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INSURANCE (26 journals)

Showing 1 - 27 of 27 Journals sorted alphabetically
Annals of Actuarial Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Risk and Insurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Assurances et gestion des risques     Full-text available via subscription  
Astin Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Banks in Insurance Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Blätter der DGVFM     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
British Actuarial Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance - Issues and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Geneva Risk and Insurance Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Health Affairs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 80)
Insurance Markets and Companies     Open Access  
Insurance: Mathematics and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Business Continuity and Risk Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Forensic Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Forensic Engineering and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Health Economics and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Social Security Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal for Labour Market Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Derivatives & Hedge Funds     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Risk and Insurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Risk Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Risk Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Risk Management & Insurance Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Scandinavian Actuarial Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
SourceOECD Finance & Investment/Insurance & Pensions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
The Geneva Reports     Free   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für die gesamte Versicherungswissenschaft     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
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International Journal of Health Economics and Management
Number of Followers: 13  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2199-9023 - ISSN (Online) 2199-9031
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2656 journals]
  • The incidence of the healthcare costs of chronic conditions
    • Abstract: Who pays for the costs of chronic conditions' In this paper, we examine whether 50–64-year old workers covered by employer-sponsored insurance bear healthcare costs of chronic conditions in the form of lower wages. Using a difference-in-differences approach with data from the Health and Retirement Study, we find that workers with chronic diseases receive significantly lower wages than healthy workers when they are covered by employer-sponsored insurance. Our findings suggest that higher healthcare costs of chronic conditions can explain the substantial part of the wage gap between workers with and without chronic diseases.
      PubDate: 2021-05-04
       
  • Impacts of insurance expansion on health cost, health access, and health
           behaviors: evidence from the medicaid expansion in the US
    • Abstract: Expansion of subsidized health insurance may result in both safer and riskier health behavior and outcomes. While having insurance lowers cost barriers to receive both usual and preventive care, the lower potential cost from adverse health events may also promote risky behavior. In this paper, I exploit expansion in the Medicaid program under the Affordable Care Act to estimate the impact of insurance expansion on health outcomes and behaviors for low-income individuals in the US. I find that expansion of coverage has significantly lowered cost and increased access, particularly among minority populations, but has had no significant impact on preventive health behaviors. At the same time, I also find no evidence of moral hazard or increase risky behavior like smoking and drinking among residents of expansion states.
      PubDate: 2021-05-02
       
  • An economic analysis of a wearable patient sensor for preventing
           hospital-acquired pressure injuries among the acutely ill patients
    • Abstract: More than 2.5 million people in the United States develop pressure injuries annually, which are one of the most common complications occurring in hospitals. Despite being common, hospital-acquired pressure injuries (HAPIs) are largely considered preventable by regular patient turning. Although current methodologies to prompt on-time repositioning have limited efficacy, a wearable patient sensor has been shown to optimize turning practices and improve clinical outcomes. The purpose of this study was to assess the cost-effectiveness of patient-wearable sensor in the prevention of HAPIs in acutely ill patients when compared to standard practice alone. A decision analytic model was developed to simulate the expected costs and outcomes from the payer’s perspective using data from published literature, including a recently published randomized controlled trial. Both univariate and probabilistic sensitivity analysis were conducted. The patient-wearable sensor was found to be cost saving (dominant). It resulted in better clinical outcomes (77% reduction in HAPIs) compared to standard care and an expected cost savings of $6,621 per patient over a one-year period. Applying the model to a cohort of 1,000 patients, an estimated 203 HAPIs would be avoided with annualized cost reduction of $6,222,884 through all patient treatment settings. The probabilistic analysis returned similar results. In conclusion, the patient-wearable sensor was found to be cost-effective in the prevention of HAPIs and cost-saving to payers and hospitals. These results suggest that patient-wearable sensors should be considered as a cost-effective alternative to standard care in the prevention of HAPIs.
      PubDate: 2021-04-09
       
