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  Subjects -> ARCHAEOLOGY (Total: 300 journals)
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SPAFA Journal
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0858-1975 - ISSN (Online) 2586-8721
Published by SEAMEO Regional Centre for Archaeology and Fine Arts Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Bridging Art and Play:

    • Authors: Rendy Bastari, Idhar Resmadi, Ricky Azharyandi Siswanto
      Abstract: This study delves into the ecosystem of an Indonesian art toys designer, examining it from the perspective of the artist, Mirfak Prabowo one of the most prominent art toy designer. The Indonesian art toy scene is characterized as inclusive and collaborative, providing a fertile ground for creativity and innovation. Through engagement with the community, Mirfak gained recognition as an Indonesian toy designer, marking the developmental stage of the art toy scene in Indonesia. This paper highlights the key players, aesthetics, and engagement in the community that contributes to the thriving art toy scene with validation from in-depth interview with the artist and two art toys collectors. Additionally, we explored the role of cultural, economic, and symbolic capitals in shaping Mirfak's career. The findings indicate that Indonesian art toys are deeply influenced by pop culture elements, and community participation plays a vital role in legitimizing and advancing the art toy scene.
      Issue No: Vol. 8
       
  • Ancient Kedah Iron Smelting Furnace: Archaeological Remains at Sungai Batu
           Archaeological Complex, Bujang Valley, Kedah, Malaysia

    • Authors: Mohd Hasfarisham Abd Halim, Norhidayahti Mohd Muztaza, Shyeh Sahibul Karamah Masnan, Mokhtar Saidin
      Abstract: Archaeological excavations conducted at the SB2Q site have uncovered the bases of a furnace, combustion sediments, iron slags, tuyere, iron ores, shells, laterite, iron tools, stone tools, platform bricks, and beads, proving its function as an iron-smelting workshop. The furnace was built using clay and broken bricks on the ground. The in-situ bases of furnaces clearly suggest that such furnaces represent vaulted-shaped furnaces with mouths at the top and bottom of the furnace. Such furnace architecture is dominant in the complex, apart from the shaft-shaped furnace base.
      Issue No: Vol. 8
       
  • Integration of Accessibility Measures Within Shadow Puppetry to Foster
           Inclusivity and Engagement of Audiences with Disabilities : Diaspora
           Insights in Malaysia

    • Authors: dahlan ghani
      Abstract: The important and beautifully prepared volume, ASEAN puppetry, provides a glimpse into the visual aspects of puppetry as an art form while providing insights into performance as well as into the puppet theater as a multi-dimensional tool for the spread of knowledge and cultural understanding within the region. The integration of accessibility measures within shadow puppetry is an important step toward fostering inclusivity and engagement of audiences with disabilities. This issue is particularly relevant in the context of Malaysia, where traditional art forms like shadow puppetry hold cultural significance. This research delves into the integration of accessibility measures within the realm of Malaysian shadow puppetry, aiming to foster inclusivity and engagement among audiences with disabilities. Shadow puppetry, deeply rooted in Malaysia's cultural heritage, faces the challenge of ensuring that its rich traditions are accessible to individuals with diverse abilities. The aim of this research is to employs a multifaceted approach, combining cultural preservation with inclusive design principles. It includes accessibility audits of shadow puppetry performances and venues, identifying barriers that hinder participation.  The findings highlight the pivotal role of inclusive practices in shadow puppetry, not only in accommodating diverse audiences but also in enriching the overall artistic experience. In conclusion, this abstract advocates for a concerted effort within the realm of shadow puppetry to embrace universal design principles, thus ensuring that this ancient art form remains accessible and resonates with audiences of all abilities, cultures, and backgrounds.
      Issue No: Vol. 8
       
  • The Transformation of Mosque Architecture Related to Politics of
           Islamization in Java, Indonesia

