A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z  

        1 2        [Sort by number of followers]   [Restore default list]

  Subjects -> ARCHAEOLOGY (Total: 300 journals)
Showing 1 - 57 of 57 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta ad archaeologiam et artium historiam pertinentia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Antiqua     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Archaeologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
Acta Archaeologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.139, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Terrae Septemcastrensis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Universitatis Lodziensis : Folia Archaeologica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ADLFI. Archéologie de la France - Informations     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Archaeomaterials     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Afrique : Archéologie & Arts     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Akroterion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
American Antiquity     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
American Journal of Archaeology     Partially Free   (Followers: 59)
Anadolu Araştırmaları / Anatolian Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anales de Arquelogía Cordobesa     Open Access  
Anales de Arqueología y Etnología     Open Access  
Anatolia Antiqua : Revue internationale d’archéologie anatolienne     Full-text available via subscription  
Anatolica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Ancient Asia     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ancient History : Resources for Teachers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Ancient Near Eastern Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Ancient Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Ancient West & East     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Annuaire du Collège de France     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annual of the British School at Athens     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Anthropology & Archeology of Eurasia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Antipoda : Revista de Antropología y Arqueología     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Antiqua     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Antiquaries Journal, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Antiquite Tardive     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Antiquités Africaines     Open Access  
Antiquity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
AntropoWebzin     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
AP : Online Journal in Public Archaeology     Open Access  
Arabian Archaeology and Epigraphy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Archaeofauna     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archaeologia Adriatica     Open Access  
Archaeologia Baltica     Open Access  
Archaeologia Lituana     Open Access  
Archaeologiai Értesitö     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.112, CiteScore: 0)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Archaeological Dialogues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Archaeological Discovery     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archaeological Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Archaeological Prospection     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Archaeological Reports     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Archaeological Research in Asia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Archaeology in Oceania     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Archaeology, Ethnology and Anthropology of Eurasia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Archaeometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Archaeonautica     Open Access  
Archäologie im Rheinland     Open Access  
Archäologische Informationen     Open Access  
ArcheoArte. Rivista Elettronica di Archeologia e Arte     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Archeological Papers of The American Anthropological Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Archéologie médiévale     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archeomatica     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ArcheoSciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Archipel     Open Access  
Archivo Español de Arqueología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arkæologi i Slesvig-Archäologie in Schleswig     Open Access  
Arqueología     Open Access  
Arqueología de la Arquitectura     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arqueología y Territorio Medieval     Open Access  
Artefact : Techniques, histoire et sciences humaines     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artefact : the journal of the Archaeological and Anthropological Society of Victoria     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Asian Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asian Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Athar Alrafedain     Open Access  
Ausgrabungen und Funde in Westfalen-Lippe     Open Access  
Australasian Historical Archaeology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Australian Cane Grower     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Azania: Archaeological Research in Africa     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
BABesch - Bulletin Antieke Beschaving     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bajo Guadalquivir y Mundos Atlánticos     Open Access  
Balcanica Posnaniensia Acta et studia     Open Access  
Berkala Arkeologi     Open Access  
Boletín de Arqueología     Open Access  
Boletín de Arqueología Experimental     Open Access  
Boletín del Museo Chileno de Arte Precolombino     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Brill Research Perspectives in Ancient History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Britannia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Bryn Mawr Classical Review     Open Access   (Followers: 45)
BSAA Arqueología     Open Access  
Built Environment Inquiry Journal     Open Access  
Bulletin de l'Institut français d'archéologie orientale     Open Access  
Bulletin du centre d’études médiévales d’Auxerre     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Bulletin of the History of Archaeology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Cadernos do LEPAARQ     Open Access  
California Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cambridge Archaeological Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 88)
Canadian Zooarchaeology / Zooarchéologie canadienne     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cartagine. Studi e Ricerche     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Catalan Historical Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chronique des activités archéologiques de l'École française de Rome     Open Access  
Comechingonia : Revista de Arqueología     Open Access  
Complutum     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Conimbriga     Open Access  
Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Continuity and Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Cuadernos de Arqueología de la Universidad de Navarra     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Prehistoria y Arqueología     Open Access  
Cultural Heritage and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Damrong Journal of The Faculty of Archaeology Silpakorn University     Open Access  
Danish Journal of Archaeology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Die Welt des Orients     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Digital Applications in Archaeology and Cultural Heritage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Dissertationes Archaeologicae     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Documenta Praehistorica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Dotawo : A Journal of Nubian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
E&G Quaternary Science Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Eastern Christian Art     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Economic Anthropology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Environmental Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Estudios Atacameños     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Estudios de Cultura Maya     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ethnoarchaeology : Journal of Archaeological, Ethnographic, and Experimental Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Ethnos: Journal of Anthropology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 85)
European Journal of Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
European Journal of Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Exchange     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Florentia Iliberritana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frankokratia     Full-text available via subscription  
Gaia : Revue interdisciplinaire sur la Grèce archaique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gallia : Archéologie des Gaules     Open Access  
Gallia Préhistoire     Open Access  
Geoarchaeology: an International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Geochronometria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 46)
Herança : Revista de História, Património e Cultura     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heritage Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Heritage, Memory and Conflict Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Hispania Epigraphica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Historical Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Hortus Artium Medievalium     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
In Situ Archaeologica     Open Access  
Index of Texas Archaeology : Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State     Open Access  
Industrial Archaeology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Journal for the History of Engineering and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Cultural Property     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Heritage in the Digital Era     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Historical Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
International Journal of Nautical Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
International Journal of Paleopathology     Partially Free   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Speleology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Internet Archaeology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Iranica Antiqua     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Iraq     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
ISIMU. Revista sobre Oriente Próximo y Egipto en la Antigüedad     Open Access  
Journal of African Archaeology     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of African Diaspora Archaeology and Heritage     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of African History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Ancient Egyptian Interconnections     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Ancient History and Archaeology     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Anthropological Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66)
Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Journal of Archaeological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Journal of Archaeological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69)
Journal of Archaeological Science : Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Biourbanism     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Cognitive Historiography     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Community Archaeology & Heritage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Computer Applications in Archaeology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Conflict Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Contemporary Archaeology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Eastern Mediterranean Archaeology & Heritage Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Egyptian History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Field Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Journal of Glacial Archaeology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Inner Asian Art and Archaeology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Islamic Archaeology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Lithic Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Maritime Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Journal of Near Eastern Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Journal of Neolithic Archaeology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Open Archaeology Data     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Pacific Archaeology     Free   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Paleolithic Archaeology     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Quaternary Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Journal of Roman Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Skyscape Archaeology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Social Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Journal of the British Archaeological Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Wetland Archaeology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Journal of World Prehistory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Karthago     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Kentron     Open Access  
Kuml     Open Access  
La zaranda de ideas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Landscapes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
LANX: Rivista della Scuola di Specializzazione in Archeologia     Open Access  
Layers. Archeologia Territorio Contesti     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Les Cahiers de l’École du Louvre     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Les Nouvelles de l'archéologie     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Levant     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Liber Annuus     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)

