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  Subjects -> ARCHAEOLOGY (Total: 300 journals)
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SPAFA Journal
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0858-1975 - ISSN (Online) 2586-8721
Published by SEAMEO Regional Centre for Archaeology and Fine Arts Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Reconstruction of The Four Pillars of Cultural Education for Development
           of Art Learning Design in Junior High School

    • Authors: Zulfi Hendri
      Abstract: The problem of art education in Indonesia stems from a long unresolved problem related to formal art education, especially at the junior high school level. The absence of fresh learning content in the syllabus may have contributed to the lack of interest in art among students in the arts stream. As a result, students cannot discover their artistic potential. Fine arts education will be more developed if in this case the reconstruction of the four pillars of cultural education is carried out.   Masalah pendidikan seni rupa di Indonesia bermula dari masalah yang sudah lama tidak terselesaikan terkait pendidikan seni formal, khususnya di tingkat Sekolah Menengah Pertama (SMP). Tidak adanya konten pembelajaran baru dalam silabus mungkin menyebabkan kurangnya minat akan seni di kalangan siswa. Akibatnya, siswa tidak dapat menemukan potensi artistik mereka. Pendidikan seni rupa akan lebih berkembang jika dalam hal ini dilakukan rekonstruksi empat pilar pendidikan budaya.   Keywords: fine arts education, culture, reconstruction, four pillars, Junior High School seni rupa, budaya, rekonstruksi, empat pilar, SMP
      Issue No: Vol. 6
  • The The Function of Folk Music in the Lives of Indigenous People: An
           Investigation of the Pa Cô Ethnic Group in Thừa Thiên-Huế province,

    • Authors: Lam Nguyen Dinh
      Abstract: Arts are generally a product born of particular cultures. The identities of those cultures, as well as the identity of each art form, deeply show their own ethnic elements and cultural nuances. Research on the folk music of the Pa Cô people in Thừa Thiên-Huế province demonstrates that, as a specific cultural product, traditional art conveys the elements and nuances of their respective culture. The author’s direct fieldwork and surveys have shown that folk music, as a cultural product, is created, practiced, and maintained by the Pa Cô people from generation to generation. It not only serves entertainment purposes but also performs certain functions in the cultural and religious life of the people. At each stage of life and in religious rituals, the use of music adheres to certain principles. From a theoretical approach, research shows that traditional Pa Cô folk music is an important part of the cultural life of the people. Music is its own language, the link between people and people and between people and gods in each specific cultural space, creating a unique cultural mosaic of the Pa Cô. Based on functional theory, the article will show the appearance, function, and position of folk music in the cultural life of the Pa Cô through a concentrated survey in A Lưới district, Thừa Thiên-Huế province.
      Issue No: Vol. 6

    • Authors: Guntur, Robby Hidajat
      Abstract: The structure of Malang mask puppet in Malang, East Java, is reviewed in this research. Previous researches focus on genesis history, scene order, and symbolical value of Malang mask puppet. The results of those researches only provide discounted knowledges with less significant deductions. Several models of Malang mask puppet are compared with each other in order to understand the authentic structure of Malang mask puppet. This research is focused on exploring Malang mask puppet structure. Qualitative approach is used by the authors to catch more understandings with the support of anthropological structuralism theory conceptualized by Levi-Strauss. The data are procured through interview with key informants and the informants are M. Soleh Adi Pramono (67 years old), a puppeteer of mask puppet, and Suroso (47 years old), a leader of mask puppet society, a dancer and also a procession director. Data analysis uses structuralism to uncover the meaning of Malang mask puppet structure. Surface structure is understood by examining artifacts of Javanese house and mask puppet show. Deep structure is understood by scrutinizing the concepts of (1) setangkup, (2) sawiji, (3) sajodo, (4) pasaduluran, and (5) manunggal. The household life of humans is called omah-omah.
      Issue No: Vol. 6
  • Mapping and Visualizing the 18th-century Spanish Fortifications in Cagayan

