Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8679 journals)
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CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (338 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 338 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Angiologica     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Cardiologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Acute Cardiac Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Adipositas - Ursachen, Folgeerkrankungen, Therapie     Hybrid Journal  
AJP Heart and Circulatory Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Aktuelle Kardiologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
American Heart Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
American Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American Journal of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Anales de Cirugia Vascular     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Anatolian Journal of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Angiología     Full-text available via subscription  
Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales de Cardiologie et d'Angéiologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
AORTA     Open Access  
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Cardiovascular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivos de cardiología de México     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Argentine Journal of Cardiology (English edition)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arrhythmia & Electrophysiology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Artery Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ARYA Atherosclerosis     Open Access  
ASAIO Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ASEAN Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Cardiovascular and Thoracic Annals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aswan Heart Centre Science & Practice Services     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atherosclerosis : X     Open Access  
Bangladesh Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Basic Research in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
BMC Cardiovascular Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Brain Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Canadian Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Cardiac Cath Lab Director     Full-text available via subscription  
Cardiac Electrophysiology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cardiac Failure Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cardiocore     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiogenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Cardiology and Angiology: An International Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiology and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Cardiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Cardiology in Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cardiology in the Young     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Cardiology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cardiology Plus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Cardiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cardiorenal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiothoracic Surgeon     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CardioVasc     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular & Haematological Disorders - Drug Targets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Cardiovascular and Thoracic Open     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Diabetology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Cardiovascular Endocrinology & Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Cardiovascular Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cardiovascular Journal of Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Cardiovascular Medicine in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Cardiovascular Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cardiovascular Regenerative Medicine     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular System     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Cardiovascular Ultrasound     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Cerebrovascular Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra     Open Access  
Chest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 104)
Choroby Serca i Naczyń     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Circulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 270)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Circulation : Genomic and Precision Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Circulation : Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Circulation Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Cirugía Cardiovascular     Open Access  
Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis     Full-text available via subscription  
Clínica e Investigación en arteriosclerosis (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical and Experimental Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Clinical Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Research in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Research in Cardiology Supplements     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical Trials and Regulatory Science in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Congenital Heart Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Congestive Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cor et Vasa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Coronary Artery Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
CorSalud     Open Access  
Critical Pathways in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Cardiology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Cardiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Cardiovascular Imaging Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Current Heart Failure Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Hypertension Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Hypertension Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Opinion in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Current Problems in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Research : Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
