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  Subjects -> ARCHAEOLOGY (Total: 300 journals)
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0154-1854 - ISSN (Online) 2117-6973
Published by OpenEdition Journals Homepage  [456 journals]
  • An attempt to create a digital reconstruction of the Puck 2 wreck hull

    • Authors: Paweł Litwinienko, Janusz Różycki
      Abstract: This paper focuses on the process of documentation and digital reconstruction of the Puck 2 wreck, salvaged in 2005 from an early medieval harbour in the Puck Lagoon, northern Poland. After PEG treatment the wreck timbers were digitally documented according to the methodology developed during the Newport ship project. The individual timbers were then assembled using Rhinoceros software into a virtual model of the wreck as found, which served as a base for the attempted reconstruction of the ship’s hull and its hydrostatic characteristics.
      PubDate: 2022-08-25
  • Viking boats in medieval Russia from written and archaeological evidence

    • Authors: Petr Sorokin
      Abstract: Mention of Viking vessels in Russia is rare and brief both in Russian letopis (chronicles) and in ancient Nordic literature. Foreign-language boat names were usually used in medieval Russian documents to designate foreign vessels, while local vessels, as well as their parts and rigging, practically always had local names. Archaeological data of boat finds from the territory of early medieval Russia includes elements of Scandinavian vessels and representations of Viking boats. They have been discovered in medieval layers of Russian towns along the main inland water routes connected with the Baltic from the mid-8th to early 11th centuries, and in boat graves. The Scandinavian boatbuilding tradition existed here in the period of intensive Russian-Scandinavian contacts during the Viking Age.
      PubDate: 2022-08-25
  • The Tallinn cog : smart conservation

    • Authors: Eero Ehanti, Heikki Häyhä, Priit Lätti
      Abstract: This article presents the conservation project of a medieval shipwreck find in Tallinn, Estonia. The object, the well-preserved wreck of a Hanseatic cog, is briefly introduced, but the main focus is on conservation measures. The decision-making process is discu­ssed, and the conservation plan summarised. At this late stage of the project, it can be concluded that the choices made and conservation actions carried out have proven to be successful.
      PubDate: 2022-08-25
  • Traditional ship construction in the Gulf of Lion and the Ligurian Sea:
           the tartane case study

    • Authors: Hélène Botcazou
      Abstract: This article deals with a type of coaster from the northwest Mediterranean called tartane. This emblematic coaster is generally presented as the most commonly utilised boat for cargo transport from the 16th century until the end of sailing ship coastal trade in this area at the very beginning of the 20th century. Although it is often described as a wide-bottom one-masted lateen ship, we can count at least four different rigging systems in various iconographic resources portraying tartanes, dating from 1679 to the very first decades of the 20th century. These diverse rigging systems reveal some developments to and influences on the tartane-type vessel, and they add complexity to our vision of a maritime cultural landscape in a coherent sailing space that includes the Gulf of Lion and Liguria.
      PubDate: 2022-08-25
  • The Skuldelev 3 reconstruction, Roar Ege: from reconstruction to

    • Authors: Martin Rodevad Dael, Tríona Sørensen
      Abstract: In 1982, the Viking Ship Museum embarked upon its first full-scale reconstruction of a Viking ship. The vessel in question was based on the remains of Skuldelev 3, an 11th-century coastal transport and trading vessel, which had been excavated 20 years previously. The reconstruction, Roar Ege, was launched in 1984 and retired from service in 2016, providing a complete data set over the lifespan of a reconstructed Viking ship. This article will present an object biography of Roar Ege, from the perspective of both the boatbuilder and archaeologist, detailing the manner in which the hull has deteriorated, and the components involved in its decline.
      PubDate: 2022-08-25
  • The PenglaiĀ 3 Shipwreck in Context: Korean Shipbuilding in the Late 14th
           and Early 15th Centuries

    • Authors: Damien Peladan
      Abstract: The latest developments in Korean nautical archaeology have provided a clearer picture of what medieval shipbuilding in Korea looked like. However, the Penglai 3 shipwreck, excavated in China and dated to the late 14th or early 15th century, though unequivocally Korean in its basic structure, shows features which have never been seen before or since on other Korean ship-wrecks. The present paper aims to explain the uniqueness of this ship by examining the specific historical context in which it was built, at a time when the Korean court was conducting experiments with various techniques.
      PubDate: 2022-08-25
  • The Cossack boat of 1737 as an example of shipbuilding in the first half
           of the 18th century

    • Authors: Dimitri Kobaliia, Ksenia Yermolaieva
      Abstract: The article is devoted to a ‘new style’ Cossack boat. It was investigated and raised near Khortytsia Island, Ukraine, in 1999. Such vessels were part of the Dnieper rowing flotilla in 1737–1739. The Cossack boats were armed with four falconets and could both be rowed and sailed. The interior space consisted of five zones: a foredeck, two rowing sections, a cargo section and a poop deck. The boat is carvel planked with oak framing of futtocks and floor timbers, a mast step, four swivel-gun stands, a keelson and a number of partitions. The planking and the knees were made of pine.
      PubDate: 2022-08-25
  • Boa Vista 1: context and construction details of an early modern ship
           discovered in Lisbon, Portugal

    • Authors: José Bettencourt, Gonçalo C. Lopes, Cristóvão Fonseca, Tiago Silva, Patrícia Carvalho, Inês Pinto Coelho
      Abstract: Archaeological excavations carried out in the riverside area of Lisbon in 2012 and 2013 revealed the remains of two ships: Boa Vista 1 and Boa Vista 2. Both were found in a wide anchorage used since Roman times, where they were deposited at some point between the mid-17th and the mid-18th centuries. This paper will present a preliminary analysis of the Boa Vista 1 construction. Some features are common in the Mediterranean, for example, a composite keel with butt joints and hook scarfs in the connection between floor timbers and futtocks. A particular feature of this ship is the hull’s protective wooden sheathing.
      PubDate: 2022-08-25
  • Timber supply for Vasa: new discoveries

    • Authors: Aoife Daly
      Abstract: Purchase records tell us that timber for building the Vasa, ­comple­ted in Stockholm in 1628, was bought from southeastern Sweden, Königsberg and Amsterdam (Cederlund 1966). An extensive tree-ring analysis of the timbers used to build Vasa is revealing details of the use of timbers in the hull from different sources. As part of the project entitled “Northern Europe’s timber resource – chronology, origin and exploitation (TIMBER),” the study of the timber for Vasa can be directly compared to the historical record of timber purchases, so that details of the volumes of timber that were supplied from the different sources can be outlined.
      PubDate: 2022-08-25
  • Two ships under rocks: a glimpse into rural shipbuilding in western

    • Authors: Jens Auer
      Abstract: The wrecks of two clinker-built vessels were excavated and lifted off the coast of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania in northern Germany as part of the archaeological mitigation procedures for the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline project.The ships formed part of an underwater barrier created by Swedish forces during the Great Northern War in 1715. As a result of the excavation carried out by the state authority for culture and monu­ments in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, both wrecks were documented underwater, disassembled, lifted and studied on the surface. All ship timbers were recorded in detail using a structured-­light scanner and photogrammetry before the wrecks were moved into temporary wet storage. After completion of the marine construction project, the wrecks will be re-deposited near their original locations.
      PubDate: 2022-08-25
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