    • Authors: Michael Tabao
      Abstract: Cagayan Valley is known as one of the provinces with the most number of uprisings. Contemporary accounts before the widespread pacification of Cagayan Valley shows that rebellions spread throughout the region and even pillaged Spanish fortifications. Being a region of many ethnolinguistic groups such as the Ibanag, Itawit, Yogad, Irraya, Gaddang, the Apayaos and others, records show the first century of Spanish occupation had a hard time establishing its absolute colonial rule in Cagayan due to the existing warring culture of the ethnic groups and initially did not welcome the Catholic religion and colonialism. To understand the Spanish forts of the 16th to 18th-century Cagayan Valley, archival materials were used from Spanish and Philippine archives (Biblioteca Nacional de España (BNE), Biblioteca Virtual de Defensa (BVD), Portal de Archivos Españoles (PARES), Archivo General de Indias (AGI), and Miguel de Benavides Library and Archives (MBLA)) to map and visualize them. The structures being reviewed focused on the seven forts documented in 1719, 1738, and 1753. The mapping process was based on the locations in AGI (1719) and coordinates available in Valdes (1738) and AGI (1753). The crucial Valdes (1738) architectural plans was used and converted the Spanish braza into meters and was visualized in 3D form using Trimble Sketchup and AutoCAD also based from AGI (1753), Herbella’s (1882) details, and Malumbres’ (1918a; 1918b; 1919) historical records. Buildings and structures are clarified, calculated and tabulated their interior spaces, and compared their design proportions and features, and visualized using Trimble Sketchup, hence the architectural visualization made is consistent with the period’s style in fortification design.
      Issue No: Vol. 6
  • A Study on Typology of Bricks from Sri-Ksetra

    • Authors: Wutyee Win Thant
      Abstract: Ancient structures are ones of the most important evidences to study the cultures of the past. Bricks and terracotta   plaques have been used to build and decorate structures since protohistoric time. Raw material of bricks and terracotta plaques are usually made up of clay. Clay can be obtained abundantly. By firing clay, terracotta objects have been produced since ancient time. One of the most important terracotta objects found in the ancient civilization is brick of building material. Generally, the art of making brick had assisted to be urbanized. Moreover, bricks were extensively used to build town walls and fortresses for defense purposes in ancient time. Religious and ritual structures have also been built of bricks. Therefore, brick has played an important role in civilization of a society. That is why bricks are noteworthy to study to reveal the past. This paper is deal with bricks, finger-marked bricks, and bricks with inscriptions and relieves of Sri Ksetra. Chemical compositions and physical properties of bricks are also presented by using scientific physical test and other analytical methods including X-ray Fluorescence method (XRF) and X-ray Diffraction Method (XRD).
      Issue No: Vol. 6
  • a tayub dance Tayub Dance of Tambakromo Gunung Kidul Regency:

    • Authors: pramutomo mas, Sriyadi Sriyadi
      Abstract: Tayub is an old dance form in the Javanese cultural tradition. The value of Tayub’s ties to Javanese agrarian culture is associated with the form of village rituals. The village that still preserves the ritual of Village Purification is Tambakromo Village, Ponjong District, Gunung Kidul Regency, Yogyakarta. Tayub Desa Tambakromo is one of the substances for extracting groundwater sources, referred to as Sendhang Milodo, located in the Tukluk area. The traditional religiosity of Tambakromo Village believes in this sendhang as a source of life. This article reveals the events of the Tayub for Bersih Desa (Village Purification) in the Pandemic Covid-19 era. The approach of this article is ethnochoreology with the ethnographic research method of dance. Eventually, the most crucial idea of ethnochoreology as multidisciplinary studies has belonged to the specific paradigm and perspective qualification. The main topic in this article will attempt to explore a kind of multidisciplinary study’s establishment. Dance ethnology replaced an ethnic dance culture of non-Western studies based on its cultural texts, which support their own dance culture’s term. It is just because it obtains to fulfill both dance history method and dance ethnography’s project. This article shows how vital Tayub’s role is as a part of the ritual substance even in the pandemic era. Tayub merupakan bentuk tarian kuno dalam tradisi budaya Jawa. Tayub memiliki nilai yang terikat dengan budaya agraris berhubungan dengan ritual di desa. Desa Tambakromo, Kecamatan Ponjong, Kabupaten Gunung Kidul, Yogyakarta merupakan salah satu daerah yang masih melestarikan ritual Bersih Desa. Tayub Desa Tambakromo merupakan salah satu cara mengabstraksi sumber mata air yakni Sendhang Milodo yang terletak di kawasan Tukluk. Religiusitas tradisional Desa Tambakromo meyakini sendhang ini sebagai sumber kehidupan. Artikel ini mengungkap peristiwa pertunjukan tari Tayub dalam ritual Bersih Desa di era pandemi Covid-19. Etnokoreologi dipilih sebagai pendekatan dengan metode penelitian etnografi tari. Akhirnya, gagasan paling penting tentang etnokoreologi sebagai studi multidisiplin telah menjadi bagian dari kualifikasi paradigma dan perspektif tertentu. Topik utama dalam artikel ini adalah melakukan eksplorasi pembentukan studi multidisiplin. Etnologi tari menggantikan studi budaya tari etnis non-Barat berdasarkan teks budayanya, yang mendukung istilah budaya tari mereka sendiri. Hal ini dikarenakan dapat memenuhi baik metode sejarah tari maupun proyek etnografi tari. Artikel ini menunjukkan betapa pentingnya peran Tayub sebagai bagian dari substansi ritual bahkan di era pandemi.
      Issue No: Vol. 6
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
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