Subjects -> JOURNALISM AND PUBLICATION (Total: 219 journals)
    - JOURNALISM (31 journals)
    - JOURNALISM AND PUBLICATION (148 journals)
    - NEW AGE PUBLICATIONS (8 journals)
    - PUBLISHING AND BOOK TRADE (32 journals)

JOURNALISM AND PUBLICATION (148 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 17 of 17 Journals sorted alphabetically
#PerDebate     Open Access  
Actas Urológicas Españolas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Journalism and Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
African Journalism Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journalism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Âncora : Revista Latino-Americana de Jornalismo     Open Access  
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Apparence(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Archivos de Medicina Veterinaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arethusa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Arizona Journal of Hispanic Cultural Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Arizona Quarterly: A Journal of American Literature, Culture, and Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Asian Journal of Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Information Management     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Asian Journal of Marketing     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Astérion     Open Access  
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Australasian Marketing Journal (AMJ)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BMS: Bulletin of Sociological Methodology/Bulletin de Méthodologie Sociologique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Brazilian Journalism Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
British Journal of General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
Brookings Papers on Economic Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 68)
Brookings-Wharton Papers on Financial Services     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Brookings-Wharton Papers on Urban Affairs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Bulletin of the Comediantes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Cahiers d'histoire. Revue d'histoire critique     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Cahiers de la Méditerranée     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CIC. Cuadernos de Informacion y Comunicacion     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Communication & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Communication and Media in Asia Pacific (CMAP)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Communication Cultures in Africa     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Communication Papers : Media Literacy & Gender Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Comunicação Pública     Open Access  
Comunicación y Ciudadanía     Open Access  
Connections : A Journal of Language, Media and Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cuadernos.info     Open Access  
De Arte     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Développement durable et territoires     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Digital Journalism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Documentación de las Ciencias de la Información     Open Access  
E-rea     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
El Argonauta español     Open Access  
Espaço e Tempo Midiáticos     Open Access  
Estudios sobre el Mensaje Periodístico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études caribéennes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Science Editing     Open Access  
Frontiers in Research Metrics and Analytics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
General Relativity and Gravitation     Hybrid Journal  
Géocarrefour     Open Access  
Grey Room     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
GRUR International     Full-text available via subscription  
Hipertext.net : Anuario Académico sobre Documentación Digital y Comunicación Interactiva     Open Access  
Improntas     Open Access  
In die Skriflig / In Luce Verbi     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Index on Censorship     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Information Today     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 34)
InMedia     Open Access  
International Journal of Bibliometrics in Business and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Entertainment Technology and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Investment Analysts Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
IRIS - Revista de Informação, Memória e Tecnologia     Open Access  
Journal of European Periodical Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Healthcare Risk Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Illustration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Information Privacy and Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of International and Intercultural Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Islamic Law and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Jewish Identities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Late Antiquity     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Latin American Geography     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of LGBT Youth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Literacy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Media Ethics : Exploring Questions of Media Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Medieval Iberian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of the Early Republic     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of the Short Story in English     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Thyroid Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Transatlantic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of World History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Journalism & Mass Communication Educator     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journalism & Communication Monographs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journalism History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journalism Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journalistica - Tidsskrift for forskning i journalistik     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Komunika     Open Access  
L'Espace Politique     Open Access  
L'Homme     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
La corónica : A Journal of Medieval Hispanic Languages, Literatures, and Cultures     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
La Presse Médicale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Language     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
Latin American Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Latin American Research Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Law, State and Telecommunications Review     Open Access  
Les Cahiers d'Outre-Mer     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Media & Jornalismo     Open Access  
Memory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Merrill-Palmer Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Museum International Edition Francaise     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Natural Language Semantics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Newspaper Research Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Nordic Journal of Media Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Norsk medietidsskrift     Open Access  
OJS på dansk     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Papers of The Bibliographical Society of Canada     Open Access  
Periodica Mathematica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Physics of the Solid State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Pollack Periodica     Full-text available via subscription  
Pozo de Letras     Open Access  
Prometheus : Critical Studies in Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Publishers Weekly     Free   (Followers: 2)
Religion, State and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Research Integrity and Peer Review     Open Access  
Revista Observatório     Open Access  
Revue archéologique de l'Est     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Revue archéologique du Centre de la France     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue d’économie industrielle     Open Access  
Revue européenne des migrations internationales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism     Open Access  
Scientometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Sensorium Journal     Open Access  
Signo y Pensamiento     Open Access  
Southern African Journal of Anaesthesia and Analgesia     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Stellenbosch Theological Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Studia Socialia Cracoviensia     Open Access  
Syntax     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Sztuka Edycji     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
TD : The Journal for Transdisciplinary Research in Southern Africa     Open Access  
Time     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Tracés     Open Access  
Transport Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Trípodos     Open Access  
Tydskrif vir Geesteswetenskappe     Open Access  
Tydskrif vir Letterkunde     Open Access  
Ufahamu : A Journal of African Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Variants : Journal of the European Society for Textual Scholarship     Open Access  
Verbum et Ecclesia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
World Futures: Journal of General Evolution     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)

           

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Journal Cover
Tydskrif vir Geesteswetenskappe
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.193
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0041-4751 - ISSN (Online) 2224-7912
Published by SciELO Homepage  [672 journals]
  • Transcendence, chance and happiness

    • Abstract: Die vraag wat in hierdie artikel ondersoek word, is hoe (lewens)geluk saamhang met transendensie en toeval. Hierdie vraag word in verband gebring met vrae oor die kern van ons bestaan as negering (iets negatiefs) en/of bevestiging (iets positiefs). Daar word aangevoer dat die spanning tussen negering en bevestiging behoue moet bly, soos wat Paul Ricoeur in sy dialektiese filosofie poog te doen. Dit is deurslaggewend, omdat hierdie dialektiek die vryheid bied om betekenis en geluk na te streef en 'n etiese lewe te lei binne die beperking van ons arbitrêre bestaan. Dan verdwyn geluk nie as 'n onmoontlike doel soos by die aanvaarding van negering nie. Dit is ook nie 'n lewe waarin ongeluk ("on-geluk") verdwyn, of moet verdwyn, as deel van die nastreef van geluk soos by bevestiging nie. 'n Erkenning is eerder nodig dat bevestiging sowel as negering, betekenisvolheid sowel as leegheid, geluk sowel as ongeluk, aan die kern van ons wese is. Hierdie soort dialektiese begrip van ons bestaan maak ons vry van die moontlike determinisme van transendensie en toeval. Dit bied die ruimte om geluk na te streef in die wete dat dit die volle omvang van ons menswees, ook die ongelukkige en pynlike kant daarvan, as deel van ons geluk behoue laat bly. Dit bied uiteindelik 'n nuwe verstaan van geluk as altyd gekoppel aan ongeluk en nie die vermyding, ignorering of oorkoming daarvan nie. Die artikel argumenteer dus dat, ondanks verskillende opvattings van transendensie en toeval, betekenis en geluk in hierdie immanente lewe en wêreld te vinde is en dat ons daartoe kan bydra.The question posed in this article is how happiness in life relates to transcendence and chance. This question is linked to questions about the core of our being as negation (something negative) and/or affirmation (something positive). Negation refers to the idea that the core of our being is meaningless, empty and defective. In this view, happiness becomes a futile effort to overcome unhappiness. Negation is a central theme in philosophical and theological traditions and is supported by the ideas of transcendence and/or immanence (chance). Affirmation suggests that something meaningful and happy lies at the core of our being. Then happiness is simply accepting affirmation and dismissing unhappiness. However, choosing between affirmation and denial of unhappiness means that the concept of happiness is attenuated and overlooks the creative and productive potential of negation. Instead, if, following Ricoeur, one argues that the negative can be strongly and creatively accommodated in our acceptance of our own complexity (Scott-Baumann, 2013:6), our understanding of happiness will be greatly affected. For instance, a combination of happiness and unhappiness as happiness - the dialectic of negation and affirmation - forms a direct challenge to the certainty of happiness and the despair of unhappiness. It implies, in addition, that one can face the world and its existence without fear (or the collapse of one's happiness) and live life to the full in the world. In other words, the option of escaping (to another world or in this one) the false security offered by happiness that negates negation crumbles. One now has the option of being at one with oneself - as happy and unhappy, as negation and affirmation - but also of being at one with others (all others, including those who suffer) and with the suffering physical world. Suffering or unhappiness need not be avoided or overcome for the sake of one's own happiness; it fundamentally forms part of one's happiness. Such happiness requires negation to be recognised as part of the core of one's being, because the negative (negation) is seen as an empowering, positive force that throws light upon the incompleteness and uncertainty of life, and at the same time shows us who we are and helps us to face the truths of suffering, famine and excess, despair and joy, in everyone of us and the world at large (Scott-Baumann, 2013:147). Our task - especially ifwe aim at being happy - is not to overlook or try to avoid these matters, but to see them, to allow ourselves to be affected by them, in order eventually to act compassionately and ethically. In summary one can say the following about the relationship between transcendence, chance and happiness: If happiness is understood as overcoming the fundamental defect or the negative of our existence (negation brought on by transcendence and chance), we remain caught up in an endless circle, trying to overcome unhappiness. One can try doing so in many ways, but in the final instance it remains impossible. One remains entangled by negation and finally in unhappiness. In this way unhappiness remains a problem for happiness. When happiness is seen as the rejection of negation and an embrace of affirmation, unhappiness and suffering are stripped of their potential creative and valuable power. Therefore, when unhappiness as something life-denying is rejected and when only the positive forces, powers and energies of life and nature - of chance (as affirmation) - are embraced, the potential positive meaning and power of unhappiness and suffering are forfeited and denied. Then happiness is nothing more than the unhappy task of rejecting or avoiding unhappiness at all costs, which, in turn, attenuates the complexity of our humanness and turns happiness into a selective (and perhaps unsympathetic) involvement only with that which is "good" and provides energy in life. The problem is that such an outlook on life requires a measure of self-understanding in which one wants to and may appreciate and experience only the good in oneself (and in others). This leads to a self-concept that is constantly undermined by the fact that our lives in part involve suffering, if only passively in the process of growing old. Ultimately, happiness is attenuated by this and once again becomes an unattainable goal. In a dialectic conception of negation and affirmation, the potentiall...
       