        1 2        [Sort by number of followers]   [Restore default list]

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory
Journal Prestige (SJR): 2.014
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 51  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1573-7764 - ISSN (Online) 1072-5369
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2469 journals]
  • The Importance of Energetics in Archaeological Least Cost Analysis

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract Least cost analysis (LCA) has emerged as a favored geospatial method used by archaeologists to model potential pathways of movement. To produce increasingly effective least cost models, we must more thoroughly consider the role that energetics have played throughout human history and understand how physiological conditions tied to energetics, such as fatigue, influence peoples’ decisions when moving. We illustrate this need by modeling a physically demanding case study from the American Southwest and demonstrate that the interpretive consequences of using time- versus energy-based cost function can have meaningful impacts on archaeological reconstructions of the past. Therefore, to better inform the selection of least cost functions in LCA, regardless of the material record in a specific study context, we present a theoretically informed strategy for classifying whether time or energy was a more pertinent cost to past movers by focusing on the role of fatigue and its influence on energetically efficient decision making.
      PubDate: 2022-05-21
       
  • The Soundscapes of the Lower Chuya River Area, Russian Altai: Ethnographic
           

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract The acoustics of the Lower  Chuya River area rock art landscape are analyzed through both the exploration of its acoustic properties and the ethnographic information gathered about the region. The results obtained in the acoustics tests undertaken in the area, in particular at the rock art sites of Kalbak-Tash I, Kalbak-Tash II, and Adyr-Kan, are examined. They indicate that the perceived loudness resulting from a natural amplification of sound (strength parameter) and music and speech clarity may have been some of the reasons behind the selection of these locations for rock art production. The ethnographic sources related to the Altai and other Siberian areas are then reviewed as a way of providing an ontological framework for the study of Altaian sonic concepts and behaviors in nature. As the sources indicate, at least for the historical period and presumably earlier, in the prehistoric period, all existing beings are entangled by sound, and they mimic each other in endless ways. We argue that these sites were selected in a non-linear relational ontological framework. It is suggested that the multidisciplinary perspective combining archaeology, physical acoustics, and ethnography has considerable potential for providing a new, richer understanding of rock art landscapes.
      PubDate: 2022-05-19
       
  • Tales of Multifunctionality: a Systematic Quantitative Literature Review
           of Boomerangs Used as Retouchers in Australian Aboriginal Cultures

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract Boomerangs are among the most recognisable elements of Australian Aboriginal technology. In the popular mindset, the prevailing image of these wooden artefacts is that of thrown implements that return to the thrower, principally used for hunting animals. However, boomerangs have a deep multipurpose role in Indigenous societies, with just a few examples of their known functions, including fighting, digging, and making music (i.e., “clap sticks”). Recently, yet another function for boomerangs has been proposed (Martellotta et al., 2021): the functional modification of lithic tools (i.e., retouching)—a form of use that is almost unknown among non-Aboriginal researchers. Here, we provide the first comprehensive review of evidence for the use of boomerangs as lithic retouching tools (percussors). A detailed lexical analysis demonstrates similarities between Palaeolithic bone retouchers used for the same purposes as the Australian hardwood boomerangs, thus confirming our traceological hypothesis and the power of using a multidisciplinary approach in investigating Australia’s deep past. This paper provides the foundation for discussions surrounding the multipurpose concept behind many Aboriginal tools by focusing on the most iconic item. We propose that, in future studies, the complex technological and functional features of boomerangs should take precedence over their famous “returning effect”.
      PubDate: 2022-04-27
       
  • Minimum Animal Units and the Standardized Count Problem

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract Minimum animal units (MAU) are central to the study of skeletal part profiles in zooarchaeology. This measure standardizes skeletal part counts by their anatomical frequencies in a complete animal, transforming those counts into a series of values—one for each type of skeletal part. Zooarchaeologists often treat MAU as ordinal scale and use rank order statistics to compare MAU values against measures of dietary utility and bone density. Using simulation, I show that these standardized values erase critical sample size information and lead to biased ordinal correlations, preventing reliable inferences about the fossil populations from which the samples were drawn. Given the sample sizes typical of zooarchaeological work, the standardized count problem probably misguides many interpretations of taphonomy and human subsistence. The problem can be circumvented by using Poisson regression, a simple statistical method that provides conservative inferences for relationships between skeletal part profiles and measures of bone density and dietary utility, especially when implemented in a Bayesian framework. The regression approach treats skeletal part data as counts rather than ranks, while also retaining sample size information. I demonstrate the method with two archaeofaunal examples. Poisson regression allows for reliable inferences about fossil assemblages, although extending those inferences back to past animal communities or death assemblages presents additional challenges. Insights into these communities and assemblages require that zooarchaeologists carefully consider the relationship between statistical model specification and causation.
      PubDate: 2022-04-26
       
