Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8677 journals)
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CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (338 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 338 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Angiologica     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Cardiologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Acute Cardiac Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Adipositas - Ursachen, Folgeerkrankungen, Therapie     Hybrid Journal  
AJP Heart and Circulatory Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Aktuelle Kardiologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
American Heart Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
American Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American Journal of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Anales de Cirugia Vascular     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Anatolian Journal of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Angiología     Full-text available via subscription  
Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales de Cardiologie et d'Angéiologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
AORTA     Open Access  
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Cardiovascular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivos de cardiología de México     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Argentine Journal of Cardiology (English edition)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arrhythmia & Electrophysiology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Artery Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ARYA Atherosclerosis     Open Access  
ASAIO Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ASEAN Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Cardiovascular and Thoracic Annals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aswan Heart Centre Science & Practice Services     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atherosclerosis : X     Open Access  
Bangladesh Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Basic Research in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
BMC Cardiovascular Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Brain Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Canadian Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Cardiac Cath Lab Director     Full-text available via subscription  
Cardiac Electrophysiology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cardiac Failure Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cardiocore     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiogenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Cardiology and Angiology: An International Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiology and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Cardiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Cardiology in Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cardiology in the Young     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Cardiology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cardiology Plus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Cardiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cardiorenal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiothoracic Surgeon     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CardioVasc     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular & Haematological Disorders - Drug Targets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Cardiovascular and Thoracic Open     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Diabetology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Cardiovascular Endocrinology & Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Cardiovascular Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cardiovascular Journal of Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Cardiovascular Medicine in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Cardiovascular Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cardiovascular Regenerative Medicine     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular System     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Cardiovascular Ultrasound     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Cerebrovascular Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra     Open Access  
Chest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 104)
Choroby Serca i Naczyń     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Circulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 269)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Circulation : Genomic and Precision Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Circulation : Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Circulation Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Cirugía Cardiovascular     Open Access  
Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis     Full-text available via subscription  
Clínica e Investigación en arteriosclerosis (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical and Experimental Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Clinical Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Research in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Research in Cardiology Supplements     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical Trials and Regulatory Science in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Congenital Heart Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Congestive Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cor et Vasa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Coronary Artery Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
CorSalud     Open Access  
Critical Pathways in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Cardiology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Cardiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Cardiovascular Imaging Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Current Heart Failure Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Hypertension Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Hypertension Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Opinion in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Current Problems in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Research : Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
