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HEMATOLOGY (160 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 151 of 151 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Angiologica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Haematologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Acta Haematologica Polonica     Open Access  
Adipocyte     Open Access  
Advances in Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Africa Sanguine     Full-text available via subscription  
American Journal of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Anemia     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Archives of Hematology Case Reports and Reviews     Open Access  
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Artery Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ASAIO Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Best Practice & Research Clinical Haematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Blood     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 307)
Blood Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Blood and Lymphatic Cancer : Targets and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Blood Cancer Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Blood Cells, Molecules, and Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
Blood Pressure     Open Access  
Blood Pressure Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Blood Purification     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Blood Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
BMC Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Bone Marrow Transplantation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
British Journal of Diabetes & Vascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
British Journal of Haematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
British Journal of Primary Care Nursing - Cardiovascular Disease, Diabetes and Kidney Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Canadian Journal of Diabetes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Case Reports in Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Clinical Diabetes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
Clinical Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Clinical Lymphoma & Myeloma     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Lymphoma Myeloma and Leukemia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Blood Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Conquest : The Official Journal of Diabetes Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Current Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Diabetes Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Current Diabetes Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Current Hematologic Malignancy Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Opinion in Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Cytotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Der Diabetologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Diabetes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 418)
Diabetes aktuell     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Diabetes and Vascular Disease Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Diabetes Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 478)
Diabetes Case Reports     Open Access  
Diabetes Educator     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Diabetes Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70)
Diabetes Spectrum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Diabetes Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Diabetic Foot & Ankle     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Diabetic Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 149)
Diabetologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 215)
Diabetologia Kliniczna     Hybrid Journal  
Diabetologie und Stoffwechsel     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Journal of Haematology     Open Access  
eJHaem     Open Access  
European Journal of Haematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Experimental Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Experimental Hematology & Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Expert Review of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Fluids and Barriers of the CNS     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Journal of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Haematologica - the Hematology journal     Open Access   (Followers: 34)
Haemophilia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
Hematologia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Hematología     Open Access  
Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Hematology Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Hematology, Transfusion and Cell Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hematology/Oncology and Stem Cell Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Hemodialysis International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Hepatitis Monthly     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Immunohematology : Journal of Blood Group Serology and Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Indian Journal of Hematology and Blood Transfusion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Info Diabetologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
InFo Hämatologie + Onkologie : Interdisziplinäre Fortbildung von Ärzten für Ärzte     Full-text available via subscription  
Integrated Blood Pressure Control     Open Access  
International Blood Research & Reviews     Open Access  
International Journal of Clinical Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Diabetes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Hematologic Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Hematology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Hematology-Oncology and Stem Cell Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Laboratory Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Iraqi Journal of Hematology     Open Access  
JMIR Diabetes     Open Access  
Journal of Blood Disorders & Transfusion     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Applied Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Blood Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Diabetes     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Diabetes and its Complications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Diabetes Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Diabetes Mellitus     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Diabetes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Diabetes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Hematological Malignancies     Open Access  
Journal of Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Hematology and Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Hematopathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Hypo & Hyperglycemia     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Social Health and Diabetes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 81)
Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Journal of Transfusion Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Kidney and Blood Pressure Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Leukemia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Leukemia and Lymphoma     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Leukemia Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Leukemia Research Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Leukemia Supplements     Full-text available via subscription  
Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases     Open Access  
Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Diabetologie     Hybrid Journal  
Nutrition & Diabetes     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Oncohematology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Diabetes Journal     Open Access  
Open Hematology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Hypertension Journal     Open Access  
Open Journal of Blood Diseases     Open Access  
Pediatric Blood & Cancer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Pediatric Hematology Oncology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Peritoneal Dialysis International     Hybrid Journal  
Platelets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Practical Diabetes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Primary Care Diabetes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Research & Reviews : Journal of Oncology and Hematology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Research and Practice in Thrombosis and Haemostasis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Cubana de Hematología, Inmunología y Hemoterapia     Open Access  
Seminars in Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Thalassemia Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
The Lancet Haematology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
Therapeutic Advances in Hematology     Hybrid Journal  
Thrombosis & Haemostasis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 144)
Thrombosis Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Transfusionsmedizin - Immunhämatologie, Hämotherapie, Immungenetik, Zelltherapie     Hybrid Journal  
Transplantation and Cellular Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Veins and Lymphatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)


Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Case Reports in Hematology
Number of Followers: 10  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2090-6560 - ISSN (Online) 2090-6579
Published by Hindawi Homepage  [339 journals]
  • Severe Late-Onset Drug-Induced Immune Thrombocytopenia Following IFN β-1a
           Treatment: A Case Report of a 52-Year-Old Woman with Relapse-Remitting
           Multiple Sclerosis

