Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8196 journals)
    - ANAESTHESIOLOGY (105 journals)
    - CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (334 journals)
    - DENTISTRY (266 journals)
    - ENDOCRINOLOGY (149 journals)
    - FORENSIC SCIENCES (43 journals)
    - HEMATOLOGY (160 journals)
    - HYPNOSIS (4 journals)
    - INTERNAL MEDICINE (177 journals)
    - MEDICAL GENETICS (58 journals)
    - MEDICAL SCIENCES (2241 journals)
    - NURSES AND NURSING (331 journals)
    - OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY (199 journals)
    - ONCOLOGY (355 journals)
    - OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (76 journals)
    - PATHOLOGY (96 journals)
    - PEDIATRICS (254 journals)
    - PSYCHIATRY AND NEUROLOGY (800 journals)
    - RESPIRATORY DISEASES (109 journals)
    - RHEUMATOLOGY (76 journals)
    - SPORTS MEDICINE (77 journals)
    - SURGERY (388 journals)

HEMATOLOGY (160 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 151 of 151 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Angiologica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Haematologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Acta Haematologica Polonica     Open Access  
Adipocyte     Open Access  
Advances in Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Africa Sanguine     Full-text available via subscription  
American Journal of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Anemia     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Archives of Hematology Case Reports and Reviews     Open Access  
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
Artery Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ASAIO Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Best Practice & Research Clinical Haematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Blood     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 289)
Blood Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Blood and Lymphatic Cancer : Targets and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Blood Cancer Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Blood Cells, Molecules, and Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
Blood Pressure     Open Access  
Blood Pressure Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Blood Purification     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Blood Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
BMC Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Bone Marrow Transplantation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
British Journal of Diabetes & Vascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
British Journal of Haematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
British Journal of Primary Care Nursing - Cardiovascular Disease, Diabetes and Kidney Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Canadian Journal of Diabetes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Case Reports in Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Clinical Diabetes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
Clinical Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Clinical Lymphoma & Myeloma     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Lymphoma Myeloma and Leukemia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Blood Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Conquest : The Official Journal of Diabetes Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Current Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Diabetes Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Current Diabetes Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Current Hematologic Malignancy Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Opinion in Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Cytotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Der Diabetologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Diabetes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 403)
Diabetes aktuell     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Diabetes and Vascular Disease Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Diabetes Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 461)
Diabetes Case Reports     Open Access  
Diabetes Educator     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Diabetes Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 71)
Diabetes Spectrum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Diabetes Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Diabetic Foot & Ankle     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Diabetic Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 142)
Diabetologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 200)
Diabetologia Kliniczna     Hybrid Journal  
Diabetologie und Stoffwechsel     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Journal of Haematology     Open Access  
eJHaem     Open Access  
European Journal of Haematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Experimental Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Experimental Hematology & Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Expert Review of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Fluids and Barriers of the CNS     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Journal of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Haematologica - the Hematology journal     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
Haemophilia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66)
Hematologia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Hematología     Open Access  
Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Hematology Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Hematology, Transfusion and Cell Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hematology/Oncology and Stem Cell Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Hemodialysis International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Hepatitis Monthly     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Immunohematology : Journal of Blood Group Serology and Molecular Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Indian Journal of Hematology and Blood Transfusion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Info Diabetologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
InFo Hämatologie + Onkologie : Interdisziplinäre Fortbildung von Ärzten für Ärzte     Full-text available via subscription  
Integrated Blood Pressure Control     Open Access  
International Blood Research & Reviews     Open Access  
International Journal of Clinical Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Diabetes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Hematologic Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Hematology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Hematology-Oncology and Stem Cell Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Laboratory Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Iraqi Journal of Hematology     Open Access  
JMIR Diabetes     Open Access  
Journal of Blood Disorders & Transfusion     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Applied Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Blood Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Diabetes     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Diabetes and its Complications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Diabetes Investigation     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Diabetes Mellitus     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Diabetes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Diabetes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Hematological Malignancies     Open Access  
Journal of Hematology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Hematology and Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Hematopathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Hypo & Hyperglycemia     Partially Free  
Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Social Health and Diabetes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 80)
Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Journal of Transfusion Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Kidney and Blood Pressure Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Leukemia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Leukemia and Lymphoma     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Leukemia Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Leukemia Research Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Leukemia Supplements     Full-text available via subscription  
Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases     Open Access  
Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Diabetologie     Hybrid Journal  
Nutrition & Diabetes     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Oncohematology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Diabetes Journal     Open Access  
Open Hematology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Hypertension Journal     Open Access  
Open Journal of Blood Diseases     Open Access  
Pediatric Blood & Cancer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Pediatric Hematology Oncology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Peritoneal Dialysis International     Hybrid Journal  
Platelets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Practical Diabetes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Primary Care Diabetes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Research & Reviews : Journal of Oncology and Hematology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Research and Practice in Thrombosis and Haemostasis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Cubana de Hematología, Inmunología y Hemoterapia     Open Access  
Seminars in Hematology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Thalassemia Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
The Lancet Haematology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
Therapeutic Advances in Hematology     Hybrid Journal  
Thrombosis & Haemostasis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 140)
Thrombosis Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Transfusionsmedizin - Immunhämatologie, Hämotherapie, Immungenetik, Zelltherapie     Hybrid Journal  
Transplantation and Cellular Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Veins and Lymphatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)


Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Diabetes Therapy
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.094
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 23  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1869-6953 - ISSN (Online) 1869-6961
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2469 journals]
  • Long-Term Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Once-Weekly Semaglutide versus
           Dulaglutide in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes with Inadequate Glycemic
           Control in China

    • Abstract: Introduction The objective of the current study was to assess the long-term cost-effectiveness of once-weekly semaglutide 0.5 mg and 1.0 mg versus dulaglutide 1.5 mg for the treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes uncontrolled on metformin in the Chinese setting. Methods The Swedish Institute of Health Economics Diabetes Cohort Model (IHE-DCM) was used to evaluate the long-term health and economic outcomes of once-weekly semaglutide and dulaglutide. Analysis was conducted from the perspective of the Chinese healthcare systems over a time horizon of 40 years. Data on baseline cohort characteristics and treatment effects were sourced from the SUSTAIN 7 clinical trial. Costs included treatment costs and costs of complications. Projected health and economic outcomes were discounted at a rate of 5% annually. The robustness of the results was evaluated through one-way sensitivity analyses and probabilistic sensitivity analyses. Results Compared with dulaglutide 1.5 mg, once-weekly semaglutide 0.5 mg and 1.0 mg were associated with improvements in discounted life expectancy of 0.04 and 0.10 years, respectively, and improvements in discounted quality-adjusted life expectancy of 0.08 and 0.19 quality-adjusted life years (QALYs), respectively. Clinical benefits were achieved at reduced costs, with lifetime cost savings of 8355 Chinese Yuan (CNY) with once-weekly semaglutide 0.5 mg and 11,553 CNY with once-weekly semaglutide 1.0 mg. Sensitivity analyses verified the robustness of the research results. Conclusions Once-weekly semaglutide was suggested to be dominant (more effective and less costly) versus dulaglutide 1.5 mg in patients with type 2 diabetes uncontrolled on metformin treatment in China.
      PubDate: 2022-08-08
  • A Response to: Letter to the Editor regarding “Importance of Early
           Screening and Diagnosis of Chronic Kidney Disease in Patients with Type 2

    • PubDate: 2022-08-05
  • Letter to the Editor Regarding “Importance of Early Screening and
           Diagnosis of Chronic Kidney Disease in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes”

    • PubDate: 2022-08-05
  • Cost-Effectiveness of iGlarLixi Versus Premix BIAsp 30 in People with Type
           2 Diabetes Suboptimally Controlled by Basal Insulin in the US

    • Abstract: Introduction Many people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) experience suboptimal glycemic control and require therapy advancement. This cost-effectiveness analysis was conducted to compare iGlarLixi (insulin glargine 100 U/mL plus lixisenatide) versus BIAsp 30 (biphasic insulin aspart 30) in people with T2DM suboptimally controlled with basal insulin. Methods The IQVIA Core Diabetes Model was used to estimate lifetime costs and outcomes for people with T2DM from a US healthcare payer perspective. Initial clinical data were based on the phase 3 randomized, open-label, active-controlled SoliMix clinical study, which compared the efficacy and safety of once-daily iGlarLixi with twice-daily BIAsp 30. Lifetime costs (US$) and quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) were predicted, and the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) for iGlarLixi versus BIAsp 30 was estimated; the willingness-to-pay threshold was considered to be $50,000. A subgroup analysis considered people with T2DM aged ≥ 65 years. Results Estimated QALYs gained were slightly higher with iGlarLixi compared with BIAsp 30 (9.3 vs. 9.2), with lower costs for iGlarLixi ($117,854 vs. $120,109); the ICER for iGlarLixi was therefore considered dominant over BIAsp 30 in the base case. Key drivers for cost savings were the higher dose and twice-daily administration for BIAsp 30 versus once-daily administration for iGlarLixi. The robustness of the base-case results was confirmed by sensitivity and scenario analyses. Results were similar in a subgroup of people with T2DM aged ≥ 65 years. Conclusion In people with T2DM with suboptimal glycemic control on basal insulin, iGlarLixi confers improved QALYs and reduced costs compared with BIAsp 30.
      PubDate: 2022-08-05
  • Sensor-Augmented Insulin Pump with Predictive Low-Glucose Suspend (PLGS):
           Determining Optimal Settings of Pump and Sensor in a Multicenter Cohort of
           Patients with Type 1 Diabetes

