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CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (338 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 338 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Angiologica     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Cardiologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Acute Cardiac Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Adipositas - Ursachen, Folgeerkrankungen, Therapie     Hybrid Journal  
AJP Heart and Circulatory Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Aktuelle Kardiologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
American Heart Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
American Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American Journal of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Anales de Cirugia Vascular     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Anatolian Journal of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Angiología     Full-text available via subscription  
Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales de Cardiologie et d'Angéiologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
AORTA     Open Access  
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Cardiovascular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivos de cardiología de México     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Argentine Journal of Cardiology (English edition)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arrhythmia & Electrophysiology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Artery Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ARYA Atherosclerosis     Open Access  
ASAIO Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ASEAN Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Cardiovascular and Thoracic Annals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aswan Heart Centre Science & Practice Services     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atherosclerosis : X     Open Access  
Bangladesh Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Basic Research in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
BMC Cardiovascular Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Brain Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Canadian Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Cardiac Cath Lab Director     Full-text available via subscription  
Cardiac Electrophysiology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cardiac Failure Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cardiocore     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiogenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Cardiology and Angiology: An International Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiology and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Cardiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Cardiology in Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cardiology in the Young     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Cardiology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cardiology Plus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Cardiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cardiorenal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiothoracic Surgeon     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CardioVasc     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular & Haematological Disorders - Drug Targets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Cardiovascular and Thoracic Open     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Diabetology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Cardiovascular Endocrinology & Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Cardiovascular Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cardiovascular Journal of Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Cardiovascular Medicine in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Cardiovascular Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cardiovascular Regenerative Medicine     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular System     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Cardiovascular Ultrasound     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Cerebrovascular Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra     Open Access  
Chest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 104)
Choroby Serca i Naczyń     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Circulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 270)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Circulation : Genomic and Precision Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Circulation : Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Circulation Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Cirugía Cardiovascular     Open Access  
Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis     Full-text available via subscription  
Clínica e Investigación en arteriosclerosis (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical and Experimental Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Clinical Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Research in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Research in Cardiology Supplements     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical Trials and Regulatory Science in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Congenital Heart Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Congestive Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cor et Vasa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Coronary Artery Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
CorSalud     Open Access  
Critical Pathways in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Cardiology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Cardiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Cardiovascular Imaging Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Current Heart Failure Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Hypertension Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Hypertension Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Opinion in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Current Problems in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Research : Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
CVIR Endovascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Der Kardiologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Echo Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Echocardiography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Egyptian Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Journal of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
ESC Heart Failure     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Cardiology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Heart Journal - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart Journal : Acute Cardiovascular Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal : Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
European Stroke Organisation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Folia Cardiologica     Open Access  
Forum Zaburzeń Metabolicznych     Hybrid Journal  
Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Future Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Global Cardiology Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Heart     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Heart     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Heart and Mind     Open Access  
Heart and Vessels     Hybrid Journal  
Heart Failure Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Heart Failure Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Heart International     Full-text available via subscription  
Heart Rhythm     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
HeartRhythm Case Reports     Open Access  
Hellenic Journal of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Herz     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Hypertension     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hypertension in Pregnancy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Hypertension Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ibrahim Cardiac Medical Journal     Open Access  
IJC Heart & Vessels     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJC Heart & Vasculature     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJC Metabolic & Endocrine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Indian Journal of Cardiovascular Disease in Women WINCARS     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal  
Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Innovations : Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Insuficiencia Cardíaca     Open Access  
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Cardiovascular Forum Journal     Open Access  
International Journal of Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Cardiology Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
International Journal of Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Hyperthermia     Open Access  
International Journal of Stroke     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
International Journal of the Cardiovascular Academy     Open Access  
Interventional Cardiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Interventional Cardiology Review     Open Access  
JACC : Basic to Translational Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
JACC : Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
JACC : Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
JACC : Heart Failure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
JAMA Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)

        1 2 | Last

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Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.628
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1664-5456
Published by Karger Homepage  [120 journals]
  • Cortical and Internal Watershed Infarcts Might Be Key Signs for Predicting
           Neurological Deterioration in Patients with Internal Carotid Artery
           Occlusion with Mild Symptoms

