Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8212 journals)
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MEDICAL SCIENCES (2241 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
4 open     Open Access  
AADE in Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
AAS Open Research     Open Access  
ABCS Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Abia State University Medical Students' Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
AboutOpen     Open Access  
ACIMED     Open Access  
ACM Transactions on Computing for Healthcare     Hybrid Journal  
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Acta Bio Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Bioethica     Open Access  
Acta Bioquimica Clinica Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Herediana     Open Access  
Acta Marisiensis - Seria Medica     Open Access  
Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)     Open Access  
Acta Medica Bulgarica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Medica Indonesiana     Open Access  
Acta Medica International     Open Access  
Acta Medica Iranica     Open Access  
Acta medica Lituanica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Martiniana     Open Access  
Acta Medica Peruana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Acupuncture and Herbal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Addiction Science & Clinical Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi / Health Sciences Journal of Adıyaman University     Open Access  
Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advanced NanoBiomed Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Bioscience and Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Cell and Gene Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Clinical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Advances in Clinical Radiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Life Course Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Medical Education and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Advances in Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Microbial Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Parkinson's Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Regenerative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Traditional Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Wound Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access  
African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology     Open Access  
African Journal of Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access  
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Airway     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AJOB Empirical Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
AJSP: Reviews & Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Aktuelle Ernährungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
AkupunkturPraxis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Al-Qadisiah Medical Journal     Open Access  
Alerta : Revista Científica del Instituto Nacional de Salud     Open Access  
Alexandria Journal of Medicine     Open Access  
Allgemeine Homöopathische Zeitung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Biomedical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedicine     Full-text available via subscription  
American Journal of Chinese Medicine, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Law & Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Managed Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Medical Case Reports     Open Access  
American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
American Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medicine Open     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Medicine Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Medicine Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of the Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American Journal on Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American medical news     Free   (Followers: 3)
Amrita Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Amyloid: The Journal of Protein Folding Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina     Open Access  
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Uruguay     Open Access  
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analgesia & Resuscitation : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anatolian Clinic the Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Anatomica Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Anatomical Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Anatomy Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Androgens : Clinical Research and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Angewandte Nuklearmedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Animal Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales de Pathologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Annals of 3D Printed Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Annals of Biomedical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Clinical and Medical Case Reports     Open Access  
Annals of Clinical Hypertension     Open Access  
Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Annals of Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery Protocols     Open Access  
Annals of Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Musculoskeletal Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of the College of Medicine, Mosul     Open Access  
Annals of the National Academy of Medical Sciences (India)     Open Access  
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of The Royal College of Surgeons of England     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of the RussianAacademy of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Annals of Vascular Surgery - Brief Reports and Innovations     Full-text available via subscription  
Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Anthropologie et santé     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Antibodies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Antibody Reports     Open Access  
Antibody Therapeutics     Open Access  
Anuradhapura Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anwer Khan Modern Medical College Journal     Open Access  
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apparence(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Clinical Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Medical Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arabian Journal of Scientific Research / المجلة العربية للبحث العلمي     Open Access  
Archive of Biomedical Science and Engineering     Open Access  
Archive of Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives Medical Review Journal / Arşiv Kaynak Tarama Dergisi     Open Access  
Archives of Asthma, Allergy and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Clinical Hypertension     Open Access  
Archives of Medical and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Medical Laboratory Sciences     Open Access  
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Organ Transplantation     Open Access  
Archives of Preventive Medicine     Open Access  
Archives of Pulmonology and Respiratory Care     Open Access  
Archives of Renal Diseases and Management     Open Access  
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arquivos de Medicina     Open Access  
Ars Medica : Revista de Ciencias Médicas     Open Access  
ARS Medica Tomitana     Open Access  
Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Arterial Hypertension     Open Access  
Artificial Intelligence in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Artificial Organs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ASA Monitor     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Researches     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medicine and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Population Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Research in Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Social Health and Behavior     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Transfusion Science     Open Access  
Asian Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian Pacific Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ASPIRATOR : Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies     Open Access  
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Atención Primaria Práctica     Open Access  
Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - Classe di Scienze Medico-Biologiche     Open Access  
Auris Nasus Larynx     Full-text available via subscription  
Australasian Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine (AJUM)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Journal of Medical Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Autopsy and Case Reports     Open Access  
Avicenna     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Anatolian Clinic the Journal of Medical Sciences
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2149-5254 - ISSN (Online) 2458-8849
Published by Hayat Sağlık ve Sosyal Hizmetler Vakfı Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Antibacterial effects of the combined use of cavity disinfectants and
           adhesive resin agents with antibacterial content