  • Non-profit hospital mergers: the effect on healthcare costs and
           utilization
    • Abstract: I use a 2010 non-profit hospital merger in Ohio to study the effect of market concentration on market outcomes. Using the Synthetic Control Method and Truven MarketScan data, I document three findings. First, courts are lenient to non-profit mergers, and I cast doubt on this practice by showing that the studied merger led to a 123% increase in the payments for inpatient childbirth services. Second, I provide the first empirical evidence for the conjecture that mergers increase out-of-pocket payments and reduce the utilization of care. Last, I show that the effect of market power on market outcomes is asymmetric: the increase in payments and welfare loss created by a merger persist after the merger is rescinded. Thus, even successful FTC challenges may not revert the effect of harmful mergers, and it is essential to deny such mergers before they proceed.
      PubDate: 2021-04-05
       
  • The impact of the non-essential business closure policy on Covid-19
           infection rates
    • Abstract: In response to the Covid-19 pandemic, many localities instituted non-essential business closure orders, keeping individuals categorized as essential workers at the frontlines while sending their non-essential counterparts home. We examine the extent to which being designated as an essential or non-essential worker impacts one’s risk of being Covid-positive following the non-essential business closure order in Pennsylvania. We also assess the intrahousehold transmission risk experienced by their cohabiting family members and roommates. Using a difference-in-differences framework, we estimate that workers designated as essential have a 55% higher likelihood of being positive for Covid-19 than those classified as non-essential; in other words, non-essential workers experience a protective effect. While members of the health care and social assistance subsector contribute significantly to this overall effect, it is not completely driven by them. We also find evidence of intrahousehold transmission that differs in intensity by essential status. Dependents cohabiting with an essential worker have a 17% higher likelihood of being Covid-positive compared to those cohabiting with a non-essential worker. Roommates cohabiting with an essential worker experience a 38% increase in likelihood of being Covid-positive. Analysis of households with a Covid-positive member suggests that intrahousehold transmission is an important mechanism driving these effects.
      PubDate: 2021-04-01
       
  • Determinants of prepaid systems of healthcare financing: a worldwide
           country-level perspective
    • Abstract: In this paper we examine determinants of prepaid modes of health care financing in a worldwide cross-country perspective. We use three different indicators to capture the role of prepaid modes in health care financing: (i) the share of total prepaid financing as percent of total current health expenditures, (ii) the share of voluntary prepaid financing as percent of total prepaid financing, and (iii) the share of compulsory health insurance as percent of total compulsory prepaid financing. In the econometric analysis, we refer to a panel data set comprising 154 countries and covering the time period 2000–2015. We apply a static as well as a dynamic panel data model. We find that the current structure of prepaid financing is significantly determined by its different forms in the past. The significant influence of GDP per capita, governmental revenues, the agricultural value added, development assistance for health, degree of urbanization and regulatory quality varies depending on the financing structure we look at. The share of the elderly and the education level are only of minor importance for explaining the variation in a country’s share of prepaid health care financing. The importance of the mentioned variables as determinants for prepaid health care financing also varies depending on the countries’ socio-economic development. From our analysis we conclude that more detailed information on indicators which reflect the distribution of individual characteristics (such as income, family size and structure and health risks) within a country’s population would be needed to gain deeper insight into the decisive determinants for prepaid health care financing.
      PubDate: 2021-03-31
       
  • Wealth and the utilization of long-term care services: evidence from the
           United States
    • Abstract: Long-term care (LTC) provision and financing has become a major challenge for policymakers in the United States and worldwide. To inform associated policies and more efficiently allocate LTC resources, it is important to understand how demand for different types of LTC services responds to increased wealth. We use data from the United States Health and Retirement Study to examine the use of LTC services following plausibly exogenous positive shocks to wealth. We further account for time-invariant household-level characteristics, including the expectation of a wealth shock at an unknown future time, by employing household fixed effects. We find that large positive wealth shocks lead to a greater probability of purchase of paid home care but not of nursing home care. Our results imply that expanding home and community-based services and insurance coverage of home care for people without sufficient wealth is likely to be efficient and welfare improving and should be considered by policymakers.Please confirm if the author names are presented accurately and in the correct sequence (given name, middle name/initial, family name). Author 4 Given name: [R. Tamara] Last name: [Konetzka]. Also, kindly confirm the details in the metadata are correct.confirmedPlease confirm the city are correct and amend if necessary in Affiliations 1, 2, 3, 4.confirmed
      PubDate: 2021-03-30
       
