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CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (338 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 338 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Angiologica     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Cardiologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Acute Cardiac Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Adipositas - Ursachen, Folgeerkrankungen, Therapie     Hybrid Journal  
AJP Heart and Circulatory Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Aktuelle Kardiologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
American Heart Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
American Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American Journal of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Anales de Cirugia Vascular     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Anatolian Journal of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Angiología     Full-text available via subscription  
Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales de Cardiologie et d'Angéiologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
AORTA     Open Access  
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Cardiovascular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivos de cardiología de México     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Argentine Journal of Cardiology (English edition)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arrhythmia & Electrophysiology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Artery Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ARYA Atherosclerosis     Open Access  
ASAIO Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ASEAN Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Cardiovascular and Thoracic Annals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aswan Heart Centre Science & Practice Services     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atherosclerosis : X     Open Access  
Bangladesh Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Basic Research in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
BMC Cardiovascular Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Brain Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Canadian Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Cardiac Cath Lab Director     Full-text available via subscription  
Cardiac Electrophysiology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cardiac Failure Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cardiocore     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiogenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Cardiology and Angiology: An International Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiology and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Cardiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Cardiology in Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cardiology in the Young     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Cardiology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cardiology Plus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Cardiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cardiorenal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiothoracic Surgeon     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CardioVasc     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular & Haematological Disorders - Drug Targets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Cardiovascular and Thoracic Open     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Diabetology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Cardiovascular Endocrinology & Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Cardiovascular Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cardiovascular Journal of Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Cardiovascular Medicine in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Cardiovascular Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cardiovascular Regenerative Medicine     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular System     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Cardiovascular Ultrasound     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Cerebrovascular Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra     Open Access  
Chest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 104)
Choroby Serca i Naczyń     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Circulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 270)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Circulation : Genomic and Precision Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Circulation : Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Circulation Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Cirugía Cardiovascular     Open Access  
Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis     Full-text available via subscription  
Clínica e Investigación en arteriosclerosis (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical and Experimental Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Clinical Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Research in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Research in Cardiology Supplements     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical Trials and Regulatory Science in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Congenital Heart Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Congestive Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cor et Vasa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Coronary Artery Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
CorSalud     Open Access  
Critical Pathways in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Cardiology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Cardiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Cardiovascular Imaging Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Current Heart Failure Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Hypertension Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Hypertension Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Opinion in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Current Problems in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Research : Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
CVIR Endovascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Der Kardiologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Echo Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Echocardiography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Egyptian Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Journal of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
ESC Heart Failure     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Cardiology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Heart Journal - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart Journal : Acute Cardiovascular Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal : Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
European Stroke Organisation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Folia Cardiologica     Open Access  
Forum Zaburzeń Metabolicznych     Hybrid Journal  
Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Future Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Global Cardiology Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Heart     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Heart     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Heart and Mind     Open Access  
Heart and Vessels     Hybrid Journal  
Heart Failure Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Heart Failure Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Heart International     Full-text available via subscription  
Heart Rhythm     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
HeartRhythm Case Reports     Open Access  
Hellenic Journal of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Herz     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Hypertension     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hypertension in Pregnancy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Hypertension Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ibrahim Cardiac Medical Journal     Open Access  
IJC Heart & Vessels     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJC Heart & Vasculature     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJC Metabolic & Endocrine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Indian Journal of Cardiovascular Disease in Women WINCARS     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal  
Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Innovations : Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Insuficiencia Cardíaca     Open Access  
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Cardiovascular Forum Journal     Open Access  
International Journal of Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Cardiology Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
International Journal of Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Hyperthermia     Open Access  
International Journal of Stroke     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
International Journal of the Cardiovascular Academy     Open Access  
Interventional Cardiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Interventional Cardiology Review     Open Access  
JACC : Basic to Translational Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
JACC : Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
JACC : Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
JACC : Heart Failure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
JAMA Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)

        1 2 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Cardiovascular Journal
Number of Followers: 6  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2071-0917
Published by Bangladesh Journals Online Homepage  [107 journals]
  • Two-Dimensional Speckle Tracking Echocardiography: Clinical Usefulness

