Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8669 journals)
    - ALLERGOLOGY AND IMMUNOLOGY (218 journals)
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CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (338 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 338 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Angiologica     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Cardiologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Acute Cardiac Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Adipositas - Ursachen, Folgeerkrankungen, Therapie     Hybrid Journal  
AJP Heart and Circulatory Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Aktuelle Kardiologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
American Heart Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
American Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American Journal of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Anales de Cirugia Vascular     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Anatolian Journal of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Angiología     Full-text available via subscription  
Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales de Cardiologie et d'Angéiologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
AORTA     Open Access  
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Cardiovascular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivos de cardiología de México     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Argentine Journal of Cardiology (English edition)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arrhythmia & Electrophysiology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Artery Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ARYA Atherosclerosis     Open Access  
ASAIO Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ASEAN Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Cardiovascular and Thoracic Annals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aswan Heart Centre Science & Practice Services     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atherosclerosis : X     Open Access  
Bangladesh Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Basic Research in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
BMC Cardiovascular Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Brain Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Canadian Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Cardiac Cath Lab Director     Full-text available via subscription  
Cardiac Electrophysiology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cardiac Failure Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cardiocore     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiogenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Cardiology and Angiology: An International Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiology and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Cardiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Cardiology in Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cardiology in the Young     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Cardiology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cardiology Plus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Cardiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cardiorenal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiothoracic Surgeon     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CardioVasc     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular & Haematological Disorders - Drug Targets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Cardiovascular and Thoracic Open     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Diabetology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Cardiovascular Endocrinology & Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Cardiovascular Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cardiovascular Journal of Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Cardiovascular Medicine in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Cardiovascular Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cardiovascular Regenerative Medicine     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular System     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Cardiovascular Ultrasound     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Cerebrovascular Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra     Open Access  
Chest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 103)
Choroby Serca i Naczyń     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Circulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 267)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Circulation : Genomic and Precision Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Circulation : Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Circulation Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Cirugía Cardiovascular     Open Access  
Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis     Full-text available via subscription  
Clínica e Investigación en arteriosclerosis (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical and Experimental Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Clinical Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Research in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Research in Cardiology Supplements     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical Trials and Regulatory Science in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Congenital Heart Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Congestive Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cor et Vasa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Coronary Artery Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
CorSalud     Open Access  
Critical Pathways in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Cardiology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Cardiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Cardiovascular Imaging Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Current Heart Failure Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Hypertension Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Hypertension Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Opinion in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Current Problems in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Research : Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
CVIR Endovascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Der Kardiologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Echo Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Echocardiography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Egyptian Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Journal of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
ESC Heart Failure     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Cardiology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Heart Journal - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart Journal : Acute Cardiovascular Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal : Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
European Stroke Organisation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Folia Cardiologica     Open Access  
Forum Zaburzeń Metabolicznych     Hybrid Journal  
Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Future Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Global Cardiology Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Heart     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Heart     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Heart and Mind     Open Access  
Heart and Vessels     Hybrid Journal  
Heart Failure Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Heart Failure Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Heart International     Full-text available via subscription  
Heart Rhythm     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
HeartRhythm Case Reports     Open Access  
Hellenic Journal of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Herz     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Hypertension     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hypertension in Pregnancy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Hypertension Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ibrahim Cardiac Medical Journal     Open Access  
IJC Heart & Vessels     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJC Heart & Vasculature     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJC Metabolic & Endocrine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Indian Journal of Cardiovascular Disease in Women WINCARS     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal  
Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Innovations : Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Insuficiencia Cardíaca     Open Access  
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Cardiovascular Forum Journal     Open Access  
International Journal of Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Cardiology Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
International Journal of Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Hyperthermia     Open Access  
International Journal of Stroke     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
International Journal of the Cardiovascular Academy     Open Access  
Interventional Cardiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Interventional Cardiology Review     Open Access  
JACC : Basic to Translational Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
JACC : Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
JACC : Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
JACC : Heart Failure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
JAMA Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)