    • Abstract: Background: Treatment for acute ischemic stroke due to large vessel occlusion (LVO) with mild symptoms is under discussion. Although most patients have good outcomes, some patients deteriorate and have unfavorable results. Imaging findings that predict the prognosis of LVO with mild symptoms are needed to identify patients who require treatment. In this study, we focused on watershed infarctions (WSIs), because this clinical phenomenon quite sensitively reflects changes in cerebral blood flow. The purpose of this study was to assess positive rates of WSI on MRI findings in patients with internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusion, and compare WSI-positive rates between patients divided according to their clinical course. Methods: We retrospectively collected data of 1,531 patients who presented with acute ischemic stroke between June 2006 and July 2019. Among them, we chose symptomatic ICA occlusion patients with a past history of atrial fibrillation who were treated conservatively. We divided these patients into two groups, those with maintenance or improvement in their NIHSS score after hospitalization, and those whose NIHSS score worsened. We compared WSI-positive rates between these two groups. Results: Thirty-seven of the 1,531 patients were included in this study. Of them, total NIHSS score was maintained or improved in 8 patients (group A), 3 of whom (37.5%) had internal watershed infarctions (IWIs). In group B, consisting of patients whose NIHSS score worsened by #x3e;2 at 7 days from symptom onset, 24 (82.8%) had IWIs. Group A thus had statistically lower IWI positivity rates than group B (p = 0.02). Three patients (37.5%) in group A had cortical watershed infarctions (CWIs), while 27 patients in group B (93.1%) had CWIs. Group A thus had a significantly lower CWI positivity rate than group B (p = 0.002). Conclusion: In patients with mildly symptomatic ICA occlusion, CWIs and IWIs might be key signs for predicting neurological deterioration after hospitalization.
      Cerebrovasc Dis Extra 2020;10:76–83
      PubDate: Wed, 29 Jul 2020 07:41:31 +020
  • Measurement of Intraoperative Graft Flow Predicts Radiological
           Hyperperfusion during Bypass Surgery in Patients with Moyamoya Disease

    • Abstract: Introduction: Moyamoya disease (MMD) is a rare cerebrovascular disease associated with cerebral infarction or hemorrhage. Hyperperfusion is the most significant complication of direct bypass surgery. Previous research has shown that an increase in cerebral blood flow (CBF) is strongly related to symptomatic hyperperfusion and highlighted the importance of postoperative assessment of CBF. Objective: The principal aims of this study were to quantitatively analyze the relationship between intraoperative graft flow and increase in CBF and to evaluate the effectiveness of intraoperative graft flow measurement during bypass surgery for patients with MMD. Methods: This study included 91 surgeries in 67 consecutive adult patients with MMD who underwent direct revascularization surgery at our institution between November 2013 and September 2018. Intraoperative graft flow of the branches and main trunk was measured in all patients, after anastomosis had been established. Postoperative CBF measurements were performed under sedation, immediately after surgery. Radiological hyperperfusion was defined as focal high uptake, as determined by CBF imaging immediately after surgery. Patients were divided into two groups (radiological hyperperfusion and nonradiological hyperperfusion groups), and the relationship between intraoperative graft flow and radiological hyperperfusion was analyzed. Results: Significant differences were observed between the radiological hyperperfusion and nonradiological hyperperfusion groups in terms of intraoperative graft flow of both the branch (median 72 vs. 42 mL/min, respectively; p #x3c; 0.01) and main trunk (median 113 vs. 68 mL/min, respectively; p #x3c; 0.01). A receiver-operating characteristic analysis was performed to test the utility of intraoperative flow as a quantitative measure. We set the cutoff values for the intraoperative branch and main trunk flow at 57 mL/min (sensitivity: 0.707, specificity: 0.702; area under the curve [AUC]: 0.773; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.675–0.871) and 84 mL/min (sensitivity: 0.667, specificity: 0.771; AUC: 0.78; 95% CI: 0.685–0.875), respectively. Conclusions: Measuring intraoperative graft flow during bypass surgery may be an effective means of predicting hyperperfusion and could serve to facilitate early therapeutic intervention such as strict blood pressure control.
      Cerebrovasc Dis Extra 2020;10:66–75
      PubDate: Wed, 29 Jul 2020 07:40:34 +020
  • High White Blood Cell Count Is a Risk Factor for Contrast-Induced
           Nephropathy following Mechanical Thrombectomy for Acute Ischemic Stroke