CVIR Endovascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Der Kardiologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Echo Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Echocardiography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Egyptian Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Journal of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
ESC Heart Failure     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Cardiology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Heart Journal - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart Journal : Acute Cardiovascular Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal : Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
European Stroke Organisation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Folia Cardiologica     Open Access  
Forum Zaburzeń Metabolicznych     Hybrid Journal  
Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Future Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Global Cardiology Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Heart     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Heart     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Heart and Mind     Open Access  
Heart and Vessels     Hybrid Journal  
Heart Failure Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Heart Failure Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Heart International     Full-text available via subscription  
Heart Rhythm     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
HeartRhythm Case Reports     Open Access  
Hellenic Journal of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Herz     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Hypertension     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hypertension in Pregnancy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Hypertension Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ibrahim Cardiac Medical Journal     Open Access  
IJC Heart & Vessels     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJC Heart & Vasculature     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJC Metabolic & Endocrine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Indian Journal of Cardiovascular Disease in Women WINCARS     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal  
Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Innovations : Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Insuficiencia Cardíaca     Open Access  
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Cardiovascular Forum Journal     Open Access  
International Journal of Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Cardiology Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
International Journal of Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Hyperthermia     Open Access  
International Journal of Stroke     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
International Journal of the Cardiovascular Academy     Open Access  
Interventional Cardiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Interventional Cardiology Review     Open Access  
JACC : Basic to Translational Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
JACC : Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
JACC : Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
JACC : Heart Failure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
JAMA Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)

        1 2 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Cardiology in the Young
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.372
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 35  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1047-9511 - ISSN (Online) 1467-1107
Published by Cambridge University Press Homepage  [388 journals]
  • Cardiac workup and monitoring in hospitalised children with COVID- 19
    • Authors: Michael A. Fremed; Irene D. Lytrivi, Leonardo Liberman, Brett R. Anderson, Oliver M. Barry, Tarif A. Choudhury, Sophia Chrisomalis-Dring, Anne Ferris, Julie S. Glickstein, Usha Krishnan, Stéphanie Levasseur, Erika B. Rosenzweig, Amee Shah, Eric S. Silver, Sanghee Suh, Mariel E. Turner, Rachel Weller, Joyce Woo, Thomas J. Starc
      Pages: 907 - 910
      Abstract: Approximately, 1.7 million individuals in the United States have been infected with SARS-CoV-2, the virus responsible for the novel coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19). This has disproportionately impacted adults, but many children have been infected and hospitalised as well. To date, there is not much information published addressing the cardiac workup and monitoring of children with COVID-19. Here, we share the approach to the cardiac workup and monitoring utilised at a large congenital heart centre in New York City, the epicentre of the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120001778
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 7 (2020)
  • Insights into stent implantation for coronary artery lesions caused by
           Kawasaki disease
    • Authors: Etsuko Tsuda
      Pages: 911 - 918
      Abstract: Fifty years have passed since the first report of Kawasaki disease in 1967, and the prevalence of acute coronary syndrome in Kawasaki disease patients with coronary artery lesions exceeding 40 years old has increased. Primary coronary stent implantation is currently an acceptable method in ischaemic coronary heart disease in adults. However, it is unknown whether the stent implantation is effective or not in this population. As the clue to answer this question, I reviewed the references on Kawasaki disease patients who underwent the stent implantations between 1997 and 2019. Thirty-three patients underwent stent implantations for 34 coronary arteries. Adverse effects in the late period were found in 19 (68%) of 28 vessels with follow-up angiograms. There were complete occlusion 9, restenosis 8, and migration 2. A new aneurysm formation was found in 7 (37%) among the 19 vessels, and 6 (86%) of the 7 vessels were drug-eluting stent and 5 were found after the procedure for chronic total occlusion. The adverse effects free-rate at 1 year and 3 years were 57 and 25%, respectively. At present, the usefulness of stent implantation in the long-term results was scarce. Even if primary percutaneous coronary intervention without a stent implantation is performed for acute coronary syndrome, it can be expected to maintain the patency of the culprit lesion for several years. It is better to avoid a stent implantation as long as possible in this population. Knowing the long-term efficacy and complications of stent implantations is important for deciding the procedure.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S104795112000133X