  • A philosophical discussion on death and the meaning of life

    • Abstract: Hierdie artikel doen verslag oor 'n filosofiese gesprek oor die dood en die sin van die lewe. Dit fokus in Deel 1 op 'n gesprek wat die outeur van hierdie artikel met Anton van Niekerk gevoer het nadat laasgenoemde se boek Die dood en die sin van die lewe in 2017 verskyn het. Omdat Van Niekerk diep spore in die filosofie getrap het, nie net in Suid-Afrika nie, maar wêreldwyd, en omdat daardie boek waarskynlik die belangrikste is wat nog in Afrikaans oor die onderwerp verskyn het, word die tema van die dood en die sin van die lewe in hierdie artikel verder ontgin. Ná die aanvanklike uitgebreide gesprek met Van Niekerk oor sy boek, word daar in Deel 2 stilgestaan by Vincent Brümmer se godsdiensfilosofiese gedagtes oor Van Niekerk se boek. Brümmer, 'n befaamde godsdiensfilosoof, vroeër verbonde aan die Universiteit Utrecht, het sy aantekeninge kort voor sy dood aan Van Niekerk gestuur. Dit word breedvoerig aan die orde gestel, waarna Van Niekerk toeligtende repliek lewer.This article gives an account of a philosophical discussion of death and the meaning of life. In Part 1 the focus is on a conversation between the author of this article and Anton van Niekerk after the publication of the latter's book Die dood en die sin van die lewe (Death and the meaning of life) in 2017. Because of Van Niekerk's huge influence in the discipline of philosophy, not only in South Africa but also internationally, and because this book is probably the most important one on the subject that has yet appeared in Afrikaans, this article further explores the theme of death and the meaning of life. In the conversation referred to above the following questions were put to Van Niekerk, who responded as comprehensively as time allowed: (i) What is life' Meaning: Before one can talk about death, should one try to define life' (ii) Is death the most decisive, or the most real, attribute of life' (iii) Isn t death a very morbid subject to research' How should we think about death with the current knowledge at our disposal (after all, we do not know everything)' (iv) Some people say: Religion is necessary to live meaningfully; others claim that death takes away the meaning of life. What is your view' (v) Is there an instinctive, evolving need to (want to) experience meaning in life' (vi) What was the inspiration for your writing this book' The question of the meaning of life is probably one of the most important questions in philosophy, but did other matters inspire you as well' (vii) How does one deal with death, especially once it has crossed the threshold of one s home' (viii) Every one of us probably fears and rebels against death. Why, and does it make any sense to fear death' (ix) How should we think about life after death' Where does this idea come from' How would people offaith know they were dealing with a Deity if there were life after death' Is eternal life really such an attractive option' (x) Will the day come when human beings will overcome death (not in the spiritual sense of the word)' (xi) What are your thoughts on assisted dying' (xii) Death remains a mystery, but how do you see it' (xii) As death remains a tragic event, is there anything worse than death that can happen to a human being' (xiv) When would one be able to say one's life has meaning' All these questions relate to the content of Van Niekerk's book. Part 2 of the article focuses on VincentBrümmer 's religio-philosophic thoughts on Van Niekerk's book. Shortly before his death, Brümmer sent Van Niekerk those thoughts, and in the correspondence he touched upon, among other things, our human limitations, our temporality and mortality, and the problems associated with the limitations of our human existence. He argued that many people try to deny the finitude of their earthly existence by assuming that death involves only the body and not the so-called "immortal soul". This view posed a problem for him, and he acknowledged that, in this respect and in the absence of any clarity on the matter, he was agnostic. Furthermore, not only a human being's earthly life ends at some point, but also the earth itself-and our solar system and all the others. He described the four phases one's life normally goes through from birth to death and joined Jean-Paul Sartre in distinguishing between the body one is and the body one has. For Brümmer the transition to the proverbial autumn of one's life (the last of the four phases) is radically different from the transition between the other phases. He emphasised the difficulty of the detachment process brought on by death and stressed that one does not think about (one 's) death enough because one often is too busy. He also struggled with Van Niekerk's argument that life is a tragedy in the face of death, but shared Van Niekerk's distinction between problems and mysteries, even though he found it difficult to understand Van Niekerk's explanation of mysteries. In the last section of Part 2 ofthe article, Van Niekerk, in his reply to Brümmer, appreciates Brümmer's grasping the fact that life was as essential a part of the book's content as death. Although the title of the book might give the impression that it is about death, it actually is about life, but then life outlined against the background of the ever-present death. He finds Brümmer 's analysis of the four phases of life both illuminative and problematic. Yet this four-phase model expresses something of what Van Niekerk means by a meaningful life. Upon rereading Brümmer 's correspondence, it struck Van Niekerk again that the theme of corporeality is very important for any reflection on the meaning of life and death, and that one of the mysteries of human existence lies in the fact that one can say of oneself that one is a body and one has a body. He points out how important detachment (highlighted by Brümmer), brough...
       
  • What about places, roles and offices' Because the law is about more
           than individual rights

    • Abstract: Individuele regte, meer bepaald die denkbeeld van abstrakte, gelyke, universele, subjektiewe menseregte oorheers tans die regsdiskoers en -praktyk. Dit is egter van onlangse oorsprong, want hierdie denkbeeld het eers gedurende die rewolusionêre tydvak in die laaste kwart van die agtiende eeu sterk op die voorgrond getree en toe ná die Tweede Wêreldoorlog beslissend geseëvier. In hierdie bespreking word die opkoms van die individu eers nagegaan en daarna dié van individuele regte. Dit word gedoen met verwysing na die Klassieke Griekse denke, die klassieke Romeinse reg en die daaropvolgende Middeleeuse tradisie tot by die Vroeg-Moderne tydvak. In plaas daarvan dat die individu met (individuele) regte in 'n potensieel of daadwerklike verhouding van spanning met ander individue met soortgelyke (botsende) individuele regte as die wesenlike eienskap van die reg beskou is, is die reg eerder kosmies beskou, dit wil sê, as 'n objektiewe regsgeheel waarbinne mense uiteenlopende toegewese rolle vertolk het. By die beantwoording van die vraag of ons enigsins baat te vind het by hierdie pre-moderne beskouings is die uitgangspunt, in navolging van Danie Goosen, dat ons met hermeneutiese oordeel eerder as met dogmatiese drif te werk moet gaan. Daarvolgens word die uiterstes vermy om die klassieke denkbeelde óf heeltemal (progressiwisties) te verwerp óf dit reaksionêr op ons huidige werklikheid te probeer oorplant. Teen hierdie agtergrond word hier geredeneer dat die volgende ses denkbeelde wat verder in Deel 4 uitgepluis word, náás individuele regte 'n belangrike bydrae te lewer het tot 'n meer omvattende, realistiese en harmoniese begrip van wat die reg behoort te behels. Die denkbeelde is plek, rol, amp, hoedanigheid, verantwoordelikheid en roeping.The notion of subjective individual human rights is presently occupying a dominant position in legal thinking and practice. Hence, people's position within the legal order is almost exclusively conceptualised in terms of individual human rights - abstract, equal, universal subjective individual human rights - to put the concept in true perspective. Nothing, so it is believed, needs to be added to that. In our day, moreover, human rights assume the character of a redeeming gospel, guaranteeing justice comprehensively and serving as a panacea for all the challenges humanity might be facing. Whenever a new ill arises a new human right will surface providing the required cure. However, the dominance of human rights is no natural given. Its present dominance is also of fairly recent origin. It is associated with a distinctive individualist ideology that emerged only since early modernity. It made tumultuous strides during the revolutionary era in the last quarter of the eighteenth century and finally triumphed only after World War II. Given the tremendous upsurge of subjective individual rights, conceptualisation of law in its objective guise as a holistic system has largely been neglected. This is unfortunate, since it has caused a distorted and impoverished view of what law - and a legal order - on closer analysis should signify. The last part of the discussion (Part 4) precisely seeks to offer suggestions as to what law viewed from an objective vantage point should signify. To reach that point, an historical overview of the emergence of the concept of the individual is first given in part 2, followed in part 3 with an overview of the rise of individual rights. These two issues are closely inter-related. For clarity's sake we deal with them separately. Focusing first on the individual (and individualism), it is shown that the "individual" of Classicism and the Middle Ages was in fact far removed from the individual of present-day individualism. Thus Louis Dumont (similar to Ernst Troeltsch, Alasdair Maclntyre, Collin Morris and various other idea historians referred to in Part 2) highlights the drastic break between the kind of individuality of early Christianity in stark contrast to contemporary individualism, explaining: This "individual " was a sinner before God the Almighty, equal to all other individual sinners, yet "naturally" anchored in a variety of communal settings occupying designated places and fulfilling roles. The latter were not regarded as equal to all others and exercising individual rights on an equal footing with all other individuals. Only after the individualising events specifically associated with René Descartes and Thomas Hobbes, something that vaguely resembled the modern-day individual, reflecting the notion of individualism, really started emerging, culminating in the post World War II triumph of individualism. Part 3 deals with the equally modern-day notion of subjective individual human rights. Concurrent with abstracting the notion of the individual, the idea of individual rights appears to have emerged only in the nominalism of William of Ockham and others. Before that, none of the Classical roots of our Western civilisation - Christianity, Classical Athenian philosophy, Roman law - conceived of law as a system of subjective equal human rights. On the contrary, law was viewed in the first place as a natural whole designating specific places, roles and offices to each person. Thus Michael Oakeshott explains: Roman law with reference to numerous classical sources such as the work of Celsius and Paulus as reported in the Digest in the Justinian Code, as well as various others such as Marcus Aurelius all viewed law as an objective (cosmic) order of justice sustained by everyone fulfilling his and her (naturally) allocated, distinctive roles. Individual rights have no doubt brought about huge strides to the betterment of human existence, but such rights also have a dark downside, having caused an inordinate degree of fragmentation, atomism and loss of a sense of civilisation. It is suggested that our classical Western roots of civilisation may be of help not by simply t...
       
  • The problem of historical guilt in South Africa

    • Abstract: Historiese skuld is ten beste 'n baie problematiese konsep. Dit word duidelik geïllustreer deur die Duitse geskiedenis sedert 1945, toe die Duitsers vir hulself rekenskap moes gee van hul optrede in die jare 1933-1945.1 Wié het wát aan wié gedoen' Wie besluit oor die vraag van skuld of onskuld van wie' En wie of wat gee hulle die reg om dit te doen' Welke morele of regsbeginsels word in die proses gebruik' Ook: Hoe ver moet in die tyd teruggegaan word' Na Columbus se aankoms in die Nuwe Wêreld in 1492' Na Jan van Riebeeck se koms na die Kaap in 1652' Na die "Scramble for Africa" in die negentiende eeu' Die verwoesting van die Boererepublieke en die groot sterfte van die Republikeinse burgerlike bevolking in die konsentrasiekampe in 1899-1902' Die begin van apartheid in 1948' Dit is vrae wat nie so maklik beantwoord kan word nie. Tog, gebeure wat 'n sekere morele grens oorskry - soos die volksmoord op die Jode in die Tweede Wereldoorlog, die Rwandese volksmoord van 1994, of die etniese "suiwering" in die Balkan in dieselfde tyd - het uitgekristalliseer in 'n bepaalde konsensus oor internasionale optrede rakende menseregte in die breedste sin van die woord, en dit is geformaliseer in 'n sekere juridiese benadering oor die saak. Oor die kwessie van historiese skuld in Suid-Afrika is, in elk geval op politieke vlak, reeds besluit. Die paradigma wat die ANC aan die Waarheids-en-Versoeningskommissie (WVK) voorgehou het - wat, met sekere nuanses, basies deur die WVK aanvaar is - was dat daar twee kante in die bevrydingstryd was. Oorvereenvoudig, was dit die "siegte ouens" (die apartheidsregering) teen die "goeie ouens" (die bevrydingsbewegings, veral die ANC/SAKP).South Africans are very quick to accuse one another of having been very bad in the past. Afrikaners are accused of severe race discrimination in the form of apartheid. They are portrayed as uniquely evil, almost as bad as the Nazi's in the Second World War. At the same time, especially the ANC/SACP is accused of severe transgressions, such as terrorism in the name of a freedom struggle, supportfor a totalitarian system in the form of Marxism-Leninism, and extreme intolerance of deviant viewpoints in the liberation movement. It would be wrong to view the matter in a simplified way, as the problem of historical guilt is a complex one. In this article, the problem is, firstly, examined from an ethical perspective. Apartheid must be recognised as - when viewed from a Christian viewpoint - immoral and wrong. The policy is examined in detail, with the conclusion that, while there were fleeting moments in which things could have developed more positively, these moments were still-born. Subsequently, the accusation that apartheid was akin to Nazism is examined. It is concluded that, while there were superficial similarities, the differences were too deep, in principle, to be taken seriously. Another aspect that should be seriously considered is why the Afrikaners actually acted in a particular way. Without defending what they had done, it is clear that they, in their own minds, were convinced that the very survival of Afrikaners as a people was at stake amidst threatening historical circumstances exemplified by the political, cultural and economic onslaught of British imperialism, as well as the looming shadow of a vastly superior majority of black people. Lastly, there is the question as to whether the ANC/SACP also has historical guilt to carry. In the light of the way in which the very Kremlin-loyal SACP during the years took over the leadership of the alliance, the answer must be yes. The alliance wanted to replace apartheid with Communism, a policy which has as severe ethical problems as may be ascribed to apartheid. Also, the alliance handled dissenters in an extremely intolerant way by locking them up in concentration camps, where they were treated very cruelly. It is hoped that a nuanced treatise like this could promote a public debate in South Africa.
       
