Subjects -> ESTATE, HOUSING AND URBAN PLANNING (Total: 304 journals)
    - CLEANING AND DYEING (1 journals)
    - ESTATE, HOUSING AND URBAN PLANNING (237 journals)
    - FIRE PREVENTION (13 journals)
    - HEATING, PLUMBING AND REFRIGERATION (6 journals)
    - HOME ECONOMICS (9 journals)
    - INTERIOR DESIGN AND DECORATION (21 journals)
    - REAL ESTATE (17 journals)

HEATING, PLUMBING AND REFRIGERATION (6 journals)

Showing 1 - 7 of 7 Journals sorted alphabetically
Eating Behaviors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Eating Disorders: The Journal of Treatment & Prevention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Facilities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Refrigeration     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Ventilation     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Building Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Facilities Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
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Journal of Facilities Management
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.33
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 3  
 
Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal   * Containing 1 Open Access Open Access article(s) in this issue *
ISSN (Print) 1472-5967 - ISSN (Online) 1741-0983
Published by Emerald Homepage  [360 journals]
  • Does the COVID-19 affect tenants’ adherence to lease obligations in
           rental market' Property managers’ perspective

         This is an Open Access Article Open Access Article

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      Authors: Job Taiwo Gbadegesin
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to investigate how the pandemic affects tenants’ response to their lease obligations. This paper commences with examining the adopted tenant selection criteria during the COVID-19 pandemic. Then, this paper statistically tests if there is a relationship between selection criteria and response on whether the pandemic has effects or not. Then, this paper investigates the specific areas of impact on tenants’ ability to adequately keep to lease agreements in the Nigerian rental market. Finally, this paper proceeds to confirm if there is a relationship between selection criteria and the aspects of tenants’ deficiencies in rental obligations because of COVID-19. Survey data, backed with interviews, is elicited from practicing estate surveyors and valuers and licensed property managers in Lagos, the largest property market in Nigeria and sub-Sahara Africa. Policy solutions and implications were solicited from personnel at the ministry of housing and senior professionals in the property sector. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, factor analysis and computer-aided qualitative data analysis, Atlas.ti. Tenant’s health status is now accorded a priority together with others. Numbers of tenants are challenged with keeping to the prompt-rent-payment rule. Other areas of slight breaches included livestock rearing, subletting, alteration and repair covenants. Except for tenant reputation and tenant family size, there was no significant relationship between tenant’s health status consideration and the COVID-19 effect on tenant non-compliance with lease obligation. Tenants’ non-compliance with tenancy obligations has a connection with the tenants’ affordability, reputation, ability to sign an undertaking and health conditions during the pandemic. This paper recommends rental housing policy review. It is recommended that the rental policy should be reviewed to give room for rental allowance or palliatives, private rental market regulation, exploration of the national housing fund and, if possible, social housing adoption policy in Nigeria. This paper draws policymakers’ attention to the need to prepare for the future safety net that caters to citizenry welfare in challenging times.
      Citation: Journal of Facilities Management
      PubDate: 2022-08-10
      DOI: 10.1108/JFM-12-2021-0165
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Indirect effect of extra-industry network and innovativeness on
           performance through proactiveness

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      Authors: Alireza Jalali , Sara Abhari , Mastura Jaafar
      Abstract: The current study aims to advance the research on the extra-industry network, innovativeness and performance of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) by examining the mediation role of proactiveness. The study also aims to examine the mediating role innovativeness between extra-industry network and performance. This study used the proportionate stratified random sampling method to select the study sample and the questionnaire survey approach to 580 SMEs. A total of 150 completed questionnaires were returned. Partial least squares structural equation modeling was administered to analyze data via Smart PLS 3.0 software. The results reflect that proactiveness is mediated by the relationship between the extra-industry network and the performance of Iranian SMEs. In addition, the results illustrated that proactiveness is mediated by the relationship between innovativeness and the performance. The findings also address the limitation of previous studies on Iranian SMEs through the independent examination of the mediating role of innovativeness between firm extra-industry network and performance. This article is one of few attempts that have addressed the significance of proactiveness as the key mechanism to transform the advantages of extra-industry network and innovativeness relationships to enhance performance.
      Citation: Journal of Facilities Management
      PubDate: 2022-08-05
      DOI: 10.1108/JFM-02-2022-0019
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • An empirical study on measuring operating efficiency and revenue of real
           estate assets in the UAE using data envelopment analysis

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      Authors: Abdulrahman Alafifi , Halim Boussabaine , Khalid Almarri
      Abstract: This paper aims to examine the performance efficiency of 56 real estate assets within the rental sector in the UAE to evaluate the relative operation efficiency in relation to revenue generation. The data envelopment analysis (DEA) approach was used to measure the relative operational efficiency of the studied assets in relation to the revenue performance. This method could produce a more informed and balanced approach to performance measurement. The outcomes show that scores of efficiencies ranging from 7% to 99% in some of the models. The results showed that on average buildings are 75% relatively less efficient in maintenance, in term of revenue generation, than the benchmark set. Likewise, on average, the inefficient buildings are 60% relatively less efficient in insurance. Result also shows that 95% of the building assets in the sample are by and large operating at decreasing returns to scale. This implies that managers need to considerably reduce the operational resources (input) to improve the levels of revenue. This study recommends that the FM operational variables that were found to inefficiently contribute to the revenue should be re-examined to test the validity of the findings. This is necessary before generalising or interpolating the results that are presented in this study. The information obtained about operational performance can help FM managers to understand which improvements in the productivity of inefficient FM resources are required, providing insight into how to reduce operating costs and increase revenue. This paper adds value in using new FM operational parameters to evaluate the efficiency of the performance of built assets.
      Citation: Journal of Facilities Management
      PubDate: 2022-08-05
      DOI: 10.1108/JFM-10-2021-0112
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Patients satisfaction of core health-care business: the mediating effect
           of the quality of health-care infrastructure and equipment

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      Authors: Oti Amankwah , Weng-Wai Choong , Naana Amakie Boakye-Agyeman
      Abstract: Although the quality of health-care infrastructure and equipment influences patient’s overall health-care experience, health-care infrastructure and equipment are not always managed and maintained with the attention required. This is due mainly to the complexity of health-care infrastructure and equipment and shortage of maintenance budget. This study aims to determine if patient’s satisfaction of core health-care business is mediated by the quality of health-care infrastructure and equipment. This cross-sectional study comprises 622 adult patients at the Physician OPD and Polyclinic of Komfo Anokye Teaching hospital, Tamale Teaching hospital and Cape Coast Teaching hospital in Ghana. Structural equation model Smart PLS was used to analyse the data. The study results showed that the quality of health-care infrastructure and equipment has a positive significant influence (mediation) on the relationship between health-care delivery and patient’s satisfaction as well as the relationship between adequacy of health-care resources and patient’s satisfaction. However, it was shown not to have a positive significant influence (mediation) on the relationship between quality of health-care personnel and patients’ satisfaction as well as health-care administrative process and patient’s satisfaction. First, the study findings are centred on cross-sectional data, which capture the opinion of the patients at a specific time period instead of over a period of time. Consequently, in future, though difficult to achieve, a longitudinal study can be piloted to provide more insight. Second, the data was collected from only one country (Ghana); thus, the ability to generalise the results may be a challenge. The implication of this study is that there is the need to prudently maintain hospital infrastructure and equipment in good working condition as it has a positive effect on patients’ satisfaction of their overall health-care experience. Most studies have concentrated on patient’s health-care experience. This study extends the knowledge of patient’s health-care experience by determining the mediating role of quality of health-care infrastructure and equipment on the relationship between patient’s satisfaction and core health-care business. There are limited studies of such nature in Ghana. Therefore, this study will provide invaluable empirical data for the health-care sector of a developing African country.
      Citation: Journal of Facilities Management
      PubDate: 2022-08-05
      DOI: 10.1108/JFM-12-2021-0154
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Exploring influencing factors for private sector participation in PPP
           power projects: case of Ghana

