Subjects -> SOCIAL SCIENCES (Total: 1876 journals)
    - BIRTH CONTROL (22 journals)
    - CHILDREN AND YOUTH (273 journals)
    - FOLKLORE (30 journals)
    - MATRIMONY (16 journals)
    - MEN'S INTERESTS (16 journals)
    - MEN'S STUDIES (100 journals)
    - SEXUALITY (59 journals)
    - SOCIAL SCIENCES (1124 journals)
    - WOMEN'S INTERESTS (44 journals)
    - WOMEN'S STUDIES (192 journals)

MATRIMONY (16 journals)

Showing 1 - 16 of 16 Journals sorted alphabetically
Australian and New Zealand Journal of Family Therapy (ANZJFT)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Community, Work & Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Cuadernos Kóre     Open Access  
DIFI Family Research and Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Family Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Impotence Research     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Divorce & Remarriage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Family Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Family Theory & Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Marital and Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Marriage and Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Marriage & Family Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Seksuologia Polska     Full-text available via subscription  
The History of the Family     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Women Against Violence : An Australian Feminist Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Family Journal
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.269
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 4  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1066-4807 - ISSN (Online) 1552-3950
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1141 journals]
  • COVID-19: Boredom in the Family
    • Authors: Hasan Latif, Engin Karaman
      Pages: 147 - 152
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Volume 29, Issue 2, Page 147-152, April 2021.
      This research is focused on the subject of boredom in the families during the stay-at-home process forced by coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic. The literature on boredom was reviewed, and then the qualitative research was designed with the open-ended questions appropriate for the subject and purpose. The research was conducted between April 20 and 29, 2020, in Istanbul, Turkey, with the participation of 264 families. The most significant findings of the research showed that family members accustomed to active life experienced boredom more during the stay-at-home process, they utilized information technologies very often to overcome boredom, the importance of time spent at home increased, involuntary behaviors such as overeating and snacking became common, the livelihood difficulties and fear of unemployment increased boredom, nevertheless, no conflict occurred between the family members, and the process taught to be patient and strong.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2021-01-20T09:13:55Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1066480720986496
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2021)
  • Tracking Thought Squirrels: A Relational Cultural Theoretical Approach to
           Counseling Couples
    • Authors: Ian M. Lértora, Jesse Starkey
      Pages: 175 - 181
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Volume 29, Issue 2, Page 175-181, April 2021.
      Relational-Cultural Theory (RCT) describes the process of connection and disconnection that is inevitable in relationship. Understanding how we can navigate and recover from connection and disconnection in our relationships with loved ones serves to develop relational resilience. In this article, the author will share an approach to couples communication, grounded in RCT, which may help increase the ability for couples to communicate their moments of connection and disconnection to one another to foster relational resilience. Two case examples are shared that exemplify the step by step process of incorporating this relational cultural approach in practice.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2021-01-27T09:23:24Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1066480720986110
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2021)
  • Ethnic Socialization in Current and Prospective Parents
    • Authors: Kayla Wojda, Jane M. Tram, Arthur Truong, Danielle M. Anderson
      Pages: 208 - 212
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Volume 29, Issue 2, Page 208-212, April 2021.
      Few studies have examined whether the manner in which one has been parented impacts one’s subsequent parenting style regarding ethnic socialization. We examined this question in current and prospective parents. First, we found that receiving greater familial ethnic socialization is significantly correlated with stronger subsequent parental ethnic socialization (PES) for both current and prospective parents. Second, we found that PES did not significantly differ between current and prospective parents. Third, given the limited research examining the ethnic socialization experiences of those who are White, we examined these questions specifically for our White participants. Our findings persisted when we examined all ethnicities together and when we examined White participants alone.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2021-01-22T09:34:04Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1066480720986494
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2021)
  • Empowering Families to Address Suicide in Rural Colombia
    • Authors: Ayse Torres, Gerald Juhnke, Brian Canfield, Andrea Gomez-Escudero, Andrés Ramírez
      Pages: 220 - 226
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Volume 29, Issue 2, Page 220-226, April 2021.
      Suicidal behavior is a major public health problem that has devastating effects on families. Relevant suicide risk factor identification is a critical component to developing effective suicide assessments and interventions. Suicide risk factors vary across countries. Thus, the intent of this seminal research was to investigate suicide risk factors relevant to a small and rural region in the South American country of Colombia. The factors identified in the present Delphi study appear relevant in informing the development and expansion of suicide prevention strategies and community-based programs. Educating family members and other frontline community helpers on the identified suicide risk factors can exponentially increase service resources in underserved and unserved communities.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2021-01-28T09:33:48Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1066480720986493
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2021)
  • Terapia Filial: Filial Therapy With Hispanic and Latinx Clients
    • Authors: Chanel Shahnami Rodriguez, Ashley Devon Smith
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Ahead of Print.
      Filial therapy (FT) has often been stated as an approach that can address the multicultural considerations of a variety of populations, in which parents are given the tools to strengthen their bonds with their child. This article describes counselors using FT as it applies to Hispanic and Latinx clients in the United States. Common cultural considerations are essential to consider when using FT with Hispanic and Latinx clients. The purpose of this article is to inform counselors about common values in the Hispanic and Latinx culture; application of FT with Hispanic and Latinx clients; and ethical, legal, and multicultural considerations when working with these populations.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2021-05-04T01:33:41Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1066480721992503
  • Family of Origin as Cultural Messengers in the Training Context
    • Authors: Russell Haber, Cristina Braga, John Benda, Jenelle Fitch, Carrie Leigh Mitran, Kimberly A. Nelson
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Ahead of Print.
