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  Subjects -> ARCHAEOLOGY (Total: 300 journals)
Showing 1 - 57 of 57 Journals sorted by number of followers
Cambridge Archaeological Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 88)
Ethnos: Journal of Anthropology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 85)
Journal of Archaeological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 71)
Journal of Anthropological Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69)
European Journal of Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
American Journal of Archaeology     Partially Free   (Followers: 65)
World Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
Acta Archaeologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Oxford Journal of Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Journal of Archaeological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
European Journal of Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Bryn Mawr Classical Review     Open Access   (Followers: 50)
Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 48)
Journal of Social Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Medieval Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Environmental Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
International Journal of Historical Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Antiquity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Archaeometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Journal of Field Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Journal of World Prehistory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Journal of Quaternary Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Archaeological Dialogues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Journal of African History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Near Eastern Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Ancient History and Archaeology     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Studies in Mediterranean Antiquity and Classics     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Ancient Near Eastern Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Archaeology, Ethnology and Anthropology of Eurasia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
International Journal of Nautical Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
American Antiquity     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Archaeological Science : Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Acta Antiqua     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.1, CiteScore: 0)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Roman Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Ancient Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Nottingham Medieval Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Maritime Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Landscapes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Annual of the British School at Athens     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Industrial Archaeology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Economic Anthropology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Geoarchaeology: an International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of the British Archaeological Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
African Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Anthropology & Archeology of Eurasia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Papers of the British School at Rome     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Post-Medieval Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Digital Applications in Archaeology and Cultural Heritage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Bulletin of the History of Archaeology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Internet Archaeology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Conflict Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Archaeology in Oceania     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Archaeologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Cultural Property     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Archaeological Prospection     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Radiocarbon     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Norwegian Archaeological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Britannia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Archeological Papers of The American Anthropological Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Public Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Archaeological Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Arabian Archaeology and Epigraphy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Continuity and Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Ethnoarchaeology : Journal of Archaeological, Ethnographic, and Experimental Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Australian Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
E&G Quaternary Science Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Eastern Mediterranean Archaeology & Heritage Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Paleopathology     Partially Free   (Followers: 10)
Anatolica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Palestine Exploration Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Egyptian History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Open Archaeology Data     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Scottish Archaeological Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Wetland Archaeology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Antiquaries Journal, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Asian Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Ancient History : Resources for Teachers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
ArcheoSciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Antiqua     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Inner Asian Art and Archaeology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Mélanges de l’École française de Rome - Moyen Âge     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Neolithic Archaeology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ancient Asia     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Iranica Antiqua     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Acta Archaeologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.139, CiteScore: 0)
International Journal of Heritage in the Digital Era     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Community Archaeology & Heritage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Rock Art Research: The Journal of the Australian Rock Art Research Association (AURA)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Tel Aviv : Journal of the Institute of Archaeology of Tel Aviv University     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
ArcheoArte. Rivista Elettronica di Archeologia e Arte     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Pacific Archaeology     Free   (Followers: 6)
Azania: Archaeological Research in Africa     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Paléo     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Antiquite Tardive     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Annuaire du Collège de France     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Levant     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Australasian Historical Archaeology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Heritage Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Afrique : Archéologie & Arts     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Science and Technology of Archaeological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Archaeological Reports     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Cognitive Historiography     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Yorkshire Archaeological Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Akroterion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Time and Mind     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Bulletin du centre d’études médiévales d’Auxerre     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
North American Archaeologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
The Journal of the Australasian Institute for Maritime Archaeology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Contemporary Archaeology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Hortus Artium Medievalium     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Liber Annuus     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Northeast Historical Archaeology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archaeological Research in Asia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Archaeofauna     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Open Journal of Archaeometry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Lithic Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Islamic Archaeology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Archeomatica     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Exchange     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Hispania Epigraphica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Dotawo : A Journal of Nubian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Revue archéologique de l'Est     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Lithic Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Iraq     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Proceedings of the Danish Institute at Athens     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
BABesch - Bulletin Antieke Beschaving     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Antipoda : Revista de Antropología y Arqueología     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Studia Celtica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Estudios de Cultura Maya     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Quaternaire     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Speleology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal for the History of Engineering and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Revue d'Égyptologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Δελτίον Χριστιανικής Αρχαιολογικής Εταιρείας     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Les Cahiers de l’École du Louvre     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Zooarchaeology / Zooarchéologie canadienne     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
PaleoAmerica : A Journal of Early Human Migration and Dispersal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cartagine. Studi e Ricerche     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Karthago     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Documenta Praehistorica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
California Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arqueología de la Arquitectura     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Complutum     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revue Archéologique de l’Ouest     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Trabajos de Prehistoria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Artefact : the journal of the Archaeological and Anthropological Society of Victoria     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
AntropoWebzin     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Estudios Atacameños     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Biourbanism     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Catalan Historical Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Australian Cane Grower     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Boletín del Museo Chileno de Arte Precolombino     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Southeastern Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Revista del Museo de Antropología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Prehistoria y Arqueología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Memorias. Revista Digital de Historia y Arqueologia desde el Caribe     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Boletim do Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi. Ciências Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Siècles     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archivo Español de Arqueología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Palaeoindian Archaeology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ñawpa Pacha : Journal of Andean Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Layers. Archeologia Territorio Contesti     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Virtual Archaeology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Historical Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Florentia Iliberritana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Restauro Archeologico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue d’Alsace     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Préhistoires méditerranéennes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
La zaranda de ideas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dissertationes Archaeologicae     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Les Nouvelles de l'archéologie     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
SAGVNTVM. Papeles del Laboratorio de Arqueología de Valencia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue d'Histoire des Textes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Geochronometria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Glacial Archaeology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Revue archéologique du Centre de la France     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archaeologiai Értesitö     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.112, CiteScore: 0)
Archipel     Open Access  
ROMVLA     Open Access  
SCIRES-IT : SCIentific RESearch and Information Technology     Open Access  
The Midden     Open Access  
Balcanica Posnaniensia Acta et studia     Open Access  
Ausgrabungen und Funde in Westfalen-Lippe     Open Access  
Archäologische Informationen     Open Access  
Revista Atlántica-Mediterránea de Prehistoria y Arqueología Social     Open Access  
Cadernos do LEPAARQ     Open Access  
Journal of African Diaspora Archaeology and Heritage     Hybrid Journal  
Zephyrvs     Open Access  
Revista Memorare     Open Access  
Chronique des activités archéologiques de l'École française de Rome     Open Access  
Scripta Ethnologica     Open Access  
Transfers     Full-text available via subscription  
LANX: Rivista della Scuola di Specializzazione in Archeologia     Open Access  