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      Authors: Augustine Senanu Komla Kukah , De-Graft Owusu-Manu , Edward Badu , David John Edwards
      Abstract: Demand for private investment in infrastructure, notably in the power sector remains high, and this is anticipated to expand with the passage of time. Very little research currently exists on the power sector and specifically the private sector influencing factors (PSIFs) for entering into public–private partnerships (PPPs). The purpose of this study is to explore influencing factors for private sector participation in PPP power projects in Ghana. Using purposive and snowball sampling techniques, questionnaires were used to gather responses from experts in the PPP power sector domain in a two-round Delphi survey. Reliability analysis was conducted using Cronbach’s alpha coefficient and level of agreement tested using Kendall’s concordance. Mean score ranking, analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Chi-square test were the main analysis conducted on the influencing factors. The most significant PSIFs were: obtaining of investment support; improvement in private sector’s international image; synergy with public sector; sharing of risks; and gaining of profits. From ANOVA results, all the influencing factors had no significant different perception between the number of years in PPP practice and the motivations for the private sector entering into PPP power projects. Using Chi-square, the association between the variables indicated they were statistically significant. The findings in this study are significant for multinational power generation firms that seek to enter the Ghanaian energy sector to help fill the generation gap and deficit. The output of this research contributes to the checklist of influencing factors for private sector participation in PPP power projects and enhances the development of PPP practice.
      Citation: Journal of Facilities Management
      PubDate: 2022-07-27
      DOI: 10.1108/JFM-11-2021-0140
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • A bi-objective aircraft maintenance routing problem based on flying hours
           to efficient use of available fleet

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      Authors: Hiwa Esmaeilzadeh , Alireza Rashidi Komijan , Hamed Kazemipoor , Mohammad Fallah , Reza Tavakkoli-Moghaddam
      Abstract: The proposed model aims to consider the flying hours as a criterion to initiate maintenance operation. Based on this condition, aircraft must be checked before flying hours threshold is met. After receiving maintenance service, the model ignores previous flying hours and the aircraft can keep on flying until the threshold value is reached again. Moreover, the model considers aircraft age and efficiency to assign them to flights. The aircraft maintenance routing problem (AMRP), as one of the most important problems in the aviation industry, determines the optimal route for each aircraft along with meeting maintenance requirements. This paper presents a bi-objective mixed-integer programming model for AMRP in which several criteria such as aircraft efficiency and ferrying flights are considered. As the solution approaches, epsilon-constraint method and a non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm (NSGA-II), including a new initializing algorithm, are used. To verify the efficiency of NSGA-II, 31 test problems in different scales are solved using NSGA-II and GAMS. The results show that the optimality gap in NSGA-II is less than 0.06%. Finally, the model was solved based on real data of American Eagle Airlines extracted from Kaggle datasets. The authors confirm that it is an original paper, has not been published elsewhere and is not currently under consideration of any other journal.
      Citation: Journal of Facilities Management
      PubDate: 2022-07-26
      DOI: 10.1108/JFM-02-2022-0018
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Proposed flood evacuation routes for heritage areas based on spatial
           configuration analysis: a case study of Penang, Malaysia

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      Authors: Mina Safizadeh , Massoomeh Hedayati Marzbali , Aldrin Abdullah , Nor Zarifah Maliki
      Abstract: Because of the global increase of climate change effects, floods are becoming more frequent and severer, especially in urban areas of coastal cities and islands where floodplains have turned into buildings because of rapid urbanisation, leading to a higher risk of damages. Urban heritage areas should be highly considered in the time of evacuation because of the vulnerability of streets and buildings and limitations on taking counteractions. Given these limitations, this study aims to propose a network of potential evacuation routes based on spatial configuration analysis of the heritage areas. Penang Island's heritage site, namely, George Town, located on the northwest coast of Malaysia, is chosen as the case study. By using an approach of spatial configuration analysis using space syntax techniques in addition to considering the potential starting points for evacuation and flood risk map of the area, this study analysed the area's street network values for evacuation function during flood crisis time. Potential evacuation routes were identified for flood disasters in the George Town heritage area. Furthermore, the proposed evacuation routes were evaluated in terms of time for evacuation by metric step-depth analysis of space syntax. A few studies have focused on practical guidelines for evacuation routes based on spatial configuration analysis, an important yet neglected approach in this regard, especially concerning urban island areas. This study can contribute to providing strategies to reduce vulnerability and casualties in urban heritage areas.
      Citation: Journal of Facilities Management
      PubDate: 2022-06-16
      DOI: 10.1108/JFM-11-2021-0137
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Smart design of energy-saving and water-saving facilities: a perspective
           of emotional factors

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      Authors: Kuei-Chen Chiu
      Abstract: This paper aims to answer these questions: “Is the public adopting energy-saving and water-saving facilities because they want to save energy and water in their psychological perception'”, “Is it convenient to use energy-saving and water-saving facilities'”, “If the inductive design of energy-saving and water-saving facilities attracts the public’s interest, the public is it more willing to install energy-saving and water-saving facilities in a widespread manner'” and “Can inductive energy-saving and water-saving facilities be introduced into the smart manufacturing system of manufacturing industries that require a lot of water to effectively save water and save costs for the company'”. This paper aims to investigate the attitudes of employees toward using energy-saving and water-saving facilities by constructing a questionnaire based on the ABC (Affect, Behavior, Cognition) model to survey the attitudes of employees from the Southern and Eastern of Taiwan and establishing a structural equation modeling (SEM) to examine the relationship between affect, behavior and cognition while using energy-saving and water-saving facilities. There are some findings in this paper that the affective design have a strongly significant positive impact for using energy-saving and water-saving facility in the proposed model. People are willing to use energy-saving and water-saving facilities but are more willing to adopt those energy-saving and water-saving products of smart designs, as those take into account the emotional factors. The critical factor for the public to adopt energy-saving and water-saving facilities is smart design, which incorporates emotional elements. There are still some limitations of this study that the ABC model can only be used as a psychological discussion, and the development and design of related facilities still needs to be jointly developed with professionals in related technical fields. The introduction of induction water supply facilities needs to be considered while the company introduces the design of the smart manufacturing system. Therefore, professionals related to induction water supply should participate in the planning at the initial stage of the company's concept of introducing the smart manufacturing system. On the practical side, based on preliminary research conclusions, this study proposes to introduce inductive water supply into smart manufacturing systems for manufacturing companies that require a lot of water in their manufacturing processes. In practice, the company can actually save a lot of water, thereby saving costs and reducing waste water discharge. The results of this study show that the public has a cognition of energy-saving and water-saving. However, there is a Chinese proverb that “easy to know and hard to do”, when actually using facilities, convenience is an important consideration for public. Smart facilities of energy-saving and water-saving, in addition to the benefits of energy-saving and water-saving, it is easy to use, and interacts with users through inductive water supply, which can more emotionally attract people's willingness to use. This study found that smart facilities, which can more emotionally attract people's willingness to use. On the academic side, this study proves that using the ABC theory to explore the public’s psychological affective, behavior and cognition response to the use of facilities is a very suitable method. On the practical side, based on preliminary research conclusions, this study proposes to introduce inductive water supply into smart manufacturing systems for manufacturing companies that require a lot of water in their manufacturing processes. In practice, the company can actually save a lot of water, thereby saving costs and reducing waste water discharge.
      Citation: Journal of Facilities Management
      PubDate: 2022-06-16
      DOI: 10.1108/JFM-11-2021-0144
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • The relationship between firm risk, capital structure, cost of equity
           capital, and social and environmental sustainability during the COVID-19
           pandemic

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      Authors: Arash Arianpoor , Seyyed Sajjad Naeimi Tajdar
      Abstract: This study aims to explore the relationship between firm risk, capital structure, cost of equity capital and social and environmental sustainability during the COVID-19 pandemic for companies listed on Tehran Stock Exchange. To this aim, the information about 190 companies in 2014–2020 was retrieved to be analyzed. The total risk and systematic risk were used as the indicators of company risk; the industry-adjusted earnings price ratio (IndEP) and GORDON were used for the cost of equity capital. To measure social sustainability and environmental sustainability, the procedure suggested by Arianpoor and Salehi (2020) was used. Underleveraged firms have had a lower total risk during the COVID-19 pandemic, while overleveraged firms have not had a higher risk during this time. In overleveraged firms, using systematic risk has a negative impact on social sustainability during the COVID-19 pandemic. In overleveraged firms, using total risk and systematic risk has a significant negative impact on environmental sustainability in the pandemic. Besides, overleveraged firms have a lower cost of equity capital (IndEP) during COVID-19. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, no similar study has so far examined the joint impact of COVID-19 and corporate risk on social and environmental sustainability and also the joint impact of COVID-19 and capital structure on the cost of equity. This study contributes to the related literature by providing corporations with insightful post-pandemic directions on capital structure decisions and social and environmental activities. Furthermore, this research and the relevant findings can help understand and develop social responsibility in Iran as a developing country.
      Citation: Journal of Facilities Management
      PubDate: 2022-06-10
      DOI: 10.1108/JFM-11-2021-0148
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Drivers of facility management strategies used in multi-tenanted office
           buildings in Ghana