        1 2 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Clinical Research in Cardiology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 2.237
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 5  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1861-0692 - ISSN (Online) 1861-0684
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2626 journals]
  • Instant rule-out of suspected non-ST-segment elevation myocardial
           infarction using high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T with Copeptin versus
           a single low high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T: findings from a large
           pooled individual data analysis on 10,329 patients
    • Abstract: Background Evidence is sparse and inconsistent on the role of a dual marker strategy (DMS) combining Copeptin with cardiac troponin T (cTnT) for instant rule-out of a non-ST-segment myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) when high sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) is used. Methods Data on 10,329 patients from 5 trials were pooled to evaluate initial Copeptin in combination with hs-cTnT against a single marker strategy (SMS) based on hs-cTnT < limit of detection. Endpoints were sensitivities and negative predictive values (NPV) for rule-out of NSTEMI, 30-day all-cause mortality and rates of applicability for DMS or SMS. Results NPV for rule-out of NSTEMI was high, exceeding 99.0% for the lower limits of the 95% confidence intervals (99.0% vs 99.2%) for DMS and SMS, and NPV for all cause death at 30 days was similar with very low mortality after rule-out [0.07% (0.0–0.4%) vs 0.0% (0.0–1.2%), p = 1.0], but applicability was 2.4-fold higher [64.6% (63.0–66.2%) vs 27.9% (26.2%—29.7%), p < 0.001] with DMS than SMS. In a secondary analysis on DMS after inclusion of high risk patients, performance and applicability were similar. Conclusion Findings corroborate the 2015 European Society of Cardiology recommendation to use dual marker strategy for instant rule-out of NSTEMI, extending evidence to hs-cTnT. Novel data demonstrate a comparably safe and effective instant rule-out with Copeptin in combination with hs-cTnT versus a single marker strategy based on very low hs-cTnT but a more than twofold higher applicability of the dual marker strategy without the need to exclude very early presenters or other important subgroups. Graphic abstract Dual marker strategy using hs-cTnT at 99th percentile and Copeptin versus ESC 0-h immediate rule-out based on hs-cTnT < limit of detection
      PubDate: 2020-07-15
       
  • Collateral damage: Fear from SARS-CoV2-infection causing Takotsubo
           cardiomyopathy
    • PubDate: 2020-07-13
       
  • Identifying very low-risk STEMI patients for early ICU discharge in the
           COVID-19 era
    • PubDate: 2020-07-13
       
  • Cardiac amyloidosis CT sign
    • PubDate: 2020-07-13
       
  • Response to paper by Tsioufis et al.
    • PubDate: 2020-07-10
       
  • Collateral damage of COVID-19-lockdown in Germany: decline of
           NSTE-ACS admissions
    • PubDate: 2020-07-10
       
  • Automatic positive airway pressure for obstructive sleep apnea in heart
           failure with reduced ejection fraction
    • Abstract: Background Moderate-to-severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is highly prevalent in heart failure patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (HFrEF), and is associated with worsening cardiac function and increased mortality. Objectives The automatic positive airway pressure (APAP) trial tested the impact of APAP treatment on changes for the pre-specified endpoints: changes in peak oxygen uptake (peak VO2), percent-predicted peak VO2 and oxygen uptake at anaerobic threshold (VO2-AT). Methods This randomized, controlled pilot study included patients with chronic, stable HFrEF who had moderate-to-severe OSA. Patients were randomized 1:1 to either APAP (AutoSet™, ResMed) or nasal strips (control) for 6 months. Results 76 patients have been randomized and 58 had complete data for final analysis. There was a statistically significant change in the APAP intervention arm for the primary endpoint percent-predicted peak VO2 in comparison to control (67 ± 17 to 73 ± 19%; p = 0.01). Additional primary endpoints peak VO2 and VO2-AT showed a trend in increase in the APAP group. Moreover, there were significant improvements within the APAP group for hypoxemia, left ventricular function and quality of life from baseline to 6 months, but not within the control group (p = 0.001 and p = 0.037, respectively). Conclusion APAP intervention was shown to significantly improve outcome compared to control group, represented in percent-predicted peak VO2, an established surrogate marker for cardiovascular prognosis in HFrEF. APAP has additional beneficial effects on hypoxemia, cardiac function and quality of life.
      PubDate: 2020-07-10
       