    • Abstract: Introduction The use of predictive low-glucose suspend (PLGS) sensor-augmented pumps has been shown to lead to a significant reduction in hypoglycemic episodes in patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D), but their effects on hyperglycemia exposure are heterogeneous. The aim of this study was to determine the settings of the Medtronic 640G system to obtain the optimal balance between occurrence of both hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia. Methods The hypo- and hyperglycemia area under the curve (AUC), as well as system settings [hypoglycemic threshold, mean insulin total daily dose (TDD), mean basal insulin percentage, and mean daily duration of PLGS] were collected between 2 and 12 times during 1 year in patients from four university hospital centers. Univariate/multivariate analyses and receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curves were performed to determine factors associated with hyper- and hypoglycemia AUC. Results A total of 864 observations were analyzed from 110 patients with T1D. Two preselected settings predictive of low hyperglycemia AUC were a basal insulin percentage < 52.0% [sensitivity (Se) = 0.66 and specificity (Sp) = 0.53] and a PLGS duration > 157.5 min/day (Se = 0.47 and Sp = 0.73). The preselected setting predictive of a low hypoglycemia AUC was a PLGS duration ≤ 174.4 min (Se = 0.83 and Sp = 0.51). Between-visit variation of PLGS and TDD was positively correlated (r = 0.61; p < 0.0001). Conclusion The most important Medtronic 640G setting was the mean daily PLGS duration, where a value between 157.5 and 174.4 min/day was associated with the best reduction in both hypo- and hyperglycemia AUC. In this study, we showed that PLGS duration could be indirectly modified through total daily insulin dose adaptation. Trial Registration: This study is registered in (NCT 03047486).
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
  • Practical Guidance on Open Source and Commercial Automated Insulin
           Delivery Systems: A Guide for Healthcare Professionals Supporting People
           with Insulin-Requiring Diabetes

    • Abstract: Abstract As increasing numbers of people with insulin-managed diabetes use automated insulin delivery (AID) systems or seek such technologies, healthcare providers are faced with a steep learning curve. Healthcare providers need to understand how to support these technologies to help inform shared decision making, discussing available options, implementing them in the clinical setting, and guiding users in special situations. At the same time, there is a growing diversity of commercial and open source automated insulin delivery systems that are evolving at a rapid pace. This practical guide seeks to provide a conversational framework for healthcare providers to first understand and then jointly assess AID system options with users and caregivers. Using this framework will help HCPs in learning how to evaluate potential new commercial or open source AID systems, while also providing a guide for conversations to help HCPs to assess the readiness and understanding of users for AID systems. The choice of an AID system is not as simple as whether the system is open source or commercially developed, and indeed there are multiple criteria to assess when choosing an AID system. Most importantly, the choices and preferences of the person living with diabetes should be at the center of any decision around the ideal automated insulin delivery system or any other diabetes technology. This framework highlights issues with AID use that may lead to burnout or perceived failures or may otherwise cause users to abandon the use of AID. It discusses the troubleshooting of basic AID system operation and discusses more advanced topics regarding how to maximize the time spent on AID systems, including how to optimize settings and behaviors for the best possible outcomes with AID technology for people with insulin-requiring diabetes. This practical approach article demonstrates how healthcare providers will benefit from assessing and better understanding all available AID system options to enable them to best support each individual.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
  • Practical Guidance on Basal Insulin Initiation and Titration in Asia: A
           Delphi-Based Consensus

    • Abstract: Abstract The global health burden of diabetes is on the rise and has affected more than half a billion people worldwide, particularly in Southeast Asia, North Africa, Africa, and the Western Pacific, Middle East, and South and Central America regions of the International Diabetes Federation (IDF). Despite many new treatments being available for the management of diabetes, glycemic control remains suboptimal in Asia, compared to the rest of the world. Delay in timely insulin initiation and inadequate titration of insulin are regarded to be some of the important reasons for inadequate glycemic control. Additionally, Asian populations have a distinct phenotype, including a younger age of onset and higher glycemic excursions, suggestive of a lower beta-cell function, as compared to non-Asians. Although there are multiple local and international guidelines on insulin initiation and titration, some of these guidelines can be complex. There is an unmet need for guideline recommendations on basal insulin initiation and titration to be simplified and customized for the Asian population with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). A unified approach would increase adoption of basal insulin initiation by primary care and family medicine physicians, which in turn would help reduce the inertia to insulin initiation. With this background, a consensus-seeking meeting was conducted with 14 experts from seven Asian countries to delineate appropriate practices for insulin initiation and titration in the Asian context. The key objective was to propose a simple insulin titration algorithm, specific for the Asian population, to improve glycemic control and optimize therapeutic outcomes of people with T2DM on basal insulin. Following a detailed review of literature and current guidelines, and potential barriers to insulin initiation and titration, the experts proposed a simplified insulin titration algorithm based on both physician- and patient-led components. The consensus recommendations of the experts related to basal insulin initiation and titration have been summarized in this article, along with the proposed titration algorithm for optimizing glycemic control in the Asian population with T2DM.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
  • Twenty Years of Insulin Gla-100: A Systematic Evaluation of Its Efficacy
           and Safety in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