      A novel Family of Origin as Supervisory Resource Model that harnesses the family of origin of the therapist-in-training as a cultural supervisory resource in the training paradigm is presented. The format of the model comprises three phases: supervisor’s exploration of the trainee’s professional dilemmas, supervisor’s exploration of the same dilemma through stories narrated by the supervisee’s family of origin members, and supervisee’s presentation of a case that is an example of the dilemma. The application of this training model during supervision strengthens the trainee’s flexibility in divergent family systems and enhances the ability to handle dilemmas and to form a healthy therapeutic alliance.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2021-05-04T01:33:12Z
      DOI: 10.1177/10664807211000095
  • The Impact of Pandemic on Couples With Cancer: Examining the Role of
           Cancer-Related Communication on Cancer-Related Distress Via the
           Actor–Partner Interdependence Model
    • Authors: Afarin Rajaei
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Ahead of Print.
      The present study draws attention to the significance of considering cancer-related communication on cancer-related distress through the vulnerability–stress–adaptation model among couples with cancer during the pandemic. This is a quantitative dyadic study with a sample of 80 couples (N = 160). Dyadic data were analyzed among couples with cancer to examine the within-person (actor effects) and between-partner (partner effects) associations among links between cancer-related communication and cancer-related distress through the use of actor–partner interdependence models. Significant actor and partner effects were found for cancer-related communication in partners facing cancer, a factor that predicted cancer-related distress. The findings underscore the need to adopt a systemic perspective that accounts for multiple, simultaneous adaptive processes including cancer-related communication as influences on cancer-related distress in the time of COVID-19.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2021-05-03T05:02:50Z
      DOI: 10.1177/10664807211009803
  • TF-CBT Group Intervention for Children in High Conflict Custody Disputes
    • Authors: Kelli Anderson
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Ahead of Print.
      This article proposes a conceptual group approach using trauma-based cognitive behavioral therapy for children involved in high conflict custody disputes. Traditionally, interventions for this population have focused on repairing the relationship between parent and child and less on addressing the traumatic symptoms with which the child is suffering. The proposed intervention focuses solely on the needs of the child and provides an outline for seven sessions during which the PRACTICE model of trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy is used. Additionally, ethical implications and directions for future research are discussed.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2021-04-26T09:15:00Z
      DOI: 10.1177/10664807211005711
  • Re-Visioning Immigrant Couple Therapy: Immigrant Couples in the United
           States and Telebehavioral Health
    • Authors: Afarin Rajaei, Bahareh Sahebi
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Ahead of Print.
      This article aimed to address the following question: In what specific ways, can couple therapists improve their work with immigrant couples via telebehavioral health (TBH)' This article offers perspectives from experience working with immigrant couples via telehealth, which include key barriers to using in-person therapy for immigrant couples, the effectiveness of TBH for immigrant couples, and consideration for couple therapists as they venture into TBH with immigrant couples. With a focus on the expansion of services, one way to improve health equity for immigrant couples and bridge the gap between the traditional health care system and couples in undeserved communities is by developing TBH systems, which may lead to increase access to care for clients as well as expand provider options and resources.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2021-04-26T09:14:59Z
      DOI: 10.1177/10664807211000070
  • Anxious, Apart, and Attentive: A Qualitative Case Study of Overseas
           Filipino Workers’ Families in the time of COVID-19
    • Authors: Jerome Visperas Cleofas, Ma. Cristina SC. Eusebio, Ellen Joy P. Pacudan
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Ahead of Print.
      Cognizant of the nature and type of family as factors that affect the experience and coping of its members, this study sought to examine the impact of the pandemic on overseas Filipino workers’ (OFW) families using a qualitative instrumental case study of four OFW families. Three themes emerged from the analysis: (1) worry over the conditions of the distant family members, (2) disruptions in plans and family relationships, and (3) monitoring and caring from a distance. From these findings, it could be reflected that despite the negative effects of the pandemic, OFW families can recreate patterns over time to retain their familial relations and routines and protect members from coronavirus and its consequences.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2021-04-26T09:14:58Z
      DOI: 10.1177/10664807211006339
  • “Unbreak My Heart”: Clinical Implications for Working With
           Bereaved Couples
    • Authors: Cadmona A. Hall, Ileana Ungureanu
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Ahead of Print.
      Death and bereavement remain a cultural taboo that continues to impact helping professionals. The death of a child is a particularly difficult loss as it challenges expectations about the life cycle. Many clinicians find themselves unprepared and ill-equipped to appropriately intervene. Bereaved couples require knowledgeable and culturally competent support to facilitate positive and healthy outcomes. The aim of this article is to provide clinicians with a theoretical framework and clinical conceptualization to assess and intervene in the lives of bereaved couples.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2021-04-26T09:11:46Z
      DOI: 10.1177/10664807211000067
  • Personality and Sexting: The Relationship Between Sexting Behaviors,
           Sexting Expectations, and the Big Five
    • Authors: Michelle M. Jeanfreau, Chelsey Holden, Lindsay E. Wright, Ryan Thompson
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Ahead of Print.
      Sexting is a common practice in intimate relationships; however, little research has investigated the role that sexting plays in adult relationships. The authors surveyed 356 individuals about their sexting behaviors and expectations and personality factors. Results indicated extroversion and openness are associated with greater arousal expectations for sending sexts and lower negative expectations for receiving sexts. Agreeableness is associated with lower negative expectations for sending sexts. Neuroticism is associated with lower arousal expectations and greater negative expectations for sending sexts. Individuals who are cohabitating sext more frequently than individuals who are dating, single, or married.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2021-04-26T09:11:45Z
      DOI: 10.1177/10664807211000721
  • Marital Satisfaction of Portuguese Families in Times of Social Lockdown
    • Authors: Carla Sílvia Fernandes, Bruno Magalhães, Sílvia Silva, Beatriz Edra
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Ahead of Print.