    • Authors: HI Lutfur Rahman Khan
      Pages: 111 - 112
      Abstract: Abstract not availableCardiovasc. j. 2018; 10(2): 111-112
      PubDate: 2018-04-06
      DOI: 10.3329/cardio.v10i2.36276
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2018)
  • Gender Differences in Clinical, Angiographic and Procedural Profiles
           between Young Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome undergoing
           Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

    • Authors: Fathima Aaysha Cader, Afzalur Rahman, Mohammad Ullah, Mohammad Arifur Rahman, Md Sarwar Alam, Sahela Nasrin, Abdul Momen, Samir Kumar Kundu, Shubhra Chakraborty, Poppy Bala
      Pages: 113 - 120
      Abstract: Background: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is increasingly prevalent among young patients, particularly in South Asia, where young patients are known to present with multiple risk factors and gender-based differences in angiographic profiles. This study aimed to compare gender differences in clinical, angiographic and procedural profiles between young patients with ACS undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).Methods: This prospective observational study was done at the National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases (NICVD) from April 2016 to March 2017. 190 young patients with ACS undergoing PCI were included. Clinical, angiographic and procedural variables were compared and statistically analyzed.Results: The mean age of young females and males was 43.8±6.9 years and 40.1±4.3 years respectively (p<<0.001). Young women had significantly more risk factors of hypertension (62.1% vs 33.7%, p<0.001) and diabetes (57.9% vs 31.6%, p<0.001) in comparison to young men. Smoking was significantly greater among young males (70.5% vs 0%, p<0.001). Young females had significantly better mean ejection fraction (EF) (48.4±9.3% vs 45.1±10.4%, p=0. 02). Left main coronary artery (3.2% vs. 1.1%, p=0.61) and left anterior descending artery (51.6% vs. 45.3%, p=0.38) were more frequently involved among young females. Young males showed angiographically more severe CAD and greater frequency of multivessel CAD with higher DVD (22.1%vs 18.9%, p=0.58) and TVD (18.9%vs 11.6%, p=0.15).Conclusion: Significantly more young women with ACS presented with hypertension and diabetes than young males. However, they had better ejection fraction and less severe angiographic profiles.Cardiovasc. j. 2018; 10(2): 113-120
      PubDate: 2018-04-06
      DOI: 10.3329/cardio.v10i2.36277
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2018)
  • Clinical Outcomes of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Octogenarians

    • Authors: Mohammad Arifur Rahman, Afzalur Rahman, Syed Nasir Uddin, Md AKM Monwarul Islam, Tariq Ahmed Chowdhury, Farhana Ahmed
      Pages: 121 - 125
      Abstract: Background: Octogenarians are high risk patients and largely under-represented in clinical trials. The use of evidence-based therapy is, therefore, lower in this age group, resulting in a reliance on non-evidence based decision making. The elderly usually have higher prevalence of co morbidities and more often experience complications during and after revascularization procedures.Methods: 212 patients with ischemic heart disease who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were divided into 2 groups according to age: ³80 years (n = 74) and < 80 years (n = 138). Baseline clinical characteristics, indications for coronary intervention, in hospital outcomes and 1 year outcome were obtained. Study endpoint was in hospital outcome (Renal impairment, MI, LVF, emergency revascularization, death) & 1 year follow up for myocardial infarction (MI), repeat revascularization and death.Results: Procedural success (TIMI III) were high in both groups, but still lower in the elderly as compared to younger group (95% vs. 97%, p=0.65).The elderly had higher incidence of post PCI bleeding, contrast induced nephropathy (CIN), MI, left ventricular failure (LVF) and death (9.5% vs.6.1%, 8.2% vs.3.7%, 6.8% vs.5.8%, 9.5% vs. 5.1% and 5.4%vs.3.6%, p=0.07). Whereas emergency revascularization were higher in younger group (5.4% vs. 6.5%, p=0.07). At 1 year MI and death were higher in elderly group (9.5% vs.6.5%, 6.8% vs.6.5% p=0.66), whereas repeat revascularization were higher in younger group (6.8% vs.8%, p= 0.66).Conclusion: Though immediate interventional procedure related complications are more in octogenarians, long term outcomes seem to be promising & comparable with younger counterparts.Cardiovasc. j. 2018; 10(2): 121-125
      PubDate: 2018-04-06
      DOI: 10.3329/cardio.v10i2.36278
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2018)
  • Prevalence of Risk Factors of non-communicable Diseases in an Adult
           Population of Rural Bangladesh