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of Cognitive Historiography
Number of Followers: 5  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 2051-9672 - ISSN (Online) 2051-9680
Published by Equinox Publishing Homepage  [28 journals]
  • The Year the World Became a Cognitive Historiographical Lab En Plein Air

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Leonardo Ambasciano, Nickolas P. Roubekas
      Pages: 5–21 - 5–21
      PubDate: 2022-01-06
      DOI: 10.1558/jch.20685
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1-2 (2022)
       
  • Aelius Aristides’ Sacred Tales

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      Authors: Olympia Panagiotidou
      Pages: 22–4 - 22–4
      Abstract: Aelius Aristides’ Sacred Tales, composed in the 2nd century CE, is considered a unique literary work, in which the author claimed to have recorded the dreams he had received from Asclepius over a long period of time. Modern historians explore the value of the Sacred Tales both as a literary work and as a personal oneiric record of actual dreaming experiences. In this article, I take into account the modern insights offered by the embodied human cognition paradigm in order explore the possible long-term influence and repercussions of the Sacred Tales on the readers’ imagination and dreaming experiences. In particular, I suggest that Aristides’ oneiric descriptions would have been meta-represented in the readers’ minds upon reading the text, priming specific images, representations, mental, and emotional states as well as expectations about potential divine revelations during the ritual of incubation. Later, those readers who would find themselves in similar bodily, mental, and emotional conditions like the ones experienced and described by Aristides, could have implicitly used the primed representations for meta-representing a personal epiphany of Asclepius. Thereby, the Sacred Tales would have provided the raw material to feed the readers’ imaginative simulations and to elicit a personally meaningful divine revelation.
      PubDate: 2022-01-06
      DOI: 10.1558/jch.33225
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1-2 (2022)
       
  • Writing as Thinking in Paul’s Letters

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      Authors: Paul Robertson
      Pages: 41–6 - 41–6
      Abstract: This article uses findings from cognitive sciences and neuroscience to detail the unique brain processes that stem from writing texts by hand. Such findings are described and then applied to the case of the Christian apostle Paul, whose letters – penned by Paul himself and/or via a scribe – are often used as evidence in reconstructions of early Christian social contexts. An attention to the findings from cognitive sciences and neuroscience around what I term “handwriting-thinking”, however, demonstrates a significant difference between the cognitive processes of Paul as author and the cognitive processes of his audience, who would have typically been exposed to Paul’s letters aurally. This difference in cognitive processes between Paul and his audience significantly problematizes the usage of Paul’s letters as evidence for his audience’s understanding of his letters and the concepts therein. More broadly, an attention to the embodied cognition of handwriting-thinking demonstrates differences in conceptual understandings between historical text-producers and their audiences, suggesting that we should focus more on individual text producers and their contexts instead of audiences.
      PubDate: 2022-01-06
      DOI: 10.1558/jch.38213
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1-2 (2022)
       