      The COVID-19 pandemic represents a global threat and crisis situation, and its wide-reaching impact has also affected marital satisfaction. Dysfunction of the marital system puts the survival of the family unit at risk. This research aimed to determine the level of marital satisfaction of Portuguese families during the social lockdown and the association between the variables under study. A descriptive, exploratory study was conducted. During the social lockdown, 276 people of Portuguese nationality and residing in Portugal were recruited using nonprobabilistic convenience sampling. Marital satisfaction in the pandemic phase showed low values that may be associated with the social, economic, and political context experienced by the pandemic situation. Future research must be carried out in order to identify, prevent, and intervene in situations of violence. In addition, future research should explore not only marital satisfaction during the current pandemic but a more systemic assessment of marital relations during crises, expanding the impact of marital satisfaction in family functioning.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2021-04-26T09:11:45Z
      DOI: 10.1177/10664807211009809
  • Managing Anticipatory Grief in Family and Partners: A Systematic Review
           and Qualitative Meta-Synthesis
    • Authors: Umair Majid, Adedoja Akande
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Ahead of Print.
      Almost every person is affected by grief at some point during their lifetime. However, the majority of grief research has focused on the experiences and perspectives of individuals after loss. Grief can be expected or unexpected depending on the nature of loved one’s death. Like postdeath grief, individuals who expect the impending loss of a loved one may feel uncertainty, fear, and sadness, which can lead to a number of adverse outcomes on their health. Some research labels the predeath experience as anticipatory grief (AG). In this qualitative systematic review, we analyze 13 studies to examine how caregivers of terminally ill patients experience AG. First, we identify the four stages of AG: time of diagnosis, transition to hospice care, nearing death, and the moment of death. We highlight the characteristics of each stage and the coping mechanisms that family used to navigate them. Second, we discuss how AG influences family and partner roles and responsibilities. We also examine the interplay between caregiving motivations and activities, and the four stages of AG. We consider the relationship between AG, caregiving, and postdeath adjustment, including physical and mental health outcomes.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2021-04-26T09:11:43Z
      DOI: 10.1177/10664807211000715
  • Treating Mental Illness and Relational Concerns in Incarcerated Settings
    • Authors: Eman Tadros
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Ahead of Print.
      Rates of incarceration in the United States have grown dramatically over the past 50 years. These high rates of incarceration call for mental health and relational therapy to incarcerated individuals and their families. In conducting a literature review on incarceration, several topics emerged: mental illness, racial and ethnic disparity, and recidivism. When studying incarceration, mental illness is a necessary topic of inclusion due to high prevalence of mentally ill incarcerated individuals. When exploring issues related to incarceration, it is important to discuss diverse disparities to be able to put the individuals into context of their social location as well as address how contextual factors impact incarceration. The purpose of this article is to highlight the systemic, relational issues within incarcerated settings and then to display how treating mental illness and relational concerns allows for a healthier integration back into the family system. Clinical implications and future directions are also provided.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2021-04-26T09:02:07Z
      DOI: 10.1177/10664807211000083
  • What About the Parental Response': The Effect of Delinquency and Anger
           on Parental Monitoring
    • Authors: Jeremiah W. Jaggers, Sara Tomek, Lisa M. Hooper, Missy T. Mitchell-Williams, Wesley T. Church
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Ahead of Print.
      Parental monitoring is a set of correlated parenting behaviors involving attention to and tracking of the child’s whereabouts, activities, and adaptations. The impact of parental monitoring is ubiquitous and has broad relevance for youth outcomes. Similarly, although less commonly investigated, youth behaviors can impact parents’ or caregivers’ responses or behaviors. Longitudinal analysis was used to assess the gendered effects of youth behaviors—defined as internalized anger, externalized anger, and delinquency—on parent behaviors (i.e., parental monitoring). Results showed that adolescent’s levels of internalized anger, externalized anger, and delinquency were predictive of parental monitoring. Specifically, as the adolescents aged, parental monitoring decreased and parental monitoring was differentiated based on gender. Results and implications for the parent–child relationship are discussed.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2021-04-26T09:02:06Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1066480721992511
  • The Relationship Between Pronoun Use in Couple Interactions, Attachment,
           and Relationship Satisfaction
    • Authors: Dixie Meyer, Danielle Thomas, Haley Hawkins
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Ahead of Print.
      Research shows pronoun use may be related to relationship factors. Our research invited 40 couples (adults mostly partnered for 2 or fewer years) to engage in a 15-min conversation after completing demographics, attachment, and relationship satisfaction measures. Romantic partners tended to use pronouns similarly. Attachment anxiety and avoidance were related to lower relationship satisfaction. Bivariate actor partner interdependence models showed when men used we pronouns, lower relationship satisfaction was reported in both partners. When men used I pronouns, women were more likely to use we pronouns. When men used you pronouns, women were more likely to use I pronouns and engage in more attachment avoidant behaviors. Findings suggest communication patterns may be interpreted differently by younger couples. Couples therapists may want to investigate communication patterns to create a new dialogue that increases relationship satisfaction and limits insecure attachment behaviors.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2021-04-26T09:02:05Z
      DOI: 10.1177/10664807211000092
  • Mediating Role of Emotional Neglect and Self-Injurious Behaviors in the
           Relationship Between Family Satisfaction and Depression
    • Authors: Sadia Saleem, Anum Karamat, Sayyeda Taskeen Zahra, Sara Subhan, Zahid Mahmood
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Ahead of Print.