CVIR Endovascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Der Kardiologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Echo Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Echocardiography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Egyptian Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Journal of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
ESC Heart Failure     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Cardiology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Heart Journal - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart Journal : Acute Cardiovascular Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal : Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
European Stroke Organisation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Folia Cardiologica     Open Access  
Forum Zaburzeń Metabolicznych     Hybrid Journal  
Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Future Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Global Cardiology Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Heart     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Heart     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Heart and Mind     Open Access  
Heart and Vessels     Hybrid Journal  
Heart Failure Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Heart Failure Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Heart International     Full-text available via subscription  
Heart Rhythm     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
HeartRhythm Case Reports     Open Access  
Hellenic Journal of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Herz     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Hypertension     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hypertension in Pregnancy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Hypertension Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ibrahim Cardiac Medical Journal     Open Access  
IJC Heart & Vessels     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJC Heart & Vasculature     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJC Metabolic & Endocrine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Indian Journal of Cardiovascular Disease in Women WINCARS     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal  
Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Innovations : Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Insuficiencia Cardíaca     Open Access  
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Cardiovascular Forum Journal     Open Access  
International Journal of Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Cardiology Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
International Journal of Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Hyperthermia     Open Access  
International Journal of Stroke     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
International Journal of the Cardiovascular Academy     Open Access  
Interventional Cardiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Interventional Cardiology Review     Open Access  
JACC : Basic to Translational Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
JACC : Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
JACC : Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
JACC : Heart Failure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
JAMA Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)

        1 2 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Coronary Artery Disease
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.705
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 3  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0954-6928 - ISSN (Online) 1473-5830
Published by LWW Wolters Kluwer Homepage  [301 journals]
  • Clinical outcomes three-year after revascularization with biodegradable
           polymer stents: ultrathin-strut sirolimus-eluting stent versus
           biolimus-eluting stent: from the Scandinavian organization for randomized
           trials with clinical outcome VII trial
    • Authors: Ellert; Julia; Maeng, Michael; Raungaard, Bent; Hansen, Knud Nørregaard; Kahlert, Johnny; Jensen, Svend Eggert; Bøtker, Hans Erik; Hansen, Henrik Steen; Lassen, Jens Flensted; Christiansen, Evald Høj; Jensen, Lisette Okkels
      Abstract: imageBackground Drug-eluting stents with biodegradable polymers have been designed to improve safety and efficacy. However, drug-eluting stents with biodegradable polymers may not be a class effect, as stent strut thickness, polymer coating, and drug resorption differ between these groups of stents. Twelve months results of Scandinavian Organization for Randomized Trials With Clinical Outcome VII showed that ultrathin-strut sirolimus-eluting Orsiro stent was noninferior to the biolimus-eluting Nobori stent. The sirolimus-eluting Orsiro stent was associated with a reduced risk of definite stent thrombosis.Methods The Scandinavian Organization for Randomized Trials With Clinical Outcome VII trial is a prospective multicenter randomized clinical trial comparing sirolimus-eluting Orsiro stent and biolimus-eluting Nobori stent in all-comers patients. The endpoint target lesion failure was a composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction (not related to other than index lesion) and target lesion revascularization.Results A total of 1261 patients were randomized to treatment with sirolimus-eluting Orsiro stent and 1264 patients to biolimus-eluting Nobori stent and followed for 3 years. At 3-year the target lesion failure was comparable for sirolimus-eluting Orsiro stent (9.0%) and the biolimus-eluting Nobori stent (9.1%), (rate ratio, 0.99; 95% confidence interval, 0.77–1.29). Cardiac death (sirolimus-eluting Orsiro stent 3.0% vs. biolimus-eluting Nobori stent 2.6% [rate ratio, 1.16; 95% confidence interval, 0.73–1.86]), target lesion revascularization (sirolimus-eluting Orsiro stent 5.2% vs. biolimus-eluting Nobori stent 5.9% [rate ratio, 0.90; 95% confidence interval, 0.64–1.25]), myocardial infarction (sirolimus-eluting Orsiro stent 4.7% vs. biolimus-eluting Nobori stent 4.5% [rate ratio, 1.04; 95% confidence interval, 0.72–1.50]), and definite stent thrombosis (sirolimus-eluting Orsiro stent 1.0% vs. biolimus-eluting Nobori stent 1.7% [rate ratio, 0.59; 95% confidence interval, 0.30–1.18]) did not differ significantly between the two groups.Conclusion At 3-year follow-up, target lesion failure did not differ among ultrathin-strut sirolimus-eluting Orsiro stent and biolimus-eluting Nobori stent with biodegradable polymers.