    • Authors: Elif Pınar BAKIR; Samican ÜNAL, Şeyhmus BAKIR
      Abstract: Aim: In this study, we aimed to evaluate antibacterial effects of the combined use of cavity disinfectants and antibacterial adhesive agents on the strains Streptococcus mutans, Lactobacillus acidophilus and Enterococcus faecalis.Methods: The evaluation was made using the disk diffusion method. Standard, sterile, empty 5-mm-diameter antibiogram discs in which 15 μL of cavity disinfectant and then 15 μL of adhesive agent were added were placed on agar plates at 2.5–3 cm intervals. The inhibition zone diameters around the discs that were left to incubate for 24–48 hours at 37°C were measured in mm. Data were statistically analyzed with one-way analysis of variance.Results: It was observed that the combination of Oksijenli Su and Clearfil SE Protect Bond had stronger antibacterial effect on S. mutans and E. faecalis while the combination of Cavity Cleanser, which contains chlorhexidine digluconate, and Clearfil SE Protect Bond had stronger effect on L. acidophilus. For all samples, the antibacterial effect at the end of the 48th hour was found to be greater than that at the end of the 24th hour, although the difference was not statistically significant (p>0.05).Conclusion: Our findings indicate that the combined use of cavity disinfectants and antibacterial adhesive agents against S. mutans, L. acidophilus, and E. faecalis in restoration treatments eliminates these microorganisms involved in the formation and development of caries and, as a result, reduces the formation of secondary caries.
      PubDate: Sat, 29 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Correlation of the variations in prevalence of coronavirus disease 2019
           and vitamin D receptor gene polymorphisms in cohorts from 26 countries

    • Authors: Lütfiye KARCIOĞLU
      Abstract: Aim: This study aimed to investigate the correlation between the rates of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) prevalence and mortality and the frequency of vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphisms at the loci rs7975232 (ApaI), rs1544410 (BsmI), rs2228570 (FokI), and rs731236 (TaqI) in cohorts from 26 countries.Methods: The study included the use of 26 countries where VDR gene polymorphisms at the loci rs731236 (TaqI), rs7975232 (ApaI), rs2228570 (FokI), and rs1544410 (BsmI) were determined and where the relevant frequencies of alleles in healthy populations were reported: Italy, China, Turkey, Japan, Mexico, Russia, India, Poland, Egypt, Czechia, Ethiopia, Saudi Arabia, Greece, the Netherlands, Korea, Spain, the United States, Pakistan, Nigeria, Lebanon, the Central African Republic, Finland, Iran, Tunisia, Brazil, and Croatia. The COVID-19 prevalence and mortality rates (per million population) reported for each country on 6 December 2020 were recorded.Results: A significant positive correlation was found between the frequency of AA genotype of rs7975232 and the COVID-19 prevalence (r=0.45, r2=0.20, p=0.02) and mortality (r=0.42, r2=0.17, p=0.03) rates. Twenty percent of the variability in prevalence and 17% of the variability in mortality could be explained by the frequency of AA genotype. Similarly, a significant positive correlation was found between the frequency of TT genotype of rs731236 and the COVID-19 prevalence (r=0.42, r2=0.17, p=0.03) rates. Seventeen percent of the variability in prevalence could be explained by the frequency of TT genotype. The correlations between the frequency of rs1544410 and rs2228570 and the COVID-19 prevalence and mortality were not significant.Conclusion: The variation in COVID-19 prevalence in the 26 populations included can be explained by the polymorphisms at the rs7975232 (ApaI) and rs731236 (TaqI) loci.
      PubDate: Sat, 29 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The role of oxidative stress-related biomarkers in ascending aortic
           dilatation: malondialdehyde and paraoxonase-1 activity

