Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8677 journals)
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MEDICAL SCIENCES (2410 journals)            First | 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 | Last

Showing 1201 - 1400 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
Journal of Evidence-Based Integrative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Evidence-Based Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Exercise Science & Fitness     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Journal of Experimental and Clinical Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Family and Community Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Foot and Ankle Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Forensic Science and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Gandaki Medical College-Nepal     Open Access  
Journal of Generic Medicines     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Geographical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Hand Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Head & Neck Physicians and Surgeons     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Health & Medical Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 61)
Journal of Health and Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health Design     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health Economics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health Promotion and Behavior     Open Access  
Journal of Health Research and Reviews     Open Access  
Journal of Health Science and Medical Research     Open Access  
Journal of Health Science Research     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of health sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences / Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences and Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Health Sciences and Surveillance System     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences Scholarship     Open Access  
Journal of Health Specialties     Open Access  
Journal of Health Studies     Open Access  
Journal of Healthcare Informatics Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Heavy Metal Toxicity and Diseases     Open Access  
Journal of Helminthology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Herbs Spices & Medicinal Plants     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of HIV for Clinical and Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Hospital Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology [Medical Sciences]     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Human Hypertension     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Human Rhythm     Open Access  
Journal of Human Transcriptome     Open Access  
Journal of Ideas in Health     Open Access  
Journal of Inflammation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Inflammation Research     Open Access  
Journal of Injury and Violence Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Institute of Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Insulin Resistance     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Interactional Research in Communication Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of International Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Interventional Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Investigative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Islamabad Medical & Dental College     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Istanbul Faculty of Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Karnali Academy of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Kathmandu Medical College     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of King Abdulaziz University : Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Laboratory Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Laryngology and Voice     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Legal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Limb Lengthening & Reconstruction     Open Access  
Journal of Lumbini Medical College     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Manmohan Memorial Institute of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Marine Medical Society     Open Access  
Journal of Materials Science : Materials in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Maternal and Child Health     Open Access  
Journal of Mechanics in Medicine and Biology     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Medical and Biological Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Medical and Biomedical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Medical Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Medical Cases     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Colleges of PLA     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Medical Disorders     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Ethics     Partially Free   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Medical Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Medical Hypotheses and Ideas     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Imaging and Health Informatics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Medical Investigation and Practice     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Laboratory and Diagnosis     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Law and Ethics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Medical Microbiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Screening     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Signals and Sensors     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Medical Society     Open Access  
Journal of Medical Systems     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Medical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Medical Ultrasound     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Medicinal Botany     Open Access  
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 203)
Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Medicine and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Medicine and the Person     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Medicine in Scientific Research     Open Access  
Journal of Medicine in the Tropics     Open Access  
Journal of Medicine Research and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Medicine, Physiology and Biophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Medicines Development Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Metabolomics & Systems Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Molecular Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Movement Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Muscle Research and Cell Motility     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Nanotechnology in Engineering and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Nanotheranostics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Natural Medicines     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Natural Science, Biology and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Nature and Science of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Negative and No Positive Results     Open Access  
Journal of Nepalgunj Medical College     Open Access  
Journal of Neurocritical Care     Open Access  
Journal of Neurodegenerative Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Neurorestoratology     Open Access  
Journal of Neuroscience and Neurological Disorders     Open Access  
Journal of Nobel Medical College     Open Access  
Journal of Obesity and Bariatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Occupational Health     Open Access  
Journal of Occupational Therapy Education     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Ocular Biology, Diseases, and Informatics     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Oral Health and Craniofacial Science     Open Access  
Journal of Orofacial Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Otorhinolaryngology, Hearing and Balance Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Ovarian Research     Open Access  
Journal of Ozone Therapy     Open Access  
Journal of Palliative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Journal of Paramedical Sciences & Rehabilitation     Open Access  
Journal of Parkinsonism and Restless Legs Syndrome     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Parkinson’s Disease and Alzheimer’s Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Participatory Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Patan Academy of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Pathogens     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Patient Experience     Open Access  
Journal of Patient Safety and Risk Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews     Open Access  
Journal of Patient-Reported Outcomes     Open Access  
Journal of Periodontal Research     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Personalized Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pest Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Physiobiochemical Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Physiology-Paris     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Pioneering Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Postgraduate Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Pregnancy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Prevention & Intervention Community     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health     Open Access  
Journal of Primary Prevention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Prosthodontic Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Prosthodontics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Receptor, Ligand and Channel Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Regenerative Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Research in Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Science and Applications : Biomedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Science and Technology (Ghana)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Scientific Innovation in Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Scientific Perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Sensory Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College     Open Access  
Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Arthroplasty     Open Access  
Journal of Sleep Disorders : Treatment & Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of South American Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Spinal Disorders & Techniques     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Sports Medicine and Allied Health Sciences : Official Journal of the Ohio Athletic Trainers Association     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Stem Cell Therapy and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Stomal Therapy Australia     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 77)
Journal of Substance Use     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Surgical Academia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Surgical and Clinical Research     Open Access  
Journal of Surgical Case Reports     Open Access  
Journal of Surgical Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Surgical Technique and Case Report     Open Access  
Journal of Systemic Therapies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of The Academy of Clinical Microbiologists     Open Access  
Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Journal of the American College of Certified Wound Specialists     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the American College of Clinical Wound Specialists     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the American Medical Directors Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of the Anatomical Society of India     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of the Anus, Rectum and Colon     Open Access  
Journal of The Arab Society for Medical Research     Open Access  
Journal of the Australasian College of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of the Australasian Society of Aerospace Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Ceylon College of Physicians     Open Access  

