Subjects -> BEAUTY CULTURE (Total: 22 journals)
    - BEAUTY CULTURE (20 journals)
    - PERFUMES AND COSMETICS (2 journals)

BEAUTY CULTURE (20 journals)

Showing 1 - 19 of 19 Journals sorted alphabetically
Achiote.com - Revista Eletrônica de Moda     Open Access  
American Journal of Cosmetic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Corps et culture     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Critical Studies in Fashion & Beauty     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Dress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Fashion and Textiles     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Flavour and Fragrance Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Ground Breaking     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Instyle     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Cosmetic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Materiali di Estetica     Open Access  
Media, Culture & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Mind Culture and Activity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Parallax     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Professional Beauty     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Science as Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
The Rose Sheet     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Transactions of the Burgon Society     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ZoneModa Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Similar Journals
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Media, Culture & Society
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.846
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 46  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0163-4437 - ISSN (Online) 1460-3675
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1141 journals]
  • Anatomy of a precarious newsroom: precarity and agency in Syrian exiled
           journalism in Turkey
    • Authors: Yazan Badran, Kevin Smets
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      This paper contributes to the ongoing debate on the precarisation of journalistic work by looking at the case of Syrian exiled journalists in Turkey, whose professional and personal lifeworlds are underpinned by multiple layers of precarity. The article builds on data collected during a 3-month-long period of participant observations at the newsroom of Enab Baladi, a Syrian news outlet based in Istanbul, Turkey. It develops a relational notion of precarity through insights from the growing body of work on precarity in the journalistic field, as well as research on precarity and migration. It proposes a multidimensional understanding of the ‘precarious newsroom’ that takes into account the people, organisation and place, as a way to map how different layers of precarity, and responses to them, are articulated, experienced and negotiated. Our research underlines the complex anatomy of the precarious newsroom as a paradoxical place and an amalgamation of precarity and agency.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2021-04-28T11:48:21Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01634437211011556
       
  • Work, play, and precariousness: An overview of the labour ecosystem of
           esports
    • Authors: Mark R Johnson, Jamie Woodcock
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      Professionalised competitive digital gaming or ‘esports’ has grown to a point where millions of dollars are being awarded in competitions watched globally by tens of millions of viewers. Previous analyses of the phenomenon have examined the role(s) of labour in esports performed by various actors – players, tournament organisers, sponsors, game developers – but these have yet to be unified into a ‘big picture’ of esports labour, especially when considering the relationships between the labour performed by different esports actors. In this paper we therefore present a comprehensive overview of the labour that different actors within the emerging Esports ecosystem perform, and how they intersect and influence each other in order to contribute to the existence of this highly contemporary phenomenon. In doing so we show that the rapid growth of Esports has created new labour processes and forms of work, transformed existing ones, yielded new career options, and tremendous profits to be made by a range of involved actors. Esports’ emerging position as a major global industry both within gaming and within contemporary media more broadly demands close attention to its work, its workers, and who is winning and losing in this dynamic media space.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2021-04-28T11:47:00Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01634437211011555
       
  • Toward a non-binary sense of mobility: insights from self-presentation in
           Instagram photography during COVID-19 pandemic
    • Authors: Gloria Yan Dou
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      In this paper, I investigate how Instagrammers re-construct themselves as agentive and digitally mobile despite their physical immobility during the early COVID-19 pandemic. By examining four types of post that emerged or became popular during this period, I delineate how Instagrammers take subject positions to negotiate their (im)mobile selfhood in the online-offline nexus. I contend that as the Instagrammers negotiate their own invisibility and sociality during the lockdown, their physical bodies are reconfigured digitally as part of their multimodal self-presentation, troubling the traditional (im)mobile divide. While this study illuminates the democratic potential of Instagram, it also contemplates the extent of an individual’s agency on a global scale.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2021-04-15T10:19:58Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01634437211008734
       
  • Whitewashing diverse voices: (de)constructing race and ethnicity in
           Spanish-language television dubbing
    • Authors: Laurena Bernabo
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      When television programs are translated for global audiences, languages are changed, but so too are constructions of diverse identities. Characters who are Black, Indigenous, or people of color (BIPOC) undergo transformations in order to be intelligible outside of their original national contexts; such transformations might reinforce these characters’ difference or eliminate it, effectively whitewashing BIPOC voices. This article unpacks this phenomenon by investigating the translation of diverse characters through the lens of the many industrial norms and constraints that shape the dubbing industry. Using the international Fox hit Glee (2009–2015) as an entry point for exploring the role of dubbing in Latin America, this study complicates conventional notions about global media’s imperialist and hybridizing implications by tracing political economy and industrial practices onto the dubbing of Black, Latinx, and Asian television characters.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2021-04-05T08:52:36Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443721999932
       
  • Fat women, performance and subversive commodification on Ghanaian reality
           television
    • Authors: Rashida Resario, Akosua K Darkwah
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      Critics of weight loss reality shows often present the contestants as victims of commodification and exploitation without any form of agency. This paper seeks to contest this one-sided view of such shows. It draws on interviews with the producers and 19 contestants in the first season of a dance reality show in Ghana, the Di Asa show, as well as recorded video performances online. We argue that indeed the show was organised in a manner that commodified the contestants for purposes of improving the ratings of the private television station that hosted the show. However, to read these contestants purely as commodified objects misses half the story. We demonstrate that these contestants participated in the show with parallel motives to that for which the producers created the show, and were successful in their endeavours. They thus engaged in what we call subversive commodification, a situation where the object of commodification actively takes part in the commodification process to gain benefits that accrue solely to them and not the subject of commodification.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2021-04-01T05:35:16Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443721999925
       
  • Can’t wait to feel better: Facebook Live and the recalibration of
           downtime in tending to the body
    • Authors: Dang Nguyen
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      This article explores the temporality of liveness on Facebook Live through the analytical lens of downtime. Downtime is conceptualized here as multiscale: downtime exists in between the micro action and inaction of everyday life, but also in larger episodes of personal and health crises that reorient the body toward technologies for instantaneous replenishment of meaning and activity. Living through downtime with mobile technology enables the experience of oscillation between liveness as simultaneity and liveness as instantaneity. By juxtaposing time-as-algorithmic against time-as-lived through the livestreaming practices of diện chẩn, an emergent unregulated therapeutic method, I show how different enactments of liveness on Facebook Live recalibrate downtime so that the body can reconfigure its being-in-time. The temporal reverberation of downtime and liveness creates an alternative temporal space wherein social practices that are shunned by the temporal structures of institution and society can retune and continue to thrive at the margin of these structures and at the central of the everyday.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2021-03-26T09:53:16Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01634437211003458
       