    • Authors: Gönül AÇIKSARI; Mehmet KOÇAK, Ebuzer AYDIN, Adem ATICI, Hasan BARMAN, Turgut UYGUN, Emre YALÇINKAYA, Yusuf YILMAZ, Oğuz KONAL, Mustafa CALISKAN
      Abstract: Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the antioxidative and oxidative status of patients with ascending aortic dilatation using malondialdehyde, an oxidative stress marker, and paraoxonase-1 activity, an antioxidant enzyme.Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted between August and December 2020. It included 56 consecutive patients (mean age 55.3 ± 8.6 years; range 31 to 67 years; 26 males, 30 females) with ascending aortic dilatation and 33 sex-and age-matched controls (mean age 54.5 ± 10.5 years; range 32 to 67 years; 13 males, 20 females) with normal aortic diameters. All participants were evaluated using transthoracic echocardiography. Malondialdehyde was analyzed using the thiobarbituric acid assay. Paraoxonase-1 activity was measured manually using a spectrophotometer. The relation of ascending aortic dilatation with malondialdehyde levels and paraoxonase-1 activity was identified with correlation analyses.Results: The patient group had significantly higher mean malondialdehyde than the control group (2.5 ± 1.9 μmoL/mL and 1.7 ± 0.3 μmoL/mL, respectively; p < 0.001). The patient group had significantly lower mean activity of paraoxonase-1 than the control group (18.5 ± 12.9 U/mL vs.30 ± 17.6 U/mL, respectively; p < 0.002). Serum malondialdehyde was negatively correlated with ascending aortic diameter (r = 0.293, p = 0.009). A significant negative correlation was found between the activity of serum paraoxonase-1 and ascending aortic diameter (r = -0.364, p = 0.001). Malondialdehyde levels and paraoxonase-1 activity were independent predictors of ascending aortic dilatation.Conclusion: The results are in line with the notion that increased malondialdehyde levels indicate lipid peroxidation, and decreased paraoxonase-1 activity indicates impaired antioxidant defense. Using them may help protect against the pathophysiology of ascending aortic dilatation.
      PubDate: Sat, 29 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The emergency management of three pediatric cases of button battery
           ingestion with complications

    • Authors: Ozlem COLAK; Oksan DERİNOZ, Songül TOMAR GÜNEYSU
      Abstract: Button battery ingestion (BBI) is an increasingly common pediatric condition, both nationwide and worldwide. Management algorithms, including treatment with honey or sucralfate within the first 12 hours, should be prepared for use in the emergency care of patients with suspected BBI without initial complications. In this report, we present three pediatric patients who presented to the emergency department with different symptoms and complications and were diagnosed with BBI.
      PubDate: Sat, 29 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Does the use of betahistine dihydrochloride affect positional
           nystagmus'

    • Authors: Beyza ASLAN; Hasan DEMİRHAN, İlknur YASAK, Özgür YİĞİT, Yıldırım BAYAZIT
      Abstract: Aim: In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of betahistine dihydrochloride (BD) use on positional nystagmus as an objective criterion for the diagnosis of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV).Methods: The retrospective study included 59 patients (15 males, 44 females) who were aged between 18 and 80 years and referred with suspected BPPV to the otorhinolaryngology clinic of the Istanbul Training and Research Hospital. Only patients who had no central pathology on oculomotor tests were included. Of the patients included, those not using BD were classified as Group I and those using BD medication (24 mg/day) within the last 48 hours as Group II. The positional nystagmus latency, duration, and slow-phase velocity (SPV) values were compared using videonystagmography.Results: There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of oculomotor gains (p>0.05). While there was no difference between the two groups in terms of positional nystagmus latency and SPV values, nystagmus duration was found to be significantly longer in Group II. Conclusion: Although the BD use appears to prolong the duration of nystagmus in BPPV, it does not affect the other parameters of nystagmus, including SPV, and the prolonged duration is still within normal limits. Positional nystagmus can be investigated in patients with a history of suspected BPPV and BD prescription.
      PubDate: Sat, 29 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • An evaluation of the readability of package inserts of eye drops