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of Materials Science : Materials in Medicine
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.647
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 4  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0957-4530 - ISSN (Online) 1573-4838
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2626 journals]
  • N-(9-Fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl)-L-Phenylalanine/nano-hydroxyapatite hybrid
           supramolecular hydrogels as drug delivery vehicles with antibacterial
           property and cytocompatibility
    • Abstract: Abstract The intrinsic fragility of hydroxyapatite (HAP) restricts its wider applications for local delivery of antibiotics. The composites formed by integrating HAP with hydrogels can improve the properties of HAP. However, these reported composites not only require tedious preparation and employ organic solvent and toxic reagents, but also hardly have inherent antimicrobial property. In this study, N-(9-Fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl)-L-Phenylalanine/nano-hydroxyapatite (Fmoc-L-Phe/nHAP) hybrid supramolecular hydrogels with antibacterial property and cytocompatibility was prepared by integrating nHAP as reinforcement with Fmoc-L-Phe supramolecular hydrogels. The results showed that nHAP bounds in the chamber of the gel network and adheres to the fiber of Fmoc-L-Phe due to intermolecular interaction, remarkably improving the mechanical strength of Fmoc-L-Phe supramolecular hydrogels. The results of inhibition zone experiment and MTT experiment showed that the Fmoc-L-Phe/nHAP hybrid supramolecular hydrogels possess antimicrobial property and cytocompatibility. In vitro release experiment of chlorogenic acid (CGA) from the hybrid supramolecular hydrogels was performed. The study of the release kinetics indicated that the release behavior of CGA from the hybrid supramolecular hydrogels is following Weibull model and release mechanism involved Fickian diffusion and erosion of the surface of hydrogel matrix. The release of CGA shows a good inhibition effect on S. aureus. The results show that the Fmoc-L-Phe/nHAP hybrid hydrogels with antibacterial property and cytocompatibility have promising applications as drug delivery carrier. Due to the intrinsic fragility of hydroxyapatite (HAP), the properties of HAP could be improved by incorporation into hydrogels. However, these reported composites not only require tedious preparation and employ organic solvent and toxic reagents, but also hardly have inherent antimicrobial property. We prepared N-(9-Fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl)-L-Phenylalanine/nano-hydroxyapatite (Fmoc-L-Phe/nHAP) hybrid supramolecular hydrogels by integrating nHAP as reinforcement with Fmoc-L-Phe supramolecular hydrogels. The results showed that nHAP bounds in the chamber of the gel network and adheres to the fiber of Fmoc-L-Phe due to intermolecular interaction, remarkably improving the mechanical strength of Fmoc-L-Phe supramolecular hydrogels. The results of inhibition zone experiment and MTT experiment showed that the Fmoc-L-Phe/nHAP hybrid supramolecular hydrogels possess antibacterial property and cytocompatibility. In vitro release experiment of chlorogenic acid (CGA) from the hybrid supramolecular hydrogels was performed. The study of the release kinetics indicated that the release behavior of CGA from the hybrid supramolecular hydrogels is following Weibull model and release mechanism involved Fickian diffusion and erosion of the surface of hydrogel matrix. The release of CGA shows a good inhibition effect on S. aureus. The results show that the Fmoc-L-Phe/nHAP hybrid hydrogels with antibacterial property and cytocompatibility have promising applications as drug delivery carrier.
      PubDate: 2020-07-29
       
