Subjects -> SOCIAL SCIENCES (Total: 1859 journals)
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    - SOCIAL SCIENCES (1121 journals)
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    - WOMEN'S STUDIES (189 journals)

SEXUALITY (59 journals)

Showing 1 - 59 of 59 Journals sorted alphabetically
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
AIDS Research and Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Archives of Sexual Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Bagoas - Estudos gays: gêneros e sexualidades     Open Access  
BMJ Sexual & Reproductive Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cadernos de Gênero e Diversidade     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cadernos Pagu     Open Access  
Cuadernos Kóre     Open Access  
Culture, Health & Sexuality: An International Journal for Research, Intervention and Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
European Journal of Politics and Gender     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Gay and Lesbian Law Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Genre, sexualité & société     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
HIV/AIDS - Research and Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Human Reproduction Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Sexuality and Gender Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
International Journal of Transgender Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Bisexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Black Sexuality and Relationships     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Gay & Lesbian Issues in Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Gay & Lesbian Psychotherapy     Partially Free   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Gender and Power     Open Access  
Journal of GLBT Family Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Homosexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Lesbian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of LGBT Health Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of LGBT Issues in Counseling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of LGBT Youth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Psychosexual Health     Open Access  
Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Sex Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Sexual & Reproductive Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the Gay and Lesbian Medical Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Mandrágora     Open Access  
Psychology & Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
QED : A Journal in GLBTQ Worldmaking     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Queer Cats Journal of LGBTQ Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Queer Studies in Media & Popular Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Raheema     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Religion and Gender     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Revista Periódicus     Open Access  
Screen Bodies : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Experience, Perception, and Display     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Seksuologia Polska     Full-text available via subscription  
Sex Roles     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Sexes     Open Access  
Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity: The Journal of Treatment & Prevention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Sexual and Relationship Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Sexual Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sexualities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Sexuality & Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Sexuality and Disability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Sexuality Research and Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Sexualization, Media, & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
SQS - Suomen Queer-tutkimuksen Seuran lehti     Open Access  
Theology & Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Transgender Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Whatever : A Transdisciplinary Journal of Queer Theories and Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Zeitschrift für Sexualforschung     Hybrid Journal  
Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Sexuality Research and Social Policy
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.752
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 8  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1868-9884 - ISSN (Online) 1553-6610
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2652 journals]
  • Motivational Interviewing as Evidence-Based Practice' An Example from
           Sexual Risk Reduction Interventions Targeting Adolescents and Young Adults
           
    • Abstract: This paper critically examines sexual risk reduction interventions, more specifically how they are evaluated and the implications that this has for sexual health policy. The focus is on motivational interviewing (MI) interventions which aim to promote protective behaviors related to sexual risk on the part of young people. MI has become increasingly popular, largely due to it being a highly flexible counseling approach that may, with adequate staff training, and fidelity in implementation, be tailored to many different settings (e.g., health care, schools and in community work). Following a scoping review that comprised 34 papers, of which 29 were unique studies, the range and type of existing research were examined. The results show a wide range of study designs and evaluation procedures, MI conceptualizations, modes of MI delivery, and the particular sub-populations of youth and sexual risk behaviors targeted. While this makes it difficult to draw any generalized conclusions about “what works” in prevention, it provides important insights about the complexity of sexual risk behavior as well as complex behavioral treatment approaches like MI. We therefore problematize the political drive to implement evidence-based methods without adequate resource allocation and contextual adaptation.
      PubDate: 2019-03-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-019-00388-y
       
  • Supporting LGBTQ+ Foster Teens: Development of a
           Relationship-Focused,Self-Guided Curriculum for Foster Families
    • Abstract: LGBTQ+ youth are over-represented in the foster care system. Child welfare systems across the country have been struggling with how to make their systems work better for the LGBTQ+ youth they serve. One strategy is developing foster caregiver trainings that bolster caregivers’ knowledge and support of LGBTQ+ youth in their care. This study has three aims: (1) to provide an overview of a module designed to support relationship building between LGBTQ+ youth in foster care and their caregivers, (2) to describe the theater testing procedure used to assess usability of the developed module with foster caregivers and adults, and (3) to share the results of the theater test. Overall, participants provided positive usability feedback about the module activities, as well as a wide variety of recommendations for strengthening the content for widespread use. Participants felt the module should be directed specifically toward caregiver skill development rather than toward both caregiver and youth support. This module represents one example of how materials focused on building foster caregivers’ knowledge and support have the potential to help LGBTQ+ teens who are over-represented in the foster care system.
      PubDate: 2019-03-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-019-00387-z
       
