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  Subjects -> ARCHAEOLOGY (Total: 300 journals)
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Damrong Journal of The Faculty of Archaeology Silpakorn University
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 1686-4395
Published by Silpakorn University Homepage  [4 journals]
  • Editorial

    • Authors: - -
      PubDate: 2023-12-26
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2023)
       
  • Peer Review

    • Authors: - -
      PubDate: 2023-12-26
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2023)
       
  • Editorial Team

    • Authors: - -
      PubDate: 2023-12-26
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2023)
       
  • Syncretism of Buddhism with Brahmanism as Evidenced by Sanskrit
           Inscriptions in Thailand and Cambodia

    • Authors: Dr. Chirapat Prapandvidya
      Pages: 9 - 26
      Abstract: Brahmanism and Buddhism must have reached Southeast Asia around the 4th century CE as indicated by iconographic evidence. Epigraphic evidence indicates that Buddhism that used the Sanskrit language flourished in Funan in the 6th century CE alongside Vaishnavism. A large number of inscriptions in Pali, mainly containing extracts from the Buddhist Pali canon, could be found in the central part of Thailand during the 6th and 7th centuries CE. This indicates that Buddhism practiced in this area belonged to the Early Theravāda sect. During the same period, however, Brahmanism must have been followed by the people as well, judging from the few inscriptions in Sanskrit with Brahmanical content found in the area. In the later period there are sizable numbers of inscriptions in Sanskrit and Khmer found in Thailand and Cambodia that show syncretism of Buddhism with Brahmanism
      PubDate: 2023-12-26
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2023)
       
  • Reconstruction of Sutthasawan Throne Hall at Narai Ratchaniwet Palace,
           Lopburi Province

    • Authors: Dr. Santi Leksukhum
      Pages: 25 - 44
      Abstract: This paper aims to study the Sutthasawan Pavillion at Lopburi by data from archaeological excavations archival documents and information from ancient remains as well as from other relevant sources gathered together to analyze and find a presumed example of the inner court area of Lopburi Palace. Which is divided into two parts by an insulated wall, the front part is the Sutthasawan Pavillion, this throne is the royal resident. Therefore, there should not be a spire roof because it is not the throne for the royal ceremony. The back area is a row of residences of courtiers, planting various trees.The western style fountain there are both the front and rear parts of this inner palace.
      PubDate: 2023-12-26
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2023)
       
  • In Meomorial of 100 years occasion of birth Professor M.C.Subhadradis
           Diskul : Contributions to Archaeological Academic of Thailand

    • Authors: Dr. Jirassa Kachachiva
      Pages: 45 - 72
      Abstract: Professor M.C.Subhadradis Diskul has made many contributions to academic and cultural activities. This article aims to present the work of Professor M.C.Subhadradis. Diskul, including laying the foundation for the curriculum of archeology and art history in Thailand, various articles and books, museology, guide work, bringing back Vishnu Anantasayin lintels to Thailand which are all laying the foundation for education of archeology, art history in Thailand until now.
      PubDate: 2023-12-26
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2023)
       
  • Social Networks in Log Coffin Culture, in Highland Pang Mapha District,
           Mae Hong Son Province (2,120-1,250 B.P.)

    • Authors: Chonchanok Samrit, Dr. Rasmi Shoocongdej
      Pages: 73 - 96
      Abstract: This study aimed to reconstruct social networks in Log Coffin culture, Pang Mapha district, Mae Hong Son Province during 2,120-1,250 B.P. A total of 204 log coffins from
      33 archaeological sites were analyzed using Social Network Analysis combined with the carbon-14 ages of log coffins. The results of this study revealed that 1) Coffin head type 1A, 1B, and 5D networks were the highest density networks. Type 2A, 2B, 5C, 6C, and 8D networks were medium density networks. Type 5F, 6A, and 6F networks were the lowest density networks. Thus, the density of a network is related to the continuity of coffin making and use. Coffin head types with densely connected networks were made and used continuously for a long time, while the coffin head types with small networks were made and used in a short period. 2) Lang, Mae Lana, and Khong sub-watersheds probably were the same cultural group because of the connections between these locales. 3) Archaeological sites with high degree centrality scores were locations in which a large number of coffins with various head styles and modified teeth were manifested. It indicates the relationships between different social groups. 4) Carbon-14 dates of log coffins and continuity and variation of coffin head styles demonstrated dynamic of networks. And 5) In 1,700 B.P., interaction between different social groups and the expansion of networks were occurred in highland Pang Mapha. Because the distinctive head styles were presented in this period.
      PubDate: 2023-12-26
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2023)
       