    • Authors: Palash Chandra Banik, M Mostafa Zaman, Jasimuddin Ahmed, Sohel Reza Choudhury, Mohammad Moniruzzaman
      Pages: 126 - 134
      Abstract: Background:A community based survey was carried out to determine the distribution of major noncommunicable diseases risk factors as well as to explore the detection and treatment rate of diabetes mellitus and hypertension in rural adult population of Bangladesh.Methods: The survey was done in2006 among 545 individualsaged 25 to 64 years randomly drawn from a village (Ekhlaspur under Chandpur district) of Bangladesh. Information on diet, physical activity, alcohol and tobacco, and treatment history for hypertension and diabetes were collected. Height, weight, waist circumference, blood pressure, capillary blood glucose and total cholesterol were measured.Results: There were 269 men and 276 women with the mean age of 43.9 years (standard deviation, 11.6 years). Six in ten (62.4%) of them used tobacco in some form (smoking or smokeless), 93.7% did not consume adequate fruits and vegetables (five servings or more), and 7.4% of them had low physical activity. More than 6% were overweight or obese (BMI ≥25kg/m2) and 10% had hypertension (blood pressure ≥140/ 90 mmHg or medication). Capillary blood measurement and history of medication combined provided a prevalence of 3.1% for diabetes while prevalence of hypercholesterolemia (≥240 mg/dL) was 2.9% based on capillary blood cholesterol level alone. Less than half of hypertensive and less than one-tenth diabetes subjects were receiving treatmentfor their respective conditions.Conclusions: Prevalence of noncommunicable diseases risk factorsis fairly high even in thisruralBangladeshi sample. Treatment rate for hypertension and diabetes is quite low. Interventionsshould address lifestyle changes and treatment of diabetes and hypertension.Cardiovasc. j. 2018; 10(2): 126-134
      PubDate: 2018-04-06
      DOI: 10.3329/cardio.v10i2.36279
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2018)
  • Association of TIMI Risk Score with Angiographic Severity of Coronary
           Artery Diseases and In-Hospital Outcome in Patient with STEMI Undergoing
           Primary PCI

    • Authors: Anup Kumar Howlader, Afzalur Rahman, Abdul Momen, Samir Kumar Kundu, Mohammad Khalilur Rahman Siddiqui, Sharadindu Shekhar Roy, ABM Riaz Kawsar, Bijoy Dutta
      Pages: 135 - 139
      Abstract: Background: The Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) risk score was developed as a bedside tool to stratify STEMI patients eligible for reperfusion by their mortality risk. The TIMI risk score has shown to provide good discrimination in predicting mortality at 30 days and even up to 365 days.Methods: By purposive sampling a total of 64 consecutive patients were considered. Coronary artery disease severity was assessed by Vessels Score. The in-hospital adverse outcomes looked for were heart failure, cardiogenic shock, ventricular arrhythmia, re-infarction, stroke and death. Study subject was divided into two groups on the basis of TIMI risk score. In group I - patients with low TIMI risk score (0- 4); in group II - Patients with high TIMI risk score (≥5).Results: Multi vessel involvement were less in low TIMI group 1 (3.1%) but much greater (p<0.05) in high TIMI group 9 (28.1%). Adverse outcome was present 10(31.3%) in high TIMI group and 2(6.3%) in low TIMI group (p=0.01).Conclusion: High TIMI risk score was associated with more adverse in hospital outcome in patients with STEMI who underwent primary PCI. This study also demonstrated that the TIMI risk score carried a significant positive correlation with the coronary artery disease severity.Cardiovasc. j. 2018; 10(2): 135-139
      PubDate: 2018-04-06
      DOI: 10.3329/cardio.v10i2.36280
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2018)
  • Foam Sclerotherapy and Laser Ablation of Varicose Veins: Newer Option in
           Bangladesh Perspective