  • De Zuid-Afrikaan and the contradictions of 19th century Cape
           liberalism

    • Abstract: Die Kaapse koloniale koerant De Zuid-Afrikaan, wat in 1830 die eerste maal verskyn het, word tradisioneel as die grondlegger van die Afrikaanse joernalistiek in Suid-Afrika gesien. Moet die koerant as reaksionêre voorloper van die Afrikaanse joernalistiek van Afrikaner-nasionalisme en apartheid gesien word, of het dit in die konteks van die 19de eeu 'n liberale stem verteenwoordig wat sedertdien onderbeklemtoon is' Hierdie artikel belig De Zuid-Afrikaan se redaksionele dekking van twee sleutelkwessies. Aan die een kant was daar sy (liberale) ondersteuning van persvryheid en meer selfbeskikking vir die koloniste, en aan die ander sy (konserwatiewe) houding teenoor slawerny. Die historiese nalatenskap van die koerant word herbesoek aan die hand van 'n literatuuroorsig en geselekteerde aanhalings uit die oorspronklike inhoud. Die slotsom is dat evaluering van De Zuid-Afrikaan in die 20ste-eeuse geskiedskrywing as eenduidig reaksionêr moontlik heroorweeg moet word. Van die nuanses en teenstrydighede van die spesifieke 19de-eeuse omgewing waarin die koerant ontstaan en ontwikkel het, het dalk verlore geraak.The Cape colonial newspaper De Zuid-Afrikaan, which was published in 1830 for the first time, is traditionally regarded as the founder of Afrikaans journalism in South Africa. But how should its legacy be remembered' Historians of different generations seem to differ. Was the newspaper the reactionary forerunner of Afrikaner nationalism and apartheid, or must it be viewed as a liberal voice within the context of the 19th century which has perhaps been underemphasised in 20th century historiography' This article revisits the editorial coverage of De Zuid-Afrikaan on two key issues, the emancipation of slaves in 1834 and the introduction of a representative elective government system in 1854. The newspaper was conservative towards the former issue, but liberal towards the latter. The portrayal of the newspaper is revisited by engaging in a literature review and quoting selected passages from the newspaper. In conclusion it is argued that past evaluations of De Zuid-Afrikaan as one-sidedly reactionary should probably be revisited, because much of the contradictions and nuances of the specific 19th century surroundings in which it was founded might have been lost in most recent versions of its history. This probably happened because the rise of Afrikaner nationalism in the 20th century was projected backwards onto De Zuid-Afrikaan. The result is a simple dualistic view of South African newspaper history in which De Zuid-Afrikaan represents a reactionary pole and its main competitor, The South African Commercial Advertiser, a liberal one. These two poles are then seen as representative of respectively Afrikaans and English journalism as it developed in the 20th century. A closer look at the founding and development ofDe Zuid-Afrikaan reveals a much more nuanced picture. Although the owners and editors of the newspaper were Cape Dutch in the main, it also made available its copy in English for at least seven decades. Afrikaans language nationalism in the form in which it later developed was not its aim nor its legacy to Afrikaans journalism. It is also a mistake to view the newspaper's defence of the interests of slave owners as a precursor to the support that Afrikaans newspapers provided to apartheid. De Zuid-Afrikaan did not try to justify and promote slavery as an ideology in the way in which Afrikaans journalists did with apartheid. In the 19th century slavery was regulated and based on accepted practice. The newspaper emerged as mouthpiece for slaveowners who had legitimate interests, claims, and fears when the system was no longer acceptable, and the law changed. The case of apartheid was different: first the Afrikaans journalists created visions, and then the laws followed. This article does not try from the moral high ground of the 21st century to whitewash the history of De Zuid-Afrikaan or present it as liberal ahead of its time. The point is that the newspaper was exactly a product of its time, and part of a greater Western movement from patriarchy to a more liberal order. Its editors were learned men who were in touch with the changes in parts of the world like France, the Netherlands, Britain and the United States of America. The support that De Zuid-Afrikaan provided to the liberal (in its time) constitution of 1854 shows an attitude towards other members of society, white and black, which seems to differ from later incarnations of Afrikaner nationalism in the press. De Zuid-Afrikaan was part of the development of Cape liberalism, which should be distinguished from the Afrikaner nationalism of the 20th century. Perhaps the question should be addressed whether it would have been more suited to the inclusive democracy of the 21st century or the fatherland of apartheid'
       
  • Challenges and opportunities in practising diplomacy - Before, during
           and after Covid-19

    • Abstract: Die wêreld beleef onstuimige tye en nie eens diplomasie kon veranderinge ontsnap toe Covid-19 die wêreld in Januarie 2020 getref het nie. Hedendaagse diplomasie verander teen 'n ongekende tempo en word gekenmerk deur nuwe rolspelers, nuwe vraagstukke en verantwoordelikhede en ook om diplomasie op digitale wyse te bedryf. Ou benaderings wat vir dekades, selfs eeue gegeld het, het drasties verander. Diplomasie kon nie verwag om steeds op sy eie voort te gaan asof niks gebeur het nie. Benadering tot en toepassing en bedryf van diplomasie is in die afgelope twee jaar tot in sy wese geraak. Die velerlei onderwerpe waaraan diplomate hul aandag moet skenk, neem steeds toe in omvang en intensiteit. Gevolglik kan alles nie in die bestek van 'n enkele artikel beskryf en uiteengesit word nie. Daarom is parameters gestel waarbinne bepaalde onderwerpe sinvol aangespreek word. Bykomend hiertoe word gepoog om die wesentlike probleme wat diplomate oor 'n wye veld in die gesig staar aan te spreek in die lig van die buitengewone omstandighede wat hulle moet hanteer. Die vraag is nou hoe diplomate vir hierdie nuwe wêreld in hul beroep voorberei en geskool word. Deesdae word van hulle verwag om internasionale adviseurs te wees en om nou meer as ooit tevore betrokke en instrumenteel in besluitnemingsprosesse van vrede en nasionale veiligheid te wees. Hierdie interdissiplinêre rol is 'n uitdagende een wat baie dinamika vereis. Met Covid-19 is die belangrikheid van multilaterale diplomasie herbevestig. Die digitale rewolusie stel nie net 'n magdom meer inligting beskikbaar nie, maar vereis spoedeisende besluitneming. Kennisbestuur is die doeltreffende hantering van inligting en hulpbronne binne 'n bepaalde organisasie. Kennisdiplomasie en die toepassing van 'n kennisbestuurstelsel is belangrik omdat dit die doeltreffendheid van 'n instelling se besluitnemingsvermoë verhoog. State is nie meer die enigste internasionale rolspelers in die steeds groeiende diplomatieke toneel nie. Die aantal rolspelers wat by buitelandse aangeleenthede betrokke is en diplomasie op een of ander wyse bedryf, het die afgelope dekades geweldig toegeneem. Hoe langer die pandemie aanhou, hoe meer verander die wêreld. Gepaardgaande met die snelontwikkelende metodes om data te verwerk en te versprei, het die kwessie van kuberveiligheid eksponensieel toegeneem. So is wetenskapdiplomasie, insluitende ruimtediplomasie, ook belangrik om van kennis te neem. Die uitdaging waarvoor diplomate te staan kom, is om hierdie veranderinge oordeelkundig en met nuwe vaardighede te bestuur.There is no doubt that the world is currently experiencing turbulent times. Not even diplomacy could escape change when Covid-19 hit the world in January 2020. Old approaches that have been in place for decades, even centuries, changed drastically, and diplomacy could not expect to continue as if nothing had happened. Approach to and application and operation of diplomacy has essentially been affected. In the era after Covid-19, countries and diplomats will still have to pay attention to these variables and will hardly be able to return to a previous era. Furthermore, domestic politics play an important role when considering strategic foreign policy decisions due to the threats that are expected or are already being carried out in connection with national security issues. Decisions on foreign affairs must therefore be evaluated in a certain domestic context because they develop mainly within national borders. In recent decades, the link between the two has become closer. The concepts of national interest, national security, domestic politics, and foreign policy have now become even more intertwined. Consequently, the question arises involuntarily: how are diplomats prepared and trained for this new world. Nowadays, diplomats are expected to be international advisers. Geopolitical views and applications have become more and more important, and the world is more interconnected than ever before. Understanding the global system is an inevitable requirement. The era requires people who can make difficult decisions and who will not worry about fine protocol rules being strictly enforced and adhered to anymore. These international advisers are now more than ever involved and instrumental in decision-making processes of peace and national security. This interdisciplinary role that these advisers must play is a challenging one that requires skilful dynamics. Contemporary diplomacy is changing at an unprecedented pace and is characterised by new role players, new issues, and new responsibilities. Multilateralism, which was the key to diplomacy since World War II has only gained momentum in the last 30 years, and with Covid-19, the importance of multilateral diplomacy was reaffirmed. In the span of two years, Covid-19 has revealed itself as a great equaliser, proving how interdependent the whole world really is. Covid-19 has unequivocally proved that the future of diplomacy is multilaterally driven. In addition, Covid-19 prevents personal contact and meetings, but foreign policymakers have been forced to adapt to a new digital norm. That digital revolution not only makes a wealth of information available, but also increases the speed at which decisions must be made. Diplomats similarly benefit from gathering and sharing knowledge, and this knowledge is made available at an unprecedented rate and needs to be managed. Knowledge management is the efficient handling of information and resources within a particular organisation. Knowledge diplomacy and a knowledge management system are both important because they increase the effectiveness of an institution's decision-making ability and ensure that all employees have access to overall expertise within the organisation. Knowledge management is consequently the conscious process of defining, structuring, retaining, and sharing knowledge and experience of employees within an organisation. The term knowle...
       
