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CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (338 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 338 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Angiologica     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Cardiologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Acute Cardiac Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Adipositas - Ursachen, Folgeerkrankungen, Therapie     Hybrid Journal  
AJP Heart and Circulatory Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Aktuelle Kardiologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
American Heart Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
American Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American Journal of Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Anales de Cirugia Vascular     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Anatolian Journal of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Angiología     Full-text available via subscription  
Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales de Cardiologie et d'Angéiologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
AORTA     Open Access  
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Cardiovascular Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archivos de cardiología de México     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Argentine Journal of Cardiology (English edition)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arrhythmia & Electrophysiology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Artery Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ARYA Atherosclerosis     Open Access  
ASAIO Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ASEAN Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Cardiovascular and Thoracic Annals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aswan Heart Centre Science & Practice Services     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atherosclerosis : X     Open Access  
Bangladesh Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Basic Research in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
BMC Cardiovascular Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Brain Circulation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Canadian Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Cardiac Cath Lab Director     Full-text available via subscription  
Cardiac Electrophysiology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cardiac Failure Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cardiocore     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiogenetics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Cardiology and Angiology: An International Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiology and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Cardiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Cardiology in Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cardiology in the Young     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Cardiology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cardiology Plus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Cardiology Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cardiorenal Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiothoracic Surgeon     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CardioVasc     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular & Haematological Disorders - Drug Targets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Cardiovascular and Thoracic Open     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Diabetology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Cardiovascular Endocrinology & Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Cardiovascular Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cardiovascular Journal of Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Cardiovascular Medicine in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Cardiovascular Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cardiovascular Regenerative Medicine     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular System     Open Access  
Cardiovascular Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Cardiovascular Ultrasound     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Case Reports in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Cerebrovascular Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra     Open Access  
Chest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 103)
Choroby Serca i Naczyń     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Circulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 267)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Circulation : Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Circulation : Genomic and Precision Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Circulation : Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Circulation Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Cirugía Cardiovascular     Open Access  
Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis     Full-text available via subscription  
Clínica e Investigación en arteriosclerosis (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical and Experimental Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Clinical Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Research in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Research in Cardiology Supplements     Hybrid Journal  
Clinical Trials and Regulatory Science in Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Congenital Heart Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Congestive Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cor et Vasa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Coronary Artery Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
CorSalud     Open Access  
Critical Pathways in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Cardiology Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Cardiology Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Cardiovascular Imaging Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Current Heart Failure Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Hypertension Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Hypertension Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Opinion in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Current Problems in Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Research : Cardiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Vascular Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
CVIR Endovascular     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Der Kardiologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Echo Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Echocardiography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Egyptian Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Egyptian Journal of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia     Open Access  
ESC Heart Failure     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Cardiology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Heart Journal - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes     Hybrid Journal  
European Heart Journal : Acute Cardiovascular Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal : Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Heart Journal Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Heart Failure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
European Stroke Organisation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Experimental & Translational Stroke Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Folia Cardiologica     Open Access  
Forum Zaburzeń Metabolicznych     Hybrid Journal  
Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Future Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Global Cardiology Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Heart     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Heart     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Heart and Mind     Open Access  
Heart and Vessels     Hybrid Journal  
Heart Failure Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Heart Failure Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Heart India     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Heart International     Full-text available via subscription  
Heart Rhythm     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Heart Views     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
HeartRhythm Case Reports     Open Access  
Hellenic Journal of Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Herz     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Hypertension     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hypertension in Pregnancy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Hypertension Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ibrahim Cardiac Medical Journal     Open Access  
IJC Heart & Vessels     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJC Heart & Vasculature     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJC Metabolic & Endocrine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Heart Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Indian Journal of Cardiovascular Disease in Women WINCARS     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal  
Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Innovations : Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Insuficiencia Cardíaca     Open Access  
Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Cardiovascular Forum Journal     Open Access  
International Journal of Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Cardiology Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cardiovascular Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Heart Rhythm     Open Access  
International Journal of Hypertension     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Hyperthermia     Open Access  
International Journal of Stroke     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
International Journal of the Cardiovascular Academy     Open Access  
Interventional Cardiology Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Interventional Cardiology Review     Open Access  
JACC : Basic to Translational Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
JACC : Cardiovascular Imaging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
JACC : Cardiovascular Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
JACC : Heart Failure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
JAMA Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)

        1 2 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.352
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 12  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0974-2069 - ISSN (Online) 0974-5149
Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [427 journals]
  • Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on pediatric cardiac care in India: Time
           for action!