      The current research is aimed at investigating the mediating role of emotional neglect and self-injurious behaviors in the association between family satisfaction and depressive symptoms in 312 undergraduates (45% boys and 55% girls) in the age range of 14–19 years (M = 17.23, SD = 1.02). The measures include the Emotional Neglect Scale, Self-Injurious Behaviors Scale, Family Satisfaction Scale, and Depressive Symptomatology Scale for Adolescents and a Demographic Performa. Results indicated that emotional neglect and self-injurious behaviors fully mediated the relationship between family satisfaction and depressive symptoms in college students. These findings have very important implications for counselors to provide tailor-made intervention plans and provide preventative measures to avoid serious consequences of depression.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2021-04-26T09:02:05Z
      DOI: 10.1177/10664807211000725
  • Disability-Responsive Adaptations: Child–Parent–Relationship Therapy
           for Children With Disabilities
    • Authors: Mónica Rodríguez, Jose Luis Tapia-Fuselier, Peggy Ceballos, Sarah Agarwal
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Ahead of Print.
      Children with disabilities have unique and often specialized needs. The parents of children with disabilities play an integral and sometimes challenging role in supporting, advocating, and caring for their children. This article introduces an evidence-based approach to work with parents of children with disabilities that focuses on strengthening the relationship between the parent and child through child–parent–relationship therapy (CPRT). Disability-responsive adaptations and recommendations are provided for CPRT, specifically for deaf and hard-of-hearing children, children with physical disabilities, and children with autism spectrum disorder.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2021-04-26T09:02:04Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1066480721992504
  • The Influence of Gender, Income, and Religious Beliefs on Life
           Satisfaction Through Affect and Stress in Families With and Without Mental
    • Authors: Taehee Kim, Allison Crowe
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Ahead of Print.
      The aim of the study was to explore the influence of gender, income, and religious beliefs on life satisfaction through affect and stress in families with and without mental illness. We examined variations depending on the presence of mental illness and minority status. Results indicated that the influence of gender, income, and religion on life satisfaction through affect and stress varied between families. Males with a family member with mental illness showed significant negative affect, while those without a family member with mental illness did not show gender differences in negative affect. Results also indicated that higher income did not significantly reduce negative affect in individuals with a family member with mental illness, regardless of minority status. Gender, income, and religious beliefs were not indirectly related to life satisfaction through affect and stress for individuals who had a family member with mental illness. These results are discussed, and clinical implications are offered.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2021-04-26T09:02:03Z
      DOI: 10.1177/10664807211000098
  • Resilience Despite Complex Trauma: Family Environment and Family Cohesion
           as Protective Factors
    • Authors: Aubrey D. Daniels, Julia Bryan
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Ahead of Print.
      The authors utilized hierarchical multiple regression to understand the relationships between complex trauma, family environment, family cohesion, and resilience in 485 young adults aged 18–35. The young adults varied regarding their educational background and experiences with trauma. Results demonstrated that youth with more experiences of complex trauma were associated with lower levels of resilience. However, when they reported strong family environments and family cohesion prior to adulthood, they were more likely to be resilient in young adulthood despite the complex trauma experienced. Hence, family environment and family cohesion appear to be protective factors despite complex trauma exposure. Implications for family counselors working with trauma and resilience building through a systemic lens are discussed.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2021-03-25T01:31:28Z
      DOI: 10.1177/10664807211000719
  • Family Traditions as a Condition for Socialization of Young Generation
           (Based on a Sample of Tuva Republic)
    • Authors: Valentina Maryuhina
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Ahead of Print.
      The purpose of this study is to regard the family traditions of a present-day Tuvan family as a precondition for the successful socialization of younger generations. We conducted a sociological survey to identify the significance of family traditions in the process of upbringing children. For this, 148 married couples, who had children under 18 years old, participated in the survey. A sociological research questionnaire was compiled and presented on the platform The questions were created on the website and distributed among the target audience through social networks. The respondents were asked 15 questions of both open-ended and close-ended types. The results of the study can be used while developing regional programs to support young families as well as an aspect of the family’s ability to educate the young generation. Moreover, the practical application of the results is possible in enhancing the activities of existing social entities while organizing events to maintain a respectful attitude to family traditions.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2021-03-22T06:03:03Z
      DOI: 10.1177/10664807211000722
  • COVID-19: Counseling With Bereaved Parents
    • Authors: Loretta Bradley, Bret Hendricks, Nicole Noble, Tara Fox
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Ahead of Print.
      In an era with death from COVID-19 increasing daily, this article emphasizes grief and loss issues of which the family counselor should be aware. Specifically, this article focuses on the needs for family counselors to be aware of grief and loss issues experienced by a parent whose child died from COVID-19. Within this article, grief literature is reviewed. Counseling techniques are highlighted and resources for bereaved parents are provided.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2021-03-04T09:28:41Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1066480721992510
  • Uniendo Familias Latinas: Testing the Spillover Hypothesis With Latino
           Mothers and Fathers
    • Authors: Priscilla Mendez, Sandra Yu Rueger, Hana Yoo, Maria Cornejo Garcia
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Ahead of Print.
      Consistent with the spillover hypothesis, previous research has found support for the benefits of a healthy marital relationship on the parent–child relationship. However, there is a paucity of research on whether and how marital functioning may be associated with parent–child relationship quality among ethnically diverse populations. In an attempt to address this research gap, the current study tested the effectiveness of a community-based program to improve couple relationship skills and the impact of this program on the parent–child relationship. The study used an extant data set of assessment data from this community-based relationship skills–building program targeting Latino individuals in low-income communities and focused on participants who endorsed being in a marital relationship and having at least one child (N = 655). Results demonstrated that marital quality increased after participating in the program provided. More importantly, an increase in marital quality was associated with change in parenting quality for both Latino mothers and fathers, supporting the spillover hypothesis. Findings supported the overall effectiveness of the relationship skills–building program to improve marital relationship quality for participating Latino individuals but also suggested the potential benefits of improved parent–child relationship quality.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2021-02-19T09:13:03Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1066480720988121
  • Women Who Have Experienced Pregnancy Loss: Implications for Counseling
    • Authors: Amber L. Randolph, Renae Swanson, Allyson Smith, Katherine Ojeda
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Ahead of Print.