    • Authors: Supriyanta Supriyanta, Noor Cholis Idham
      Abstract: Mosques in Java have transformed with various styles influenced by typical Middle Eastern, classical Javanese, Western, modern, and others. Their architectural development deals not only with religious motives but also with the political treatment of a regime. Throughout history, rulers have interfered in Islam, and at the same time, the refinement of the religion by its adherents has always been in constant progress. We need to understand how political perspectives from the ruler and people have influenced mosques since Islamic inception in Java. The paper aims to discover how the progress of Islamization has directly determined the development of mosques in each era. The authors explore ten considerable mosques built in five sequential political contexts ranging from Islamic penetration, colonial period, post-independence, New Era, and post-reform regime to examine the influence of each political domination in mosque architecture. The study found that synchronization, colonialism, nationalism, secularism, and Islamic purification, respectively, were the dominant political motives that attracted the use of certain styles. Since the arrival of Islam, the mosque has established itself as a powerful political medium for controlling the people in almost all subsequent periods of civilization in different approaches. The paper enriches discussions on the development of Java and Islam, focusing primarily on Islam, history, and politics in mosque architecture. Masjid-masjid di Pulau Jawa telah bertransformasi dengan berbagai bentuk yang dipengaruhi oleh gaya khas Timur Tengah, Jawa klasik, Barat, modern, dan lain-lain. Perkembangan arsitekturnya tidak hanya berkaitan dengan aspek keagamaan tetapi juga sikap politik sebuah rezim. Sepanjang sejarah, para penguasa telah melakukan campur tangan terhadap Islam, dan pada saat yang sama, penyempurnaan agama yang dilakukan oleh para penganutnya selalu mengalami perkembangan yang konstan. Kita perlu memahami bagaimana perspektif politik dari penguasa dan masyarakat telah mempengaruhi masjid sejak awal Islam di Jawa. Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui bagaimana perkembangan proses Islamisasi dengan menganalisa perkembangan masjid di setiap zaman. Penulis mengeksplorasi sepuluh masjid besar yang dibangun dalam lima konteks era politik berbeda mulai dari penetrasi Islam, masa kolonial, pasca kemerdekaan, Orde Baru, dan pemerintahan pasca reformasi untuk mengkaji pengaruh masing-masing dominasi politik dalam arsitektur masjid. Studi ini menemukan hasil bahwa sinkronisasi, kolonialisme, nasionalisme, sekularisme, dan pemurnian Islam masing-masing merupakan motif politik dominan yang menarik penggunaan gaya-gaya tertentu. Sejak masuknya Islam, masjid telah menjadi media politik yang kuat untuk mengendalikan umat di hampir semua periode peradaban dengan pendekatan yang berbeda-beda. Paper ini memperkaya diskusi mengenai perkembangan Jawa dan Islam, dengan fokus utama pada Islam, sejarah, dan politik dalam arsitektur masjid.
      Issue No: Vol. 8
       
  • Filipino-Spanish Moro Defense Structures in the Current Province of Samar,
           Philippines

    • Authors: Wilma Cruz, Feorillo Petronilo Demeterio III, Eula Jean Marayan-Permejo
      Abstract: Using field visits, key-informant interviews, desk research, and archival research, this paper cataloged and created some baseline information and historical contexts for some 22 surviving Filipino-Spanish structures and complexes that used to defend the territory of what is now Samar Province in central eastern Philippines against the Moro raids during the 17th to the 19th centuries. These surviving defensive structures and complexes are located in 13 sites, in 11 cities and municipalities of the said province, and are practically in a bad state of conservation and utter neglect. This paper offers the possibility that these 22 surviving structures and complexes are part of three defense clusters centered on the pueblo of Bangahon, the Maqueda Bay, and the San Juanico Strait. The knowledge generated by this paper is expected to inspire the stakeholders to properly conserve these structures and complexes and exploit their educational, cultural, and touristic values. 
      Issue No: Vol. 8
       
  • Exploring Aesthetic Innovations in Wisran Hadi’s 'Jalan Lurus' (The
           Straight Path)/ Menjelajahi Inovasi Estetika dalam 'Jalan Lurus' (Jalan
           Lurus) karya Wisran Hadi

    • Authors: Sahrul Nazar, Yusril Najmi, Eva Yanti, cameron malik
      Abstract: This research examines the innovative aesthetic approach in 'Jalan Lurus,' a theatrical performance by artist Wisran Hadi. Hadi's work is distinguished by its creative fusion of traditional Minangkabau concepts—particularly those of becoming and gossip—with modern theatrical techniques. By leveraging these indigenous concepts, Hadi has created a distinctive aesthetic experience that reinterprets and revitalizes cultural narratives within a contemporary context. Our study involved an extensive process of collecting, formulating, and experimentally testing the concepts incorporated by Hadi in his performance. This methodological approach enabled a thorough exploration of how Hadi transformed the traditional ideas of gossip and identity evolution within modern theater. The findings suggest that Hadi explores the origins of these concepts, applying them innovatively to weave a narrative that is both captivating and emotionally rich. A significant discovery of this research is Hadi's skill in crafting a compelling narrative that retains its emotional intensity while challenging traditional notions of identity and societal discourse. His work exemplifies the fusion of cultural heritage with contemporary art practices, resulting in a fresh and impactful aesthetic experience. In 'Jalan Lurus,' Hadi demonstrates the effectiveness of drawing from a diverse range of influences to forge an original artistic expression. His work not only honors cultural traditions but also expands the horizons of artistic creativity, highlighting the transformative role of aesthetics in contemporary art. This study enhances our understanding of how traditional cultural elements can be reenvisioned and revitalized in modern artistic creations, offering fresh perspectives on the dynamic interplay between tradition and innovation in the arts
      Issue No: Vol. 8
       
 
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