  • “Why attacking the Bureau of Industry and Commerce'”: news value
           flow to news comments on Chinese social media
    • Authors: Juan He
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      Comments on social media provide a suitable site to view text-reader relations from the perspective of news reading. This article interrogates readers’ evaluative responses to Weibo shared news in China. The study, drawing upon Discursive News Values Analysis and appraisal, first identifies the news values of Eliteness, Personalization, Negativity and Positivity in a news story about car quality sourced from the Weibo network of People’s Daily. Then the following 1027 comments, including Chinese characters and emojis, are investigated by using a mixed-methods approach. The corpus analysis shows that business Eliteness (the Mercedes dealership) and Personalization (the buyer) are convergently valued news actors, while readers evaluate authoritative Eliteness (the Bureau) in an unexpected way. Close examination of the appraisal devices in the comments uncovers a divergence between negative judgment toward Eliteness and positive affect/judgment for Personalization. Emojis play an important role in activating attitudes through the interplay with language. In commentary journalism, the readers’ response can influence news value decisions when there is a mismatch between the news values promoted by news organizations and the values that readers perceive as newsworthy.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2021-03-25T06:25:14Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443721994433
       
  • Friction-free authenticity: mobile social networks and transactional
           affordances
    • Authors: Vincent Manzerolle, Michael Daubs
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      This paper contextualizes and critically examines the incorporation of transactional features into two popular mobile social media apps: Instagram and Snapchat. It examines how mobile social media acts as an interface between culture and commerce. We situate this interface within a larger political economic context in which tech companies are embracing ‘fintech’ to drive growth. We argue that mobile social media platforms play a unique role in monetising personal data and context awareness through their development of ‘transactional affordance’ – a term we develop to understand new features allowing users to connect content to forms of payment. We argue that the success of these affordances is tied to labour associated with the ‘performative authenticity’ of social-media influencers. Our first case study examines the recent development of ‘shopping’ and ‘checkout’ features on Instagram, and the significance of this feature for the economic growth of parent company Facebook. We then look at how the specific development of augmented reality features on Snapchat serve as the basis for new transactional affordances in everyday contexts. We conclude the paper by arguing that the contextual commerce these phenomena entail signals a shift to a transactional culture in which everyday interactions become opportunities for consumption.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2021-03-24T07:22:07Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443721999953
       
  • The limits of representation activism: analyzing Black celebrity politics
           in LeBron James’ The Shop
    • Authors: Brandon Wallace, David L Andrews
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      This discussion centers on a critical textual analysis of 10 episodes of The Shop: Uninterrupted, an HBO television series produced by and starring iconic Black American basketball player LeBron James. The aim is to provide a considered explication of representation activism: the anti-racist strategy keying on collapsing racial hierarchies through accenting positive Black representation, and so advancing greater Black inclusion, within mainstream media (Andrews, 2018; Gilroy, 2000; Godsil and Goodale, 2013). The politics and constructions of Blackness within The Shop exemplify the logical flaws, superficiality, and insipid practical outcomes of representation activism. Though The Shop proclaims to demonstrate Black liberatory representation, this analysis elucidates how The Shop’s centering of the Black celebrity elite as the agents of change falsely universalizes the experiences of everyday Black people; its pursuit of a mythological Black authenticity essentializes and romanticizes Black vernacular and identities; and its mediation through the White racial frame prohibits the articulation of an effective liberatory politics. The discussion concludes by challenging the possibilities of “positive” representation in capitalist media as a credible and sincere tactic of collective Black liberation (Hooks, 1992; Marable, 2015; Spence, 2015; West, 1994); instead, suggesting a grassroots-oriented approach prefigured on targeting the structural roots of racism.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2021-03-16T07:19:03Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443721999952
       
  • French theoretical and methodological influences on Brazilian journalism
           research
    • Authors: Otávio Daros 
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      A significant part of Brazilian journalism research has been influenced by French academic culture. This article reconstructs the last 60 years of journalism studies in Brazil considering the relations established with France since the first scholars at the Institut Français de Presse, but also semioticians, historians, sociologists and philosophers from other institutions. This overview, focused on those who have received French approaches, shows the main trends and challenges that Brazilian scholars have been dealing with developing their own works in methodological and theoretical terms. Each study is commented on within its respective field of knowledge—such as language, sociology, anthropology and history—and then compared with the others. The key argument is that there are several and even conflicting French references that guide the approaches and understandings adopted by journalism researchers in Brazil.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2021-03-16T05:47:04Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443721999936
       
  • Dismembering media diversity: A tryst with two press commissions
    • Authors: Vibodh Parthasarathi
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      How does the governance of the newspaper business in mid-20th century India enrich our understanding of contests over media diversity' This essay examines the anxieties of media diversity in regulatory debates in India during the decades between the two Press Commissions of 1954 and 1982. I argue the contests spawned during these debates being driven as much by normative standpoints on the press as a modern institution as by enumerations of the actual dynamics in the newspaper business. My purpose is twofold: to highlight the anxieties about media diversity expressed by both press commissions and related policy debates in the interim; and to reveal the desires to mitigate the risks to media diversity being undermined by mobilising unqualified notions of media freedom.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2021-03-05T06:57:32Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443721994552
       
  • Media against communication: media/violence and conditionalities of Muslim
           silencing in Northern India
    • Authors: Britta Ohm
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      Understanding the relationship between media and communication as increasingly conflictive under conditions of de-democratization in India, this essay proposes a focus on violence-induced conditionalities of political communication among the affected. I introduce the term ‘media/violence’ as I look at two spaces in North Indian cities that have been turned into ‘Muslim ghettos’ over the past two decades: Jamia Nagar in New Delhi and Juhapura in Ahmedabad (Gujarat). Based on intermittent fieldwork between 2015 and 2020 (partly online), I argue that differences both in the quality of the violence as well as in the interaction between mediated and physical violence executed on the two spaces conditioned long-term options of collective communication (and their absence). The analysis helps us understand how massive political and legal protests could eventually erupt in Jamia Nagar (Shaheen Bagh) in late 2019, while the very reason for protest appears to have eluded residents of Juhapura.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2021-02-26T06:08:58Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443721994531
       
  • Extensions after Man: Race, Counter/insurgency and the Futures of Media
           Theory
    • Authors: Michael Litwack
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      This article returns to the geopolitical scene and racial logics that provide the underacknowledged conditions of Marshall McLuhan’s Understanding Media and, specifically, its well-known proposition that media should be understood foremost as ‘outerings’ or ‘extensions of man’. Attending to the structuring inheritances of racial slavery and the plantation system in this founding statement of mid-twentieth-century media theory, as well as its debt to the literary and intellectual movement of the Southern Agrarians, I consider how the racializing figure of ‘Man’ conserved by the nascent field of media studies was contemporaneously brought to crisis by black (and) anticolonial freedom struggles. Arguing for the need to reread the career of western media theory through its political vocation in attempting to manage this crisis, the article concludes by turning briefly to a revisionary account of media and exteriority also circulated in 1964: the revolutionary intellectual James Boggs’s ‘The Negro and Cybernation’. Boggs’s writings, which situate emergent forms of computing and cybernation within a longer materialist genealogy of race, capitalism and technology, offer both a proleptic critique of the early disciplinary formation of media theory and a divergent set of coordinates for approaching media technology on the terrain of black political struggle.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2021-02-22T07:19:28Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443721994532
       