      The purpose of this research was to explore women’s experiences of pregnancy loss. The following five themes were identified: (a) grief and new emotions, (b) social aspects, (c) meaning making, (d) subsequent pregnancies, and (e) what was and would have been helpful. The results indicate that counselors can be instrumental in the healing of women who have experienced pregnancy loss. Specifically, counselors can help clients communicate effectively with their families, partners, and social networks post-loss.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2021-02-10T09:35:10Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1066480721989689
  • Unintentional State Enforced Parental Alienation Syndrome During the Hard
           Lockdown in South Africa
    • Authors: Barry Lachlan Viljoen
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Ahead of Print.
      This article examines the construct of parental alienation syndrome, while also examining the impact that the South African lockdown had upon this construct. The goal of this article is to highlight the potential indirect psychological impacts of such legislation on non-cohabiting families.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2021-02-08T08:29:52Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1066480720987998
  • Shame in Family Systems With Developmental Trauma
    • Authors: Kiera Hoekstra, Ellen Katz
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Ahead of Print.
      This article highlights the importance of recognizing and working with shame when clinicians are supporting families who have experiences of developmental trauma. This article will help clinicians identify the existence of shame in parents, children, and therapist; differentiate shame from guilt; understand the connection to developmental trauma; and draw information from case examples. This article draws from clinical wisdom and experience, providing possible interventions that may be helpful with this population. Recommendations for future research are also discussed.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2021-02-08T08:29:12Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1066480720987997
  • Using Q Methodology to Explore American Adolescents’ Self-Images and
           Images of Their Parents
    • Authors: Sooyeon Lim, Hyeyoung Bang, Amanda Ark
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Ahead of Print.
      We explored adolescents’ self-images and their images of their parents and how their views of the present and the future relate to their parents’ support. Forty American adolescents sorted two sets of Q statements. Types for adolescents’ self-images are optimistic go-getter in achievement, pioneer in moratorium, hedonistic fun seeker in diffusion, apprehensive self in moratorium, and other conscious self in foreclosure versus self-confident skeptic in moratorium. Types for adolescents’ images of their parents are parents as a role model for life, old-fashioned authoritarian versus poor emotional supporter, and domesticated parents with unhealthy attachment to children versus all-in to the children’s education. Adolescents’ self-images are related to consciousness of their economic situation and their parents’ support of their autonomy.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2021-01-28T09:35:17Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1066480720986501
  • Single Parents in Indonesia: How to Carry Out the Practice of the Eight
           Family Functions'
    • Authors: Resti Pujihasvuty, Aning Tri Subeqi, Chairunnisa Murniati
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Ahead of Print.
      A single parent’s phenomenon as a vulnerable family is commonly found in Indonesia with an increasing number from year to year. This study aimed to see the profile of a single parent in Indonesia and the implementation of family functions. A quantitative approach through secondary data analysis from the 2019 Program Accountability Performance Survey Family Module was used in this research. Processing and data analysis were carried out descriptively using cross-tabulation and chi-square correlation tests. The results showed a picture of a single parent in Indonesia that require special attention, namely single mothers due to a divorce, age group of 31–50 years, have many children, have low education, moderate economic status, have a job, live in urban areas, and most of them are in Java. The practice of implementing family functions is still deficient in single parent. Based on its characteristics, only the level of education, wealth, work status, and knowledge of family functions were positively and significantly related to the practice of family function in single parent. This study recommends the need for strategies in optimizing the implementation of family functions in single parent, namely socialization and strengthening of family functions, mainly reproductive functions, by prioritizing the description of a single parent in Indonesia that require special attention.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2021-01-28T09:34:29Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1066480720986500
  • Role of Social Comparison and Interpersonal Skills in Positive Parenting
           and Self-Esteem in Pakistani Adolescents: A Serial Mediation Analysis
    • Authors: Sayyeda Taskeen Zahra, Sadia Saleem, Sara Subhan, Zahid Mahmood
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Ahead of Print.
      The current research explored the serial mediating role of social comparison and interpersonal skills in the association between positive parenting and self-esteem in adolescents. The participants for this study comprised 674 (boys = 47%, girls = 53%) adolescents recruited from the mainstream government school of Lahore, an urbanized city of Pakistan, by using a multistage sampling technique. Participants for this research have an age range of 12–19 years (M = 14.88, SD = 1.33). Parenting Style Scale for Adolescents, Self-Esteem Scale for Children, Social Comparison Scale, and Interpersonal Skills Scale were used to measure the positive parenting, self-esteem, social comparison, and interpersonal skills, respectively. Based on the study results, it was concluded that social comparison and interpersonal skills partially mediate the relationship between positive parenting and self-esteem. The results of the research are discussed in the light of pertinent literature, and some recommendations were given for upcoming studies.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2021-01-27T09:24:24Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1066480720988095
  • Parents’ Lived Experiences With the COVID-19 Pandemic
    • Authors: Jo Lauren Weaver, Jacqueline M. Swank
      Pages: 136 - 142
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Volume 29, Issue 2, Page 136-142, April 2021.
      The COVID-19 pandemic has affected people across the globe. We explored 11 parents’ experiences with the pandemic and identified eight themes: (a) educational experience, (b) navigating roles and responsibilities, (c) recognizing privilege, (d) routine, (e) monitoring and communication about COVID, (f) vacillating emotions, (g) connection, and (h) meaningful experiences. We discuss the themes and implications for counseling.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2020-11-10T08:40:52Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1066480720969194
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2020)
  • Siege Mentality in the 2020 Pandemic: Building Family Resilience
    • Authors: Joshua M. Gold
      Pages: 143 - 146
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Volume 29, Issue 2, Page 143-146, April 2021.
