Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8212 journals)
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MEDICAL SCIENCES (2241 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
4 open     Open Access  
AADE in Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
AAS Open Research     Open Access  
ABCS Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Abia State University Medical Students' Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
AboutOpen     Open Access  
ACIMED     Open Access  
ACM Transactions on Computing for Healthcare     Hybrid Journal  
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Acta Bio Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Bioethica     Open Access  
Acta Bioquimica Clinica Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Herediana     Open Access  
Acta Marisiensis - Seria Medica     Open Access  
Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)     Open Access  
Acta Medica Bulgarica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Medica Indonesiana     Open Access  
Acta Medica International     Open Access  
Acta Medica Iranica     Open Access  
Acta medica Lituanica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Martiniana     Open Access  
Acta Medica Peruana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Acupuncture and Herbal Medicine     Open Access  
Addiction Science & Clinical Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi / Health Sciences Journal of Adıyaman University     Open Access  
Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advanced NanoBiomed Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Bioscience and Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Cell and Gene Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Clinical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Advances in Clinical Radiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Life Course Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Medical Education and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Advances in Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Microbial Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Parkinson's Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Regenerative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Traditional Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Wound Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access  
African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology     Open Access  
African Journal of Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access  
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Airway     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AJOB Empirical Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
AJSP: Reviews & Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Aktuelle Ernährungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
AkupunkturPraxis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Al-Qadisiah Medical Journal     Open Access  
Alerta : Revista Científica del Instituto Nacional de Salud     Open Access  
Alexandria Journal of Medicine     Open Access  
Allgemeine Homöopathische Zeitung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Biomedical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedicine     Full-text available via subscription  
American Journal of Chinese Medicine, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Law & Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Managed Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Medical Case Reports     Open Access  
American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
American Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medicine Open     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Medicine Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Medicine Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of the Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American Journal on Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American medical news     Free   (Followers: 3)
Amrita Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Amyloid: The Journal of Protein Folding Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina     Open Access  
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Uruguay     Open Access  
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analgesia & Resuscitation : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anatolian Clinic the Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Anatomica Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Anatomical Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Anatomy Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Androgens : Clinical Research and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Angewandte Nuklearmedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Animal Diseases     Open Access  
Annales de Pathologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Annals of 3D Printed Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Annals of Biomedical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Clinical and Medical Case Reports     Open Access  
Annals of Clinical Hypertension     Open Access  
Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Annals of Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery Protocols     Open Access  
Annals of Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Musculoskeletal Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of the College of Medicine, Mosul     Open Access  
Annals of the National Academy of Medical Sciences (India)     Open Access  
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of The Royal College of Surgeons of England     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of the RussianAacademy of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Annals of Vascular Surgery - Brief Reports and Innovations     Full-text available via subscription  
Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Anthropologie et santé     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Antibodies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Antibody Reports     Open Access  
Antibody Therapeutics     Open Access  
Anuradhapura Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anwer Khan Modern Medical College Journal     Open Access  
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apparence(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Clinical Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Medical Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arabian Journal of Scientific Research / المجلة العربية للبحث العلمي     Open Access  
Archive of Biomedical Science and Engineering     Open Access  
Archive of Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives Medical Review Journal / Arşiv Kaynak Tarama Dergisi     Open Access  
Archives of Asthma, Allergy and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Clinical Hypertension     Open Access  
Archives of Medical and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Medical Laboratory Sciences     Open Access  
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Organ Transplantation     Open Access  
Archives of Preventive Medicine     Open Access  
Archives of Pulmonology and Respiratory Care     Open Access  
Archives of Renal Diseases and Management     Open Access  
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arquivos de Medicina     Open Access  
Ars Medica : Revista de Ciencias Médicas     Open Access  
ARS Medica Tomitana     Open Access  
Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Arterial Hypertension     Open Access  
Artificial Intelligence in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Artificial Organs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ASA Monitor     Full-text available via subscription  
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Researches     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medicine and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Population Sciences     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Research in Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Social Health and Behavior     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Transfusion Science     Open Access  
Asian Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian Pacific Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ASPIRATOR : Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies     Open Access  
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Atención Primaria Práctica     Open Access  
Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - Classe di Scienze Medico-Biologiche     Open Access  
Auris Nasus Larynx     Full-text available via subscription  
Australasian Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine (AJUM)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Journal of Medical Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Autopsy and Case Reports     Open Access  
Avicenna     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Similar Journals
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Annals of Biomedical Sciences
Number of Followers: 3  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 1596-6569
Published by African Journals Online Homepage  [261 journals]
  • Erratum: A 4 year review of hand injury in children: Experience from Benin
           City