    • Authors: Krishna S Iyer
      Pages: 183 - 185
      Abstract: Krishna S Iyer
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):183-185

      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):183-185
      PubDate: Wed,8 Jul 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_153_20
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • Recent outcomes of the extracardiac Fontan procedure in patients with
           hypoplastic left heart syndrome

    • Authors: Alisa Arunamata, Theresa A Tacy, Saraswati Kache, Richard D Mainwaring, Michael Ma, Katsuhide Maeda, Rajesh Punn
      Pages: 186 - 193
      Abstract: Alisa Arunamata, Theresa A Tacy, Saraswati Kache, Richard D Mainwaring, Michael Ma, Katsuhide Maeda, Rajesh Punn
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):186-193
      Objective: To investigate patient-related factors, echocardiographic, and anatomic variables associated with immediate and long-term clinical outcomes after extracardiac Fontan procedure at our institution.Materials and Methods: Retrospective review of preoperative cardiac catheterizations and echocardiograms as well as medical records of all children with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) who underwent Fontan between June 2002 and December 2018.Results: Seventy-seven patients with HLHS were included (age 4 years [1.5–11.7]). Seventy patients (91%) received a nonfenestrated Fontan and 57 patients (74%) underwent Fontan without cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Presence of a Fontan fenestration (P = 0.69) and use of CPB (P = 0.79) did not differ between those with <2 weeks compared to those with =2 weeks of chest tube drainage. There were no differences in either pre- or intra-operative hemodynamics between patients who weighed <15 kg compared to those who weighed ≥15 kg at time of surgery; incidence of death, transplant, and transplant listing were similar between weight groups. Inferior vena cava (IVC) diameter z-score did not differ among patients with and without chylous chest tube drainage (P = 0.78), with and without development of protein losing enteropathy (P = 0.23), or death/heart transplant/transplant listing compared to survivors without transplant (P = 0.26)Conclusion: In HLHS patients undergoing Fontan, preoperative weight and IVC diameter appeared to have no influence on immediate postoperative outcomes. Performing the Fontan off CPB and with a fenestration also conferred no added clinical benefit. These observations should be considered when deciding optimal timing for Fontan completion.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):186-193
      PubDate: Wed,8 Jul 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_5_20
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • Systolic excursion of the leaflets of the truncal valve: An unusual
           mechanism for pulmonary stenosis in common arterial trunk

    • Authors: Saurabh Kumar Gupta, Abhinav Aggarwal, Gurpreet S Gulati, Sivasubramanian Ramakrishnan, Shyam S Kothari, Anita Saxena, Sanjiv Sharma, Balram Airan, Robert H Anderson
      Pages: 194 - 198
      Abstract: Saurabh Kumar Gupta, Abhinav Aggarwal, Gurpreet S Gulati, Sivasubramanian Ramakrishnan, Shyam S Kothari, Anita Saxena, Sanjiv Sharma, Balram Airan, Robert H Anderson
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):194-198
      Background: Pulmonary stenosis in patients with common arterial trunk protects the pulmonary vasculature. In our recently published prospective study of common arterial trunk, some patients with sinusal origin of the pulmonary arterial segment had pulmonary stenosis induced by systolic excursion of a truncal valvar leaflet. We aimed to determine the detailed morphologic characteristics of this unusual finding.Methods and Results: All 70 patients underwent echocardiography and computed tomographic angiography as per predefined study protocol. In selected cases, we also performed cardiac catheterization. Among 27 patients with aortic dominance, we found sinusal origin of the pulmonary arterial segment. In 5 of these patients, pulmonary stenosis was induced by systolic excursion of a truncal valvar leaflet. In all these patients, the truncal valve was trisinusate, albeit with asymmetric sinuses. The pulmonary arterial segment arose from the largest left sinus with its relatively large leaflet obstructing the pulmonary orifice during systole. In the remaining 22 patients, without pulmonary stenosis but with sinusal origin of pulmonary arterial segment, the truncal valve was quadrisinusate in 7, bisinusate in 2, and trisinusate in 13. None of the patients with quadrisinusate and bisinusate truncal valves had pulmonary stenosis. Among the 13 patients with trisinusate valves, the sinuses of the truncal valve were symmetrical in 6, while in 7, the pulmonary orifice originated from a smaller asymmetric sinus.Conclusion: Pulmonary stenosis, produced by a relatively large leaflet of an asymmetric truncal sinus, may prevent early development of pulmonary vascular disease. Timely recognition of this unusual mechanism of pulmonary stenosis is important for optimal management.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):194-198
      PubDate: Wed,8 Jul 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_22_20
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • &#304;nvestigation of endothelial dysfunction in children with
           acute rheumatic fever