    • Abstract: Background: Although mechanical thrombectomy is a standard endovascular therapy for patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS), the incidence of and risk factors for contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) following mechanical thrombectomy are infrequently reported. Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence and risk factors for CIN following mechanical thrombectomy for AIS, and whether the incidence of CIN is related to a poor prognosis. Methods: We examined consecutive patients who underwent a mechanical thrombectomy in the period from January 2014 to March 2018. The patients’ clinical backgrounds, treatments, and clinical prognoses were analyzed. CIN was defined as an increase in the serum creatinine level of ≥44.2 μmol/L (0.5 mg/dL) or 25% above baseline within 72 h after exposure to the contrast medium. Results: In total, 80 patients (46 men and 34 women aged 74.5 ± 11.5 years) who met our inclusion criteria were analyzed. CIN occurred in 8.8% (7/80) of the patients following mechanical thrombectomy. Although no patients needed permanent dialysis, 1 required temporary dialysis. The median amount of contrast medium was 109 mL. A comparison between the groups with and without CIN showed a significant difference in white blood cell (WBC) count at the time of admission (11.6 ± 2.7 × 103/μL and 8.1 ± 2.7 × 103/μL; p #x3c; 0.01) and the cut-off value was 9.70 × 103/μL. In multivariate analysis, contrast volume/estimated glomerular filtration rate by creatinine and WBC count were significantly associated with the incidence of CIN, with odds ratios of 1.64 (95% CI 1.02–2.65; p = 0.04) and 1.61 (95% CI 1.15–2.25; p #x3c; 0.01), respectively. Conclusions: This study found that CIN occurred in 8.8% of patients with AIS following mechanical thrombectomy. High WBC count was associated with an increased risk of CIN and may be helpful for predicting CIN.
      Cerebrovasc Dis Extra 2020;10:59–65
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Jul 2020 09:33:01 +020
  • Efficacy and Safety of Endovascular Treatment in Acute Tandem Carotid
           Occlusions: Analysis of a Single-Center Cohort

    • Abstract: Introduction: Acute ischemic strokes with tandem occlusions, which represent 10–20% of all ischemic strokes, have a particularly poor prognosis. Since emergent treatment of tandem lesions has not been specifically addressed in randomized trials, there is an absence of standardized management. Objective: We sought to assess the efficacy and safety of acute endovascular treatment in stroke due to tandem occlusions in our center and compare the results with previous reports. Methods: From a prospective registry we analyzed data of 99 consecutive patients (males: 77.7%, mean age ± SD: 67.5 ± 9.5 years) with stroke due to tandem occlusions who underwent treatment with emergent carotid stenting and intracranial mechanical thrombectomy. Successful recanalization was defined as a TICI score of 2b-3 and a good functional outcome was defined as a modified Rankin scale score ≤2 at 90 days. Symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH) was considered when associated with worsening on the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (≥4 points). Results: A successful recanalization rate was achieved in 87.8 and 48.5% of the patients had a good functional outcome. sICH and mortality rates were 12.1 and 20.2%, respectively, and 21.2% of the patients received combined treatment with intravenous thrombolysis, which did not affect neither the prognosis nor the recanalization or sICH rates. The time from symptom onset to recanalization and the degree of recanalization were the main factors associated with prognosis and the occurrence of sICH. Conclusions: Our results suggest that endovascular treatment with emergent carotid stenting and intracranial thrombectomy in patients with acute stroke due to tandem occlusions is an effective and safe procedure.
      Cerebrovasc Dis Extra 2020;10:50–58
      PubDate: Wed, 24 Jun 2020 15:59:26 +020
  • Rates and Determinants for the Use of Anticoagulation Treatment before
           Stroke in Patients with Known Atrial Fibrillation