      PubDate: Tue, 01 Sep 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Safety and efficacy of intracoronary prourokinase administration in
           patients with high thrombus burden
    • Authors: Wang; Xuechao; Liu, Huiliang; Wu, Haibo; Xiao, Yuyang; Bai, Shiru; Li, Xinning; Li, Xiangming; Zhang, Lina; Chen, Tianlei; Li, Hongxiao; Liu, Jia; Du, Rongpin
      Abstract: imageObjectives The study was designed to evaluate the effect of low-dose intracoronary prourokinase administration immediately after thrombus aspiration in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) presenting with a serious thrombus burden.Methods Consecutive STEMI patients with high thrombus burden received thrombus aspiration during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were randomly assigned to study group (intracoronary prourokinase administration) or control group (intracoronary 0.9% sodium chloride administration). The primary endpoint was complete ST-segment resolution (STR) at 90 min after primary PCI, and the secondary endpoints included angiographic myocardial perfusion indexes.Results Patients in study group had a higher incidence of complete STR and myocardial blush grade 3 compared with those in control group (56.52% vs. 38.89%, P = 0.017 and 57.61% vs. 38.89%, P = 0.041). The peak cardiac troponin I value and corrected thrombolysis in myocardial infarction frame count were significantly lower in study group (52.16 ± 24.67 ng/mL vs. 60.91 ± 28.81 ng/mL, P = 0.029; and 19.57 ± 9.05 vs. 22.91 ± 10.22, P = 0.020). A significant improvement in left ventricular ejection fraction and major adverse cardiac events (MACEs)-free survival was observed in study group (55.22 ± 10.50% vs. 52.18 ± 9.39%, P = 0.041; 10.87% vs. 22.22%, P = 0.039) at the 6-month follow-up. The bleeding complication was similar in both groups (17.39% vs. 12.22%, P = 0.327).Conclusions In STEMI patients with high thrombus burden, low-dose prourokinase intracoronary administered immediately after thrombus aspiration improves myocardial perfusion, cardiac function, and MACEs-free survival with no significant increase in major bleeding.
      PubDate: Tue, 01 Sep 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • A new noninvasive method for assessing mild coronary atherosclerosis:
           transthoracic convergent color Doppler after heart rate reduction.
           Validation vs. intracoronary ultrasound
    • Authors: Caiati; Carlo; Lepera, Mario Erminio; Pollice, Paolo; Iacovelli, Fortunato; Favale, Stefano
      Abstract: imageBackground A more sensitive transthoracic color Doppler technology (convergent color Doppler), along with a heart rate (HR) reduction and new tomographic planes, can greatly improve coronary blood flow velocity (BFV) recordings in the left main (LMCA) and left anterior descending (LAD) coronary arteries, allowing the detection of even a slight acceleration of BFV due to mild coronary stenosis.Methods A group of 26 patients underwent convergent color Doppler transthoracic echocardiography (CC-Doppler TTE) in the LMCA and in the LAD coronary arteries before and after HR lowering. A second group of 71 patients scheduled for intravascular ultrasound, expanded to 96 with 25 more patients with normal LAD (by angiography/low likelihood of disease), underwent BFV Doppler recordings by CC-Doppler TTE of the whole LAD (specifically the proximal, mid and distal segments) to detect a localized increase in BFV, after attaining maximal and reference BFV in each segment.Results In the first group, HR reduction dramatically improved the detection of optimal flow in the LMCA and LAD, from 4 to 54% and from 6 to 94% of the segments, respectively (P 
      PubDate: Tue, 01 Sep 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • The association between the fibrinogen-to-albumin ratio and coronary
           artery disease severity in patients with stable coronary artery disease
    • Authors: Celebi; Savas; Ozcan Celebi, Ozlem; Berkalp, Berkten; Amasyali, Basri
      Abstract: imageObjective Fibrinogen-to-albumin ratio (FAR) is an inexpensive and easily measurable novel inflammatory index that has been found to be associated with atherosclerosis. In this study, we aimed to investigate the association between the FAR and coronary artery disease (CAD) severity in patients with stable CAD.Methods In total, 356 consecutive patients with CAD were classified into three groups, those with a low Synergy between percutaneous coronary intervention and the Taxus and Cardiac Surgery Study (SYNTAX) score (≤22), those with an intermediate SYNTAX score (23≥ SYNTAX score ≤32) and those with a high SYNTAX score (>32).Results We determined that there were significant differences in the mean age (P 
      PubDate: Tue, 01 Sep 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Predictive accuracy of lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio and