  • Spiritual preferences and the experience of worship services in the
           Dutch Reformed Church

    • Abstract: Daar is 'n wêreldwye tendens van afname in lidmaatgetalle van hoofstroomkerke. Hierdie artikel fokus op die Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk (NGK) in Suid-Afrika. Dit ondersoek of die hoofsaaklik rasionele verstaan van God eerder as 'n persoonlike spirituele ervaring 'n rede vir die afname in die spesifieke Gereformeerde kerklike tradisie kan wees. Die gewildheid van charismatiese en pinksterkerke in die konteks kan toegeskryf word aan hulle klem op subjektiewe ervaring, wat ook kenmerkend is van die postmoderne kultuur. Mense woon eredienste by met die verwagting dat hulle spirituele behoeftes bevredig sal word. Mense se spirituele en emosionele behoeftes verander saam met hulle leefwereld. In die moderne era was die klem op rasionele kennis terwyl die klem in 'n postmoderne era meer op subjektiewe ervaring is. Hierdie paradigmaskuif beïnvloed die wyse waarop mense godsdiens ervaar en beoefen. Die ondersoek maak gebruik van Corinne Ware se spirituele tipologie om insig te verkry in mense se ervaring van eredienste in die NG Kerk. Die resultate dra by tot 'n beter verstaan van lidmate se spirituele behoeftes met betrekking tot eredienste om by te dra tot hulle geestelike groei. Die vraag is hoe die NG Kerk getrou kan bly aan die gereformeerde tradisie terwyl 'n meer holistiese en inklusiewe benadering gevolg word, spesifiek wat eredienste betref.Membership of mainstream churches is declining all over the world. This article focuses on the Dutch Reformed Church (DRC) in South Africa. It investigates whether a reason for the decline in this specific Reformed ecclesial tradition could be the predominantly rational understanding of God rather than that of a personal spiritual experience. The popularity of charismatic and Pentecostal churches in the context could be attributed to their emphasis on subjective experience, which is also characteristic of postmodern culture. People attend worship services with the expectation of having their spiritual needs met. People's spiritual and emotional needs evolve as their lifeworld changes. In the modern era, the emphasis was on rational knowledge. In this era people resonated with the rational approach of the mainstream churches. The influence of the postmodern era is visible in the emphasis on subjective experience. This paradigm shift influences how people experience and practice religion. They tend to search for congregations that address their needfor a fulfilling spiritual experience. Many prefer worship services where they have a personal, emotional experience of God. Every person has unique spiritual needs and experiences God in unique ways. Therefore people exercise their faith in different ways. Spirituality plays an important role in people's lives. A qualitative approach was used to gain insight into people's experiences. The empirical part of the study was based on responses from volunteers who participated by completing spirituality questionnaires and took part in semi-structured interviews. The aim was to ascertain whether the DRC is experienced to be exclusive regarding spiritual preferences and, if so, whether this could be a contributing factor when it comes to the decline in membership of the Church. In 1980 Urban T Holmes wrote a handbook on spirituality, titled A history of Christian spirituality. Holmes' valuable contribution is a typology of spiritual preferences, specifically focused on prayer. In 1995 Corinne Ware used this typology and expanded it. She specifically focused on the way people responded to worship patterns. She explained differences in spirituality and spiritual preferences by distinguishing between four groups. She called the spirituality preferences "spirituality types" and named them "head", "heart", "mystic" and "hand". Ware developed a questionnaire to determine a person's "spirituality type". This investigation utilised Corinne Ware's spiritual typology to gain insight into people's experiences of worship services in the DRC. The results contribute to a better understanding of members' spiritual needs with regard to worship services in order for these experiences to contribute to their spiritual growth. The question is how the Dutch Reformed Church can remain true to its Reformed tradition while taking a more holistic and inclusive approach to spirituality, specifically with regard to worship.
       
  • Challenges and implications for the implementation of self-directed
           learning during Covid-19

    • Abstract: Die hoofdoel van onderrig is om toekomstige selfgerigte burgers te ondersteun in die verkryging van 'n blink toekoms en om die nodige SGL-vaardighede te verskaf om in 'n loopbaan goed onderrig te word. Onderwys, per se, is 'n sleutel tot lewe, kennis, selfvertroue, selfrespek en selfgerigtheid. Verder stel onderwys individue in staat om selfgerig vir die lewe voor te berei. SGL is as teoretiese raamwerk gebruik om die sentraliteit daarvan in die voorbereiding van ons toekomstige arbeidsmag te onderstreep en om uit te lig dat die ontbreking en nie-bevordering daarvan in skole tot agterstande kan lei soos dié wat gedurende die Covid-19-afsonderingstydperk en gepaardgaande skoolsluitings te voorskyn gekom het. Daar word kortliks besin oor die impak van Covid-19 op die volgende: i) die grondslag wat vir basiese onderwys gelê word; ii) die voordeel wat sekere leerders uit aanlyn onderrig getrek het; iii) ouerbetrokkenheid, iv) die belangrikheid van 'n onderwyser tydens aanlyn leer; (v) die emosionele ontwikkeling van leerders en trauma wat weens Covid-19 opgedoen is; en (vi) hoe leerders vóór Covid-19 bemagtig is om 'n pandemie te oorleef. Verder word daar melding gemaak van die uitdagings wat leerders, onderwysers en ouers (onder andere) kan ervaar vanweë vermelde skoolsluitings, met spesifieke verwysing na die uitdagings van toepassing op die makro-, meso- en mikrovlak binne die skoolkonteks. Ons verwys ook in 'n uitvoerige bespreking na die impak van Covid-19 op leerders se voorbereiding vir die 21ste eeu en die Vierde Industriële Revolusie (4IR). Ter afsluiting word die implikasies van Covid-19 en skoolsluitings vir die onderwyspraktyk belig.This article focuses on the influence of school closures due to Covid-19 and their impact on South Africa's future labour force (current school learners) and school stakeholders (such as teachers and parents, among others) - specifically the challenges and implications for selfdirected learning (SDL). Ensuring that we all stayed safe during the Covid-19 outbreak in 2020 came at a price. Not all parents are trained teachers; however, those who could teach their children at home had to take the place of a temporary teacher to facilitate teaching through various means of online applications and tools used by dedicated teachers as communication channels. Only some learners were fortunate to have available parents, dedicated teachers, and infrastructure (good connectivity and data) for electronic devices. That said, we provide a brief reflection on the impact of Covid-19 in terms of: i) the foundation that ought to be layed for basic education, ii) that only particular learners benefited from online learning, iii) parent involvement, iv) the importance of a teacher during online learning, v) the emotional development of learners and the trauma they experienced due to Covid-19 and vi) how learners were empowered before Covid-19 to survive a pandemic. SDL was used as the theoretical framework in this research. We adopted this theoretical framework to emphasise its critical role in preparing our future workforce and demonstrate how its absence or under-promotion in schools might result in delays similar to those seen during the Covid-19 lockdown school closures. We provide an in-depth discussion on the advantages of SDL for learners if promoted in the classroom. We further highlight that the key to SDL being an advantage depends on considering the type of learner, the type of teacher, and the learning environment. It is also emphasised that if SDL was not promoted in classrooms before the Covid-19 pandemic, learners could have experienced challenges during the lockdown that possibly affected their education. In other words, a learning environment void of SDL may promote traditional education and surface learning, among others. The impact of Covid-19 is discussed. Basic education serves as a building block for grades to which learners need to progress. Substantial problems that may be experiencedfor at least ten years (Van der Berg & Spaull, 2020) could emerge due to a long pause in children's education during the Covid-19 pandemic when schools had to close for an undetermined period. It is not easy to catch up on the education that did not occur during the six months of school closure when a learner has been promoted to the next grade to progress with their peers. Parents who had to fulfil the role of temporary facilitators and mediators (between the teacher, technology, and the learner) could not completely take the place of the teacher, as most parents were not trained teachers, nor could they provide the school environment with which learners were familiar and needed for holistic development and stability. Moreover, only some parents couldfacilitate learning for their children, as only some homes were equipped with the necessary technology and infrastructure. Thus, not all learners benefited from online learning. In our view, reflecting on how learners were prepared before the Covid-19 pandemic is essential - specifically regarding their ability to think for themselves, formulating learning aims and opinions, working analytically with content, and drawing conclusions (§ 4.3.1; 5). These abilities, which can also be recognised as SDL principles, are deemed necessary during at-home learning.1 Rethinking education is required to guarantee that students are equipped for future pandemics and that significant gaps in their knowledge do not exist. Reflecting on education to achieve such goals may be accomplished with SDL via more learner-centred teaching techniques and augmented and assisted by technology. Furthermore, among other issues, we discuss the challenges that school stakeholders may experience because of school closures due to Covid-19, with specific reference to challenges that apply in this context. Some of these challenges include the desire and eagerness to learn and use technology to enhance teaching and lear...
       
  • Hegemony and power: A normative reflection as elucidated by a case
           study