  • Rotary-jet spun polycaprolactone/nano-hydroxyapatite scaffolds modified by
           simulated body fluid influenced the flexural mode of the neoformed bone
    • Abstract: Abstract Polycaprolactone (PCL) is a biocompatible, biodegradable synthetic polymer which in combination with nanohydroxyapatite (nHAp) can give rise to a low cost, nontoxic bioactive product with excellent mechanical properties and slow degradation. Here we produced, characterized and evaluated in vivo the bone formation of PCL/nHAp scaffolds produced by the rotary jet spinning technique. The scaffolds produced were firstly soaked into simulated body fluid for 21 days to also obtain nHAp onto PCL/nHAp scaffolds. Afterwards, the scaffolds were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy. For in vivo experiments, 20 male Wistar rats were used and randomly divided in 4 experimental groups (n = 5). A critical defect of 3 mm in diameter was made in the tibia of the animals, which were filled with G1 control (clot); G2—PCL scaffold; G3—PCL/nHAp (5%) scaffold; G4—PCL/nHAp (20%) scaffold. All animals were euthanized 60 days after surgery, and the bone repair in the right tibiae were evaluated by radiographic analysis, histological analysis and histomorphometric analysis. While in the left tibias, the areas of bone repair were submitted to the flexural strength test. Radiographic and histomorphometric analyses no showed statistical difference in new bone formation between the groups, but in the three-point flexural tests, the PCL/nHAp (20%) scaffold positively influenced the flexural mode of the neoformed bone. These findings indicate that PCL/nHAp (20%) scaffold improve biomechanical properties of neoformed bone and could be used for bone medicine regenerative.
      PubDate: 2020-07-27
       
  • In vivo evaluation of interactions between biphasic calcium phosphate
           (BCP)-niobium pentoxide (Nb 2 O 5 ) nanocomposite and tissues using a rat
           critical-size calvarial defect model
    • Abstract: Abstract Natural or synthetic biomaterials are increasingly being used to support bone tissue repair or substitution. The combination of natural calcium phosphates with biocompatible alloys is an important route towards the development of new biomaterials with bioperformance and mechanical responses to mimic those of human bones. This article evaluated the structural, physical, mechanical and biological properties of a new mechanical improved nanocomposite elaborated by association of fish biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) and niobium pentoxide (Nb2O5). The nanocomposite (Nb-BCP) and the pure BCP, used as a positive control, were obtained by powder metallurgy. The density, porosity and microhardness were measured. The structural analysis was determined by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and the biological properties were studied in histological sections of critical size calvaria defects in rats, 7, 15, 30, 45 and 60 days after implantation of disks of both materials. Morphological description was made after scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and optical microscopy analysis. After sintering, the Nb-BCP nanocomposite presented four crystalline phases: 34.36% calcium niobate (CaNb2O6), 21.68% phosphorus niobium oxide (PNb9O25), 42.55% β-tricalcium phosphate (Ca3(PO4)2) and 1.31% of niobium pentoxide (Nb2O5) and exhibited increases of 17% in density, 66% in Vickers microhardness and 180% in compressive strength compared to pure BCP. In vivo study, showed biocompatibility, bioactivity and osteoconductivity similar to pure BCP. SEM showed the formation of globular accretions over the implanted nanocomposites, representing one of the stages of bone mineralization. In conclusion, the BCP and Nb2O5 formed a nanocomposite exhibiting characteristics that are desirable for a biomaterial, such as bioperformance, higher β-TCP percentage and improved physical and mechanical properties compared to pure BCP. These characteristics demonstrate the promise of this material for supporting bone regeneration.
      PubDate: 2020-07-25
       
