Subjects -> HUMANITIES (Total: 1023 journals)
    - ASIAN STUDIES (155 journals)
    - CLASSICAL STUDIES (156 journals)
    - DEMOGRAPHY AND POPULATION STUDIES (168 journals)
    - ETHNIC INTERESTS (166 journals)
    - GENEALOGY AND HERALDRY (9 journals)
    - HUMANITIES (341 journals)
    - NATIVE AMERICAN STUDIES (28 journals)

NATIVE AMERICAN STUDIES (28 journals)

Showing 1 - 25 of 25 Journals sorted alphabetically
American Indian Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
American Music     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
American Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
Anuario de Estudios Americanos     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Comparative American Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Corpus. Archivos virtuales de la alteridad americana     Open Access  
European journal of American studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Globe : revue internationale d’études québécoises     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of American Linguistics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal de la Société des Américanistes     Open Access  
Journal of the Early Republic     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Latin American and Caribbean Ethnic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Magallania     Open Access  
Native South     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
PaleoAmerica : A Journal of Early Human Migration and Dispersal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Political Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Political Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Revista de Indias     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Southeastern Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Southern Cultures     Full-text available via subscription  
Studies in American Indian Literatures     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Studies in Latin American Popular Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Trace     Open Access  
Wicazo Sa Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
William Carlos Williams Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Political Studies Review
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.428
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 18  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1478-9299 - ISSN (Online) 1478-9302
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1165 journals]
  • Give Me Your Least Educated: Immigration, Education and Support for
           Populist Radical Right Parties in Europe

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      Authors: Guillermo Cordero, Piotr Zagórski, José Rama
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.
      This article deepens the analysis of the effects of immigration on the vote for Populist Radical Right Parties in Europe, focusing on education levels of both natives and immigrants. By analysing the immigrant population in 101 regions from 11 European countries, we show that in contexts with a large immigrant presence, the low-educated voters tend to support Populist Radical Right Parties to a greater degree than those who are more educated. However, when the ratio of skilled immigrants is high, also the more educated population tends to support these parties. Hence, our analysis adds insight into the relationship between immigration, education and Populist Radical Right Parties voting, highlighting the need of focusing at lower levels of aggregation and combining the characteristics of both foreign-born and host populations.
      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-09-17T01:42:23Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14789299211029110
       
  • Democratic Decline and the Politics of the Upswing: How the United States
           May Have Come Together a Century Ago but Can It Do It Again'

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      Authors: Matthew Flinders
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.
      Robert Putman’s The Upswing (written with Shaylyn Romney Garrett) provides a powerful meta-analysis of American social, political, economic and cultural change throughout the twentieth century. What this analysis reveals is the existence of an almost perfect arc of social progress which begins from a low position around the Gilded Age at the beginning of the twentieth century and then climbs across all variables until reaching a highpoint around 1960. The Progressive Era, Putnam argues, engineered an ‘upswing’ against inequality, polarisation, social disarray and a culture of self-centredness. Since then, however, the data suggest that a severe downswing has occurred which explains the existence of deep divisions and polarised politics in the United States. Putnam’s core argument is simple: The United States has pulled itself out of a trough before and it can do it again. In a post-Trump context, this argument could hardly be more welcome which may explain the rave reviews this book has generally received. Nevertheless, the core weakness of The Upswing is that it arguably tells us far more about how the United States ‘came together a century ago’ but far less about how it ‘can do it again’ in the future.
      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-09-17T01:41:57Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14789299211031857
       
  • Solar Panels and Political Attitudes

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      Authors: Resul Umit
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.
      In the fight against climate change, renewable energy has been subsidised in many countries. With the costs passed onto consumers, governments are paying those, for example, who instal domestic solar panels on top of their homes and feed electricity back into the system at preferential rates. We know that substantial amounts of income flow into households with solar installations as a result, but we do not know much about the political consequences of these programmes. Similar government programmes are known to have resource and interpretative effects on participants, leading to changes in their attitudes. Drawing on three longitudinal surveys from Germany, United Kingdom, and Switzerland, this article analyses whether installation of these solar panels causes meaningful changes in households’ various political attitudes. Using fixed-effect models as the identification strategy, the article reports null results – solar installations do not seem to generate political attitudes. This is good as well as bad news for actors looking to increase the amount of renewable energy produced through solar installations.
      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-09-16T08:42:19Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14789299211044868
       
  • Commissioned Book Review: Brown R, Henri Tajfel: Explorer of Identity and
           Difference

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      Authors: Stephane J Baele
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-09-09T11:10:17Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14789299211044014
       
  • How to Get Information Out of Members of Parliament (Without Being Told
           Off by the Speaker)

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      Authors: Philip Cowley
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.
      Based on experience of over 1000 interviews with British members of parliament, this article explains why members of parliament are difficult to get access to; offers tips to gain access to them, as well as ideas for how to get the most of out of them once they have agreed. It sets out one Golden Rule of dealing with political elites and also discusses the problems of attempting surveys.
      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-09-02T12:52:08Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14789299211042167
       
  • The Elephant in the Room in Presidential Politics: Informal Powers in
           Western Europe