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      Authors: Oliver Tannor , Elvis Attakora-Amaniampong , Emmanuel Kanchebe Derbile
      Abstract: This study aims to assess the facilities management (FM) strategies used in multi-tenanted purpose-built office buildings (Mt-POBs) in Ghana and the drivers that influence the decision to use such strategies. This study was conducted via a survey and key informant interviews. The survey was conducted using a questionnaire targeted at 65 multi-tenanted office building owners in the Greater Accra region. The data from the survey revealed the views of building owners on FM strategy and the extent to which 20 facility management decision drivers influenced their decisions to use a particular strategy and the responses were descriptively analysed. The key informant interviews were conducted among six leaders of the property owners’ association who use in-house FM to further understand their perspectives and decisions on using such strategy. The interviews were conducted over telephone using an interview guide and analysed using thematic analysis. The results showed that 88% of Mt-POBs in Ghana are managed in-house. The results also showed that the decision to use the in-house strategy was driven by the innovative, strategic and cost-saving advantages associated with the in-house strategy. This study shows the factors that drive the decision of multi-tenanted office building owners in Ghana to use the in-house strategy. The findings of this study will be useful for prospective owners of office buildings in Ghana.
      Citation: Journal of Facilities Management
      PubDate: 2022-06-08
      DOI: 10.1108/JFM-12-2021-0156
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Inclusiveness assessment tool for disabled persons in higher education
           facilities

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      Authors: Ahmad Mohammad Ahmad , Shimaa Abdelkarim , Maryam Al-Nuaimi , Nancy Makhoul , Lizmol Mathew , Shaibu Garba
      Abstract: Globally, there is a growing proportion of disabled people as a result of different circumstances. This growth generates attention and leads to ways to integrate the affected population into society. Addressing such disability and integration is particularly important at buildings level, enabling and expanding the scope of activities for people with disabilities (PWDs). The rising number of PWDs and the need to integrate them into society create a need for action to improve their living condition and integration into society. This study aims to examine the issue of accessibility for PWDs in higher education facilities in Qatar. Addressing accessibility at buildings level is particularly important in higher education because it enables inclusion in training and education and increases the potential for productive engagement in society. The study aims to develop an objective tool to assess and measure accessibility in educational institutions. Five selected buildings were examined and evaluated at Qatar University based on proximity, multi-use, vertical and horizontal circulation availability. The survey respondents were randomly selected. An existing assessment method was used in surveying respondents, including those with and without disabilities. A comparative study was conducted to explore the discrepancy between facility users with and without disability, indicating the gap in existing tools. The developed tool generates the same outcome when conducted by different assessors, indicating the level of compliance and percentage met as a benefit, not a focus. It allows professionals and non-professionals with minimal experience to conduct the assessment.
      Citation: Journal of Facilities Management
      PubDate: 2022-05-31
      DOI: 10.1108/JFM-08-2021-0086
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Implementing organisational change in a digitalising facilities management
           organisation through stewardship interventions

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      Authors: Koos Johannes , Hans Voordijk , Ingrid Wakkee , Guillermo Aranda-Mena
      Abstract: While digitalisation requires facilities management (FM) organisations to change at an increasing rate, little is known about the mechanisms that create ownership and enable individuals to implement changes in everyday FM practice. In this study, these mechanisms are explored from a stewardship perspective. The purpose of this paper is to provide insights into the dynamics of organisational change in FM by analysing how stewardship behaviour leads to change. A process model for implementing organisational change is constructed, based on existing theoretical insights from stewardship and intrapreneurship literature. The model is evaluated in a case study through analysis of critical events. Interviewing was the key data collection method. The process model gives an event-driven explanation of change through psychological ownership. Analysis of multiple critical events suggests that the model explains intra-organisational as well as inter-organisational change. The case data further suggests that, compared with intra-organisational change, tailored relational and motivational support is more important for inter-organisational change because of the higher risks involved. Job crafting emerged as an unanticipated finding that offers interesting prospects for future FM research. The process model offers guidance for leaders in FM organisations on providing tailored support to internal and external employees during periods of organisational change. Stewardship and intrapreneurship are combined to provide insights on organisational change in FM. The study demonstrates how intrapreneurial behaviour and stewardship behaviour can be linked to create innovation within and between organisations.
      Citation: Journal of Facilities Management
      PubDate: 2022-05-25
      DOI: 10.1108/JFM-11-2021-0139
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Occupant trust in indoor air quality in a large office building after an
           emergent wildfire

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      Authors: Amy Kim , Shuoqi Wang , Lindsay McCunn , Novi T.I. Bramono
      Abstract: This paper aims to establish a reliable scale measuring occupants’ levels of environmental trust in their work settings’ indoor air quality and explore the relationship between occupants’ levels of environmental trust and their perceived control over the air quality in their workspace. The authors conducted occupant surveys concerning indoor air quality in an office building, and collected corresponding indoor air quality measurements. Descriptive statistics and correlation analysis results are reported to reveal occupants’ levels of environmental trust and perceived control. Results reveal that psychological perceptions of indoor air quality can be quite neutral, even shortly after an extreme wildfire event resulting in very poor air quality in an urban area. Occupants’ sense of trust that their office building could protect them from harmful air outside, and their belief that the building could protect them from seasonal smoky conditions, each correlated positively with employees’ sense of control over the indoor air quality in their personal workspace. This case study adds to an interdisciplinary understanding for facility managers and organizational leaders concerning a way to measure occupants’ sense of control over the indoor air quality in their building, as well as their environmental trust in terms of how protected they feel from harmful air quality conditions.
      Citation: Journal of Facilities Management
      PubDate: 2022-05-25
      DOI: 10.1108/JFM-11-2021-0149
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Potential functionality and workability of blockchain within a building
           information modelling (BIM) environment

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      Authors: Jin Hong Tan , Siaw-Chuing Loo , Nurshuhada Zainon , Nur Mardhiyah Aziz , Faizul Azli Mohd Rahim
      Abstract: Although building information modelling (BIM) brings various benefits and open up the construction industry to many new possibilities, it is not without some challenges. Blockchain has the potential to resolve some of these problems. It has shown that blockchain and BIM can potentially work together in bringing various benefits to all project stakeholders. However, there is a lack of research and knowledge in relation to blockchain-based BIM. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to close this gap by looking into the potential functionality and workability of blockchain within a BIM environment. A four-stage preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses systematic literature review technique has been used to review the blockchain- and BIM-related information sources published. A total of 53 journal articles, 13 books and 27 other resources including that of reports and websites have been included in this paper. Blockchain-based BIM has countless possibilities, ranging from simple tasks such as tracking of orders to automation of construction payment claims. The literatures have suggested that the several weaknesses that BIM possesses including trust issue, asset ownership issue and data reliability issue could be resolved by incorporating blockchain into its processes. Because of the lack of researches on the workability of blockchain and BIM, this paper aims to close this gap by proposing a framework for the interaction between blockchain and BIM for a typical building project. This paper has reviewed a substantial amount of currently available knowledge on blockchain-based BIM and its relevancy to the construction industry. This paper believes that the information could be of use to potential BIM tools maker and the construction industry for the betterment of BIM implementation throughout a project life cycle.
      Citation: Journal of Facilities Management
      PubDate: 2022-05-24
      DOI: 10.1108/JFM-10-2021-0131
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Managing stressors, stress and strain faced by facility managers

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      Authors: Florence YY Ling , Elsie Kai Ying Mok
      Abstract: This study aims to investigate how to manage the stressors that facility managers (FMs) face with the aim of reducing their stress and strain levels. Using the job demands-resources (JD-R) model, stressors are operationalized from job demands, job resources and personal resources constructs. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data from FMs based in Singapore. FMs have significantly high levels of stress, but they are able to manage this well. Job demands that cause stress and strain are those relating to insufficient time to complete the work and difficulties in handling the work. The lack of job resources in terms of lack of organizational support and inadequate stress mitigation programs are associated with high levels of stress and strain. The limitations are the relatively small sample size and absence of a database of FMs in Singapore, and correlation is not causation when determining the association between stressors and stress and strain. Based on the recommendations, employers and FMs may manage the specific stressors identified so that FMs’ stress and strain levels are under control to enable them to work optimally. This research discovered that the JD-R model is moderated by certain features of facilities management and FMs. When these features are present, FMs are predisposed to more stressors, and higher stress and strain. For the facilities management profession, the discovery is that there are significantly more job demands: for in-house FMs compared to those working for outsourced firms; for FMs who need to carry out estate and asset management, landlord activities and facility planning compared to FMs who focus on operations and maintenance; and for FMs who work longer than five days compared to those who work a five-day week.
      Citation: Journal of Facilities Management
      PubDate: 2022-05-24
      DOI: 10.1108/JFM-12-2021-0160
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Barriers to the green retrofitting of existing residential buildings