    • Abstract: Die artikel benut 'n gevallestudie met die oog daarop om te illustreer dat die gebruikmaking van die konseptuele verband tussen hegemonie en mag nuttig sal wees met betrekking tot normatiewe gevolgtrekkings rondom die werking van die demokrasie. Die bestudering van die verhouding tussen twee oorvleuelende konsepte, naamlik hegemonie en mag, is gebrekkig. Die artikel spreek hierdie leemte aan deur 'n bydrae te bied wat fokus op die verband tussen dié twee konsepte. Met verwysing na die Simdlangentsha tradisionele owerheid word aangedui dat hegemonie en mag georden kan word met betrekking tot sistemiese, reaktiewe en struk-turerende magsuitoefeninge. Hierdie teoretisering word in 'n toepassingsraamwerk saamgevat. In die slotgedeelte word normatief nagedink oor die gevallestudie en die plek daarvan in 'n demokratiese opset. Die artikel bevestig dat daar ruimte is vir tradisionele opsette in demokrasie met die voorbehoud dat dit nie voorkeur kan geniet nie.Hegemony and power are overlapping concepts. Hegemony can be understood as a way of exercising power and as the consequences of exercising power. Limited studies attempted to use the relationship between the concepts to interpret local settings. This article contributes to this endeavour by applying the concepts with a view to explaining power relationships in the Simdlangentsha traditional authority area in northern Kwa-Zulu Natal. The establishment of democracy in South Africa was perceived by traditional leaders as an attempt to undermine their power, while civil society experienced it as a liberation from social, political and economic oppression. Traditional leaders remained responsible for local community issues such as land allocation and usage and conflict resolution. However, the authority was exposed to global, national and provincial influences that affected their position of power. The traditional leaders would prefer traditional ideas to dominate local discourses and be accepted as authoritative, while other discourses nonetheless influenced and impacted the local ones. To explain this theoretically in terms of the relationship between hegemony and power, the article distinguishes among systemic, reactive and structuring exercises of power. In the case of hegemony as the systemic exercising of power, the traditional leaders attempted to present their authority as the true cultural products and authority, especially with reference to culture. The article examines this in terms of extant literature that indicates that they attempted to make their cultural authority a hegemony. Around the topic of the hegemony of a reactive exercise of power, the article moves to normative discourse in a greater degree. The systemic exercise of power is not normatively desirable. The article here employs theories that explain that a more suitable hegemony will be one in which citizens participate in its creation. They will react to hegemonies which do notfit their lived experience. This recognition prompts a transformation of traditional authorities in that they should adhere to these external influences. In the case of hegemony as the structuring exercise of power, the normative ideal is that the hegemony will result from an active project among traditional leaders and citizens. In such a project, both parties must be co-players and there should be a positive outcome for all. The article subsequently synthesises these insights to formulate an application framework for the conceptual relationship between hegemony and power. A scale is presented where, on the one end, negative hegemony and, on the other, positive hegemony are located, whereas in between the struggle occurs for these hegemony products. Negative hegemony is the manipulation of truth to ensure dependency and suppress civil autonomy. Positive hegemony is the establishment of a truth system that supports the realisation of shared goals and civil autonomy. The struggles for hegemony occur either towards negative or positive hegemony. Hegemony as the systemic exercise of power will be found towards the negative side, where it is a reactive exercise of power relating to the struggles that centre on it; hegemony as the structuring exercise of power in contrast tends towards the positive side of the scale. To explain the positive ideal of hegemony and what it may mean in the context of the Simdlangentsha traditional authority, the article consults democracy theories. It is concluded that positive hegemony stems from a discourse built on trust that stems from equal, protected and mutually binding consultations. In this case, each citizen is an end in itself as opposed to traditional settings where the whole is more important. This means that, in the case of positive hegemony, receptivity to differences is found along with inclusion, equality, consultation, trust, recognition, dispute resolution, self-control and autonomy. Opponents respect each other and conflict is resolved in legitimate ways with a view to a win-win outcome. This means that the hegemonic ideals of traditional authorities in South Africa should be heard. However, it may not be institutionalised as the only or preferred discourse in a democratic South Africa - also not at the local level. The article provides guidance for further research on this topic. Such research seems necessary. For the consolidation of democracy in South Africa, in-depth reflection and serious debate on positive hegemony is a necessity, certainly also when it comes to the challenges it faces locally.
       
  • Afrikaans Jackal and Wolf trickster stories: Patterning in the
           structure and general content

    • Abstract: In hierdie artikel word verslag gedoen van 'n deduktiewe ontleding van 'n versameling Jakkals-en-Wolfverhale met betrekking tot struktuurelemente, strukturele patrone, variasiepatrone en inhoud volgens die beginsels van strukturalistiese narratologie. Die struktuurmodelle wat reeds deur ander navorsers in volks- en trieksterverhale uitgewys is, is ook aan hierdie korpus getoets. Daar is bevind dat Afrikaanse Jakkals-en-Wolfverhale ooreenstem met die universele patrone van trieksterverhale. Dit het ook geblyk dat die held in hierdie verhale bepaal word deur die oogpunt waaruit die gebeure beskou word. Jakkals is onder meer 'n metafoor van die triekster wat in 'n sosiaal beter posisie geplaas word deur die feit dat hy slim is en daarin kan slaag om die fisiek sterkere te uitoorlê. Daar is bevind dat die struktuur van die Afrikaanse Jakkals-en-Wolfverhale in sekere opsigte uniek is - 'n universele verlede, unieke karakters, 'n beperkte ruimte, 'n verteller-fokalisator, gebeure waarvan die episodes op mekaar volg, episodes wat ingebed is in 'n handelingsreeks en vertellers wat ingestel is op die kindergehoor. Dit is duidelik dat die struktuur en algemene inhoud van Afrikaanse Jakkals-en-Wolftrieksterverhale dinamies gebly het. 'n Wyer soektog behoort geloods te word om meer volksverhale, in veral die Suid-Afrikaanse konteks, wetenskaplik te versamel sodat meer verhale met mekaar vergelyk kan word ten einde tot 'n algemener gevolgtrekking te kan kom oor die struktuur en patroonmatig-hede in Suid-Afrikaanse volksverhale.This article explores characteristic or repetitive pattern formations in the structure and general content of selected Afrikaans Jackal and Wolf trickster stories. By using a specific methodology, a corpus of stories was first selected, followed by a comparative analysis of the different stories. An analysis of repetitive patterns necessitates both syntagmatic and paradigmatic readings of the stories, as demonstrated in both Bremond's (1977) model, dealing with the action in stories and Greimas's (1966) actantial model focusing on different functions of characters. By utilising these analytic models, the methods of storytelling and foregrounding, as well as the meaning of these relationships and of the stories as a whole could be discerned. Pre-existing structural readings of the folk tale, the trickster tale and Jackal and Wolf stories also added value to the research. Some examples from the corpus of stories are provided to illustrate and substantiate findings. The corpus consisted of sound recordings by a project team led by Du Plessis (1987:814), recordings made by the researcher in the Murraysburg district in June 2010, Jackal and Wolf stories told by Dana Niehaus (2011), and stories from the volumes Die Kaskenades van Jakkals en Wolf (Rousseau, 2011), Die Mooiste Afrikaanse Sprokies (Grobbelaar & Verster, 2007), and Jakkals en Wolf (Grobbelaar & Verster, 2011). Both Bremond's action logic and Greimas's actantial model proved valuable in describing the structure of the stories and the unique formations of patterns that emerged from the analysis. For example, the actantial roles (Greimas) in Jackal and Wolf stories represented indications of an underlying deep structure informing countless re-telling of the different stories. Regarding the structure of events (Bremond), it was noticeable that in some of the stories, the episodes followed one another successively, while in others the episodes were embedded in previous episodes. A comparative reading of the Jackal and Wolf trickster stories revealed significant relationships between the structural elements of the different stories. For example, the stories all take place in a universal past; there are usually three characters in these stories, but usually it is only Wolf that is defeated. The characters are mostly male, and the few female characters present in the stories remain in the background. The characters constantly find themselves in a space thatfluctuates between a domesticated and an undomesticated world. The stories are mainly told by an external narrator-focaliser who narrates and observes and who is not limited to a particular position. These stories are most often told by male storytellers. Many of the storytellers are highly attuned to the audience and they often adapt the stories to suit their target audience (South African children). Many of the storytellers engage the audience by making use of ingenious techniques; for example, by directly involving the audience in dialogue or offering moral lessons. It clearly emerged that the identity of the hero in these stories depends on the perspective from which the events are considered. The investigated corpus shows that the stories can be described as trickster tales in more ways than one, and that they follow the general patterns of trickster tales. It is also clear that the identified structures remain dynamic.
       
  • Gender performance in Alba Bouwer 's Afrikaans translation of the
           etiquette book Sybille: Sjarmante vriendin (Sybille: Charming friend)

    • Abstract: In hierdie artikel ondersoek ons Alba Bouwer se Afrikaanse vertaling van die Duitse etiketboek Charmante Freundin: Sybille (1959), waarin die outeur nie vermeld word nie, as Sybille: Sjarmante vriendin (1968). Die Afrikaanse vertaling van Sybille word nêrens vermeld in die Afrikaanse naslaanliteratuur nie en daar bestaan 'n lakune in die ontleding van die Afrikaanse etiketboekgenre. Hierdie artikel trag om 'n gesprek aan te voor oor hierdie geïgnoreerde genre en hierdie vergete teks. Internasionale teoretici van etiketboeke beklemtoon die genre se gemoeidheid met voorskriftelike gedrag vir vroue en daarom vertolk ons Sybille as 'n handleiding vir hegemoniese gender-performance. Ons gebruik Judith Butler se teorieë van genderperformatiwiteit en gender-performance om die advies wat Sybille aanbied vir haar vroulike teikenlesers te ontleed, en redeneer dan dat die spreker se voorgeskrewe vroulike ideaal ooreenstem met normatiewe hegemoniese verwagtings van vroue. Deur die lens van die deskriptiewe vertaalteorie kaats ons die teks teen die agtergrond van Afrikanernasionalistiese genderkonstruksies van die 1960's en 1970's soos geuiter deur Bouwer en ander invloedryke politieke figure. Ons identifiseer dan 'n interne teenstrydigheid in beide Bouwer en Sybille se retoriek en advies aangaande aanvaarbare vroulike gedrag en bevind dat hul albei patriargale konstruksies van vroulikheid terselfdertyd beaam en kritiseer. Ons skryf hierdie paradoksale konstruksie van vroulikheid toe aan die subtiele invloed wat die tweede feministiese beweging begin uitoefen het op genderideologie in Suid-Afrika.In this article we investigate the Afrikaans journalist and children's book author Alba Bouwer 's Afrikaans translation of the anonymously published German etiquette book, Charmante Freundin: Sybille (1959), as Sybille: Sjarmante vriendin (1968). Mention of Bouwer's translation of Sybille has thus far been omitted in Afrikaans literature reference sources, a remarkable oversight given Bouwer 's magisterial canon position in Afrikaans literature and the general thoroughness that characterises sources on her writing. Furthermore, notable lacunae exist of analyses or discussions of the Afrikaans etiquette book genre. To date, Afrikaans texts in this genre have not been examined or analysed and neither has the genre as such been defined in relation to the cultural milieu of its Afrikaans readers. This article seeks to initiate a discussion of not only this unexamined genre, but also this particular neglected text and its significance regarding Bouwer 's oeuvre. International theorists of etiquette books stress the status thereof as a typically female-targeted genre preoccupied with the establishment of normative feminine values, and we thus read Sybille as a script advocating a standard (Western) hegemonic gender performance. We employ Judith Butler's theories of gender performativity and gender performance to analyse Sybille's advice offered to her female readers, arguing that the speaker'sprescribed suggested female ideal concurs with normative hegemonic expectations of women in the sociohistorical context in which it was translated. Similarly, her advice hinges, semantically and in general, on women never performing their gender in an excessive or demonstrative way that she describes as "too" much. We conduct a close reading of the text itself, scanning it for the rhetorical techniques employed, specifically with regard to the narrator's seductive self-presentation and the manner in which she addresses and engages the model reader to generate a process of gendered subject formation. In this section we identify and discuss both Sybille's performed and performative dimensions as well as how these two distinct but interrelated concepts interact in the text and in its desired social outcome. By adopting a descriptive (as opposed to a prescriptive) translation theory lens, we focus on the translated text's position and function in the culture of the target language community in the late 1960s rather than on that of its original 1950s German production context. To this end we employ André Lefevre's concept of rewriting, Itamar Even-Zohar's notion of compatibility and Sandra Bermann's application of Butler's definition ofperformativity with reference to Translation Studies. With the aid of these notions, we interpret Bouwer 's translation as contributing to the inauguration of a boom of etiquette books in Afrikaans since the 1960s. Subsequently, we contextualise this translated text against the background of Afrikaner nationalist gender constructions of the 1960s and 1970s, as expressed by Bouwer and certain influential political figures. Three prescribed gendered social roles for Afrikaner women in the 1960s and 1970s are identified. Afrikaner women were expected to be: (a) mothers and wives, (b) the keepers or custodians of Afrikaner morality (c) and by implication, they were expected to act as guardians against perceived enemies of the nation (identified as Communism and the equality of different races). Our analysis illustrates that most of the Afrikaner nationalist norms and values regarding gender and its associated prescribed expected behaviours we identify were also espoused by the speaker in Sybille and therefore the source text, in terms of its propagated value assumptions and truth claims, translates seamlessly and effectively into the mainstream reading context of the target culture. Lastly, we identify throughout the paper a comparable self-contradiction in Bouwer 's own rhetoric (found in paratextual sources, such as speeches) and in that of the speaker in Sybille: both simultaneously endorse and criticise patriarchal constructions of womanhood. We ascribe this paradoxical construction offemininity to the subtle influence of Second Wave Feminism on discourses concerning gender in South Africa.
       