  • Revealing Evolutionary Patterns Behind Homogeneity: the Case of the
           Palaeolithic Assemblages from Notarchirico (Southern Italy)

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract Notarchirico is at a nodal point in time and space for understanding the settlement of Europe in terms of migration or in situ evolution. Former technological analyses have not shown significant differences between the different lithic assemblages at Notarchirico. Our approach here is to produce a phylogenetic analysis of the lithic assemblages taken as the terminal of the analysis and interpreted as cultural units. In the cladistic framework, characters are hypotheses of relationships between lithic assemblages, and homologies are hypotheses of relationships between lithic objects: cores, flakes, nodules. To effectively grasp informative lithic innovations in the assemblages, we formalise cladistic hypotheses as hierarchical characters in the framework of three-item analysis and propose a new algorithm to remove the high number of repeated terminals among trees inherent to a cladistic analysis of assemblages. Beyond the classic distinction of the presence or absence of bifaces, our analysis of the five Notarchirico layers, dated between 670 and 700 ka, highlights a well-supported cladogram grounded on complex hierarchical characters on lithic artefacts. This cladogram shows a paralogy event between the flake-free layer H, representing short-term occupancy, and the other layers representing long-term settlements. The resulting cladogram shows that relationships between lithic assemblages at Notarchirico do not follow the stratigraphy. Moreover, the Notarchirico lithic assemblages cannot be explained in an entirely local way, but seem to be part of a more complex European history.
      PubDate: 2022-04-25
       
  • Catching a Glimpse of Mesolithic Settlement Patterns and Site
           Re-occupation Through Lithic Refitting, Raw Material Characterizations and
           Absolute Dating

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract Contemporaneity of spatially distinct activity areas at prehistoric sites is often inferred based on lithic refit connections alone. These connections are, in addition, only rarely discussed in detail, nor are they explicitly subjected to any form of critical assessment. In this paper, we present a combined use of Bayesian modeling of 14C-dates, raw material characterizations and lithic refitting to investigate the occurrence of interconnected artefact clusters at the Belgian Mesolithic site of Kerkhove. Besides this, a set of parameters is presented that is employed to control the reliability of the refit connections. The three proxies applied in this paper suggest that the Early Mesolithic occupation of the site was organized as two diachronic and more or less parallel alignments of artefact clusters. Based on the lithic refitting results, two scenarios can be considered to explain the formation histories of these linear arrangements. The individual artefact clusters incorporated within them were either occupied in a strictly contemporaneous manner or in a (partly) sequential manner.
      PubDate: 2022-04-25
       
  • Statistical Inference of Prehistoric Demography from Frequency
           Distributions of Radiocarbon Dates: A Review and a Guide for the Perplexed
           

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract The last decade saw a rapid increase in the number of studies where time–frequency changes of radiocarbon dates have been used as a proxy for inferring past population dynamics. Although its universal and straightforward premise is appealing and undoubtedly offers some unique opportunities for research on long-term comparative demography, practical applications are far from trivial and riddled with issues pertaining to the very nature of the proxy under examination. Here I review the most common criticisms concerning the nature of radiocarbon time–frequency data as a demographic proxy, focusing on key statistical and inferential challenges. I then examine and compare recent methodological advances in the field by grouping them into three approaches: reconstructive, null-hypothesis significance testing, and model fitting. I will then conclude with some general recommendations for applying these techniques in archaeological and paleo-demographic research.
      PubDate: 2022-04-21
       
  • Archaeology and Kastom: Island Historicities and Transforming Religious
           Traditions in Southern Vanuatu