    • Authors: Murat Çiftel, Osman Yilmaz
      Pages: 199 - 204
      Abstract: Murat Çiftel, Osman Yilmaz
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):199-204
      Background: Acute rheumatic fever (ARF) is an important cause of valvular heart disease in children. Endothelial dysfunction plays an important role in the pathogenesis of valvular heart diseases. The role of endothelial dysfunction in valvular heart diseases due to ARF is not exactly known. In ARF, autoimmune injury, inflammation, oxidative stress, and impairment of nitric oxide in valvular endothelium may be the causes of endothelial dysfunction. The purpose of this study is to evaluate endothelial dysfunction and arterial stiffness in children with ARF.Materials and Methods: Thirty-six patients diagnosed with ARF (the mean age was 11.80 ± 2.82 years) and 36 volunteered individuals with similar age, sex, and body mass index were included in the study. The study groups were compared in terms of M-mode echocardiography parameters, carotid arterial strain (CAS), beta-stiffness index (βSI), and flow-mediated dilation (FMD).Results: In patients with ARF, there was a decrease in FMD% (10.36 ± 7.26 and 12.76 ± 4.59; P < 0.001) compared to the control group. In addition, CAS (0.16 ± 0.06 and 0.18 ± 0.08; P = 0.44) and βSI (3.65 ± 1.61 and 3.57 ± 2.38; P = 0.24) were similar in the patient and the control groups. Furthermore, no correlation was detected between decreased FMD value and mitral regurgitation (r = -0.07; P = 0.66), aortic regurgitation (r = -0.04; P = 0.78), CAS (r = -0.08; P = 0.61), and βSI (r = -0.20; P = 0.22).Conclusion: In our study, a decrease in FMD value, which is a marker of endothelial dysfunction, was found in children with rheumatic carditis.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):199-204
      PubDate: Wed,8 Jul 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_201_19
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • Electrocardiogram interpretation among pediatricians: Assessing knowledge,
           attitudes, and practice

    • Authors: Mohammad A Ebrahim, Reem K Alseid, Raghad T Aleinati, Volkan Tuzcu
      Pages: 205 - 211
      Abstract: Mohammad A Ebrahim, Reem K Alseid, Raghad T Aleinati, Volkan Tuzcu
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):205-211
      Objectives: This study assesses the competency of pediatricians in interpreting electrocardiograms (ECGs).Methods: A cross-sectional study involving 125 pediatricians comprised of 71 general pediatricians, 15 pediatric cardiologists, and 39 other subspecialists recruited from all public hospitals and two specialty centers. Participants completed a questionnaire that included 10 ECGs and questions regarding backgrounds, attitudes, and practices. The ECGs were graded to obtain a knowledge score out of 30 points. Mann–Whitney U test and Kruskal-Wallis test with post hoc analysis and Bonferroni adjustment were used to compare groups.Results: The mean knowledge score ranged from 47.7% to 69.7% among various pediatric specialties (P = 0.006). Age, increasing years of experience, confidence level, number of cardiology referrals, and perceived importance of having good ECG interpretation skills were significantly related to the knowledge score (P = 0.05). Accuracy was highest in identifying normal ECGs (76.8%), supraventricular tachycardia (64.8%), along with long QT interval (58.4%), and was lowest for right bundle branch block (RBBB) (10.4%), 2:1 atrioventricular conduction (10.4%), and atrial tachycardia (AT) (4.8%). Accuracy among pediatric cardiologists was highest for long QT interval (100%), normal ECG (80%), as well as Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome (80%), and lowest for RBBB (13.3%) and AT (0%). Most pediatricians believe that ECGs are “useful” (78.4%) and that having good interpretation skill is “important” (80.6%).Conclusions: Pediatricians recognize the importance of ECGs. However, their skill and level of accuracy at interpretation is suboptimal, including cardiologists, and may affect patient care. Thus, efforts should be made to improve ECG understanding to provide better service to patients.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):205-211
      PubDate: Wed,8 Jul 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_18_20
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • Surgical outcomes of absent pulmonary valve syndrome: An institutional
           experience