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      Authors: Christopher Amoah , Jeanne Smith
      Abstract: This study aims to examine the challenges for green retrofitting implementation in existing residential buildings to lower the running cost and achieve a better energy-efficient system. This study adopted a qualitative approach by interviewing conveniently selected 16 construction professionals, made up of architects, quantity surveyors and engineers. Data received were analysed using the content analysis method. The findings revealed that the main barriers to incorporating green retrofitting in the existing residential buildings as the nature of the existing structures, limited knowledge, not being a priority and high costs involved in the process. Moreover, other factors influencing property developers’ decision to apply energy-efficient principles in a residential home include cost (initial capital and maintenance), level of knowledge, nature of the climate in the area, local legislation, more independence and increasing the property’s market value and environmental aspect. This study is limited to South Africa; thus, the literature available was limited. People’s perceptions, either wrong or correct, affect their ability to make an informed decision to adopt green retrofitting principles, thereby denying them the opportunity to reap the associated benefits. Therefore, there is an urgent need for the construction industry stakeholders and government to increase educational opportunities for property owners on the importance of green retrofitting. This study provides the occupants with the possible barriers and problem areas with implementing these principles. They will thus make an informed decision when implementing sustainable design methods.
      Citation: Journal of Facilities Management
      PubDate: 2022-05-19
      DOI: 10.1108/JFM-12-2021-0155
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Identifying the influential factors on the effectiveness of industrial
           parks and using an MCDM method to rank them: case study of Iran

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      Authors: Farshad Moghimi , Vahid Baradaran , Amir Hossein Hosseinian
      Abstract: This study aims to detect the influential factors and their respective variables that affect the effectiveness or demand-driven level of the industrial parks in Iran. A hybrid procedure is sought to be developed, which embraces both qualitative and quantitative methodologies to identify the aforementioned factors and variables. This study is incorporated with both qualitative and quantitative methodologies. To implement the qualitative approach, the researchers used focus groups and the related literature. The quantitative methodology has been carried out via a reliable questionnaire that obtained the viewpoints of 700 experts. The reliability of the designed questionnaire has been investigated through Cronbach’s alpha coefficient. By conducting several one-sample t-tests, it was confirmed that the identified factors and variables are significantly influential on the effectiveness of Iran’s industrial parks. The Kruskal–Wallis statistical test was used to determine the priorities of the factors. This research also used a multi-criteria decision-making method, namely, the weighted aggregates sum product assessment (WASPAS) to rank 15 industrial parks of Khorasan province in Iran according to the identified factors. Comprehensive analyses have been conducted on the identified factors. Results indicate that the infrastructural facilities factor has the highest priority when it comes to affecting the effectiveness of the industrial parks. After that, industrial land and internal factors take the second and the third positions in terms of importance. A total of 15 industrial parks of the aforementioned province have been ranked by the WASPAS. The ranking offered by the WASPAS has been approved by the experts. Based on the literature investigations, the authors were convinced that there is a scarcity of studies investigating the influential factors that affect the effectiveness or demand-driven level of industrial parks (especially in Iran). Hence, this research has been conducted to propose a procedure equipped with quantitative and qualitative techniques that detect these important factors and their subordinate variables. By means of the developed procedure of this research, it is possible to locate future industrial parks, plan for establishment of future industrial areas and plan for development of current industrial parks.
      Citation: Journal of Facilities Management
      PubDate: 2022-05-11
      DOI: 10.1108/JFM-12-2021-0151
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Delphi study for evaluating key risk factors inherent in public-private
           partnership (PPP) power projects in Ghana

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      Authors: Augustine Senanu Komla Kukah , De-Graft Owusu-Manu , Edward Badu , David John Edwards
      Abstract: This study aims to evaluate the key risk factors inherent in public–private partnership (PPP) power projects in Ghana and further determine the critical risk factors affecting both the public and private sectors in PPP power projects. Ranking-type Delphi survey in two rounds was conducted to establish a comprehensive list of critical risk factors of PPP. Purposive and snowball sampling techniques helped obtain experts for the Delphi survey. Mean score ranking, factor analysis, Cronbach α coefficient and Kendall’s concordance were used for analysis. The probability of occurrence and severity of each risk factor were computed to obtain the risk impact. From the list of 67 risks, 37 risk factors were deemed to be critical. The five topmost risk factors were: delay payment on contract, private investor change, political risks, fluctuating demand of power generated and public opposition. Principal component analysis grouped the risk factors into seven major themes. This study develops an authoritative risk factor list for PPP power projects, which reflects both sector and country conditions for prioritizing and mitigating risk factors. Delphi approach adopted in this study can be used by future studies in similar environments where PPP is novel and expert respondents scarce.
      Citation: Journal of Facilities Management
      PubDate: 2022-05-10
      DOI: 10.1108/JFM-09-2021-0098
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • A systematic review of green building practices implementation in Africa

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      Authors: Andrew Ebekozien , Clinton Aigbavboa , Wellington Didibhuku Thwala , Godpower Chinyeru Amadi , Marvelous Aigbedion , Iliye Faith Ogbaini
      Abstract: The purpose of this study is to conduct a systematic review on encumbrances facing the implementation of GBP in selected African countries. Green building practices (GBP) implementation is germane and promotes the development of a green environment and buildings. Many studies have been conducted on the encumbrances faced with GBP implementation, especially in developing countries. But evidence of a comprehensive study that investigates and analyses these hindrances from different developing countries is missing. Therefore, a systematic review is conducted systematically reviewing the current literature on encumbrances facing the implementation of GBP in selected African countries. Also, the study proffers possible drivers for stakeholders to promote GBP in African countries. A total of 38 published papers were identified from the Web of Science, Scopus database and supported with materials from Google Scholar related to Africa’s GBP. The continent was divided into five regions, and each region covered three countries. Two themes emerged from the analysed review – encumbrances facing GBP implementation and possible drivers for stakeholders to promote GBP in African countries. A total of 18 encumbrances and 18 drivers were identified from the analysed literature and grouped into 6 sub-themes. Current empirical articles were reviewed to suggest the drivers for stakeholders to promote GBP that emerged from this paper. Thus, to enrich the results from this paper, primary source data of regional studies of GBP in Africa’s context should be carried out via the mixed-methods design. A total of 18 drivers were identified for stakeholders to promote GBP in Africa and form part of the paper’s implications. Also, the paper findings would serve as a treasured suggestion for the stakeholders (policymakers, construction practitioners, clients and academics) who are fascinated by the promotion of GBP across African nations. This is possibly the foremost analysed systematic review study on GBP implementation in Africa. Therefore, it fills the theoretical gap and proffers possible drivers for stakeholders to promote GBP in the African context.
      Citation: Journal of Facilities Management
      PubDate: 2022-05-05
      DOI: 10.1108/JFM-09-2021-0096
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Structural equation modelling of risk factors influencing the success of
           building projects

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      Authors: Olufisayo Adedokun , Temitope Egbelakin
      Abstract: Despite several research efforts tackling construction project risks globally, tertiary education building projects are not devoid of experiencing risks with cascading effects on projects. In the past decades, there has been increasing application of linear assessments of risks in construction risk management practices. However, this study aims to assess the influence of risk factors on the success of tertiary education building projects using a structural equation modelling approach. This study will further reinforce the risk factors that require attention because risk factors are not linear but interdependent. A quantitative research method was undertaken in this study, where data collection was achieved via a structured questionnaire survey. In total, 452 questionnaires were administered to client representatives, consultants and contractors involved in executing tertiary education building projects across five public tertiary education institutions in Ondo State, Nigeria. Of 452 questionnaires, 279 were found usable for the analysis, implying a response rate of 61.73%. The Cronbach α test, average variances extracted and composite reliabilities values show high reliability and internal consistency of the instrument used for data gathering. Furthermore, the study adopted percentile, mean, correlation, regression analysis and structural equation modelling for analyzing the data collected upon which the study’s inferences were based. The study found that three out of six criteria for measuring the success of tertiary education building projects were significantly affected by risk factors while using the structural equation modelling technique. With this non-linear method of assessment, completion to time was significantly impacted by environmental risk factors. In addition, safety performance was also significantly influenced by logistic, environmental and legal risk factors; furthermore, logistics, design and environmental risks significantly affected profit. However, completion to cost, standard/quality and end-user satisfaction was not significantly affected by the risk factors in tertiary education building projects. The quantitative data used for the analysis are limited to the tertiary education building projects from selected five tertiary education institutions in Ondo State; therefore, the results do not indicate all tertiary institutions in Nigeria. In addition, the findings are based on building projects that were procured through a competitive tendering arrangement only and thus considered a limitation for this study. Not all the risks significantly influence the tertiary education building projects. Therefore, risk factors with a significant effect on the success indicators of tertiary education building projects should be prioritized for a successful project. While risk factors have not affected the completion to cost per se, the study implies that the resultant effect of risks on other success indicators could have a cascading effect on these projects in terms of cost and time overruns. These results may assist during the project risk management while also addressing complexity and uncertainty to avoid chaos in a tertiary education building projects. The study found significant construction risk factors impacting the success of tertiary education building projects using a non-linear methodology, an extension beyond the usual linear method of assessment of risk impacts on the project performance.
      Citation: Journal of Facilities Management
      PubDate: 2022-05-03
      DOI: 10.1108/JFM-01-2022-0002
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Multiobjective and multivariable optimization for earthmoving equipment