           monocyte-to-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol ratio in determining the
           slow flow/no-reflow phenomenon in patients with non–ST-elevated
           myocardial infarction
    • Authors: Kalyoncuoglu; Muhsin; Biter, Halil Ibrahim; Ozturk, Semi; Belen, Erdal; Can, Mehmet Mustafa
      Abstract: imageObjective To investigate whether inflammation based scores including neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), lymphocyte to monocyte ratio (LMR) and monocyte to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) ratio (MHR) predict the slow flow (SF)/no-reflow (NR) phenomenon comparatively in patients with non–ST-elevated Myocardial Infarction(NSTEMI) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).Methods Current study is retrospective designed and includes 426 NSTEMI patients (mean age of 56.8 ± 11.4 years). The patients were grouped into non slow flow/no-reflow and slow flow/no-reflow groups according to postintervention thrombolysis in myocardial infarction flow grade.Results The slow flow/no-reflow group had significantly higher MHR and lower LMR values than the non slow flow/no-reflow group (P 
      PubDate: Tue, 01 Sep 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Randomized trial of intracoronary adenosine as adjunctive therapy for
           prevention of the no-reflow phenomenon
    • Authors: Naghshtabrizi; Nima; Sajedi, Manijeh; Naghshtabrizi, Behshad; Mozayanimonfared, Azadeh; Ali Seif Rabiei, Mohamad; Kanonisabet, Ali
      Abstract: imageNo-reflow phenomenon as a serious complication following percutaneous coronary intervention, deteriorates clinical outcomes. Intracoronary (IC) Adenosine, seems to be a way to deal with it. One hundred four consecutive patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction were randomized into two groups. Each group consisted of 52 patients who managed with two bolus doses of IC Adenosine (Adenosine group) or two bolus doses of IC normal saline (placebo group) administered before and after stenting. Thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) grade flow, ST-segment resolution (STR) and post-procedural clinical outcomes were used as endpoints. IC adenosine led to lower rates of no-reflow based on TIMI grade flow scaling (15.4% vs. 44.3%; P-value: 0.02). STR classified as complete, partial and no resolution was similar between two groups (P-value: 0.748). Also, post-interventional clinical outcomes, including arrhythmia, left ventricular ejection fraction, hospitalization time, and 30 days mortality were similar between Adenosine and placebo groups.
      PubDate: Tue, 01 Sep 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Prognostic implications of coronary artery stenosis and coronary spasm in
           patients with stable angina: 5-year follow-up of the Abnormal COronary
           VAsomotion in patients with stable angina and unobstructed coronary
           arteries (ACOVA) study
    • Authors: Seitz; Andreas; Morár, Nathalie; Pirozzolo, Giancarlo; Athanasiadis, Anastasios; Bekeredjian, Raffi; Sechtem, Udo; Ong, Peter
      Abstract: imageBackground In the Abnormal COronary VAsomotion in patients with stable angina and unobstructed coronary arteries study, we showed that 62% of patients with stable angina and unobstructed coronary arteries had coronary spasm. In this study, we sought to assess the 5-year prognosis in these patients.Methods Data regarding the following endpoints were obtained: death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, coronary event (=cardiac death or non-fatal myocardial infarction), persistent angina and repeated coronary angiography. Quality of life was assessed using the Seattle Angina Questionnaire.Results Among patients with unobstructed coronary arteries there were three deaths (2.9%) and no non-fatal myocardial infarction. Among those with obstructive CAD 15 died (13.8%) and three had a non-fatal myocardial infarction (2.8%). Patients with obstructive CAD had a higher rate of all-cause death and coronary events compared to those without (P = 0.004). Persistent angina was more prevalent in patients with unobstructed coronaries (P = 0.042). Prognosis of patients with unobstructed coronaries regarding hard clinical events, persistent angina and repeated coronary angiography was independent of the presence of coronary spasm (all P> 0.05). However, spasm patients were more likely to take nitrate medication at follow-up (P = 0.029).Conclusion Patients with stable angina and unobstructed coronary arteries have a favorable prognosis regarding mortality and non-fatal myocardial infarction after 5 years compared to patients with obstructive CAD irrespective of the presence of coronary artery spasm. However, persistent angina remains a common issue in patients with unobstructed coronary arteries leading to a similar frequency of repeated invasive procedures as in patients with obstructive CAD.
