Subjects -> MANUFACTURING AND TECHNOLOGY (Total: 363 journals)
    - CERAMICS, GLASS AND POTTERY (31 journals)
    - MACHINERY (34 journals)
    - MANUFACTURING AND TECHNOLOGY (223 journals)
    - METROLOGY AND STANDARDIZATION (6 journals)
    - PACKAGING (19 journals)
    - PAINTS AND PROTECTIVE COATINGS (4 journals)
    - PLASTICS (42 journals)
    - RUBBER (4 journals)

PLASTICS (42 journals)

Showing 1 - 39 of 39 Journals sorted by number of followers
Journal of Applied Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 134)
Polymer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 88)
European Polymer Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Plastic and Polymer Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 40)
Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Additives for Polymers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Reinforced Plastics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Polymer Engineering & Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Polymer Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
ACS Applied Polymer Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Chinese Journal of Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Acta Polymerica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Inorganic and Organometallic Polymers and Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Polymer Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Polymer Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Polymeric Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Polymer Science Part C : Polymer Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Polymer-Plastics Technology and Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advanced Industrial and Engineering Polymer Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Polymer Science Series B     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Polymer Science, Series A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Polymer Science Series C     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Polymer Science Series D     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Iranian Journal of Polymer Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Progress in Rubber, Plastics and Recycling Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Microplastics and Nanoplastics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
High Performance Polymers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Polymers and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Polymer Processing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Plastic Film and Sheeting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Plastics Engineering     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Polymers from Renewable Resources     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Biobased Plastics     Open Access  
Polymers and Polymer Composites     Hybrid Journal  
SPE Polymers     Open Access  
Majalah Kulit, Karet, dan Plastik     Open Access  
Cirugia Plastica Ibero-Latinoamericana     Open Access  
Journal of Elastomers and Plastics     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Cellular Plastics     Hybrid Journal  
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Journal of Elastomers and Plastics
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.272
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 0  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0095-2443 - ISSN (Online) 1530-8006
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1174 journals]
  • A design of experiment study to investigate the effects of hardener
           concentration, stirring time, and air bubbles on the tensile strength of
           epoxy resin

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      Authors: Ramanan Sritharan, Davood Askari
      Abstract: Journal of Elastomers & Plastics, Ahead of Print.
      Epoxy is one of the widely used polymeric resin systems in composite industries, which is a two-part resin system that requires the mixing of a hardening agent to trigger the polymerization process. The mixing ratio and pot-life are usually specified and provided by the manufacturer; however, the stirring time and the details of the mixing process were left to the fabricator to configure, based on some visual observations, which may vary from person to person. Although the mixing ratio is fixed by the resin manufacturer, errors may occur during the weighing and transfer of resin parts. The hardener concentration and stirring time are two of the most important factors that can affect the resin properties. In addition, air bubbles can be formed during the stirring process, which is inevitable. Design of experiment (DOE) is one of the widely used tools to design, control, and study the effects of multiple factors. In this research, DOE with a factorial design of 23−1 (2k−1) was used to study the effects of hardener concentration, stirring time, and air bubbles on the tensile strength of epoxy resin. Test specimens were fabricated, cut, and tested as per ASTM D638 standard (i.e., common test performed in the industry for plastics) in a randomized order and then the results were statistically analyzed using Design-Expert software. The test results showed that all three factors significantly affect the tensile strength of the epoxy, and they should be carefully optimized and used for the fabrication of composite materials with optimal properties.
      Citation: Journal of Elastomers & Plastics
      PubDate: 2022-10-01T02:45:35Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00952443221131197
       
  • RTV-SiR based composites aged in a multi-stressed environment under AC and
           bipolar DC voltages