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      Authors: Selena Grimaldi
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.
      Presidents’ informal powers remain under-investigated especially in Western European democracies. This gap might hamper the full understanding of how presidents ultimately behave and act. The objective of this article is twofold. First, it aims at adopting a definition of presidents’ informal powers by distinguishing them from formal ones and from informal institutions. Second, it distinguishes among different kind of informal powers by focusing on why presidents use them. To this end, a typology based on the following two criteria is proposed: (1) the existence of formal powers at disposal of the president in a specific sphere and (2) the evaluation of public support each individual president thinks to enjoy should they act or refrain. Four types of informal powers can be derived from these dimensions: substitutive informal powers, parallel informal powers, risk-taking informal powers and subverting informal powers.
      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-08-26T09:25:24Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14789299211041957
       
  • Direct Democracy and Party Membership: Testing the Role of Political
           Efficacy

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      Authors: Wen-Chun Chang
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.
      The declines in political party memberships along with an increase in direct democracy have drawn numerous scholarly discussions. Previous literature has explored the relationship between direct democracy and party membership, but the role of political efficacy in shaping this relationship has not been systematically examined. In particular, direct democracy can increase political efficacy by enhancing citizens’ civic skills and perceptions about government responsiveness and indirectly raise citizens’ interests in joining political parties. Using the structural equation model, this study shows that political efficacy strongly correlates with direct democracy and plays a significant role in influencing the effect of direct democracy on party membership. Moreover, results from the bootstrap mediation test of examining potential causal inferences suggest that there are distinct differences in the indirect effects of direct democracy mediated by internal efficacy and external efficacy on party membership.
      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-08-25T10:12:04Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14789299211034278
       
  • Measuring MPs’ Responsiveness: How to Do it and Stay Out of Trouble

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      Authors: Rosie Campbell, Diane Bolet
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.
      This article reviews the issues raised by the reaction to an audit experiment, studying the responsiveness of British MPs to their constituents, in November and December 2020. The experiment was part of a wider comparative project investigating the linkage between legislators and their constituents. We sent two short emails to all MPs asking how they and their party were going to respond to the economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. We were required by our ethics committee to debrief the subjects, providing the opportunity to withdraw from the analysis. The scale of the reaction to the debriefing email was neither desired nor anticipated (https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-56196967). We explain how we got ourselves into such difficulty, how we might have stayed out of it and the wider implications of our experience for experimental research on politicians. We reflect on the ethical issues raised by the reaction to our research, alongside the role that communications with legislators, the wider parliamentary community and the media should play in research design when conducting experiments with politicians as subjects.
      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-08-13T10:19:05Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14789299211038816
       
  • Ethics Audits in Cross-National Research: Experiences from Correspondence
           Study Field Experiments with National Politicians in Four European
           Democracies

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      Authors: Helene Helboe Pedersen, Tom Louwerse, Thomas Zittel
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.
      This essay contemplates experiences from four national ethics audits designed to facilitate correspondence study field experiments with national politicians in Germany, the Netherlands, Denmark and the United Kingdom. The experimental study aims to reveal possible biases in legislators’ responsiveness to distinct types of constituents such as non-partisans, lower-class constituents, ethnic minorities, and women, and to unveil possible unsubstantiated fears or misperceptions in this regard. The national research teams proposed the same experimental design but received three different ethical evaluations. Specifically, the relevant Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) in the UK and Denmark asked for two different de-briefing procedures. In the Danish case, this led to withdrawal of the experiment due to severe costs with regard to research quality. In the UK case, it led to increased risk of backlash. Our experiences imply a need for more consistent ethics regimes in the European research community designed to facilitate comparative social science research.
      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-08-13T10:15:22Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14789299211033449
       
  • The Electoral Crisis of Social Democracy: Postindustrial Dilemmas or
           Neoliberal Contamination'

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      Authors: Frank Bandau
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.
      The crisis of social democracy has been the subject of numerous articles and books from different fields such as party politics, political sociology, and political economy. This article contrasts two competing explanations prevalent in the related literature. According to the postindustrial dilemmas hypothesis, the crisis of social democracy is the inevitable result of the transition from industrial to postindustrial society and the electoral trade-offs social democrats are facing as a consequence. The neoliberal contamination hypothesis instead emphasizes social democracy’s neoliberal turn and the resulting loss of trust in social democracy, especially among working-class voters. It is argued that both hypotheses are not only based on diverging conceptions of partisan politics, pitting Downs against Gramsci, but also on different theories of capitalist development (modernization theory vs Polanyian “double movement”). As a result, each explanation captures important aspects of the current crisis of social democracy but also misses other aspects that are essential to fully understand this phenomenon.
      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-08-12T10:35:58Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14789299211032461
       
  • Commissioned Book Review: Robert B. Zoellick, America in the World: A
           History of US Diplomacy and Foreign Policy

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      Authors: Can Donduran
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-08-12T10:33:38Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14789299211031858
       
  • Commissioned Book Review: Yonique Campbell, Citizenship on the Margins:
           State Power, Security and Precariousness in 21st-Century Jamaica

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      Authors: Jermaine Andrew Young
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-08-12T10:32:16Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14789299211031836
       