    • Authors: Ashvin Krishna Nair, Maruti Haranal, Ibrahim Mukhtar Elkhatim, Jeswant Dillon, Chee Chin Hew, Sivakumar Sivalingam
      Pages: 212 - 219
      Abstract: Ashvin Krishna Nair, Maruti Haranal, Ibrahim Mukhtar Elkhatim, Jeswant Dillon, Chee Chin Hew, Sivakumar Sivalingam
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):212-219
      Background: Absent pulmonary valve syndrome (APVS) is a variant of tetralogy of Fallot characterized by aneurysmal pulmonary arteries, which compresses the tracheobronchial tree, leading to respiratory symptoms. We report the mid-term outcomes of surgical correction of patients with APVS.Subject and Methods: A total of 27 patients underwent surgery between 2001 and 2015, and they were followed up for a mean period of 6.4 ± 4.1 years. Out of the 27 patients, 14 (51.9%) were infants. The median age at repair was 9.8 months. Preoperative intubation was required in six patients (22.2%), and 11 patients (40.7%) had symptoms of respiratory distress. The pulmonary valve was replaced with a valved conduit in 15 patients (55.6%), monocusp valve in 6 patients (22.2%), and a transannular patch in 6 patients (22.2%). Reduction pulmonary arterioplasty was done in all patients.Results: The overall 10-year survival was 82.1%. There was 81.1% overall freedom from re-intervention at 10 years. No statistically significant difference was found in 10-year survival (P = 0.464) and reoperation rates (P = 0.129) between valved conduit, monocusp, or transannular patch techniques. Older children had statistically significantly longer survival (P = 0.039) and freedom from re-intervention (P = 0.016) compared to infants. Patients without respiratory complications had 100% 10-year survival and 93.3% freedom from reoperation at 10 years compared to 55.6% and 60.1%, respectively, for patients with respiratory complications.Conclusion: There has been improvement in surgical results for APVS over the years. However, it still remains a challenge to manage infants and patients with persistent respiratory problems.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):212-219
      PubDate: Wed,8 Jul 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_111_19
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • Early experience with pediatric cardiac transplantation in a limited
           resource setting