  • Attitudes and Beliefs of Italian Educators and Teachers Regarding Children
           Raised by Same-Sex Parents
    • Abstract: Teachers and educators represent meaningful relationships for children, and their attitudes can have a major influence on a child’s development. This research examined the role of background characteristics, contact experiences, and sexual prejudice in determining beliefs about children’s adjustment in same-sex parent families. The sample consisted of 323 Italian teachers and educators working in nursery schools, kindergartens, and primary schools. The Scale on Beliefs about Children’s Adjustment in Same-Sex Families was used to assess adults’ beliefs about negative impacts on children raised in same-sex parent families. Hierarchical multiple regression was used to test the association between individual and normative opposition to same-sex parenting and background information, political and religious orientation, contact experiences, sexual prejudice, and beliefs about same-sex couples’ parenting abilities. Sexual prejudice, religious involvement, and negative beliefs about two-father couples emerged as strong predictors of individual and normative opposition to same-sex parenting, whereas political orientation and negative beliefs about two-mother couples predicted only the individual form of opposition. Empirical data are essential in understanding the level of prejudice and discrimination in schools in order to provide policies and programs designed to improve knowledge and competencies to deal with same-sex parent families and their children.
      PubDate: 2019-03-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-019-00386-0
       
  • Minority Stress in Older Portuguese Gay and Bisexual Men and Its Impact on
           Sexual and Relationship Satisfaction
    • Abstract: By 2050, the elderly population is expected to represent more than one third of the Portuguese population. Previous research demonstrated a significant increase of the LGB population in this age group, and that the needs of these individuals are not being addressed. Elderly LGB people, as both a sexual minority and an older age cohort, are particularly vulnerable to double stigma. The aim of this study was to evaluate how minority status of gay/bisexual men and its association with other psychosocial variables may affect sexual and relationship satisfaction. The sample was recruited online and composed of 110 gay/bisexual men aged 60 years or older (M = 63.5; SD = 3.41). Regression analyses showed that both the concealment of sexual identity in recent years and self-stigma significantly affected sexual and relationship satisfaction. In contrast, age-related discrimination was not associated with sexual satisfaction or relationship satisfaction. Gay and bisexual elderly men in this study tended to maintain their sexual identity hidden from others, possibly due to a lack of openness of the Portuguese society to accept homoaffective behavior. Implications for future research are discussed.
      PubDate: 2019-03-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-019-00385-1
       
  • Across Serostatus: a Study of Subjugation and Resistance in Older Gay
           Men’s Experiences Navigating Health Care
    • Abstract: Despite the recognition of older gay men’s unique health needs, the health care experiences of this group have seldom been explored empirically. Accordingly, in this qualitative study, we utilize a poststructuralist approach to grounded theory known as situational analysis to examine older gay men’s experiences with health care. Specifically, we draw on interviews with 27 gay men ages 50 and over, 16 of whom disclosed being HIV-positive at the time of recruitment, to consider this group’s interactions with formal health systems. We analyze how processes of subjugation and resistance are reflected in older gay men’s narrative accounts of navigating health care, and in this process, highlight the role of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in constructing health care as a site of subjugation and resistance for these men. We inductively examine discourses, interpretations of medical practices, and constructions of aging gay bodies that together reflect the historical and contemporary role of HIV/AIDS in shaping present day systems of heath care for older gay men. We conclude the paper with implications for research and policy in the area of gay aging, including the need for specialized psychosocial services targeting the needs of older gay men in health systems.
      PubDate: 2019-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-018-0344-y
       