    • Authors: Motiur Rahman Sarkar, Nazmul Hosain, Fazle Maruf, MA Quaiyum Chowdhury, - Anisuzzaman, GM Mokbul Hossain
      Pages: 140 - 144
      Abstract: Background: Varicose vein is one of the most common vascular conditions in the adult population. These are conventionally treated with surgical high ligation of Sapheno-femoral junction and stripping of Great Saphenous Vein (GSV) with multiple phlebectomy. The aim of this study was to highlight the technical considerations in performing endovenous laser ablation of varicose vein, understanding the importance and role of Duplex Machine and Tumescent anesthesia with evaluation of outcome.Methods: In this retrospective study we examined the records of 297 limbs of 220 patients operated at Vascular Care Centre at Dhaka, Bangladesh between October 2013 and October 2015. Among them 1 year follow up was performed in 118 patients. Patients were contacted through telephone calls and mobile SMSs with requests for follow up.Results: Vast majority of the patients had a smooth recovery. Significant pain was present in only 10% of patients for 1week after laser therapy and 3% of patients noted bruising in thigh for 2 weeks. Among the 118 patients who reported for follow up at 12 months, 113 (96%) showed effective persistent occlusion of GSV.Conclusion: EVLA of varicose vein is gaining popularity day by day in Bangladesh. It has become established as a safe and effective treatment option for varicosities caused by GSV incompetence. Foam sclerotherapy with Sodium tetradecyl sulphate replacing the multiple phlebectomy may be a suitable adjunct. Quick return to normal activities, fewer wound infections, less leg pain and leg bruising are strongly associated with these endovenous techniques compared with Saphenous vein stripping.Cardiovasc. j. 2018; 10(2): 140-144
      PubDate: 2018-04-06
      DOI: 10.3329/cardio.v10i2.36281
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2018)
  • Intraoperative Validation of Left Internal Mammary Artery Graft by
           Flourescence Imaging Technique

    • Authors: AM Asif Rahim, MAH Pervez, MG Kibria, MSH Talukder, A Zaman, QM Hoque
      Pages: 145 - 149
      Abstract: Background: In coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) left internal mammary artery (LIMA) is considered gold standard conduit of choice for myocardial revascularization. Graft failure following CABG reduces cardiac mortality and morbidity both in short and long term. Although conventional angiography is gold standard for assessing graft patency but rarely available in same operating room. So intraoperative florescence imaging could be an efficient and reliable method of assessing the patency of graft.Methods: This study was conducted between July 2013 to June 2014 in the Department of Cardiac Surgery of National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases (NICVD). Thirty six LIMA grafts were assessed by using IFI system .ICG administered through CVP line and imaging acquired during pass of the ICG through field of view graft flow. Quality of anastomosis was intra operatively to validate graft.Results: Mean age of study population was 54±8.38 years. Per operative assessment of LIMA to left anterior descending artery revealed 32 (88.8%) patent anastomosis, narrowing of anastomosis was found in 2 (5.55% ) patients.Conclusion: Intraoperative fluorescence imaging is an effective and inexpensive way to validate patency of LIMA graft.Cardiovasc. j. 2018; 10(2): 145-149
      PubDate: 2018-04-06
      DOI: 10.3329/cardio.v10i2.36282
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2018)
  • Evaluation of Body Mass Index as a Factor of Outcome in Coronary Artery
           Bypass Surgery