    • Authors: Swati Garekar, Talha Meeran, Vinay Patel, Sachin Patil, Shyam Dhake, Shivaji Mali, Amit Mhatre, Dilip Bind, Ashish Gaur, Sandeep Sinha, Vijay Shetty, Kirtis Sabnis, Bharat Soni, Dhananjay Malankar, Anvay Mulay
      Pages: 220 - 226
      Abstract: Swati Garekar, Talha Meeran, Vinay Patel, Sachin Patil, Shyam Dhake, Shivaji Mali, Amit Mhatre, Dilip Bind, Ashish Gaur, Sandeep Sinha, Vijay Shetty, Kirtis Sabnis, Bharat Soni, Dhananjay Malankar, Anvay Mulay
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):220-226
      Background: Pediatric heart transplantation is a now a well-established and standard treatment option for end stage heart failure for various conditions in children. Due to logistic issues, it is not an option for in most pediatric cardiac centres in the third world.Aim: We sought to describe our early experience in the current era in India.Methods: This is a short term retrospective chart review of pediatric patients who underwent heart transplantation at our centre. Mean/Median with standard deviation /range was used to present data.Results: Twenty patients underwent orthotopic heart transplant between January 2016 and June 2019. The median age at transplant was 12.4years (range 3.3 to 17.3 years). The median weight was 23.2kg (range 10-80kg). The mean donor/recipient weight ratio was 1.62± 0.84. The mean ICU stay was 12.1days. The mean follow up post transplant was 2.03± 0.97years (range 10 days-3.57years). The 1 month and the 1 year survival was 100%. Biopsies were positive for significant rejection in 7 patients (35%). At the time of last follow-up, 3 patients (15%) had expired. The major post transplant morbidities were mechanical circulatory support (n=3), hypertension with seizure complex (n=3), post transplant lympho-proliferative disorder (n=1), pseudocyst of pancreas (n=1), coronary allograft vasculopathy (n=3) and systemic hypertension (n=7). All surviving patients (n=17) were asymptomatic at last follow up.Conclusion: The results suggest acceptable short term outcomes in Indian pediatric patients can be achieved after heart transplantation in the current era. Significant rejection episodes and coronary allograft vasculopathy need careful follow up.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):220-226
      PubDate: Wed,8 Jul 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_105_19
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • Hybrid approach for aortic embolization of Amplatzer duct occluder

    • Authors: Sudesh Prabhu, Shreesha Maiya, Riyan Shetty, Keshava Murthy, Prakash Ramachandra, Rishi Tiwari
      Pages: 227 - 229
      Abstract: Sudesh Prabhu, Shreesha Maiya, Riyan Shetty, Keshava Murthy, Prakash Ramachandra, Rishi Tiwari
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):227-229
      Embolization of the patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) device is a known adverse event of percutaneous PDA closure, which can lead to complications. Embolization can occur into the pulmonary artery or into the aorta. Device embolization can be moderate adverse event (when retrieved percutaneously) or major adverse event (when retrieved surgically). We are describing a hybrid approach for aortic embolization of PDA device when the percutaneous retrieval fails, where device retrieval and PDA ligation can be done through thoracotomy incision, thus decreasing the complications.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):227-229
      PubDate: Wed,8 Jul 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_13_20
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • Patterns of myocardial involvement in children during COVID-19 pandemic:
           Early experience from northern Italy

    • Authors: Paolo Ferrero, Isabelle Piazza, Caterina Bonino, Matteo Ciuffreda
      Pages: 230 - 233
      Abstract: Paolo Ferrero, Isabelle Piazza, Caterina Bonino, Matteo Ciuffreda
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):230-233
      There is limited information about coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the pediatric population. Preliminary data suggest a not insignificant prevalence of cardiac involvement. Here, we report our early experience with COVID-19 in the pediatric population. These patients display exceptionally high levels of acute-phase reactants. The clinical syndrome in these patients is somewhat similar to Kawasaki disease with or without myocardial involvement. In some cases, the presentation mimics typical myocarditis. Severe myocardial involvement is associated with transient electrocardiographic and echocardiographic abnormalities. These findings may be due to the cardiotropic nature of the virus or may be the result of an immunologic response to the infection.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):230-233
      PubDate: Wed,8 Jul 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_77_20
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • Percutaneous coronary intervention for coronary allograft vasculopathy
           with drug-eluting stent in Indian subcontinent: Issues in diagnosis and
           management

    • Authors: Mohammed Shakawat Alam, Arvind Sahadev Singh, Sreeja Pavithran, Vijayakumar Subban, Ajit Mullasari, Kothandam Sivakumar
      Pages: 234 - 237
      Abstract: Mohammed Shakawat Alam, Arvind Sahadev Singh, Sreeja Pavithran, Vijayakumar Subban, Ajit Mullasari, Kothandam Sivakumar
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):234-237
      Coronary allograft vasculopathy fails to give a warning anginal pain due to denervation and often presents with acute coronary syndrome, ventricular dysfunction, or sudden cardiac death. Early diagnosis in a pediatric patient is difficult as it involves invasive coronary angiography or advanced imaging such as intravascular ultrasound or optical coherence tomography. A 12-year-old boy developed acute coronary syndrome, elevated troponins, and right bundle branch block, 5 years after cardiac transplantation and was treated with culprit-vessel angioplasty with a drug-eluting stent. Advanced imaging showed the involvement of nonculprit vessels too. In a detailed literature search, we failed to identify a similar clinical presentation and management in the subcontinent, hence our interest in publishing this report for educational value. Issues in diagnosis, management, prognosis, and prevention are discussed.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):234-237
      PubDate: Wed,8 Jul 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_69_19
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • Cardiac tumors in both twins &#8211; A case report of a rare
           occurrence