  • Gender Identity Nondiscrimination Laws in Public Accommodations: a Review
           of Evidence Regarding Safety and Privacy in Public Restrooms, Locker
           Rooms, and Changing Rooms
    • Abstract: Legislation, regulations, litigation, and ballot propositions affecting public restroom access for transgender people increased drastically in the last three years. Opponents of gender identity inclusive public accommodations nondiscrimination laws often cite fear of safety and privacy violations in public restrooms if such laws are passed, while proponents argue that such laws are needed to protect transgender people and concerns regarding safety and privacy violations are unfounded. No empirical evidence has been gathered to test such laws’ effects. This study presents findings from matched pairs analyses of localities in Massachusetts with and without gender identity inclusive public accommodation nondiscrimination ordinances. Data come from public record requests of criminal incident reports related to assault, sex crimes, and voyeurism in public restrooms, locker rooms, and dressing rooms to measure safety and privacy violations in these spaces. This study finds that the passage of such laws is not related to the number or frequency of criminal incidents in these spaces. Additionally, the study finds that reports of privacy and safety violations in public restrooms, locker rooms, and changing rooms are exceedingly rare. This study provides evidence that fears of increased safety and privacy violations as a result of nondiscrimination laws are not empirically grounded.
      PubDate: 2019-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-018-0335-z
       
  • Conventional and Cutting-Edge: Definitions of Family in LGBT Communities
    • Abstract: This paper uses data from a study of 105 lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people to examine conceptions of family in LGBT communities. Respondents were asked how they would define “family” and whom they consider to be their current family. The study sought to determine whether constructionist definitions of family (“families of choice”) remain dominant among LGBT people. Earlier research had clearly established the importance of friends as chosen family in this population, but a growing emphasis on same-sex marriage and increased gay and lesbian parenting might be expected to cause some LGBT people to shift toward more traditional definitions of family. Results show that constructionist definitions remain prominent in abstract conceptions of family, but also that LGBT people frequently define biological and legal relatives as members of their current family, and few define their current family as only consisting of chosen family. The notion of families of choice continues to resonate, but chosen family members mostly complement rather than replace other kinds of family in definitions of one’s current family.
      PubDate: 2019-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-018-0324-2
       
  • Sexual and Gender Minority Youth’s Perspectives on Sharing De-identified
           Data in Sexual Health and HIV Prevention Research
    • Abstract: Funding agencies encourage and sometimes require data sharing. However, there is limited empirical research on participant perspectives on sharing de-identified data from research on sensitive topics (e.g., HIV, sexual health) with other researchers, and virtually none from adolescents or sexual and gender minority (SGM) participants. SGM teens (N = 197) ages 14–17 completed an online survey with multiple-choice and open-ended items assessing perspectives toward sharing survey responses and blood samples from sexual health and HIV testing studies with other researchers. SGM youth were willing to share data but frequently cited confidentiality and privacy concerns, including fears about parents finding out about their identities even after de-identification was explained. Researchers need to ensure youth understand explanations of data security protections in order to make well-informed decisions about participating in research.
      PubDate: 2019-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-018-0372-7
       
  • Cohabitation and Romantic Relationship Quality Among Portuguese Lesbian,
           Gay, and Heterosexual Individuals
    • Abstract: Lesbian and gay (LG) individuals are perceived as having poorer relationship functioning than heterosexual individuals, but this negative appraisal is not translated into actual relationship experiences. Indeed, relationship quality outcomes do not vary according to sexual orientation. Cohabitation status may play an important role, because it symbolizes relationship commitment and intimacy particularly for LG individuals. A cross-sectional study (N = 425, 52.9% women; Mage = 28.38, SD = 6.89) with romantically involved LG (38.4%) and heterosexual (61.6%) individuals examined the association between cohabitation and relationship quality outcomes. To isolate the role of cohabitation, cohabiting individuals were compared according to relationship legal status. Results showed that cohabiting (vs. non-cohabiting) LG individuals were more committed, invested, and satisfied, but those who legalized (vs. did not legalize) their union were only more committed. Among heterosexual individuals, no differences were observed. Furthermore, LG (vs. heterosexual) individuals were overall more committed, satisfied, and invested when cohabiting with their partner (especially in legalized unions), whereas heterosexual (vs. LG) individuals were more committed in non-cohabiting relationships. No other differences were found. This suggests that cohabitation may be used by LG individuals as a strategy to strengthen relationship quality and that legal recognition further increases relationship commitment.
      PubDate: 2019-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-018-0343-z
       