    • Abstract: Interferon β-1a (IFNβ1a) is considered safe in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). Drug-induced thrombocytopenia (DITP) is a rare but underreported adverse event that is often confused with other causes of thrombocytopenia. We report the case of a 52-year-old woman who developed limb and oral mucosa petechiae and hematochezia, 10 years after beginning IFNβ1a. Blood work showed an isolated severe thrombocytopenia and ruled out other autoimmune diseases, viral infections, intravascular hemolysis, and renal impairment. Oral corticosteroids and tranexamic acid were initiated with a favorable platelet response. IFNβ1a was resumed, leading to recurrence of thrombocytopenia. Platelets came back to normal after intravenous immunoglobulins and IFNβ1a was definitively discontinued. To our knowledge, this is the first case of drug-induced immune thrombocytopenia (DITP) associated with IFNβ1a.
      PubDate: Thu, 24 Nov 2022 14:20:01 +000
  • Sigmoid Venous Thrombosis in JAK2 V617F Mutated Polycythemia Vera

    • Abstract: A 60-year-old female presented with headaches, blurry vision, diplopia, and dizziness for six weeks. Her workup revealed an elevated hematocrit, thrombocytosis, high ferritin, and normal erythropoietin. She was diagnosed with polycythemia vera with the JAK2 V617F mutation. The patient underwent magnetic resonance venography, which showed left-sided sigmoid venous thrombosis. She was placed on low-molecular-weight heparin, with a plan to transition to oral anticoagulation after four weeks and repeat imaging in three months to assess for resolution. Thrombotic events may occur in patients with polycythemia vera, and a JAK2 mutation further heightens that risk. Even so, intracranial venous thrombosis is not among the most common events, and it should be kept in the differential for any patient with myeloproliferative neoplasms presenting with new neurological symptoms.
      PubDate: Tue, 22 Nov 2022 02:05:00 +000
  • Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukemia in a Child: A Case Report of Palliative
           Chemotherapy and Literature Review Applied to Limited Resources Centers

    • Abstract: Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) is a rare hematopoietic malignancy in children, with an incidence of 1.2 per million children per year. At this moment, we present a case report and a brief literature review of JMML in a child, primarily focused on its applicability in low-middle income countries. A 3.5-year-old male was referred to our tertiary center due to pallor, enlarging abdomen and neck mass, recurrent fever, and chronic diarrhea. Initial laboratory workup showed hemoglobin of 6.4 g/dl, white blood cell of 315.62 × 103/μL, and platelet of 17 × 103/μL. Blood smears showed 10% suspected blasts, 17% myelocytes, and 17% metamyelocytes with thrombocytopenic crisis. The HbF level was 5.8%. BCR-ABL gene tested negative. The patient was diagnosed with juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia. Considering that HSCT could not be done in our center and lack other financial possibilities to seek treatment abroad, the family agreed to do the palliative treatment. The patient was treated with oral 6-mercaptopurine and subcutaneous cytarabine. Four weeks after receiving 6-mercaptopurine, the white blood cell count decreased to 10.6 × 103/μL and the spleen size was half of the original size. The patient continued chemotherapy until week 15, chemotherapy was stopped, but 16 weeks after the diagnosis of JMML, he developed severe thrombocytopenia, endophthalmitis, and sepsis and passed away. As a conclusion, in JMML cases in developing countries without HSCT, palliative chemotherapy is acceptable, and palliative care is an important aspect.
      PubDate: Wed, 16 Nov 2022 09:35:01 +000
  • Systemic Mastocytosis in a Patient with BCR-ABL1-Positive Chronic Myeloid
           Leukemia in the Remission Phase

    • Abstract: Systemic mastocytosis (SM) comprises a group of rare disorders resulting from tissue infiltration by pathological mast cells. In a percentage ranging from 5 to 40% in various patient series, SM appears to be associated with an accompanying hematologic neoplasm (SM-AHN). The coexistence of SM with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) is extremely rare with only 3 cases in the literature. The natural course of CML has changed dramatically over the past 2 decades with the use of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). We report a case of diagnosing SM in a patient in complete molecular remission of CML after stopping TKI treatment.
      PubDate: Thu, 03 Nov 2022 03:50:01 +000
  • Paraneoplastic Pemphigus: A Striking Complication of Undiagnosed Lymphoma