  • Gender Gaps in Electoral Turnout: Surveys versus Administrative Censuses

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      Authors: Paulo Cox, Mauricio Morales Quiroga
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.
      Gender gaps in voter turnout are usually studied using opinion surveys rather than official census data. This is because administrative censuses usually do not disaggregate turnout according to voters’ sex. Without this official information, much of the research on gender gaps in electoral turnout relies on survey respondents’ self-reported behavior, either before or after an election. The decision to use survey data implies facing several potential drawbacks. Among them are the turnout overstatement bias and the attrition or nonresponse bias, both affecting the estimation of factors explaining turnout and any related statistical analysis. Furthermore, these biases may be correlated with covariates such as gender: men, more than women, may systematically overstate their electoral participation. We analyze turnout gender gaps in Chile, comparing national surveys with official administrative data, which in Chile are publicly available. Crucially, the latter includes the official record of sex, age, and the electoral behavior—whether the individual voted or not—for about 14 million registered individuals. Based on a series of statistical models, we find that analysis based on survey data is likely to rule out gender gaps in electoral participation. Carrying out the same exercises, but with official data, leads to the opposite conclusion, namely, that there is a sizable gender gap favoring women.
      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-08-12T10:31:22Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14789299211019562
       
  • Advantages, Challenges and Limitations of Audit Experiments with
           Constituents

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      Authors: Daniel Bischof, Gidon Cohen, Sarah Cohen, Florian Foos, Patrick Michael Kuhn, Kyriaki Nanou, Neil Visalvanich, Nick Vivyan
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.
      Audit experiments examining the responsiveness of public officials have become an increasingly popular tool used by political scientists. While these studies have brought significant insight into how public officials respond to different types of constituents, particularly those from minority and disadvantaged backgrounds, audit studies have also been controversial due to their frequent use of deception. Scholars have justified the use of deception by arguing that the benefits of audit studies ultimately outweigh the costs of deceptive practices. Do all audit experiments require the use of deception' This article reviews audit study designs differing in their amount of deception. It then discusses the organizational and logistical challenges of a UK study design where all letters were solicited from MPs’ actual constituents (so-called confederates) and reflected those constituents’ genuine opinions. We call on researchers to avoid deception, unless necessary, and engage in ethical design innovation of their audit experiments, on ethics review boards to raise the level of justification of needed studies involving fake identities and misrepresentation, and on journal editors and reviewers to require researchers to justify in detail which forms of deception were unavoidable.
      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-08-09T05:14:48Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14789299211037865
       
  • Commissioned Book Review: Alister Miskimmon, Ben O’Loughlin and Jinghan
           Zeng, One Belt, One Road, One Story' Towards an EU-China Strategic
           Narrative

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      Authors: Ran Yan
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-08-05T05:56:46Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14789299211036666
       
  • Partisanship Versus Democracy: Voting in Turkey’s Competitive
           Authoritarian Elections

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      Authors: Tijen Demirel-Pegg, Aaron Dusso
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.
      Do voters care about anti-democratic behavior by their leaders' While political pundits and academics often hope that they do, there has been little research that tests the effects that specific anti-democratic actions have on voters during elections. This is because there are few clear instances where violations of democratic norms are so visible to the average voter that one would expect it to have an effect, above and beyond traditional predictors of the vote. However, the recent elections in Turkey offer a unique opportunity to test the effect that nullifying an entire election (an unequivocal violation of democratic norms) has on voters. We do exactly that with a survey of voters following the election re-do. We find that even in such an extraordinary circumstance, voters rely on standard voting drivers like partisanship, rather than concern for the functioning of democracy itself. Ultimately, our findings have important implications for voting in competitive authoritarian regimes, as they fail to show that anti-democratic behavior is punished.
      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-07-26T04:46:20Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14789299211030446
       
  • Measuring Epistemic Deliberation on Polarized Issues: The Case of Abortion
           Provision in Ireland

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      Authors: Jane Suiter, David M Farrell, Clodagh Harris, Philip Murphy
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.
      This paper compares the debate quality in the plenary sessions of an Irish Citizens’ Assembly and an Irish parliamentary committee to assess the epistemic effects of public deliberation on a contentious subject: abortion. The unusual occurrence of a similar process of detailed discussion on the same topic in different institutions at around the same time (in 2016–2017) allows us to compare the deliberative capacities of these institutions and thus contribute to discussions on the appropriateness of an increasingly debated democratic reform: assigning political offices by lot. We suggest that the epistemic effect of deliberation on abortion should facilitate nuanced multi-layered discussion that is both ‘deeper’ in being based on multi-faceted arguments and ‘wider’ in terms of a more accommodative view. We anticipate that these effects should be more pronounced in the more deliberative, less polarized, environment of a citizens’ assembly rather than in a parliamentary committee. The analysis deploys the psychological concept of ‘cognitive complexity’. We find that members of the Citizens’ Assembly demonstrate a deeper cognitively complex grasp of the subject matter. In contrast, experts and parliamentarians tend to adjust their mode of delivery at a parliamentary committee reflecting the conflictual and strategic aspects of political debates in such a forum.
      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-07-23T11:52:42Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14789299211020909
       
  • Tactical Voting and Electoral Pacts in the 2019 UK General Election

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      Authors: Jonathan Mellon
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.
      The Brexit cleavage continued to define politics in the 2019 general election. This posed a challenge for parties and voters on each side of the debate: how to coordinate in favour of their side in each seat. In this note, I examine the extent to which party (electoral pacts) and voter (tactical voting) coordination affected the outcome of the 2019 general election. On the voter side, I find that tactical voting was only slightly more prevalent than in previous election cycles. On the party side, I find that neither the Unite to Remain pact nor the Brexit Party’s withdrawal of candidates against incumbent Conservatives noticeably affected the results. Holding the structure of preferences in 2019 constant, Labour would probably have won a handful of additional seats in England and Wales (three on average but only one clear gain) by joining the Unite to Remain pact. The effect of the pact is limited because Labour successfully won over many Remain supporters from the other parties during the campaign. This meant that voters of the other Remain parties were only modestly more likely to prefer Labour over the Conservatives by the end of the campaign, and the pool of minor party voters was generally small in Labour’s target seats. The Liberal Democrats would have received around eight additional seats if Labour had joined the pact (again holding preferences constant).
      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-07-19T12:07:11Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14789299211027423
       