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract Recent expansion of alternative frameworks for archaeological interpretation, particularly non-Western ones, provides an opportunity to revisit and challenge orthodox narratives in the discipline. The Melanesian concept of kastom provides a framework to understand contradictions arising from the selective nature of colonial-era culture change. One facet of these transitions is the widespread adoption and integration of Christian beliefs and practices within Indigenous communities. From the 1600 s onwards, European missionaries sought to “convert” Pacific Islanders to Christianity. Much of what is written about religious change in the past is coloured by a Western missionary lens, with active proselytisers transforming existing beliefs and practices amongst the converted. This story is not sufficient, as changes to religion include elements of syncretism and creative adaptation of new beliefs while maintaining the old ways. In kastom, non-linear temporalities and histories experienced in place undermine orthodox accounts of change through time. Kastom provides a stable reference point for malleable histories, while also offering possibilities to craft different kinds of archaeological narratives.
      PubDate: 2022-03-30
       
  • A Human Behavioral Ecology of the Colonization of Unfamiliar Landscapes

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract Human behavioral ecology has proven a valuable theoretical framework for evaluating the archaeological record of human population expansion the world over. To evaluate hypotheses for the late Pleistocene human colonization of the Americas, we need to address a typical assumption built into those models: static landscape knowledge. By taking landscape knowledge as the predicting variable, rather than a constant, we can explore the behavioral mechanisms involved in the interaction of humans with new and unfamiliar environments. Acknowledging the process of adaptation produces contrasting and readily testable hypotheses for human population expansion. As a case study, we use an ideal free distribution model to test competing hypotheses for the colonization of Southeast Alaska. Our results indicate that Southeast Alaska was likely colonized by humans prior to their appearance in the extant archaeological record in the early Holocene. The locations of our oldest archaeological sites in the early Holocene are best explained as the result of a well-established population matching their settlement locations to rising sea level.
      PubDate: 2022-03-19
       
  • Relationships Between Lipid Profiles and Use of Ethnographic Pottery: an
           Exploratory Study

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract Investigating the organic content of archaeological pottery has largely focused on identifying food commodities, but their use and mode of processing still need to be thoroughly investigated. The present study aims to explore the diversity of organic residue absorption patterns, over a wider range of functions than previously studied by experimentation, by analysing ceramics still in use today. A field survey in Bedik Country, Senegal, where the use of pottery is still alive, was conducted to document the uses of ceramics and to interview potters and users of the vessels. As a preliminary study, nine ceramics whose use was recorded were investigated through 59 samples for their absorbed molecular profiles, lipid concentrations, and the preservation of triglycerides and C18 unsaturated fatty acids. The interpretations were first carried out as a blind test and then compared with the actual use. Lipid concentrations and molecular profiles indicated a diversity of contents, and the comparison of samples taken along the vertical transects of the vessels resulted in pottery function hypotheses that were broadly aligned with the actual uses. Cooking pots for fat-rich products were successfully identified, but the various documented patterns showed that lipid accumulation in ceramics is more complex than expected. Although caution is required to adopt this approach for archaeological pots, the vessel for fermenting plant products has been identified. Last, this work pointed out that ceramics can be used for a wider range of purposes than those usually considered for archaeological pottery, such as steaming or cooking non-food products.
      PubDate: 2022-03-16
       
  • Materialising the Social Relationships of Hunter-Gatherers: Archaeological
           and Geochemical Analyses of 4th Millennium BC ‘Slate Ring Ornaments’
           from Finland

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract During the 4th millennium BC, an intensive artefact circulation system existed among the hunter-gatherer peoples of north-eastern Europe. Along with other goods, ring-shaped ornaments that were mainly made of different kinds of slates or tuffites were commonly distributed. Although commonly referred to as ‘slate rings’, these ornaments consist mainly of fragments of rings. In this paper, we suggest that the ‘slate rings’ were never meant to be intact, complete rings, but were instead fragmented on purpose and used as tokens of social relationships relating to the gift-giving system. By refitting artefact fragments together, analysing their geochemical composition, micro details, and use-wear, we were able to prove that these items were not only intentionally fragmented but also likely worn as personal ornaments. Moreover, ED-XRF analysis of 56 of the artefacts showed a correlation between their geochemical characteristics and stylistic detailing, suggesting different production phases or batches. Comparative data analysis confirmed the provenance hypothesis that the majority of the analysed objects, or at least their raw materials, were exported over hundreds of kilometres from the Lake Onega region.
      PubDate: 2022-03-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s10816-022-09556-8
       