      This literature-based article utilizes “siege” theory to describe the emotional pressures that families are facing during the COVID-19 pandemic. Applying an understanding of siege theory, counselors can better assist families in responding to the uncertainties and duration of this concern. To support families’ struggles to make sense of this threat, narrative counseling can assist families to sort the confusing dominant narratives being presented and author a narrative that honors family coping, resilience, and determination. Finally, the article offers ramifications for future research with families to begin to generate a model of coping in these uncertain times.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2020-12-14T11:00:26Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1066480720977515
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2020)
  • Beliefs That Contribute to Dissatisfaction in Romantic Relationships
    • Authors: Hanna Zagefka, Krisztina Bahul
      Pages: 153 - 160
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Volume 29, Issue 2, Page 153-160, April 2021.
      Some lay beliefs people hold are harmful to their romantic relationships because they reduce relationship satisfaction. Two studies were conducted in two different national settings (N = 253 in the UK and N = 132 in Hungary) to test the effects of three potential dysfunctional beliefs: an aversion to disagreement between the partners, an expectation that mindreading should happen, and a belief that relationships are formed due to destiny. When predicting two different indices of relationship satisfaction, consistently across both national settings, results revealed that an aversion to disagreement was negatively linked with relationship outcomes, whereas the other two beliefs were not. Findings are discussed in terms of their applied value: Those working with struggling couples will want to know which lay beliefs, out of several potentially dysfunctional beliefs, have the strongest negative effect on relationship outcomes because those should be tackled first in interventions.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2020-10-06T09:18:53Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1066480720956638
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2020)
  • What Motives Drive Pornography Use'
    • Authors: Charlotte R. Esplin, S. Gabe Hatch, H. Dorian Hatch, Conner L. Deichman, Scott R. Braithwaite
      Pages: 161 - 174
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Volume 29, Issue 2, Page 161-174, April 2021.
      Pornography use has become widespread and mainstream in American society, with estimates that 60% of men and 35% of women have viewed pornography at some time in the last year. Pornography use has been associated with both positive and negative outcomes depending on the user, and some of these conflicting results may stem from problematic measurement. Using a newly validated measure that assesses frequency, duration, arousal, and deliberate or accidental exposure to seven common types of pornography, we sought to understand whether the motivations to view pornography differed depending on biological sex of the user and the type of use they engaged in. With an sample of 312 participants, we used a variable selection to explore the most consistent predictors of pornography use. Results found that sexually based motivations were consistent motivations to use pornography for both males and females. Educationally based motivations reliably predicted accidental exposure to pornography, while emotions like sadness and tiredness reliably predicted longer durations of pornography use. These results indicate that motivations to view pornography are similar for males and females and that sexually based reasons and emotions are primary in an individual’s decision to use pornography.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2020-10-21T09:43:18Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1066480720956640
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2020)
  • A Systematic Review of the Association Between Partnership and Life
    • Authors: Brittany Stahnke, Morgan Cooley
      Pages: 182 - 189
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Volume 29, Issue 2, Page 182-189, April 2021.
      Demographic trends in partnership have revealed that more people are remaining single or becoming single as they grow older by choice or life circumstance. Understanding whether there is an association between partnership and life satisfaction may provide relevant information on how to better support individuals either choosing or finding themselves single. Although there are a limited number of studies with the explicit purpose of examining partnership status and life satisfaction, this review intended to synthesize current knowledge in order to better understand and explore the context of this important demographic trend. This review examined published peer-reviewed articles in three major social science databases (PsycArticles, PsycINFO, and Social Services ) between 2009 and 2020 and identified nine articles for inclusion. Examining single persons compared to those in marital or nonmarital partnerships, the results of this review indicate a more positive association between partnership and life satisfaction while also demonstrating several gaps and a lack of research. The results of this review support the need for more in-depth research on the life satisfaction of adults as well as a greater exploration of the context of life satisfaction among diverse groups of single adults.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2020-12-08T09:27:50Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1066480720977517
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2020)
  • Together We Can: Increase Couple Functioning for Low-SES Families
    • Authors: Lindsey Almond, Eboni Baugh, Jacquelyn Mallette, Kate Taylor Harcourt-Medina
      Pages: 190 - 199
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Volume 29, Issue 2, Page 190-199, April 2021.
      This study reviews how parenting efficacy and the coparenting relationship are influenced by a shortened and adapted Together We Can relationship program. Researchers were interested in determining how socioeconomic status and race impact parenting and coparenting outcomes. Participants included 26 White and African American individuals. Bronfenbrenner’s ecological theory and the spillover hypothesis assist with understanding how participant’s environments have impacted their current relationship and parenting practices. Statistically significant differences were found between pre- and posttests on both parenting and coparenting outcomes; further analyses showed racial and socioeconomic differences within these outcomes. As society continues to form increased romantic relationships and parenting systems, relationship education programs should be evaluated with varied populations.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2020-12-17T09:12:30Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1066480720977514
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2020)
  • Conceptual and Application Considerations of Emotionally Focused Therapy
           With White Heterosexual Working-Class Rural Males
    • Authors: Mackenzie Ceniza, Robert Allan
      Pages: 200 - 207
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Volume 29, Issue 2, Page 200-207, April 2021.