    • Authors: N M Sharath Babu, Dibyaranjan Behera, Anoop George Alex, Lijo Varghese, Oommen K George
      Pages: 238 - 240
      Abstract: N M Sharath Babu, Dibyaranjan Behera, Anoop George Alex, Lijo Varghese, Oommen K George
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):238-240
      Cardiac tumors in neonates and infancy are one among the many known congenital cardiac diseases. Although fetal cardiac tumors are rare, there is increased detection because of expertise in echocadiographic examination. Rhabdomyomas are the most common cardiac tumors among infants and children. Here, we describe twin neonates who had multiple cardiac tumors. This kind of presentation appears to be a very rare situation.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):238-240
      PubDate: Wed,8 Jul 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_98_19
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • Steroid-associated bradycardia in a newly diagnosed B precursor acute
           lymphoblastic leukemia patient with Holt–Oram syndrome

    • Authors: Raymond Morales, Bishir Clayton, Hoang H Nguyen, Lisa Giordano, Brieann A Muller
      Pages: 241 - 243
      Abstract: Raymond Morales, Bishir Clayton, Hoang H Nguyen, Lisa Giordano, Brieann A Muller
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):241-243
      Holt–Oram syndrome (HOS) (OMIM#142900) is a rare condition with upper extremity malformations as well as structural and conduction cardiac anomalies. There are sparse reports in the literature documenting malignancy in association with HOS. We report a pediatric patient clinically diagnosed with HOS (missing thumbs bilaterally, atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect, and first-degree heart block), who also developed B precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia. During induction of chemotherapy with steroids, she developed profound bradycardia without clinical symptoms. The bradycardia resolved without intervention, but this case highlights the challenges of managing chemotherapy side effects in a patient with congenital heart disease. A literature review pertinent to the associated findings in the case is also presented.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):241-243
      PubDate: Wed,8 Jul 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_87_19
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • Atypical recurrent kawasaki disease with retropharyngeal involvement: A
           case study and literature review

    • Authors: Rachel K Cason, Umakumaran P Ponniah, Elizabeth S Makil, Mary C Niu
      Pages: 244 - 247
      Abstract: Rachel K Cason, Umakumaran P Ponniah, Elizabeth S Makil, Mary C Niu
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):244-247
      Kawasaki disease (KD) is a systemic inflammatory condition primarily affecting young children. We present an adolescent male with two episodes of complete KD between the age of 2 and 14 years. At age 14, he presented with findings suggestive of a retropharyngeal abscess. This was later determined to be a recurrence of KD, diagnosed after the development of coronary artery aneurysms. Our case reinforces the role of maintaining a high index of suspicion for KD, both in patients with prior KD episodes and in those with persistent fever who do not fulfill the diagnostic criteria for typical KD. This is particularly important for patients presenting with atypical symptoms not commonly associated with KD, such as inflammation of the retropharyngeal and parapharyngeal spaces.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):244-247
      PubDate: Wed,8 Jul 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_89_19
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • Reversible hypertension associated with complete heart block in a
           6-year-old boy

    • Authors: Elia Fares Anees Boles, Steven Herold
      Pages: 248 - 251
      Abstract: Elia Fares Anees Boles, Steven Herold
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):248-251
      We herein report a case of a 6-year-old boy with hypertension and complete heart block with a unique outcome. The patient was treated with an epicardial pacemaker followed by complete and sustained resolution of his hypertension with no further need for the previously prescribed antihypertensive medication.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):248-251
      PubDate: Wed,8 Jul 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_163_19
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • Lethal recurrent mycotic ascending aortic pseudoaneurysm in a 21-month-old
           child with repaired subaortic membrane