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 7 (2020)
  • Idiopathic dilatation of the right atrium: a not so benign entity
    • Authors: Carin Walter; Joaquim Bartrons, Olga Gómez, José M. Caffarena, Juan M. Carretero
      Pages: 919 - 922
      Abstract: Idiopathic dilatation of the right atrium is an isolated enlargement of the right atrium in the absence of other cardiac lesions. This rare anomaly has a clinical spectrum ranging from asymptomatic to heart failure or even sudden death. It can be associated with atrial arrhythmias and thrombus formation. Antiplatelet therapy is prescribed in most cases reported in the literature, and reduction plasty is indicated when there is rapid growth of the right atrium, compression of adjacent structures, or refractory arrhythmias. We report four cases of idiopathic dilatation of the right atrium diagnosed during prenatal screening. We describe the intrauterine course and management in postnatal life until early childhood.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120001353
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 7 (2020)
  • Literature review of international mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor
           use in the non-surgical management of haemodynamically significant cardiac
    • Authors: Aoife Cleary; Colin J. McMahon
      Pages: 923 - 933
      Abstract: Cardiac rhabdomyomas represent the most common primary paediatric cardiac tumour and typically regresses over time in the majority of patients. Among those who are symptomatic, surgical resection or catheterisation procedures have traditionally proven effective. More recently, those invasive or challenging tumours have been successfully treated with mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors, typically everolimus and sirolimus. This review outlines the current medical literature of the state-of-the-art medical treatment of these tumours. We specifically focus on dosing regimens, duration of therapy, and side-effect profiles of mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors among this population. Although the majority of cases responded to mammalian target of rapamycin inhibition, standardised guidelines for dosing and duration of treatment remain to be defined.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S104795112000147X
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 7 (2020)
  • A primer on artificial intelligence for the paediatric cardiologist
    • Authors: Addison Gearhart; Sharib Gaffar, Anthony C. Chang
      Pages: 934 - 945
      Abstract: The combination of pediatric cardiology being both a perceptual and a cognitive subspecialty demands a complex decision-making model which makes artificial intelligence a particularly attractive technology with great potential. The prototypical artificial intelligence system would autonomously impute patient data into a collaborative database that stores, syncs, interprets and ultimately classifies the patient’s profile to specific disease phenotypes to compare against a large aggregate of shared peer health data and outcomes, the current medical body of literature and ongoing trials to offer morbidity and mortality prediction, drug therapy options targeted to each patient’s genetic profile, tailored surgical plans and recommendations for timing of sequential imaging. The focus of this review paper is to offer a primer on artificial intelligence and paediatric cardiology by briefly discussing the history of artificial intelligence in medicine, modern and future applications in adult and paediatric cardiology across selected concentrations, and current barriers to implementation of these technologies.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120001493
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 7 (2020)
  • Perioperative care of the newborns with CHDs in the time of COVID-19
    • Authors: Dilek Dilli; Irfan Taşoğlu
      Pages: 946 - 954
      Abstract: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by a novel betacoronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), has led to an unexpected outbreak affecting people of all ages. The first data showed that COVID-19 could cause severe pulmonary disease, cardiac injury, and death in adults, especially the elderly and those with concomitant diseases. Currently, it was demonstrated that severe COVID-19 may also develop in neonatal age, although rarely. Newborns with CHD are known to be at high risk for increased morbidity from viral lower respiratory tract infections because of underlying anatomical cardiac lesions. There are limited data on the implications of COVID-19 on patients with cardiovascular disease, especially for those with CHD. Herein, we aimed to summarise the COVID-19-specific perioperative management issues for newborns with CHD by combining available data from the perspectives of neonatology and paediatric cardiovascular surgery.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120001845
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 7 (2020)
  • Utility of biomarkers in adult Fontan patients with decompensated heart
    • Authors: Vidang P. Nguyen; Song Li, Stephen J. Dolgner, Zachary L. Steinberg, Jonathan Buber
      Pages: 955 - 961
      Abstract: Background:The incidence of heart failure is increasing within the Fontan population. The use of serological markers, including B-type natriuretic peptide, has been limited in this patient population.Methods:This was a single-centre retrospective study of Fontan patients in acute decompensated heart failure. Fontan patients underwent a 1:2 match with non-Fontan patients for each heart failure hospitalisation for comparative analysis. A univariate logistic regression model was used to assess associations between laboratory and echocardiographic markers and a prolonged length of stay of 7 days or greater.Results:B-type natriuretic peptide levels were significantly lower in Fontan patients admitted for heart failure than that in non-Fontan patients [390.9 (±378.7) pg/ml versus 1245.6 (±1160.7) pg/ml, respectively, p < 0.0001] and were higher in Fontan patients with systemic ventricular systolic or diastolic dysfunction than that in Fontan patients with normal systemic ventricular function [833.6 (±1547.2) pg/ml versus 138.6 (±134.0) pg/ml, p = 0.017]. The change from the last known outpatient value was smaller in Fontan patients in comparison with non-Fontan patients [65.7 (±185.7) pg/ml versus 1638.0 (±1444.7) pg/ml, respectively, p < 0.0001]. Low haemoglobin and high blood urea nitrogen levels were associated with a prolonged length of stay.Conclusion:B-type natriuretic peptide levels do not accurately reflect decompensated heart failure in Fontan patients when compared to non-Fontan heart failure patients and should, therefore, be used with caution in this patient population.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120001250