  • Patterns and Origins of Buddha Images in the Early Period of Ban Chang Lo,
           Bangkok

    • Authors: Naran Akharanitipirakool
      Pages: 97 - 120
      Abstract: For this reason, Ban Chang Lo was influenced by the Buddha image's stylistic characteristics and its casting technique from the Royal Foundry. Additionally, the Lanna Buddha statue, which was popular at the time, also had an impact on the style of the Ban Chang Lo Buddha statue. As a result, the Buddha images created by craftsmen in the Ban Chang Lo have distinctive characteristics of their own.
      PubDate: 2023-12-26
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2023)
       
  • The Negotiation Process for housing the urban poor in Taling Chan Railway
           Community

    • Authors: Preewara Meemak
      Pages: 121 - 142
      Abstract: This article aims to study and explain the negotiation process of the urban poor for housing. The study of documents and anthropology fieldwork by interviewing the urban poor in Taling Chan Railway community with a leader, community board, and community member to find answers of research that "How is the negotiation process for housing the urban poor in the case study area'” Assembling the concept of negotiation theory with duality of structure and agency. The result reveals that the state's urban development has created urban poverty and community invasion. And also the states have tried to demolish their homes lead to the creation process of urban poor negotiation to demand sustainable housing. In case of Taling Chan Railway community that have power relations between the state and the urban poor. By creating a negotiation process, pressuring the government to solve the problems of their rights and security in their homes.
      PubDate: 2023-12-26
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2023)
       
  • Friends after retirement : the use of virtual communities among the
           elderly in the LINE application group

    • Authors: Chinnaworn Fardittee
      Pages: 143 - 164
      Abstract: This article aims to answer how a group of real-life nonacquaintance elderly behave in the virtual community and how the virtual community affects them. In-depth interviews and non-participant observations were used to collect data from a group of 5 Bangkokian elderly aged 60 years and older. They used the Pantip website and the Line application as their means of social gathering. The result indicates that before they retired, they had used Pantip to find interesting information in their free time. After retirement, they continued to use it to establish new relationships with other seniors whom they had never known in real life. Their participation in the website consecutively led to a gathering in Line. This new platform of the virtual community allowed them a variety of interactions, namely sending and sharing pictures, information, and video clips; having conversations on topics of mutual interest; and arranging face-to-face meetings to foster further relationships in the physical space. Being part of the virtual community positively affected them in that they received more news and information, their loneliness was relieved and moral support was given. Nevertheless, social media gatherings undeniably had negative impacts on them. Their increased expense resulted from the use of the virtual community, their social gatherings in the physical space, and their health problems caused by the use of the virtual community for a long period.
      PubDate: 2023-12-26
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2023)
       
  • Islamic Reformation in Thailand by the Al-Islah Association Intellectuals,
           1933-1957

    • Authors: Amin Lona
      Pages: 165 - 192
      Abstract: This article aims to study Islamic reformation among Muslim intellectuals of Siam which was the movement that occurred since Siamese revolution of 1933 until 1957. Islamic reformation during this period lead to transfiguration of Muslim sense and identity from inside Thai Muslim society. The study of how the Muslim intellectuals created the Islamic reformation during this period is an important part in fulfilling the history, wisdom and ideas of Thai Muslim society by giving clearly explanation that how could “religious thought which is school of thought in Islam, revival in Islam, returning to adherence to the Quran, and the inner conflict of Islamic idea cause the new figure of Thai Muslim society since 1933 - 1957” and “how was the political and social context of Siam involved in shaping the figure of the Islamic Reformation in Siam'”. Moreover, the arrival of the Islamic reform movement in Siamese society coincided with the context of great political changes which occurred in 1933. Under a more open political climate leading to the selection of religious identity to replace the existing ethnic identity became the key factor that drives the importation of a new type of Islam that differs from the original perception of Islam among the Muslim population in Siam. This shift in religious identity later became a negotiating tool in relations between Muslims and the state power structure.
      PubDate: 2023-12-26
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2023)
       