  • Sources of Sex Information Used by Young British Women Who Have Sex with
           Women (WSW) and Women Who Have Sex Exclusively with Men (WSEM): Evidence
           from the National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles
    • Abstract: There is little consideration about the provision of information about sex to women who have sex with women (WSW). This study drew on data from the third National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles, a nationally representative survey of people in Great Britain. Logistic regression was undertaken to examine firstly the relationships between WSW and women who have sex exclusively with men (WSEM) and their main source of information about sex, and secondly between WSW/WSEM and unmet need for information about sex. Each source was included as the binary outcome indicating yes as this was the main source, or no as this was not the main source of information about sex. The results found that WSW had significantly lower odds of reporting lessons at schools as their main source of information and significantly higher odds of reporting sources defined as ‘other’ (predominantly first girlfriend/boyfriend or sexual partner) as their main source of information. Reported levels of unmet need for information were also higher among young WSW compared with WSEM. This study provides new insights into the sex educational needs of young women and highlights the need for sex education in schools in Great Britain to include information on a full range of sexual practices, including same-sex sexual relationships.
      PubDate: 2019-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-018-0327-z
       
  • Facing Transgender and Cisgender Patients: the Influence of the Client’s
           Experienced Gender and Gender Identity on Clinical Evaluation
    • Abstract: The present study aims at investigating the role of anti-transgender bias in the psychological assessment of transgender (vs. cisgender) patients. To this purpose, a female sample of licensed psychotherapists (N = 218) was presented with clinical vignettes that described a transgender (vs. cisgender) man (vs. woman) reporting depressive symptoms or anger outbursts. Participants were asked to evaluate the fictitious patient answering questions on their diagnostic impressions (e.g., psychopathological severity). Moreover, the respondents’ individual variables (i.e., right-wing authoritarianism) were also assessed. Results revealed that, for high levels of authoritarianism, psychotherapists evaluated cisgender women as more severe than transwomen and cisgender men. Implications for clinical practice are discussed.
      PubDate: 2019-02-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-019-00382-4
       
  • (Dis)abling Blame: the Influence of Disability Status on Attributions of
           Blame Toward Victims of Sexual Assault
    • Abstract: The current study examined perceptions of blame toward a female sexual assault victim to determine whether disability status as either disabled or able-bodied would impact the level of attributed blame. Given misconceptions of women living with physical disabilities as asexual and not possessing the same sexual needs and desires as their able-bodied counterparts, we hypothesized that less blame for a sexual assault would be attributed to a victim with a physical disability than to one without a physical disability. Results did not support this hypothesis. In fact, levels of victim blame appear to be stable; both vignette characters were identified as equally culpable for their sexual assault. Interestingly, the vignette character living with a physical disability was identified as having a higher need for intimacy than their non-disabled counterpart. As predicted, male participants held more blaming attitudes than female participants across both conditions. Males also perceived the victim in both conditions to have more sexual need than females did. The findings are discussed with reference to gender role adherence, perceptions of vulnerability, and belief in a just world. Theoretical and practical implications are considered.
      PubDate: 2019-02-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-019-00384-2
       
  • Religious Diversity and Party Control in the States: Explaining Adoptions
           of Same-Sex Marriage Laws
    • Abstract: Despite the burgeoning literature on morality policies in the US, the conditions under which legislation in favor of same-sex marriage has been adopted remain largely unexplored. This study examines the enactment of marriage equality laws in the US states from 2004 to 2014, by focusing on the interplay between religious diversity and party control of the state government. I argue that incorporating the religious composition of each state allows to better understand the crucial role that political parties play in the policy-making process. The results of the discrete-time event history analysis show that party control of the state government is an important factor determining policy output only in those states that are religiously more diverse. Conversely, in religiously homogeneous states, the effect of Democratic versus Republican and divided governments is not significant.
      PubDate: 2019-02-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-019-0379-8
       
  • Interpersonal Vulnerability and Its Association with Depressive Symptoms
           Among Gay and Heterosexual Men
    • Abstract: The current study aimed to examine whether Israeli gay men reported higher interpersonal vulnerability in comparison with matched Israeli heterosexual men and to further assess the association between interpersonal vulnerability and depressive symptoms as a function of sexual orientation. Israeli gay men (N = 474) were individually matched with Israeli heterosexual men (N = 474) who completed measures of hostile-world scenario (HWS) in the interpersonal domain and depressive symptoms. Results indicated that gay men reported higher interpersonal vulnerability and higher depressive symptoms in comparison with heterosexual men. Also, a stronger positive association was found between interpersonal vulnerability and depressive symptoms among gay, in comparison with heterosexual, men. The findings may be explained in terms of minority stress, stigma, family and peer rejection, as well as discriminatory local policies regarding sexual minority rights, which serve as potential contributors to more interpersonal concerns and more depressive symptoms among gay, in comparison with heterosexual, men.
      PubDate: 2019-02-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-019-00383-3
       