    • Abstract: Introduction and Objective: Even though the introduction of less cumbersome anticoagulant agents has improved, the rates ofoverall anticoagulant treatment in eligible patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) remain to be defined. We aimed to assess the rates of and determinants for the use of anticoagulation treatment before stroke in patients with known AF since the introduction of direct oral anticoagulants (DOAC) in clinical practice. Methods: Consecutive patients admitted to an individual stroke unit, from September 2013 through July 2019, for acute ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) with known AF before the event were included in the study. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify independent predictors of the use of anticoagulant treatment. Results: Overall, 155 patients with ischemic stroke/TIA and known AF were included in this study. Among 152 patients with a CHA2DS2-VASc score #x3e;1, 43 patients were not receiving any treatment, 47 patients were receiving antiplatelet agents, and the remaining 62 patients were on oral anticoagulants. Among 34 patients on DOAC, 13 were receiving a nonlabeled reduced dose and 18 out of 34 patients on vitamin K antagonists had an INR value #x3c;2 at the time of admission. Before stroke, only 34 out of 155 patients (21.9%) were adequately treated according to current guidelines. Previous stroke/TIA was the only independent predictor of the use of anticoagulant therapy. Conclusions: Only 21.9% of the patients hospitalized for a stroke or TIA with known AF before the event were adequately treated according to recent treatment guidelines. It is important to improve medical information about the risk of AF and the efficacy of anticoagulants in stroke prevention.
      Cerebrovasc Dis Extra 2020;10:44–49
      PubDate: Wed, 06 May 2020 09:20:38 +020
  • The Hyperdense Middle Cerebral Artery Sign in Drip-and-Ship Models of
           Acute Stroke Management

    • Abstract: Background: Large vessel occlusion (LVO) leads to debilitating stroke and responds modestly to recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-TPA). Early thrombectomy improves functional outcomes in selected patients with proximal occlusion but it is not available in all medical facilities. The best imaging modality for triage in an acute stroke setting in drip-and-ship models is still the subject of debate. Objectives: We aimed to assess the diagnostic value of millimeter-sliced noncontrast computed tomography (NCCT) hyperdense middle cerebral artery sign (HMCAS) in itself or associated with clinical data for early detection of LVO in drip-and-ship models of acute stroke management. Methods: NCCT of patients admitted to the Erasme Hospital, ULB, Brussels, Belgium, for suspicion of acute ischemic stroke between January 1 and July 31, 2017, were collected. Patients with brain hemorrhages were excluded, leading to 122 cases. The presence of HMCAS on NCCT was determined via visual assessment by 6 raters blinded to all other data. An independent rater assessed the presence of LVO on digital subtraction angiography imaging or contrast-enhanced CT angiography (CTA). The sensitivity, false-positive rate (FPR), and accuracy of HMCAS and the dot sign to detect LVO were calculated. The interobserver agreement of HMCAS was assessed using Gwet’s AC1 coefficient. Then, on a separate occasion, the first 2 observers rereviewed all NCCT provided with clinical clues. The sensitivity, FPR, and accuracy of HMCAS were recalculated. Results: HMCAS was found in 21% of the cases and a dot sign was found in 9%. The mean HMCAS sensitivity was 62% (95% CI 45–79%) and its accuracy was 86% (95% CI 79–92%) for detecting LVO. The interobserver reliability coefficient was 80% for HMCAS. Combined with clinical information, HMCAS sensitivity increased to 81% (95% CI 68–94; p = 0.041) and accuracy increased to 91% (95% CI 86–96%). Conclusion: When clinical data are provided, detection of HMCAS on thinly sliced NCCT could be enough to decide on transfer for thrombectomy in drip-and-ship models of acute stroke management, especially in situations where CTA is less available and referral centers for thrombectomy fewer and further apart.
      Cerebrovasc Dis Extra 2020;10:36–43
      PubDate: Tue, 28 Apr 2020 14:48:20 +020
  • Does Intravenous Thrombolysis Influence the Time of Recanalization and
           Success of Mechanical Thrombectomy during the Acute Phase of Cerebral