    • Abstract: A 49-year-old male with no past medical history presented with acute-onset painful mucosal erosions along with flaccid bullae on his trunk, scalp, and intertriginous areas. The patient initially underwent a skin biopsy which demonstrated suprabasilar acantholysis and lichenoid interface dermatitis. This was followed by a computed tomography scan which identified a large abdominal lymph node. Core needle biopsy of this node demonstrated follicular lymphoma. Lastly, indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) in rat bladder was positive (titer 1 : 10,240). This finding confirmed the diagnosis of paraneoplastic pemphigus (PNP) in the setting of follicular lymphoma. The patient’s cutaneous disease was treated with a combination of intravenous immunoglobulin and methylprednisolone, along with intravenous rituximab, with a resolution of his cutaneous symptoms. His lymphoma was treated with six cycles of rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R–CHOP), with an interval decrease in his tumor burden. PNP is an autoimmune-mediated mucocutaneous disease associated with underlying neoplasm, most commonly non-Hodgkin lymphoma or chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Affected patients develop variable autoantibodies to antigens on keratinocytes and the basement membrane zone. Severe intractable stomatitis is characteristic, in addition to polymorphous cutaneous eruptions including bullae and erosions. Mortality rates can reach up to 90% due to malignancy, sepsis, or bronchiolitis obliterans, an irreversible and often lethal cause of pulmonary insufficiency. We highlight PNP manifesting in a patient with lymphoma, who responded well to the skin- and malignancy-directed treatments. PNP is an exceedingly rare diagnosis that should be considered in a patient with intractable stomatitis.
      PubDate: Tue, 25 Oct 2022 07:50:00 +000
  • A Case of Secondary Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis Presenting with
           Severe Dyserythropoeisis in a Patient with Autoimmune Hemolysis

    • Abstract: The diagnosis of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) requires that several clinical criteria are met, and often relies on the identification of rare hemophagocytic cells in the bone marrow. Given the challenge in making the diagnosis, additional signs of immune dysregulation in the bone marrow would have practical clinical use in cases where overt hemophagocytosis is not seen. We present here a case of secondary HLH in a patient with autoimmune hemolysis ultimately diagnosed as Evans syndrome that initially presented with profound dyserythropoeisis in both the peripheral blood and bone marrow. We also explore an association between dyserythropoeisis and HLH in a series of cases previously seen at our institution.
      PubDate: Wed, 19 Oct 2022 04:20:00 +000
  • Long-Term Zidovudine Therapy and Whether It is a Trigger of Vitamin B12
           Deficiency: A Case Study of Megaloblastic Anemia at the University of
           Zambia Teaching Hospital

    • Abstract: Macrocytic anemia is frequently observed in adult HIV-infected patients treated with nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors and with vitamin B12 and folate deficiency. In this case report, we discuss a 52-year-old nonvegetarian male on long-term antiretroviral therapy for 5 years, presenting with severe macrocytic anemia (hemoglobin, 3.7 g/dL; mean corpuscular volume, 119.6 fL) and leukopenia (2.71109/L), who was diagnosed with megaloblastic anemia caused by vitamin B12 deficiency following laboratory investigations. Parenteral vitamin B12 replacement therapy was initiated, with an early response observed. Notwithstanding, the treatment response was not sustained as the patient later presented with refractory anemia and persistence of macrocytosis. Discontinuation of zidovudine with concurrent vitamin B12 administration promptly improved the patient’s clinical deficiency symptoms. At the end of 3 months, the patient had a complete hematological recovery. The deficiency of vitamin B12 disrupts DNA synthesis inhibiting effective hematopoiesis in all cell lines, particularly erythroid precursors and further promotes reversible bone marrow failure. Long-term ART therapy with zidovudine causes cytotoxicity in myeloid and erythroid precursors and induces bone marrow suppression. Whether long-term zidovudine consumption induced lower levels of vitamin B12 and subsequent megaloblastic anemia requires in-depth research and exploration.
      PubDate: Fri, 07 Oct 2022 05:20:00 +000
  • A Rare Case of BCL2-Positive Multiple Myeloma Complicated with Follicular