  • Commissioned Book Review: Daniel Bensaïd, The Dispossessed

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      Authors: Igor Shoikhedbrod
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-07-16T09:37:26Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14789299211031861
       
  • Book Review: François Burgat, Understanding Political Islam

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      Authors: Sümeyye Sakarya
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-07-14T06:13:14Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14789299211031859
       
  • Book Review: Jack Holland, Selling War and Peace. Syria and the
           Anglosphere

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      Authors: Ben Wellings
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-07-14T06:09:39Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14789299211030764
       
  • Commissioned Book Review: Justin Yifu Lin and Yan Wang, Going Beyond Aid:
           Development Cooperation for Structural Transformation

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      Authors: Veysel Tekdal
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-07-12T12:23:57Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14789299211030773
       
  • Commissioned Book Review: Alan Haworth, Totalitarianism and philosophy

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      Authors: Porkkodi Ganeshpandian
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-07-12T12:22:40Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14789299211030763
       
  • Toward a Rational Civil Society: Deliberative Thinking, Civic
           Participation, and Self-Efficacy among Taiwanese Young Adults

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      Authors: Ming-Lun Chung, Ken Ka-wo Fung, Eric MP Chiu, Chao-Lung Liu
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.
      To explore the mechanisms that foster rational, communicative, and actionable citizenship, this research proposes a mediation as well as moderation research framework that links deliberative thinking, political self-efficacy, social capital, and civic participation. Data from 865 Taiwanese university students are analyzed with structural equation modeling, showing a positive association of deliberative thinking to political self-efficacy and civic participation, as well as a positive association between them. Moreover, the association between deliberative thinking and civic participation is significantly and positively mediated by political self-efficacy. When background factors are controlled, only social capital is identified to be moderating any associations between variables in this study. The established association between deliberative thinking and political self-efficacy and that between deliberative thinking and the non-electoral, as well as community-based dimensions of civic participation, are significantly weaker among those possessing less social capital, while such differences are not significant in the case of gender and household income. Based on these findings, the relative roles of deliberative thinking, political self-efficacy, and social capital in promoting effective deliberative democracy will be discussed.
      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-07-10T11:33:48Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14789299211024440
       
  • The Strange Silence of Latin American Political Theory

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      Authors: Cristian Pérez-Muñoz
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.
      Political theorists affiliated with Latin American and Caribbean academic institutions rarely publish in flagship journals or other important outlets of the discipline. Similarly, they are not members of the editorial boards of high-ranking, generalist or subfield journals, and their research is not included in the political theory canon of what students from other regions study. The aim of this article is not to explain the origins of this silence—though some possibilities are considered—but to describe some of the ways in which it manifests and why it matters. I argue that the exclusion or omission of Latin American and Caribbean voices is a negative outcome not only for Latin American and Caribbean political theorist but for the political theory subfield at large. In response, I defend a context-sensitive approach to political theory, which has the potential to provide greater voice to Latin American and Caribbean scholars while improving theoretical analysis of Latin America and Caribbean.
      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-06-25T11:29:50Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14789299211023342
       
  • Foreign Direct Investment Liberalization in Communist Regimes: A
           Theoretical Model Based on the Comparison Among China, Cuba, North Korea,
           and Vietnam

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      Authors: Alexander Kriebitz, Raphael Max
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.
      What are the driving factors for foreign direct investment liberalization in formerly communist countries' Previous research explains foreign direct investment liberalization as a function of the intensification of international commerce and democratization; however, the likes of China, Cuba, North Korea, and Vietnam hardly fit into this narrative. The following contribution makes a theoretical argument about the causes of foreign direct investment liberalization in communist authoritarian regimes with highly centralized and closed economies. We argue that foreign direct investment liberalization is caused by external shocks materializing in policy adaptations. The degree of foreign direct investment liberalization depends on the balance of power between actors who favor liberalization and actors who stand to profit from rent-seeking economies. The relative power of both factions determines the magnitude and type of foreign direct investment liberalization. We test this theoretical argument using case studies, which include China and Vietnam as representatives of gradual transitions and Cuba and North Korea as representatives of traditional rent-seeking economies.
      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-06-17T10:09:35Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14789299211020911
       
  • Labour Input Logic of Street-Level Bureaucrats: Evidence from Chinese
           Market Supervision Commission

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      Authors: Chunna Li, Jun Yang
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.
      The theory of street-level bureaucracy and its relevant data have proven the expected duties of the frontline staff of local government may be excessive but their time spent working remains quite low. Using data from participatory observations of street-level officials in a Chinese city, this study reveals the logic of this labour input paradox. Organizational climate incentive and promotional incentive jointly influence the time allocation of street-level bureaucrats. The organizational climate incentive reflects the weak incentive characteristic of the maintenance function of labour; promotional incentives have a strong impact on motivation, which is characteristic of the promotional function of labour. These findings reveal the costs of the New Public Management movement in an organization lacking an effective promotion mechanism and a positive organizational climate incentive. This is a snapshot of the dilemma faced by China’s public organization reforms, but it is also a problem other country must solve.
      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-06-17T10:09:15Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14789299211021511
       