  • DEATH IS SLEEP

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      Authors: Lilith Apostel
      Pages: 65–9 - 65–9
      Abstract: In ancient Egypt, both textual and archaeological sources point to a tie between sleep and death. This connection takes different shapes such as the usage of beds and headrests in burials, the role of the sun in beliefs about the afterlife and the linkage between the netherworld and the world of dreams. It is argued here that the complementary conceptual metaphors death is sleep and awakening is resurrection allow for a unitary explanation of these observations. The theoretical background of conceptual metaphor and conceptual blending offers a useful approach to elucidate past imaginations due to its grounding in embodied realism. By recognizing material and multimodal metaphors in Egyptians burial customs, the infusion of magical agency into funerary rituals can be better understood. Especially the headrest acquired a reputation as an aid in entering the afterlife through a conflation of several layers of symbolism, thereby touching upon the mental, bodily and social aspect of religion.
      PubDate: 2022-01-06
      DOI: 10.1558/jch.21163
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1-2 (2022)
       
  • How Complex were Ancient Societies and Religions'

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      Authors: Maik Patzelt
      Pages: 98–1 - 98–1
      Abstract: Whitehouse et al. (2019) recently concluded their groundbreaking big-data historical research by stating that “moralizing gods” followed in the wake of early increases in social complexity, rather than preceding and paving the way for such increases. According to these results, it was doctrinal (group) rituals that helped facilitate an increase in social complexity and (religious) identity. The idea of a “supernatural punishment” came later, helping to maintain the existing cooperation in societies once those societies reached a certain size. However, the focus on big data in the pursuit of these questions runs the risks of leading to oversimplifications and presuppositions. I will draw on examples from Roman religion that appear in the Seshat dataset to illustrate some critical points, and will point out some problems concerning cooperation and social complexity that follow from the way in which the historical evidence is handled and, thus, merged into the databank.
      PubDate: 2022-01-06
      DOI: 10.1558/jch.39573
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1-2 (2022)
       
  • Some Remarks on Whitehouse et al. (2019), “Complex Societies Precede
           Moralizing Gods throughout World History”

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      Authors: Franziska Naether
      Pages: 113– - 113–
      Abstract: This contribution reviews the methods behind historical data-gathering and data-coding in the Seshat Databank and the results illustrated in Whitehouse et al.’s (2019) “Complex Societies Precede Moralizing Gods throughout World History.” Particular emphasis is placed on data from Ancient Egypt and Roman periods. Critical reflections on the moralizing gods debate are also presented. The conclusions call for more integration between already existing projects within the Digital Humanities and warn researchers of the pitfalls of inattentive historical and qualitative analysis in Big Data scholarship.
      PubDate: 2022-01-06
      DOI: 10.1558/jch.39578
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1-2 (2022)
       
  • Big Gods and Big Rituals

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      Authors: Jörg Rüpke
      Pages: 122– - 122–
      Abstract: This short article reviews recent claims made about large-scale rituals and moralizing gods for the formation of large-scale societies. It starts from a reconstruction of the actual contents of the claims made in very different forms and wording and points to the very vague suggestions about causal relationships or chronological coincidence. Against these claims, three main arguments are advanced. First, it is difficult to formulate a model of trans-locally standardized rituals that would be able to keep together trans-local societies without the existence of secondary media, above all writing, which would be an even more important factor in processes of homogenization. Secondly, historically religion can be shown to serve as frequently for stabilizing distinction and dissent as for producing unity. Thirdly and finally, the very possibility of an exhaustive and stable classificatory grid across cultures and epochs is questioned. In a brief final case study, the lack of adequate descriptors in the database under review is demonstrated for ancient Rome.
      PubDate: 2022-01-06
      DOI: 10.1558/jch.39885
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1-2 (2022)
       