  • Redakteursnota

    • Abstract: In hierdie artikel ondersoek ons Alba Bouwer se Afrikaanse vertaling van die Duitse etiketboek Charmante Freundin: Sybille (1959), waarin die outeur nie vermeld word nie, as Sybille: Sjarmante vriendin (1968). Die Afrikaanse vertaling van Sybille word nêrens vermeld in die Afrikaanse naslaanliteratuur nie en daar bestaan 'n lakune in die ontleding van die Afrikaanse etiketboekgenre. Hierdie artikel trag om 'n gesprek aan te voor oor hierdie geïgnoreerde genre en hierdie vergete teks. Internasionale teoretici van etiketboeke beklemtoon die genre se gemoeidheid met voorskriftelike gedrag vir vroue en daarom vertolk ons Sybille as 'n handleiding vir hegemoniese gender-performance. Ons gebruik Judith Butler se teorieë van genderperformatiwiteit en gender-performance om die advies wat Sybille aanbied vir haar vroulike teikenlesers te ontleed, en redeneer dan dat die spreker se voorgeskrewe vroulike ideaal ooreenstem met normatiewe hegemoniese verwagtings van vroue. Deur die lens van die deskriptiewe vertaalteorie kaats ons die teks teen die agtergrond van Afrikanernasionalistiese genderkonstruksies van die 1960's en 1970's soos geuiter deur Bouwer en ander invloedryke politieke figure. Ons identifiseer dan 'n interne teenstrydigheid in beide Bouwer en Sybille se retoriek en advies aangaande aanvaarbare vroulike gedrag en bevind dat hul albei patriargale konstruksies van vroulikheid terselfdertyd beaam en kritiseer. Ons skryf hierdie paradoksale konstruksie van vroulikheid toe aan die subtiele invloed wat die tweede feministiese beweging begin uitoefen het op genderideologie in Suid-Afrika.In this article we investigate the Afrikaans journalist and children's book author Alba Bouwer 's Afrikaans translation of the anonymously published German etiquette book, Charmante Freundin: Sybille (1959), as Sybille: Sjarmante vriendin (1968). Mention of Bouwer's translation of Sybille has thus far been omitted in Afrikaans literature reference sources, a remarkable oversight given Bouwer 's magisterial canon position in Afrikaans literature and the general thoroughness that characterises sources on her writing. Furthermore, notable lacunae exist of analyses or discussions of the Afrikaans etiquette book genre. To date, Afrikaans texts in this genre have not been examined or analysed and neither has the genre as such been defined in relation to the cultural milieu of its Afrikaans readers. This article seeks to initiate a discussion of not only this unexamined genre, but also this particular neglected text and its significance regarding Bouwer 's oeuvre. International theorists of etiquette books stress the status thereof as a typically female-targeted genre preoccupied with the establishment of normative feminine values, and we thus read Sybille as a script advocating a standard (Western) hegemonic gender performance. We employ Judith Butler's theories of gender performativity and gender performance to analyse Sybille's advice offered to her female readers, arguing that the speaker'sprescribed suggested female ideal concurs with normative hegemonic expectations of women in the sociohistorical context in which it was translated. Similarly, her advice hinges, semantically and in general, on women never performing their gender in an excessive or demonstrative way that she describes as "too" much. We conduct a close reading of the text itself, scanning it for the rhetorical techniques employed, specifically with regard to the narrator's seductive self-presentation and the manner in which she addresses and engages the model reader to generate a process of gendered subject formation. In this section we identify and discuss both Sybille's performed and performative dimensions as well as how these two distinct but interrelated concepts interact in the text and in its desired social outcome. By adopting a descriptive (as opposed to a prescriptive) translation theory lens, we focus on the translated text's position and function in the culture of the target language community in the late 1960s rather than on that of its original 1950s German production context. To this end we employ André Lefevre's concept of rewriting, Itamar Even-Zohar's notion of compatibility and Sandra Bermann's application of Butler's definition ofperformativity with reference to Translation Studies. With the aid of these notions, we interpret Bouwer 's translation as contributing to the inauguration of a boom of etiquette books in Afrikaans since the 1960s. Subsequently, we contextualise this translated text against the background of Afrikaner nationalist gender constructions of the 1960s and 1970s, as expressed by Bouwer and certain influential political figures. Three prescribed gendered social roles for Afrikaner women in the 1960s and 1970s are identified. Afrikaner women were expected to be: (a) mothers and wives, (b) the keepers or custodians of Afrikaner morality (c) and by implication, they were expected to act as guardians against perceived enemies of the nation (identified as Communism and the equality of different races). Our analysis illustrates that most of the Afrikaner nationalist norms and values regarding gender and its associated prescribed expected behaviours we identify were also espoused by the speaker in Sybille and therefore the source text, in terms of its propagated value assumptions and truth claims, translates seamlessly and effectively into the mainstream reading context of the target culture. Lastly, we identify throughout the paper a comparable self-contradiction in Bouwer 's own rhetoric (found in paratextual sources, such as speeches) and in that of the speaker in Sybille: both simultaneously endorse and criticise patriarchal constructions of womanhood. We ascribe this paradoxical construction offemininity to the subtle influence of Second Wave Feminism on discourses concerning gender in South Africa.
       
  • The inception, rise and fall of the Sasol Art Museum of the University
           of Stellenbosch

    • Abstract: Die Sasol Kunsmuseum het in 1991 tot stand gekom om die kunsversameling van die Universiteit van Stellenbosch (US) te huisves en akademies te bevorder. Die werke reeds in besit van die US is aangevul met groot skenkings soos dié van Solomon Caesar Malan, J du P Scholtz en Maggie Laubser. Groot oorsigversamelings van oeuvres soos deur Christo Coetzee (150-stuks), Nel Erasmus (112), Johannes Meintjes (91), en Larry Scully (10) is bekom. Skenkings en erflatings is selfs ook van buitelandse versamelaars ontvang, soos van die Duitser. Peter Freund (uiteindelik ongeveer 100 drukgrafiese werke van belangrike Europese en ander kunstenaars van die vroeë twintigste eeu), en van 'n Nederlandse besoeker die nodige fondse vir die aankoop van 'n kopbeeld in brons deur Rodin. Met die aanstelling van 'n nuwe Direkteur in 2013 het drastiese veranderings mettertyd begin plaasvind. Die name en beroepswerksaamhede van die instansies (Sasol Kunsmuseum en US Kunsgalery) as die belangrikste onderafdelings van die US Museum het letterlik verdwyn. Só ook die oorgrote meerderheid van bogenoemde kunswerke wat blykbaar meestal weggepak bly. Die fokus het verskuif van kunswaardering, -bevordering en -navorsing na 'n polities gemotiveerde transformasie, soos ook blyk uit die US Museum se aanstelling van 'n kurator vir sogenaamde Navorsing, Dialoog en Sosiale Geregtigheid. Hierdie instelling behoort sy akademiese roeping ten opsigte van die uitstalling, uitbreiding, bewaring en ontsluiting van sy belangrike en eersterangse estetiese bronnemateriaal vir die hedendaagse kunsgeskiedskrywing in Suid-Afrika sonder twyfel te bly navolg.The Sasol Art Museum of the University of Stellenbosch (US) was established in 1991 to house the art collection of the US. At the time the US was already in possession of art pieces from various sources through the years. This included art works donated by students, the Solomon Caesar Malan and Maggie Laubser collections, and the comprehensive collection of Prof. Jdu P Scholtz of South African, European and exotic works of art. During the time of Prof. Muller Ballot as the first Director of the Museum, the collection grew rapidly with outstanding works of art. A number of large collections were donated by prominent artists, e.g. Christo Coetzee (150 items), Nel Erasmus (112), Johannes Meintjes (91) and Larry Scully (10), while bequests of valuable paintings were received from a number of supporters of the museum. Funds were bequeathed by an overseas visitor to buy a sculpture in bronze by the French artist Auguste Rodin. A number of prominent collectors also made donations from their collections, including Peter Freund from Germany who donated about 100 graphic works of important European artists of the early 20th century. With the appointment of a new Director in 2013, drastic changes started to take place. The name of the Sasol Art Museum as the prominent part of the US Museum disappeared and most of the acquired art works were moved to the storage room. The focus shifted from exhibiting artworks, art appreciation and art historical research to political transformation and social justice, as shown by the recent appointment of a Museum Curator: Research, Dialogue and Social Justice. This institution should not forsake its academic calling and should continue to strive to promote the exhibition, expansion, conservation, and study of visual art works as an important and top-ranking source of aesthetic material for research in art history as a present day discipline.
       