  • Commissioned Book Review: S Fleming, Leviathan on a Leash: A Political
           Theory of State Responsibility

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      Authors: Juliane Liebsch
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-06-17T10:08:55Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14789299211021513
       
  • Commissioned Book Review: Andrew Gilbert, International Intervention and
           the Problem of Legitimacy: Encounters in Postwar Bosnia-Herzegovina

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      Authors: Laura Cullen
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-06-17T10:08:43Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14789299211021519
       
  • In The Shadows: Conservative Epistemology and Ideological Value

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      Authors: Dean Blackburn
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.
      This article intervenes in the debate about the nature of conservatism. Some contributors to this debate have claimed that this ideology can be defined as an adjectival disposition. They claim, that is, that a conservative possesses an attitude towards shared values rather than a distinct set of substantive values. The following discussion interrogates this account of conservatism and concludes that it can only be coherent if we ignore the epistemological limits of conservative thinking.
      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-06-11T07:36:55Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14789299211014393
       
  • The Effect of Mayoral Gender on Gendered Budget: Evidence from South Korea

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      Authors: Hoyong Jung
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.
      Politicians’ individual traits can influence policy outcomes. A local mayor has authority over the budget process and can affect the municipal budget allocation. This study empirically examined whether the mayor’s gender affected the gendered budget in Korean cities between 2016 and 2020. Across various econometric designs, our results revealed little evidence that mayoral gender (women, in this case) affects the formulation and execution of the gendered budget. The results imply that the effects of female representation through a female leader are dependent on various socioeconomic contexts.
      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-06-10T09:34:44Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14789299211021517
       
  • Rethinking Moving beyond Deterrence: A Partial Replication Study

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      Authors: Eitan Alimi, Gregory Maney
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.
      We assess Dugan and Chenoweth’s Rational Choice-based argument regarding moderating effects of indiscriminate conciliatory state actions on levels of terrorist attacks in Israel-Palestine, utilizing data drawn primarily from declassified security records on Israeli state actions during the First Intifada (1987–1992). This type of data source, we argue, contains a more accurate ratio of conciliatory to repressive actions than Dugan and Chenoweth’s media-based data, given state authorities’ attempts at concealing repressive actions while publicizing conciliatory actions during times of intense conflict. We discuss differences in results—including, most centrally, no support for the hypothesized effect of conciliatory state actions—highlighting the theoretical payoffs of examining the Political Process–related factor of varying levels of state control over the political environment.
      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-06-10T09:34:20Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14789299211014011
       
  • The Evolution of New Party Systems: Voter Learning and Electoral Systems

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      Authors: Nasos Roussias
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.
      How do new party systems evolve over time' This article argues that party system evolution requires the solution of coordination problems that voters face in early elections; this happens through a learning mechanism. Elections reveal information to voters, who update their beliefs about party viability and the distribution of voters’ preferences and adjust their behaviour. The institutional setting, however, strongly conditions the pace of learning. Restrictive electoral systems (single-member district) accelerate learning through the harsh penalties they impose on miscoordination, while permissive ones (proportional representation) prolong it. Testing the argument on a district-level dataset in new democracies provides ample support; voters learn to cast fewer wasted votes over time and this happens faster in single-member district systems. The findings point to a trade-off between consolidation and representation; while party system evolution is facilitated by restrictive electoral systems, the presence of distinct social groups in the political arena is better served by permissive ones.
      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-06-09T11:42:57Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14789299211014394
       
  • Book Review: Neve Gordon and Nicola Perugini, Human Shields: A History of
           People in the Line of Fire

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      Authors: Mai Anh Nguyen
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-06-09T11:42:47Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14789299211013694
       
  • Book Review: David Coen, Alexander Katsaitis, and Matia Vannoni, Business
           Lobbying in the European Union

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      Authors: Claire Godet
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-06-09T11:42:33Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14789299211021007
       
  • When Would a State Crack Down on Fake News' Explaining Variation in
           the Governance of Fake News in Asia-Pacific

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      Authors: Ric Neo
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.
      This article sets out to explain national variation in the governance of fake news; it asks, under what conditions would governments pursue securitization in order to address the threat of fake news' Through a fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis of 24 countries in Asia-Pacific, this article explores multicausal explanations behind why some countries have moved to securitize fake news—framing it as an existential threat and justifying the passing of laws that curtail civil liberties—while others do not. The analysis yields two main findings. First, although prevailing political arguments emphasize the threat of fake news to society and national security as justification for the securitization of fake news, this condition is neither necessary nor sufficient in causally accounting for the decision to crackdown on fake news. Conversely, crackdowns on fake news occur more frequently in countries less affected by fake news. Second, the analysis provides a set of two distinct, theoretically and empirically relevant causal pathways explaining the decision to crack down on fake news; the first pathway shows how non-democratic states without media freedom and which are relatively less affected by fake news instrumentalize the issue to restrict freedom of speech further; the second pathway shows how non-democratic states experiencing economic growth and political turbulence with proximate elections attempt to restrict freedom of speech. The findings suggest that implementations of broad legislation may not be an optimal approach, given that they appear to be more motivated by political circumstances than by the objective resolution of the problem.
      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-05-27T10:35:24Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14789299211013984
       
  • Corrigendum

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-05-13T02:30:32Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14789299211013010
       