  • The libidinal economy of vernacularisation: modernity, sexuality and
           Bhojpuri media
    • Authors: Akshaya Kumar
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      The last two decades have witnessed a notable proliferation of media industries producing low-budget digital films and music videos. These media industries routinely stage a confrontation between modernity and a fantasy of pure cultural traditions. The bulk of their content deploys the male star as an extraordinary crossover figure – the only one capable of bringing modernity and its vernacular outsides on the negotiating table. Drawing upon the trajectory of Bhojpuri media industry – referring to the language spoken in parts of eastern Uttar Pradesh and western Bihar – this paper discusses, via Bruno Latour, the fundamental discord at the heart of modernity. I argue that the libidinal economy has emerged as a narrative simplification of the purifying imperative of modernity, haunted as it is by the concurrent hybridizing force-field.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2021-02-20T09:53:59Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443721994543
       
  • Global online platforms, COVID-19, and culture: The global pandemic, an
           accelerator towards which direction'
    • Authors: Antonios Vlassis
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      The article proposes to consider the COVID-19 global pandemic as new major development for cultural industries and policies and to highlight timely and crucial trends due to the lockdown measures. Thus, it attempts to stimulate the scholarship debate regarding the consequences of the pandemic to the action of global online platforms, as well as to policy and economic aspects of cultural sectors. Taking as case study the audio-visual sector, the article explores whether the US global streaming platforms are the winning players of the lockdown measures and emphasizes the multifaceted strategies developed by US-based platforms in order to strengthen their soft power. Focusing on China and the European Union, the article also argues that the overwhelming action of US-based online platforms triggers the potential emergence of media platform regionalization in the context of COVID-19 pandemic. Finally, it highlights the regulatory challenges and how the new empirical trends are expected to shape the current audio-visual policy framework. The analysis focuses on the period between the beginning of global pandemic in Asia-Pacific in January 2020 and the progressive easing of lockdown measures in North America, Europe and Asia-Pacific in July 2020.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2021-02-19T05:48:19Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443721994537
       
  • Public intimacy in social media: The mass audience as a third party
    • Authors: Danny Kaplan
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      This study presents a novel analysis of social network sites as a staged performance of interpersonal ties in front of a third party, here defined as public intimacy. This concept moves away from the current focus on the presentation of self in social media to the performance of relationships. Users of social media are compared to an interactive audience in a round theater. As inner circle network members display their exclusive ties in front of ther users they may also tease them into joining the conversation. Building on studies of Simmelian ties, interactive exchange, and phatic communication the study presents six characteristics of public intimacy along with brief examples drawn from users’ experiences on Facebook and Twitter. It is concluded that by mediating the shift from dyad to triad and from triad to mass community social media do not necessarily entail a reduction in intimacy but rather a concretization of social relations. The recursive relationship between interpersonal ties and mass solidarity is sustained and reaffirmed thanks to triadic interactions of public intimacy.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2021-02-12T06:08:20Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443721991087
       
  • Queering the Map: Stories of love, loss and (be)longing within a digital
           cartographic archive
    • Authors: Emma Kirby, Ash Watson, Brendan Churchill, Brady Robards, Lucas LaRochelle
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      The rise of crowdsourced and participatory digital platforms which aim to make visible the experiences of otherwise marginalised people are significant within the broader landscape of digitally mediated community spaces. One example of such media is Queering the Map, a digital storymapping platform where users anonymously pin ‘queer moments’ and memories to places. While the mediation of affect and intimacy in digital spaces among queer people is increasingly attended to in scholarly work, the cartographic and archival remains hitherto underexplored. Drawing on an analysis of almost 2000 micro-stories geolocated to Australia, in this article we explore various aspects of story contribution that situate Queering the Map as a lively cartographic archive. Rather than necessarily anonymous (as the platform dictates), the posts, we argue, entail various deliberated directions or gestures, encoded for audiences: what we term stories for someone. We highlight these publicly private stories’ connective and affective underpinnings, and the political potentialities (and problems) therein for queer belonging and community-building. In doing so we seek to contribute to scholarship on digital archives, crowdsourcing, and advance conceptualisations of digital intimacies.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2021-01-22T06:15:06Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720986005
       
  • “Dangerous organizations: Facebook’s content moderation decisions and
           ethnic visibility in Myanmar”
    • Authors: Jeffrey Sablosky
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      On February 5th, 2019 Facebook labeled four Ethnic Armed Organizations (EAOs) in Myanmar as “Dangerous Organizations” thereby formally banning them from using the company’s platform. At the time of the company’s announcement, all four of these groups were in open conflict with the Myanmar military (Tatmadaw) who were themselves in the process of being prosecuted for genocide in the International Court of Justice. As a principle vector for communication in Myanmar, Facebook’s decision directly impacted the ability of these groups to connect with national and international stakeholders during their conflicts with the Tatmadaw. This study looks to examine this decision and other content moderation decisions involving ethnic speech within Myanmar to document Facebook’s evolution from a tool for democratic liberalization to international political authority. While outwardly projecting a stance of neutrality in foreign affairs, this work seeks to demarcate how Facebook’s content moderation practices have transformed the company into a new governmental apparatus freely adjudicating political speech claims around the globe with virtual impunity. Building on scholarly discussions around content moderation and digital governance in media studies, I look to interrogate how Facebook’s positionality affects ethnic visibility in nations beholden to the company for national and worldwide recognition.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2021-01-21T07:39:55Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720987751
       
  • The liberatory potentials of multimodality: Collaborative Reggaeton music
           video production in Habana, Cuba
    • Authors: Eliza D Butler, Tori K Flint, Ana Christina da Silva Iddings
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      This study took place in Habana, Cuba over approximately 1 year, wherein the researcher collaborated with Reggaeton artists. While scholarship in multimodality has explored its potentials for literacy pedagogy, developing new literacies, and expanding identity possibilities, less research has focused on the creation of the spaces, tools, and resources required for composing multimodal products and on the liberatory dimensions of multimodality. This study highlights the backstories of these production processes, including the innovative use(s) of spaces and tools, the resources leveraged in order to construct and distribute multimodal media, and the ways artists made meaning together. The findings elucidate the ways the artists leveraged their ingenuity, collaboratively developed digital literacy practices, and produced multimodal texts to create new possibilities.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2021-01-19T06:53:59Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720987747
       
  • Activist communication design on social media: The case of online
           solidarity against forced Islamic lifestyle
    • Authors: Balca Arda, Ayşegül Akdemir
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      This article explores the relationship between connective and collective group identity through the example of “You Won’t Walk Alone,” a social media platform of solidarity for women suffering from the pressures of Islamic dress code in Turkey. While Turkey has a long history of conservative women’s initiatives against secular institutional code and of secular women against Islamic and misogynist social reactions, the social media platform You Won’t Walk Alone (Yalnız Yürümeyeceksin) illustrates a striking self-reflexivity of women mobilizing against their very own conservative communities. The research is based on multimodal content analysis of the posts including both images and texts in order to grasp to what extent social media offers a genuine public space for anonymous participants of the online platform as opposed to digitally networked movements which primarily reflect personalized agency. We analyze how connective and collective group identity can be correlated in this case in which online participants build solidarity by sharing content anonymously. Hence, this article questions the ways in which activist design of communication affects and shapes activism through this case study.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2021-01-09T10:52:45Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720986002
       