    • Authors: Khaled A Alhawri, Usama H Elsaedy, Sami A Alahdal, Nabil S Albahlooli, Abdullah A Al Qwaee, Ali A Alakhfash
      Pages: 252 - 255
      Abstract: Khaled A Alhawri, Usama H Elsaedy, Sami A Alahdal, Nabil S Albahlooli, Abdullah A Al Qwaee, Ali A Alakhfash
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):252-255
      Mycotic pseudoaneurysm of the aorta is a rare and lethal complication of pediatric congenital heart surgery. We report the lethal consequences of recurrent mycotic pseudoaneurysm in an 18-month-old baby, early after subaortic membrane resection. We managed to repair the pseudoaneurysm successfully by replacing the infected ascending aorta using bovine jugular vein graft, but unfortunately, the patient developed new pseudoaneurysm at the site of anastomosis which led to his death. Although prompt diagnosis and surgical management can save the patient life, uncontrolled infection can lead to the recurrence of the problem and lethal results.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):252-255
      PubDate: Wed,8 Jul 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_1_20
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • Recurrent pericarditis in an adolescent with Crohn&#39;s colitis

    • Authors: Bibhuti B Das, Morgan Dodson, Angel Guzman
      Pages: 256 - 259
      Abstract: Bibhuti B Das, Morgan Dodson, Angel Guzman
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):256-259
      Extraintestinal manifestations are common complications of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), whereas the recurrent pericarditis during remission of Crohn's disease is rarely reported. Chest pain developed in a 13-year-old adolescent male who had a history of Crohn's colitis since 9 years of age and was in remission for 4 years after treatment with infliximab, adalimumab, and vedolizumab. Physicians should be aware of the pericardial involvement in patients with a history of IBD. The literature on pericardial involvement in Crohn's disease is reviewed with emphasis on the management of recurrent pericardial effusion in the pediatric age group.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):256-259
      PubDate: Wed,8 Jul 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_16_20
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • Transcatheter reduction in size of large undesirable fenestrations
           following extracardiac conduit Fontan surgery with off-label use of
           Occlutech atrial flow regulator

    • Authors: Bhushan Shivaji Sonawane, Kothandam Sivakumar
      Pages: 260 - 263
      Abstract: Bhushan Shivaji Sonawane, Kothandam Sivakumar
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):260-263
      Fontan surgery streamlines the systemic venous return through the pulmonary circulation before filling the systemic ventricle in univentricular hearts. The venous congestion leads to effusions, lowers cardiac output, and affects organ perfusion. Fenestrations in the Fontan circuit improve forward flow through the ventricles, lower venous pressures, and reduce perioperative morbidity. When large fenestrations cause profound hypoxia and effort intolerance, there are no current techniques to reduce their size. Atrial flow regulators with a predetermined orifice were used off-label in three borderline patients with large undesirable fenestrations following extracardiac conduit Fontan surgeries. This resulted in improved oxygenation without marked elevation of venous pressures, while retaining the patency of the decompressive fenestration.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):260-263
      PubDate: Wed,8 Jul 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_52_20
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • Flecainide intoxication in pediatric patients with supraventricular
           tachycardia

    • Authors: Guiem Vaquer, Laura Marfil, Josep Ortega, Anna Sabate-Rotes, Ferran Gran-Ipina, Ferran Roses-Noguer
      Pages: 264 - 266
      Abstract: Guiem Vaquer, Laura Marfil, Josep Ortega, Anna Sabate-Rotes, Ferran Gran-Ipina, Ferran Roses-Noguer
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):264-266
      Flecainide is a class IC antiarrhythmic indicated for ventricular and supraventricular arrhythmias in pediatric patients without structural heart disease. Flecainide has a narrow therapeutic window and proarrhythmic effect even in therapeutic doses and could lead to a life-threatening intoxication. Dosage errors, accidental intakes, and drug or food interactions, especially with dairy products, can be the cause of the intoxication. We report three consecutive cases of flecainide intoxication in children with supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) in our hospital from 2017 to 2019. Two cases had complete and spontaneous normalization of electrocardiogram (ECG) after flecainide removal. However, admission to the intensive care was required due to a sustained ventricular tachycardia in one case. Flecainide intoxication can be a life-threatening complication in patients with SVT. We believe all children should have close monitoring with serial ECG and plasma levels of flecainide during the 48–72 h after initiation of treatment, and consider hospitalization for patients <1 year of age.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):264-266
      PubDate: Wed,8 Jul 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_116_19
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • Coronary artery aneurysm in kawasaki disease