  • Effects of surgical and FFP2/N95 face masks on cardiopulmonary exercise
           capacity
    • Abstract: Background Due to the SARS-CoV2 pandemic, medical face masks are widely recommended for a large number of individuals and long durations. The effect of wearing a surgical and a FFP2/N95 face mask on cardiopulmonary exercise capacity has not been systematically reported. Methods This prospective cross-over study quantitated the effects of wearing no mask (nm), a surgical mask (sm) and a FFP2/N95 mask (ffpm) in 12 healthy males (age 38.1 ± 6.2 years, BMI 24.5 ± 2.0 kg/m2). The 36 tests were performed in randomized order. The cardiopulmonary and metabolic responses were monitored by ergo-spirometry and impedance cardiography. Ten domains of comfort/discomfort of wearing a mask were assessed by questionnaire. Results The pulmonary function parameters were significantly lower with mask (forced expiratory volume: 5.6 ± 1.0 vs 5.3 ± 0.8 vs 6.1 ± 1.0 l/s with sm, ffpm and nm, respectively; p = 0.001; peak expiratory flow: 8.7 ± 1.4 vs 7.5 ± 1.1 vs 9.7 ± 1.6 l/s; p < 0.001). The maximum power was 269 ± 45, 263 ± 42 and 277 ± 46 W with sm, ffpm and nm, respectively; p = 0.002; the ventilation was significantly reduced with both face masks (131 ± 28 vs 114 ± 23 vs 99 ± 19 l/m; p < 0.001). Peak blood lactate response was reduced with mask. Cardiac output was similar with and without mask. Participants reported consistent and marked discomfort wearing the masks, especially ffpm. Conclusion Ventilation, cardiopulmonary exercise capacity and comfort are reduced by surgical masks and highly impaired by FFP2/N95 face masks in healthy individuals. These data are important for recommendations on wearing face masks at work or during physical exercise.
      PubDate: 2020-07-06
       
  • Off-the-shelf barrier for emergency intubation in the cardiac
           catheterization laboratory during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
           pandemic
    • Abstract: Abstract With the spread of SARS-CoV-2, it is expected that cases of acute coronary syndrome in the setting of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) develop. As expensive and sophisticated protection devices are not widely available, we have been working on a simple, off-the-shelf protection device for endotracheal intubation of potentially infected patients. For this purpose, we used a large transparent plastic bag (such as the sterile protective cover of the lead glass shield) for protection from airborne infections. The cover is moved over the patient's head from cranial to caudal, covering the catheter table including the torso with no need for patient mobilization. The intubation is done conventionally under direct visual control.
      PubDate: 2020-07-04
       
  • The impact of SSRIs on mortality and cardiovascular events in patients
           with coronary artery disease and depression: systematic review and
           meta-analysis
    • Abstract: Background Depression is common in patients after acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) and has been associated with increased mortality and morbidity. However, it is unclear whether selective serotonin receptor inhibitors (SSRIs) reduce mortality or cardiac events in patients with CAD and depression. Objective We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the effects of SSRIs on cardiovascular events in depressed CAD patients. Methods The CENTRAL, MEDLINE, and PsycINFO databases were searched (April 2020) for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and extended follow-up analyses of RCTs that compared SSRIs with placebo or no intervention in patients with CAD and depression. The primary outcomes were all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality, and myocardial infarction incidence. The results were calculated through random-effect meta-analyses and reported in terms of risk ratio (RR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). Results We retrieved 8 RCTs (2 of which with extended follow-up analyses), comprising a total of 1148 patients. 7 studies only included post-ACS patients. SSRIs were associated with a significantly lower risk of myocardial infarction in patients with CAD and depression (RR 0.54, 95% CI 0.34–0.86), and in post-ACS patients with depression (RR 0.56, 95% CI 0.35–0.90). We found no statistically significant difference in all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality, hospitalizations, angina, congestive heart failure, or stroke incidence. Conclusion The use of SSRIs in post-ACS patients with depression was associated with a 44% relative risk reduction of myocardial infarction. No difference in mortality was found. Given that the quality of the evidence was low, further research is warranted.
      PubDate: 2020-07-02
       