    • Abstract: Introduction This systematic review aims to present the current evidence base with respect to the initiation and intensification of insulin therapy with glargine 100 U/mL (Gla-100) compared to other insulins in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods A systematic literature search of PubMed (MEDLINE), EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of controlled clinical trials databases was performed to identify studies published up to September 30, 2020 that compared the effects of Gla-100 to that of other insulin regimens in people with T2DM. Relevant information pertaining to the predefined outcomes of interest was extracted. Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) change and response rates along with overall hypoglycemia incidence were the primary efficacy and safety outcomes of interest. Results Seventy-nine studies (63 interventional and 16 non-interventional) in which Gla-100 was either initiated in previously insulin-naïve patients (n = 57) or used in an intensified regimen (n = 22) were identified and evaluated. In insulin-naïve patients, most studies demonstrated that Gla-100 was significantly better compared with premixed insulins and similar compared with neutral protamine Hagedorn (NPH) insulin, second-generation basal insulins, co-formulations, and other first-generation basal insulins in terms of the primary efficacy parameters. Overall hypoglycemia risk with Gla-100 was significantly lower compared with NPH, premixed, coformulation, and other first-generation basal insulins and significantly higher compared with second-generation basal insulins. In studies with intensified regimens, efficacy outcomes with Gla-100 were significantly better compared with insulin detemir (IDet); similar compared with NPH, second-generation basal insulins, co-formulations; and with premixed insulins. In these studies, overall hypoglycemia risk with Gla-100 was significantly lower compared with IDet and comparable to NPH, premixed insulins, co-formulations, and second-generation basal insulins. In addition, most intensification studies also revealed a significantly lower risk of nocturnal hypoglycemia with Gla-100–based regimens versus NPH and premixed insulins and a significantly greater risk compared to second-generation basal insulins. Conclusions The evidence presented in this review suggests that Gla-100 is an effective option for both insulin initiation and intensification strategies used in the management of T2DM.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
  • An Early Assessment of the Real-World Treatment Patterns of Type 2
           Diabetes: A Comparison to the 2018 ADA/EASD Consensus Report

    • Abstract: Introduction Using the American Diabetes Association (ADA) Hyperglycemic Pharmacotherapy Guidelines for type 2 diabetes, we evaluated the medication use patterns in real-world patients with type 2 diabetes in the USA. Methods Health care claims among patients with type 2 diabetes were analyzed (IBM® MarketScan® 2007 to 2019 Commercial and Medicare Databases). Diabetes treatment patterns were evaluated for the total patient sample of 580,741 during the year 2019. Prior years’ claims data were used to construct patient history and determine clinical groups per the 2018 ADA/EASD consensus statement: atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD), chronic kidney disease (CKD), heart failure (HF), hypoglycemia (hypo), and obesity. The recommended therapy use rates (RTUR) were calculated for clinical groups. Univariate chi-square tests were performed to compare RTUR within and outside clinical groups. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify variables associated with recommended therapy use. Results A large proportion of patients belonged to multiple clinical groups; this was more common in the Medicare cohort. Each clinical group in the Commercial cohort had a substantially higher RTUR than in the Medicare cohort. However, no clinical group achieved > 40% RTUR. The RTUR was the highest in the CKD and obesity groups in the Commercial cohort and in the hypo and obesity groups in the Medicare cohort, but lowest in hypo and HF groups in the Commercial and Medicare cohorts, respectively. Conclusion Prevalence of guideline-aligned treatment use in 2019 was low, particularly since many patients fit into multiple risk groups with established treatment benefits.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
  • IDegLira for the Real-World Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes in Italy:
           Protocol and Interim Results from the REX Observational Study