  • Public–private differentials in health care delivery: the case of
           cesarean deliveries in Algeria
    • Abstract: Akin to other developing countries, Algeria has witnessed an increasing role of the private health sector in the past two decades. Our study sheds light on the public–private overlap and the phenomenon of physician dual practice in the provision of health care services using the particular case of cesarean deliveries in Algeria. Existing studies have reported that, compared to the public sector, delivering in a private health facility increases the risk of enduring a cesarean section. While confirming this result for the case of Algeria, our study also reveals the existence of public–private differentials in the effect of medical variables on the probability of cesarean delivery. After controlling for selection in both sectors, we show that cesarean deliveries in the private sector tend to be less medically justified compared with those taking place in the public sector, thus, potentially leading to maternal and neonatal health problems. As elsewhere, the contribution of the private health sector to the unmet need for health care in Algeria hinges on an appropriate legal framework that better coordinates the activities of the two sectors and reinforces their complementarity.
      PubDate: 2021-03-30
       
  • Geographic variation in Part B reimbursement and physician offsetting
           behavior: a physician matching approach
    • Abstract: Historically, Medicare has operated under the assumption that providers respond to reductions in reimbursement through increased provision of services in an effort to offset declining practice revenue; however, some recent empirical work examining fee reductions has found evidence of either small offsetting effects or reductions in the quantity supplied. Using a distance matching approach that matches practices to nearby practices that are subject to different reimbursement rates, we find overall evidence in support of Medicare’s offsetting assumption collectively for all services and for evaluation and management services. We also find evidence consistent with a traditional volume response for imaging and testing services.
      PubDate: 2021-03-18
       
  • Cost-efficiency in the patient centered medical home model: New evidence
           from federally qualified health centers
    • Abstract: This research analyzes the cost-efficiency of the Patient Centered Medical Home (PCMH) model vis-à-vis the traditional care delivery model in the Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHC). We apply the three-stage least squares modeling approach on 2014 UDS data on all FQHCs to estimate per-visit and per-patient cost functions. Log-quadratic and linear-quadratic functional forms of cost are used for the analysis. The estimated models reveal substantial scale economies and cost advantages associated with PCMH status. Aggregate cost-saving impact of PCMH across all FQHCs in 2014 is estimated to be $1.05 billion. Simulations reveal that the PCMH impact on cost savings grows with the size of the patient population. Reaching the full cost-saving potential in PCMH-recognized FQHCs hinges on expanding the health workforce at all levels of care to meet the need of the growing patient population due to aging and Medicaid expansion. For FQHCs that are not PCMH-recognized, capacity/infrastructural expansion appears to be the immediate policy choice.
      PubDate: 2021-02-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s10754-021-09295-5
       
  • The association of insurance plan characteristics with physician
           patient-sharing network structure
    • Abstract: Professional and social connections among physicians impact patient outcomes, but little is known about how characteristics of insurance plans are associated with physician patient-sharing network structure. We use information from commercially insured enrollees in the 2011 Massachusetts All Payer Claims Database to construct and examine the structure of the physician patient-sharing network using standard and novel social network measures. Using regression analysis, we examine the association of physician patient-sharing network measures with an indicator of whether a patient is enrolled in a health maintenance organization (HMO) or preferred provider organization (PPO), controlling for patient and insurer characteristics and observed health status. We find patients enrolled in HMOs see physicians who are more central and densely embedded in the patient-sharing network. We find HMO patients see PCPs who refer to specialists who are less globally central, even as these specialists are more locally central. Our analysis shows there are small but significant differences in physician patient-sharing network as experienced by patients with HMO versus PPO insurance. Understanding connections between physicians is essential and, similar to previous findings, our results suggest policy choices in the insurance and delivery system that change physician connectivity may have important implications for healthcare delivery, utilization and costs.
      PubDate: 2021-02-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s10754-021-09296-4
       