  • Different vasoreactivity of arterial bypass grafts versus native coronary
           arteries in response to acetylcholine
    • Abstract: Background Coronary angiography is often performed in patients with recurrent angina after successful coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in search of the progression of atherosclerosis. However, in many of these patients, no relevant stenosis can be detected. We speculate that coronary spasm may be associated with angina in these patients. Methods From 2307 patients with unobstructed coronaries who underwent intracoronary acetylcholine spasm provocation testing (ACh-test) between 2012 and 2016, 54 consecutive patients who fulfilled the following inclusion criteria were included in this cohort study: previous left internal thoracic artery (LITA) bypass on the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery, ongoing/recurrent angina pectoris, no significant (< 50%) coronary artery or bypass stenosis. In all participants, the ACh-test was performed via the LITA bypass. Results In 14 patients (26%) the ACh-test elicited epicardial spasm of the LAD distal to the anastomosis (≥ 90% diameter reduction with reproduction of the patient’s symptoms and ischemic ECG shifts). Microvascular spasm (reproduction of symptoms and ischemic ECG-changes but no epicardial spasm) was seen in 30 patients (55%). The ACh-test was normal in the remaining 10 patients (19%). ACh-testing did not elicit any relevant vasoconstriction in the LITA bypasses in contrast to the LAD on quantitative coronary analyses (4.89 ± 7.36% vs. 52.43 ± 36.07%, p < 0.01). Conclusion Epicardial and microvascular coronary artery spasm are frequent findings in patients with ongoing or recurrent angina after CABG but no relevant stenosis. Vasoreactivity to acetylcholine is markedly different between LITA bypasses and native LAD arteries with vasoconstriction almost exclusively occurring in the LAD. Graphic abstract
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
       
  • Correction to: One‑year clinical outcomes in patients with renal
           insuffciency after contemporary PCI: data from a multicenter registry
    • Abstract: The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. The given name and family name of the fourth author Saaraaken Kulenthiran were switched in the original publication.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
       
  • Regression of cardiac amyloid load documented by cardiovascular magnetic
           resonance in a patient with hereditary amyloidosis
    • PubDate: 2020-07-01
       
  • Bioprofiles and mechanistic pathways associated with Cheyne-Stokes
           respiration: insights from the SERVE-HF trial
    • Abstract: Introduction The SERVE-HF trial included patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) with sleep-disordered breathing, randomly assigned to treatment with Adaptive-Servo Ventilation (ASV) or control. The primary outcome was the first event of death from any cause, lifesaving cardiovascular intervention, or unplanned hospitalization for worsening heart failure. A subgroup analysis of the SERVE-HF trial suggested that patients with Cheyne-Stokes respiration (CSR) < 20% (low CSR) experienced a beneficial effect from ASV, whereas in patients with CSR ≥ 20% ASV might have been harmful. Identifying the proteomic signatures and the underlying mechanistic pathways expressed in patients with CSR could help generating hypothesis for future research. Methods Using a large set of circulating protein-biomarkers (n = 276, available in 749 patients; 57% of the SERVE-HF population) we sought to investigate the proteins associated with CSR and to study the underlying mechanisms that these circulating proteins might represent. Results The mean age was 69 ± 10 years and > 90% were male. Patients with CSR < 20% (n = 139) had less apnoea-hypopnea index (AHI) events per hour and less oxygen desaturation. Patients with CSR < 20% might have experienced a beneficial effect of ASV treatment (primary outcome HR [95% CI] = 0.55 [0.34–0.88]; p = 0.012), whereas those with CSR ≥ 20% might have experienced a detrimental effect of ASV treatment (primary outcome HR [95% CI] = 1.39 [1.09–1.76]; p = 0.008); p for interaction = 0.001. Of the 276 studied biomarkers, 8 were associated with CSR (after adjustment and with a FDR1%-corrected p value). For example, higher PAR-1 and ITGB2 levels were associated with higher odds of having CSR < 20%, whereas higher LOX-1 levels were associated with higher odds of CSR ≥ 20%. Signalling, metabolic, haemostatic and immunologic pathways underlie the expression of these biomarkers. Conclusion We identified proteomic signatures that may represent underlying mechanistic pathways associated with patterns of CSR in HFrEF. These hypothesis-generating findings require further investigation towards better understanding of CSR in HFrEF. Graphic abstract Summary of the findings. PAR-1 proteinase-activated receptor 1, ADM adrenomedullin, HSP-27 heat shock protein-27, ITGB2 integrin beta 2, GLO1 glyoxalase 1, ENRAGE/S100A12 S100 calcium-binding protein A12, LOX-1 lectin-like LDL receptor 1, ADAM-TS13 disintegrin and metalloproteinase with a thrombospondin type 1 motif, member13 also known as von Willebrand factor-cleaving protease.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
       