    • Authors: İbrahim Ethem AY; Yaşar DURANOĞLU
      Abstract: Aim: The extent to which a written text can be understood by the reader is expressed in terms of readability. The readability level of a text can be objectively measured by the use of various mathematical formulas. In this study, we aimed to determine the readability level of package inserts of eye drops on the market.Methods: A total of 75 package inserts were assessed using the Ateşman and Bezirci–Yılmaz readability formulas that had been developed for texts written in Turkish.Results: The package inserts were found to be readable with an average education level of 13–15 years and 15 years according to the Ateşman readability formula and the Bezirci–Yilmaz readability formula, respectively.Conclusion: On average, the package inserts were found to be readable with education at the undergraduate level. The required level of education is considerably high given the average education level in Turkey. Package inserts should be written in consideration of the average education level and physicians should provide patients with detailed information about the use and side effects of eye drops during prescription.
      PubDate: Sat, 29 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The effect of menopause on levels of cortisol, alpha-amylase, dopamine,
           and prolactin in women with periodontitis and healthy controls: a cross
           sectional study

    • Authors: Mithat TERZİ; Yasin ÇİÇEK, Alparslan DİLSİZ
      Abstract: Aim: In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of menopause on serum levels of cortisol, alpha-amylase, dopamine, and prolactin in women with periodontitis and healthy controls.Methods: The study included a total of 80 women. Patients were diagnosed according to the 2017 World Workshop on the Classification of Periodontal and Peri-Implant Diseases and Conditions criteria. The clinical examination included plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), probing depth (PD), and clinical attachment loss (AL) measurements. The systemic levels of cortisol, alpha-amylase,dopamine, and prolactin were measured biochemically. Data were analyzed statistically. Results: The mean participant age was 44.32±3.23 (range: 33–55) years. The mean PI was 0.98±0.10, GI 0.94±0.31, PD 2.59±0.23 mm, and AL 2.65±0.16 mm. While prolactin levels were statistically significantly lower in menopausal women (p<0.05), the changes in cortisol, alpha-amylase, and dopamine levels were not significant (p>0.05). Levels of cortisol, dopamine and prolactinwere found to be significantly high in women with periodontitis (p<0.05).Conclusion: It was found that menopause had no effect on the clinical periodontal parameters and levels of cortisol, alpha-amylase, and dopamine in women with periodontitis and healthy controls.However, menopause was associated with decreased prolactin levels, independent of the presence of periodontal disease.
      PubDate: Sat, 29 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The protective effect of iloprost on liver tissue as a remote organ in an
           experimental model of ovarian ischemia/reperfusion

    • Authors: Mehmet DURAN; Nezir YILMAZ, Ebru ANNAÇ, Mevlüt DOĞUKAN
      Abstract: Aim: In this experimental study, we aimed to investigate the protective effect of iloprost on liver tissue in a rat model of ischemia/reperfusion (I/R).Methods: A total of 32 female Sprague–Dawley rats were divided into 4 equal groups. The ovarian tissues of the rats in Group 1 did not undergo any surgical procedure. The ovarian tissues of Group 2, 3, and 4 underwent 3-hour of torsion, 3-hour detorsion + 3-hour torsion, and 3-hour torsion + 3-hour detorsion + 60-minute iloprost infusion, respectively. Sections of 7 μm thickness were taken, stained with hematoxylin–eosin, Masson trichrome, and toluidine blue, and examined with light microscopy.Results: Compared to Group 1, a statistically significant increase in sinusoidal dilatation and vascular congestion was found in Group 2, 3, and 4 (p<0.05). Compared to the other groups, more sinusoidal dilatation and vascular congestion were observed in Group 4. Similarly, Group 2, 3, and 4 showed more inflammation, fibrosis and hemorrhage and higher mast cell density compared to Group 1, although the difference was not statistically significant (p>0.05). In the histopathological scoring, Group 2 and 4 had similar scores while Group 3 scored higher.Conclusion: It was concluded that iloprost had protective effects on liver tissue against I/R injury.
      PubDate: Sat, 29 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Investigation of suicide attempts presented to the general hospital
           emergency service during the Covid-19 pandemic