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 7 (2020)
  • QRS fragmentation in children with suspected myocarditis: a possible
           additional diagnostic sign
    • Authors: Paolo Ferrero; Isabelle Piazza
      Pages: 962 - 966
      Abstract: Aims:We aim to assess the diagnostic role of QRS fragmentation in children with suspected acute myocarditis.Background:Diagnosis of myocarditis in the paediatric population is challenging. Clinical suspicion, electrocardiogram, and laboratory tests are the main diagnostic features at presentation. However, electrocardiogram in patients with myocarditis is usually considered aspecific. We have previously described QRS fragmentation in adult patients with acute myocarditis.Methods:Patients aged less than 18 years, admitted between 2003 and 2019, and discharged with a diagnosis of acute myocarditis were included. Standard electrocardiogram, laboratory, and echocardiographic findings at admission and follow-up were reviewed. QRS fragmentation was defined by the presence of multiphasic R′ spikes. Cardiac magnetic resonance and biopsy were performed in selected patients.Results:Twenty-one patients were analysed, 16 males (76%), median age 9.5 (2.5–16) years. At presentation, 12 patients (57%) displayed QRS fragmentation. Median ejection fraction was 40% (27–60). Nine patients (43%) underwent cardiac magnetic resonance and displayed late gadolinium enhancement. One patient underwent biopsy that showed borderline findings. Electrocardiogram leads showing QRS fragmentation correlated with distribution of late gadolinium enhancement. Median follow-up was 600 (190–2343) days. All patients were alive at last follow-up. Six patients (33%) patients displayed persistence of QRS fragmentation. Median ejection fraction was 60% (60–65%). In three patients (14%), ejection fraction remained depressed, two of which showed persistence of QRS fragmentation.Conclusion:In this cohort of children with suspected myocarditis, QRS fragmentation was confirmed as a new additional diagnostic finding to look for at admission and during follow-up.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120001262
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 7 (2020)
  • Heart rate variability in the course of chemotherapy and haematopoietic
           stem cell transplantation for peadiatric patients with haematological
    • Authors: Honami Kobayashi; Noriko Motoki, Saori Yokota, Ayako Kanai, Shoko Yamazaki, Masafumi Utsumi, Yozo Nakazawa
      Pages: 967 - 974
      Abstract: Background:High-dose chemotherapy and haematopoietic stem cell transplantation are essential for patients with paediatric haematologic diseases, although cardiotoxicity remains a concern. Heart rate variability analysis can evaluate autonomic nervous function interactions with cardiac function.Objective:This study aimed to characterise heart rate variability differences between patients undergoing chemotherapy and controls, and the effects of haematopoietic stem cell transplantation on the autonomic nervous system in patients with haematological malignancies.Methods:Nineteen patients (11 male, median age: 11.6 years) who received conventional chemotherapy followed by transplantation and 19 non-transplant patients (10 male, median age: 11.5 years) receiving chemotherapy only between 2006 and 2018 for haematological malignancies were retrospectively enrolled. Data from 24-hour Holter monitoring were recorded after chemotherapy and before and after transplantation. Heart rate variability was analysed in patients and 32 matched normal controls.Results:There were significant differences between patients and normal controls in all heart rate variability analysis parameters apart from coefficient of variation of RR interval and standard deviation of the average normal RR interval for all 5-minute segments during sleeping. There was a significant difference in the cumulative anthracycline dose and heart rate variability during sleep between the non-transplant and pre-transplant groups. We observed no remarkable differences in time-domain analysis parameters between before and after transplantation, although the low-frequency component of power-spectrum analysis during awake hours was significantly decreased after transplantation.Conclusion:Conventional chemotherapy for paediatric haematologic diseases may be a risk factor for autonomic dysfunction. Further declines in heart rate variability after transplantation appear minor.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120001298
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 7 (2020)
  • Ivabradine in children with postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome: a
           retrospective study
    • Authors: Arooge Towheed; Zeid Nesheiwat, Muhammad A Mangi, Beverly Karabin, Blair P Grubb
      Pages: 975 - 979
      Abstract: Background:Ivabradine is a unique medication that reduces the intrinsic heart rate by specifically blocking the inward funny current that controls the pacemaker activity of the sinus node. We conducted a retrospective cohort study to assess the efficacy of ivabradine in children suffering from postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome.Methods:A chart review was conducted of patients less than 18 years of age who were diagnosed with postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome who had received ivabradine as treatment from January 2015 to February 2019 at our institution. Twenty-seven patients (25 females, 92.5%) were identified for the study. The outcomes which were assessed included a change in the severity and frequency of symptoms, heart rate, and blood pressure before and after starting ivabradine.Results:There was an improvement in the symptoms of 18 (67%) out of 27 patients. The most notable symptom affected was syncope/presyncope with a reduction in 90%, followed by lightheadedness (85%) and fatigue (81%). The vital signs of the patients showed an overall significant lowering of the heart rate during sitting (89.7 ± 17.9 versus 73.2 ± 12.1; p-value
      PubDate: 2020-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120001341
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 7 (2020)
  • Pacemaker and conduction disturbances in patients with atrial septal