  • Commissioned Book Review

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Gabriel Honrada, Daniyal Ranjbar
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-04-29T10:22:28Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14789299211007991
       
  • Commissioned Book Review

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      Authors: Andrea Beccaro
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-04-28T12:02:41Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14789299211007989
       
  • Commissioned Book Review

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      Authors: Stephanie Luke
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-04-28T12:02:11Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14789299211007984
       
  • Negativity and Political Behavior: A Theoretical Framework for the
           Analysis of Negative Voting in Contemporary Democracies

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      Authors: Diego Garzia, Frederico Ferreira da Silva
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.
      Recent developments in Western societies have motivated a growing consideration of the role of negativity in public opinion and political behavior research. In this article, we review the scant (and largely disconnected) scientific literature on negativity and political behavior, merging contributions from social psychology, public opinion, and electoral research, with a view on developing an integrated theoretical framework for the study of negative voting in contemporary democracies. We highlight that the tendency toward negative voting is driven by three partly overlapping components, namely, (1) an instrumental–rational component characterized by retrospective performance evaluations and rationalization mechanisms, (2) an ideological component grounded on long-lasting political identities, and (3) an affective component, motivated by (negative) attitudes toward parties and candidates. By blueprinting the systematic relationships between negative voting and each of these components in turn, and suggesting multiple research paths, this article aims to stimulate future studies on negative voting in multi-party parliamentary systems to motivate a better understanding of the implications of negativity in voting behavior in contemporary democracies.
      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-04-09T08:47:39Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14789299211000187
       
  • Does Federalism Prevent Democratic Accountability' Assigning
           Responsibility for Rates of COVID-19 Testing

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      Authors: John Kennedy, Anthony Sayers, Christopher Alcantara
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.
      Does federalism prevent citizens from holding governments accountable for their actions' The pandemic represents the ideal scenario for testing the effects of federalism on democratic accountability because citizens are highly motivated to hold governments accountable for preventing or failing to prevent the rapid transmission of the virus. Previous research suggests that a number of institutional and political factors complicate the accountability function in federal systems. We add to this literature by assessing the effect of one political factor, exclusivity (measured in terms of policy variation at one level), on accountability. The coronavirus pandemic provides a unique opportunity to assess this factor given the high levels of issue saliency, media attention, and low levels of intergovernmental and interparty conflict it has generated. Drawing on original data from the May 2020 Democratic Checkup Survey and public data from the Canadian National Microbiology Laboratory, our preliminary findings suggest that interprovincial policy variation with respect to coronavirus testing is not correlated with public assessments of the adequacy of provincial testing, and so it seems that Canadians are not able to assign responsibility to the correct level of government despite ideal conditions for doing so.
      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-04-05T09:32:55Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14789299211001690
       
  • Sexual Predators in Contest for Public Office: How the American Electorate
           Responds to News of Allegations of Candidates Committing Sexual Assault
           and Harassment

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      Authors: Stephanie Stark, Sofía Collignon
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.
      Candidate characteristics have an important impact on voter choice, and scandals are found to negatively impact a political campaign. Yet the literature, with its focus on scandals such as financial and (consensual) affairs, has failed to look into how allegations of sexual assault and harassment may impact electability. This study analyzes the effect that allegations of sexual assault or harassment have on the electoral success of American politicians. Using an original survey experiment, we find that, on average, American citizens are less likely to support a candidate accused of sexual assault or sexual harassment. However, not all voters do so to the same magnitude. We find that Democrats are significantly less likely to support a candidate that faces such allegations. Republicans do not strongly penalize candidates facing allegations of sexual assault or harassment, especially if the candidate is identified as a Republican. We analyze open-ended survey responses to offer an explanation for such variation: a propensity to disbelieve women who speak out about sexual assault and harassment explains variations in why some voters may not change their opinion of a candidate based on an allegation.
      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-04-03T09:00:10Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1478929921995333
       
  • Book Review: Michael Ryan, The Genetics of Political Behavior: How
           Evolutionary Psychology Explains Ideology

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      Authors: Berfin Çakin
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-03-29T09:24:12Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14789299211001241
       
  • Formal Education and Contentious Politics: The Case of Violent and
           Non-Violent Protest

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      Authors: Patrick S Sawyer, Andrey V Korotayev
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.
      This study investigates the effect that formal education, as a factor of socio-economic development, has on the intensity and forms of political protest. By way of increased socialization of democratic values, increased cognitive understanding of the society at large, and human capital to participate in protests, increases in a country’s level of formal education should theoretically lead to increased levels of peaceful protest. However, increases in formal education are also theorized to play a mitigating role on the intensity of violent protests (riots) for the previously mentioned reasons as well as the fact that education acts as a strong factor in increasing social mobility. With data from 1960 to 2010 and spanning 216 countries, our empirical tests demonstrate a significant positive relationship between formal education and the intensity of anti-government protests at the early stages of socio-political development and a strong negative relationship between education and riots along the full range of data, with the later stages of development revealing a particularly strong negative correlation.
      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-03-20T05:53:08Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1478929921998210
       
  • What We Need to Do to Deliver Pluralism

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      Authors: Gerry Stoker
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.
      A response to Pluralism and Political Studies in the UK: A Pilot Study into Who Gets What in the Discipline by Brenda Gonzalez Ginocchio, Andrew Hindmoor and Liam Stanley.
      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-03-03T04:46:09Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1478929921991025
       