  • Public service media in the age of SVoDs: A comparative study of PSM
           strategic responses in Flanders, Italy and the UK
    • Authors: Alessandro D’Arma, Tim Raats, Jeanette Steemers
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      Netflix and other transnational online video streaming services are disrupting long-established arrangements in national television systems around the world. In this paper we analyse how public service media (PSM) organisations (key purveyors of societal goals in broadcasting) are responding to the fast-growing popularity of these new services. Drawing on Philip Napoli’s framework for analysing strategic responses by established media to threats of competitive displacement by new media, we find that the three PSM organisations in our study exhibit commonalities. Their responses have tended to follow a particular evolution starting with different levels of complacency and resistance before settling into more coherent strategies revolving around efforts to differentiate PSM offerings, while also diversifying into activities, primarily across new platforms, that mimic SVoD approaches and probe production collaborations. Beyond these similarities, however, we also find that a range of contextual factors (including path-dependency, the role and status of PSM in each country, the degree of additional government support, cultural factors and market size) help explain nuances in strategic responses between our three cases.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2021-01-07T11:44:30Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720972909
       
  • BTS as method: a counter-hegemonic culture in the network society
    • Authors: Ju Oak Kim
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      This study focuses on the BTS sensation, examining how three entities – digital networks, the K-pop industry, and fandom – have engaged in the production of an alternative global culture. Based on a multimodal critical discourse analysis of this rising cultural act, the current study pays attention to the dialectical interaction of digital transformation and cultural subjectivization in the contemporary music ecosystem. By integrating Manuel Castells’ notion of the network society into Stuart Hall’s articulation of cultural resistance, I consider BTS as a counter-hegemonic cultural formation from the periphery within the network society. I also argue that the BTS phenomenon has not only unveiled the ideological dimension of Korean cultural formations, but has also proposed new possibilities of non-western and peripheral societies and subjects in the globally networked cultural sphere.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2021-01-07T07:32:17Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720986029
       
  • Economic Life: global capital, financial journalism, and independent media
    • Authors: Annemarie Iddins
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      This article examines financial journalism in Morocco during the 1990s, focusing on the tenure of French press magnate Jean-Louis Servan-Schreiber at La Vie économique (LVE) and the entrance of global capital into Morocco’s media market. At LVE Servan-Schreiber assembled a group of young reporters, columnists and analysts who came to journalism through finance and financial journalism at a time when Morocco was in the throes of economic liberalization. This moment proved formative for a new generation of media ownership and demonstrates a shift in media-state relations toward an ambivalent authoritarianism, defined by a new openness to complementary interests of media and the state. Bringing together political economy and textual analysis based on archival research, this article argues that financial journalism set the stage for a commercialization of independent media in Morocco that is characterized by recognition of media’s role as both a facilitator for global capital and a powerful player in the realm of geopolitics. Additionally, on the domestic front, the economic press paves the way for the reentry of politics into public discourse and a liberal approach that attempts to work within the constraints of capital while not eschewing critique.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2021-01-07T07:32:02Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720986024
       
  • Media framing of COVID-19 pandemic in the transitional regime of Serbia:
           Exploring discourses and strategies
    • Authors: Irina Milutinović
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      The subject of this study is media discourse on the Covid-19 pandemic in the Republic of Serbia. The study seeks to contribute to the understanding of the communication aspects of the current public health crisis within the transitional (hybrid) regime of Serbia. One of the paper’s objectives is to explore how Serbian media frame the discourse on the Covid-19 pandemic. The second objective is to examine whether journalists produce investigative and analytical contents on this pressing topic independently or just mediate to the public patterns created by the public health crisis management. By applying language analysis and intertextual analysis methods to a sample of 230 media texts, we point to the incoherence of media discourse on the Covid-19 pandemic, as well as to the lack of media independence in an environment of the permanent political campaign.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2021-01-07T07:31:22Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720986003
       
  • The conquest of the world as meme: memetic visuality and political humor
           in critiques of the hindu right wing in India
    • Authors: Anirban K. Baishya
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      With the rise of internet-based digital participatory cultures in India, social networks have become sites of volatile political discourse. As in other countries such as Brazil, China and Russia, this has led to the concurrent eruption of memes in India’s political landscape. This paper examines humorous politicized memes that are deployed to critique the Hindu right-wing in India. Through an examination of the formal nature of the meme and its connection to other visual forms such as the caricature, the visual joke and the graphic novel, I demonstrate how seemingly frivolous objects can hold potential for serious discourse. Employing a mix of visual and textual analysis, as well as a survey of virally circulating memes on Twitter, Facebook and Instagram, I forward the concept of “memetic visuality”—a mode of imagining the world and the political community through a series of intertextual connections. I argue that social media communication has led to the eruption of a memetic mode of engaging with political culture in India, in which virally fueled parody and satire infuses seemingly non-memetic objects with meme-like characteristics. In doing so, memetic political discourse in India becomes part of a larger global language of online political discourse.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2021-01-05T06:53:24Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720986039
       
  • Commemorating from a distance: the digital transformation of Holocaust
           memory in times of COVID-19
    • Authors: Tobias Ebbrecht-Hartmann
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      The severe restrictions on public life in many countries following the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic specifically affected Holocaust memorials and museums in all parts of the world, especially in Europe and in Israel. These measures posed a significant challenge, because contemporary forms of Holocaust commemoration are particularly based on the personal experience of presence at museums and historical sites. In contrast to the experience of distancing in face of the COVID-19 pandemic, establishing the presence of the past is thus a crucial element of contemporary Holocaust commemoration. This article explores the relationship between presence and absence, proximity and distance, guided commemoration and online engagement by critically analyzing digital activities of Holocaust memorials and museums in response to the pandemic. It argues that in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, Holocaust memorials began experimenting with the potential of social media for Holocaust memory. These experiments finally accepted the ongoing generational change and reacted to significant previous shifts in media consumption that were already affecting Holocaust commemoration.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-12-24T09:36:37Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720983276
       