  • Hydrothermal synthesis and characterization of magnetic Fe 3 O 4 and APTS
           coated Fe 3 O 4 nanoparticles: physicochemical investigations of
           interaction with DNA
    • Abstract: Abstract Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) especially iron oxide (Fe3O4) NPs have quite extensively been used for in vivo delivery of biomolecules and drugs because of their high bioconjugation efficiency. In this study, Fe3O4 NPs and (3-Aminopropyl) triethoxysilane (APTS) coated Fe3O4 NPs were synthesized and their interaction with Calf thymus (Ct) DNA has been studied in order to understand their usage in biomedical applications. Hydrothermal method was used for the NPs synthesis. Characterization of NPs was done using techniques like UV-Visible spectroscopy, FTIR spectroscopy, FE-SEM, EDAX, Zeta Sizer and powder XRD. Further, interaction studies of NPs with Ct-DNA were investigated using various physicochemical techniques. In UV-Visible studies, hypochromicity with binding constant 3.2 × 105 M−1 was observed. Binding constants calculated using fluorescence studies were found to be k = 3.2 × 104 M−1, 2.9 × 104 M−1 at 293 and 323 K respectively. Results of UV-Visible and fluorescence studies were in correlation with other techniques like UV-TM and CD. All studies suggested alteration in DNA conformation on interaction with surface engineered Fe3O4 NPs, stabilizing DNA-NPs conjugate via partial intercalation and electrostatic interactions. This study may facilitate our understanding regarding the physicochemical properties and DNA-binding ability of APTS-Fe3O4 NPs for their further application in magnetosensitive biosensing and drug delivery. Iron oxide based magnetic nanoparticles are well known for their excellent bio-conjugation efficiency and therefore APTS-Fe3O4 NPs were synthesized via very simple and benign hydrothermal method. Further, the interaction of APTS-Fe3O4 NPs with calf thymus DNA was studied using various physicochemical techniques to explore their potential in biomedical applications.
      PubDate: 2020-07-23
       
  • The effect of macrophages on an atmospheric pressure plasma-treated
           titanium membrane with bone marrow stem cells in a model of guided bone
           regeneration
    • Abstract: Abstract Guided bone regeneration (GBR) is an established treatment. However, the mechanisms of GBR are not fully understood. Recently, a GBR membrane was identified that acts as a passive barrier to regenerate bone via activation and migration of macrophages (Mps) and bone marrow stem cells (BMSCs). Atmospheric pressure plasma treatment of the titanium membrane (APP-Ti) activated macrophages. The purpose of this study was to analyze whether macrophages attached to an APP-Ti membrane affected differentiation of BMSCs in a GBR model. Human THP-1 macrophages (hMps) were cultured on non-treated Ti (N-Ti) and APP-Ti membrane. Macrophage polarization was analyzed by RT-PCR and immunocytochemistry. Secreted proteins from hMps on N-Ti and APP-Ti were detected by LC/MS/MS. hBMSCs were co-cultured with hMps on N-Ti or APP-Ti and analyzed by osteogenic differentiation, Alizarin red S staining, and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity. N-Ti and APP-Ti membrane were also implanted into bone defects of rat calvaria. hMps on APP-Ti were polarized M2-like macrophages. hMps on N-Ti secreted plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 and syndecan-2, but hMps on APP-Ti did not. hBMSCs co-cultured with hMps on APP-Ti increased cell migration and gene expression of osteogenic markers, but suppressed mineralization, while ALP activity was similar to that of hMps on N-Ti in vitro. The volume of newly formed bone was not significantly different between N-Ti and APP-Ti membrane in vivo. M2 polarized hMps on APP-Ti suppressed osteogenic induction of hBMSCs in vitro. The indirect role of hMps on APP-Ti in newly formed bone was limited.
      PubDate: 2020-07-23
       
  • Biomimetic angle-ply multi-lamellar scaffold for annulus fibrosus tissue
           engineering
    • Abstract: Abstract Constructing a biomimetic scaffold that replicates the complex architecture of intervertebral disc annulus fibrosus (AF) remains a major goal in AF tissue engineering. In this study, a biomimetic angle-ply multi-lamellar polycaprolactone/silk fibroin (PCL/SF) AF scaffold was fabricated. Wet-spinning was used to obtain aligned PCL/SF microfiber sheets, and these were excised into strips with microfibers aligned at +30° or −30° relative to the strip long axis. This was followed by stacking two strips with opposing fiber alignment and wrapping them concentrically around a mandrel. Our results demonstrated that the scaffold possessed spatial structure and mechanical properties comparable to natural AF. The scaffold supported rabbit AF cells adhesion, proliferation, infiltration and guided oriented growth and extracellular matrix deposition. In conclusion, our angle-ply multi-lamellar scaffold offers a potential solution for AF replacement therapy and warrants further attention in future investigations.
      PubDate: 2020-07-23
       