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      Authors: Atif Mahmood, Shahid Alam
      Abstract: Journal of Elastomers & Plastics, Ahead of Print.
      Silicone rubber-based polymers are gradually replacing traditional insulators in outdoor applications due to their numerous advantages, in particular high hydrophobicity that is important for suppressing leakage current and hence surface flashover. However, the main problem with polymeric composites is their aging when exposed to environmental stresses causing loss of their desired properties and expected lifetime. In this work, aging behavior of three types of room temperature vulcanized silicon rubber (RTV-SiR) loaded with nano-silica and micro-ATH is studied. Samples of the materials with different specifications were fabricated and exposed to various environmental stresses in two specially designed weather chambers under both AC and bipolar DC voltages for a time period of 9000 hours. Thereafter, diagnosis was performed for identifying the degree of deterioration using several techniques. These include hydrophobicity classification, measurements of leakage current and mechanical properties, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and Thermogravimetric analysis. Results of the conducted experiments indicated stronger degradation of the desired properties under positive DC stress as compared to the AC and negative DC voltages. Moreover, silicone rubber doped with nano-sized particles of silica filler demonstrated better anti-aging performance as compared to its micro-ATH filled counterpart.
      Citation: Journal of Elastomers & Plastics
      PubDate: 2022-09-30T03:40:07Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00952443221131199
       
  • Synthesis and properties of biobased non-isocyanate aliphatic
           

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      Authors: Yao Qin, Xiaokai Yuan, Zhihui Sang, Zhiyuan Zhang, Jingbo Zhao, Junying Zhang
      Abstract: Journal of Elastomers & Plastics, Ahead of Print.
      A simple non-isocyanate route is established to synthesize biobased aliphatic thermoplastic polyurethane elastomers (TPEUs) with excellent mechanical properties. Melt transurethane co-polycondensation of bis(hydroxyethyl) butanediurethane (BHBDU) with different polycaprolactone-diols (PCDLs) was conducted at 170°C under a reduced pressure of 3 mmHg, and a series of TPEUs were prepared. The TPEUs were characterized by gel permeation chromatography, FT-IR, 1H-NMR, wide angle X-ray scattering, DSC, TGA, dynamic mechanical analysis, atomic force microscopy, and tensile test. TPUEs exhibited Mn above 25,000 g/mol, Tg of −36 to 1°C, Tm up to 105°C, maximal tensile strength of 38 MPa with a strain at break of 926%, and resilience of 80%–90%. BHBDU and PCDLs may be synthesized from bioresources. Biobased aliphatic TPU elastomers with excellent tensile strength and resilience were prepared successfully through a non-isocyanate route.
      Citation: Journal of Elastomers & Plastics
      PubDate: 2022-09-28T02:17:08Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00952443221130471
       
  • Comparative analysis by UV-vis and FT-IR spectroscopy of the chemical
           degradation of polyethylene used as greenhouse cover film

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      Authors: Asma Belhachemi, M’hamed Maatoug, Ramon Canela-Garayoa
      First page: 891
      Abstract: Journal of Elastomers & Plastics, Ahead of Print.
      Greenhouse culture usually requires a controlled environment for optimum plant growth and production. However, regular plastic films used for their coverage create an uncontrolled microclimate, especially in areas with harsh climatic conditions. Three low-density polyethylene (LDPE) films, a commercial ordinary film, a three-layer film, and a monolayer film were used as a greenhouse covering materials to study its behavior in presence of a cultivar and harsh climatic conditions. They were exposed to natural weathering and UV radiations in the semi-arid environment of a city located in northern Algeria. This study aims to investigate and compare the lifespan and deterioration of the materials used for a 5-month period to improve future greenhouse cultivation. Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometry (UV-vis) were used to study the aging and degradation of these films. FTIR 1030/2848 bands ratio was used to determine the chemical oxidation rate of each film. Visible changes in the material structure were also recorded during the aging process. Materials underwent photo and thermo degradation, leading to chemical and mechanical changes. The monolayer film has suffered more mechanical degradation than the multilayer films, leading to its total crumbling in a short lifetime. The three-layer and ordinary films were more resistant and showed approximately the same behavior towards the rough climatic conditions. Furthermore, the UV-visible spectrum indicated a high loss of transparency of the polyethylene films during their use. The two studied multilayer films seem more adequate for greenhouse culture under the semi-arid regions.
      Citation: Journal of Elastomers & Plastics
      PubDate: 2022-03-26T01:33:59Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00952443221077439
       
