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  Subjects -> ARCHAEOLOGY (Total: 300 journals)
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Anadolu Araştırmaları / Anatolian Research
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0569-9746
Published by İstanbul Üniversitesi Homepage  [18 journals]
  • Preliminary Observations on the Sere Şippe Mound in the Upper Tigris
           Valley (Dargeçit/Mardin/Turkey)

    • Authors: Ergül KODAŞ
      Abstract: The Sere Şippe mound is an archaeological site located in the Temelli neighborhood of Dargeçit district in Turkey’s Mardin Province. The site was discovered in 2019 during a survey conducted by the archaeology team working at Boncuklu Tarla, another site situated around 1,500 m to the northwest and researched within the scope of the Ilısu Dam Project. The surface materials collected at the Sere Şippe mound include sherds, chipped stones, ground stones, bone tools, and ornaments. These finds suggest Sere Şippe mound to have been inhabited during the Early Neolithic Era and Pottery Neolithic Early Neolithic Era Pre-Proto Hassuna and Proto Hassuna pottery traditions are represented by several sherds, hinting at this mound having been occupied at the beginning of the Pottery Neolithic. In addition, the presence of microlithic tools and grooved stone objects implies that the settlement had seen human activities during the Pre-Pottery Neolithic. Halaf sherds and Paleolithic tools are among the finds that have been collected around the natural flint stone layers near the site.
      PubDate: Thu, 04 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • A Group of Gems with Isis-Tyche Depictions from Ankara

    • Authors: Melih ARSLAN; Yavuz YEĞİN
      Abstract: This study evaluates 13 intaglio engraved ring stones from Ankara through their iconographic features. These artifacts come from the collections of the Ankara Museum of Anatolian Civilizations and the Erimtan Archaeology and Art Museum. The artifacts contain depictions of Isis and Isis-Tyche. Isis is known one of the chief goddesses in the ancient Egyptian belief system. When examining the iconography, more examples are encountered of the goddess depicted with her son Harpocrates and her husband Osiris However, due to the close cultural relations that were established over time, Isis was observed to have been combined with different goddesses from the Greek and Roman worlds. One of these goddesses is Tyche, the goddess of luck and fate. Isis and Tyche are depicted as integrated on the ring stones and amulets discussed here. In other words, the depictions are of Isis-Tyche. This study examines the ways in which the goddess Isis had developed an eclectic form with the new features she gained from the pantheon of the Greco-Roman world and how she was depicted as being integrated with other goddesses. Ring stones with depiction of Isis-Tyche were used as personal seals in the Roman Imperial Period, as well as being and were also believed to bring the wearer good health and protection from bad luck.
      PubDate: Thu, 04 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • No title

    • Authors: Burcu ERCİYAS
      PubDate: Thu, 04 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • No title

    • Authors: Mustafa Hamdi SAYAR
      PubDate: Thu, 04 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • No title

    • Authors: Aytaç DÖNMEZ
      PubDate: Thu, 04 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • No title

    • Authors: Mustafa Hamdi SAYAR
      PubDate: Thu, 04 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Earliest Occupation at Aşağı Pınar: Layer 7

    • Authors: Şemsettin AKYOL; Şafak NERGİZ, Eylem ÖZDOĞAN
      Abstract: Toward the end of the last Ice Age, the transition from hunting and gathering to a settled life based on food production was the first step in radical changes that would determine the history of humanity. A very dynamic process was experienced during the approximately 4,000 year-long period known as the Neolithic; as the main elements that determined the Neolithic lifestyle formed over time, the Neolithic geography also tended toward a continuous expansion. The earliest settlements in Eastern Thrace correspond to a process where it was culturally settled with all the rules of the Neolithic lifestyle, and these settlements expanded their geography to the Balkan Peninsula. As one of the earliest settlements in Eastern Thrace, Aşağı Pınar is located along the southern outskirts of the Istranca Mountains and the northern part of the Ergene Basin. The period of the first occupation in Aşağı Pınar has been dated to 6000-5750 BC. This period corresponds to the Late Neolithic/Early Chalcolithic Period of the Anatolian timeline. This paper discusses the earliest settlement phase known as Layer 7 in Aşağı Pınar through its architectural features. This period represents the early stages of settled life in the Balkans, and this paper will emphasize the characteristics of the settlement in Aşağı Pınar and the general evaluations of life during this period.
      PubDate: Thu, 04 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Thirteen Years in Istanbul (1937-1949). German Assyriologist Fritz Rudolf
           Kraus and His Correspondences in Turkish Exile (Ed. Jan Schmidt)

    • Authors: Vildan YARLIGAŞ
      Abstract: Thirteen Years in Istanbul (1937-1949). German Assyriologist Fritz Rudolf Kraus and His Correspondences in Turkish Exile (Ed. Jan Schmidt)
      PubDate: Thu, 04 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • ALEXANDRU AVRAM (1956-2021)

    • Authors: Dan DANA
      Abstract: Another great scholar left us too early, as the capricious Tyche stopped his life in full floruit. Aged 64, Alexandru Avram was waiting his retirement from the teaching activities ‒ always fulfilled with seriousness and goodwill ‒ with the great hope to consecrate exclusively to the publications in progress or planned, and thus meant to crown a life dedicated to the study of Antiquity. His work was already both large and important: the exemplary edition of the Callatian corpus (ISM III: Inscriptions grecques et latines de Scythie Mineure, III. Callatis et son territoire, Bucharest-Paris 1999) and the recent supplement of Tomitan inscriptions (ISM VI.2: Inscriptions grecques et latines de Scythie Mineure, vol. VI. Suppléments, fasc. 2: Tomis et son territoire, Bucharest-Paris 2018, with M. Bărbulescu and L. Buzoianu); the treaty between Rome and Callatis (Der Vertrag zwischen Rom und Kallatis. Ein Beitrag zum römischen Völkerrecht, Amsterdam 1999 [Schwarzmeer-Studien7]); the Thasian amphora stamps found at Istros (Histria VIII. Les timbres amphoriques.
      PubDate: Thu, 04 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • A Syrian Bottle from Acemhöyük