  • Microfabrication of a biomimetic arcade-like electrospun scaffold for
           cartilage tissue engineering applications
    • Abstract: Abstract In recent years, the engineering of biomimetic cellular microenvironments has emerged as a top priority for regenerative medicine, being the in vitro recreation of the arcade-like cartilaginous tissue one of the most critical challenges due to the notorious absence of cost- and time-efficient microfabrication techniques capable of building 3D fibrous scaffolds with precise anisotropic properties. Taking this into account, we suggest a feasible and accurate methodology that uses a sequential adaptation of an electrospinning-electrospraying set up to construct a hierarchical system comprising both polycaprolactone (PCL) fibres and polyethylene glycol sacrificial microparticles. After porogen leaching, the bi-layered PCL scaffold was capable of presenting not only a depth-dependent fibre orientation similar to natural cartilage, but also mechanical features and porosity proficient to encourage an enhanced cell response. In fact, cell viability studies confirmed the biocompatibility of the scaffold and its ability to guarantee suitable cell adhesion, proliferation and migration throughout the 3D anisotropic fibrous network during 21 days of culture. Additionally, likewise the hierarchical relationship between chondrocytes and their extracellular matrix, the reported PCL scaffold was able to induce depth-dependent cell-material interactions responsible for promoting a spatial modulation of the morphology, alignment and density of the cells in vitro.
      PubDate: 2020-07-23
       
  • Correction to: Evolution of PVA gels prepared without crosslinking agents
           as a cell adhesive surface
    • Abstract: An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
      PubDate: 2020-07-21
       
  • Natural hydrogels R&D process: technical and regulatory aspects for
           industrial implementation
    • Abstract: Abstract Since hydrogel therapies have been introduced into clinic treatment procedures, the biomedical industry has to face the technology transfer and the scale-up of the processes. This will be key in the roadmap of the new technology implementation. Transfer technology and scale-up are already known for some applications but other applications, such as 3D printing, are still challenging. Decellularized tissues offer a lot of advantages when compared to other natural gels, for example they display enhanced biological properties, due to their ability to preserve natural molecules. For this reason, even though their use as a source for bioinks represents a challenge for the scale-up process, it is very important to consider the advantages that originate with overcoming this challenge. Therefore, many aspects that influence the scaling of the industrial process should be considered, like the addition of drugs or cells to the hydrogel, also, the gelling process is important to determine the chemical and physical parameters that must be controlled in order to guarantee a successful process. Legal aspects are also crucial when carrying out the scale-up of the process since they determine the industrial implementation success from the regulatory point of view. In this context, the new law Regulation (EU) 2017/745 on biomedical devices will be considered. This review summarizes the different aspects, including the legal ones, that should be considered when scaling up hydrogels of natural origin, in order to balance these different aspects and to optimize the costs in terms of raw materials and engine.
      PubDate: 2020-07-21
       
  • An innovative strategy to treat large metaphyseal segmental femoral bone
           defect using customized design and 3D printed micro-porous prosthesis: a
           prospective clinical study
    • Abstract: Abstract Five patients with segmental irregular-shaped bone defect of the femur were recruited in this study from 2017.12 to 2018.11. All patients were treated by customized design and 3D printed micro-porous prosthesis. And the procedure was divided into stages: radical debridement and temporary fixation (the first stage); the membrane formation and virtual surgery (intervening period for 6–8 weeks); definite reconstruction the defects (the second stage). Routine clinical follow-up and radiographic evaluation were done to assess bone incorporation and complications of internal fixation. The weight-bearing time and the joint function of the patients were recorded. The patients were followed up for an average of 16.4 months. The average length of bone defect and the distal residual bone was 12 cm and 6.5 cm. The average time of partial weight-bearing and full weight-bearing was 12.7 days and 2.6 months. X-ray demonstrated good osseous integration of the implant/bone interface. No complications occurred such as implant loosening, subsidence, loss of correction and infection. At the last follow-up, Harris score of hip joint was excellent in 2 cases, good in 2 cases, fair in 1 case; HSS score of knee joint was good in 4 cases, middle in 1 case. From our study, we concluded that meticulous customized design 3D printed micro-porous prosthesis combined with intramedullary nail may be a promising and an alternative strategy to treat metaphyseal segmental irregular-shaped femoral bone defect, especially for cases with massive juxta-articular bone loss.
      PubDate: 2020-07-21
       