  • Só boer die US Museum vooruit

    • Abstract: Die Sasol Kunsmuseum het in 1991 tot stand gekom om die kunsversameling van die Universiteit van Stellenbosch (US) te huisves en akademies te bevorder. Die werke reeds in besit van die US is aangevul met groot skenkings soos dié van Solomon Caesar Malan, J du P Scholtz en Maggie Laubser. Groot oorsigversamelings van oeuvres soos deur Christo Coetzee (150-stuks), Nel Erasmus (112), Johannes Meintjes (91), en Larry Scully (10) is bekom. Skenkings en erflatings is selfs ook van buitelandse versamelaars ontvang, soos van die Duitser. Peter Freund (uiteindelik ongeveer 100 drukgrafiese werke van belangrike Europese en ander kunstenaars van die vroeë twintigste eeu), en van 'n Nederlandse besoeker die nodige fondse vir die aankoop van 'n kopbeeld in brons deur Rodin. Met die aanstelling van 'n nuwe Direkteur in 2013 het drastiese veranderings mettertyd begin plaasvind. Die name en beroepswerksaamhede van die instansies (Sasol Kunsmuseum en US Kunsgalery) as die belangrikste onderafdelings van die US Museum het letterlik verdwyn. Só ook die oorgrote meerderheid van bogenoemde kunswerke wat blykbaar meestal weggepak bly. Die fokus het verskuif van kunswaardering, -bevordering en -navorsing na 'n polities gemotiveerde transformasie, soos ook blyk uit die US Museum se aanstelling van 'n kurator vir sogenaamde Navorsing, Dialoog en Sosiale Geregtigheid. Hierdie instelling behoort sy akademiese roeping ten opsigte van die uitstalling, uitbreiding, bewaring en ontsluiting van sy belangrike en eersterangse estetiese bronnemateriaal vir die hedendaagse kunsgeskiedskrywing in Suid-Afrika sonder twyfel te bly navolg.The Sasol Art Museum of the University of Stellenbosch (US) was established in 1991 to house the art collection of the US. At the time the US was already in possession of art pieces from various sources through the years. This included art works donated by students, the Solomon Caesar Malan and Maggie Laubser collections, and the comprehensive collection of Prof. Jdu P Scholtz of South African, European and exotic works of art. During the time of Prof. Muller Ballot as the first Director of the Museum, the collection grew rapidly with outstanding works of art. A number of large collections were donated by prominent artists, e.g. Christo Coetzee (150 items), Nel Erasmus (112), Johannes Meintjes (91) and Larry Scully (10), while bequests of valuable paintings were received from a number of supporters of the museum. Funds were bequeathed by an overseas visitor to buy a sculpture in bronze by the French artist Auguste Rodin. A number of prominent collectors also made donations from their collections, including Peter Freund from Germany who donated about 100 graphic works of important European artists of the early 20th century. With the appointment of a new Director in 2013, drastic changes started to take place. The name of the Sasol Art Museum as the prominent part of the US Museum disappeared and most of the acquired art works were moved to the storage room. The focus shifted from exhibiting artworks, art appreciation and art historical research to political transformation and social justice, as shown by the recent appointment of a Museum Curator: Research, Dialogue and Social Justice. This institution should not forsake its academic calling and should continue to strive to promote the exhibition, expansion, conservation, and study of visual art works as an important and top-ranking source of aesthetic material for research in art history as a present day discipline.
       
  • Wat is die WAT 'n wonderbare ding

    • Abstract: Die Sasol Kunsmuseum het in 1991 tot stand gekom om die kunsversameling van die Universiteit van Stellenbosch (US) te huisves en akademies te bevorder. Die werke reeds in besit van die US is aangevul met groot skenkings soos dié van Solomon Caesar Malan, J du P Scholtz en Maggie Laubser. Groot oorsigversamelings van oeuvres soos deur Christo Coetzee (150-stuks), Nel Erasmus (112), Johannes Meintjes (91), en Larry Scully (10) is bekom. Skenkings en erflatings is selfs ook van buitelandse versamelaars ontvang, soos van die Duitser. Peter Freund (uiteindelik ongeveer 100 drukgrafiese werke van belangrike Europese en ander kunstenaars van die vroeë twintigste eeu), en van 'n Nederlandse besoeker die nodige fondse vir die aankoop van 'n kopbeeld in brons deur Rodin. Met die aanstelling van 'n nuwe Direkteur in 2013 het drastiese veranderings mettertyd begin plaasvind. Die name en beroepswerksaamhede van die instansies (Sasol Kunsmuseum en US Kunsgalery) as die belangrikste onderafdelings van die US Museum het letterlik verdwyn. Só ook die oorgrote meerderheid van bogenoemde kunswerke wat blykbaar meestal weggepak bly. Die fokus het verskuif van kunswaardering, -bevordering en -navorsing na 'n polities gemotiveerde transformasie, soos ook blyk uit die US Museum se aanstelling van 'n kurator vir sogenaamde Navorsing, Dialoog en Sosiale Geregtigheid. Hierdie instelling behoort sy akademiese roeping ten opsigte van die uitstalling, uitbreiding, bewaring en ontsluiting van sy belangrike en eersterangse estetiese bronnemateriaal vir die hedendaagse kunsgeskiedskrywing in Suid-Afrika sonder twyfel te bly navolg.The Sasol Art Museum of the University of Stellenbosch (US) was established in 1991 to house the art collection of the US. At the time the US was already in possession of art pieces from various sources through the years. This included art works donated by students, the Solomon Caesar Malan and Maggie Laubser collections, and the comprehensive collection of Prof. Jdu P Scholtz of South African, European and exotic works of art. During the time of Prof. Muller Ballot as the first Director of the Museum, the collection grew rapidly with outstanding works of art. A number of large collections were donated by prominent artists, e.g. Christo Coetzee (150 items), Nel Erasmus (112), Johannes Meintjes (91) and Larry Scully (10), while bequests of valuable paintings were received from a number of supporters of the museum. Funds were bequeathed by an overseas visitor to buy a sculpture in bronze by the French artist Auguste Rodin. A number of prominent collectors also made donations from their collections, including Peter Freund from Germany who donated about 100 graphic works of important European artists of the early 20th century. With the appointment of a new Director in 2013, drastic changes started to take place. The name of the Sasol Art Museum as the prominent part of the US Museum disappeared and most of the acquired art works were moved to the storage room. The focus shifted from exhibiting artworks, art appreciation and art historical research to political transformation and social justice, as shown by the recent appointment of a Museum Curator: Research, Dialogue and Social Justice. This institution should not forsake its academic calling and should continue to strive to promote the exhibition, expansion, conservation, and study of visual art works as an important and top-ranking source of aesthetic material for research in art history as a present day discipline.
       
  • De dichter en de doodskop

    • Abstract: Die Sasol Kunsmuseum het in 1991 tot stand gekom om die kunsversameling van die Universiteit van Stellenbosch (US) te huisves en akademies te bevorder. Die werke reeds in besit van die US is aangevul met groot skenkings soos dié van Solomon Caesar Malan, J du P Scholtz en Maggie Laubser. Groot oorsigversamelings van oeuvres soos deur Christo Coetzee (150-stuks), Nel Erasmus (112), Johannes Meintjes (91), en Larry Scully (10) is bekom. Skenkings en erflatings is selfs ook van buitelandse versamelaars ontvang, soos van die Duitser. Peter Freund (uiteindelik ongeveer 100 drukgrafiese werke van belangrike Europese en ander kunstenaars van die vroeë twintigste eeu), en van 'n Nederlandse besoeker die nodige fondse vir die aankoop van 'n kopbeeld in brons deur Rodin. Met die aanstelling van 'n nuwe Direkteur in 2013 het drastiese veranderings mettertyd begin plaasvind. Die name en beroepswerksaamhede van die instansies (Sasol Kunsmuseum en US Kunsgalery) as die belangrikste onderafdelings van die US Museum het letterlik verdwyn. Só ook die oorgrote meerderheid van bogenoemde kunswerke wat blykbaar meestal weggepak bly. Die fokus het verskuif van kunswaardering, -bevordering en -navorsing na 'n polities gemotiveerde transformasie, soos ook blyk uit die US Museum se aanstelling van 'n kurator vir sogenaamde Navorsing, Dialoog en Sosiale Geregtigheid. Hierdie instelling behoort sy akademiese roeping ten opsigte van die uitstalling, uitbreiding, bewaring en ontsluiting van sy belangrike en eersterangse estetiese bronnemateriaal vir die hedendaagse kunsgeskiedskrywing in Suid-Afrika sonder twyfel te bly navolg.The Sasol Art Museum of the University of Stellenbosch (US) was established in 1991 to house the art collection of the US. At the time the US was already in possession of art pieces from various sources through the years. This included art works donated by students, the Solomon Caesar Malan and Maggie Laubser collections, and the comprehensive collection of Prof. Jdu P Scholtz of South African, European and exotic works of art. During the time of Prof. Muller Ballot as the first Director of the Museum, the collection grew rapidly with outstanding works of art. A number of large collections were donated by prominent artists, e.g. Christo Coetzee (150 items), Nel Erasmus (112), Johannes Meintjes (91) and Larry Scully (10), while bequests of valuable paintings were received from a number of supporters of the museum. Funds were bequeathed by an overseas visitor to buy a sculpture in bronze by the French artist Auguste Rodin. A number of prominent collectors also made donations from their collections, including Peter Freund from Germany who donated about 100 graphic works of important European artists of the early 20th century. With the appointment of a new Director in 2013, drastic changes started to take place. The name of the Sasol Art Museum as the prominent part of the US Museum disappeared and most of the acquired art works were moved to the storage room. The focus shifted from exhibiting artworks, art appreciation and art historical research to political transformation and social justice, as shown by the recent appointment of a Museum Curator: Research, Dialogue and Social Justice. This institution should not forsake its academic calling and should continue to strive to promote the exhibition, expansion, conservation, and study of visual art works as an important and top-ranking source of aesthetic material for research in art history as a present day discipline.
       
  • Gedigte

    • Abstract: Die Sasol Kunsmuseum het in 1991 tot stand gekom om die kunsversameling van die Universiteit van Stellenbosch (US) te huisves en akademies te bevorder. Die werke reeds in besit van die US is aangevul met groot skenkings soos dié van Solomon Caesar Malan, J du P Scholtz en Maggie Laubser. Groot oorsigversamelings van oeuvres soos deur Christo Coetzee (150-stuks), Nel Erasmus (112), Johannes Meintjes (91), en Larry Scully (10) is bekom. Skenkings en erflatings is selfs ook van buitelandse versamelaars ontvang, soos van die Duitser. Peter Freund (uiteindelik ongeveer 100 drukgrafiese werke van belangrike Europese en ander kunstenaars van die vroeë twintigste eeu), en van 'n Nederlandse besoeker die nodige fondse vir die aankoop van 'n kopbeeld in brons deur Rodin. Met die aanstelling van 'n nuwe Direkteur in 2013 het drastiese veranderings mettertyd begin plaasvind. Die name en beroepswerksaamhede van die instansies (Sasol Kunsmuseum en US Kunsgalery) as die belangrikste onderafdelings van die US Museum het letterlik verdwyn. Só ook die oorgrote meerderheid van bogenoemde kunswerke wat blykbaar meestal weggepak bly. Die fokus het verskuif van kunswaardering, -bevordering en -navorsing na 'n polities gemotiveerde transformasie, soos ook blyk uit die US Museum se aanstelling van 'n kurator vir sogenaamde Navorsing, Dialoog en Sosiale Geregtigheid. Hierdie instelling behoort sy akademiese roeping ten opsigte van die uitstalling, uitbreiding, bewaring en ontsluiting van sy belangrike en eersterangse estetiese bronnemateriaal vir die hedendaagse kunsgeskiedskrywing in Suid-Afrika sonder twyfel te bly navolg.The Sasol Art Museum of the University of Stellenbosch (US) was established in 1991 to house the art collection of the US. At the time the US was already in possession of art pieces from various sources through the years. This included art works donated by students, the Solomon Caesar Malan and Maggie Laubser collections, and the comprehensive collection of Prof. Jdu P Scholtz of South African, European and exotic works of art. During the time of Prof. Muller Ballot as the first Director of the Museum, the collection grew rapidly with outstanding works of art. A number of large collections were donated by prominent artists, e.g. Christo Coetzee (150 items), Nel Erasmus (112), Johannes Meintjes (91) and Larry Scully (10), while bequests of valuable paintings were received from a number of supporters of the museum. Funds were bequeathed by an overseas visitor to buy a sculpture in bronze by the French artist Auguste Rodin. A number of prominent collectors also made donations from their collections, including Peter Freund from Germany who donated about 100 graphic works of important European artists of the early 20th century. With the appointment of a new Director in 2013, drastic changes started to take place. The name of the Sasol Art Museum as the prominent part of the US Museum disappeared and most of the acquired art works were moved to the storage room. The focus shifted from exhibiting artworks, art appreciation and art historical research to political transformation and social justice, as shown by the recent appointment of a Museum Curator: Research, Dialogue and Social Justice. This institution should not forsake its academic calling and should continue to strive to promote the exhibition, expansion, conservation, and study of visual art works as an important and top-ranking source of aesthetic material for research in art history as a present day discipline.
       