  • Examining Temporality and Difference: an Intensive Approach to
           Understanding Medieval Rural Settlement

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract A new theoretical approach to medieval rural settlement, built on the concept of intensity, is proposed. It is argued that analysing settlements as intensive spaces creates new opportunities to explore the emergence of difference in medieval lived experience. The approach is intended to overcome the challenges posed by approaches to medieval architecture framed by binary divisions (e.g. inside/outside). Drawing on posthuman thought, it is argued that such divisions constrain the understanding of how and why difference emerged in the past. The paper advances this approach through its application to the study of house construction and domestic economy in the medieval village of Hangleton, England. It is proposed that difference emerges as everyday practices are performed in constantly changing material environments, generating situationally grounded but varied experiences of rurality. Rather than being subject to macro-scale economic processes, this approach allows us to understand historical change as a patchwork of localised interactions which overflowed the bounds of communities or regions.
      PubDate: 2022-03-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s10816-022-09555-9
       
  • Tracking Occupational Intensity Using Archaeo-faunal Data: Case Studies
           from the Late Pleistocene in the Southern Cape of South Africa

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract Occupational intensity is a common theme in current research and has been linked to significant demographic trends in the past. The Late Pleistocene in the southern Cape may be especially important in understanding the impacts of socio-demographic change given its association with developments in ‘modern’ human behaviour. The ubiquity of archaeo-faunal remains at Middle Stone Age (MSA) sites makes these convenient datasets for documenting site-specific occupational patterns. In this paper, zooarchaeological and taphonomic data are evaluated as proxies for occupational intensity, and occupational trends are explored in the southern Cape. Zooarchaeological and taphonomic data from three southern Cape MSA sites—Klipdrift Shelter, Blombos Cave and Pinnacle Point—are compared with previously determined higher and lower occupational levels within each site to assess the value of these proxies in tracking temporal changes in settlement intensity. The results show that, while frequencies of small mammals and larger ungulates often covary with occupational levels, these are problematic indicators because of the impact of carnivores. Similarly, faunal diversity generally corresponds well with increasing human occupations but is a problematic proxy because of the effects of animal activity. Anthropogenic bone surface modifications appear to be effective in tracking occupational patterns, with trampling a particularly useful indicator. Faunal and shellfish density, and transverse bone fracture patterns, are valuable proxies of occupational intensity at all sites. Generally, the data suggests close links between occupational intensity at these sites and marine transgressions. Evidence of increased exploitation of small game in the later MSA may imply periods of subsistence intensification possibly linked to increased demographic pressure during Marine Isotope Stage 4.
      PubDate: 2022-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10816-021-09513-x
       
  • Artificial Intelligence, 3D Documentation, and Rock Art—Approaching and
           Reflecting on the Automation of Identification and Classification of Rock
           Art Images

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract Rock art carvings, which are best described as petroglyphs, were produced by removing parts of the rock surface to create a negative relief. This tradition was particularly strong during the Nordic Bronze Age (1700–550 BC) in southern Scandinavia with over 20,000 boats and thousands of humans, animals, wagons, etc. This vivid and highly engaging material provides quantitative data of high potential to understand Bronze Age social structures and ideologies. The ability to provide the technically best possible documentation and to automate identification and classification of images would help to take full advantage of the research potential of petroglyphs in southern Scandinavia and elsewhere. We, therefore, attempted to train a model that locates and classifies image objects using faster region-based convolutional neural network (Faster-RCNN) based on data produced by a novel method to improve visualizing the content of 3D documentations. A newly created layer of 3D rock art documentation provides the best data currently available and has reduced inscribed bias compared to older methods. Several models were trained based on input images annotated with bounding boxes produced with different parameters to find the best solution. The data included 4305 individual images in 408 scans of rock art sites. To enhance the models and enrich the training data, we used data augmentation and transfer learning. The successful models perform exceptionally well on boats and circles, as well as with human figures and wheels. This work was an interdisciplinary undertaking which led to important reflections about archaeology, digital humanities, and artificial intelligence. The reflections and the success represented by the trained models open novel avenues for future research on rock art.
      PubDate: 2022-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10816-021-09518-6
       