  • Symptomatic arrhythmias after catheter ablation of atrioventricular nodal
           reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT): results from the German Ablation Registry
    • Abstract: Background In atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT), catheter ablation is considered as first-line therapy. Despite high success rates, some patients present with arrhythmia recurrence or develop other types of arrhythmias over time. Objective To assess the incidence of symptomatic arrhythmias after initially successful AVNRT ablation and to analyze their clinical implications in a real-world cohort. Methods We included 2,795 patients from the German Ablation Registry undergoing first ablation of AVNRT between 01/2007 and 01/2010. In patients alive at long-term follow-up, patient-specific characteristics and long-term follow-up data were compared between patients with (group A) and without (group B) any symptomatic arrhythmia during follow-up. Results Symptomatic arrhythmias occurred in 17.2% of patients during a mean follow-up of 678 days after AVNRT ablation. The patients with symptomatic arrhythmias were more often female and suffered from structural heart disease. Arrhythmia occurrence was clinically relevant regarding symptoms and patient satisfaction. Serious adverse events including stroke, transient ischemic attack, pacemaker implantation, as well as continued use of antiarrhythmic medication occurred more often in group A. A second ablation procedure was performed in 26% of symptomatic patients to optimize the symptomatic outcome, whereas cardiovascular events or patient satisfaction were not further improved. Conclusion During long-term follow-up, one out of six patients experienced symptomatic arrhythmias after AVNRT ablation, associated with an increase of serious adverse events. A subset of patients required medical or interventional antiarrhythmic therapy, possibly attributable to the co-existence of other arrhythmias. Screening for arrhythmic and cardiac co-morbidity before and after ablation may support comprehensive therapy planning and outcome.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
       
  • Validation of the modified Microlife blood pressure monitor in patients
           with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation
    • Abstract: Aims Undiagnosed atrial fibrillation (AF) accounts for 6% of all strokes, therefore early detection and treatment of the arrhythmia are paramount. Previous research has illustrated that the Microlife WatchBPO3 AFIB, an automated blood pressure (BP) monitor with an inbuilt AF algorithm, accurately detects permanent AF. Currently, limited data exist on whether the modified BP monitor is able to detect paroxysmal AF (PAF). Therefore, this study aims to assess the accuracy of the Microlife WatchBPO3 AFIB monitor to detect PAF against a pacemaker reference standard over a 24-h period. Methods and results Forty-eight patients with a pacemaker implanted for sick sinus syndrome and previously documented fast AF participated. Sensitivity of the atrial pacemaker lead was set to allow detection of signals of ≥ 0.5 mV. Patients engaged in their normal daily routine whilst wearing the modified BP monitor. The modified BP monitor demonstrated an overall sensitivity of 76.0% and specificity of 80.8% for detecting PAF. This sensitivity and specificity increased to 100% and 83.1%, respectively, for patients that achieved more than 80% successful BP readings. Compared to day-time readings, night-time readings also demonstrated a lower proportion of movement artefact (14.4% vs. 3.4%), and therefore, a higher sensitivity and specificity of 100% and 84.9%, respectively, for detecting PAF. Conclusion The Microlife WatchBPO3 AFIB device has an acceptable diagnostic accuracy to detect PAF; however, movement artefact affects the accuracy of the readings. This modified BP monitor may potentially be useful as a screening tool for AF in patients at high risk of developing stroke.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
       
