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  Subjects -> ARCHAEOLOGY (Total: 300 journals)
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Otium : Archeologia e Cultura del Mondo Antico
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2532-0335
Published by U of Perugia Homepage  [2 journals]
  • The taste of Romanitas. Evidence of innovation in the culinary practice at
           Nora between the first century BC and the second century AD

    • Authors: Bianca Maria Giannattasio, Silvia Pallecchi
      Abstract: Nora is a town with a long story and a complex cultural tradition that, in its first centuries, appears to be strictly linked to the customs and practices of the Punic world. This tradition, also facilitated by the geographic position on the Mediterranean Sea, can be easily found in the culinary practices, as proved by kitchenware and food preparation pottery shapes used between the 4th century BC and the 2nd century BC. As it happened in the construction of imposing buildings of the town, and also in the practices of everyday life, innovations coming from the Roman culture are progressive and particularly slow and the spread of the new tendencies lives together with the persistence of the Punic underlayers. Markers of these changes are visible in the private and public life, where the adoption of codified forms used for the self-representation is evident (for instance in buildings and in the tableware pottery). Other markers, certainly less obvious but as much as important and even more substantial, demonstrate the deep rootedness of some Roman habits, that merge with the local traditions, regardless of the exterior appearance of the self-representation. Amongst these last markers, there is the use of some pottery shapes, that clearly shows a change in the taste of preparing and cooking food.
      PubDate: 2021-12-29
      DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.5718352
  • Imported pottery from Urvinum Hortense: preliminary considerations

    • Authors: Enrico Ciafardini, Gian Luca Grassigli
      Abstract: This paper aims to present a preliminary study of imported pottery from the site of Urvinum Hortense (Collemancio di Perugia, Italy). Waiting for more scientific data, this is the first attempt to date two specific archaeological contexts (the ancient baths and temple area) using foreign ceramic fragments.
      PubDate: 2021-12-29
      DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.5718371
  • Punic black-glazed pottery from Sardinia: an imitation class between Punic
           and Roman periods

    • Authors: Carla Del Vais
      Abstract: Punic black-glazed pottery is widely distributed in Sardinia during the 3rd century BC and in the early 2nd century BC; this production may be regarded as part of a wider phenomenon within the Punic Mediterranean culture which involved other areas of Punic influence as North Africa, West Sicily, the Iberian Peninsula and Ibiza. This pottery is characterized by a body of partially refined clay of variable colour; the glaze, applied by immersion, is not uniform and varies from black to grey, from brown to reddish. The most common forms are derived from Attic black-glazed pottery; in the later stages of production, forms that imitate the Campanian classes appear.
      PubDate: 2021-12-29
      DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.5718399
  • Counting the pieces: a quantitative approach to cultural changes from
           Roman Karales (Sardinia, Italy)

    • Authors: Dario D’Orlando
      Abstract: A single urban excavation can’t allow understand the evolution of an ancient city because of its usual small extension. Alas, a good way to get all the data from a small-scale dig is to analyse and understand archaeological finds from different perspectives. An interesting approach to understand trade and cultural changes can be found in quantitative analysis. Accounting archaeological finds can be made in many ways but a common method is to calculate the percentage of MNI of pottery sherds per decades to trace trend graphics. Peaks and lows tell a lot about commercial trade but also changes related to cultural phenomena. The aim of the paper is the comparison of the results about amphorae and fine-ware sherds – both local and imported –, to trace historical-political shifting and to verify how cultural changes influence, or get influenced by, in Sardinia in the moment of transition between Punic and Roman phases.
      PubDate: 2021-12-29
      DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.5720200
  • Eastern Imports in the Marche Region during the Roman Age

    • Authors: Dario Di Michele
      Abstract: Recent studies of Roman pottery led in various contexts of the Marche region (Italy) have certainly enriched the cognitive heritage. Nevertheless, many gaps remain, due to the lack of publication of key sites (e.g. Ancona). This contribution aims to outline, without pretensions of exhaustiveness, the state of studies on imports of eastern pottery in the Marche region from 3th BC to 7th century AD, using well-known studies, such as those of Liliana Mercando, but also data provided by the most recent searches in this field.
      PubDate: 2021-12-29
      DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.5720209
  • The Roman Municipium of Urvinum Hortense. Preliminary data and reflections
           on local pottery*

    • Authors: Niccolò Cecconi , Benedetta Sciaramenti
      Abstract: After introducing the history of the Umbrian Municipium Urvinum Hortense, and briefly examining the archaeological evidence and the site's topography, this contribution presents the results of an investigation concerning two aspects of craft production in the ancient Roman city. The first concerns the exploitation of raw materials, in particular the rock vein and clay of the hill where the city was erected. The second regards the formal aspects and the specific ways in which locally produced ceramic artefacts were used, all discovered during the excavations conducted by the University of Perugia between 2017 and 2019.   -------------------------
      (*)The materials published in this article come from the ongoing archaeological excavation of Urvinum Hortense (Collemancio di Cannara - Pg), Scientific Direction of G.L. Grassigli (Full Professor - Classical Archeology - UniPg) granted to the Municipality of Cannara, prot. 16005 del 10.06.2019, by the Soprintendenza ABAP - Umbria and the Direzione Generale ABAP.
      PubDate: 2021-12-29
      DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.5720396
  • Elements of continuity and transformation in the circulation of local and
           imported ceramics in the city of Policastro Bussentino (Santa Marina, SA)
           between the 6th and the 2nd century BC

    • Authors: Elena Santoro
      Abstract: The archaeological data of Policastro Bussentino (Santa Marina, SA), also supplemented by recent research undertaken by the University of Genoa, provides evidence that since the Archaic period the settlement had taken on a pivotal role in controlling the most important trade networks along the coastal routes from the Gulf of Naples to the Messina strait. Furthermore, its port and the course of the nearby Bussento river guaranteed the smooth operation of the activities of a trade hub for the Diano valley, thus favouring a network of close relations with the sub-regional areas and the surrounding colonial settlements. Imported pottery arrived in Policastro by sea and was redistributed to the towns of the hinterland, while the latter and the colonies were producing imitation pottery instead. The structure of this commercial network remained substantially unchanged even during the subsequent phase of Lucanian occupation of the settlement and persisted until the foundation of the Roman colony of Buxentum in 194 BC, when new influences radically changed the social, cultural, and economic structure of the Gulf of Policastro.
      PubDate: 2021-12-29
      DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.5720256
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