    • Authors: Diana H. R. Albæk; Sebastian Udholm, Anne-Sif L. Ovesen, Zarmiga Karunanithi, Camilla Nyboe, Vibeke E. Hjortdal
      Pages: 980 - 985
      Abstract: Objective:To determine the prevalence of pacemaker and conduction disturbances in patients with atrial septal defects.Design:All patients with an atrial septal defect born before 1994 were identified in the Danish National Patient Registry, and 297 patients were analysed for atrioventricular block, bradycardia, right bundle branch block, left anterior fascicular block, left posterior fascicular block, pacemaker, and mortality. Our results were compared with pre-existing data from a healthy background population. Further, outcomes were compared between patients with open atrial septal defects and atrial septal defects closed by surgery or transcatheter.Results:Most frequent findings were incomplete right bundle branch block (40.1%), left anterior fascicular block (3.7%), atrioventricular block (3.7%), and pacemaker (3.7%). Average age at pacemaker implantation was 32 years. Patients with defects closed surgically or by transcatheter had an increased prevalence of atrioventricular block (p < 0.01), incomplete right bundle branch block (p < 0.01), and left anterior fascicular block (p = 0.02) when compared to patients with unclosed atrial septal defects. At age above 25 years, there was a considerably higher prevalence of atrioventricular block (9.4% versus 0.1%) and complete right bundle branch block (1.9% versus 0.4%) when compared to the background cohorts.Conclusions:Patients with atrial septal defects have a considerably higher prevalence of conduction abnormalities when compared to the background population. Patients with surgically or transcatheter closed atrial septal defects demonstrated a higher demand for pacemaker and a higher prevalence of atrioventricular block, incomplete right bundle branch block, and left anterior fascicular block when compared to patients with unclosed atrial septal defects.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120001365
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 7 (2020)
  • Port-a-Cath fracture and migration in paediatric cancer patients:
           incidence and management at a tertiary care centre – a 15-year
    • Authors: Amr Elgehiny; Khaled Ghanem, Haytham Bou Hussein, Mohamed Ahmed, Mostafa Abohelwa, Mohsen Aboelella, Mohamed Mohamed, Fadi Bitar, Miguel Abboud, Samir Akel, Aghiad Al-Kutoubi, Ghina Fakhri, Mariam Arabi
      Pages: 986 - 990
      Abstract: Introduction:Port-a-Cath or chemoport provides prolonged central venous access for cancer patients requiring prolonged chemotherapy. Prolonged use of chemoport is associated with many complications. Dislodgement and migration of chemoport catheter is a rare and reportable complication with potentially serious consequences.Methods:The medical charts of 1222 paediatric cancer patients admitted to the Children’s Cancer Center in Lebanon who had chemoports inserted for long-term chemotherapy were retrospectively reviewed. Descriptive analysis of data was conducted.Results:Chemoport fracture and migration were found in seven cases with an incidence of 0.57%. The duration of chemoport use before the event of dislodgement varied from 2 months to 102 months. Non-functioning chemoport was the most common presentation. Totally, six cases were managed successfully by loop snaring, three cases by paediatric cardiology team, and three cases by interventional radiology team. One case was managed surgically during chemoport removal.Conclusion:Fracture and migration of chemoport catheter is a rare complication of uncertain aetiology and with potentially serious consequences. Percutaneous retrieval, done by experienced cardiologist or interventional radiologist, is the first choice for management of this complication as it is considered as a safe and effective approach.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120001390
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 7 (2020)
  • Anxiety reduction after pre-procedure meetings in patients with CHD
    • Authors: Preston J. Boyer; Joshua A. Yell, Jennifer G. Andrews, Michael D. Seckeler
      Pages: 991 - 994
      Abstract: Background:Cardiac catheterisations for CHD produce anxiety for patients and families. Current strategies to mitigate anxiety and explain complex anatomy include pre-procedure meetings and educational tools (cardiac diagrams, echocardiograms, imaging, and angiography). More recently, three-dimensionally printed patient-specific models can be added to the armamentarium. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of pre-procedure meetings and of different educational tools to reduce patient and parent anxiety before a catheterisation.Methods:Prospective study of patients ≥18 and parents of patients
      PubDate: 2020-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120001407
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 7 (2020)
  • Relation of visceral fat and haemodynamics in adults with Fontan
    • Authors: Adam M. Lubert; Tarek Alsaied, Andrew T. Trout, Jonathan R. Dillman, Bryan H. Goldstein
      Pages: 995 - 1000
      Abstract: Being overweight is associated with reduced functional capacity in Fontan patients. Increased adiposity leads to accumulation of epicardial and intra-abdominal visceral fat, which produce proinflammatory cytokines and may affect endothelial function. This retrospective study to evaluate the association between visceral fat and Fontan haemodynamics included 23 Fontan patients >18 years old with MRI and catheterization data available. Epicardial fat volume indexed to body surface area was measured by cardiac MRI, and intra-abdominal visceral fat thickness and subcutaneous fat thickness were derived from abdominal MRI. Stepwise regression models were used to determine univariable and multivariable associations between fat measures and haemodynamics. Mean age was 28.2 ± 9.5 years and body mass index was 26 ± 4 kg/m2. Mean central venous pressure was 13 ± 3 mmHg and pulmonary vascular resistance index was 1.23WU·m2 (interquartile range: 0.95–1.56). Epicardial fat volume was associated with age (r2 = 0.37, p = 0.002), weight (r2 = 0.26, p = 0.013), body mass index (r2 = 0.27, p = 0.011), and intra-abdominal visceral fat (r2 = 0.30, p = 0.018). Subcutaneous fat thickness did not relate to these measures. There was modest correlation between epicardial fat volume and pulmonary vascular resistance (r2 = 0.27, p = 0.02) and a trend towards significant correlation between intra-abdominal fat thickness and pulmonary vascular resistance (r2 = 0.21, p = 0.06). Subcutaneous fat thickness was not associated with Fontan haemodynamics. In multivariable analysis, including age and visceral fat measures, epicardial fat was independently correlated with pulmonary vascular resistance (point estimate 0.13 ± 0.05 per 10 ml/m2 increase, p = 0.03). In conclusion, in adults with Fontan circulation, increased visceral fat is associated with higher pulmonary vascular resistance. Excess visceral fat may represent a therapeutic target to improve Fontan haemodynamics.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120001419