    • Abstract: A 68-year-old woman presented with follicular lymphoma complicated by IgG kappa-positive multiple myeloma. In this case, both follicular lymphoma and plasma cells were positive for BCL2 by immunostaining. T-cell association in the FL and MM was also analyzed in this case. Some CD3-positive T-cells were found around the plasma cells. These cells were mainly CD8-positive T-cells and not CD4-positive T-cells. These results suggest that CD4-positive T-cells were not associated with the proliferation of the plasma cells in this case. Although the FL that developed was initially positive for BCL2 protein, this does not indicate that plasma cells were derived from FL cells because of the eventual complication that occurred in this case. Furthermore, in this case, rituximab and bendamustine were effective for FL. They were not effective for MM, however, demonstrating that additional treatment options are necessary for the simultaneous treatment of BCL2-positive MM with FL.
      PubDate: Mon, 03 Oct 2022 02:20:00 +000
  • A Single-Centre Experience of Post-COVID-19 Vaccine-Related
           Immune-Mediated Complications

    • Abstract: The significant impact of the COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in a worldwide effort to develop effective vaccines. In the United Kingdom, the COVID-19 vaccine development and roll-out has been overwhelmingly successful in reducing infections and deaths. However, case reports have emerged of a rare syndrome of vaccine-induced immune thrombocytopenia and thrombosis (VITT), as well as cases of immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). This has necessitated a better understanding of these conditions. However, as both VITT and “vaccine-associated ITP” are emerging conditions, evidence on the clinical features, epidemiology, and management is still evolving. Subsequently, with the initiation of the COVID-19 vaccine booster program, it has become increasingly important to continue to collect accurate data on post-COVID-19 vaccine complications to aid with their prompt recognition and management. In this case series, we report on the presentations and management of seven cases of post-COVID-19 vaccine-related immune-mediated complications which occurred at our center between the months of March and July 2021.
      PubDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2022 08:50:00 +000
  • Bortezomib Use for a Critically Ill Patient with Angioimmunoblastic T-Cell

    • Abstract: Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL) accounts for 18.5% of all peripheral T-cell lymphomas. There is still no gold standard chemotherapy for treating newly diagnosed AITL. This case describes the use of bortezomib in newly diagnosed AITL. A 53-year-old man with no previous illness presented with erythema and swelling in the left neck. A diagnosis of AITL was made based on the results of lymph node biopsies. AITL progression led the patient to a severely deteriorated general condition. Bortezomib was thus administered, which resulted in a reduction in lymphadenopathies, the disappearance of tumor fever, and a decrease in serum lactate dehydrogenase levels. Subsequently, the patient’s general condition gradually improved. Despite the patient’s poor condition, bortezomib was well tolerated. After bortezomib administration, the patient did not require chemotherapy for approximately 10 months. The present case indicates that bortezomib is a possible treatment option for patients with AITL.
      PubDate: Wed, 31 Aug 2022 15:20:01 +000
  • A Case Report of Leptomeningeal Myelomatosis and Rapid Improvement with
           Regimen Consisting of Daratumumab, Pomalidomide, Vincristine,
           Procarbazine, and Dexamethasone

    • Abstract: Central nervous system (CNS) involvement in multiple myeloma (MM) (MM-CNS) in the form of leptomeningeal myelomatosis or brain parenchyma plasmacytoma is rare, causing challenges in clinical diagnosis and treatment. We would like to report a case of leptomeningeal myelomatosis and illustrated the challeges. A 61-year-old man was diagnosed with MM with left paravertebral plasmacytoma, R-ISS II with high suspicion of double-hit MM, either biallelic aberrancy of TP53 or del(17p) and IGH aberrancy depending on the definition chosen, treated with lenalidomide-bortezomib-dexamethasone and local radiotherapy, later developed systemic relapse and progression to MM-CNS in the form of leptomeningeal myelomatosis. A modified CNS-based treatment not reported before, consisting of daratumumab, pomalidomide, vincristine, procarbazine, and dexamethasone, brought a rapid clinical improvement and warrants a further study. Incorporation of intrathecal thiotepa into the regimen would likely increase the efficacy.
      PubDate: Wed, 31 Aug 2022 07:35:01 +000
  • SARS-CoV-2 Infection-Associated Aortic Thrombosis Treated with Oral Factor
           Xa Inhibition

    • Abstract: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an acute complex systemic disorder caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).While SARS-CoV-2 is known to cause significant pulmonary disease, various extrapulmonary manifestations of COVID-19 have also been reported. Growing evidence suggests that COVID-19 is associated with coagulopathy leading to micro and macrovascular complications. Although in patients with COVID-19, venous thromboembolic events are more frequent, arterial thrombosis also occurs at an increased rate. These often lead to acute life-threatening ischemia, which requires urgent diagnosis and treatment. We present case reports of two patients with an abnormal thrombus formation in the thoracic aorta who recently overcame COVID-19, which led to systemic embolism and splenic infarction. Ambulatory oral factor Xa inhibitor therapy led to aortic thrombosis resolution in both patients.
      PubDate: Thu, 25 Aug 2022 13:50:02 +000
  • Efficacy of CRISPR-Based Gene Editing in a Sickle Cell Disease Patient as
           Measured through the Eye