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      Authors: Odey Alshboul , Ali Shehadeh , Omer Tatari , Ghassan Almasabha , Eman Saleh
      Abstract: Efficient management of earthmoving equipment is critical for decision-makers in construction engineering management. Thus, the purpose of this paper is to prudently identify, select, manage and optimize the associated decision variables (e.g. capacity, number and speed) for trucks and loaders equipment to minimize cost and time objectives. This paper addresses an innovative multiobjective and multivariable mathematical optimization model to generate a Pareto-optimality set of solutions that offers insights of optimal tradeoffs between minimizing earthmoving activity’s cost and time. The proposed model has three major stages: first, define all related decision variables for trucks and loaders and detect all related constraints that affect the optimization model; second, derive the mathematical optimization model and apply the multiobjective genetic algorithms and classify all inputs and outputs related to the mathematical model; and third, model validation. The efficiency of the proposed optimization model has been validated using a case study of earthmoving activities based on data collected from the real-world construction site. The outputs of the conducted optimization process promise the model’s originality and efficiency in generating optimal solutions for optimal time and cost objectives. This model provides the decision-maker with an efficient tool to select the optimal design variables to minimize the activity's time and cost.
      Citation: Journal of Facilities Management
      PubDate: 2022-05-03
      DOI: 10.1108/JFM-10-2021-0129
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • AS/R system travel time in class-based storage with different input-output
           point levels: a proposed formula

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      Authors: Abror Hoshimov , Anna Corinna Cagliano , Giulio Mangano , Maurizio Schenone , Sabrina Grimaldi
      Abstract: This paper aims to propose a simulation model integrated with an empirical regression analysis to provide a new mathematical formulation for automated storage and retrieval system (AS/RS) travel time estimation under class-based storage and different input/output (I/O) point vertical levels. A simulation approach is adopted to compute the travel time under different warehouse scenarios. Simulation runs with several I/O point levels and multiple shape factor values. The proposed model is extremely precise for both single command (SC) and dual command (DC) cycles and very well fitted for a reliable computation of travel times. The proposed mathematical formulation for estimating the AS/RS travel time advances widely applied methodologies existing in literature. As well as, it provides a practical implication by supporting faster and more accurate travel time computations for both SC and DC cycles. However, the regression analysis is conducted based on simulated data and can be refined by numerical values coming from real warehouses. This work provides a new simulation model and a refined mathematical equation to estimate AS/RS travel time.
      Citation: Journal of Facilities Management
      PubDate: 2022-05-03
      DOI: 10.1108/JFM-11-2021-0145
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Contrivance interrelated building components and defects factors:
           qualitative survey approach on government buildings

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      Authors: Roslan Talib , Mohd Zailan Sulieman
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to identify the key aspects of building defects performance cases in relation to the building components focusing on the government-owned buildings and to enhance government’s role to curb the building defects to reoccur. The qualitative research method approach was adopted with a total of 5,243 specific building defects identified and accumulated from actual building projects and provided feedback on the defects associated with the Government of Malaysia’s owned buildings. This paper statistically validates that building defects are a staid delinquent matter fronting the construction industry in Malaysia. This matter needs to be tacked by all the parties involved in the industry. This paper proposes a factual statistical statement that is proved to be a practical and suitable measurement in correcting building defects and preventing them from reoccurring. Future research could focus on developing a defect performance measurement on real projects now focusing on private buildings as well. The defects performance statistical measurement is anticipated to prove the problematic rate of defects occurrence on government-owned structures, as the key elements on the national defect preventive strategy which have to be taken into account. The outcome of this paper is significant in its own right and serves as a platform for future research in this area.
      Citation: Journal of Facilities Management
      PubDate: 2022-04-28
      DOI: 10.1108/JFM-08-2021-0084
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Barriers to building information modelling and facility management
           practices integration in Nigeria

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      Authors: Esther Ire Okwe , Oludolapo Ibrahim Olanrewaju , Matt Heckman , Nicholas Chileshe
      Abstract: This paper aims to explore and review the critical perspectives of stakeholders in the facility management (FM) industry as regards the barriers to building information modelling (BIM) integration, with the view to providing significant insights to mitigate the barriers to BIM implementation. An extensive literature review was conducted to identify critical barriers to BIM–FM integration. Ten categories of barriers were identified from the literature review and used to design a Likert scale-based questionnaire, which was administered to registered members of International Facility Management Association based in Lagos, Nigeria. The data collected were analysed using both descriptive (mean score, standard deviation, frequency tables and charts) and inferential statistics (Shapiro–Wilk and Kruskal–Wallis tests). The descriptive and inferential analysis demonstrated a disparity in the ranking of the ten barriers among the groups. Six (out of ten) barriers to BIM implementation for FM practices are identified as critical (mean score greater than 4.0): insufficient awareness levels of BIM–FM integration benefits, non-existence of contractual and legal framework for BIM implementation, limited studies on BIM–FM inter-relationship, poor acceptance levels and resistance to change among stakeholders, perception of BIM and inadequacy of mode data. And the results of the one-sample t-tests show that there were statistically significant differences in the six. This study offers significant insights to industry stakeholders in understanding BIM implementation barriers in FM, as well as the framework for mitigating them. These findings could also be applied to other developing countries, with special consideration given to locational differences. The valuable information provided in this study could be used as a roadmap to improve BIM–FM practice implementation in Nigeria. It also measured differences in the opinions of professionals.
      Citation: Journal of Facilities Management
      PubDate: 2022-04-27
      DOI: 10.1108/JFM-12-2021-0153
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Underutilisation of information communication and technology in the public
           sector construction project’s implementation

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      Authors: Vuyokazi Precious Camngca , Christopher Amoah , Emma Ayesu-Koranteng
      Abstract: The construction industry’s daily processes demand heavy data usage and communication between project participants to meet client requirements. Thus, the application of information technology in project implementation has been increasing in the construction sector (CS) lately. However, the same cannot be seen in public sectors responsible for implementing government projects in South Africa. This study aimed to investigate the causes and effects of the underutilisation of information communication technology (ICT) in the building section of a public sector in a municipality in South Africa. A qualitative approach was adopted for the study, using a public sector in one of the municipalities as a case study. Face-to-face interviews were conducted among the building unit workers, using unstructured interview questions. The data collected were analysed using the ATLAS.ti software. The findings indicate a lack of understanding of existing and newly available ICT software and hardware technology among staff within the building technology due to lack of digitalisation in construction projects implementation, inadequate system upgrades, lack of adequate ICT resources, lack of financial resources for internet and software application subscriptions and lack of ICT training leading. The issues mentioned above have led to the outsourcing of projects professionals, slow pace of electronic emails, untrained professionals, usage of different and unlicensed software, resulting in the underutilisation of ICT within the whole building section. This change also adversely affects all officials, especially the junior officials who have graduated using the most recent ICT technology during their studies. The building department of only one public sector was used for the study; therefore, the findings may not be generalisable. The case study public sector’s name is withheld for confidentiality purposes. Adequate change management and continuous development, combined with the allocation of proper resources, would be necessary for all staff members. Enormous investments had to be made in the ICT equipment by providing a sufficient budget in the building section of the public sectors. The building section within public sectors should provide change management to all aged skills staff by attending seminars to learn new ICT technology applied within its work environment. The study established the causes of the underutilisation of ICT in the CS, especially in the public work departments and municipalities, and how this contributes to service delivery.
      Citation: Journal of Facilities Management
      PubDate: 2022-04-25
      DOI: 10.1108/JFM-10-2021-0128
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • The effect of COVID-19 on Indian stock market volatility: can economic
           package control the uncertainty'