  • Survey, Shovel Probes, and Population Estimates: Studying Regional
           Demography in the Intermediate Area Using Subsurface Sherd Deposits

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract Shovel probes are a common form of archaeological data collection in densely vegetated landscapes. They were once the subject of critical analyses that evaluated their utility for archaeological survey, specifically the discovery of archaeological sites. In the decades that have passed since these classic studies were published, the objectives of regional survey have continued to evolve. Many archaeologists now recognize regional survey as a fundamentally demographic endeavor, one whose aim is to understand how many people lived where in a landscape during different periods of time. This recognition has placed greater demands on methods of regional data collection than those envisioned in the classic shovel probe literature. In addition to discovering prehistoric settlements, surveys must also reliably collect the full range of data that is needed for making the population estimates (be they relative or absolute) that lie at the heart of settlement demography. This paper evaluates the utility of shovel probes for studying regional settlement demography using the area and density of ceramic sherd scatters, a commonly used population proxy in numerous parts of the world. This evaluation is empirically grounded in analyses of data from the Intermediate Area (southern Central America and northern South America), the results of which are used to assess, and in some instances modify, regional survey results from the Middle Térraba Basin in southern Costa Rica.
      PubDate: 2022-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10816-021-09509-7
       
  • The Effect of Raw Material on the Identification of Knapping Skill: a Case
           Study from Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract The identification of Oldowan hominin knapping skill levels has been a focus of numerous studies, with apparent variation in technical abilities identified between a number of Early Stone Age archaeological sites. Raw material variability, however, can play a significant role in the outcomes of knapping events as well as in the accuracy of analysis. Implications of such variability are yet to be fully understood. Here we present an experimental study to assess the effects that varying raw materials have on the identification of technological attributes typically associated with varying skill levels and whether it is possible to identify knapper skill levels across multiple raw materials. Variation was tested between raw materials from Olduvai Gorge across and between skill levels. The results suggest that knapping skill levels manifest differently in the material record across raw materials. In addition, we suggest that raw material has a significant effect on identifying knapper skill variation. This has implications for future research concerned with identifying knapper skill within and between early assemblages of differing raw materials.
      PubDate: 2022-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10816-021-09511-z
       
  • Interpreting Past Human Diets Using Stable Isotope Mixing Models—Best
           Practices for Data Acquisition

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract Using stable isotope mixing models (SIMMs) to quantify past diets is becoming increasingly common in archaeology. This study highlights important field-specific difficulties encountered by archaeologists in reconstructing palaeodiets using SIMMs. Focusing on the data acquisition stage, we discuss several issues that could confound dietary quantification if not accounted for. These issues are categorized under several broad categories: diagenesis, intra-individual variability, representativeness of both the consumers and sources, and other commonly encountered field-specific problems. We summarize these issues with a flow chart to help archaeologists to select the most appropriate samples for dietary reconstruction using SIMMs, thereby decreasing the probability that the outputs of the SIMM are inaccurate. We conclude by discussing the ways in which SIMMs may not be appropriate for all archaeological contexts, highlighting those areas that are likely to be the most problematic for end users.
      PubDate: 2022-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10816-021-09514-w
       