  • Osseointegration around dental implants biofunctionalized with TGFβ-1
           inhibitor peptides: an in vivo study in beagle dogs
    • Abstract: Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of biofunctionalization with two TGF-β1 inhibitor peptides, P17 and P144, on osseointegration of CP-Ti dental implants. A total of 36 implants (VEGA, Klockner®) with 3.5 × 8 mm internal connection were used in this study, divided in three groups: (1) control group (n = 12), (2) implants which surfaces were biofunctionalized with P17 peptide inhibitor (n = 12), (3) implants with surfaces biofunctionalized by P144 peptide (n = 12). Three implants, one from each group, were inserted in both hemimandibles of 6 beagle dogs, 2 months after tooth extraction. Two animals were sacrificed at 2, 4 and 8 weeks post implant insertion, respectively. The samples were analyzed by Backscattering Scanning Electron Microscopy (BS-SEM) and histological analysis. Histomorphometric analysis of bone to implant contact (BIC), peri-implant bone fraction (BF) and interthread bone (IB) were carried out. Bone formation around implants measured by quantitative analysis, BS-SEM, was significantly higher in the P17-biofunctionalized implants, 4 and 8 weeks after the implantation. Histomorphometric analysis of BIC, BF and IB showed higher values in the P17-biofunctionalized group at initial stages of healing (2 weeks) and early osseointegration both at 4 and 8 weeks. For P144 biofunctionalized implants, the histomorphometric values obtained are also higher than control group. Accordingly, better results in the experimental groups were proven both by the quantitative and the qualitative analysis. Surface biofunctionalization with TGF-β1 inhibitor peptides, P17 and P144, resulted in better quantitative and qualitative parameters relative to implant osseointegration.
      PubDate: 2020-07-21
       
  • In-vitro bioactivity of silicate-phosphate glasses using agriculture
           biomass silica
    • Abstract: Abstract In the present work, silica extracted from the agricultural waste material; rice husk (RH) was utilized for the synthesis of biocompatible glass of general composition SiO2-P2O5-CaO-MgO-MoO3. In the synthesized glasses P2O5 (5%) and CaO (25%) was kept constant whereas MgO and MoO3 was varied from 10% to 20% and 0% to 5% respectively. The structural, morphological, elemental and functional properties of silica as well as the derived glasses were analyzed by X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FE-SEM), Energy Dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy techniques. The effect of MoO3 on the structural and thermal properties of silicate phosphate glasses has been studied in details. The bioactivity of as-synthesized glass samples were further evaluated after immersion in Simulated Body Fluid (SBF) solution which shows bioactive properties thus enabling them to be used as scaffolds in implant materials.
      PubDate: 2020-07-21
       
  • Synthesis and characterization of pH sensitive hydrogel nanoparticles
           based on poly(N-isopropyl acrylamide-co-methacrylic acid)
    • Abstract: Abstract In this work, pH-sensitive hydrogel nanoparticles based on N-isopropyl acrylamide (NIPAM) and methacrylic acid (MAA) at various molar ratios, were synthesized and characterized in terms of physicochemical and biological properties. FTIR and 1HNMR spectra confirmed the successful synthesis of the copolymer that formed nanoparticles. AFM images and FE-SEM micrographs showed that nanoparticles were spherical, but their round-shape was slightly compromised with MAA content; besides, the size of particles tends to decrease as MAA content increased. The hydrogels nanoparticles also exhibited an interesting pH-sensitivity, displaying changes in its particle size when changes in pH media occurred. Biological characterization results indicate that all the synthesized particles are non-cytotoxic to endothelial cells and hemocompatible, although an increase of MAA content leads to a slight increase in the hemolysis percentage. Therefore, the pH-sensitivity hydrogels may serve as a versatile platform as self-regulated drug delivery systems in response to environmental pH changes.
      PubDate: 2020-07-21
       
  • Nano-porous anodic alumina: fundamentals and applications in tissue
           engineering
    • Abstract: Abstract Recently, nanomaterials have been widely utilized in tissue engineering applications due to their unique properties such as the high surface to volume ratio and diversity of morphology and structure. However, most methods used for the fabrication of nanomaterials are rather complicated and costly. Among different nanomaterials, anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) is a great example of nanoporous structures that can easily be engineered by changing the electrolyte type, anodizing potential, current density, temperature, acid concentration and anodizing time. Nanoporous anodic alumina has often been used for mammalian cell culture, biofunctionalization, drug delivery, and biosensing by coating its surface with biocompatible materials. Despite its wide application in tissue engineering, thorough in vivo and in vitro studies of AAO are still required to enhance its biocompatibility and thereby pave the way for its application in tissue replacements. Recognizing this gap, this review article aims to highlight the biomedical potentials of AAO for applications in tissue replacements along with the mechanism of porous structure formation and pore characteristics in terms of fabrication parameters.
      PubDate: 2020-07-08
       