  • The crosslinking and mechanical properties of SBR compounds with the
           addition of carburized pine nut cone ash

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      Authors: Şaban Bülbül, Seyda Süleyman Büyük
      First page: 906
      Abstract: Journal of Elastomers & Plastics, Ahead of Print.
      In this study, four different pulps were prepared by adding 0%, 5%, 10%, and 15% carburized pine nut cone ash to a reference rubber compound based on styrene butadiene rubber (SBR). After vulcanization, the hardness, density, tensile strength, percentage elongation, tearing strength, and crosslink density of the compound were measured. In addition, the effects of the crosslink density on the mechanical properties were examined. The properties of the carburized pine nut cone ash compounds were evaluated both among themselves and comparatively with the physical and mechanical properties of the reference compound. In addition, it increased the hardness as well as the crosslink density, and it was shown to provide advantages in terms of its density, tensile strength, tearing strength, and percentage elongation properties. Furthermore, the fracture surfaces of the compounds were characterized via scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersion spectroscopy to explain the change in mechanical properties.
      Citation: Journal of Elastomers & Plastics
      PubDate: 2022-05-15T05:19:37Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00952443221102585
       
  • Chitin nanocrystal based aqueous inks for 3D printing via direct ink
           writing

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      Authors: Shaohua Gu, Hengying Ji, Kai Liang, Yali Ji
      First page: 922
      Abstract: Journal of Elastomers & Plastics, Ahead of Print.
      Chitin nanocrystal (ChiNC), a kind of rod-like nanoparticle, exhibits a high elastic modulus, high mechanical strength, good biocompatibility, and biodegradability. Its aqueous dispersion behaves with a prominent shear thinning and concentration-related sol-gel transition characteristics, which has feasibility of extrusion-based 3D printing, that is, direct ink writing (DIW). Based on this, herein, ChiNC was chosen as matrix material to explore its printability via DIW. A kind of waterborne polycitrate prepolymer (pre-POFC) was introduced into the ChiNC aqueous dispersion inks. On the one hand, pre-POFC was as rheology modifier to tune the flow behavior of the inks; on the other hand, the cured POFC component was as adhesive agent to glue ChiNC nanoparticles, aiming to improve water-stability and remove brittleness of the ChiNC-based materials. The results showed the optimal loading ratio of POFC component was 30–50 wt% determined via water-stability tests. The rheological analyses showed that the ChiNC/pre-POFC aqueous inks exhibited a prominent shear thinning behavior, thixotropy, modulus recovery ability, and higher dynamical yield stress (σy), meaning such systems had a good DIW printability theoretically. Actually, DIW results showed that only ChiNC/pre-POFC-6/4–30wt% and ChiNC/pre-POFC-5/5–30wt% inks exhibited optimal printability, in consideration of minimal contraction and superior shape retention after dehydration and thermocuring. However, the mechanical properties of printed films were weaker than that of cast films due to the limited printing precision and lower density.
      Citation: Journal of Elastomers & Plastics
      PubDate: 2022-05-14T03:49:57Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00952443221102589
       
  • Swelling behavior and tensile strength of additively manufactured and
           commercial O-rings in the presence of linear, branched, cyclic, and
           aromatic compounds and alcohols