    • Authors: Mohammad Jahangir Alam, Imran Ahmed, Razia Begum, Kazi Al Hosne Jamil, Shahriar Moinuddin
      Pages: 150 - 157
      Abstract: Background: Obesity is supposed to be a risk factor for patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) increasing risk of in-hospital mortality and postoperative morbidity. So, this study was conducted to evaluate the outcome of CABG in obese patients in Bangladesh.Methods: This prospective clinical trial was undertaken in the Department of Cardiac Surgery, National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Dhaka, Bangladesh from January 2015 to December 2016. A total of 60 consecutive patients were selected for CABG operation and their outcome measured against pre-set variables. Body mass index (BMI) 25kg/m2was considered as cut off value between obese and non-obese patients.Results: Mortality after CABG surgery was 9.5% in obese group and 10.3% in non-obese group (p= 0.976) showing no significant difference but average hospital stay was more in obese group (10.2 + 25 days) than non-obese group (8.3 +3.7 days), p=0.489. Sternal would infection (50.0% &8.69%) and conduit harvest site infection (35.7% &4.34%) is also more in obese group but not significant statistically (p= 0.064 & 0.084 respectively).Conclusion: Patients with a BMI higher than normal are not at greater risk of in-hospital mortality after CABG. But obese patients should be more cared in post operative period for sternal and conduit harvest site infection as infection is more in obese patients.Cardiovasc. j. 2018; 10(2): 150-157
      PubDate: 2018-04-06
      DOI: 10.3329/cardio.v10i2.36283
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2018)
  • Prediction of Reperfusion and Infarct Related Artery Patency after
           Thrombolysis in Acute Anterior Myocardial Infarction by Degree of P Wave
           Dispersion on ECG

    • Authors: Md Monir Hossain Khan, Md Afzalur Rahman, Abdullah Al Shafi Majumder, Khondker Shaheed Hussain, Md Toufiqur Rahman, Md Monsurul Haque, Mohammad Ullah, Mohammad Khalilur Rahman Siddiqui, Md Sariful Islam, Md Azijur Rahman
      Pages: 158 - 163
      Abstract: Background: Early detection IRA patency following thrombolytic therapy is of great importance in terms of prognosis and identification of candidates for rescue percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). P wave dispersion (PWD), a new parameter measured before and after thrombolytic therapy is supposed to predict successful reperfusion in patients with anterior acute myocardial infarction (AMI).Methods: 132 patients were selected and divided into two groups on the basis of ST Segment resolution (STR) after 120 minutes of thrombolysis. Group I: patients with STR >70%; Group II: patients with STR < 70%. P wave dispersion was measured in both groups before and after thrombolysis. All patients underwent coronary angiography (CAG). IRA was considered patent if TIMI flow grade was e”2.Results: It was observed that diabetes mellitus and dyslipidemia were significantly higher in group II patients (p=0.04 and p=0.03, respectively). PWD before thrombolysis (PWD0) and 90 minutes after thrombolysis (PWD90) in both groups were statistically insignificant (p=0.45 and p=0.19, respectively). The mean level of PWD120 was statistically significant (p=0.001). After multivariate regression analysis PWD120 was found to be the significant predictor of IRA patency (OR = 1.101; 95% CI = 1.012 – 1.240; p = 0.01).Conclusion: P wave dispersion in patients receiving thrombolytic therapy can be a predictor of successful reperfusion and patent IRA. PWD values, in combination with other reperfusion parameters, can contribute to the identification of rescue PCI candidates.Cardiovasc. j. 2018; 10(2): 158-163
      PubDate: 2018-04-06
      DOI: 10.3329/cardio.v10i2.36285
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2018)
  • Association between Neutrophil to Lymphocyte Ratio and Severity of
           Coronary Artery Disease in Chronic Stable Angina