      Emotionally focused therapy (EFT) is an empirically supported approach to couple’s therapy and offers a clear structure and map for working with this population. There are few publications in the research literature that focus on White heterosexual working-class rural males in coupled relationships. This article offers several specific applications and a case conceptualization to demonstrate EFT with this population. Specific responses to stressors affecting the therapeutic relationship involve normalizing the help-seeking process, exploring the impact of alexithymia, and unearthing how hegemonic masculinity has affected emotional expression. EFT is effective for work with White heterosexual working-class rural males in monogamous coupled relationships because of its focus on the attachment bond. EFT builds a secure relationship foundation for the individual and the couple to explore the impact of masculinity within the relationship.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2020-10-30T09:14:33Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1066480720966525
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2020)
  • The Complexity of Generational Status and Ethnic Identity of Japanese
    • Authors: Lorine Erika Saito
      Pages: 213 - 219
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Volume 29, Issue 2, Page 213-219, April 2021.
      Japanese Americans comprise multiple generations, with a first wave of immigrants entering the United States in the 1800s. The current generation of Japanese American descendants today includes over five generations. The purpose of this qualitative study is to explore the ethnic identity of fourth- and fifth-generation Japanese American adults. Forty participants were interviewed as part of a larger study and deemed exempt by institutional review board. Results indicate that ethnic identity for multigenerational Japanese American adults is complex, with factors that include the impact of historical and intergenerational ties to World War II, continuance of family and cultural traditions, and identity as American but perceived as “forever foreigner.” Family counselor recommendations include considering historical background of Asian American and minority groups, rethinking educational curriculum through transformative social and emotional learning.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2020-12-21T07:47:25Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1066480720977510
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2020)
  • Mother–Daughter Work–Family Role Transmission: Effects on Daughters’
           Work and Family Satisfaction
    • Authors: Xiaohui Li, Xiaowen Guan
      Pages: 227 - 236
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Volume 29, Issue 2, Page 227-236, April 2021.
      This study addresses the impact of intergenerational transmission on women’s work–family life. Drawn from the two-generation sample in the Youth Development Study, this study examines the effects of intergenerational similarity in working status, intergenerational communication, and social support on women’s work and family satisfaction. The study controlled for family of origin socioeconomic status, working hours, relationship duration, and number of children. The results show that intergenerational transmission of work–family configurations from mothers to daughters does exist in their general employment status, but the effects on women’s family satisfaction occur mostly through intergenerational communication. Additionally, social support from both work and family is found to have direct and indirect impacts on women’s work and family satisfaction. The findings can be used to advance a tentative model to examine intergenerational transmission effects and verify the importance of social support in promoting women’s functional outcomes at work and home.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2020-06-30T09:18:15Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1066480720934484
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2020)
  • Using Structural Family Therapy to Understand the Impact of Poverty and
           Trauma on African American Adolescents
    • Authors: Noelle Chappelle, Eman Tadros
      Pages: 237 - 244
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Volume 29, Issue 2, Page 237-244, April 2021.
      Adolescence is a period in which there are many challenges due to the rapid changes in an adolescent’s mind, body, emotions, and role expectations. Living in poverty and experiencing trauma exacerbate this challenging time. The purpose of this literature review is to explore the available research surrounding African American adolescents who have experienced poverty and trauma. Additionally, the goal was to examine the literature on African American adolescents who experienced poverty and trauma conceptualized through the lens of structural family therapy. Clinical implications are provided, and additional research directions within the field of marriage and family therapy/counseling are offered with respect to the intersection of trauma, poverty, protective factors, and African American adolescents and their families.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2020-08-26T11:48:14Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1066480720950427
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2020)
  • Helicopter Parenting Style and Parental Accommodations: The Moderating
           Role of Internalizing and Externalizing Symptomatology
    • Authors: Laurel M. Casillas, Sara R. Elkins, Christine A. P. Walther, G. Thomas Schanding, Mary B. Short
      Pages: 245 - 255
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Volume 29, Issue 2, Page 245-255, April 2021.
      High parental involvement has been linked to positive outcomes; however, helicopter parenting may result in negative outcomes. The behaviors demonstrated by “helicopter parents” resemble parental accommodations, which are behavior modifications intended to alleviate their child’s distress. The current study examined the relation between helicopter parenting and parental accommodations, while also examining child internalizing and externalizing symptomatology as possible moderators. Parents (N = 400) of children (ages 4–11) from across the United States completed surveys and rating scales. Parents, who endorsed higher levels of helicopter parenting, endorsed significantly higher levels of accommodations than parents who endorsed lower levels of helicopter parenting. Results suggested helicopter parenting differed depending on the types of accommodations provided. This study provides additional clarity for the construct of helicopter parenting and suggests that parents higher in this construct may exhibit difficulties related to accommodating their child’s diagnostic symptoms.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2020-10-08T09:23:35Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1066480720961496
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2020)
  • “Continuing the Connection” or “Carrying On”' A Qualitative
           Evidence Synthesis of How Widows Explain the Physical Health Outcomes
           After Spousal Loss
    • Authors: Umair Majid, Jeffrey Ennis
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Ahead of Print.
      The experience of losing a loved one can have profound effects on physical and psychological well-being, and previous research has reported an increased risk of mortality after spousal loss. This qualitative evidence synthesis reviewed 16 studies on the perspectives of widows who experienced adverse physical health outcomes after spousal loss. This review examines how widows described or explained the physical health outcomes after losing their spouse. We found that widows implicitly associated the physical health outcomes they experienced with losing their spouse. They described that losing their spouse exacerbated preexisting illness and led to new disease conditions such as heart failure, rheumatoid arthritis, infections, acute urinary retention, shingles, and impaired mobility. While these physical health outcomes limited widows’ ability to come to terms with their loss, widows in multiple studies prioritized the emotional and mental consequences associated with grief over any physical health outcomes they experienced. Furthermore, since the deceased spouse performed caregiving responsibilities, the surviving spouse experienced a shift from caregiving to self-management of their preexisting medical condition. In situations where widows were unable to meet their own health needs, they experienced an intensification of their own illness. Given these findings, we consider the relationship between widows’ meaning-making and physical and clinical outcomes. We discuss how meaning-making can contribute to severe emotional, mental, and physical health outcomes after a traumatic event such as spousal loss.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2020-12-14T11:33:33Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1066480720973417
  • Examining the Outcomes of the InsideOut Dad Fatherhood Education Program
           for Incarcerated Minority Fathers
    • Authors: Joshua J. Turner, Kay Bradford, Brian J. Higginbotham, Andrea Coppin
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Ahead of Print.