    • Abstract: Introduction IDegLira was shown to maintain glycemic control while reducing risk of hypoglycemia and body weight gain. The REX study was designed to generate real-world evidence on the use of IDegLira in Italian clinical practice in two different subgroups of patients, those switching to IDegLira from a basal insulin-supported oral therapy (BOT group) and those from a basal plus bolus insulin regimen (BB group). Methods Adult patients with T2D diagnosed for at least 12 months and having started IDegLira 2–3 months prior to enrolment, coming from a BOT or BB regimen, were enrolled in this multicenter observational prospective cohort study conducted in 28 Italian centers. This paper presents the methodological framework of the REX study and provides the interim analysis results describing the patients’ baseline characteristics and the clinical reasons for IDegLira treatment initiation. Results Of the 360 patients enrolled in the REX study, 331 were considered eligible for this interim analysis, 76.4% in the BOT and 23.6% in the BB group. Mean (SD) HbA1c was 8.5% (1.4) in the BOT and 8.2% (1.7) in the BB group. The most common T2D complications were diabetic macroangiopathy and diabetic nephropathy in both groups. The median (interquartile range) insulin daily dose before IDegLira was 15.0 (10.0–20.0) units in the BOT group and 42 (30.0–52.0) in the BB group. Oral antidiabetics were taken by 98% and 51.3% of patients, respectively. The main reason for switching to IDegLira was the inadequate glycemic control in the BOT group (86% of patients), and the intent to simplify the treatment in the BB group (66.7%). Conclusions IdegLira is initiated after BOT in inadequately controlled patients to improve glycemic control, whereas in BB patients it is used to simplify the therapeutic regimen. Final results of the REX study will shed light on patients’ outcomes after IdegLira treatment under routine clinical care.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
  • The Effects of Imeglimin on the Daily Glycemic Profile Evaluated by
           Intermittently Scanned Continuous Glucose Monitoring: Retrospective,
           Single-Center, Observational Study

    • Abstract: Introduction Imeglimin is a novel antidiabetic drug that amplifies glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) and improves insulin sensitivity. Several randomized clinical studies have shown the efficacy of imeglimin for glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). We aimed to evaluate the short-term effects and safety of imeglimin in terms of glycemic control, as assessed by intermittently scanned continuous glucose monitoring (isCGM). Methods This retrospective and observational study of 32 patients who were administered imeglimin in addition to existing treatment regimens was designed to evaluate glycemic profiles. The patients were monitored for more than 4 weeks, including the day of starting imeglimin. The changes in glycemic indices, including mean glucose level, coefficient of variation (CV), time in range (TIR) and time above range (TAR), before and after imeglimin administration were analyzed, and data on adverse effects were collected by interview. Results Imeglimin administration significantly improved the mean values of glucose (from 159.0 ± 27.5 mg/dL to 141.7 ± 22.1 mg/dL; p < 0.001), TIR (from 67.9 ± 17.0% to 79.5 ± 13.3%; p < 0.001) and TAR (from 29.4 ± 17.5% to 17.9 ± 13.7%; p < 0.001) and tended to improve CV (from 29.0 ± 6.1 to 27.4 ± 5.58; p = 0.058). The curves of 24-h mean glucose level for all 32 subjects were shifted downward from the baseline after imeglimin administration. The high mean glucose level, high TAR, low TIR, low body mass index and low C-peptide were related to the efficacy of imeglimin for glycemic control. The main adverse effects were gastrointestinal disorders, and the incidence of hypoglycemia was increased in cases receiving a combination of imeglimin plus insulin or a glinide agent. Conclusion Imeglimin clearly shifted the daily glucose profile into an appropriate range in Japanese T2D patients, indicating improvement of short-term glycemic control. Imeglimin is thought to be a promising therapeutic agent for T2D patients, especially those with a low insulin secretory capacity, which is a common phenotype in East-Asian subjects with glucose intolerance.
      PubDate: 2022-07-27
  • Comparison Between Continuous Versus Flash Glucose Monitoring in Children,
           Adolescents, and Young Adults with Type 1 Diabetes: An 8-Week Prospective
           Randomized Trial

    • Abstract: Introduction To assess the impact of real-time continuous glucose monitoring (RT-CGM) instead of first-generation flash glucose monitoring (FGM) on hypoglycaemia in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Methods In this randomized controlled interventional study, young individuals with type 1 diabetes used RT-CGM or FGM for 8 weeks. We evaluated changes in time below range (TBR), severe hypoglycaemia (SH), HbA1c, glycaemic variability, and impaired awareness of hypoglycaemia with RT-CGM (intervention group) in comparison with FGM. Results We randomly assigned 37 participants to either the intervention group (n = 19) or the control group (n = 18). At 8 weeks, we did not find a decrease in TBR in either group, but there was a significant reduction in SH in the intervention group. For participants with TBR ≥ 5% at baseline, we observed significant reductions in 24-h TBR, wake TBR, sleep TBR, and glucose variability at 8 weeks in the intervention group. Conclusions The use of RT-CGM versus FGM decreased SH in young individuals with type 1 diabetes, and TBR and glucose variability in patients with a higher TBR at baseline. The patient's history should be taken into account when advising on the method of blood glucose monitoring, as RT-CGM could be more effective in younger patients at high risk for SH. Trial registration NCT04249102.
      PubDate: 2022-07-23
  • Clinical Benefit of Switching from Low-Dose to High-Dose Empagliflozin in
           Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