    • Abstract: Sickle cell disease (SCD) exists on a phenotypic spectrum with variable genetic expressivity, making it difficult to assess an individual patient’s risk of complications at any particular point in time. Current and emerging SCD treatments, including CRISPR-based gene editing, result in a variable proportion of affected red blood cells (RBCs) still vulnerable to sickling. Clinical serological indicators of disease such as hemoglobin, indirect bilirubin, and reticulocyte count and clinical metrics including number of emergency department visits and hospitalizations over time often fall short in their ability to objectively quantify ischemic disease activity and efficacy of treatments. Clearly, better clinical biomarkers are needed. The rapidly developing field of oculomics leverages the transparent nature of the ocular tissue to directly study the retinal microvasculature in order to characterize the status of systemic diseases. In this case report, we demonstrate the ability of optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) to detect and measure micro-occlusive events within the retinal capillary bed before and after RBC exchange transfusion and following CRISPR-based gene editing, as an indicator of systemic ischemic disease activity and measure of treatment efficacy. The implications of these findings are discussed.
      PubDate: Mon, 22 Aug 2022 07:50:01 +000
  • Severe Thrombocytopenia Associated with Dengue Fever: An Evidence-Based
           Approach to Management of Thrombocytopenia

    • Abstract: Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral illness common in tropical and subtropical countries but very rare in the United States. Patients infected with dengue often present with thrombocytopenia. In the setting of dengue, platelet transfusions as a treatment for thrombocytopenia have no clear benefits in reduction of severe bleeding or improvement of the platelet count. Here, we present a case of a traveler infected with dengue virus and discuss the approach to treat thrombocytopenia.
      PubDate: Fri, 12 Aug 2022 11:50:01 +000
  • Unexplained Hematocrit Increase after Therapeutic Phlebotomy in a Patient
           with Marked Erythrocytosis

    • Abstract: We report a patient with hereditary erythrocytosis who underwent a therapeutic phlebotomy and had a post-phlebotomy hematocrit that was higher than the pre-phlebotomy hematocrit. We could not discern a reason for this hematocrit increase after phlebotomy. Instead of performing another phlebotomy, we performed an automated red cell depletion via an apheresis instrument. This procedure is essentially a red cell exchange, but 5% albumin is used as the replacement fluid instead of red blood cells. The patient’s hematocrit decreased from 80% to 39% after three consecutive daily red cell depletion procedures. We share our experience to report the unusual finding of a patient’s hematocrit that increased with phlebotomy and to raise awareness of the red cell depletion procedure.
      PubDate: Thu, 11 Aug 2022 05:50:01 +000
  • Severe Thrombocytopenia Two Weeks Following Immunization with the Janssen
           Ad26.CoV2.S Vaccine

    • Abstract: Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) has been associated with immunizations with various proposed mechanisms, including overactivation of the immune system and production of antibodies against circulating platelets. ITP has also been associated with several viral infections, including HCV, HIV, and most recently, active SARS-CoV-2 infection. Here, we present a case of a 52-year-old male with no past medical history who sought evaluation with his primary care physician for upper and lower extremity ecchymosis of one week duration. Outpatient laboratory studies were notable for severe isolated thrombocytopenia with platelet count of 8 × 10^9/L. Interestingly, he received the Johnson and Johnson COVID-19 vaccine 16 days prior to his presentation. Clinical work up and laboratory investigations led to the diagnosis of ITP.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Jul 2022 06:05:00 +000
  • Daratumumab, Lenalidomide, and Dexamethasone (DRD), an Active Regimen in
           the Treatment of Immunosuppression-Associated Plasmablastic Lymphoma (PBL)
           in the Setting of Gorham’s Lymphangiomatosis: Review of the Literature