  • Impact of community-based health insurance on utilisation of preventive
           health services in rural Uganda: a propensity score matching approach
    • Abstract: The effect of voluntary health insurance on preventive health has received limited research attention in developing countries, even when they suffer immensely from easily preventable illnesses. This paper surveys households in rural south-western Uganda, which are geographically serviced by a voluntary Community-based health insurance scheme, and applied propensity score matching to assess the effect of enrolment on using mosquito nets and deworming under-five children. We find that enrolment in the scheme increased the probability of using a mosquito net by 26% and deworming by 18%. We postulate that these findings are partly mediated by information diffusion and social networks, financial protection, which gives households the capacity to save and use service more, especially curative services that are delivered alongside preventive services. This paper provides more insight into the broader effects of health insurance in developing countries, beyond financial protection and utilisation of hospital-based services.
      PubDate: 2021-02-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s10754-021-09294-6
       
  • Choice, quality and patients’ experience: evidence from a Finnish
           physiotherapy service
    • Abstract: We study the relationship between patient choices and provider quality in a rehabilitation service for disabled patients who receive the service frequently but do not have access to quality information. Previous research has found a positive relationship between patient choices and provider quality in health services that patients typically do not have previous experience or use frequently. We contribute by examining choices of new patients and experienced patients who were either forced to switch or actively switched their provider. In the analysis, we combine register data on patients’ choices and switches with provider quality data from a competitive bidding, and estimate conditional logit choice models. The results show that all patients prefer high-quality providers within short distances. We find that the willingness to travel for quality is highest among new patients and active switchers. These results suggest that new patients and active switchers compare different alternatives more thoroughly, whereas forced switchers choose their new provider in limited time leading into poorer choices.
      PubDate: 2021-01-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s10754-020-09293-z
       
  • Do companies in the pharmaceutical supply chain earn excess returns'
    • Abstract: Rising drug spending has led to increased calls to curtail drug costs. However, it is unclear where to target policy solutions. We estimated excess returns (the extent to which a firm’s profits are higher than expected given the risk associated with their investments) for manufacturers and middlemen in the pharmaceutical supply chain to determine who is making excessive profits. Excess returns were calculated as the difference between return on invested capital and the expected returns given risk, which is known as the weighted average cost of capital. We compared excess returns for manufacturers and middlemen to the average for S&P 500 companies. We find that both manufacturers and middlemen have higher excess returns in 2013–2018 compared with the S&P 500. However, if we treat research and development (R&D) as an investment rather than an expense, we find that excess returns for pharmaceutical manufacturers are lower than the S&P 500 (1.7% vs. 3.6%), but biotech manufacturers (9.6%), wholesalers (8.1%), and insurers/PBM/retailers (5.9%) continue to have significantly higher excess returns compared to the S&P 500. Our findings suggest public policies that promote competition in all areas of the pharmaceutical supply chain are important avenues for curtailing drug spending.
      PubDate: 2021-01-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s10754-020-09291-1
       
  • Socioeconomic inequality in tobacco use in Kenya: a concentration analysis
    • Abstract: This paper aims at assessing and exploring socioeconomic inequalities in tobacco use in Kenya. Using the theory of fundamental causes, and concentration index, we investigate the determinants of tobacco use, and whether it disproportionately affects the poor. All data used in this study emanated from the 2014 Global Adult Tobacco Survey implemented in Kenya on a nationally representative sample of men and women aged 15 years and older. Our results suggest a link between tobacco use and socioeconomic inequality. Overall, poorer households are more affected by tobacco use than richer households. This socioeconomic inequality is more evident among men and households living in urban areas. The decomposition of the concentration index indicates that the overall socioeconomic inequality for current tobacco smokers is explained by 69.11% of household wealth. To reduce the prevalence rate of smoking in Kenya, policymakers could design and implement tobacco control programs through the equity lens. Community health workers could be used to promote non-smoking behaviors among the poor.
      PubDate: 2021-01-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s10754-020-09292-0
       