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: F Ijekeye, S.U Okugbo
      Pages: 1 - 7
      Abstract: Background
      Children are, by nature, very inquisitive, adventurous and often rebellious to authority. This behavior often puts them in harms way. The hand, being an organ of manipulatory activity is usually deployed to use and often gets involved in injurious circumstances. Prompt evaluation and treatment of these injuries is required to prevent or limit loss of function. Patients and Methods
      This is a 4-year retrospective study spanning from January 2010 to December 2013. It includes all consecutive cases of hand injuries seen in children presenting to the burns and plastic surgery unit of the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City Nigeria during the 4-year period. Results
      A total of 20 patients were seen in the period under review with a male: female ratio of 1.1:0.9. The mean age was 8.2 SD 5.6. Majority (45%) of the injuries were domestic; followed by motor vehicular accidents (MVA) with 20%. The right hand was affected in 55% and 20% in the left hand. 75% of the patients had right hand dominance, and 15% were left hand dominant. Primary wound suturing sufficed as treatment for 65% of cases. Debridement was done for 15% of cases. 20% of cases required more complex surgical repairs. Conclusion
      Pediatric hand injuries are a real hazard, especially in the domestic setting. Children need to be guided and properly monitored at play in order to limit the risk of potentially debilitating hand injuries. Prompt and efficient care will help to restore function speedily.
      PubDate: 2020-08-28
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Is there a change in the prevalence of stroke risk factors over the past
           decade in Benin City, Nigeria'

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      Authors: E Kayode-Iyasere, F.E Odiase, F Akemokwe
      Pages: 8 - 24
      Abstract: Aim:
      Stroke remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality all over the world. Our previous study on the reappraisal of risk factors for stroke over a decade ago identified various risk factors for stroke. With increasing trend in stroke mortality and morbidity in Nigerian Africans, are these stroke risk factors still relevant' This study was designed to identify a decade after, if there has been a change in the pattern of risk factors for stroke. Materials/ Methods:
      This was an observational cross-sectional study, which recruited eighty-four patients with clinical and neuro-imaging diagnosis of stroke. Risk factors for stroke were determined including hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus, smoking habit, alcohol consumption, obesity, history of previous stroke and cardiac factors. These were compared to stroke risk factors identified in our previous study. Results:
      The mean age of the subjects was 61.1(12.7) years. 81% of participants were hypertensive and hypertension was still the commonest risk factor for stroke identified. 76.3% had dyslipidaemia while 10.7% were obese which were significantly different from the earlier study. A history of previous stroke (P=0.04), a history of significant alcohol consumption (P=0.026) and a history of cigarette smoking (P=0.014) were associated with more severe strokes. . Conclusion:
      There has been no major change in the pattern of stroke risk factors. Hypertension remains the most dominant and modifiable risk factor for stroke.
      PubDate: 2020-08-28
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Etiologic agents of lower respiratory tract infection in symptomatic
           outpatients at a tertiary hospital in Benin City, Nigeria