  • Homo anxius, or How Fear and Anxiety Conquered the Social World

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      Authors: Leonardo Ambasciano
      Pages: 130– - 130–
      Abstract: The article offers an extended review, counterpointed by a critical commentary, of two recent and outstanding volumes, Turner et al.’s The Emergence and Evolution of Religion (2018) and Sanderson’s Religious Evolution and the Axial Age (2018). Both books are eminently interdisciplinary in their scope: the first displays a distinctive deep-historical and neurosociological attention to the evolution of negative emotions and inter-group competition, while the latter focuses on the contribution of world transcendent religions to help human beings cope with new and challenging biosocial conditions derived from ultrasociality. While the two volumes gain unprecedented multidisciplinary width, they also tend to lose intra-disciplinary depth. However, and for all their differences, they both represent the vanguard of a renewed qualitative, scientific, and interdisciplinary study of the history of religion(s) through cognitive historiography. This contribution presents the main theses of both books, highlights their strengths, and provides a comprehensive discussion of their epistemological and methodological shortcomings.
      PubDate: 2022-01-06
      DOI: 10.1558/jch.19349
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1-2 (2022)
       
  • Homines Emotionales and Religion as an Evolutionary Exaptation

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      Authors: Anders Klostergaard Petersen, Jonathan H. Turner, Armin W. Geertz, Alexandra Maryanski
      Pages: 157– - 157–
      Abstract: This article offers a critical reply to Leonardo Ambasciano’s commentary on our volume (Turner et al. 2018) available in this same issue of the Journal of Cognitive Historiography.
      PubDate: 2022-01-06
      DOI: 10.1558/jch.19353
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1-2 (2022)
       
  • Book Reviewers and Their Victims

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      Authors: Stephen K. Sanderson
      Pages: 172– - 172–
      Abstract: The article offers a rebuttal to Ambasciano’s commentary on my book Religious Evolution and the Axial Age (Sanderson 2018) included in this same issue of the Journal of Cognitive Historiography. Ambasciano gets much of my overall argument right, but on many specifics misunderstands or misrepresents me and others. One of his most consequential misrepresentations is his charge that I offer a kind of panadaptationism. I am an adaptationist, but certainly not a panadaptationist. I freely concede that there are elements of religion that cannot be regarded as adaptations. Connected to this point, Ambasciano contends that adaptationism is not the default starting point for evolutionary analysis and recommends instead the evolutionism of Stephen Jay Gould – the “gold standard” of evolutionary theory, Ambasciano believes—which holds that most evolutionary change consists of constrained by-products. But Ambasciano fails to recognize that Gould is an odd-man-out among evolutionists, most of whom emphasize natural selection and adaptation.
      PubDate: 2022-01-06
      DOI: 10.1558/jch.19354
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1-2 (2022)
       
  • A Reply to Nichols’ “The Unfulfilled Promise of Cross-Cultural,
           Interdisciplinary Ancient History”

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      Authors: G. E. R. Lloyd
      Pages: 191– - 191–
      Abstract: A critical reply to Ryan Nichols’ commentary on my book The Ambivalences of Rationality: Ancient and Modern Cross-Cultural Explorations (2018) published in this issue of the Journal of Cognitive Historiography.
      PubDate: 2022-01-06
      DOI: 10.1558/jch.19549
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1-2 (2022)
       
  • Shamanism Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow

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      Authors: Leonardo Ambasciano
      Pages: 194– - 194–
      Abstract: The present contribution offers a descriptive account of two recent books concerning shamanism, Homayun Sidky’s The Origins of Shamanism, Spirit Beliefs, and Religiosity: A Cognitive Anthropological Perspective (2017) and Sergio Botta’s Dagli sciamani allo sciamanesimo. Discorsi, credenze, pratiche (2018). The commentary starts by supplying a brief historical contextualization of the subfield of shamanic studies in both Anthropology and the History of Religions, highlighting the main trends and widespread approaches. Sidky’s neurocognitive account and Botta’s poststructural historiographical walk-through are then taken into consideration and reviewed. The conclusions under-score the need for an integration between these two perspectives and urge cognitive historians to collaborate with like-minded anthropologists in order to further the study of shamanism and prevent the subfield from becoming de novo monopolized by paranormal and postmodern anthropology.
      PubDate: 2022-01-06
      DOI: 10.1558/jch.21151
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1-2 (2022)
       