    • Authors: Ratan Kumar Datta, Md Mamunur Rashid, MG Azam, Md Salahuddin Ulubbi, Mohammad Khalilur Rahman Siddiqui, Pranob Karmaker, Morshedul Ahsan, Jatindra Nath Saha, Muhammad Azmol Hossain, Abul Hasnat Md Jafar
      Pages: 164 - 170
      Abstract: Background: Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been proposed as a new prognostic marker in patients with chronic stable angina (CSA). NLR is a cheap, easily available, non-invasive and routinely done procedure to predict the severity of coronary artery disease.Methods: 110 patients with stable coronary artery disease were evaluated to calculate the NLR from January, 2016 to September, 2016. The patients were divided into two groups: Group I NLR>2.38 and group II NLRd”2.38. Coronary angiogram was done during index hospitalization. The severity of the coronary artery disease was assessed by vessel score and Gensini score and was compared between the groups.Results: NLR was significantly higher in the group of high vessel score and high Gensini score. We found significant weak association between NLR and vessel score (r=0.30, p=0.004) and a moderate positive correlation between NLR and Gensini score (r =0.65, P=0.001). With the increase of NLR, vessel score and Gensini score increases demonstrating more severe coronary artery disease. Univariate logistic regression analysis of variables of interest revealed that age, hypertension, dyslipidemia, serum creatinine, total WBC count and NLR were independent predictor of severe coronary artery disease with odds ratio (OR) being 1.88, 3.93, 5.01, 5.54, 4.05 and 5.70 respectively. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, after adjustment of factors NLR remain independent predictors of severe CSA (OR = 5.73; p = 0.002).Conclusion: Increased neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio is associated with angiographically severe coronary artery disease in chronic stable angina and this association is independent of conventional cardiovascular risk factors.Cardiovasc. j. 2018; 10(2): 164-170
      PubDate: 2018-04-06
      DOI: 10.3329/cardio.v10i2.36286
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2018)
  • Atrial fibrillation after Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery with and without
           Cardiopulmonary Bypass

    • Authors: Md Rezaul Karim, Tawfiq Ahmed, Shahriar Moinuddin, Tariq Ahmed Chowdhury, Moshfequre Rahman Khan
      Pages: 171 - 179
      Abstract: Background:Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common postoperative supraventricular arrhythmi. 20% to 40% of patients have AF after coronary artery bypass operation (CABG).Arrhythmia of all grades may occur due to cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and injuries inflicted during operativeprocedures. Thus it has been proposed that CABG surgery would be safer if CPB could be avoided.Methods:Total 60 patients who underwentCABG were selected for the study and divided in two groups. Group A: 30 patients with Off-pump CABG (OPCAB) and Group B: 30 patients with On-pump CABG. 12 lead ECG was done at morning on the day of surgery, after surgery & when any arrhythmia are noted for at least 7days. Morbidity of patients like arrhythmia and hospital mortality were recorded and compared during the first week after surgery.Results:Off-pump group (group- A) had less incidence of post-operative AF than on-pump group(group-B) (10% vs 40%). Postoperative blood requirement,total operative time, the period of mechanical ventilation,ICU stay and total postoperative hospital stayis significantly shorter in off-pump than in on-pump group of patients.Conclusion: This study clearly demonstrates that off pump CABG procedure is associated with less incidence of AF. Therefore OPCAB procedure for myocardial revascularization is clearly justified whenever feasible.Cardiovasc. j. 2018; 10(2): 171-179
      PubDate: 2018-04-06
      DOI: 10.3329/cardio.v10i2.36288
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2018)
  • Factors Affecting Therapeutic Compliance among the Patients with Rheumatic
           Heart Disease in Bangladesh

    • Authors: Kakon Farzana, Mohammad Omar Faruque, Salma Zareen, Kamrun Nahar Choudhury, Ahmed Hossain
      Pages: 180 - 185
      Abstract: Background: Acute rheumatic fever (ARF) can recur as a result of subsequent Group A Streptococcus (GAS) infections and each recurrence can worsen Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) that has evoked a substantial disease burden in developing countries, including Bangladesh. The objective of this study was to determine the penicillin compliance for rheumatic fever patients.Methods: A matched cross sectional study was conducted among 160 patients in National Center for the Control of Rheumatic Fever and Heart Diseases (NCCRF/HD), Dhaka. Data was collected on face-to-face interview using a standard structured questionnaire about socio-demographic, clinical and behavioral factors. Descriptive and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to analyze the data.Results: The multiple logistic regression analyses indicated that duration of diagnosis>5 beyond the duration of diagnosis <5 years (OR=2.484, CI=1.170-5.421), age (OR=0.548,CI=0.217-0.574), sex (OR=0.916, CI=0.422-1.964), education (OR=1.963, CI= 0.737-05.361), marital status(OR=0.700, CI=0.272-1.774), fathers education (OR=0.482 CI=0.176 -1.279) and family member (OR= 0.619 CI= 0.2 97 -1.261) were significantly or almost significantly associated with RHD status.Conclusion: In this study, the identified risk groups for rheumatic heart disease reflect a complex interaction between socioeconomic conditions and chronic disease status. Interventions focused on education and poverty will undoubtedly be useful, but not sufficient. Rheumatic heart disease control would benefit from a collaboration of broad public health activities aimed at the prevention and control other chronic diseases. The integration of rheumatic heart disease control activities with non communicable disease programme is crucial in Bangladesh.Cardiovasc. j. 2018; 10(2): 180-185
      PubDate: 2018-04-06
      DOI: 10.3329/cardio.v10i2.36289
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2018)
  • Evaluation of Neurocognitive Dysfunction after Coronary Artery Bypass