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 7 (2020)
  • Impact of transport on arrival status and outcomes in newborns with heart
           disease: a low–middle-income country perspective
    • Authors: Balaganesh Karmegaraj; Mahesh Kappanayil, Abish Sudhakar, Raman Krishna Kumar
      Pages: 1001 - 1008
      Abstract: Objectives:We sought to systematically study determinants of “clinical status at arrival after transport” of neonates with CHD and its impact on clinical outcomes in a low- and middle-income country environment.Methods and results:Consecutive neonates with CHD (n = 138) transported (median distance 138 km; 5–425 km) to a paediatric cardiac programme in Southern India were studied prospectively. Among 138 neonatal transports, 134 were in ambulances. Four neonates were transported by family in private vehicles; 60% with duct-dependent circulation (n = 57) were transported without prostaglandin E1. Clinical status at arrival after transport was assessed using California modification of TRIPS Score (Ca-TRIPS), evidence of end-organ injury and metabolic insult.Upon arrival, 42% had end-organ injury, 24% had metabolic insult and 36% had Ca-TRIPS Score >25. Prior to surgery or catheter intervention, prolonged ICU stay (>48 hours), prolonged ventilation (>48 hours), blood stream sepsis, and death occurred in 48, 15, 19, and 3.6%, respectively. Ca-TRIPS Score >25 was significantly associated with mortality (p = 0.005), sepsis (p = 0.035), and prolonged ventilation (p < 0.001); end-organ injury with prolonged ICU stay (p = 0.031) and ventilation (p = 0.045); metabolic insult with mortality (p = 0.012) and sepsis (p = 0.015).Fifteen babies needed only medical management, 10 received comfort care (due to severe end-organ injury in 3), 107 underwent cardiac surgery (n = 83) or catheter intervention (n = 24), with a mortality of 6.5%. Clinical status at arrival after transport did not impact post-procedure outcomes.Conclusion:Neonates with CHD often arrive in suboptimal status after transport in low- and middle-income countries resulting in adverse clinical outcomes. Robust transport systems need to be integrated in plans to develop newborn heart surgery in low- and middle-income countries.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120001420
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 7 (2020)
  • Periodic fever syndromes: a patient diagnosed with recurrent Kawasaki
    • Authors: Sena Turk; Derya Aydin, Eser Dogan, Erturk Levent, Necil Kutukculer
      Pages: 1009 - 1011
      Abstract: Kawasaki disease, known as mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome, is a multi-system disease of unknown aetiology that occurs in young children under 5 years of age. The recurrence rate of Kawasaki disease is as rare as 1–3%. Especially in cases with coronary artery involvement, recurrent Kawasaki disease should be investigated in terms of underlying rheumatologic diseases such as periodic fever syndromes, microscopic polyangiitis, polyarteritis nodosa, and systemic-onset juvenile arthritis. In this study, we report homozygote mutations in mevalonate kinase and familial Mediterranean fever genes in a recurrent Kawasaki disease with coronary dilatation.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120001444
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 7 (2020)
  • Transposition of the great vessels and intact ventricular septum: is there
           an age limit for the arterial switch' Personal experience and review
           of the literature
    • Authors: Zied Daoud; Halkawt Ali Nuri, Ambra Miette, Giuseppe Pomè
      Pages: 1012 - 1017
      Abstract: Objective:Prognosis of the transposition of the great arteries has completely changed since the introduction of the arterial switch. Time limit to perform this intervention is still controversial. The aim of this study is to demonstrate the early and late outcome of primary arterial switch operation beyond the age of months.Methods:We included all patients with the diagnosis of transposition of the great arteries with intact ventricular septum beyond the age of 8 weeks who underwent primary arterial switch operation. The procedures were performed by the same surgeon, in two different institutes. Patients who had transposition of the great arteries and associated anomalies (except atrial septal defect and persistent arterial duct) were excluded. Ventricular shape, geometry, and mass were not considered during the decision on procedure type.Results:In the study, 11 patients with the diagnosis of simple d-transposition of the great arteries beyond 8 weeks were undergone primary arterial switch operation with a mean age of 90.63 days (60–137 days), and 7 patients had a Rashkind procedure. All patients had squashed left ventricle shape with preserved function. The sternum was left open in 10 patients. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support was necessary in 45.45% of cases. The mean mechanical ventilation time was 7.27 days (1–16 days). No mortality was recorded until now. Post-operatory left ventricular function was preserved in 90.9% of the patients. Only one patient had mild myocardial dysfunction at the time of discharge.Conclusions:Primary arterial switch procedure can still be the best surgical option in patients with the diagnosis of transposition of the great arteries with intact ventricular septum beyond 8 weeks of age, providing that mechanical circulatory support and an expert cardiac intensive care unit service are available.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120001456
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 7 (2020)
  • Non-linear analysis of heart rate variability for evaluating the acute
           effects of caffeinated beverages in young adults
    • Authors: Serife G. Caliskan; Mehmet D. Bilgin
      Pages: 1018 - 1023