  • Browsing with Alexa: Interrogating the impact of voice assistants as web
           interfaces
    • Authors: Simone Natale, Henry Cooke
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      Voice assistants such as Siri, Alexa, and Google Assistant have recently been the subject of lively debates in regard to issues such as artificial intelligence, surveillance, gender stereotypes, and privacy. Less attention, however, has been given to the fact that voice assistants are also web interfaces that might impact on how the web is accessed, understood and employed by users. This article aims to advance work in this context by identifying a range of issues that should spark additional reflections and discussions within communication and media studies and related fields. In particular, the article focuses on three key issues that have to do with long-standing discussions about the social and political impact of the internet: the role of web platforms in shaping information access, the relationship between production and consumption online, and the role of affect in informing engagement with web resources. Considering these issues in regard to voice assistants not only helps contextualize these technologies within existing debates in communication and media studies, but also highlights that voice assistants pose novel questions to internet research, challenging assumptions of what the web looks like as speech becomes one of the key ways to access resources and information online.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-12-24T09:33:37Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720983295
       
  • Space as the ideological state apparatus (ISA): the invisible fetter on
           social movements in China
    • Authors: Yipeng Xi, Aaron Ng
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      Contrary to existing literature analyzing how public spaces are strategic mobilization resources for activists, we focus on the inconspicuous constraints placed by the state on public spaces that limit their utility as mobilization resources. Employing the spatial dimensions of social movement theory and Althusser’s state power theory analyze an activism case in Guangzhou, China, we argue that through everyday spatial governance by the state, public spaces in China are also forms of ideological state apparatuses that latently disrupt activists’ attempts to engage in contentious spatial practices to gain resources through media coverage. We further propose the concept of ‘spatial inertia’, which are durable, routine, and diversified spatial meaning-making practices mediated through media coverage that affect the success of social movements. This paper complements social movement scholarship by examining how the state, through latent processes exercised using public spaces as ideological state apparatuses, competes with and subverts activists’ efforts to use these spaces as strategic resources for collective mobilization, especially in authoritarian contexts.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-12-19T08:51:22Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720977302
       
  • Defusing moral panic: Legitimizing binge-watching as manageable,
           high-quality, middle-class hedonism
    • Authors: Kobe De Keere, Estrelle Thunnissen, Giselinde Kuipers
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      The rise of video-on-demand streaming services has facilitated more intensive television watching. When novel consumption behaviors emerge, cultural intermediaries may be mobilized to make sense of it and potentially legitimize it. This often takes place by raising moral panic, as it draws attention to new cultural practices and asks tastemakers to take a stance. The current study takes “binge-watching” as a discursive anchor point to investigate this process. We argue that moral panic is not only a strategy that can be employed to condemn cultural practices, but by deflecting moral concerns through mechanisms of social distinction, it can also allow intermediaries to normalize new cultural phenomena. Through inductive and deductive coding of U.S. news articles on binge-watching (n: 681), we discern three pathways through which intensive video-on-demand watching is reframed: first, the shows that are binge-watched are high quality; second, binge-watching can be controlled, at least by the right type of audiences; and third, binge-watching is fun, in that if undertaken in moderation, it can be good for viewers. All three pathways resonate strongly with new middle-class dispositions. This study shows how the legitimization of new cultural boundaries demands an interplay between social distinction and moralization.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-12-16T11:33:04Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720972315
       
  • Mind the (cultural) gap: International news channels and the challenge of
           attracting Latin American audiences
    • Authors: Pablo Sebastian Morales
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      This article explores the role of cultural proximity in the perception of international news channels in Latin America by focusing on the cases of CGTN (China), RT (Russia) and HispanTV (Iran). Instrumental to the public diplomacy strategies of their home countries, the success of international broadcasters depends on if/whether audiences accept them. Based on a series of focus groups conducted in Mexico and Argentina, this article argues that cultural proximity strongly influences viewers’ aesthetic experience. The findings show that international broadcasters from culturally distant countries bridge the cultural gap by evoking the style of western broadcasters while dissociating themselves from perceived negative images of their own countries of origin. At a deeper level, cultural proximity entails inclusionary and exclusionary processes even within subcultural spheres. Finally, the findings also show how issues of representation can undermine channel identification by audiences.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-12-15T11:54:23Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720972307
       
  • Folk theories of algorithms: Understanding digital irritation
    • Authors: Brita Ytre-Arne, Hallvard Moe
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      This article draws on the framework of “folk theories” to analyze how people perceive algorithms in the media. Taking algorithms as a prime case to investigate how people respond to datafication in everyday media use, we ask how people perceive positive and negative consequences of algorithms. To answer our question, we conduct qualitative thematic analysis of open-ended answers from a 2019 representative survey among Norwegians, identifying five folk theories: algorithms are confining, practical, reductive, intangible, and exploitative. We situate our analysis in relation to different application of folk theory approaches, and discuss our findings in light of emerging work on perceptions of algorithms and critiques of datafication, including the concept digital resignation. We conclude that rather than resignation, digital irritation emerges as a central emotional response, with a small but significant potential to inspire future political action against datafication.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-12-15T10:37:59Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720972314
       
  • Differentiation of series and tastes for TV series: The French case
    • Authors: Clément Combes, Hervé Glevarec
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      In the field of cultural practice, TV series emerged in the 1990s as a radically renewed cultural object and has met a growing audience. Much has been written about the renewal of the genre, but little, thus far, about the sociology of its viewership. Based on a representative survey of the practices and preferences of French adults, conducted in 2017, this article assesses the hypothesis of a differentiation of taste and practices for TV series. It draws on a factorial analysis and a hierarchical classification of TV series to examine the factors structuring this practice. It appears that the practice of series articulates three kinds of differentiation: by series (long tail), by uses (television vs new media), and by tastes (socio-existential questioning expressed by the age and socio-political anchoring of viewers).
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-12-15T10:37:50Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720977277
       
  • Whose pedagogy is it anyway' Decolonizing the syllabus through a
           critical embrace of difference
    • Authors: Sulafa Zidani
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      The higher-education student body in the United States is increasingly diverse. Diversity and transnationalism are present in the classroom through the increased numbers of students and instructors who are international and/or non-White-identifying. However, syllabi in media, communication, and cultural studies remain centered around an orthodox body of literature that has come to be conceived of as the canon, consisting of scholars who are mostly white, male, and U.S.-American or European. This essay brings communication, culture, and media studies theories into conversation with critical pedagogy to suggest changes in the organization of syllabi and class activities. Namely, I use participatory culture, critical and decolonial pedagogical theories, and Black and transnational feminist pedagogy, to suggest a critical embrace of different as an approach for designing syllabi that center the students rather than the Western-rooted tradition. This paper is part of the critical body of knowledge that pushes for a decolonizing and transnationalizing intervention in higher education.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-12-15T10:37:20Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720980922
       