    • Abstract: Characterized by an aggressive course with a poor overall survival due to treatment refractoriness, plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) is a rare variant of diffuse large cell B cell lymphoma. Gorham’s lymphangiomatosis or Gorham–Stout disease (GSD) is a rare skeletal condition of unknown etiology characterized by progressive bone loss and nonmalignant proliferation of vascular and lymphatic channels within the affected bone. Neither disease has a standard of care. We present a 23-year-old HIV-negative woman with GSD, managed medically with octreotide and sirolimus, who developed PBL. After progressing on V-EPOCH (bortezomib, etoposide, vincristine, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and prednisone), she was treated with daratumumab, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone (DRD) therapy and achieved complete remission after two cycles with progression after eight cycles. This is a report of treatment of PBL with DRD therapy. Clinical investigations of the DRD regimen in PBL in conjunction with other agents to improve both depth and durability of response are warranted.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Jun 2022 16:20:00 +000
  • Immune Thrombocytopenia following COVID-19 Vaccine

    • Abstract: Several vaccines have been developed and are being administered against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Common side effects include fever, chills, headache, myalgia, and soreness at the injection site. However, some rare adverse effects have also been reported. We present a case of induced thrombocytopenia presenting with petechiae and mucosal bleeding which developed as an adverse response after first-dose administration of the Moderna COVID-19 vaccine.
      PubDate: Sat, 25 Jun 2022 14:20:01 +000
  • Unusual B-Lymphoid Blastic Crisis as Initial Presentation of Chronic
           Myeloid Leukemia Imposes Diagnostic Challenges

    • Abstract: Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a clonal hematopoietic stem cell disorder, characterized by reciprocal translocation t(9,22) (q34; q11), leading to increased myeloid proliferation. Most cases are diagnosed in the chronic phase (CP). However, a minority of cases can be present in the blastic phase (BP). In most patients with CML-BP, the blasts have a myeloid phenotype, however, in 20–30% of cases, the blasts have a lymphoid phenotype, mostly a B-cell phenotype. It is challenging to differentiate CML B-lymphoblastic phase (CML-BLP) from Ph + primary B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) especially when the CML-BLP is the initial presentation of the disease, which is uncommon. We report here an unusual case of CML-BLP as an initial presentation of the disease without typical CML morphological findings. This case demonstrates diagnostic challenges and emphasizes the importance of an integrated approach using morphology, multiparametric flow cytometry, cytogenetic studies, and molecular studies to render an accurate diagnosis.
      PubDate: Sat, 25 Jun 2022 14:05:00 +000
  • Systemic Relapse in a Young Adult Patient with Primary CNS Diffuse Large
           B-Cell Lymphoma

    • Abstract: Primary central nervous system diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (PCNS-DLBCL) is a rare form of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, characterized by an aggressive disease course. While CNS relapse is common, systemic relapse is rare with no consensus on optimal treatment. This paper presents an unusual case of advanced PCNS-DLBCL with systemic relapse, including adrenal gland involvement. A review of the existing literature and a discussion on the management of systemic relapse in PCNS-DLBCL is also provided.
      PubDate: Tue, 21 Jun 2022 04:50:00 +000
  • An Unusual Case of Breast Implant-Associated Anaplastic Large Cell

    • Abstract: Introduction. Breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL) is a rare disease entity associated with textured breast implants. Though the clinical course is typically indolent, BIA-ALCL can occasionally invade through the capsule into the breast parenchyma with spread to the regional lymph nodes and beyond including chest wall invasive disease. Case. We present the case of a 51-year-old female with a history of bilateral silicone breast implants placed approximately twenty years ago who presented with two months of progressively enlarging right breast mass. Ultrasound-guided biopsy of right breast mass and right axillary lymph node showed CD 30-positive ALK-negative anaplastic large cell lymphoma, and staging work up showed extension of the tumor to chest wall and ribs consistent with advanced disease. She received CHP-BV (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, prednisone, and brentuximab vedotin) for six cycles with complete metabolic response. This was followed by extensive surgical extirpation and reconstruction, radiation for residual disease and consolidation with autologous stem cell transplant. She is currently on maintenance brentuximab vedotin with no evidence of active disease post autologous stem cell transplant. Conclusion. Treatment guidelines for advanced chest wall invasive BIA-ALCL are not well defined. Lack of predictive factors warrants mutation analysis and genetic sequencing to identify those at highest risk of progression to chest wall invasive disease. This rare case highlights the need for definitive consensus on the optimal management of chest wall invasive BIA-ALCL.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Jun 2022 08:20:01 +000
  • Tibial Plasmablastic Lymphoma in a HIV-Negative Child: A Novel Extraoral