      Using a mixed-methods approach, this study examined the outcomes and experiences of incarcerated minority fathers (N = 713) who participated in InsideOut Dad, a widely used, corrections-based fatherhood education program. Quantitative analyses indicated decreases in partner conflict among participants and more positive perceptions of subjective well-being. Qualitative analyses revealed that the program was positively received, with participants noting the skills they developed. As a result of fatherhood education, incarcerated minority fathers reported being empowered and more confident in their roles as fathers and that they learned needed skills to be responsible and responsive fathers. Such findings may inform facilitators of corrections-based parenting programs on best practices for serving incarcerated fathers from historically underserved groups.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2020-12-10T09:44:01Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1066480720978541
  • The Communication Skills and Family Resources in the University Students:
           The Moderating Effect of Encoding Skills and Commitment to Family
    • Authors: Yusuke Kataoka, Koji Tsuchiya
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Ahead of Print.
      Background:Although communication skills can lead to family resources, the association between communication skills in adolescents and family resources remains to be examined multi-dimensionally. Therefore, we examined whether family resources are predicted by six categories of communication skills. Further, we examined the moderating effect of encoding skills and commitment to family in the association between decoding skills and family resources.Method:One hundred forty university students completed several questionnaires assessing communication skills, family resources, and commitment to family.Results:Results indicated that expressivity in communication skills positively predicted cohesion and trust in family strength, and regulation of interpersonal relationships negatively predicted balance between individual family members and the family system. Additionally, analysis showed that commitment to family moderated relationships between “deciphering ability” and trust in family strength in family resources. The hypothesis that trust in family strength is negatively predicted by deciphering ability among those low in commitment to family is supported.Discussion:It can be effective in clinical support to help individuals express feelings and needs to enhance family resources needed to bounce back from a crisis. However, in individuals low in commitment to family, when a practitioner helps individuals with high deciphering ability enhance their commitment to family, it is important to help prevent negative family relationships caused by experiencing mental burdens generated by family dynamics.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2020-11-29T06:05:59Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1066480720966524
  • Family Roles, Family Dysfunction, and Depressive Symptoms
    • Authors: Hanna Zagefka, Joshua Jones, Alara Caglar, Ritu Girish, Carly Matos
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Ahead of Print.
      This work focuses on different roles individuals might adopt in their family of origin: hero, scapegoat, lost child, mascot, caretaker, and mastermind. It was explored whether family dysfunction in the family of origin makes it more likely that individuals will take on certain roles, in particular those of “scapegoat” and “lost child.” Further, it was tested whether the problematic roles of scapegoat and lost child are linked to greater depressive symptoms later on during adulthood. Support for these predictions was found in two correlational survey studies of young and older adults retrospectively reporting the roles they assumed in their family of origin (N = 176 and 366, respectively). Findings are discussed in terms of their implications for family therapy.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2020-11-25T08:38:38Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1066480720973418
  • Exploring Alcohol Use and Social Connection Among Older Latinxs: A Brief
    • Authors: Rikki Patton, Eman Tadros, Natasha Finney
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Ahead of Print.
      Research exploring alcohol use among older adults is relatively sparse, particularly among racial minoritized individuals. The current study aimed to address this gap in the literature by exploring the relationship between social connection and alcohol use among older Latinxs. Secondary data from the Sacramento Area Latinx Study on Aging were used for the current study. Data were provided from participants of 60-101 years (per ICPSR) (n = 1,631) who answered questions including demographics, proxy variables assessing social connection, and alcohol use. Several demographic variables were significantly related to alcohol use. Two social connection variables—living alone and friendship—were also significantly related to alcohol use. There is a potential link between alcohol use and social connection among older Latinxs. Further evaluation examining social connection and substance use patterns more generally is needed.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2020-10-21T09:47:09Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1066480720964057
  • Reasons for Divorce in Turkey and the Characteristics of Divorced
           Families: A Retrospective Analysis
    • Authors: Sibel Coşkun, Deniz Sarlak
      Abstract: The Family Journal, Ahead of Print.
      Turkey is a country where, between Eeastern and Wwestern culture, recently divorce rates are increasing. This study was conducted to investigate the reasons for divorce and the characteristics of families who appealed for divorce. In this study, the divorce court cases filed in 2010 were examined as retrospective. Three hundred thirty-six case files could be accessed and content analysis was done. The findings showed that 60.1% of all appeals were made by women, and the marriage duration of 41.9% of couples was between 1 and 6 years. The reasons were determined that 48.4% of cases were fighting/conflict, 38.7% were psychological violence, 19.4% were financial problems, 18.5% were nonmarital relationships, and 12.9% were alcohol/drug abuse. The custody of 69.1% of children below age 18 was given to the mother. However, only half of these mothers received alimony. As a consequence, violence continues to be an important reason in divorce, and family counseling services should be more effective in Turkey. This study will contribute to understand the causes of increasing divorces and to development of family counseling services.
      Citation: The Family Journal
      PubDate: 2020-02-10T10:38:10Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1066480720904025
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