  • Fake news as fake politics: the digital materialities of YouTube
           misinformation videos about Brazilian oil spill catastrophe
    • Authors: André Luiz Martins Lemos, Elias Cunha Bitencourt, João Guilherme Bastos dos Santos
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      This article investigates misinformation chains – fake news and clickbait – related to the 2019 oil spill along the coast of Northeast Brazil. A link between the intensive use of misinformation on YouTube and the environmental impact of digital media and algorithmic performativity has been found by analyzing videos about the 2019 Brazilian oil spill. A total of 591 YouTube videos were extracted based on a search for the hashtags ‘oleononordeste’, ‘vazamentopetroleo’, and ‘greenpixe’. The data thus obtained suggest that most of the corpus (80.37%) consists of misinformation, of which 65.82% (389 videos) is clickbait and 14.55% (86 videos) fake news. YouTube misinformation videos produced around 1.42 MtCO2e, the equivalent of burning 3.30 barrels of oil. We argue that misinformation chains increase pollution and carbon footprint as a result of at least three factors: (a) the extra energy cost of feeding algorithms; (b) increased algorithmic resistance to the visibility of journalistic information; and (c) undermining public debate about environmental catastrophes in favor of private interests (fake politics).
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-12-04T11:32:59Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720977301
       
  • Political discussion as a propaganda spectacle: propaganda talk shows on
           contemporary Russian television
    • Authors: Petr Gulenko
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      This article explores the mechanisms used by the creators of Russian political talk shows to turn public discussion into a propaganda display. Analysis of three popular shows demonstrates that informational selectiveness combined with an illusion of equal representation among guests with opposing views are the main mechanisms in the process of pre-production. The roles chosen by talk show hosts demonstrate the various communicative techniques used to achieve propaganda objectives, while the major propagandistic tool is discrediting opponents of the Russian authorities. The reactions of the audience are framed to create a fictitious background of ‘nationwide support’ for the propaganda discourse.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-11-27T09:32:39Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720974230
       
  • Writing between the ‘red lines’: Morocco’s digital media
           landscape
    • Authors: Abdelfettah Benchenna, Dominique Marchetti
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      This article presents an overview of the emergence of online news sites, which has radically altered news provision and media consumption patterns in Morocco. This sector has rapidly become a strategic site. Firstly, its precedence over print media and national television networks does not only stem from the high traffic figures of news websites. Along with certain social platforms, these websites are the only vehicules for 24/7 news in a country which currently has just one such news channel and where, in spite of the ‘liberalisation’ of media, national networks provide very institutionalised news programs based on the activities of the state official institutions and of the monarchy. Secondly, certain domestic Arabic-language news websites have become the main platform for the voicing of political dissent. Based on 31 interviews, the article briefly describes the historical development of the online press, since the ‘February 20th Movement’ of 2011. This case study provides a good example of the new challenges surrounding the control of information: an issue long shaped by the limitation of news provision to duly authorised political and journalistic organisations and by limited ‘demand’ resulting from widespread illiteracy. This article describes how the Moroccan establishment react to the explosive growth of online news media by creating new mechanisms to control it.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-11-23T09:34:21Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720972316
       
  • From asymmetric dependency to discursive disengagement: How social
           movements and the media/public talked past each other
    • Authors: Hao Cao
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      Social movement-media/public interaction has been largely examined from the lens of “asymmetric dependency” in which both movements’ representation and self-understanding are mainly shaped by their media and public opinion environment. The introduction of digital technologies, however, has diversified this discursive environment and seemed to reverse the uneven dynamics. Using a case study of a protest campaign organized by Chinese American immigrants, this study demonstrates a new pattern of movement-media/public dynamics that goes beyond the “asymmetric dependency” model or its obverse. In the aftermath of a Chinese American police officer who shot a black man to death, Chinese immigrants stood with him and deliberated on WeChat, a China-based digital platform engineered like a “walled garden.” The technolinguistic enclosure of the platform facilitated the development of a separate interpretative universe in the WeChatsphere vis-à-vis the one in the mediasphere. Later, even when immigrant protesters confronted the public in the Twittersphere, they continued talking past each other. By unpacking the decoupling processes between movements and the media/public, this study shifts the research focus from understanding their interaction to examining their disengagement, as well as the “filter bubble” effects that contribute to contemporary fragmentation and polarization in political and civic engagements.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-11-23T09:33:51Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720972317
       
  • Buying on Weixin/WeChat: Proposing a sociomaterial approach of platform
           studies
    • Authors: Weiying Peng, Wilfred Yang Wang
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      This article examines the social-commercial activity of microcommerce (wei shang), which has become popular on Weixin (WeChat), one of the most popular messenger applications/social app installed on smartphones in China. By drawing on the notion of platform affordances and data collected from mixed methods centered on the analysis of primary and secondary data, we contend that microcommerce embodies Weixin’s structural (political economy) and cultural (social lives and norms) qualities in China. While microcommerce might have emerged from Weixin’s ecosystem, which is defined by corporate interest and state’s regulatory power, the practice of microcommerce is embedded within the traditional Chinese notion of shuren guanxi (familiar, non-stranger social relational) networks. This article puts forward a sociomaterial approach as a possible conceptual complement to the existing political economy approach of platform studies to call for greater attention to the intersection and interaction between the structural arrangements and social conditions of platform media.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-11-04T09:19:05Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720968460
       
  • Media scarcity in an age of information abundance: the case of MK veterans
    • Authors: Greg Elmer
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      This paper questions the dominant attention economy and media abundance framework in media studies by questioning the mediated politics of ‘media scarce’ communities and individuals. Focusing on the armed wing of the African National Congress (MK), the paper questions how media scarcity affects a group’s ability to engage in public campaigns, given their lack of historical media documentation. The paper analyzes how the MK developed various media tactics to overcome their lack of media documentation, both during the fight against the Apartheid state and in present day campaigns for military veterans’ rights.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-10-30T12:32:41Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720968173
       
  • A [White] Cyborg’s Manifesto: the overwhelmingly Western ideology
           driving technofeminist theory
    • Authors: Julia R DeCook
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      ‘A Cyborg Manifesto’ is a required reading in many graduate programs to explore technofeminism, transhumanism, and studies of science and technology to explore notions of gender, race, and other minoritized identities. However, in this essay, I note the ways that Haraway’s piece still exacerbates categories of difference, and my own difficulties and critiques of the cyborg identity. I encourage readers to not only consider its importance, but also the limits of the cyborg identity, and how the concept of cyborg itself is fraught with a Western, patriarchal violence that cannot be ignored in the greater context of technology and technological innovation. Although useful in imagining a departure from traditional categories of difference, I inquire as to whether it upholds the very things it purported to dismantle, and explore other scholars’ works in challenging the concept. Ultimately, ‘cyborgs’ are not outside of the politics within which they exist, and must be interpreted in relation to other identity categories without upholding whiteness and Western epistemologies as the center.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-09-28T09:36:43Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720957891
       
  • From scheduling to trans-programming
    • Authors: Hanne Bruun
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      Based on findings from a production study, this article explores and discusses the impact of streaming on television scheduling. Especially within public service television companies, scheduling for traditional linear television is currently transforming into what this article terms trans-programming. This development makes the work of the schedulers more important as well as more difficult than ever. The article argues that this development is a result of the integration of linear channels and non-linear services within the companies’ portfolios, which is leading to a merger between linear and non-linear promotion and distribution strategies for the content. A trans-programme is being produced, and this is becoming the key competitive tool in the current transformation of the television industry. The focus on the trans-programme involve organisational changes, but in train with this it actualises new and familiar issues and dilemmas in the production culture involving commissioning. These issues call for further research.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-09-16T07:15:22Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720957556
       