    • Abstract: Introduction Sodium-dependent glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors ameliorate blood glucose levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) by inhibiting the reabsorption of glucose from the kidneys, thus increasing urinary glucose excretion. Most SGLT2 inhibitors have been reported to exert dose-dependent effects. However, little is known about the benefits of increasing the dose of SGLT2 inhibitors in clinical use. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of increasing the dose of the SGLT2 inhibitor empagliflozin in T2DM. Methods We collected 52 subjects with T2DM with inadequate glycemic control. The dose of empagliflozin was increased from 10 to 25 mg, taken once daily, and the alterations in glycemic control and several other clinical parameters were evaluated. Results The increased dose of empagliflozin significantly ameliorated glycemic control. In addition, body weight (BW), body mass index (BMI), triglyceride (TG), and γ-glutamyltranspeptidase (GGT) were significantly decreased and hematocrit (Hct) was increased. Multivariate logistic regression analyses revealed that baseline diastolic blood pressure (DBP) (odds ratio 1.093, 95% CI 1.019–1.156, P = 0.012) and baseline TG (odds ratio 1.012, 95% CI 1.001–1.023, P = 0.026) were retained as independent predictors for the improvement of hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels. Moreover, multivariate stepwise regression analyses revealed that changes in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (β − 0.264, 95% CI − 1.217 to 0.000, P = 0.049) and HbA1c (β 0.302, 95% CI 0.077–1.096, P = 0.025) were retained as independent predictors for changes in BMI. Conclusion Increasing the dose of empagliflozin significantly ameliorated BW, BMI, GGT, TG, fasting plasma glucose and HbA1c and increased Hct in patients with T2DM. Moreover, baseline DBP and TG were independent predictors for the improvement of HbA1c. These findings may provide useful information when considering increasing the dosage of SGLT2 inhibitors in patients with T2DM who have inadequate glycemic control. Trial Registration UMIN Clinical Trials Registry (UMIN000041543).
      PubDate: 2022-07-15
  • Impact of Partial Meal Replacement on Glycemic Levels and Body Weight in
           Indian Patients with Type 2 Diabetes (PRIDE): A Randomized Controlled

    • Abstract: Introduction Partial meal replacement (PMR) offers potential glycemic and weight control benefits in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. We evaluated the clinical impact of PMR (diabetes-specific nutritional supplement [DSNS]) in overweight/obese Indian patients with T2DM. Methods PRIDE, a 12-week, phase IV, open-label, multicenter study randomized (1:1) newly diagnosed T2DM patients (≤ 1 year) to either DSNS plus standard of care (SOC; diabetes treatment with dietary counseling) group (PMR) or SOC alone group (SOC). The primary endpoint was mean change in glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) from baseline to week 12. Secondary endpoints were changes in glucose profiles, body weight, waist circumference, lipid profile, and factors impacting quality-of-life (QoL) at week 6 and 12 from baseline. Safety was assessed throughout the study. Results Of the 176 patients enrolled, 171 (n = 85 in PMR group; n = 86 in SOC group) were included in the modified intent-to-treat population. The mean reduction in HbA1c at week 12 from baseline in PMR group was significant compared to the SOC group (− 0.59 vs. − 0.21%, p = 0.002). At week 12, the PMR group showed significant reduction in mean body weight (− 2.19 vs. − 0.22 kg; p = 0.001) and waist circumference (− 2.34 vs. − 0.48 cm; p = 0.001) compared to SOC group. Mean fasting plasma glucose and post-prandial glucose significantly reduced from baseline at week 6 and 12 in each group (p < 0.05). No significant change was observed in lipid profile. QoL parameters (treatment adherence, general well-being, and energy fulfilment) in the PMR were significantly better than SOC group (p < 0.05). Patients were satisfied with the taste of DSNS. No serious adverse events were reported. Conclusions DSNS is an encouraging option for PMR strategy, as it significantly improved HbA1c, body weight, waist circumference, and overall well-being among overweight/obese Indian T2DM patients. Trial Identification No. CTRI/2019/10/021595.
      PubDate: 2022-07-14
  • Distress and Living with Diabetes: Defining Characteristics Through an
           Online Survey