    • Abstract: Plasmablastic lymphoma is an aggressive, high-grade non-Hodgkin lymphoma predominantly seen in HIV-infected individuals. Alongside a strong correlation with HIV, PBL can manifest in immunocompromised HIV-negative patients. A rare case of PBL in an immunocompetent and otherwise healthy child presented to Indus Hospital & Health Network (IHHN), Karachi, Pakistan. The patient had complaints of swelling and pain in the right leg and was referred from a city in Interior Sindh. Histopathological analysis revealed sheets and aggregates of neoplasm replacing bone marrow interspersed with sclerotic bony fragments. Large, monomorphic, multinucleated neoplastic cells containing abundant cytoplasm and scattered pleomorphic cells were also noted, leading to the diagnosis of tibial plasmablastic lymphoma. A FAB/LMB96 group C chemotherapy regimen for aggressive and high-risk cancer was administered with a marked improvement in clinical symptoms.
      PubDate: Wed, 08 Jun 2022 11:35:00 +000
  • Transient Complete Recovery of Chronic Refractory Idiopathic
           Thrombocytopenic Purpura after Treatment with Monoclonal Antibody
           Targeting SARS-CoV-2 Spike Protein

    • Abstract: Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), also known as immune thrombocytopenic purpura, is an immune-mediated acquired disease characterized by transient or persistent decrease of the platelet count due to autoimmune-related destruction of platelets. Therapy for ITP relies on competing and inhibiting the autoantibody binding and destruction (intravenous immunoglobulin and anti-D immunoglobulin and spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk) inhibitor fostamatinib), augmenting platelet production (thrombopoietin receptor agonists), immunosuppression to reduce the autoantibody production, as well as splenectomy. Studies on autoantigens on the platelets suggested epitopes to be located predominantly on the GP IIb/IIIa receptor or integrin αIIbβ3, though the trigger for the development of ITP is unclear. We report a case here of a 37-year-old gentleman who has chronic ITP managed on eltrombopag, who after receiving monoclonal antibody against SARS-CoV-2 (mAb) i.e. casirivimab and imdevimab for his COVID-19 infection, demonstrated complete recovery of his platelet count for a short period of time. We discuss a few potential mechanisms of action and propose further studies to elucidate the therapeutic effect of COVID-19 mAb in ITP.
      PubDate: Tue, 07 Jun 2022 11:50:00 +000
  • A Case Report of Premalignant Plasma Cell Dyscrasia-Induced Renal Failure
           in a 31-Year-Old Female

    • Abstract: Monoclonal gammopathy of renal significance (MGRS) is a rare disorder in which monoclonal immunoglobulin secreted by nonmalignant B cell or plasma cell clone causes kidney damage. Although MGRS is a premalignant condition, it can cause severe kidney disease and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) at any age. Herein, we present a 31-year-old female with past medical history of lupus nephritis who presented with signs of volume overload and worsening renal function despite adequate immunosuppressive therapy. Renal biopsy revealed heavy and light chain deposition consistent with MGRS. This case report demonstrates the importance of including MGRS in the differential diagnosis of worsening renal function despite adequate treatment, raising awareness of this premalignant yet morbid condition.
      PubDate: Tue, 07 Jun 2022 06:20:00 +000
  • A Rare Case of Extensive Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis Complicated by
           Heparin-Induced Thrombocytopenia

    • Abstract: Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is a rare but potentially life-threatening cause of stroke. Several risk factors have been identified including hypercoagulable state, malignancy, use of oral contraceptives, pregnancy, head injury, infection, and prothrombotic states such as heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT). HIT is a prothrombotic state leading to thrombosis in several distinct locations including CVST requiring prompt discontinuation of heparin and initiation of nonheparin anticoagulation to prevent catastrophic consequences. Very rarely, HIT can complicate the ongoing CVST leading to worsening thrombosis and clinical deterioration. We here report an exceedingly rare case of CVST complicated by HIT in a 22-year-old female patient who showed remarkable clinical improvement after discontinuation of heparin and initiation of argatroban.
      PubDate: Mon, 06 Jun 2022 12:50:01 +000
  • Successful Treatment of Concomitant Pleural Mucosa-Associated Lymphoid
           Tissue Lymphoma and Monoclonal Gammopathy of Undetermined Significance
           with Lenalidomide, Rituximab, and Dexamethasone