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      Authors: Nenavath Sreenu , Ashis Kumar Pradhan
      Abstract: The stock market has shown fluctuating degrees of volatility because of the recent COVID-19 pandemic in India. The present research aims to investigate the effect of the COVID-19 on the stock market volatility, and whether the economic package can control the market volatility or not, measured by a set of certain sector-level economic features and factors such as resilience variables. We examine the correlation matrix, basic volatility model and robustness tests to determine the sector-level economic features and macroeconomic factors helpful in diminishing the volatility rising because of the COVID-19. The outcomes of this study are significant as policymakers and financial analysts can apply these economic factors to set policy replies to handle the unexpected fluctuation in the stock market in sequence to circumvent any thinkable future financial crisis. The originality of the paper is to measure the variables affecting the stock market volatility due to COVID-19, and understand the impact of capital market macroeconomic variables and dummy variables to theoretically explain the COVID-19 impact on stock market volatility.
      Citation: Journal of Facilities Management
      PubDate: 2022-04-20
      DOI: 10.1108/JFM-12-2021-0162
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Implementing the lean demolition of municipality buildings using fuzzy
           partial least squares technique

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      Authors: Hamidreza Vosoughifar , S. Farzadi , SZ. Hosseininejad
      Abstract: Lean management has been used in various constructions around the world for more than a quarter of a century, and it is an important factor in the construction of new projects. In relation to demolition management, only standards and codes and general principles of demolition of specific buildings were evaluated. The purpose of this study is providing relation between lean management on demolition processes of municipality buildings evaluated. This study investigates the lean demolition of demolished and renovated buildings in a metropolitan area that can be extended to all cities. In the first stage, the effective factors in the demolition of the building based on lean management were identified through a valid questionnaire based on the valid Delphi approach. Social, economic and environmental considerations were considered in designing the appropriate questionnaire. The modified approach between the fuzzy method and partial least squares was used to evaluate important variables. All of the modified processes were developed in MATLAB by the authors of this paper. The results show that customer-focused degradation parameter has the weakest effect and waste removal variable has the most effect on lean management. Statistical results show that there is no significant difference between the effect of lean management on variables such as demolition time, quality and type of construction (p < 0.05).
      Citation: Journal of Facilities Management
      PubDate: 2022-04-12
      DOI: 10.1108/JFM-10-2021-0120
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Exploring the impact of the physical work environment on service
           employees: an analysis of literature

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      Authors: Pinalba Schilleci
      Abstract: The recent COVID-19 emergency has brought to light issues connected to physical work environment, particularly to offices and to its impact on service employees’ internal responses, behaviors and outcomes. As the topic is characterized by fragmented theoretical approaches as well as a lack in consolidated empirical research, this study aims at providing a clear understanding of the main – as well as the most recent – issues debated in academic literature today. The study is a systematic literature review. Specifically, 124 papers, retrieved by Scopus, Web of Science and EBSCOhost research databases, are here systematically analyzed. The main findings are connected to the prevalence of studies investigating employees’ satisfaction and productivity as main outcomes, the increasing attention by academics to new workplace designs, characterized by peculiar attributes such as flexibility and nonterritoriality, and finally, the lower interest in nonoffice working environments. The review sheds light on the current knowledge of the relation between physical work environment and service employees to identify the main issues debated in academic literature and make suggestions for further research. First, the need to explore aspects of the physical work environment and employees’ outcomes that have not been adequately studied. Second, the relevance to investigate the above relation in public sector. Moreover, the importance of careful planning of the physical and virtual work environment in the context of the COVID-19 emergency.
      Citation: Journal of Facilities Management
      PubDate: 2022-04-07
      DOI: 10.1108/JFM-09-2021-0099
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • A two-stage solution approach for unequal area facility layout problem
           with bi-directional relaxed flexible bay structure

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      Authors: Irappa Basappa Hunagund , Madhusudanan Pillai , Kempaiah U.N.
      Abstract: The purpose of this article is to develop a bi-directional relaxed flexible bay structure (BRFBS) in the layout for the unequal area facility layout problems (UA-FLPs) and test the suitability of the proposed approach using literature data. This research adopts a two-stage solution approach for UA-FLPs to form BRFBS in the layout. The solution to UA-FLPs is carried out in discrete space. The proposed heuristic method optimises the layout plan for minimising the material handling cost (MHC), and also, it indirectly optimises the space utilisation by reducing the empty space in the layout. The first stage of layout design assumes that all facilities are equal in size and uses quadratic assignment problem (QAP) model. QAP is solved with a simulated annealing heuristic method. In the second stage, a heuristic method is proposed to find the optimum width for each bay and the dimension for facilities. The proposed heuristic method is tested with numerical data available in the literature. Results are compared with the results obtained by layout planning software, and with the simulated annealing algorithm for flexible bay structure (SA-FBS) heuristic procedure for continuous space UA-FLPs. The proposed two-stage solution approach gives the BRFBS for the UA-FLPs. BRFBS helps to create proper aisle structure in the layout plan. The layout configuration and solution of the proposed method is better than the layout planning software solution and SA-FBS solution. The application of the proposed heuristic method to case data gave lesser MHC, better space utilisation and better aisle formation than the existing layout. The proposed approach has the limitation that it can be applied only to UA-FLPs solved in discrete space. When the UA-FLPs are solved in continuous space, then it is not possible to make application of this approach to form bi-directional relaxed flexible bays in the layout plan. Most of the modern industries are automated, and they use material handling equipment (MHE) like automated guided vehicles (AGVs). Design of layout plans that help to create proper aisle structure for AGV’s in the layout plan is a challenging to the researchers. The BRFBS configuration is more suitable in the flexible manufacturing system where AGVs are used for material transportation. This paper proposes a novel two-stage heuristic method for solving the UA-FLPs in discrete space. The proposed approach generates a BRFBS in the layout plan. The BRFBS helps to create a proper aisle structure suitable for better material handling operations. Hence, this type of layout helps in easy interaction of the MHE (e.g. AGVs) with the boundaries of the facilities touching the aisle.
      Citation: Journal of Facilities Management
      PubDate: 2022-04-04
      DOI: 10.1108/JFM-09-2021-0097
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Selecting the right location for sports facilities using analytical
           hierarchy process

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      Authors: Esin Esra Erturan-Ogut , Ufuk Kula
      Abstract: This study aims to adapt analytical hierarchy process (AHP) for choosing the optimal location for sport facilities. The location of a sports facility contributes significantly to its potential success or failure. Therefore, factors affecting such location-related decisions must be carefully studied and prioritized in a systematic fashion. This study develops a seven-step framework which may be used to decide on a location from among several alternatives. Through an extensive literature review, this study first determines the factors affecting sports facility location selection and then applies AHP steps by asking several sports facility owners and managers to assess importance of the criteria. This study determined the sport facility location selection factors as “ease of access,” “facility features,” “financial issues,” “neighborhood” and “market,” and further divided each factor into its subfactors. To illustrate the framework of using AHP as a tool to select the right location for sport facilities, we chose three candidate locations and scored them according to the calculated weight scores of the criteria, identifying the strengths and weaknesses of each location. This study provides several managerial implications that may guide sport facility investors in choosing the right location. This study presents a method to evaluate different factors for different actors of sport industry in a systematic way. Private investors can use the method for securing sufficient number of potential customers in a well-selected location. Government institutions and public policymakers can use the method, possibly with different sets of factors, to decide on the location of public sports facilities to maximize the number of visitors or to reach disadvantaged or underserved populations. This framework of AHP method can help private and public investors and policymakers evaluate and make the optimal decision for choosing sports facility locations. This study contributes both to sport management theory and practice as well as to operation management literature. This study also refined the scattered factors in the literature of selecting a sport facility site in a more understandable and adaptable way.
      Citation: Journal of Facilities Management
      PubDate: 2022-04-04
      DOI: 10.1108/JFM-09-2021-0103
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Obtaining the effects of unobservable firm-specific characteristics on
           cost stickiness by the one-way error component regression model