  • A data-driven polynomial approach to reproduce the scar tissue outgrowth
           around neural implants
    • Abstract: Abstract Despite the huge complexity of the foreign body reaction, a quantitative assessment over time of the scar tissue thickness around implanted materials is needed to figure out the evolution of neural implants for long times. A data-driven approach, based on phenomenological polynomial functions, is able to reproduce experimental data. Nevertheless, a misuse of this strategy may lead to unsatisfactory results, even if standard indexes are optimized. In this work, an effective in silico procedure was presented to reproduce the scar tissue dynamics around implanted synthetic devices and to predict the capsule thickness for times before and after experimental detections.
      PubDate: 2020-07-06
       
  • Recovery of motor function after traumatic spinal cord injury by using
           plasma-synthesized polypyrrole/iodine application in combination with a
           mixed rehabilitation scheme
    • Abstract: Abstract Traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) can cause paralysis and permanent disability. Rehabilitation (RB) is currently the only accepted treatment, although its beneficial effect is limited. The development of biomaterials has provided therapeutic possibilities for TSCI, where our research group previously showed that the plasma-synthesized polypyrrole/iodine (PPy/I), a biopolymer with different physicochemical characteristics than those of the PPy synthesized by conventional methods, promotes recovery of motor function after TSCI. The present study evaluated if the plasma-synthesized PPy/I applied in combination with RB could increase its beneficial effects and the mechanisms involved. Adult rats with TSCI were divided into no treatment (control); biopolymer (PPy/I); mixed RB by swimming and enriched environment (SW/EE); and combined treatment (PPy/I + SW/EE) groups. Eight weeks after TSCI, the general health of the animals that received any of the treatments was better than the control animals. Functional recovery evaluated by two scales was better and was achieved in less time with the PPy/I + SW/EE combination. All treatments significantly increased βIII-tubulin (nerve plasticity) expression, but only PPy/I increased GAP-43 (nerve regeneration) and MBP (myelination) expression when were analyzed by immunohistochemistry. The expression of GFAP (glial scar) decreased in treated groups when determined by histochemistry, while morphometric analysis showed that tissue was better preserved when PPy/I and PPy/I + SW/EE were administered. The application of PPy/I + SW/EE, promotes the preservation of nervous tissue, and the expression of molecules related to plasticity as βIII-tubulin, reduces the glial scar, improves general health and allows the recovery of motor function after TSCI. The implant of the biomaterial polypyrrole/iodine (PPy/I) synthesized by plasma (an unconventional synthesis method), in combination with a mixed rehabilitation scheme with swimming and enriched environment applied after a traumatic spinal cord injury, promotes expression of GAP-43 and βIII-tubulin (molecules related to plasticity and nerve regeneration) and reduces the expression of GFAP (molecule related to the formation of the glial scar). Both effects together allow the formation of nerve fibers, the reconnection of the spinal cord in the area of injury and the recovery of lost motor function. The figure shows the colocalization (yellow) of βIII-tubilin (red) and GAP-43 (green) in fibers crossing the epicenter of the injury (arrowheads) that reconnect the rostral and caudal ends of the injured spinal cord and allowed recovery of motor function.
      PubDate: 2020-06-30
       
  • In-vivo evaluation of a partially resorbable poly l-lactic acid/ braided
           bioactive glass fibers reinforced composite for load bearing fracture
           fixation
    • Abstract: Abstract Our previous studies have been focused on the design, optimization and manufacture of a partially resorbable composite bone plate consisting of a poly l-lactic acid matrix reinforced with braided fabrics bioactive glass fibers (PLLA/BG). In the present study, the response of the composite samples, the degradation rate, the inflammatory response, fibrous capsule formation and tissue-implant bonding to the in-vivo environment were assessed via implantation in the rabbit subcutaneous tissue. Despite the presence of both enzymatic degradation and hydrolysis processes within the body, the rate of the molecular weight loss as an indicator of degradation did not show a significant difference with the in-vitro conditions. It was predicted that strength loss would show the same trend since it was a consequence of molecular chain disruption and the loss of molecular weight. Inexistence of chronic inflammation, as confirmed by our previous results on the controlled degradation rate, also showed the maintenance of the physiological pH in the peripheral environment of the implant. Moreover, lack of the fibrous capsule tissue around the implant indicated that the implant was bioactive. In addition, given the composition of the bioactive glass fibers, that could be bonded to soft and hard tissues, tissue bonding with the PLLA/BG composite samples was also observed, thereby confirming the bioactivity and biocompatibility of the proposed bone plate.
      PubDate: 2020-06-28
       