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      Authors: Dianne J Luning Prak, Nicholaus J Adams, Jeanne L VanBriesen, Jim S Cowart, Joel S Schubbe, Brad W Baker
      First page: 937
      Abstract: Journal of Elastomers & Plastics, Ahead of Print.
      O-rings were manufactured using vat photopolymerization additive manufacturing (AM) processes using acrylate and dimethacrylate monomers. Preliminary tests using Flexible 80A and Elastic 50A resin with various printing orientations show that Flexible 80A in the “optimal” orientation is best for printing. Exposure of these O-rings and those from commercial sources to linear, branched, cyclic, and aromatic compounds and alcohols for 24 h causes swelling and changes in the ultimate tensile strength. AM O-rings swell less than the commercially manufactured acrylate O-rings, and their greatest swellings occur with aromatic compounds and the least swellings with linear alkanes. The swelling behavior of commercial O-rings is consistent with reported Hansen solubility parameters. The AM O-ring swelling patterns as a function of Hansen solubility parameters are similar to those of commercial acrylate O-rings. The tensile strength of the unexposed AM O-rings is less than the commercial O-rings and has greater variability. Swelling reduces the ultimate tensile strength of the acrylate O-rings. After evaporation, the tensile strengths of most of the O-rings return to their unexposed values. One major exception is AM O-rings exposed to toluene, where structural damage caused much lower tensile strengths.
      Citation: Journal of Elastomers & Plastics
      PubDate: 2022-05-21T10:58:49Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00952443221104105
       
  • Preparation and characterization of natural rubber–based new elastomers
           for high-damping base isolation systems

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      Authors: Farzad A Nobari Azar, Ali Karimzadeh Naghshineh, Murat Sen
      First page: 959
      Abstract: Journal of Elastomers & Plastics, Ahead of Print.
      Natural rubber (NR)–based vulcanizates have been used as base isolation materials for many years. Combining good damping properties, low cost, and availability with acceptable mechanical and aging performance, these materials have always been the first choice for base isolation applications. In this research, we try to formulate a natural rubber base recipe with increased damping properties, which can fulfill mechanical and aging requirements of base isolation systems. For this purpose, a series of blends have been formulated by incorporating chloroprene (CR) or butadiene (BR) and acrylonitrile butadiene rubber (NBR) into the natural rubber base. Filler content accelerator type and vulcanization system have been chosen to optimize damping while maintaining a reference point. All vulcanizates have been tested for their mechanical properties. Moving die rheometer (MDR) and rubber process analyzer (RPA) have been used to obtain general cure data as well as storage (G′) and loss modulus and loss angle (η). Crosslink densities have been calculated using RPA and Lee and Pawlowsky’s Coran approach. Dynamic material tests have been performed to obtain dynamic shear properties, equivalent damping ratio, and shear modulus. The results indicated that NR/NBR and NR/CR compounds with viscous damping values of 10.4% and 8.9% at frequency of .5 Hz can lay bases for formulating high-damping rubber (HDR) materials for base isolation systems due to their increased damping and rather good mechanical and relaxation performance.
      Citation: Journal of Elastomers & Plastics
      PubDate: 2022-02-25T08:17:02Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00952443221075505
       
  • Superior electromagnetic interference shielding effectiveness of
           functionalized MWCNTs filled flexible thermoplastic polymer nanocomposites
           

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      Authors: Subhashis Sit, Krishnendu Nath, Narayan Chandra Das, Goutam Chakraborty
      First page: 975
      Abstract: Journal of Elastomers & Plastics, Ahead of Print.
      Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) impart great multi-functionality when reinforced with a polymer matrix. This paper shows the qualitative and quantitative improvements of the mechanical, electrical, and electromagnetic interference shielding effectiveness properties with the additions of the multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and functionalized MWCNTs (FMWCNTs) in ethylene methyl acrylate (EMA) polymer. Mechanical characterization is performed through tensile testing, and electromagnetic interference shielding effectiveness (EMI SE) is calculated from the scattering parameters obtained from the vector network analyzer. Both properties improve compared to neat polymer with the reinforcement loadings up to a critical value, from where the properties start to degrade due to the agglomeration of the CNTs. FMWCNTs provide better performance in terms of properties over the MWCNT reinforced nanocomposites. Morphological characterization using a scanning electron microscope justifies a lower percolation threshold of FMWCNT/EMA composite by better electrical conductive network formation. At 10 wt% of FMWCNT loading, the FMWCNT/EMA composite shows 25.1 dB of EMI shielding efficiency combined with excellent mechanical and electrical properties extending its potential use in both industry and academia as an excellent flexible EMI shielding material.
      Citation: Journal of Elastomers & Plastics
      PubDate: 2022-06-13T12:46:59Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00952443221108513
       