      Abstract: Caffeinated beverages are the most consumed substances in the world. High rate of uptake of these beverages leads to various cardiovascular disorders ranging from palpitations to coronary failure. The objective of the study is to ascertain how the complexity parameters of heart rate variability are affected by acute consumption of caffeinated beverages in young adults.Electrocardiogram measurements were performed before consuming drinks. After consuming the drinks, measurements were done again at 30 minutes and 60 minutes. Heart rate variability signals were acquired from electrocardiogram signals. Also, the signals were reconstructed in the phase space and largest Lyapunov exponent, correlation dimension, approximate entropy, and detrended fluctuation analysis values were calculated.Heart rate increased for energy drink and cola groups but not in coffee group. Non-linear parameter values of energy drink, coffee, and cola group are increased within 60 minutes after drink consumption. This change is statistically significant just for energy drink group.Energy drink consumption increases the complexity of the cardiovascular system in young adults significantly. Coffee and cola consumption have no significant effect on the non-linear parameters of heart rate variability.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120001481
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 7 (2020)
  • Using the upper buttocks as a subcutaneous site for treprostinil infusion
           in children with pulmonary artery hypertension
    • Authors: Hiroshi Ono; Nobuyuki Yotani, Hitoshi Kato
      Pages: 1024 - 1025
      Abstract: A 14-year-old boy was receiving subcutaneous infusions of treprostinil for pulmonary artery hypertension. Because he had severe infusion site pain in the lower abdomen, we changed his infusion site to the upper buttocks, adding some analgesics. His pain improved gradually. This change may be an effective method for reducing infusion site pain in subcutaneous treprostinil therapy, particularly in children.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120001237
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 7 (2020)
  • Ebstein anomaly combined with unique pulmonary venous abnormality in a
           9-month-old child
    • Authors: Emily N. Sanders; Dala Zakaria
      Pages: 1026 - 1028
      Abstract: Ebstein anomaly is a rare CHD known for its wide spectrum of presentation with the age of diagnosis dependent on the malformation’s severity. Here, the authors describe a case of delayed diagnosis of Ebstein anomaly, secondary to lack of medical attention, which resulted in severe tricuspid regurgitation and pulmonary hypertension. Furthermore, the case was complicated by a unique pulmonary venous abnormality.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120001249
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 7 (2020)
  • Coronary artery embolism in a patient with Fontan palliation: a rare
    • Authors: Amrit Misra; Marjorie Gayanilo, Pooja Gupta
      Pages: 1029 - 1031
      Abstract: Coronary artery embolism is extremely rare in children with Fontan palliation. We report a 10-year-old boy with hypoplastic left heart syndrome post-Fontan procedure who presented with acute onset chest pain and ST-segment changes on electrocardiogram. Cardiac catheterisation revealed coronary artery emboli requiring stent placement. Our case highlights the importance of evaluating chest pain in a systematic manner in Fontan patients as acute coronary artery embolism can be a part of the spectrum of well-known thromboembolic complications.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120001274
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 7 (2020)
  • Continuous real-time monitoring of pulmonary arterial pressure using a tip
           deflecting microcatheter in an infant with pulmonary arterial hypertension
    • Authors: Atsushi Tanaka; Yuichiro Sugitani, Jun Muneuchi
      Pages: 1032 - 1034
      Abstract: We present the case of a 3-month-old boy with pulmonary arterial hypertension after corrective repair of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection. The patient developed severe pulmonary arterial hypertension with a high mean pulmonary arterial pressure of 45 mmHg. We performed continuous monitoring of pulmonary arterial pressure using a tip deflecting microcatheter in the intensive care unit. We successfully managed this patient based on real-time pulmonary arterial pressure measurements. Continuous real-time monitoring of pulmonary arterial pressure using this microcatheter enables individualized targeted therapy for infants with pulmonary arterial hypertension.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120001286
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 7 (2020)
  • ®+fracture+in+a+patient+with+aortic+coarctation:+a+review+of+the+literature&rft.title=Cardiology+in+the+Young&rft.issn=1047-9511&,+Biagio+Castaldi&rft_id=info:doi/10.1017/S1047951120001304">A case of AndraStent® fracture in a patient with aortic coarctation: a
           review of the literature
    • Authors: Giulio Cabrelle; Ornella Milanesi, Biagio Castaldi
      Pages: 1035 - 1038
      Abstract: Percutaneous treatment of aortic coarctation is based on angioplasty and/or stenting of the isthmus. We report a case of a 28-year-old girl suffering from aortic coarctation syndrome (coarctation + ventricular septal defect + bicuspid aorta). She underwent coarctectomy with subclavian flap and pulmonary bandage followed by ventricular septal defect closure and bandage removal in her first year of life. When she was 27 years old, a follow-up echocardiography detected an isthmic pressure gradient and a demodulated Doppler in abdominal aorta. A cardiac catheterisation confirmed the diagnosis of aortic re-coarctation. An AndraStent® XL 48 mm was implanted with a resolution of the isthmic gradient. One year later, because of the reappearance of demodulated Doppler in abdominal aorta, a chest X-ray was performed, which showed a stent third-grade fracture. The fracture was corrected by positioning a covered stent cheatham platinum 45 mm through the fragments. The rarest complication after stenting procedures is the fracture of the device with an incidence between 0.01% and 0.08%. Pressure overload beyond the elastic threshold of the material and the pulsatile tension exerted by the blood flow on the walls of the stent are the main mechanisms at the base of the fracture, together with the compliance of the tissue. A vessel that underwent multiple surgical rearrangements could interfere with and complicate the physiopathology at the basis of the fracture. In conclusion, stenting is a safe technique to treat aortic coarctation; stent fracture is a rare event, and different anatomical and haemodynamic factors are related to this complication.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120001304