      PubDate: Tue, 01 Sep 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Interarterial course of anomalous right coronary artery: role of symptoms
           and surgical outcomes
    • Authors: Saleem; Sameer; Syed, Mubbasher; Elzanaty, Ahmed M; Nazir, Salik; Changal, Khalid; Gul, Sajjad; Sheikh, Mujeeb
      Abstract: imageAnomalous origin of right coronary artery with interarterial course (ARCA-IA) is a risk factor for sudden death and other cardiac complications. Surgical correction remains its gold standard treatment. We describe clinical characteristics, workup, surgical techniques and outcomes of ARCA-IA at our center. A retrospective analysis of cardiovascular database was performed. From March 2005 through January 2011, 11 patients with mean age of 53 ± 18 years were diagnosed with ARCA-IA. Reported symptoms included chest pain (64%), arrhythmia [27%; i.e. atrial flutter (9%), recurrent supraventricular tachycardia (9%), ventricular tachycardia (9%)], syncope (18%), dyspnea (9%) and aborted sudden cardiac death (9%). Chest pain (n = 7) was episodic and lasted longer than 6 months before diagnosis. Initial diagnosis was made at coronary computed tomography in two patients and at cardiac catheterization in nine patients. Four patients had positive stress test and were subsequently found to have ARCA-IA at cardiac catheterization. There was no operative mortality. Surgery (bypass with ligation of native vessel or translocation and reimplantation) was performed in seven patients. Three patients refused surgery, and in one patient, surgery was not considered due to comorbidities. Symptom relief was noted in all surgical patients. At mean follow-up of 36 months, two patients had noncardiac-related deaths whereas nine were asymptomatic. There were no deaths reported in patients treated surgically. Definitive surgery is indicated in symptomatic ARCA-IA and is associated with excellent long-term outcome. RCA dominance in ARCA-IA is an adverse marker with increased symptoms; this hypothesis should be tested in larger studies.
      PubDate: Tue, 01 Sep 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Frequency of daily tooth brushing and subsequent cardiovascular events
    • Authors: Kobayashi; Daiki; Mizuno, Atsushi; Mitsui, Rie; Shimbo, Takuro
      Abstract: imageObjective Although previous studies have shown an inverse association between the frequency of daily tooth brushing and cardiovascular risk factors, research on cardiovascular events is limited. This study aimed to evaluate the association between the frequency of daily tooth brushing and subsequent cardiovascular events.Methods and results A retrospective longitudinal study was conducted at a hospital in Tokyo, Japan. We included all participants who underwent health check-ups from 2005 to 2011 and followed up to 2018. Our outcomes were the development of cardiovascular events. Outcomes were compared by the frequency of daily tooth brushing with a generalized estimating equation, adjusting for potential confounders. A total of 71 221 participants were included. The mean age was 45.6 years and 50.3% were male. During a median follow-up of 2061 (interquartile range: 933–3311) days, 1905 participants developed cardiovascular events. The adjusted odds ratios (ORs) of cardiovascular events increased in a dose-dependent manner as the frequency of tooth brushing decreased. Even those who brushed their teeth once in a day had a higher adjusted OR of stroke (1.22; 95% confidence interval, 1.01–1.48) than did those who brushed after every meal.Conclusions Frequent tooth brushing was inversely associated with subsequent cardiovascular events in a dose-dependent manner. Even brushing one’s teeth once a day may be related to an increased likelihood of stroke than brushing one’s teeth after every meal. Less frequent tooth brushing may be considered to be a marker for subsequent cardiovascular disease and coronary heart disease, rather than a risk factor.
      PubDate: Tue, 01 Sep 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Relationship between cardio-ankle vascular index and obstructive coronary
           artery disease
    • Authors: Birudaraju; Divya; Cherukuri, Lavanya; Kinninger, April; Chaganti, Bhanu T.; Haroun, Pishoy; Pidikiti, Sivakrishna; Lakshmanan, Suvasini; Hamal, Sajad; Flores, Ferdinand; Dailing, Christopher; Shaikh, Kashif; Roy, Sion K.; Budoff, Matthew J.