  • Improving the Health of Cisgender Men Who Identify as Bisexual: What Do
           They Want from Interventions'
    • Abstract: Self-identified bisexual men are at increased risk for negative health outcomes, but there are no interventions tailored to their unique needs. In order to develop interventions for this population, it is first necessary to understand their preferences. As part of a larger study, 128 cisgender men who identified as bisexual reported on their preferences for different intervention components. Large proportions of participants prioritized addressing both health (e.g., mental health, HIV/STI) and psychosocial experiences (e.g., dating/relationships, discrimination/victimization). A slightly larger proportion of participants preferred an intervention for gay and bisexual men together compared to an intervention for bisexual men only. However, those who reported more discrimination and recent female sexual partners were more likely to prefer an intervention for bisexual men only. Larger proportions of participants preferred a group intervention compared to an individual intervention and an in-person intervention compared to an online intervention. These findings highlight the importance of addressing both health and psychosocial experiences in tailored interventions for self-identified bisexual men. Further, while in-person and group interventions may appeal to larger proportions of self-identified bisexual men, the appeal of an intervention for gay and bisexual men together compared to an intervention for bisexual men only may depend on individual and social/contextual factors.
      PubDate: 2019-02-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-019-0380-2
       
  • Predictors for Condom Use With Steady Partners in QUILOMBOLA Communities
           of Sergipe
    • Abstract: Condom use with steady heterosexual partners has been insufficiently addressed in Brazil, because, in this setting, most studies are on the population of men who have sex with men or sex workers. Besides that, the literature on this topic regarding traditional communities is even scarcer. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to identify which factors are related to the consistent use of condoms with steady partners in Quilombola communities in the northeast region of Brazil. A total of 367 individuals from 14 communities were enrolled from September 2016 to June 2017. Logistic regression models for predicting the consistent use of condoms with steady partners were developed. Most of the study participants (90.73%) had steady partners. Regarding personal vulnerability to not using condoms, only 9.91% of those who had steady partners engaged in protected sexual intercourse with the partners. Provision of sexual health information and receiving condoms showed statistical significance (OR = 4.38; CI = 1.7–11.09; p = 0.002), with approximately four times greater probability of consistent condom use with steady partners, pointing to a vulnerability in relation to those who do not receive these resources. It should also be emphasized that low socioeconomic levels and geographic distance of health units can have a negative impact on access to information and condoms.
      PubDate: 2018-05-30
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-018-0341-1
       
  • Tolerance, Acceptance, or Ambivalence': Changing Expressions of
           Attitudes towards Homosexuals in Barbados
    • Authors: Alana Griffith; Peter Wickham
      Abstract: This article sought to establish whether the perception and understanding of homosexuality among Barbadians has changed. It specifically investigated whether there was evidence of change in attitudes to different categories of relationships with homosexuals, Barbadians’ knowledge of the meaning of homosexual, their self-described attitude to homosexuals, and their attitude on the decriminalization of same-sex intimacy. The analysis utilized secondary data from two national surveys on attitudes to homosexuality conducted in 2004 and 2013. A two-tailed two-proportion z test was used to determine whether the observed changes were significant with p < .05. It was found that compared with 2004, significantly more people understood homosexual to mean someone liking the same sex. Significant changes were also observed in levels of acceptance and support for decriminalization of same-sex intimacy. There were significant declines in persons indicating that they would prefer not to have homosexuals as friends, family, children, employee, employer, teacher, or public official. This shift was accompanied by significant changes in those uncertain about they felt about such relationships. Only in the categories of family and child was there a significant increase in respondents indicating they would not mind having such a relationship. The results demonstrate that Barbadian’s level of acceptance increased although not to the point of supporting decriminalization of same-sex intimacy. The paper assesses the implications of the findings for the possible policy change within the country.
      PubDate: 2018-05-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-018-0329-x
       