  • The Study of Religion in Anthropology

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      Authors: H. Sidky
      Pages: 217– - 217–
      Abstract: The present article examines the pervasiveness of non-scientific/anti-scientific hermeneutical perspectives in the study of religion in anthropology, tracing their foundations to the works of Mircea Eliade and Clifford Geertz. Pseudo- and anti-scientific approaches have also been bolstered by a long-standing paranormalism in anthropology championed by Margaret Mead and others. Hermeneutical/interpretive approaches, which emphasize the insider’s perspective and treat religion as an independent variable, have not only hampered scientific studies of religious phenomena, but they have also enabled the development of approaches advocating paranormal beliefs and religious supernaturalism as scholarship. The article concludes by highlighting the problematic nature of these non-scientific and pro-paranormal and religious perspectives as scholarly enterprises.
      PubDate: 2022-01-06
      DOI: 10.1558/jch.41062
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1-2 (2022)
       
  • Towards a Renewed Definition of Shamanism

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      Authors: Sergio Botta
      Pages: 229– - 229–
      Abstract: The present reply offers some reflections on Leonardo Ambasciano’s commentary entitled Shamanism Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow and included in this same issue of Journal of Cognitive Historiography. A particular point of contention is represented by the potential contribution that a post-structural approach could offer to a scientific re-description of shamanism as an analytical category in the contemporary academic field of Religious Studies.
      PubDate: 2022-01-06
      DOI: 10.1558/jch.21153
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1-2 (2022)
       
  • Mythohistory in Light of How Memory Works

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      Authors: Elizabeth Wayland Barber, Paul T. Barber
      Pages: 236– - 236–
      Abstract: “Myths” did not start as quaint stories but as compellingly memorable devices to record events and observations in nonliterate societies. By understanding how people encoded information so as to maximize their brains’ abilities to remember, we can begin to extract at least some historical information from these inherited tales. But not all oral tradition is directly useful to historians because not all the information thus recorded is of events, and the clarity of the events diminishes radically as the lifestyle and especially the location of the storytellers change.
      PubDate: 2022-01-06
      DOI: 10.1558/jch.21154
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1-2 (2022)
       
  • Thinking Outside the Altruistic Box

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      Authors: Luke J. Matthews
      Pages: 255– - 255–
      Abstract: Two theories currently share prominence as explanations for the near universality of organized religion. Theory 1, the costly signalling hypothesis and its extensions have not to date generated predictions about the central question of why religion is religious; that is, why does religion invoke the gods' Theory 2, supernatural punishment, predicts that religion would be religious, but it requires group selection to stabilize its proposed evolutionary dynamics. We should not immediately dismiss group selection hypotheses, but given its rarity in the rest of nature, asserting group selection in humans requires extraordinary evidentiary support that at present is not enjoyed by the supernatural punishment hypothesis. Researchers studying the evolution of religion should consider more fully alternatives to these two currently popular hypotheses. Alternatives include the hypothesis that standardization of religious rituals and beliefs for signalling social group membership but potentially without group selection, that religion might function primarily for emergence of mutualism rather than prosocial altruism, and that group selection might apply to religious systems only during punctuated bursts of denominational diversification and death.
      PubDate: 2022-01-06
      DOI: 10.1558/jch.39066
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1-2 (2022)
       
  • The Promise and Peril of the Data Deluge for Historians

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      Authors: Gary N. Smith
      Pages: 277– - 277–
      Abstract: Historical analyses are inevitably based on data – documents, fossils, drawings, oral traditions, artifacts, and more. Recently, historians have been urged to embrace the data deluge (Guldi and Armitage 2014) and teams are now systematically assembling large digital collections of historical data that can be used for rigorous statistical analysis (Slingerland and Sullivan 2017; Turchin et al. 2015; Whitehouse et al. 2019; Slingerland et al. 2018–2019). The promise of large, widely accessible databases is the opportunity for rigorous statistical testing of plausible historical models. The peril is the temptation to ransack these databases for heretofore unknown statistical patterns. Statisticians bearing algorithms are a poor substitute for expertise.
      PubDate: 2022-01-06
      DOI: 10.1558/jch.21156
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1-2 (2022)
       
  • The Unfulfilled Promise of Cross-Cultural, Interdisciplinary Ancient
           History

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      Authors: Ryan Nichols
      Pages: 180– - 180–
      Abstract: This commentary focuses on G.E.R. Lloyd’s latest work, Ambivalences of Rationality (2018). The book is summarized chapter by chapter. Criticisms are presented with special attention to Lloyd’s unusual wealth of research from developmental psychology, cross-cultural psychology, anthropology, experimental linguistics and cognitive science. The commentary concludes that Lloyd has done a disservice to cited researchers in the mind sciences who investigate cross-cultural differences.
      PubDate: 2021-11-26
      DOI: 10.1558/jch.39458
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1-2 (2021)
       
 
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