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      Authors: T.O Ehondor, E.E Ibadin, H.O Ogefere
      Pages: 25 - 34
      Abstract: Aim: Lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) are among the most common infectious diseases and a cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries. This study was conducted to determine the etiologic agents of LRTI amongst symptomatic outpatients attending a tertiary health facility in Benin City, Nigeria. Materials and Methods: A total of 132 patients (non-repetitive) presenting with signs and symptoms of LRTI and attending the outpatient departments (OPD) of University of Benin Teaching Hospital were recruited for this study. Questionnaires were filled for each patient. Sputum specimen was collected in sterile containers and transported immediately to the laboratory. The sputum specimens were then cultured following standard microbiological procedure. Bacterial isolates were identified and susceptibility testing was carried out following standard microbiological techniques. Results: A total of 49 (37.1%) patients were culture positive. Klebsiella pneumoniae was the most prevalent cause of LRTI among males and females in this study with 14 (28.6%). Citrobacter koseri, Proteus mirabilis, Providencia rustigianii, Acinetobacter baumanii, Serratia marcescens and Alkaligenes faecalis showed the least prevalence with 1 (2.0%) each. The most active antibiotics against bacterial isolates were the fluoroquinolones; Ciprofloxacin (82.6%), Ofloxacin (76.1%) and Levofloxacin (80.4%), while the cephalosporins showed poor activity; Cefotaxime (34.8%), Cefuroxime (15.2%) and Cefixime (26.1%) respectively. Gender, age, occupation and area of residence did not have significant effect on LRTI (p > 0.05). Conclusion: The prevalence of culture positive community-acquired LRTI in this study was 37.1%. We advocate continuous surveillance of respiratory pathogens and their susceptibility profile in order to aid clinical management.
      PubDate: 2020-08-28
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Medical laboratory robotics: The positive and negative implications in
           developing countries

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      Authors: E.B Odigie, M.C Obiagba
      Pages: 35 - 46
      Abstract: Medical robotics refers to the use of a robot in the practice of medical sciences. Its usage in Medical Laboratory Science is of paramount concern, which particularly relates to the use of a robot for medical laboratory analyses. This paper is aimed at highlighting the positive and negative implications of medical robotics with asignificant emphasis on medical laboratory practices in a developing country using the Nigerian context as a case study. Other objectives will enlighten readers on the current application of robotics in medical laboratory science practices. A systematic review ofliterature using the keywords: robotics, laboratory robotics, medical robotics, and bio-robotics were employed in this study. Most medical laboratory robots are commonly called auto-samplers,and their primary task is to provide continuous samples for analytical devices. Telepathology and Lab vision auto-stainer 480S-2D and 360-2D are roboticsusedin immunohistochemistry laboratory.It has so far increased throughput, allows for unprecedented control and precision, eliminates menial task that is highly repetitive, and at the same time, reducing theworkforce. Typical limitations of power and electricity, training, sponsorship and funding havebeen identified. Poor technical know-how, inadequate funding, technological advancement and the fear of low job availability are vital factors that have reduced the application of medical laboratory robotics in developingworld. In conclusion, reduced appreciation of medical laboratory robotics has been due to little understanding of the advantages, inadequate understanding of how to tackle the disadvantages and how to control the negative implications.Westrongly advocate for adequate measures to combat problems associated with the robotic usage in developing societies.
      PubDate: 2020-08-28
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Water quality of Ubeji 2 creek impacted by crude oil from a bunkered
           pipeline