      Abstract: imageBackground Cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) is an inexpensive, noninvasive, office-based method to evaluate arterial stiffness in the aorta and legs, which reflects the degree of coronary atherosclerosis. It has been applied clinically to assess arterial stiffness in patients who were diagnosed with coronary artery disease (CAD), stroke and those at risk. We intend to evaluate relationship between the CAVI and obstructive CAD.Methods We enrolled 285 individuals with mean age of 55.8 ± 13.5 years, clinically referred for Coronary Artery Calcium (CAC) scoring and coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) at our site. After informed consent, CAVI measurements were done using a vascular screening system, VaSera VS-1500 AU (FUKUDA Denshi) on the same day of CCTA. CAC was measured using the Agatston method. A semiquantitative scale was used by CCTA readers to grade the extent of luminal stenosis as a percentage of the vessel diameter using visual estimations. We evaluated if CAVI was associated with severe stenosis (>50%) or CAC>100, defined as obstructive CAD.Results The degree of CAC and severe coronary stenosis demonstrated significant correlation with CAVI (r = 0.44, P ≤ 0.0001 and r = 0.43, P ≤ 0.0001). Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis indicated that CAVI measure of 7.8 was an optimal cut-point for sensitivity and specificity in detecting obstructive CAD. Unadjusted logistic regression demonstrated CAVI>7.8, significantly associated with obstructive CAD [odds ratio (OR) = 4.60, 95% confidence interval (CI) (2.0–10.56), P = 0.0003] and CAC score>100 [OR = 6.96, 95% CI (3.68–13.17), P 
      PubDate: Tue, 01 Sep 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Analgesia in acute ischemic chest pain
    • Authors: Yan; Wenjiang; Yang, Shaozhong; Chen, Liang; Yang, Jingjing
      Abstract: imageAnalgesics, particularly opioids, have been routinely used in the emergency treatment of ischemic chest pain for a long time. In the past two decades; however, several studies have raised the possibility of the harmful effects of opioid administration. In 2014, the American Heart Association (AHA)/American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACCF) changed the guidelines regarding the use of opioids from class IC to class IIb for non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome. And in 2015, the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guidelines incidentally noted the side effects of opioids. In ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, both ESC and AHA/ACCF still recommend the use of opioids. Given the need for adequate pain relief in ischemic chest pain in the emergency setting, it is necessary to understand the adverse effects of analgesia, while still providing sufficiently potent options for analgesia. The primary purpose of this review is to quantify the effects of analgesics commonly used in the prehospital and emergency department in patients with ischemic chest pain.
      PubDate: Tue, 01 Sep 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Systemic endothelial dysfunction in patients with vasospastic and
           microvascular angina: serum uric acid as a marker of reactive hyperemia
    • Authors: Saito; Yuichi; Kitahara, Hideki; Nishi, Takeshi; Fujimoto, Yoshihide; Kobayashi, Yoshio
      Abstract: imageNo abstract available
      PubDate: Tue, 01 Sep 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Nightmare in interventional cardiology: type-V coronary perforation during
           primary percutaneous coronary intervention in a patient with anterior
           ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction
    • Authors: Bendary; Ahmed; Magdy, Mohamed; Mady, Amro; Abushouk, Abdelrahman Ibrahim; Salem, Mohamed
      Abstract: imageNo abstract available
      PubDate: Tue, 01 Sep 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Natural history of spontaneous coronary dissections
    • Authors: Fabris; Enrico; Perkan, Andrea; Hermanides, Renicus S.; Sinagra, Gianfranco
      Abstract: imageNo abstract available
      PubDate: Tue, 01 Sep 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
  • Acute lateral myocardial infarction due to thromboembolism originating
           from nonocclusive ruptured plaque of the left main trunk: a case report
    • Authors: Enzan; Ayano; Yamada, Ryotaro; Uemura, Shiro
      Abstract: imageNo abstract available
      PubDate: Tue, 01 Sep 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
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