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      Authors: Ali Shirzad
      Abstract: This research attempts to obtain the effect of unobservable firm-specific characteristics on selling, general and administrative (SG&A) cost stickiness by using panel data. For this purpose, first, the authors describe the one-way error component regression model in panel data and presented that unobservable individual effect how could be estimated. Then the authors tested this panel data’s ability by estimating the effect of unobservable firm-specific characteristics on SG&A stickiness. The authors find, for 195 firm-year of the industrial sector over 5 years, the SG&A costs increase on average at a rate of 0.76% per 1% increase in sales but decrease only 0.51% per 1% decrease in sales. In addition, the authors find that the unobservable characteristics of each company have different effects on SG&A cost stickiness. As the present study is the pioneer study on describe the one-way error component regression model in panel data and presented the unobservable individual effects. The findings of this study can contribute to the realm of this study and the related literature.
      Citation: Journal of Facilities Management
      PubDate: 2022-02-24
      DOI: 10.1108/JFM-10-2021-0110
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • A mathematical model and a simulated annealing algorithm for unequal
           multi-floor dynamic facility layout problem based on flexible Bay
           structure with elevator consideration

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      Authors: Kamran Zolfi , Javid Jouzdani
      Abstract: As far as the authors know, no research has already been carried out on the multi-floor dynamic facility layout problem (MF-DFLP) in the continuous form regarding the flexible bay structure, the number and the variable location of the elevator. Therefore, the present paper models the given problem and attempts to find a sub-optimal solution for it using a meta-heuristic simulated annealing (SA) algorithm. The efficient use of resources has always been a prominent matter for decision-makers. Many reasons including land use, construction considerations and proximity of departments have led to the design of multi-floor facilities. On the other hand, their fast-evolving environment calls for dynamic planning. Therefore, in this paper, a model and the SA algorithm for MF-DFLP are presented. After presenting a mathematical model, the problem was solved precisely in a small size using the GAMS software. Also, a near-optimal solution method using a SA meta-heuristic algorithm is suggested and the proposed algorithm was run in the MATLAB software. To evaluate the presented model and the proposed solution, some test cases were considered in two aspects. The first aspect was the test cases that are newly generated in small, medium and large sizes to compare the exact optimal solution with the results of the meta-heuristic algorithm. Eight test cases with small sizes were solved using the GAMS software, the optimum solutions were obtained in a reasonable time, and the cost of their solutions was equal to that of the SA algorithm. Eight test cases with medium sizes were run in the GAMS software with the time limit of 80,000 s, and the SA algorithm had performed better for these test cases. Two test cases were also considered in large size that GAMS could not solve them, whereas the SA algorithm successfully found a proper solution for each. The second aspect included the test cases from the literature. The result showed that suggested algorithm is more capable of finding best solutions than compared algorithms. In this paper, an unequal area MF-DFLP was studied in a continuous layout form in which the location and number of the elevators were considered to be variable, and the layouts were considered with flexible bay structure. These conditions were investigated for the first time.
      Citation: Journal of Facilities Management
      PubDate: 2022-02-17
      DOI: 10.1108/JFM-09-2021-0102
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Facilities management: towards flexible work arrangement (FWA)
           implementation during Covid-19

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      Authors: Shirley Jin Lin Chua , Nik Elyna Myeda , Yuan Xi Teo
      Abstract: This study aims to examine the key components to facilitate flexible work arrangement (FWA) and the issues and challenges arisen in preparing the workplace for FWA during Covid-19, and to recommend better approach of FWA implementation in workplace. This study adopted extensive literature review and case studies approach using interviews and observations to determine the key components to facilitate FWA and the issues and challenges arisen in preparing the workplace for FWA during Covid-19, and to recommend better approach of FWA implementation in workplace. Three offices that owning FWA experience during Covid-19 and featuring flexible workspace concepts, elements and layouts in Klang Valley, Malaysia were chosen as case studies. Findings have suggested that there are four components required to form flexible workspace for FWA adoption, such as open plan workspace design, task-oriented space, hot desking policy and IT infrastructure. Interestingly, the interview findings do not support the idea that the flexible furniture can facilitate FWA; instead, they believe that versatile, acoustical and aesthetical furniture may be installed when necessary. Among the issues and challenges faced were rearranging and designing open office plan layout, hot desk relocation and reconfiguration of spaces where people may congregate. Lastly, this research recommends that innovative planning software and tools, smart technology and apps, modern IT technology and infrastructure, and digital apps can be introduced to the workplace to help FM manage and monitor the facilities operations, workplace situations and occupancy rates. Since the outbreak of Covid-19, FWA such as “Work From Home” and remote working have become the mainstream in the workplace, affecting how the workplace looks and feels as flexible working is fundamentally related to the flexible workspace. From Facilities Management (FM) perspective, FWA is the biggest consequence of Covid-19, but it also presents opportunities and certain challenges to incorporate a new office environment and employees’ needs in terms of FWA into the corporate culture.
      Citation: Journal of Facilities Management
      PubDate: 2022-02-16
      DOI: 10.1108/JFM-09-2021-0101
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Implementing energy retrofits in existing hotel buildings using in-house
           teams: the decision-making process

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      Authors: M.F.F. Fasna , Sachie Gunatilake , Andrew Ross , Anupa Manewa
      Abstract: Among the existing buildings, hotels use as much as 50% of their total expenses on energy and offer significant opportunities for energy efficiency improvement. Yet, comparatively the level of implementation of energy retrofits (ER) in hotels appear to be low. This has been mainly attributed, inter alia, to the absence of clearly defined process for ensuring the delivery of ER and lack of proactive guidance for project teams to make right decisions. Hence, this study aims to propose an effective decision-making process, which could support the successful adoption and implementation of in-house-led ER projects in existing hotel buildings. Two in-depth case studies were carried out focussing on ER projects led by in-house teams in existing hotel buildings. Data was collected via 14 semi-structured interviews and was analysed through code-based content analysis. The decision-making process for ER projects led by in-house teams was developed, which presents 39 key activities to be performed and 16 key decisions to be made. The parties responsible for these identified actions and decisions as well as the points at which each decision should be made to ensure the success of ER projects was also identified. A total of 21 new activities and 10 decisions relevant for in-house team led ER decision-making processes previously not found in literature were identified. It is hoped that the decision-making process developed in this study will serve as a roadmap for the effective adoption and implementation of ER in existing hotel buildings.
      Citation: Journal of Facilities Management
      PubDate: 2022-02-14
      DOI: 10.1108/JFM-09-2021-0094
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Examining corruption prominence in SIDS – the curse and the cure for
           construction tender practices

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      Authors: Hector Martin , Ashlee Miller , Amrita Milling , Marie Martin
      Abstract: Business-to-government corruption has destroyed many businesses and debilitated numerous countries. The paradox of plenty, or the curse of resources, is exacerbated in emerging oil and gas economies, where corruption is rampant. Corruption most frequently occurs within the tendering stage of construction projects and the current debate fails to arrest this ubiquitous boundless construct in small island developing states (SIDSs). The purpose of this study is to explain how the unique features of SIDS contributes to an understanding of B2G corruption during construction tendering. This study elucidates corruption in the tendering process through the lens of collective action and principal–agent theories. Interviews with three experts and a questionnaire survey with 115 practitioners evaluated corruption in Trinidad’s construction industry. Principal component analysis reduced 33 corruption variables to 5 primary causes. In addition, the relative importance of potential solutions for curtailing corruption was assessed. The derived factors highlight that governance within SID oil and gas economies, inadequate tender procedures and practices, reprehensible business growth strategies, unethical misconduct and the social networking context characterise public infrastructure tendering. The recommendations for minimising corruption in tendering are grounded in behaviour and deterrence theories and infused with technological advances. Using surveys and interviews circumvents the limitation of the inability to measure corruption because of the confines of respondents’ recall triggers. However, corruption is mediated by cultural norms, which limits the generalisation of the findings. The study concludes that corruption results from a lack of transparency in the construction supply chain. It leads to an awareness gap between project stakeholders, which is a major risk factor and source of mistrust. The result is a lack of traceable processes and coordination among stakeholders. Consequently, the study fills the gap in responsible socio-economic consumption in SIDSs.
      Citation: Journal of Facilities Management
      PubDate: 2022-02-08
      DOI: 10.1108/JFM-07-2021-0071
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • New ways of working scale development and psychometric properties:
           validation in higher education institutions in the GCC countries