    • Authors: Rümeysa YENİ ELBAY; Fatma Nur EROL
      Abstract: Aim: The aim of the present study is to examine the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of suicide attempts presenting to the general hospital emergency service during the Covid-19pandemic.Methods: The study was conducted by examining the medical records of patients who presented to the general hospital emergency department with a suicide attempt between February 01, 2021and July 31, 2021. Results: Out of 94 patients presented with suicide attempt, 59.4% were female, 34.0% were unemployed, 52.1% were single with a mean age of 35.11±14.19. Among the patients, 36 had suicide attempt(s) before. Drug overdose (86.2%) was the most common method used, followed by selfcutting (12.8%) and ingestion of rat poison (1.1%). Majority (58.5%) were discharged with psychiatricoutpatient follow-up, 27.6% were admitted to psychiatric unit, 13.8% refused psychiatric treatment. The most common age group was 25-34 years (41.5%). More than half of the cases (54.3%) had no previous psychiatric history. Between male and female patients, there was no difference in terms of presence of psychiatric diagnosis, the number of previous attempts, the method used, and the need for admission to psychiatric ward following assessment.Conclusion: In the present study, it was observed that suicide attempts in the Covid-19 period did not differ from the literature from the pre-pandemic period regarding gender, marital status, employment status, the method used and number of attempts. However, in the current sample the age range was higher and there were more patients with no previous psychiatric history. These findings reveal the importance of facilitating access to mental health services during the pandemic period. 
      PubDate: Sat, 29 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • How does fibromyalgia affect sleep quality and quality of life in patients
           with metabolic syndrome'

    • Authors: Esma DEMİRHAN; Sevgi ATAR, Nur FERHATLAR, Ömer KURU
      Abstract: Aim: In this study, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) in patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its effects on sleep quality and quality of life (QoL).Methods: The study included a total of 84 (56 females, 28 males) patients with MetS, with a mean age of 57.5 (34–74) years and mean body mass index of 32.5 (25–48.9) kg/m2. MetS was defined according to the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III criteria. The FMS diagnosis was made based on the 2013 American College of Rheumatology Alternative Criteria. QoL and sleep quality were evaluated by the Short Form 36 (SF-36) and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, respectively.Results: All patients had diabetes mellitus and were obese or overweight. Of all patients, 73.8% had poor sleep quality and 51.2% had FMS. Patients with both MetS and FMS had a statistically significant female predominance (p<0.001). Impaired sleep was present in 62.9% of patients with both MetS and FMS and 37.1% of patients with MetS only (p<0.001). All SF-36 domain scores were statistically significantly lower in the MetS+FMS group than in the MetS group (p<0.001)Conclusion: The frequency of FMS is high in patients with MetS. Sleep quality and QoL are impaired in the presence of FMS or MetS alone. The co-presence of these conditions causes poorer sleep quality and worse QoL. FMS should be considered in the treatment and followup of patients with MetS.
      PubDate: Sat, 29 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Cases of cerebrovascular disease caused by drug addiction

    • Authors: Hasan Hüseyin KARADELİ; Ruken ŞİMŞEKOĞLU
      Abstract: Illicit drug use is an important cause of stroke in young adults and poses a serious public health problem. The use of psychostimulants such as cocaine and methamphetamine has been found to be associated with higher rates of stroke, and the risk of hemorrhagic and ischemic strokes increases through different mechanisms. In this report, we discuss the possible pathophysiological pathways of cerebrovascular damage in three patients using cocaine, methamphetamine, and cannabis.
      PubDate: Sat, 29 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Investigation of the factor structure of the Turkish version of the
           State-Trait Anxiety Inventory

    • Authors: Leman TOMAK; Mustafa SARİ, Sule CAVUS, Hatice Zehra BODUR GÜNEY
      Abstract: Aim: Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and Rasch Analysis are commonly used methods to examine the structure of the psychological scales. In this study, it is aimed to evaluate the factor structure Turkish version of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory by using statistics based on the Rasch model and CFA.Methods: The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) was used for the analysis. Of the study group, 186 (46.5%) were male and 214 (53.5%) were female. Unidimensionality was investigated using a Rasch-based principal component analysis (PCA) of the residuals, chi-square tests, item fit statistics, and other statistics. CFA has also been applied to test the hypothesis of a one-factor solution.Results: The item-trait interaction chi-square statistic was 342.344 for the state scale (p<0.001) and 381.247 for the trait scale (p<0.001). For the state scale, 16.00% of the t-tests for the PCA weresignificant at the 5% level, while 19.50% were significant for the trait scale. The fit residuals of items 4, 8, and 18 on the state scale were over the +2.5 threshold, while the fit residuals of items 23, 24,and 34 on the trait scale were above the +2.5 threshold. Similarly, the scale structure evaluated by CFA was conditioned to be inadequate goodness-of-fit.Conclusion: This study found that neither the trait nor the state scale of the STAI met the unidimensionality assumption. Consequently, both the Rasch analysis and CFA have been verified as succeeding tools in assessing the scale sub-dimensions and determining whether the response items can be utilized for a total scale score.
      PubDate: Sat, 29 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +030
       