    • Authors: Achala Donuru, Maansi Parekh, Vinay V. R Kandula, Sharon Gould
      Pages: 267 - 268
      Abstract: Achala Donuru, Maansi Parekh, Vinay V. R Kandula, Sharon Gould
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):267-268
      A 3-year-old male presents to the emergency department with chief complaints of fever and vomiting. He had a positive rapid streptococcus throat test with cervical lymphadenopathy. The patient was started on antibiotics. On examination, there was diffuse erythematous macular rash on the chest. Laboratory tests revealed elevated white cell count and C-reactive protein. Electrocardiogram was notable for prolonged PR interval indicating 1st degree atrioventricular block. Echocardiogram revealed ectasia of the right coronary artery (RCA). A presumptive diagnosis of Kawasaki disease was made and the patient was started on high-dose aspirin and intravenous immunoglobulins. Cardiac computed tomography angiography (CTA) showed an aneurysm of the proximal RCA measuring up to 7.4 mm. The RCA immediately proximal to the aneurysm measured 3 mm in diameter. The Z score was 13.4. Oblique coronal image from cardiac CTA and volume rendered images demonstrated an aneurysm of the proximal RCA. The patient improved with treatment.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):267-268
      PubDate: Wed,8 Jul 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_6_20
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • Hemangioma &#8211; A pointer to Abernethy syndrome?

    • Authors: Shyam S Kothari
      Pages: 269 - 271
      Abstract: Shyam S Kothari
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):269-271
      Diffuse pulmonary arteriovenous malformations or pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) may result from congenital portosystemic venous shunts. Hemangioma as a physical sign of congenital portosystemic shunts (like Abernethy syndrome) has not been described. I report two children (one with severe cyanosis from pulmonary arteriovenous malformations and the other with severe PAH) with cutaneous hemangioma and Abernethy syndrome. Hemangioma may be a clinical pointer to portosystemic shunts even in the absence of obvious liver disease.
      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):269-271
      PubDate: Wed,8 Jul 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_91_20
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • Indications for intervention for coarctation of the aorta

    • Authors: Navaneetha Sasikumar, Atsuko Kato
      Pages: 272 - 273
      Abstract: Navaneetha Sasikumar, Atsuko Kato
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):272-273

      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):272-273
      PubDate: Wed,8 Jul 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_21_20
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • Author&#39;s reply

    • Authors: Anita Saxena, Jay Relan
      Pages: 273 - 273
      Abstract: Anita Saxena, Jay Relan
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):273-273

      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):273-273
      PubDate: Wed,8 Jul 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_32_20
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • “Hurdles at each step:” Aberrant lobar pulmonary artery in an
           

    • Authors: CR Pruthvi, V Krishna Santosh, Krishna Prasad Nevali, Dinakar Bootla, Sanjeev Naganur
      Pages: 274 - 276
      Abstract: CR Pruthvi, V Krishna Santosh, Krishna Prasad Nevali, Dinakar Bootla, Sanjeev Naganur
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):274-276

      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):274-276
      PubDate: Wed,8 Jul 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_119_19
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • Mycobacterium chimaera in a post thaw pulmonary valve homograft as a
           result of contaminated heater cooler unit in use during the implant
           surgery

    • Authors: Wee Ling Heng, Mathew Jose Chakaramakkil
      Pages: 277 - 278
      Abstract: Wee Ling Heng, Mathew Jose Chakaramakkil
      Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):277-278

      Citation: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2020 13(3):277-278
      PubDate: Wed,8 Jul 2020
      DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_72_20
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2020)
       
 
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