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Berkala Arkeologi
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0216-1419 - ISSN (Online) 2548-7132
Published by Balai Arkeologi Yogyakarta Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Cover Volume 42 No. 1 May 2022

    • Authors: Berkala Arkeologi
      PubDate: 2022-07-31
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 1 (2022)
  • Back Cover Volume 42 No. 1 Mei 2022

    • Authors: Berkala Arkeologi
      PubDate: 2022-07-31
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 1 (2022)
  • Preface Volume 42 No. 1 May 2022

    • Authors: Berkala Arkeologi
      PubDate: 2022-07-31
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 1 (2022)
  • Utilization of natural resources in prehistoric times based on
           archaeological findings in Gua Arca, Kangean Island, East Java

    • Authors: nfn. Alifah, Harry Widianto, Mohammad Dziyaul Fikriy Arrozain, Rizka Purnamasari, Yuni Suniarti, Mirza Ansyori
      Pages: 1 - 16
      Abstract: This paper discusses the exploration and utilization of natural resources by a cave-dwelling community. Data was obtained from the excavation at Gua Arca site in Kangean Island, Sumenep, East Java. The results from ecofact analysis and micro-botanical residue analysis on artifacts show the adaptation pattern of the inhabitants of this island by optimizing the exploration of terrestrial and marine resources. During the early occupancy period of c. 6000 BP, there was a fairly dominant use of terrestrial resources, indicated by open forest animal remains, such as Cervidae, Bovidae, Macaca sp., as well as small animals, such as Cercopithecidae, Rodentia, and Varanidae. In the later period of c. 900 BP, the exploitation of natural resources shifted to marine resources, which mainly from the mangrove forest and intertidal zones. Plant utilization was indicated by the presence of wild bananas, wild rice, coconuts, tubers, and the intensive use of Zingiberaceae plants.
      PubDate: 2022-07-31
      DOI: 10.30883/jba.v42i2.955
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 1 (2022)
  • Identification of potential cave occupation sites on the western part of
           the karstic Rembang Zone

    • Authors: Hari Wibowo, Ahmad Surya Ramadhan, Muhammad Wishnu Wibisono, Rakhmat Dwi Putra
      Pages: 17 - 36
      Abstract: The karst area in Pati and Grobogan is the western segment of the Rembang Zone on the northern karst of Java which has not been studied intensively by the archaeologists. This article describes the potential cave occupation sites in the karst area of Pati and Grobogan. Data for this article was collected through field surveys and analysed using a qualitative and quantitative methods. The qualitative method served as data filters before the quantitative analysis. The quantitative method was applied to rank the observed objects based on the variables of accessibility, morphological, and archaeological data. The results demonstrate that the karst segment in Pati, especially in the Sukolilo subdistrict, has a higher potential than the karst area in Rembang and Grobogan. Out of the 29 caves surveyed, five are archaeologically potential as prehistoric settlements. Of the five caves, only one cave is ranked as having high potential and the rest is ranked as medium potential. Regarding their location, the five caves with archaeological potential are scattered along the north side of the karst hills of the Pati Regency area.
      PubDate: 2022-07-31
      DOI: 10.30883/jba.v42i1.979
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 1 (2022)
  • The signification of paramita teachings in Jatakamala reliefs at Candi
           Borobudur: Semiotic perspective

    • Authors: So Tju Shinta Lee, Agus Aris Munandar
      Pages: 37 - 56
      Abstract: This paper examines how the Jatakamala reliefs at Candi Borobudur represent the teachings of six perfections (sat-paramita), the social roles of the main characters, and the universal values in the stories. This research is necessary as previous studies do not provide adequate analyses on how Jatakamala is associated with the practice of perfections. By integrating three data components: the reliefs, the manuscript, and the sutras on six perfections, this study employed pragmatic semiotics by Charles Sanders Peirce to identify the perfection(s) in five Jatakamala stories. Thematic analysis was employed to discern social roles and universal messages in 14 stories. Application of Peirce's triadic shows that each story represents multiple perfections. The main characters in Jatakamala play an active social role and tackle issues in society through actions and exemplification. Jatakamala also contains universal values as a means for learning and education.
      PubDate: 2022-07-31
      DOI: 10.30883/jba.v42i2.963
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 1 (2022)
  • The meaning and function of the ox-shaped stone tub at Batu Banteng Site,
           Situbondo, East Java

    • Authors: Rakai Hino Galeswangi
      Pages: 57 - 78
      Abstract: The ox-shaped stone tub found at Batu Banteng Site, Selobanteng, Banyuglugur, Sitobondo, East Java has a distinctive feature in the form of inscription dated 1325 Śaka (1403 CE). This article aims to explain the meaning and function of the stone tub through qualitative research method comprises of literature study as well as transliteration and translation of the inscription. The stone tub from the Batu Banteng Site indicates that there was a shift from the original concept of tambragomukha in Mahayana Buddhism to a purification ritual before one enters the mandala kadewaguruan.
      PubDate: 2022-07-31
      DOI: 10.30883/jba.v42i1.884
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 1 (2022)
  • Appendix Volume 42 No. 1 Mei 2022

    • Authors: Berkala Arkeologi
      Pages: 81 - 84
      PubDate: 2022-07-31
      Issue No: Vol. 42, No. 1 (2022)
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