    • Abstract: Introduction There is considerable evidence for diabetes reducing quality of life. The impact of such a diagnosis on mental health is less well understood and was subsequently explored here. Methods Online PHQ-9 scores (which calculate the severity of depression), Diabetes Distress Screening Scale (DDSS) and EQ-5D-5L (quality-of-life) questionnaires were completed by patients with diabetes, followed by the extraction of data where possible from responders’ clinical records. Results A total of 133 people submitted questionnaires. However, not all data items could be completed by each patient; 35% (45/130) had type I diabetes mellitus (T1DM); 55% (64/117) were women. The overall median age of 117 responders was 60 (IQR 50–68 years). The median aggregated response scores were: EQ-5D-5L 0.74 (IQR 0.64–0.85) (lower quality of life than UK population median of 0.83), DDSS 1.9 (IQR1.3–2.7) (≥ 2 indicates moderate distress) and PHQ-9 5 (IQR2-11) (≥ 5 indicates depression). Higher diabetes distress (DDSS)/lower quality of life EQ-5D-5L/higher depressive symptoms (PHQ-9) linked to female sex (DDSS 0.5/25% above median), younger age (< 50 years DDSS 0.7/35% above median), fewer years after diagnosis (< 10 years DDSS 0.8/40% above median), and obesity (BMI > 35 DDSS 0.6/30% above median). Additionally, a HbA1c reading of ≤ 48 mmol/mol was associated with higher DDSS scores, as did a reduction of more than 5 mmol/mol in HbA1c over the last three HbA1c measurements. The 30 individuals with a history of prescribed antidepressant medication also showed higher diabetes distress scores (DDSS 0.9, equating to 45% above the median). The DDSS score elevation came from an increase in emotional burden and regimen-related distress. DDSS scores were not significantly linked to diabetes type, insulin use, absolute level/change in blood glucose HbA1c. Physician-related distress showed a similar pattern. Conclusions A low level of stress in relation to diabetes management may be associated with lower HbA1c. The larger impact of diabetes on mental health in younger women/people with shorter diabetes duration should be noted when considering psychosocial intervention/behavior change messaging. Physician-related distress is a potentially remediable factor. However, this sample was self-selecting, limiting generalization to other samples.
      PubDate: 2022-07-13
  • Prediabetes in Syria and Its Associated Factors: A Single-Center
           Cross-Sectional Study

    • Abstract: Introduction Prediabetes is a major risk factor for diabetes and many chronic complications, particularly cardiovascular disease (CVD). Risk factors vary among races and demographics. This is the first study to assess prediabetes in Syria and its relevant risk factors. Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted in a primary health clinic in Al-Mouwasat University Hospital, the major Hospital in Damascus, Syria. Interviews, examinations, and blood investigations were carried out by qualified physicians in the clinic. Results This study included 406 participants, of which 363 (89.4%) were females, 43(10.6%) were males, 91 (22.4%) had prediabetes, 108 (26.6%) were overweight, and 231 (56.9%) were obese. Older age, positive family history of diabetes, obesity, abdominal obesity in females, high cholesterol, being married, and CVD were statistically significantly associated with prediabetes (p < 0.05). However, prediabetes was not associated with gender, living in the city or country, cigarette smoking, hypertension, diet, triglycerides, or polycystic ovary syndrome (p > 0.05). However, in the multivariable analysis, only high cholesterol, familial diabetes, and waist diameter had significant association. Conclusions Prevalence of prediabetes in our study in Syria was higher than what was estimated by previous studies. While many risk factors were similar to other countries in the regions, other risk factors differed. These results were highly reflective of high burden of prediabetes and diabetes, mainly in relatively young females. Further studies are required to tackle this rising issue as it imposes major complications in the long term, and the high financial burden on the health care system.
      PubDate: 2022-07-12
  • Comparison of the Effectiveness of Once-Daily Alogliptin/Metformin and
           Twice-Daily Anagliptin/Metformin Combination Tablet in a Randomized,
           Parallel-Group, Open-Label Trial in Japanese Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

    • Abstract: Introduction The combination tablets of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors and metformin are used for both once-daily and twice-daily agents in Japan. If there is no difference in effectiveness between the once-daily and twice-daily DPP-4 inhibitor/metformin combination tablets, the once-daily agent is advantageous in terms of frequency of administration. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of once-daily alogliptin/metformin combination tablet (alogliptin 25 mg/metformin 500 mg) and twice-daily anagliptin/metformin combination tablet low dose (LD) (anagliptin 100 mg/metformin 250 mg). Methods Forty-eight Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes whose metformin administration of 250 mg twice daily had remained unchanged for at least 8 weeks, except when using DPP-4 inhibitors, glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists, or insulin, were randomized to either the once-daily alogliptin/metformin combination tablet group or the twice-daily anagliptin/metformin combination tablet LD group. The primary endpoint was the difference in glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels from baseline to week 12 of administration, whereas the secondary endpoints were fasting blood glucose, body mass index (BMI), and adherence. Results Forty-four patients completed the study, and intention-to-treat analyses were performed. The adjusted mean value (standard error) for the change in HbA1c from week 0 to 12, was − 0.75 (0.109)% for the once-daily alogliptin/metformin combination tablet group and − 0.65 (0.109)% for the twice-daily anagliptin/metformin combination tablet LD group, with an intergroup difference of − 0.10% (95% confidence interval, CI − 0.407, 0.215). The upper limit of the bilateral 95% CI was 0.215%, below the 0.40% pre-defined as the non-inferiority margin. Fasting blood glucose, BMI, and adherence were not significantly different between the groups. Conclusions The once-daily alogliptin/metformin combination tablet was non-inferior to the twice-daily anagliptin/metformin combination tablet LD in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes. Trial Registration University Hospital Medical Information Network Clinical Trial Registry (UMIN-CTR) (registration number: UMIN000034951).
      PubDate: 2022-07-06
  • Efficacy and Safety of Ultra-Rapid Lispro in Younger and Older Patients
           with Type 2 Diabetes: Randomized Double-Blind PRONTO-T2D Study