  • Challenges in Reach with Online Sexual Health Information Among African
           American Youth: Assessing Access and Engagement
    • Authors: M. Margaret Dolcini; Joseph A. Catania; Coral Cotto-Negron; Jesse A. Canchola; Jocelyn Warren; Cara Ashworth; Gary W. Harper; Senna Towner
      Abstract: There is a need for sexual health promotion among African American youth. The internet is an efficient means of delivering sexual health information (SHI). However, there may be disparities that reduce internet reach to low-income African American youth. The present mixed-methods study analyzed data from the U.S. Current Population Survey (national household sample; ages 14–17) and the Two-Cities Study (Chicago, San Francisco; low-income African Americans, ages 15–17) to examine internet reach, defined as access and engagement. We found that nationally, in-home internet access and cell/smartphone ownership varied by income and race/ethnicity. In-home internet access (52%) and cell/smartphone ownership (75%) were lowest among low-income African American youth. Access from other locations (e.g., libraries, schools) was also quite low. The Two-Cities Study showed that internet access and site engagement were limited by site blocking, poor privacy, affordability, and trust. Youths’ trust in SHI was conditional on their ability to authenticate SHI websites. Our study suggests that there is limited reach into African American and low-income groups, which may be addressed by decreasing internet blocking, enhancing privacy, and supporting community programs and policies to facilitate internet access. Trust in sexual health websites may be increased through directed engagement and authentication by health experts. Without higher levels of access and implementation of strategies to enhance engagement, the potential of the internet as a vehicle for sexual health promotion among African American youth will not be realized.
      PubDate: 2018-05-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-018-0332-2
       
  • Attitudes toward Same-Sex Marriage and Parenting, Ideologies, and Social
           Contacts: the Mediation Role of Sexual Prejudice Moderated by Gender
    • Authors: Olivier Vecho; Martine Gross; Emmanuel Gratton; Salvatore D’Amore; Robert-Jay Green
      Abstract: Recognition of same-sex marriage and parenting has increased in the last two decades but remains a controversial issue in which public opinion plays a role, as it can influence political leaders but also determine the immediate environment of same-sex families. The literature highlights the effect of religiosity, political orientation, beliefs about etiology of homosexuality, and social contacts with gay men and lesbians on attitudes toward same-sex marriage and parenting (ASSMP). The aim of this study was to explore the under-studied mediation role of sexual prejudice in this process and how participants’ gender moderated the mediation effects. Data were collected from 1416 heterosexual French students and analyzed with moderated mediation models in accordance with recent recommendations from Hayes (2013). Sexual prejudice mediated the effects of religiosity, political orientation, and etiological beliefs on ASSMP more strongly in men than in women. It also mediated the effect of contact with gay and lesbian persons and same-sex couples on ASSMP in men but not in women. The results highlight the need to explicitly deconstruct negative beliefs about homosexuality during debates about same-sex marriage and same-sex parenting, even when prejudice against homosexuality itself is not explicit in opponents’ discourse.
      PubDate: 2018-05-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-018-0331-3
       
  • Teaching and Learning About Sexual Diversity Within Medical Education: the
           Promises and Pitfalls of the Informal Curriculum
    • Authors: Marie Murphy
      Abstract: Although there has been a great deal of attention to medical education concerning sexual diversity in recent years, it has focused nearly exclusively on the content presented within the formal curriculum, i.e., medical schools’ required classes and other official offerings. In this article I examine the teaching and learning about sexual diversity that occurred within the informal curriculum of a top 20 US medical school. Previous research has found that the informal milieu of medical education is a site where sexual minority medical students may experience marginalization, and I found that this continues to be the case. However, I also argue that this aspect of medical education has the potential to be a very powerful form of curriculum concerning sexual diversity. The (in)visibility of sexual diversity within the interactions that comprise the informal curriculum shaped what all students, regardless of their own sexual identity, learned about sexual diversity and its place within the medical profession. Additional ethnographic research on the informal curricular processes that produce knowledge and understandings about sexual diversity in medical education may inform the development of robust policy interventions to ensure a more equitable environment for sexual minority members of the medical profession, and perhaps ultimately, more equitable, effective care of sexual minority patients.
      PubDate: 2018-05-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-018-0336-y
       
 
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