  • Digital mourning on Facebook: the case of Filipino migrant worker live-in
           caregivers in Israel
    • Authors: Deby Babis
      First page: 397
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      The practice of mourning on social media, known as digital mourning, has become a worldwide phenomenon. While scholarly attention focuses on manifestations of online grief, there is a dearth of research regarding this process among immigrants. Based on a digital ethnography on Facebook on the Filipino community in Israel, this study inquires how migrant workers construct their mourning on digital networks. Focusing on grief upon death in the host country, two different practices of digital mourning were found. When Filipino live-in caregivers announce the loss of their elderly employers, their personal pain is shared on their own Facebook wall, receiving personal condolence comments. However, when a fellow Filipino migrant worker passes away, the pain is shared in closed community groups on Facebook, which are followed by thousands of condolence comments. This practice creates a communal feeling that can be termed Communal Digital Grief, and differs from the Personal Digital Grief experienced by migrants as a result of the loss of their employer. This study sheds light on two different practices of digital mourning. One appears on the personal Facebook walls of the bereaved and has therapeutic impact, while the other appears on closed Facebook groups and contributes to community building.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-10-01T06:42:24Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720957550
       
  • ‘Yo Te AMLO’: Sentimentalism, threat and affective flows in political
           campaign song videos in Mexico
    • Authors: Andrew Green
      First page: 411
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      Campaign song created as part of Mexico’s 2018 national election, usually circulated as part of music videos, produced citizenship as intimate, sentimental, affectionate and partial. In music videos published online, often anonymously, musicians sought to develop affective links with political candidates, negotiating intimate pathways for the construction of democratic subjectivities. Such videos pose difficult questions for the notion of the rational, information-driven voter. In this article I take a partly ethnographic, partly analytical approach to explore the rich set of affordances these videos present for the construction of political coalitions within emerging democracies. Exploring Brian Massumi’s theory of ‘ontopower’, I show how overlaps between threat and love served to heighten political indeterminacy, and demonstrate some of the perverse effects of this affective entanglement on the musicians involved. These videos, I highlight, raise questions about the power relations between political campaigns and audiovisual creativity in an increasingly rich media landscape.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-11-27T09:32:59Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720974248
       
  • Post-gay television: LGBTQ representation and the negotiation of
           ‘normal’ in MTV’s Faking It
    • Authors: Whitney Monaghan
      First page: 428
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      LGBTQ representation has dramatically increased on US television over the past two decades. While many media scholars highlight the importance of LGBTQ characters moving from television’s margins to the mainstream, others critique this increase in visibility. They argue that media mainstreaming promotes neoliberalism through post-gay or post-queer sensibilities. This article moves beyond quantitative studies of LGBTQ representation to map and interrogate neoliberal discourses within narrative television produced in the United States. It examines how a specific set of post-gay politics characterized by themes of ‘tolerance, acceptance and genuine love’ mask a troubling politics of normalization. This article demonstrates how these ideas have been reproduced in adult gay and lesbian characters on mainstream US television series, and subsequently negotiated by the gender and sexually diverse youth of contemporary teen television. Taking MTV’s Faking It as a primary case study, this article demonstrates how youth-oriented media both embrace and critique the neoliberal ideology of the post-gay era.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-09-24T07:44:27Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720957553
       
  • Techno-emotional mediations of transnational intimacy: social media and
           care relations in long-distance Romanian families
    • Authors: Donya Alinejad
      First page: 444
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      The transnational circulation of intimate care is increasingly mediated by digital communications. Research conceptualizing long-distance emotional intimacy in terms of ‘care chains’ has been influential in understanding international care economies. Yet, this framework has limitations for theorizing the role of media in communications of care. With a focus on the ‘left-behind’ family members of Romanian economic migrants, this paper investigates how the use of social media apps and mobile devices within the context of a major intra-EU labor migration phenomenon helps people stay in touch with their transnationally mobile loved ones. It draws on interview material elicited among the close family members of Romanian labor migrants living in Bucharest and surrounding areas. The analysis focuses on the sensory role of social media platforms and the materiality of smartphones in shaping relations of long-distance emotional care. Showing how video calling and photo sharing practices produce emotional experiences that are specific to contemporary combinations of platform-device technicity and social sensitization, the paper argues for conceptualizing transnational care as a mediated emotional experience. By theorizing the role of media in how care is not merely transferred but felt through mediation, the paper demonstrates how media practices produce a techno-emotional mediation of transnational care.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-11-23T09:34:11Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720972313
       
  • Diversity and data: an ontology of race and ethnicity in the British Film
           Institute’s Diversity Standards
    • Authors: Clive James Nwonka
      First page: 460
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      This article addresses the role of data in the analysis of racial diversity in the UK film industry. Due to the prolonged poor representation of racial difference, academic researchers increasingly identify the UK film sector as a particular site of multi-dimensional structural inequalities. This article will assess the impact of data-led interventions made by the UK film industry to increase the presence of BAME individuals within the sector. It will do this through an analysis of the policy approach of the UK’s lead body for film, the British Film Institute, examining how one major policy initiative, the BFI’s Diversity Standards launched in 2016 as an industry intervention into prevailing sector inequalities, has sought to achieve racial diversity and inclusion across its Film Fund-supported film productions between 2016 and 2019. Analysing cross-sectional data from 235 films which is aggregated across differing film genres, budgets and regions, the study assesses how the outcomes of the Diversity Standards have offered a representation of racial diversity across these production areas.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-11-10T09:33:59Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720960926
       
  • Domestication outside of the domestic: shaping technology and child in an
           educational moral economy
    • Authors: Carolina Martínez, Tobias Olsson
      First page: 480
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      This article explores the usability of domestication theory in an educational setting integrating a wide variety of information and communication technologies (ICTs). More specifically, the article analyses domestication of digital media in the Swedish leisure-time centre (LTC), an institution in which children receive education and care before and after compulsory school. The study draws on qualitative in-depth interviews with 21 teachers as well as observations of LTCs. The article reveals what it means to have limited agency as an educator when ICTs are appropriated, and further illustrates the contradictory fact that mobile phones are objectified as stationary technologies. It also shows how both devices and content are incorporated in ways that are perceived suitable to the LTCs’ educational moral economy. An especially interesting finding is the extent to which domestication theory sheds light on power relations when applied outside of the domestic sphere.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-08-12T07:53:28Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720948011
       