    • Abstract: Objectives: Mechanical thrombectomy (MT) is an effective treatment for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) caused by large vessel occlusion. Recanalization time is a key factor in the treatment of AIS. It has previously been suggested that intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) may be associated with a shorter recanalization time. The aim of our study was to investigate whether IVT or other factors could be associated with shorter or longer MT procedure times. Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of a local cohort of patients treated by MT. We collected procedure time (puncture to recanalization and clot visualization to recanalization), demographic data, localization of the thrombus, antithrombotic treatment at arrival, IVT infusion, and stroke subtype at discharge according to the TOAST classification. We planned to analyze the full cohort and the successful revascularization subgroup. Results: There was no difference in procedure times between patients who received IVT and those who did not. In the successful revascularization subgroup, patients presenting with cardioembolic stroke had a significantly shorter time between clot visualizations and revascularization than the other patients (41 vs. 56 min, p = 0.024), but this was not the case in the full cohort. Also in the successful revascularization subgroup, the revascularization time was 76 vs. 61 min (p = 0.075) in patients presenting with tandem occlusion vs. the others, but there was no difference between these groups in the full cohort. Conclusions: There was no difference in terms of procedure times in patients treated by IVT and MT vs. patients treated by MT alone either in the full cohort or in the successful revascularization subgroup. The data from the successful revascularization subgroup may be useful for studying revascularization times, provided that data from procedures that were stopped prematurely by the operator due to the length of time since symptom onset is removed.
      Cerebrovasc Dis Extra 2020;10:28–35
      PubDate: Tue, 28 Apr 2020 14:47:31 +020
  • Cognitive Impairment Correlates Linearly with Mean Flow Velocity by
           Transcranial Doppler below a Definable Threshold

    • Abstract: Introduction: Low cerebral blood flow can affect cognition in patients with high-grade asymptomatic internal carotid artery stenosis. Current clinical algorithms use stroke risk to determine which patients should undergo revascularization without considering cognitive decline. Although correlations between low-flow and cognitive impairment have been reported, it is not known whether a threshold exists below which such a correlation expresses itself. Such information would be critical in treatment decisions about whether to intervene in patients with high-grade carotid artery stenosis who are at risk for cognitive decline. Objective: To determine how reduced blood flow correlates with lower cognitive scores. Methods: Patients with ≥80% unilateral internal carotid artery stenosis with no history of stroke were recruited from inpatient and outpatient practices at a single, large, comprehensive stroke center. Patients underwent bilateral insonation of middle cerebral arteries with standard 2-Hz probes over the temporal windows with transcranial Doppler. Cognitive assessments were performed by an experienced neuropsychologist using a cognitive battery comprising 14 standardized tests with normative samples grouped by age. Z-scores were generated for each test and averaged to obtain a composite Z-score for each patient. Multivariable linear regression examined associations between mean flow velocity (MFV) and composite Z-score, adjusting for age, education, and depression. The Davies test was used to determine if there was a breakpoint for a non-zero difference in slope of a segmented relationship over the range of composite Z-score values. Results: Forty-two patients with unilateral high-grade internal carotid artery stenosis without stroke were enrolled (26 males, age = 74 ± 9 years, education = 16 ± 3 years). Average composite Z-score was –0.31 SD below the age-specific normative mean (range –2.8 to +1.2 SD). In linear regression adjusted for age, education, and depression, MFV correlated with cognitive Z-score (β = 0.308, p = 0.043). A single breakpoint in the range of composite Z-scores was identified at 45 cm/s. For MFV #x3c;45 cm/s, Z-score decreased 0.05 SD per cm/s MFV (95% CI: 0.01–0.10). For MFV #x3e;45 cm/s, Z-score change was nonsignificant (95% CI: –0.07 to 0.05). Conclusions: In high-grade, asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis, cognitive impairment correlated linearly with lower flow in the hemisphere fed by the occluded internal carotid artery, but only below a threshold of MFV = 45 cm/s. Identifying a hemodynamic threshold for cognitive decline using a simple, noninvasive method may influence revascularization decision-making in otherwise “asymptomatic” carotid disease.
      Cerebrovasc Dis Extra 2020;10:21–27
      PubDate: Tue, 14 Apr 2020 08:20:14 +020
  • Biomarkers Associated with Atrial Fibrillation in Patients with Ischemic
           Stroke: A Pilot Study from the NOR-FIB Study