    • Authors: Adil TAŞBAŞ
      PubDate: Sat, 29 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Chewing function: anatomy, physiology, and neurological control

    • Authors: Selen SEREL ARSLAN
      Abstract: Chewing, defined as the grinding of food with the teeth and its mixture with saliva and transformation into a swallowable bolus, requires coordinated operation of many structures including bone, muscle, and soft tissues. For accurate assessment, identification of possible causes, and determination of a patient-specific therapeutic approach, it is essential that the structures, developmental changes, and neurological control mechanisms involved in chewing be known well. The present study reviews information on all these factors.
      PubDate: Sat, 29 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Different types of dyslipidemia in type 2 diabetes and the associated
           factors

    • Authors: Miraç VURAL KESKİNLER; Aytekin OĞUZ
      Abstract: Aim: Diabetes and dyslipidemia are common diseases that can be seen together. In this study, we aimed to investigate factors affecting the type of dyslipidemia in diabetic patients.Methods: The cross-sectional study included a total of 596 patients with type 2 diabetes who visited the outpatient diabetes clinic of the Istanbul Medeniyet University between January 2017 and December 2019. Patient laboratory, clinical, and sociodemographic data were retrieved from medical records. Results: Of all patients, 52% were diagnosed with hypercholesterolemia (total cholesterol ≥200 mg/dL) and 56.4% had a history of hypertriglyceridemia. Four hundred and forty-four (74%) patients had abnormal low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels (≥100 mg/dL). Eighty percent of the female patients and 67.4% of the male patients had abnormal LDLC levels, and the difference between the two sexes was statistically significant (p<0.001). Triglyceride levels were higher in the patients with a hemoglobin A1c (HBA1c) level ≥7% (p<0.001). Smokers had significantly higher levels of LDL-C (p=0.03) and lower levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (p=0.038) than non-smokers. The mean body mass index was higher for the group of non-smokers than for the smokers (p<0.001). The rates of hypertriglyceridemia and obesity were significantly higher in patients with hypertension than in those without (p=0.036 and p=0.013, respectively).Conclusion: Dyslipidemia is common in diabetic patients, especially women. A complete examination of the patient should include the consideration of conditions associated with dyslipidemia.
      PubDate: Sat, 29 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Evaluation of risk factors for neonatal hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy

    • Authors: Nuran ÜSTÜN
      Abstract: Aim: Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is a serious condition in neonates and is associated with neuromuscular dysfunction and death. In this study, we aimed to investigate potential risk factors for neonatal HIE.Methods: A retrospective case–control study was conducted on infants admitted to our neonatal intensive care unit between 2015 and 2020. Infants born at ≥36 weeks of gestation and diagnosed with HIE were included in the case group. For each case, 4 gestational agematched infants without HIE were selected and included in the control group. The groups were compared in terms of maternal demographic characteristics, pregnancy characteristics, and birth-related factors.Results: The study included 75 infants with HIE and 300 controls. Nulliparity, history of antenatal care, medical complications during pregnancy, prolonged difficult birth, abnormal fetal heart rate, mode of delivery, and acute birth complications were found to be significantly associated with HIE in univariate analysis. In multivariate logistic analysis, the lack of antenatal care, abnormal fetal heart rate (FHR), and acute birth complication were the strongest factors associated with neonatal HIE.Conclusion: Our findings demonstrated that the lack of antenatal care, abnormal FHR, and acute birth complications were risk factors for the development of HIE. Ensuring that pregnant women receive adequate antenatal care and applying necessary obstetric measures may help to reduce the HIE incidence.
      PubDate: Sat, 29 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
 
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