  • Implementation of personalized medicine in a context of moral hazard and
           uncertainty about treatment efficacy
    • Abstract: This paper analyzes the decision of a health authority to implement personalized medicine. We consider a model in which the health authority has three possibilities. It can apply either the same treatment (a standard or a new treatment) to the whole population or implement personalized medicine, i.e., use genetic information to offer the most suitable treatment to each patient. We first characterize the drug reimbursement contract of a firm producing a new treatment with a companion genetic test when the firm can undertake an effort to improve drug quality. Then, we determine the conditions under which personalized medicine should be implemented when this effort is observable and when it is not. Finally, we show how the unobservability of effort affects the conditions under which the health authority implements personalized medicine.
      PubDate: 2020-11-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s10754-020-09290-2
       
  • Growth and welfare in mixed health system financing with physician dual
           practice in a developing economy: a case of Indonesia
    • Abstract: Based on Indonesia’s hybrid BPJS Kesehatan health system, we analyze for welfare-optimal government financing strategy in an economy with a mixed health system using an endogenous growth framework with physician dual practice. We find the model solution to produce two vastly different regimes in terms of policy implications: a “high” public-sector congestion regime as in the benchmark case of Indonesia, and a “low” public-sector congestion, high capacity regime. In the former, welfare-optimal health financing strategy appears to be promoting private health service. In contrast, in the low-congestion, high capacity regime, a welfare-optimal strategy is to do the opposite of increasing government physician wage at the expense of private health subsidy. These results highlight the importance of developing a benchmarking system that measures the actual degree of congestion faced by the public health service in a developing economy, as it ultimately would influence the optimal health financing strategy to be pursued.
      PubDate: 2020-11-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s10754-020-09289-9
       
  • From downcoding to upcoding: DRG based payment in hospitals
    • Abstract: A prospective disease group-based payment is a reimbursement rule used in a wide array of countries. It turns to be the hospital’s payment rule to imply. The secret of this payment is a fee payment as well as a hospital’s activity based payment. There is a consensus to consider this rule of payment as the least likely to be manipulated by the actors. However, the defined fee per group depends on recorded information that is then processed using complex algorithms. What if the data itself can be manipulated' The result would be a fee per group based on manipulated factors that would lead to an inefficient budget allocation between hospitals. Using a unique French longitudinal database with 145 million stays, I unambiguously demonstrate that the implementation of a finer classification led to an upcoding-learning effect. The end result has been a budget transfer from public non-research hospitals to for-profit hospitals. The 2009 policy lead to upcoding disconnected from any changes in the trend of production of care.
      PubDate: 2020-10-31
      DOI: 10.1007/s10754-020-09287-x
       
  • National health insurance and the choice of delivery facility among
           expectant mothers in Ghana
    • Abstract: The effectiveness of health insurance in removing barriers to the utilisation of maternal healthcare in order to curb maternal mortality especially in developing countries is gaining ground. However, in assessing the effects of health insurance on choice of delivery facilities, previous studies either put all delivery services together and used binary techniques or failed to address endogeneity problem. Moreover, the age of data used for such analysis in Ghana may not tell a convincing story. This study used data from the 2014 to 2008 Ghana Demographic and Health Surveys with a sample of 6319 women and employed multinomial endogenous treatment effects models with Conditional Mixed Process estimator to examine the effects of national health insurance scheme (NHIS) on the choice delivery facility in Ghana. We found that NHIS has varied effects on the use of delivery services across service providers in the health system. Relative to home delivery services, being insured increases the probability of using public hospitals, public clinics and private health facilities for delivery by 20.3 percent, 9.1 percent and 2.3 percent respectively. Moreover, relative to an insured woman who gave birth before 2008, her counterpart who gave birth after 2008 is 6.3 percent, 4.9 percent and 0.77 percent more likely to use public hospitals, public clinics and private health facilities respectively for delivery.
      PubDate: 2020-10-30
      DOI: 10.1007/s10754-020-09288-w
       
  • Aging out of dependent coverage and the effects on the use of inpatient
           medical care
    • Abstract: We investigate the impact of losing health insurance coverage at age 26 due to aging out of the Affordable Care Act’s dependent coverage on health insurance coverage rates and various indicators of inpatient medical care. We find that the probability of being covered under any type of health insurance plan decreases by 2.5–6.2 percentage points at age 26. However, the effects of this discrete change in health insurance coverage on inpatient medical care and related costs are insignificant.
      PubDate: 2020-09-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s10754-020-09285-z
       
 
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