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      Authors: O.B Shittu, J.E Idomeh
      Pages: 47 - 56
      Abstract: Pollution of water bodies and its surrounding environs through oil spillages in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria is the major cause of unrest in the region. This study investigates the effects of crude oil on the physical and chemical parameters of a creek in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria. Water samples were analyzed for some physical and chemical parameters with standard techniques. The pH ranged between 6.18 ±0.07 and 6.95±0.00 while temperature ranged between 28.03±0.05 and 30.17±0.06 values. Dissolved oxygen (6.10±0.01 -4.20±0.20), nitrate (5.56±0.07 - 0.25±0.02), phosphate (1.72±0.03 - 0.09±0.01) and sulphate (6.25±0.04 - 0.05±0.00) values were below the Federal Environmental Protection Agency (FEPA) limit posing minimal threat to humans. Chemical oxygen demand (26.10±0.20 - 5.50±0.10), total dissolved solids (1894.67±5.13 - 20.00±0.00), and electric conductivity (3801.33±1.53 - 36.67±5.77) reported extremely high values. Analysis revealed that water quality parameters analyzed for in Ubeji2 creek was significant but poor, the extremely high values of total dissolved solids and electric conductivity establishes Ubeji2 Creek as a brackish water also indicating pollution stress; rendering Ubeji2 creek toxic and unsafe for anthropogenic and domestic activities.
      PubDate: 2020-08-28
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Major factors influencing operating day cancellation of surgical cases in
           a tertiary hospital

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      Authors: C.A Imarengiaye, H.O Idehen, C.O Imarengiaye
      Pages: 57 - 67
      Abstract: Aim/Background: Most hospitals dedicate a considerable fraction of their budget in maintaining operating suites. This includes the provisions of consumables, personnel and logistics. Cancellation of elective surgical patients decreases efficiency, increases cost, duplication of workload, operating room time wastage and disruption of daily life. The remote causes and rate of cancellation are unknown. This study evaluated the rate, reasons and pattern of cancellation on the day of surgery. Methods: The records of the operating room theatre of the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Nigeria were reviewed for a 5-year period (June 2010 – May 2014). The records were further scrutinized to identify all scheduled elective procedures, the procedures that were actually performed, those that were cancelled, the reasons for cancellation and the surgical specialty. The cancelled cases were evaluated to define the reasons and rate of cancellation. Results: A total of 10005 patients where scheduled for elective procedure. Nine thousand one hundred and sixty eight (9,168) were performed and 837 were cancelled (8.4%) within the study period. The paediatric age group has the highest cancelled cases, particularly the under 10year of age (27.5%). Patient related factors were the major reasons for cancellation. Failure to present for surgery (No show) was the leading patient related factor. Burns and Plastic Unit, Paediatric Surgery, Orthopaedics and Maxillofacial Unit have 3 fold risk of cancellation when compared to General Surgery while Trauma, Neurosurgery, ENT and Gynaecological Unit had the lowest chance of cancellation (RR < 1.0). No show, no operating room time and surgeon cancellation accounts for 43% of the cancelled cases. Conclusion: The evaluation of reasons for cancellation on the day of surgery shows a rate of 8.4%. Poor scheduling comprising no show (absentee patient), no operating time and surgeon’s cancellation were the main identifiable risk factors.
      PubDate: 2020-08-28
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Neutrophil and lymphocyte function in male subjects with prostate cancer
           in Edo State, Nigeria

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      Authors: F.A Idomeh, C.C Onyenekwe, J.E Ahaneku, E.O Obarisiagbon, P.O Okuonghae
      Pages: 68 - 76
      Abstract: This study was to ascertain the absolute neutrophil and lymphocyte count and functions in male subjects with prostate cancer. Subjects with clinical evidence of prostate cancer were recruited for this study and classified based on drug administration for 12 weeks (subjects on drug therapy and those not on drug therapies). Neutrophil function using Nitroblue Tetrazolium dye reduction, Lymphocyte transformation (%) using mitogens (concanavalin A and phytohaemagglutinin (PHA), CD4+ count (cells/μl) using cyflow counter, Total white blood cell count (x 109/L), Absolute lymphocyte count (x 109/L), and Absolute neutrophil count (x 109/L) were used as markers of immune function. Neutrophil function, percentage lymphocyte transformation using phytohaemagglutinin and concanavallin A in prostate cancer subjects were significantly lower (P=0.000) when compared with values obtained from the control group. They were also significantly lower (P=0.000) in prostate cancer subjects on drug therapy compared with those not on therapy. This study shows reduced Neutrophil function and lymphocyte transformation in prostate cancer subjects, indicating possible impairment of this arm of the immune system in prostate cancer and may be the evasion mechanism adopted by cancer cells to thrive.
      PubDate: 2020-08-31
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Mistreatment and substance use among final year medical students of a
           Nigerian university