    • Authors: Tawfiq Ahmed, Md Rezaul Karim, Jahangir Haider Khan, Shahriar Moinuddin
      Pages: 186 - 193
      Abstract: Objective: The Neurological injury is an important complication after coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG). The incidence of neurocognitive impairment after cardiac surgery varies from 20% to 80%. In this study we tried to analyze this difference of neurologic dysfunction between On-pump CABG and Off-pump CABG (OPCAB).Methods:This is a case control study done in National Institute of Cardiovascular Disease (NICVD), Dhaka during the period of July 2012 to June 2014. Sixty Patients with Ischemic heart disease were the study population. Group- A includes 30 patients underwent on pump CABG, Group-B 30 patients underwent OPCAB. All the patients of both the groups were followed up to 2 month’s postoperatively to find out any neurological and neurocognitive dysfunctionby observing motor function, sensory function,Mini Mantel state (MMS) Examination, orientation, memory, attention and calculation, recall and language test.Results: Neurocognitive dysfunction in the early postoperative period is significantly different among the groups.Neurocognitive dysfunction was more in Group A in comparison to Group B, On 3rd and 8th POD the MINI Mental Scores were found to be significantly lower in On-pump group than those in Off-pump group (22.0 ± 5.28 vs. 25.67 ± 3.34, p = 0.002 and 25.93 ± 3.11 vs. 26.63 ± 2.50, p = 0.023 respectively).This neurocognitive dysfunction gradually improved by the end of two month postoperative period. Only 6.66% patient in Group-A was found neurocognitically dysfunctional and was referred to neurophysician for further treatment. In case of OPCAB Group, no patient suffered fromneuorocognitive dysfunction.Conclusion: This study has convincingly shown cardio-pulmonary bypass (CPB) has had detrimental effect on neurocognitive function in patients who underwent CABG.Cardiovasc. j. 2018; 10(2): 186-193
      PubDate: 2018-04-06
      DOI: 10.3329/cardio.v10i2.36290
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2018)
  • Total Correction of Tetralogy of Fallot: Effect of Transannular Patch on
           Early Outcome

    • Authors: Md Azizul Islam Khan, Kazi Abul Hasan, ABM Abdus Salam, Quazi Abul Azad, Sadia Sajmin Siddiqua, Md Zahidul Islam, Saira Khan, Md Sajedul Bari
      Pages: 194 - 200
      Abstract: Background: It is arguable whether presence of transannular patch is itself a risk factor for adverse outcome at total correction(repair) of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF).This study intended to compare early outcome of intact pulmonary valve annulus with transannular patching at repair of TOF.Methods: This prospective observational study was conducted from July 2015 to January 2017.40 patients were enrolled in 2 groups- A & B.In group A,14 patients with intact pulmonary valve annulus& in group B, 26 patients with transannular patch. The diameter of pulmonary valve annulus was measured with Hegar dilator and Z value of the measured diameter were calculated from an established published nomogram. Transannular patch was placed if Z value of annular diameter < -3 or post repair operative room right ventricle/left ventricle pressure ratio (P RV/LV)> 0.7.Patients were monitored in the intensive care unit(ICU) and followed up for 3 months following discharge from hospital.Results: Patients of group B were younger and smaller body surface area. There were no significant difference of preoperative variables in terms of peripheral arterial oxygen saturation(SpO2%), haematocrit (%),NYHA functional class, right ventricular hypertrophy, and level & severity of right ventricular out flow tract obstruction. Early out come in terms of duration of ventilation time, inotrope support & ICU stay; post operative morbidity & mortality were more in group B than group A patients. Pulmonary regurgitation & right ventricular dysfunction following transannular patch at repair of TOF plays important role for adverse outcome.Conclusion: Transannular patch is associated with higher morbidity and mortality in total correction of Tetralogy of Fallot.Cardiovasc. j. 2018; 10(2): 194-200
      PubDate: 2018-04-06
      DOI: 10.3329/cardio.v10i2.36291
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2018)
  • Association of Ankle-Brachial Index with the Angiographic Severity of
           Patient with Coronary Artery Disease