  • Comparison of current German and European practice in cardiac
           resynchronization therapy: lessons from the ESC/EHRA/HFA CRT Survey II
    • Abstract: Introduction The European CRT Survey II was introduced to offer insights into CRT implantation practice in Europe. We compared the national data from the participating German centres with that of the other European countries with regard to differences in patient selection, implant results, and initial properties. Methods and results 11,088 patients were enrolled in 288 centres from 42 countries between 2015 and 2017. Of these, 675 (6.1%) were included in 17 centres in Germany. Patients from Germany were older, had more comorbidities and more symptoms of heart failure (HF) than patients from other European countries. There were no differences with regard to HF aetiology and guideline-directed medical treatment was overall well implemented. There was a high use of CRT in patients with atrial fibrillation, even higher in German patients. CRT was most often applied due to HF with wide QRS complex (class I recommendation) but with relatively higher frequency in Germany due to HF with primary indication for an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (class IIb) or a pacemaker with expected pacing dependency (class I). The overall implant success rate was high with some differences in the implant procedure. The use of remote monitoring was lower in Germany. Conclusion This analysis from the European CRT Survey II overall shows good guideline adherence, high implantation success and a low rate of complications in daily practice. There are some regional differences in baseline characteristics, CRT indication, and procedural aspects. The use of remote monitoring in Germany lags behind other European countries. Graphic abstract
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
       
  • Early and late risk of ischemic stroke after TAVR as compared to a
           nationwide background population
    • Abstract: Abstract Ischemic stroke is a feared complication associated with transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Data on the late risk of ischemic stroke following TAVR are scarce. This study aimed to investigate the early (0–90 days) and late (90 days–5 years) risk of ischemic cerebrovascular events (CVE) in a large, unselected cohort of patients undergoing TAVR and to compare this risk with a matched background population. Therefore, all patients undergoing first-time TAVR in Denmark were matched to a background population (controls) in a 1:4 ratio based on age, sex, atrial fibrillation (AF), and the major stroke risk factors. A total of 2455 TAVR patients were matched with 9820 controls. TAVR was associated with a significantly higher ischemic CVE risk as compared with their controls in the early phase [hazard ratio (HR) 5.35 [95% CI 3.50–8.17]; p < 0.001) but not in the late phase (HR 1.17 [95% CI 0.94–1.46]; p = 0.15). In a predefined stratified analysis, no patient-related factors were associated with this higher CVE risk in the early phase. The cumulative 90-day ischemic CVE risk was the lowest in TAVR-patients with known AF receiving oral anticoagulant (OAC) therapy (1.3% [95% CI 0.6–2.5%] and was two-fold higher in OAC-naïve TAVR-patients (2.4% [95% CI 1.8–3.3%] in patients without AF and 2.5% [95% CI 0.9–5.3%] in patients with AF). In conclusion, TAVR was associated with an increased risk of ischemic CVE in the early phase, but not in the late phase, as compared to their matched controls—OAC therapy reduced this early risk of ischemic CVE by half.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
       