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 7 (2020)
  • RYR2+p.R169L+mutation+and+left+ventricular+hypertrophy+in+a+child+with+emotion-triggered+sudden+death&rft.title=Cardiology+in+the+Young&rft.issn=1047-9511&,+Hemal+M.+Nayak&rft_id=info:doi/10.1017/S1047951120001316">RYR2 p.R169L mutation and left ventricular hypertrophy in a child with
           emotion-triggered sudden death
    • Authors: Utkarsh Kohli; Lisa Kuntz, Hemal M. Nayak
      Pages: 1039 - 1042
      Abstract: Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia is a rare (prevalence: 1/10,000) channelopathy characterised by exercise-induced or emotion-triggered ventricular arrhythmias. There is an overall paucity of genotype-phenotype correlation studies in patients with catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia, and in vitro and in vivo effects of individual mutations have not been well characterised. We report an 8-year-old child who carried a mutation in the coding exon 8 of RYR2 (p.R169L) and presented with emotion-triggered sudden cardiac death. He was also found to have left ventricular hypertrophy, a combination which has not been reported before. We discuss the association between genetic variation in RYR2, particularly mutations causing replacement of arginine at position 169 of RYR2 and structural cardiac abnormalities.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120001316
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 7 (2020)
  • Anomalous origin of a single coronary artery from the pulmonary artery
           associated with patent ductus arteriosus
    • Authors: Nicolas Hugues; Carine Dommerc, René Pretre
      Pages: 1043 - 1045
      Abstract: We report an unusual case of a 12-month-old boy diagnosed with anomalous origin of a single coronary artery from the pulmonary artery associated with patent ductus arteriosus. The patient survival was attributed to left-to-right shunt (patent ductus arteriosus) allowing for appropriate myocardial perfusion. Successful surgical correction involved patent ductus arteriosus closure, mitral annuloplasty and reimplantation of the coronary artery into the aortic root.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120001328
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 7 (2020)
  • Myocardial ischaemia and valve insufficiency caused by a dysplastic aortic
           valve cusp: a previously unreported unique morphologic anomaly
    • Authors: Sharmeen Samuel; Preeta Dhanantwari, David B. Meyer
      Pages: 1046 - 1049
      Abstract: Isolated aortic regurgitation and myocardial infarction are a rare congenital defect among neonatal patients. We present a case of a neonate with an unusual aortic valve morphology causing both regurgitation and obstruction of the left coronary artery ostium. Despite both non-invasive and invasive imaging modalities, accurate diagnosis of the valve morphology was only determined by direct visualisation at the time of surgical repair. To the knowledge of authors, this particular aortic valve morphology in neonatal population has not been previously reported in the literature.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120001377
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 7 (2020)
  • Recurrent infective endocarditis in a patient after a second Melody valve
    • Authors: Daiji Takajo; Thomas J. Forbes, Sanjeev Aggarwal
      Pages: 1050 - 1051
      Abstract: A 16-year-old Caucasian male was diagnosed with recurrent infective endocarditis associated with his second Melody valve placed inside a previously treated infected Melody valve. The replacement of Melody valve after the first infective endocarditis episode might increase the risk of the second episode of infective endocarditis.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120001389
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 7 (2020)
  • Not just another large atrial septal defect: complex anatomy, challenging
           procedure, and an unusual complication
    • Authors: Raymond N. Haddad; Tony Abdel Massih, Zakhia Saliba
      Pages: 1052 - 1056
      Abstract: We report the case of a 59-year-old patient with a complex atrial septal defect in whom a 40-mm Amplatzer™ septal occluder was surgically extracted 50 days following implantation. Deployment manoeuvres were challenging leading to an immediate pericardial effusion that was closely monitored and uneventfully drained after 11 days. A dry pericardium was documented until 4 weeks of outpatient routine follow-up. However, the device was surgically explanted 2 weeks later, when an urgent chest computed tomography performed for worrisome symptoms showed pericardial effusion recurrence with peripheral contrast enhancement. Surprisingly, the surgical view showed a well-positioned device and an intact pericardium. We discuss the atypical sequence of clinical findings misleading our clinical judgement and precipitating surgery.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120001468
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 7 (2020)
  • Predictive value of pre-operative neutrophil–lymphocyte ratio for
           children undergoing congenital heart surgery
    • Authors: Valdano Manuel; Leonardo A. Miana, Marcelo B. Jatene
      Pages: 1057 - 1057
      PubDate: 2020-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120000840
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 7 (2020)
  • Reply to Letter: Predictive value of preoperative neutrophil–lymphocyte
           ratio predicts low cardiac output in children after cardiac surgery
    • Authors: Enrique G. Villarreal; Rohit S. Loomba, Saul Flores
      Pages: 1058 - 1058
      PubDate: 2020-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120001559
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 7 (2020)
  • COVID-19 and Kawasaki syndrome: should we really be surprised'
    • Authors: Rohit S. Loomba; Enrique Villarreal, Saul Flores
      Pages: 1059 - 1060
      Abstract: A hyperinflammatory response to COVID-19 is being described in children. While this presents, and responds to management, similar to that of Kawasaki Disease it is being coined a new entity. But is it really' We explore how this phenomenon may be Kawasaki Disease with a new trigger.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01T00:00:00.000Z
      DOI: 10.1017/S1047951120001432
      Issue No: Vol. 30, No. 7 (2020)
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