  • Multi-response optimization of tensile and fracture properties of
           polypropylene/ethylene-vinyl acetate/exfoliated graphite by the design of
           experiment

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      Authors: Pouya Rajaee, Faramarz Ashenai Ghasemi, Mohammad Fasihi, Abuzar Fotoohi, Seyyed Ali Sajjadi
      First page: 1000
      Abstract: Journal of Elastomers & Plastics, Ahead of Print.
      Thermoplastic elastomeric nanocomposites have a wide range of applications in the automotive, medical, electronics, and energy sectors. Good mechanical and fracture performances are typically needed to reach the desired properties for the applications. In this study, tensile and fracture properties of exfoliated graphite (EG) filled PP toughened with ethylene-vinyl acetate (EVA) are examined. Accordingly, four levels of EVA (0, 10, 20, and 30 wt.%) and EG (0, 1, 3, and 5 wt.%) are utilized. The full factorial design is employed to explain the effect of independent parameters and their interaction on responses. The essential work of fracture (EWF) methodology is also employed to investigate the fracture behavior of the blend nanocomposites. By increasing EVA, the elongation at break and non-EWF are increased by 188% and 75%, in succession. Moreover, the tensile modulus is improved up to 11% by increasing EG. The compound with 10 wt.% EVA and 1 wt.% EG has the best toughness-strength-stiffness balance based on the optimization results.
      Citation: Journal of Elastomers & Plastics
      PubDate: 2022-06-14T03:47:23Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00952443221108509
       
  • Synthesis, characterization, and properties of a new polyurethane
           elastomer based on tragacanth gum polysaccharide

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      Authors: Elham Badakhshanian, Mousa Ghaemy
      First page: 1025
      Abstract: Journal of Elastomers & Plastics, Ahead of Print.
      This study prepared a type of bio-based elastomeric polyurethane from tragacanth gum (TG). TG is a natural polysaccharide with many hydroxyl groups that can be used as a chain extender and a crosslinker to react with the isocyanate groups in polyurethane prepolymer to form a highly branched and crosslinked polyurethane with high molecular weight and good mechanical properties. The chemical structure of the prepolymer and the thermal and mechanical properties of the prepared polyurethane were studied by Fourier transform infrared, nuclear magnetic resonance, scanning electron microscopy, thermal gravimetric analysis, dynamic mechanical thermal analysis, and tensile strength tester. The properties of the polyurethane-based on TG (TG-PU) were compared with the properties of the PU based on only polyethylene glycol. The TG-PU sample with 0.5 g TG showed a tensile strength of 288% and the glass transition temperature (Tg) of 33% higher than the tensile strength and Tg of PU without TG. We expect these findings to widen the range of preparation and applications of bio-based polyurethane materials.
      Citation: Journal of Elastomers & Plastics
      PubDate: 2022-06-11T04:36:29Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00952443221107358
       
  • Reutilization of polyurethane-based shoe sole scrap as a reinforcing
           filler in natural rubber for the development of high-performance
           composites