  • Skill in Stone Knapping: an Ecological Approach

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract Skill has allowed lithic analyses to expand their scope beyond the limits set by a representational understanding of practices and sociocultural dynamics. It remains excluded from coarse archaeological contexts in favour of higher resolution ones however. Such coarse contexts are ubiquitous and must be included to broaden description, interpretation and theorization into broader and more heterogeneous narrative landscapes. This paper argues that skill is key to including lithic practices from coarser archaeological palimpsests, provided it is reframed as a process immanent to any cultural practice that conjoins with other processes to shape contexts of various scales. Second, skill must be anchored with a set of core concepts—technical difficulty, accidents and execution quality—that each knapping event and every lithic assemblage actualizes, regardless of scale. Third, methodologies must be built using this set of core concepts and adapted to a site’s specifics. Using such a methodology, I describe learning patterns, skilled reduction sequences and spatial patterning in the plowed fields of La Martre (Quebec, Canada), where millennia of continuous occupation and hundreds of thousands of lithic remains have been mixed up in a dense and homogeneous layer. I show that understanding skill as a trans-scalar process can help free lithic analyses from prior, bounded and familiar units of analysis. It can and should be used first to draw broader patterns that connect contextually specific lithic expressions. It affords for scalable analyses that can help expand the scope of the depositional contexts archaeologists routinely work with.
      PubDate: 2022-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10816-021-09521-x
       
  • A Lithic Provisioning Model as a Proxy for Landscape Mobility in the
           Southern and Middle Kalahari

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract Humans occupy a wide range of environments, including those that experience water stress. Our species has a long history of mitigating arid and semi-arid environmental risk through cultural and technological behaviors. Identifying Pleistocene foraging behaviors in water-stressed environments is particularly instructive for understanding the development of behavioral plasticity and the dispersal of modern humans. However, evidence for adaptability can be difficult to ascertain from archaeological deposits in marginal environments where occupation intensity may be light. In this study, landscape decision-making is inferred from expectations derived from the “whole assemblage behavioral indicator” approach to the formation of lithic assemblages. This model is tested against surface artifact density data from the Southern Kalahari to identify landscape provisioning structure in semi-arid environments. Our results indicate place provisioning strategies including logistic foraging, with evidence for increased occupation duration in areas closer to water. This pattern is contrasted with the published record at White Paintings Rockshelter in the Middle Kalahari, where a collector strategy is inferred. Variable means of achieving water security may have been key underlying behaviors for the dispersal of our species into marginal environments, and this study provides baseline evidence for some of the flexible land-use strategies used in the Kalahari Basin.
      PubDate: 2022-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10816-021-09507-9
       
  • A Study of the Centuries-Long Reliance on Local Ceramics in Jerash Through
           Full Quantification and Simulation

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Abstract The Danish-German Jerash Northwest Quarter Project revealed a robust and striking pattern of the extreme dominance (>99%) of locally produced ceramics over six centuries and across different depositional contexts (in total over half a million pottery sherds). The archaeology of Jerash points towards an exceptional degree of self-sufficiency in craft products: why' The project team implemented a full quantification approach during excavation, manually and digitally recording and counting all pottery and other classes of artefacts. This enabled a full analysis of trends in production and use of ceramics throughout the archaeologically documented history of Jerash and revealed the unexpected pattern of the extreme dominance of local pottery. Archaeologists formulated a set of hypotheses to explain this pattern, and we developed an agent-based model of simple customer preference driving product distribution to evaluate several explanatory factors and their potential interactions. Our simulation results reveal that preference for locally produced ceramics at Jerash might be a plausible theory, but only if its intrinsic value was considered rather high in comparison to other goods, or if it was preferred by a majority of the population, and there was a tendency to follow this majority preference (or a combination of these factors). Here, we present a complete research pipeline of a full quantification of ceramics, analysis and modelling applicable at any archaeological site. We argue that transparent methods are necessary at all stages of an archaeological project: not only for data collection, management and analysis but also in theory development and testing. By focusing on a common archaeological material and by leveraging a range of widely available computational tools, we are able to better understand local and intra-regional distribution patterns of craft products in Jerash and in the ancient eastern Mediterranean.
      PubDate: 2022-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10816-021-09510-0
       
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
 


Your IP address: 44.200.74.241
 
Home (Search)
API
About JournalTOCs
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-