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      Authors: E.O Adayonfo, C.O Selo-Ojeme
      Pages: 77 - 86
      Abstract: The study determined the prevalence rates of alcohol use, cannabis use and being a victim of mistreatment among final year medical students of the University of Benin, Nigeria. The association between current use of alcohol/cannabis and being a victim of mistreatment were also explored. Seventy-two final year medical students completed a questionnaire consisting of sociodemographic variables, questions concerning having been a victim of mistreatment, perpetrators of such mistreatment and a part of World Health Organisation Questionnaire for Student Drug Use Survey. The current prevalence rates of alcohol and cannabis use were 33.3% and 4.2% respectively, while the past year prevalence rates were 58.3% and 9.7% respectively, verbal abuse was commoner than physical abuse and perpetrators were mainly friends/family members, followed by lecturers/trainers. Current use of alcohol was significantly associated with being a victim of physical abuse in the month prior to the study.
      PubDate: 2020-08-31
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Predictability of chronic kidney disease using anthropometric parameters

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      Authors: A.O Ojoawo, O.T Akinola, H.M Akinyemi, E.B Arayombo, A Ayoka
      Pages: 87 - 103
      Abstract: Background: Renal failure is a global public health challenge affecting psychosocial, physiological and the physical aspects of the patient. Aims: The study compared selected anthropometric parameters of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) withage-and-sex matched apparently healthy control and derived predictive equation for CKD using anthropometric variables Materials and Method: Sixty five patients with renal failure attending Renal Outpatient Department of Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex Ile-Ife, were purposively selected along with 65 age-and-sex matched apparently healthy individuals to participated in the study. Anthropometric parameters of subjects and apparently healthy individuals involving weight, height, waist circumference, hip circumference, and wrist circumference were measured and body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratio, waist-to-height ratio and frame size were calculated. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyse the data. Results: The results showed that the wrist circumference (t=2.47, p=0.02), waist circumference (t=3.64, p=0.00), body mass index (t=3.16, p=0.00), waist-to-hip ratio (t=4.66, p=0.00), waist-to-height ratio (t=3.69, p=0.00) and frame size (t=-3.53, p=0.00) of subjects with chronic renal failure were significantly higher than that of the control group.The percentage contribution of these variable to the prediction of CKD is more than 30 %.Prediction equation for the occurrence of Chronic kidney disease is: Y = 1.363+ 0.008 (Age/years)- 0.004(Weigh/Kg)+ 0.110 (WaistC/Cm) – 2.260 (WHR) -2.317(WHtR) + 0.156 (FRS) Conclusion: It was concluded that patients with chronic kidney disease had significantly higher anthropometric parameters than the healthy controls. The prediction of CKD using body adiposity indices is more than 30 %
      PubDate: 2020-08-31
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Knowledge and attitude of final year medical students of a Nigerian
           university to cannabis use

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      Authors: E.O Adayonfo, J Ajokpaniovo, O.O Akanni
      Pages: 104 - 113
      Abstract: High prevalence rate of cannabis use has been found among medical trainees; this study determined lifetime, past year and current prevalence rates of cannabis use among final year medical students of a Nigerian University and found out if there were significant gender differences in the prevalence, knowledge and attitude to cannabis use. A questionnaire which consisted of socio-demographic/other variables and the World Health Organization Questionnaire for Student Drug Use Surveys was administered. The current, past year and lifetime prevalence rates of cannabis use were 3.8%, 5.7% and 9.4% respectively. There was no significant difference in the lifetime prevalence rate of cannabis use and knowledge of cannabis use between male and female students. However, more males had friends who used cannabis and this was statistically significant.
      PubDate: 2020-08-31
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm presenting in a patient with type 2 diabetes
           mellitus - A case report