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      Authors: P Bashpa, K Bijudas, P Dileep, Silviya Elanthikkal, Tania Francis
      First page: 1040
      Abstract: Journal of Elastomers & Plastics, Ahead of Print.
      Reutilization of industrial waste is one of the emerging strategies to combat solid waste disposal for the protection of our environment. The present work describes a novel and economic approach to reutilize finely ground shoe sole scrap, a thermoset polyurethane-based waste (PUW) material generated during shoe sole production in footwear industries as an efficient reinforcing filler in natural rubber (NR). Shoe sole scrap was ground to fine powder and characterized by various analytical techniques. NR-PUW composites were prepared using 0–20 phr (parts per hundred of rubber) of PUW. The cure characteristics, mechanical, thermal, and morphological properties of prepared composites were studied. Composite with 5 phr PUW showed a remarkable improvement in tensile strength by 10% and modulus at 300% elongation increased by 9% compared to that of neat sample. A considerable increase in abrasion resistance and tear strength was also observed in 5 phr PUW loaded composites. Other mechanical properties like hardness, heat build-up and compression set showed a regular increase with further filler loading. To estimate the level of interfacial adhesion between the filler and the matrix, the experimental values of tensile strength were compared with Nicolais–Narkis (N–N), Lu, and Turcsányi–Pukànszky–Tüdõs (T–P–T) models and elastic modulus values with Einstein and Guth and Smallwood models. The tensile strength values are in agreement with T-P-T model (B = 4), up to 5 phr PUW proving the better adhesion between NR and PUW at lower filler loadings. At higher PUW loading, the experimental results are approaching Lu and N–N models indicating that this adhesion is collapsed. The incorporation of PUW as a filler in NR does not adversely impact the thermal stability of prepared composites. The results obtained are not only promising from a circular economy perspective, but also is contributive in production of high-performance, low-cost NR composites for various industrial applications.
      Citation: Journal of Elastomers & Plastics
      PubDate: 2022-06-16T02:10:56Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00952443221108514
       
  • Synergistic combination of 2-mercaptobenzothiazole (MBT) and
           nitrosoamine-safe thiuram disulfide as advanced rubber vulcanizing
           accelerators

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      Authors: Md Najib Alam, Subhas C Debnath, Orathai Boondamnoen, Koramala N Kumar, Jin H Kim, Jungwook Choi
      First page: 1061
      Abstract: Journal of Elastomers & Plastics, Ahead of Print.
      In this study, we developed a combination accelerator system to synergistically improve the vulcanizing activity of 2-marcapto benzothiazole (MBT) with different nitrosamine-safe thiuram disulfides (TDs), namely, bis-(N-benzyl piperazino) thiuram disulfide (BPTD), bis-(N-phenyl piperazino) thiuram disulfide (PPTD), and bis-(N-ethyl piperazino) thiuram disulfide (EPTD), which can be used as nitrosamine-safe cross-linking accelerators for sulfur based rubber vulcanization. The results were compared with that of a conventionally unsafe TD, tetramethyl thiuram disulfide (TMTD) combined with MBT, to evaluate the efficiencies of these nitrosamine-safe TD accelerators for industrial applications. The curing and mechanical properties of rubber vulcanization were investigated to understand the synergism between MBT and nitrosoamine-safe TDs. The results indicate that novel TDs combined with MBT significantly improve the curing characteristics and mechanical properties following to the TDs with smaller molecular size and higher basicity. The MBT/BPTD system had higher modulus values because BPTD has a higher molar mass, which facilitates a better distribution of accelerators in the rubber matrix. Overall, the MBT/EPTD accelerator systems with equal molar ratios can compete with the curing rates, tensile strengths, and moduli of unsafe TMTD accelerator systems in the vulcanization of rubber.
      Citation: Journal of Elastomers & Plastics
      PubDate: 2022-08-09T05:08:40Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00952443221118636
       
  • Patents

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      First page: 1078
      Abstract: Journal of Elastomers & Plastics, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Journal of Elastomers & Plastics
      PubDate: 2022-08-22T12:26:16Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00952443221122467
       
 
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