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      Authors: Soud Mohammad Almahamid , Alaa Eldin Abdelhamid Ayoub , Luma Fayez Al Salah
      Abstract: This study aims to develop a scale for new ways of working (NWW) in higher education institutions in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries. The study also intends to validate the psychometric properties of the developed scale. This study targeted the academic staff of universities in the GCC region. Out of the 1,200 questionnaires distributed, only 1,016 questionnaires represented valid responses. Because there was not a unified theory for NWW, the authors developed a six-dimension tool that covered all virtual work aspects and psychometrically validated. The results of exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses confirmed a structural model of six factors: flexible work location; work–life balance; communication; workplace design at home; culture and motivation; and satisfaction. The model showed a satisfactory fit. The scale consisted of 32 items with a high Cronbach’s alpha value of 0.85, which demonstrated good internal consistency. The results also suggested that the NWW scale had adequate convergent and divergent validity. The data for the current study is a cross-sectional that represents a single sector; therefore, it would be more interesting to include more sectors. The study findings contribute to the ongoing debate in feasibility and usefulness of NWW pre, during and post-Covid-19 crisis. This research has offered a new scale for measuring NWW that fits dynamic educational environment where continuous learning and innovation are the key critical factors for survival. For this reason, further future studies need to refine, validate and improve the current scale structure. Also, because the current scale is by no means conclusive, future studies may look at other work characteristics and contextual factors that determine the success of NWW. Practitioners can use the results of the current study as an intervention tool to leverage NWW acceptance to regain benefits and mitigate negative consequences. In addition, policymakers may use the scale as an evaluation tool to examine the readiness of higher education institutions to counter the COVID-19 crisis. The originality of this work stems from the fact that it is the first study to develop a scale for NWW and test its psychometric properties in higher education institutions in the GCC countries, a domain that has been ignored by the extant literature.
      Citation: Journal of Facilities Management
      PubDate: 2022-02-07
      DOI: 10.1108/JFM-05-2021-0051
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • To work at home or in the office' Well-being, information flow and
           relationships between office workers before and during the COVID-19
           pandemic

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      Authors: Anne Aidla , Eneli Kindsiko , Helen Poltimäe , Laura Hääl
      Abstract: This paper aims to compare employee well-being, information flow and relationships with co-workers and supervisors for people working at home and working in different office types before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. A nationwide study of 2,845 Estonian office workers in autumn 2019 and 2,972 in spring 2020 was carried out. It was discovered that in normal circumstances, people at home had similar results to those in a cell office or activity-based office. Open-plan offices were found to be the worst in respect to the facets of work studied. However, in the context of the pandemic, the playing field became more level in some respects and worse in the case of activity-based offices. When telework is well arranged both in terms of facilities and organising the necessary communication and information flow, then it is a viable alternative to working in an office. What is more, employers need to pay more attention to the physical and social work conditions in open-plan offices and also activity-based offices in the context of a pandemic. Previous studies have only compared telework with working in an office in general. Comparing working at home with different kinds of offices gives valuable insights.
      Citation: Journal of Facilities Management
      PubDate: 2022-02-07
      DOI: 10.1108/JFM-07-2021-0070
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Information-augmented exchange objects to inform facilities management BIM
           guidelines: introducing the level of semantics schema

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      Authors: Marjan Sadeghi , Jonathan Weston Elliott , Mohammed Hashem Mehany
      Abstract: Successful implementation of a building information modeling (BIM) for building operation and maintenance (O&M) requires purposeful, early-design identification of end-user-specific model exchange requirements. This paper aims to provide a semantic data-rich classification system for model objects to convey facilities management (FM) requirements in BIM guidelines in support of efficient FM-BIM data workflows. A modularized, repeatable and technical solution for semantic requirements of BIM exchange objects was developed through ontology-based data mapping of the industry foundation classes. The proposed solution further contextualizes syntax per the buildingSMART Data Dictionary schema and provides an implementation agreement to address the quality issues of discipline BIMs and establish consistent modeling and naming conventions to facilitate automated BIM data workflow. The level of semantics (LOS) development framework and the results of LOS implementation focusing on a building mechanical system case project are presented and discussed to showcase the increased efficiency resulting from its implementation throughout the BIM data management workflows. This study represents a pioneering effort to create and implement the LOS schema as a modularized solution in support of automatic BIM data creation, adjustment, verification and transition across the design, construction and O&M workflows of a large owner organization in the Midwest USA.
      Citation: Journal of Facilities Management
      PubDate: 2022-01-27
      DOI: 10.1108/JFM-04-2021-0044
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • The effect of COVID 19 on risk-taking of small and medium-sized, family
           and non-family firms

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      Authors: Hind Shafeeq Nimr Al-Maliki , Mahdi Salehi , Behzad Kardan
      Abstract: This study aims to assess the effect of the COVID 19 on small and medium-sized family firms’ risk-taking in Iraq. Data was collected by distributing the questioners. The statistical population consists of 600 employers and small and medium-sized family and non-family firm managers. Hypothesis analysis was carried out after evaluating the questionnaire’s validity and reliability using the structural equation method. The results indicate that COVID 19 influences small and medium-size family and non-family firms’ risk-taking. Since no study carried out so far on the effect of COVID 19 on risk-taking of family and non-family Iraqi small- and medium-enterprise firms and since the political-economic condition of Iraq has been affected recently due to the presence of ISIS, its effects, as well as the civil war that taken place before COVID 19, assessing such a topic can contribute to the development of science and knowledge in this field.
      Citation: Journal of Facilities Management
      PubDate: 2022-01-20
      DOI: 10.1108/JFM-09-2021-0105
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Adoption of cloud computing tools for sustainable construction: a
           structural equation modelling approach

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      Authors: Ayodeji Emmanuel Oke , Ahmed Farouk Kineber , Badr Alsolami , Chukwuma Kingsley
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to assess the cloud computing (CC) methods and tools towards the achievement of construction project sustainability in Nigeria. Data were obtained from the literature, complemented by a quantitative method using a questionnaire distributed among 104 respondents comprising mainly construction professionals in Nigeria. Subsequently, data were analysed using the exploratory factor analysis (EFA) method. In addition, the partial least square structural modelling was used to generate a model for the adoption of CC tools for sustainable construction. EFA results indicated that the CC implementation tools could be categorised into four significant constructs: platform, communication, software and data storage. Results obtained from the model showed that platform tools were the most crucial tools for implementing CC in the construction industry. The findings from this study are essential to the pursuit of perception of methods and tools connected to the vagueness of CC for future employees. In addition, the identified CC tools are expected to enhance the success of construction projects. The novelty of this research work will be a benchmark or board for decision-makers to quality by adopting CC methods and tools in Nigeria’s construction projects to achieve their sustainable projects.
      Citation: Journal of Facilities Management
      PubDate: 2022-01-14
      DOI: 10.1108/JFM-09-2021-0095
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • A review of research in activity-based working over the last ten years:
           lessons for the post-COVID workplace

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      Authors: Samin Marzban , Christhina Candido , Martin Mackey , Lina Engelen , Fan Zhang , Dian Tjondronegoro
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to map and describe findings from research conducted in workspaces designed to support activity-based working (ABW) over the past 10 years (2010–2020) with a view of informing post-COVID workplaces of the positive and negative attributes of ABW. Scopus was used as the search engine for this review. Papers which reported findings related to ABW and performed field study in ABW workspaces with adult occupants were included. Out of the 442 initial papers, 40 papers were included following iterative title and abstract and full text review process and consideration of inclusion and exclusion criteria. These papers were divided into three groupings (organizational, human and physical environment) based on their major focus. Positive and negative effects of ABW environments on occupants are discussed within these three topics in consideration of the implications for the post-COVID workplace. Although the included studies were inclined to be either more positive (i.e. interior design) or negative (i.e. indoor environmental quality, productivity, distraction and privacy) in relation to various attributes of ABW, no single effect of ABW environments on occupants was in full agreement between the studies. The shortcomings of ABW environments are more related to how this way of working is implemented and how occupants use it, rather than the concept itself. A partial uptake of ABW leads to occupants’ dissatisfaction, lower productivity and lower well-being, while a holistic approach increases the chance of success. It is hypothesised that many currently reported negative aspects of the ABW concept might diminish overtime as ABW evolves and as new challenges arise. A continuous post-occupancy evaluation after relocation to an ABW-supportive environment can inform the organization about the changing needs and preference of the occupants; hence, the organization can tailor the ABW solution to the arising needs. The inter-connection between the three key ABW pillars (organizational, human and physical environment) is crucial to the success of this concept specifically in the context of the post-COVID-19 workplace. This paper highlights the key shortcomings and limitations of studies produced over the past decade and identifies keys gaps in the current body of literature. It provides a new insight on how findings related to open-plan offices designed to support ABW can be categorized on the three big heading of organizational, physical and human-related aspects, and further investigates the positive and negatives outcomes reported on ABW under these headings. It also discusses how the findings arising from this literature review can inform the post-COVID workplace.
      Citation: Journal of Facilities Management
      PubDate: 2022-01-04
      DOI: 10.1108/JFM-08-2021-0081
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Journal of Facilities Management

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