  • Recognising Gender: A Response to Gonzalez Ginocchio, Hindmoor and Stanley

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      Authors: Fran Amery
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.
      A response to Pluralism and Political Studies in the UK: A Pilot Study into Who Gets What in the Discipline by Brenda Gonzalez Ginocchio, Andrew Hindmoor and Liam Stanley.
      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-03-03T04:45:28Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1478929921989205
       
  • A Response to Gonzalez Ginocchio, Hindmoor and Stanley

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      Authors: Angelia R Wilson
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.
      A response to Pluralism and Political Studies in the UK: A Pilot Study into Who Gets What in the Discipline by Brenda Gonzalez Ginocchio, Andrew Hindmoor and Liam Stanley.
      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-03-03T04:44:28Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1478929921989203
       
  • What Now for British Politics' Reflections on Gonzalez Ginocchio,
           Hindmoor and Stanley

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      Authors: Peter Allen
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.
      A response to Pluralism and Political Studies in the UK: A Pilot Study into Who Gets What in the Discipline by Brenda Gonzalez Ginocchio, Andrew Hindmoor and Liam Stanley.
      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-03-03T04:40:09Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1478929920986799
       
  • Pluralism and Political Studies in the UK: A Pilot Study into Who Gets
           What in the Discipline

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      Authors: Brenda Gonzalez Ginocchio, Andrew Hindmoor, Liam Stanley
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.
      How pluralist is political studies' How are resources distributed across the discipline' In this article, we turn one of the fundamental questions of politics – who gets what, when, and how – back on to the study of politics itself. Our focus is on two areas that are central concerns to pluralism: gender and sub-discipline. We pose two specific questions: What is the gender and sub-disciplinary composition of political studies' And how are various resources – ranging from jobs to prizes – distributed along gender and sub-disciplinary lines' In addressing these questions, we draw on a pilot and partial audit of departments, journals and other key indicators from 1998 to 2018. The article contributes to long-standing debates about the character of political studies and the extent to which the field is pluralistic or not.
      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-03-03T04:15:47Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1478929920971470
       
  • Commissioned Book Review: Policy Controversies and Political Blame Games

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      Authors: Matthew George McKenna
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-02-19T06:49:05Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1478929921990994
       
  • Commissioned Book Review: Jan Zielonka, Counter-Revolution: Liberal Europe
           in Retreat

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      Authors: Magdalena Lorenc
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-02-15T05:59:30Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1478929921991724
       
  • Commissioned Book Review: Kevin Hickson and Jasper Miles, James Callaghan:
           An Underrated Prime Minister

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      Authors: Joseph Tiplady
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-02-15T05:58:12Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1478929921990995
       
  • Radicalizing Rights: Basic Liberties and Direct Action

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      Authors: Paul Raekstad, Enzo Rossi
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.
      Strikes often lack a reasonable chance of success unless they violate some basic liberties (of contract, movement, etc.). This creates a dilemma for liberal democracies that recognize a right to strike: either the right is toothless, or the basic liberties do not have priority and so are not basic. Alex Gourevitch argues that grounding the radical right to strike in an interest in freedom resolves the dilemma. We point out an ambiguity in this solution: it either does not solve the dilemma, or it tacitly presupposes that there is no dilemma. However, we go on to show that a modified, dynamic conception of the radical right to strike can ground its priority, albeit at the expense of the basicness of certain static basic liberties. What is more, we argue that this generalizes to other forms of direct action, such as the recent Black Lives Matter blockades and those at Standing Rock.
      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-02-03T05:11:06Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1478929920984616
       
  • Blurring Lines of Responsibility: How Institutional Context Affects
           Citizen Biases Regarding Policy Problems

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      Authors: Douglas Page, Ridvan Peshkopia
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.
      Existing research suggests that individuals assign responsibility for policy problems based on prior biases like partisanship. However, what remains speculation is whether institutions that blur lines of responsibility elicit more biased responsibility-assignment when compared to institutions with clearer lines of responsibility. European Union enlargement provides an opportunity to examine responsibility-assignment for policy problems within multiple countries, where the EU triggers biases (pro- and anti-EU membership) when it works to export the policies required for membership. In surveys of Albania, Bosnia, and Herzegovina and Kosovo, we examine responsibility-assignment to governments for inequality in pay between women and men, which the EU asks prospective members to address. We find that biased attributions of blame for pay inequality are strongest in the Bosnian regions where multilevel governance is the most pronounced, while the unitary governments of Albania, Bosnia’s Republika Srpska, and Kosovo do not yield biased responsibility-assignment. Our results are consequential for multilevel governance.
      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-01-21T08:01:16Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1478929920982871
       
  • Book Review: Ceren Lord, Religious Politics in Turkey: From the Birth of
           the Republic to the AKP

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      Authors: Yesim Bayar
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-01-21T08:01:10Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1478929920982512
       
  • A Bayesian Measurement of Political Connection and Entrepreneur Preference
           on Trade and Competition

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      Authors: Yilang Feng
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.
      This article investigates how political connection shapes firm owner preference on economic openness and international competition in China, a topic that is getting increasingly relevant today amid China’s trade disputes with its trading partners over the nature of the country’s business-government relations. Politically connected entrepreneurs and their enterprises usually exploit and benefit from their political resources, but this can lead to both supporting and opposing views on expanding trade liberalization. To solve this puzzle, this article proposes a theory that focuses on (1) a selection effect of political connection on firm productivity and (2) trade-related institutional development in China. With survey data on China joining the world trade organization, I develop a modified Bayesian item response theory model to measure political connection and find that Chinese politically connected entrepreneurs held a less supportive view before joining the world trade organization than their less connected counterparts. This suggests an anticipation that the imminent opening would neutralize the privileges of politically connected entrepreneurs. By looking at trade liberalization, this article offers a firm level analysis that political opposition to sustained economic reform may derive from the short-term winners, instead of the losers, in transitional societies.
      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-01-15T04:50:33Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1478929920978341
       