    • Authors: Abul Hasnat Md Jafar, Md Abdul Kader Akanda, Md Khalequzzaman, Sanjib Chowdhury, Muhammad Azmol Hossain, Sharadindu Shekhar Roy, Abeeda Tasnim Reza, Khondker Rafiquzzaman, Ratan Kumar Datta, Md Minhaj Arefin, Fathima Aaysha Cader
      Pages: 201 - 205
      Abstract: Background: The Ankle-Brachial Index has been shown to be a good marker of systemic atherosclerosis and a powerful indicator of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality This study evaluated the relation of ABI with the angiographic severity of patient with coronary artery disease.Methods: This is a hospital based cross-sectional analytical study. 100 adult Bangladeshi patients who were admitted and underwent coronary angiography according to inclusion and exclusion criteria were the study population. All patient’s ABI were measured and coronary angiography were done. Patients were divided into two groups according to ABI. Group I with ABI >0.90 and group II with ABI <0.90.Results: In group I 65(82.2%) were men and 16(19.8%) were women. In group II 18(94.7%) patients were men and 1(5.3%) was women. Significant co-relation was found between low ABI and severity of CAD. Low ABI group showed more severe form of CAD with higher prevalence of triple vessel diseases, significant stenosis and more involvement of left main (LM) and left anterior descending(LAD)artery. Single vessel disease was found more with normal ABI. Hypertension, diabetes mellitus and Low ABI showed predictors of significant severe stenosis of coronary arteries.Conclusion: Low ankle brachial index is a predictor of the severity of coronary artery disease. So it could be incorporated in our day to day clinical cardiology practice as non-invasive, bedside test to assess and predict the severity of coronary artery disease.Cardiovasc. j. 2018; 10(2): 201-205
      PubDate: 2018-04-06
      DOI: 10.3329/cardio.v10i2.36293
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2018)
  • Rheumatic Fever and Rheumatic Heart Diseases in Bangladesh: Challenges and

    • Authors: Mohammad Arifur Rahman, Afzalur Rahman, Syed Nasir Uddin, AKM Monwarul Islam, Tariq Ahmed Chowdhury, Farhana Ahmed, Sharadindu Shekhar Ray, Delwar Hossain, Laila Farzana
      Pages: 206 - 211
      Abstract: In the 21st century, Rheumatic fever (RF) and Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) are neglected diseases of marginalized communities. Globally, RHD remains the most-common cardiovascular disease in young people aged <25 years. Although RF and RHD have been almost eradicated in areas with established economies, migration from low-income to high-income settings might be responsible for a new burden of RHD in high-income countries. Globally, the prevalence of rheumatic fever (RF) and rheumatic heart disease (RHD) has declined sharply but, in developing countries, RF is still aleading cause of heart disease and, consequently, death in children and young adults. In 2005, it was estimated that over 2.4 million children aged 5-14 years were having RHD globally and 79% of all these cases were from lessdeveloped countries.Cardiovasc. j. 2018; 10(2): 206-211
      PubDate: 2018-04-06
      DOI: 10.3329/cardio.v10i2.36294
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2018)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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