    • Abstract: Introduction Ultra-rapid lispro (URLi) is a new prandial insulin lispro formulation. In the PRONTO-T2D study, URLi, in a basal-bolus regimen with glargine or degludec, was non-inferior to lispro (Humalog®) for HbA1c reduction and superior for postprandial glucose (PPG) control. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of URLi compared to lispro in younger versus older patients in PRONTO-T2D. Methods PRONTO-T2D was a phase 3, 26-week, double-blind, treat-to-target study in people with type 2 diabetes. In this sub-group analysis, we compared URLi to lispro on the change from baseline  in HbA1c and rate of level 2 hypoglycemia (< 54 mg/dl) in patients aged < 65 (N = 406) and ≥ 65 years (N = 267). Results At baseline, patients < 65 versus ≥ 65 years had mean age of 54.9 versus 69.2 years and duration of diabetes 14.6 versus 19.4 years. Mean HbA1c at screening and randomization was 8.35 and 7.34%, respectively, in patients < 65 years, and 8.21 and 7.23%, respectively, in patients ≥ 65 years. At endpoint, mean HbA1c with URLi versus lispro was 6.92 versus 6.90%, respectively, in patients < 65 years and 6.89 versus 6.79%, respectively, in patients ≥ 65 years. URLi significantly reduced 1- and 2-h PPG excursions with a standardized meal test in both age groups: between-treatment differences at 1-h postmeal for younger and older patients was – 9.8 and – 15.1 mg/dl, respectively; and at 2-h postmeal, – 18.7 and – 15.1 mg/dl, respectively, all p < 0.05. Severe and nocturnal hypoglycemia were similar between groups. The relative rate (URLi/Humalog) of level 2 hypoglycemia was lower in older versus younger patients, with a significant treatment-by-age interaction observed. No differential treatment effects were noted for insulin dose, weight, and fasting and maximum glucose after the meal test. Conclusions URLi, in a basal-bolus regimen, resulted in endpoint HbA1c < 7% and significantly lower PPG excursions compared to lispro in both age groups, with reduced level 2 hypoglycemia in older versus younger patients. Trial registration, NCT03214380.
      PubDate: 2022-07-04
  • Correction to: The FIDELIO Study Podcast

    • PubDate: 2022-07-02
  • Association Between the Tissue and Circulating Advanced Glycation
           End-Products and the Micro- and Macrovascular Complications in Type 1
           Diabetes: The DIABAGE Study

    • Abstract: Introduction Type 1 diabetes is associated with an increased risk of vascular complications. We aimed to investigate the association between serum and tissue advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) and micro- and macrovascular complications in type 1 diabetes (T1D). Methods We conducted a cross-sectional study on 196 adults with T1D (mean age 44.53 ± 16, mean duration of diabetes 22 ± 12 years, mean HbA1c 8 ± 1.2%). AGEs were measured in blood serum (i.e., carboxymethyllysine (CML), methylglyoxal-hydroimidazolone-1 (MGH1), and pentosidine) and by measurement of skin autofluorescence (SAF). Associations between AGEs levels and vascular complications were analyzed using binary logistic regression. Correlations between AGEs and pulse wave velocity (PWV) were also assessed by linear regressions. Significant differences were set for p values less than 0.05. Results We found positive associations between different AGEs and vascular complications. SAF was associated with both microangiopathy (retinopathy: OR = 1.92, p = 0.011; neuropathy: OR = 2.02, p = 0.04; any microangiopathy: OR = 2.83, p < 0.0001) and macroangiopathy (coronaropathy: OR = 3.11, p = 0.009; any macroangiopathy: OR = 2.78, p = 0.003). For circulating AGEs, pentosidine was significantly associated with coronaropathy (OR = 1.61, p = 0.01) and any macroangiopathy (OR = 1.52, p = 0.005) while MGH1 was associated with nephropathy (OR 1.72, p = 0.03). Furthermore, a significant linear correlation was found between PWV and SAF (r = 0.43, p < 0.001), pentosidine (r = 0.28, p < 0.001), and MGH1 (r = 0.16, p = 0.031), but not for CML (r = 0.03, p = 0.598). Conclusions Skin autofluorescence appears to be a useful marker for investigating both micro- and macrovascular complications in T1D. In this study, pentosidine was associated with macroangiopathy and MGH1 with nephropathy among the circulating AGEs. Furthermore, the correlations between PWV and AGEs may suggest their value in early prediction of vascular complications in T1D.
      PubDate: 2022-07-02
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762

Your IP address:
Home (Search)
About JournalTOCs
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-