  • Initial Consonant Phonemes in Eight Burmese Dialects

    • Authors: Thaninthorn Limpisiri, Dr. Yuttaporn Naksuk
      Pages: 193 - 218
      Abstract: This review article aimed to synthesize the studies of initial consonant phonemes in 8 Burmese dialects, namely, Yangon, Rakhine (Arakan), Dawei (Tavoyan), Myeik (Beik, Mergui), Danu, Intha, Taungyo, and Yaw. The synthesis comprised 19 articles and research studies, divided into 16 English publications and 3 Japanese publications. The results of the synthesis showed that the number of initial consonant phonemes in all 8 Burmese dialects ranged between 24-34 phonemes: 32 phonemes in Yangon, 34 phonemes in Rakhine, 32 phonemes in Dawei, 27 phonemes in Myeik, 25 phonemes in Danu, 26 phonemes in Intha, 24 phonemes in Taungyo, and 32 phonemes in Yaw. The difference in the number of initial consonant phonemes in 8 Burmese dialects is due to the diverse development of sound correspondences in each dialect. Nine sets of sound correspondences were found: 1) /g-k/, 2) /d-t/, 3) /b-pʰ/, 4) /θ-sʰ/, 5) /z-s-sʰ/, 6) /m̥, n̥, ŋ̊, ɲ̊, l̥ - m, n, ŋ, ɲ, l/,
      7) /kr, kʰr - tɕ, tɕʰ/, 8) /r-j/, and 9) /r̥-ʃ-tɕʰ/. These results revealed the status of the initial consonant phonemes studies in 8 Burmese dialects from the past until the present, which has never been collected nor presented before. It can also be beneficial as a reference source for the phonetic system of the Burmese dialects.
      PubDate: 2023-12-26
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2023)
       
  • Analysis of Vocabulary and Language Compilation in Ancient Textbooks of
           Nakhon Phanom National Library in Honor of Her Majesty the Queen

    • Authors: Dr. Punchaya Shivaniphat, Dr. Komsak Harachai , Dr. Athirach Nankhantee
      Pages: 259 - 282
      Abstract: This article aims: 1) to analyze knowledge and categorize information from ancient textbooks of Nakhon Phanom National Library in Honor of Her Majesty the Queen and 2) to translate the original document, which is an ancient dialect, into words in the present Central Thai language that people from all regions can read and understand. It is analyzed by collecting data from ancient vocabulary textbooks of Nakhon Phanom National Library. Then, researchers interview key informants to check the vocabulary and content. The study found that the knowledge and vocabulary category from ancient textbooks was able to collect 130 names of diseases or symptoms of diseases which could be classified into 15 groups: 1) the heart circulatory system, blood and lymph, 2) the respiratory system, 3) the gastrointestinal tract and excretion, 4) the urinary system, 5) the skin system, 6) the musculoskeletal and tendons system 7) the nervous system emotional state and behavior, 8) deterioration of the body, 9) parasites and infections, 10) the eye, 11) the ear, nose and throat, 12) the oral cavity, 12) the oral cavity, complications in pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum period and 15) injury and poisoning. The main method of treating diseases was found to be through herbal remedies, with records of 25 methods of concocting medicines or preparing herbal medicines and 20 methods of using drugs. The names of herbs and other ingredients in the drugs include 308 names of plants, 43 animal items, and 7 mineral items. The ancient textbooks were found to contain other wisdom concerning healing in the field of pharmaceuticals and drug use, the use of herbs, and wisdom about language.
      PubDate: 2023-12-26
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2023)
       

  •        สายธารแห่งความรู้และปัญญาในหนังสือเรื่อง
           “ประวัติศาสตร์เอเชียอาคเนย์ถึง
           พ.ศ. 2000”
           พระนิพนธ์ของศาสตราจารย์
           

    • Authors: Dr. Nipat Yamdate
      Pages: 283 - 296
      PubDate: 2023-12-26
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2023)
       
 
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