    • Abstract: Concomitant plasma cell and B cell neoplasms in a single patient have been infrequently reported. It is known that the prognosis of these patients is worse than that of patients with single-disease onset. Generally, the chemotherapy specific for each disease is provided sequentially. It has been suggested that the specific chemotherapy for lymphoma could lead to the occurrence of refractory multiple myeloma (MM). We present a case with the concomitant occurrence of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma and monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS). MGUS does not usually require aggressive treatment. However, the potential adverse effects of MGUS on the treatment course of the B cell lymphoma were concerning. Therefore, we explored a new therapeutic approach that is simultaneously effective against both diseases. Combination therapy of lenalidomide (LEN) and rituximab (RIT) gained indication for follicular lymphoma and MALT lymphoma recently. LEN is also a key drug in MM treatment. Both diseases in our patient were effectively treated with the combination of LEN, RIT, and dexamethasone. With this combination therapy, we expect a prognostic improvement in concomitant MM and B cell lymphoma cases.
      PubDate: Mon, 30 May 2022 07:50:01 +000
  • Spontaneous Regression of Plasmablastic Lymphoma in an Immunocompetent
           Patient: Case Report and Review of the Literature

    • Abstract: Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) is a rare and highly aggressive type of lymphoma, which is commonly associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Spontaneous regression of aggressive lymphomas is rare as they typically require administration of chemotherapy and radiotherapy for treatment. Here, we describe a case of a spontaneous regression of PBL after nasal biopsy and computed tomography (CT) guided biopsy of paravertebral mass in an immunocompetent patient. We postulate that the patient’s immune system may be activated as a result of the stress and physical trauma brought on by nasal and paravertebral mass biopsy. Our case highlights the rare phenomenon of spontaneous regression of lymphoma which needs to be further studied on to establish its underlying pathophysiology.
      PubDate: Mon, 30 May 2022 07:20:00 +000
  • Monoclonal Gammopathy of Renal Significance with Progression to Multiple
           Myeloma in a Patient with ASIA-MO Syndrome

    • Abstract: Background. Autoimmune/inflammatory syndrome induced by adjuvants is a disease associated with an unregulated hyperactivity of the immune system and may also be associated with a high frequency of hematologic malignancies. Report. This is a case of a female with ASIA-MO syndrome secondary to infiltration of mineral oil for aesthetic purposes and presented with multiple episodes of urolithiasis resulting in renal impairment of her left kidney confirmed by scintigraphy and ending in unilateral nephrectomy. Retrospective renal piece analysis confirmed tubulointerstitial infiltration with light chains and plasma cells. Paraffin fixation prevented subsequent immunofluorescence analysis for better follow-up of the patient. Conclusion. The presence of positive immunofixation kappa chains explained the sudden deterioration of renal function with monoclonal gammopathy of renal significance which concluded in an association between diseases, such as multiple light chain myeloma, as a final diagnosis.
      PubDate: Wed, 25 May 2022 06:50:00 +000
  • Pancytopenia with Development of Persistent Neutropenia Secondary to

    • Abstract: Viral infections have long been linked to hematologic dysfunction. With the rapid spread of COVID-19, various hematologic manifestations have emerged. While there have been several reports of immune thrombocytopenic purpura from SARS-CoV-2, concurrent lymphopenia and anemia have sparse. We describe a case of COVID-induced pancytopenia that presented months after initial COVID infection that initially responded to IVIG and steroids, but now with persistent neutropenia.
      PubDate: Wed, 11 May 2022 04:35:01 +000
  • Ibrutinib Plus R-ICE Induces Remission in Blastoid Variant Mantle Cell
           Lymphoma with CNS Relapse

    • Abstract: Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is an aggressive, difficult to treat subtype of lymphoma, resulting in relapses and poor outcomes. Novel agents such as Bruton tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitors have been studied in the treatment of relapsed/refractory (R/R) MCL. BTK inhibitor ibrutinib, in particular, has demonstrated improvement in survival outcomes of R/R MCL. Despite these advancements, many cases of MCL, including the more aggressive blastoid and pleomorphic variants, will undergo disease progression leading to poor survival outcomes. Blastoid variant MCL is associated with an increased risk of central nervous system (CNS) involvement, causing high mortality rates. In this case report, we discuss a patient with a diagnosis of blastoid MCL with CNS relapse who achieved a complete response (CR) after receiving standard rituximab plus ifosfamide-carboplatin-etoposide (R-ICE) salvage chemotherapy with the addition of ibrutinib. The patient subsequently underwent autologous stem cell transplantation (autoSCT) and maintained CR with ibrutinib maintenance.
      PubDate: Fri, 06 May 2022 13:05:01 +000
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Heriot-Watt University
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