  • Mixed ceramic combinations in primary total hip arthroplasty achieved
           reassuring mid-to-longterm outcomes
    • Abstract: Introduction Ceramic-on-ceramic couplings demonstrated to be reliable bearings in primary total hip arthroplasty (THA), with long-term remarkable results. Like-on-like configurations were widely described. On the contrary, mixed material combinations from the same manufacturer, Delta-on-Forte or Forte-on-Delta, were poorly studied. In particular, it is unknown whether mixed ceramic combinations are more at risk of ceramic fractures. Thus, a registry study was conducted to investigate the long-term survival rates and reasons for revision of mixed ceramic combinations. A comparison with Delta-on-Delta couplings was also performed. Materials and methods The regional arthroplasty registry RIPO was enquired about three cohorts of ceramic bearings (head-on-liner: Delta-on-Forte, Forte-on-Delta, Delta-on-Delta). Demographics, survival rates and reasons for revision were evaluated and compared. Results In total, 346 (1.5%) implants had a Delta-on-Forte coupling (mean follow-up: 6.4 years). In total, 1163 (5%) THAs had a Forte-on-Delta articulation (mean follow-up: 8.2 years). Delta-on-Delta surfaces were implanted in 21,874 (93.5%) hips (mean follow-up: 3.9 years). Mixed material combinations were implanted between 2003 and 2007. The survival rates of the three cohorts were similar and were higher than 95% at 10 years. In Forte-on-Delta group, four liners failed (0.3% of the implants), whereas ceramic fractures occurred in 15 cases (0.1%) in Delta-on-Delta couplings (3 heads and 12 liners). Considering ceramic fracture as endpoint, there was no significant difference between the three survival rates. Conclusions Mixed ceramic bearing configurations from the same manufacturer in primary THA showed mid-to-longterm dependable outcomes, not inferior to the most recent like-on-like ceramic bearings. No additional risks of ceramic fractures were evident. Thus, closer follow-ups are not required.
      PubDate: 2020-06-27
       
  • Preparation of collagen/cellulose nanocrystals composite films and their
           potential applications in corneal repair
    • Abstract: Abstract As the main component of the natural cornea, collagen (COL) has been widely applied to the construction of corneal repair materials. However, the applications of collagen are limited due to its poor mechanical properties. Cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) possess excellent mechanical properties, optical transparency and good biocompatibility. Therefore, in this study, we attempted to introduce cellulose nanocrystals into collagen-based films to obtain corneal repair materials with a high strength. CNCs were incorporated at 1, 3, 5, 7 and 10 wt%. The physical properties of these composite films were characterized, and in vitro cell-based analyses were also performed. The COL/CNC films possessed better mechanic properties, and the introduction of CNCs did not affect the water content and light transmittance. The COL/CNC films demonstrated good biocompatibility toward rabbit corneal epithelial cells and keratocytes in vitro. Moreover, the collagen films with appropriate ration of CNCs effectively induced the migration of corneal epithelial cells and inhibited the myofibroblast differentiation of keratocytes. A collagen film with 7 wt% CNCs displayed the best combination of physical properties and biological performance in vitro among all the films. This study describes a nonchemical cross-linking method to enhance the mechanical properties of collagen for use in corneal repair materials and highlights potential application in corneal tissue engineering.
      PubDate: 2020-06-05
       
  • Enzymatically hardened calcium phosphate biocement with phytic acid
           addition
    • Abstract: Abstract Novel enzymatically hardened tetracalcium phosphate/monetite cements were prepared applying phytic acid/phytase (PHYT/F3P) mixture as hardening liquid after dissolving in acetic acid solution (CX cement). Properties of the cements were compared with classic cement hardened with 2% NaH2PO4 (C cement) and cement hardened with acetic acid solution (CAC cement) only. In the microstructure of CX cement, columnar growth of hydroxyapatite particles was found in the form of walls around hydroxyapatite agglomerates originated from tetracalcium phosphate which were mutually separated by a material depleted low density zone. Wet compressive strengths (CS) of all cements were practically identical contrary to about 30% higher dry CS’s of CX and CAC cements due to specific microstructure. It was verified noncytotoxic character of CX cement extracts and positive effect of CX cement on ALP activity and cell behavior during cultivation. The final Ca/P molar ratio and setting time of cement were effectively controlled by the amount of phytic acid and the change in PHYT/F3P mass ratio, or reaction time in hardening liquid, respectively.
      PubDate: 2020-05-29
       
 
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