    • Abstract: Background and Purpose: Cardioembolic stroke due to paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) may account for 1 out of 4 cryptogenic strokes (CS) and transient ischemic attacks (TIAs). The purpose of this pilot study was to search for biomarkers potentially predicting incident AF in patients with ischemic stroke or TIA. Methods: Plasma samples were collected from patients aged 18 years and older with ischemic stroke or TIA due to AF (n = 9) and large artery atherosclerosis (LAA) with ipsilateral carotid stenosis (n = 8) and age- and sex-matched controls (n = 10). Analyses were performed with the Olink technology simultaneously measuring 184 biomarkers of cardiovascular disease. For bioinformatics, acquired data were analyzed using gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA). Selected proteins were validated using ELISA. Individual receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and odds ratios from logistic regression were calculated. A randomForest (RF) model with out-of-bag estimate was applied for predictive modeling. Results: GSEA indicated enrichment of proteins related to inflammatory response in the AF group. Interleukin (IL)-6, growth differentiation factor (GDF)-15, and pentraxin-related protein PTX3 were the top biomarkers on the ranked list for the AF group compared to the LAA group and the control group. ELISA validated increased expression of all tested proteins (GDF-15, PTX3, and urokinase plasminogen activator surface receptor [U-PAR]), except for IL-6. 19 proteins had the area under the ROC curve (AUC) over 0.85 including all of the proteins with significant evolution in the logistic regression. AUCs were very discriminant in distinguishing patients with and without AF (LAA and control group together). GDF-15 alone reached AUC of 0.95. Based on RF model, all selected participants in the tested group were classified correctly, and the most important protein in the model was GDF-15. Conclusions: Our results demonstrate an association between inflammation and AF and that multiple proteins alone and in combination may potentially be used as indicators of AF in CS and TIA patients. However, further studies including larger samples sizes are needed to support these findings. In the ongoing NOR-FIB study, we plan further biomarker assessments in patients with CS and TIA undergoing long-term cardiac rhythm monitoring with insertable cardiac monitors.
      Cerebrovasc Dis Extra 2020;10:11–20
      PubDate: Thu, 06 Feb 2020 07:54:39 +010
  • Weather Fluctuations May Have an Impact on Stroke Occurrence in a Society:
           A Population-Based Cohort Study

    • Abstract: Background: Stroke has been found to have a seasonally varying incidence; blood pressure, one of its risk factors, is influenced by humidity and temperature. The relationship between the incidence of stroke and meteorological parameters remains controversial. Objective: We investigated whether meteorological conditions are significant risk factors for stroke, focusing on the fluctuation of weather elements that triggers the onset of stroke. Methods: We collected ambulance transportation data recorded by emergency personnel from Gifu Prefecture. We included cases where the cause of the transportation was stroke and excluded cases of trauma. We combined these data with meteorological data as well as data on average temperature, average air pressure, and humidity provided publicly by the Japan Meteorological Agency. Our target period was from January 2012 to December 2016. Results: In the 5-year target period, there were 5,501 occurrences of ambulance transportation due to stroke. A seasonal tendency was confirmed, since ambulance transportation for stroke occurred more frequently at low temperatures (p #x3c; 0.001). Temperature (odds ratio: 0.91; p #x3c; 0.001) and humidity change (odds ratio: 1.50; p = 0.016) were identified as risk factors for ambulance transportation due to stroke. An increase in temperature incurs a lower risk than a decrease (odds ratio: 0.58; p = 0.09), although there is no statistically significant difference. Conclusions: Meteorological effects on the frequency of ambulance transportation due to stroke were studied. A lower temperature and radical humidity change were identified as risk factors for ambulance transportation due to stroke, and a decrease in temperature was also associated. We speculate on the possibilities of using meteorological data to optimize the assignment of limited medical resources in medical economics.
      Cerebrovasc Dis Extra 2020;10:1–10
      PubDate: Wed, 05 Feb 2020 08:10:37 +010
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Heriot-Watt University
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