  • There is no Supreme Constitution - a Critique of Statist-individualist
           Constitutionalism (2019)

    • Abstract: Die Sasol Kunsmuseum het in 1991 tot stand gekom om die kunsversameling van die Universiteit van Stellenbosch (US) te huisves en akademies te bevorder. Die werke reeds in besit van die US is aangevul met groot skenkings soos dié van Solomon Caesar Malan, J du P Scholtz en Maggie Laubser. Groot oorsigversamelings van oeuvres soos deur Christo Coetzee (150-stuks), Nel Erasmus (112), Johannes Meintjes (91), en Larry Scully (10) is bekom. Skenkings en erflatings is selfs ook van buitelandse versamelaars ontvang, soos van die Duitser. Peter Freund (uiteindelik ongeveer 100 drukgrafiese werke van belangrike Europese en ander kunstenaars van die vroeë twintigste eeu), en van 'n Nederlandse besoeker die nodige fondse vir die aankoop van 'n kopbeeld in brons deur Rodin. Met die aanstelling van 'n nuwe Direkteur in 2013 het drastiese veranderings mettertyd begin plaasvind. Die name en beroepswerksaamhede van die instansies (Sasol Kunsmuseum en US Kunsgalery) as die belangrikste onderafdelings van die US Museum het letterlik verdwyn. Só ook die oorgrote meerderheid van bogenoemde kunswerke wat blykbaar meestal weggepak bly. Die fokus het verskuif van kunswaardering, -bevordering en -navorsing na 'n polities gemotiveerde transformasie, soos ook blyk uit die US Museum se aanstelling van 'n kurator vir sogenaamde Navorsing, Dialoog en Sosiale Geregtigheid. Hierdie instelling behoort sy akademiese roeping ten opsigte van die uitstalling, uitbreiding, bewaring en ontsluiting van sy belangrike en eersterangse estetiese bronnemateriaal vir die hedendaagse kunsgeskiedskrywing in Suid-Afrika sonder twyfel te bly navolg.The Sasol Art Museum of the University of Stellenbosch (US) was established in 1991 to house the art collection of the US. At the time the US was already in possession of art pieces from various sources through the years. This included art works donated by students, the Solomon Caesar Malan and Maggie Laubser collections, and the comprehensive collection of Prof. Jdu P Scholtz of South African, European and exotic works of art. During the time of Prof. Muller Ballot as the first Director of the Museum, the collection grew rapidly with outstanding works of art. A number of large collections were donated by prominent artists, e.g. Christo Coetzee (150 items), Nel Erasmus (112), Johannes Meintjes (91) and Larry Scully (10), while bequests of valuable paintings were received from a number of supporters of the museum. Funds were bequeathed by an overseas visitor to buy a sculpture in bronze by the French artist Auguste Rodin. A number of prominent collectors also made donations from their collections, including Peter Freund from Germany who donated about 100 graphic works of important European artists of the early 20th century. With the appointment of a new Director in 2013, drastic changes started to take place. The name of the Sasol Art Museum as the prominent part of the US Museum disappeared and most of the acquired art works were moved to the storage room. The focus shifted from exhibiting artworks, art appreciation and art historical research to political transformation and social justice, as shown by the recent appointment of a Museum Curator: Research, Dialogue and Social Justice. This institution should not forsake its academic calling and should continue to strive to promote the exhibition, expansion, conservation, and study of visual art works as an important and top-ranking source of aesthetic material for research in art history as a present day discipline.
       
  • Vuur in sy vingers - die verreikende invloed van NP van Wyk Louw
           
    (2020)

    • Abstract: Die Sasol Kunsmuseum het in 1991 tot stand gekom om die kunsversameling van die Universiteit van Stellenbosch (US) te huisves en akademies te bevorder. Die werke reeds in besit van die US is aangevul met groot skenkings soos dié van Solomon Caesar Malan, J du P Scholtz en Maggie Laubser. Groot oorsigversamelings van oeuvres soos deur Christo Coetzee (150-stuks), Nel Erasmus (112), Johannes Meintjes (91), en Larry Scully (10) is bekom. Skenkings en erflatings is selfs ook van buitelandse versamelaars ontvang, soos van die Duitser. Peter Freund (uiteindelik ongeveer 100 drukgrafiese werke van belangrike Europese en ander kunstenaars van die vroeë twintigste eeu), en van 'n Nederlandse besoeker die nodige fondse vir die aankoop van 'n kopbeeld in brons deur Rodin. Met die aanstelling van 'n nuwe Direkteur in 2013 het drastiese veranderings mettertyd begin plaasvind. Die name en beroepswerksaamhede van die instansies (Sasol Kunsmuseum en US Kunsgalery) as die belangrikste onderafdelings van die US Museum het letterlik verdwyn. Só ook die oorgrote meerderheid van bogenoemde kunswerke wat blykbaar meestal weggepak bly. Die fokus het verskuif van kunswaardering, -bevordering en -navorsing na 'n polities gemotiveerde transformasie, soos ook blyk uit die US Museum se aanstelling van 'n kurator vir sogenaamde Navorsing, Dialoog en Sosiale Geregtigheid. Hierdie instelling behoort sy akademiese roeping ten opsigte van die uitstalling, uitbreiding, bewaring en ontsluiting van sy belangrike en eersterangse estetiese bronnemateriaal vir die hedendaagse kunsgeskiedskrywing in Suid-Afrika sonder twyfel te bly navolg.The Sasol Art Museum of the University of Stellenbosch (US) was established in 1991 to house the art collection of the US. At the time the US was already in possession of art pieces from various sources through the years. This included art works donated by students, the Solomon Caesar Malan and Maggie Laubser collections, and the comprehensive collection of Prof. Jdu P Scholtz of South African, European and exotic works of art. During the time of Prof. Muller Ballot as the first Director of the Museum, the collection grew rapidly with outstanding works of art. A number of large collections were donated by prominent artists, e.g. Christo Coetzee (150 items), Nel Erasmus (112), Johannes Meintjes (91) and Larry Scully (10), while bequests of valuable paintings were received from a number of supporters of the museum. Funds were bequeathed by an overseas visitor to buy a sculpture in bronze by the French artist Auguste Rodin. A number of prominent collectors also made donations from their collections, including Peter Freund from Germany who donated about 100 graphic works of important European artists of the early 20th century. With the appointment of a new Director in 2013, drastic changes started to take place. The name of the Sasol Art Museum as the prominent part of the US Museum disappeared and most of the acquired art works were moved to the storage room. The focus shifted from exhibiting artworks, art appreciation and art historical research to political transformation and social justice, as shown by the recent appointment of a Museum Curator: Research, Dialogue and Social Justice. This institution should not forsake its academic calling and should continue to strive to promote the exhibition, expansion, conservation, and study of visual art works as an important and top-ranking source of aesthetic material for research in art history as a present day discipline.
       
  • 'n Huldiging: NP van Wyk Louw - silwer herberg in die sneeu
           
    (2020)

    • Abstract: Die Sasol Kunsmuseum het in 1991 tot stand gekom om die kunsversameling van die Universiteit van Stellenbosch (US) te huisves en akademies te bevorder. Die werke reeds in besit van die US is aangevul met groot skenkings soos dié van Solomon Caesar Malan, J du P Scholtz en Maggie Laubser. Groot oorsigversamelings van oeuvres soos deur Christo Coetzee (150-stuks), Nel Erasmus (112), Johannes Meintjes (91), en Larry Scully (10) is bekom. Skenkings en erflatings is selfs ook van buitelandse versamelaars ontvang, soos van die Duitser. Peter Freund (uiteindelik ongeveer 100 drukgrafiese werke van belangrike Europese en ander kunstenaars van die vroeë twintigste eeu), en van 'n Nederlandse besoeker die nodige fondse vir die aankoop van 'n kopbeeld in brons deur Rodin. Met die aanstelling van 'n nuwe Direkteur in 2013 het drastiese veranderings mettertyd begin plaasvind. Die name en beroepswerksaamhede van die instansies (Sasol Kunsmuseum en US Kunsgalery) as die belangrikste onderafdelings van die US Museum het letterlik verdwyn. Só ook die oorgrote meerderheid van bogenoemde kunswerke wat blykbaar meestal weggepak bly. Die fokus het verskuif van kunswaardering, -bevordering en -navorsing na 'n polities gemotiveerde transformasie, soos ook blyk uit die US Museum se aanstelling van 'n kurator vir sogenaamde Navorsing, Dialoog en Sosiale Geregtigheid. Hierdie instelling behoort sy akademiese roeping ten opsigte van die uitstalling, uitbreiding, bewaring en ontsluiting van sy belangrike en eersterangse estetiese bronnemateriaal vir die hedendaagse kunsgeskiedskrywing in Suid-Afrika sonder twyfel te bly navolg.The Sasol Art Museum of the University of Stellenbosch (US) was established in 1991 to house the art collection of the US. At the time the US was already in possession of art pieces from various sources through the years. This included art works donated by students, the Solomon Caesar Malan and Maggie Laubser collections, and the comprehensive collection of Prof. Jdu P Scholtz of South African, European and exotic works of art. During the time of Prof. Muller Ballot as the first Director of the Museum, the collection grew rapidly with outstanding works of art. A number of large collections were donated by prominent artists, e.g. Christo Coetzee (150 items), Nel Erasmus (112), Johannes Meintjes (91) and Larry Scully (10), while bequests of valuable paintings were received from a number of supporters of the museum. Funds were bequeathed by an overseas visitor to buy a sculpture in bronze by the French artist Auguste Rodin. A number of prominent collectors also made donations from their collections, including Peter Freund from Germany who donated about 100 graphic works of important European artists of the early 20th century. With the appointment of a new Director in 2013, drastic changes started to take place. The name of the Sasol Art Museum as the prominent part of the US Museum disappeared and most of the acquired art works were moved to the storage room. The focus shifted from exhibiting artworks, art appreciation and art historical research to political transformation and social justice, as shown by the recent appointment of a Museum Curator: Research, Dialogue and Social Justice. This institution should not forsake its academic calling and should continue to strive to promote the exhibition, expansion, conservation, and study of visual art works as an important and top-ranking source of aesthetic material for research in art history as a present day discipline.
       
 
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