  • Left ventricular remodelling among Turner syndrome patients: insights from
           non-invasive 3D echocardiography-derived pressure–volume loop analysis
    • Abstract: Background Turner syndrome (TS) is a X-chromosomal disease affecting one in 2500–3000 female newborns. TS individuals are at high cardiovascular risk and more likely to be overweight or obese. The aim of this study was to assess left ventricular performance in TS patients through three-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (3DSTE) and non-invasive left ventricular pressure–volume loop (PVL) analysis. Moreover, this study focused on the impact of excess weight on the left ventricular efficiency in TS patients. Methods Thirty-six TS patients and 19 healthy age-matched controls were included in this study. 3DSTE and non-invasive left ventricular PVL analysis were performed and left ventricular efficiency parameters were calculated. Results TS patients had significantly lower values than controls in longitudinal strain (− 16.67 ± 3.23% vs. − 18.47 ± 1.87%; p = 0.029), but significantly higher values for arterial elastance (BSA) (3.31, 1.87–5.88 mmHg/mL vs. 2.99, 2.31–4.61 mmHg/mL; p = 0.011) and cardiac work (BSA) (292,070 ± 71,348 mmHg*mL*HR vs. 248,595 ± 70,510 mmHg*mL*HR; p = 0.036). Compared with normal weight patients, overweight and obese TS subjects demonstrated worse left ventricular efficiency (175.08 ± 17.73 mmHg vs. 157.24 ± 26.75 mmHg; p = 0.037). Even after excluding TS patients with cardiovascular morbidity, arterial elastance (BSA) was compared to healthy peers, significantly increased in TS patients. Conclusions 3DSTE and non-invasive left ventricular PVL analysis might be useful tools to detect early cardiac changes in TS. Arterial elastance seems to be significantly increased in TS patients, independent of cardiovascular morbidity. Compared with normal weight TS patients, overweight/obese TS patients displayed lower left ventricular efficiency.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
       
  • Impact of renal function on clinical outcomes after PCI in ACS and stable
           CAD patients treated with ticagrelor: a prespecified analysis of the
           GLOBAL LEADERS randomized clinical trial
    • Abstract: Background Impaired renal function (IRF) is associated with increased risks of both ischemic and bleeding events. Ticagrelor has been shown to provide greater absolute reduction in ischemic risk following acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in those with versus without IRF. Methods A pre-specified sub-analysis of the randomized GLOBAL LEADERS trial (n = 15,991) comparing the experimental strategy of 23-month ticagrelor monotherapy (after 1-month ticagrelor and aspirin dual anti-platelet therapy [DAPT]) with 12-month DAPT followed by 12-month aspirin after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in ACS and stable coronary artery disease (CAD) patients stratified according to IRF (glomerular filtration rate < 60 ml/min/1.73 m2). Results At 2 years, patients with IRF (n = 2171) had a higher rate of the primary endpoint (all-cause mortality or centrally adjudicated, new Q-wave myocardial infarction [MI](hazard ratio [HR] 1.64, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.35–1.98, padj = 0.001), all-cause death, site-reported MI, all revascularization and BARC 3 or 5 type bleeding, compared with patients without IRF. Among patients with IRF, there were similar rates of the primary endpoint (HR 0.82, 95% CI 0.61–1.11, p = 0.192, pint = 0.680) and BARC 3 or 5 type bleeding (HR 1.10, 95% CI 0.71–1.71, p = 0.656, pint = 0.506) in the experimental versus the reference group. No significant interactions were seen between IRF and treatment effect for any of the secondary outcome variables. Among ACS patients with IRF, there were no between-group differences in the rates of the primary endpoint or BARC 3 or 5 type bleeding; however, the rates of the patient-oriented composite endpoint (POCE) of all-cause death, any stroke, MI, or revascularization (pint = 0.028) and net adverse clinical events (POCE and BARC 3 or 5 type bleeding) (pint = 0.045), were lower in the experimental versus the reference group. No treatment effects were found in stable CAD patients categorized according to presence of IRF. Conclusions IRF negatively impacted long-term prognosis after PCI. There were no differential treatment effects found with regard to all-cause death or new Q-wave MI after PCI in patients with IRF treated with ticagrelor monotherapy. Clinical trial registration The trial has been registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01813435. Graphic abstract
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
       
 
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