    • Authors: Yalçın KAMIŞ
      Abstract: Acemhöyük is located on the southern tip of Tuz Gölü in the Aksaray Plain and was one of the largest trading centers during the Assyrian Trade Colonies. Excavations that have been conducted along the southern slope of the mound have revealed several Early Bronze Age layers under the Hellenistic and Assyrian Trade Colonies period deposits. The Early Bronze Age layers of Acemhöyük have yielded a large number of archaeological finds that indicate cultural and commercial relations extending beyond Central Anatolia. The Syrian bottle recovered from Level XI is one of these finds. Syrian bottles are one of the well-known and widely distributed vessel forms of the ancient Near East. They have been attested to in several Early Bronze Age sites distributed over a wide geographical area and thus are considered one of the distinctive archaeological object groups that are useful for understanding cultural and commercial relations alongside the chronological issues of the related period. The following article presents a typological and technical discussion on the Syrian bottle that was recovered from Level XI at Acemhöyük. As a result, the Acemhöyük bottle appears to have been connected to bottles that were distributed in Northwestern Syria.
      PubDate: Thu, 04 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • A New Tomb from Hadrianopolis in Paphlagonia

    • Authors: Mevlüt ELİÜŞÜK
      Abstract: The surface surveys and excavations performed at Hadrianopolis in Paphlagonia and the surrounding area have unearthed a rich collection of tombs consisting of a cist tomb, chamber tomb, pediment tomb, and a rock-cut tomb. Apart from these tomb types, the recovery of a plain limestone ostothec child sarcophagus lid, in the form of a gable roof, with the edge acroters taking the form of profile, with the dimensions of 84 x 68 cm in the excavation season of 2021, has revealed a new tomb type for the city and a new burial type at the same time. The tomb is in the form of a sarcophagus comprised of fragmented stones along with the in-situ state of the lid. The absence of the bracket slots on both sides of the lid, as seen on the plates identified at the bottom, suggests that the tomb had experienced two phases of use. Experts have argued that the lid was used as an ostotheca during its initial phase of use and later served as a pediment tomb, probably intended for a child, which is common only in the southern Paphlagonia Region. Based on the fact that the tomb has been used as an ostothec within its initial phase of use, it further revealed the presence of cremation burials in the region. The presence of ostothecae with and without epigraphs in the region reveals that cremation burial was preferred by both the general public and soldiers. Therefore, the cremation burial may simply have been preferred by everyone without requiring any privileged or special status within the society. The presence of the lid of the unearthed ostothecae proves that the cremation burial tradition previously known only in Amastrist and Pompeiopolis until today was also practiced in Hadrianopolis. This fact also suggests that not only ostothecae but also terra-cotta urns were used for cremation rituals within the city. Considering the limited amounts of regular archeological excavations executed in the city within the last ten years, the data related to the tomb typology and burial traditions will likely increase. New data will be acquired to demonstrate the cremation burial in the upcoming years.
      PubDate: Thu, 04 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Iron Age and Later Periods in an Isolated Region: The Bingöl-Solhan

    • Authors: Harun DANIŞMAZ; Kemalettin KÖROĞLU
      Abstract: Solhan Kalesi [Solhan Fortress] lies at the western tip of the Solhan Plain from which it derives its name. The fortress site was discovered in 2019 during surveys. Dry-wall fortifications reinforced with bastions and foundations from various buildings inside the fortification walls have been documented at the site. Ceramics and slag found at Solhan Fortress indicate that the site may have been a tribal center in the Iron Age. However, the architectural features of the fortress, especially the fortifications with bastions, are notably different from other Iron Age sites in the region. Surface finds do not include painted or glazed ceramics from the Medieval Period. Current findings indicate Solhan Fortress to have been inhabited for a long period from the Middle Iron Age to the Medieval Period.
      PubDate: Thu, 04 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Friendship and Rivalry: Local Relations and Cultural Environment in
           Constantinople and Nicomedia in the Light of Libanius' Orations and

    • Authors: Onur Sadık KARAKUŞ
      Abstract: Nicomedia and Constantinople, the two largest cities of the Roman Empire on the Marmara coast, drew attention as very rich and developed metropoleis in the 3rd and 4th centuries. These two cities, which were successor capitals, also attracted the aristocrats, scholars, orators and statesmen of the period with their cultural environment. The sophist Libanius of Antioch, who lived in both these cities, gives very valuable information about these cities. Orations and letters of Libanius provide quite detailed information on remarkably interesting topics such as friendship relations, local rivalries and factions, schools, educators, social networks and the local policies of the emperors in these two great cities. By putting Libanius in the center, this study aims to show the local relations in Constantinople and Nicomedia in the 4th century, as well as the socio-cultural environment and the differences between these cities. In addition, the contributing factors of the cultural environment that allowed Nicomedia to compete with Constantinople, the new residence of the emperors, until the devastating earthquakes in Nicomedia, were also discussed.
      PubDate: Thu, 04 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
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