  • The Electoral Connection Revisited: Introduction to the Special Issue

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      Authors: Corentin Poyet, Mihail Chiru
      First page: 327
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.
      Introduction to a symposium: ‘The electoral connection revisited: personal vote-seeking efforts’
      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-07-10T11:31:52Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14789299211022954
       
  • ‘It’s a Long Way from Kuusamo to Kuhmo’: Mapping Candidates’
           Electoral Constituencies in the Finnish Open-List Single Preference Voting
           System

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      Authors: David Arter
      First page: 334
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.
      This article seeks an insight into the nature of intraparty competition in an open-list single preference voting system, and it does so by analysing the distribution of votes for Centre Party candidates in the 40 or so municipalities making up the northern Finnish constituency of Oulu in each of the five general elections between 2003 and 2019. It builds on Grofman’s distinction between a geographical constituency and a candidate’s electoral constituency to map the ecology of candidate support in a constituency with (1) a larger than average district magnitude (M); (2) a significantly larger than average territorial magnitude (T); and (3) a substantially larger than average Centre party magnitude (P). Setting M, T and P within a party organisational framework, the article identifies (1) a significant disparity between levels of intraparty competition at district and sub-district levels; (2) several contextual factors that act more as disincentives than incentives to engage in personal vote seeking across the electoral district.
      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-01-25T09:04:00Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1478929920982509
       
  • Does Electoral Reform Change MPs’ Behavior' Evidence from
           Romania

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      Authors: Mihail Chiru
      First page: 355
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.
      The article illustrates that legislators’ constituency orientation can be enhanced through electoral system personalization, even in political systems that have used the party-centered closed list proportional representation for several elections. Leveraging a quasi-natural experiment, created by the 2008 electoral reform in Romania, the study investigates the frequency and determinants of parliamentary questions dealing with constituency issues and whether the reform has stimulated different forms of responsiveness toward constituents. The analyses run on a matched sample of legislators show that while the reform has not modified the proportion of all constituency questions, it has increased substantially the share of questions inspired by allocation responsiveness. Moreover, the effects of some determinants of constituency orientation changed after the reform: previous socialization in local politics loses its significance while we also observe an increased negative effect of non-local candidatures.
      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-07-03T10:29:19Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14789299211022565
       
  • Personalised Representation in a Weak and Party-Controlled Legislature:
           Policy Responsiveness in the French Parliament

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      Authors: Corentin Poyet
      First page: 393
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.
      There is growing interest in personal representation and policy responsiveness in the European literature. The current scholarship mainly focuses on strong legislatures. This article aims to contribute to the discussion about policy responsiveness by investigating the least likely case, France. It asks whether French MPs engage in policy responsiveness, and if they do, how responsiveness interacts with party agenda and electoral vulnerability. Drawing on written parliamentary questions asked by French MPs from 1997 to 2007 (N = 1172), the article shows that MPs’ behaviour is strongly affected by their district features. Moreover, the article shows that party agenda conditions the impact of district features. MPs are more likely to engage in policy responsiveness when the issue is also essential for the party. In other words, policy responsiveness is not independent of the party agenda. The article thus contributes to a better understanding of the personalisation of political representation and its relationship with political parties.
      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-04-29T10:20:31Z
      DOI: 10.1177/14789299211007987
       
  • Going Local: Parliamentary Questions as a Means of Territorial
           Representation in the Italian Parliament

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      Authors: Federico Russo
      First page: 410
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.
      Parliamentary questions are often employed by Members of Parliament to demonstrate their responsiveness to the needs of the constituency. This article takes advantage from this opportunity to study the determinants shaping the constituency focus of Italian deputies. Previous research has shown that the degree to which Members of Parliament devote attention to their geographical district depends on several factors related to electoral incentives, demands coming from citizens and taste-based preferences. By studying the behaviour of Italian deputies elected in three legislative terms with a system giving few incentives to perform constituency service, this article offers new evidence that non-electoral reasons are important to shape the role played by Members of Parliament.
      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-02-24T09:41:12Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1478929920986798
       
  • No, Face Masks Aren’t Dehumanizing

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      Authors: Stephen M Utych
      First page: 528
      Abstract: Political Studies Review, Ahead of Print.
      Wearing facial coverings has become a key element in the fight against COVID-19. However, deep partisan divisions have arisen over the adoption of face masks, with Democrats more supportive than Republicans in the United States. Among opponents, a common argument is that facial coverings serve to dehumanize the wearer. Using an experimental study, I find no evidence, using a nationally diverse US sample, that face masks are dehumanizing, whether worn by a White or Black person. In addition, I test for moderation by partisanship, which shows a lack of dehumanizing effects and provides some suggestive evidence that face masks can humanize the wearer, for Democrats, though these effects are small. Under no circumstances do I find evidence that face masks dehumanize the wearer, even among Republican respondents.
      Citation: Political Studies Review
      PubDate: 2021-03-09T07:22:31Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1478929921993764
       
 
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