  • Hooking up with friends: LGBTQ+ young people, dating apps, friendship and
           safety
    • Authors: Paul Byron, Kath Albury, Tinonee Pym
      First page: 497
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      Research exploring digital intimate publics tends to consider social media platforms and dating/hook-up apps separately, implying distance between social and sexual communication practices. This paper troubles that delineation by drawing on LGBTQ+ young people’s accounts of negotiating safety and risk in dating/hook-up apps, in which friendship practices are significant. We explore four key themes of friendship that arose in our analysis of interviews and workshop discussions: sharing mutuals (or friends-in-common) with potential dates/hook-ups; making friends through apps; friends supporting app negotiations; and friends’ involvement in safety strategies. Through analysis of these data, we firstly argue that friendship is often both an outcome and an organising force of LGBTQ+ young people’s uses of dating/hook-up apps, and secondly, that media sites commonly defined as social (e.g. Instagram) or sexual (e.g. Tinder) are imbricated, with friendship contouring queer sex and dating practices.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-12-24T09:36:57Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720972312
       
  • Domesticating dating apps: Non-single Chinese gay men’s dating app use
           and negotiations of relational boundaries
    • Authors: Shangwei Wu
      First page: 515
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      Dating app use is prevalent among non-single Chinese gay men. Applying domestication theory, this study explores how dating apps can be accepted in gay romantic relationships. The author argues that the domestication of technological artifacts unfolds on four dimensions: the practical, the symbolic, the cognitive, and the relational. Findings show that dating apps serve a dual role: a pool of sexual or romantic alternatives and a channel to the gay community. Although the former constitutes a threat to monogamy, the latter leaves room for a couple’s negotiation for acceptable but restricted uses. This negotiation is in tandem with the negotiation of relational boundaries, which leads to either the reinforcement of monogamy or the embrace of non-monogamy. Meanwhile, one can perceive dating apps to be as unremarkable as other social media platforms. This is achieved through a cognitive process where gay men learn to debunk the arbitrary association between dating apps and infidelity. Monogamous or not, they put faith in user agency, not perceiving dating apps as a real threat to romantic relationships.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-12-04T11:31:51Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720974240
       
  • Right-wing populism and the criminalization of sea-rescue NGOs: the
           ‘Sea-Watch 3’ case in Italy, and Matteo Salvini’s communication on
           Facebook
    • Authors: Carlo Berti
      First page: 532
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      The contemporary outbreak of right-wing populism in combination with increasing migratory flows toward Europe raises concerns about the social construction of migrations and migrants and the policy orientations toward them. Research indicated worrying tendencies to perceive migrations negatively and criminalize migrants. However, this paper focuses on a different tactic adopted by a number of populist forces: the criminalization of sea-rescue NGOs. In particular, it presents the case-study of Sea-Watch 3, an NGO sea-rescue vessel which docked in Italy with several migrants on board in June 2019, after a long struggle with Minister of Internal Affairs Matteo Salvini, the leader of the League (a right-wing, anti-migrants populist party). By means of content analysis, the paper discusses Salvini’s Facebook communication strategy about the event. The aim of this study is to cast new light on how the criminalization of NGOs can be exploited to reinforce other aspects of right-wing populism, such as anti-elitism, nationalism, exclusionary politics, personalization, and polarization. In this respect, the implications of criminalizing sea-rescue NGOs for policy orientations and policymaking are also highlighted.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-09-16T07:14:15Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720957564
       
  • Mutual affordances: the dynamics between social media and populism
    • Authors: Jeroen Hopster
      First page: 551
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      In a recent contribution to this journal Paolo Gerbaudo has argued that an ‘elective affinity’ exists between social media and populism. The present article expands on Gerbaudo’s argument and examines various dimensions of this affinity in further detail. It argues that it is helpful to conceptually reframe the proposed affinity in terms of affordances. Four affordances are identified which make the social media ecology relatively favourable to both-right as well as left-wing populism, compared to the pre-social media ecology. These affordances are neither stable nor uniquely fixed: they change in concordance with ongoing technological developments and in response to political events. Even though these dynamics can be quick-moving, a fairly stable alliance of interests between social media and populism seems to have emerged over the last decade. This raises the plausibility that as long as the current social media ecology persists, populist tendencies will remain prevalent in politics.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-09-24T07:45:07Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720957889
       
  • The concept of authorial legacy in polarised debate on the ethics of
           social media-driven activism
    • Authors: Arjun Rajkhowa
      First page: 561
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      This commentary describes a case from India that illuminates challenges associated with contentious political engagement among activists on social media. It specifically highlights what is posited as a disjuncture between two distinct modes of interpretation of political legitimacy in the domain of gender justice activism, and analyses how the delegitimisation of activists’ legacy can polarise political engagement on social media. It highlights how an absence of ethical engagement can lead to a distortion of activists’ legacies of actual participation in civil and political society, and asks how this distortion may inflect public conception of the ethics of social media-driven activism. It builds on work analysing the emancipatory potential (and pitfalls) of political engagement on social media.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-09-23T06:53:43Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720957888
       
  • Themes and tones of cannabis news reports and legalization outcomes
    • Authors: Michael Lynch
      First page: 570
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      This project analyzed print news articles on cannabis legalization that were published in 2015 (N = 295) from newspapers across the United States. The following year, 2016, saw more states legalize cannabis for adult use and medical use than before. Therefore, one goal of this research was to investigate the relationship between reports on cannabis legalization and subsequent legal changes that occurred in states that reformed their cannabis laws. Findings reveal that cannabis legalization issues are reported in the media with tones that favor, oppose, or are neutral toward cannabis legalization. Overall, cannabis legalization stories were reported with a neutral tone. Additionally, arguments about whether cannabis should be legalized are framed using criminological, economic, medical, and political themes. The political theme emerged most frequently in all reports. Findings indicate that there is an association between the tone of positive reporting and subsequent cannabis legalization in states where those reports originated. These findings have implications for allowing policymakers and healthcare professionals to build on their existing knowledge of the relationship between media, public opinion, and emerging cannabis policy. Finally, this study provides some context for the connection between a story’s theme, tone, and how they can shed light on cannabis legalization outcomes.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-10-01T06:42:05Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720960905
       
  • Migration, non-use, and the ‘Tumblrpocalypse’: Towards a unified
           theory of digital exodus
    • Authors: Emory James Edwards, Tom Boellstorff
      First page: 582
      Abstract: Media, Culture & Society, Ahead of Print.
      In this article, we use what we provisionally term the ‘2018 Tumblr migration’ to explore how (1) platform ‘non-use’ and (2) platform ‘migration’ are overlapping aspects of a broader phenomenon of digital ‘leaving’ or exodus. A unified analysis of this phenomenon has important consequences for understanding emergent relationships between individual agency, platform structure, and online culture. The sociotechnical practices of leaving resulting from the 2018 Tumblr adult content ban link up to fundamental questions around movement, selfhood, and power. We discuss non-use as an overlapping and interacting set of social decisions largely (and perhaps unsurprisingly) disincentivized by the technical affordances of the platform, as well as migration as a shifting and reconfiguring of platform specific social relations. Placing classic questions of social theory in conversation with scholarship on platform socialities, we explore the 2018 Tumblr purge/migration to elucidate the polyvalent technical and social actions involved in ‘leaving’.
      Citation: Media, Culture & Society
      PubDate: 2020-11-04T09:18:32Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163443720968461
       
 
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