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      Authors: A.E Edo, A Eregie, A.O Adesanya, S.U Okugbo
      Pages: 114 - 120
      Abstract: Background: The occurrence of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in a patient is associated with significant risk of mortality from sudden rupture of the aneurysm. The development of abdominal aortic aneurysm in type 2 diabetes mellitus is a very rare event because diabetes mellitus has a protective role in preventing the development of abdominal aortic aneurysm. Objective: To present a rare occurrence of abdominal aortic aneurysm in a type 2 diabetic patient. Methods: Clinical and sonographic evaluation of a 68 year old male Nigerian, known to have type 2 diabetes mellitus was done. Other investigations carried out included fasting serum lipid profile, casual blood glucose, serum electrolytes, urea and creatinine, and urinalysis. Results: There was a 5-month history of abdominal swelling, progressive weight loss, polyuria and polyphagia. Physical examination revealed a superficial, non tender, pulsatile and expansile abdominal mass which was confirmed on ultrasonography to be an abdominal aortic aneurysm. Casual blood glucose was markedly elevated (>600 mg/dl) and there was ketonuria andhypercholesterolaemia. He was treated for diabetic ketoacidosis with the usual protocol and was placed on simvastatin for hypercholesterolaemia. The AAA is being treated conservatively with beta-blockers along with monthly serial sonographic monitoring of AAA. Conclusion: Abdominal aortic aneurysm is a very rare occurrence in type 2 diabetes mellitus that is potentially fatal if it ruptures. Early sonographic evaluation of a pulsatile abdominal mass in diabetic patients is thus recommended for early diagnosis and treatment.
      PubDate: 2020-08-31
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Vitamin E does not modify the insulin-induced memory impairment in mice
           during a novel object recognition task

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      Authors: I.U Yarube, J.O Ayo, R.A Magaji, I.A Umar, Y Yusha’u, M.Y Fatihu
      Pages: 121 - 129
      Abstract: There has been conflicting reports on the effects of insulin on the brain generally and on learning and memory in particular. Insulin was reported to cause negative effect on the brain through increasing oxidative stress. This study examined the sub-acute effect of insulin treatment on short-term working memory and the possible modulatory role of vitamin E.Twenty four mice were grouped into four (n=6) treated for seven days thus: Control group- water; Insulin group- insulin (10 I.U./kg/day); Insulin+vitamin E group- insulin (10 I.U./kg/day) + vitamin E (100 mg/kg); Vitamin E group- vitamin E (100 mg/kg). Histological examination of brain tissue was conducted following assessment of memory using novel object recognition task at the end of the treatments. Data wereanalysed using SPSS, where in p values < 0.05 were taken as significant. Time spent on the novel object by the animals in all the treatment groups was significantly reduced (p<0.05) when compared with the control. Novel object recognition was significantly higher (p<0.05) in the untreated controls when compared with all the treatment groups. Discrimination ratio was > 0.05 in all the groups. Histological findings were normal in the treatment and control groups.In conclusion, the findings of this study show that vitamin E does not modulate insulin-induced impairment in long-term visuo-spatial and short-term working memory. Sub-acute combined or separate treatments with insulin and vitamin E do not affect brain histology.
      PubDate: 2020-08-31
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Sudden death associated with benign cardiac tumour: A case report and
           review of literature

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      Authors: E.J Ogbemudia, E.C Aghimien
      Pages: 130 - 135
      Abstract: Sudden death secondary to cardiac tumour is rare and it has not been well documented in our locale. We therefore present a 38 year old woman who presented with features of acute heart failure. Chest X-ray revealed cardiomegaly, and prominent pulmonary vessels. There were multiple atrial ectopics on electrocardiography. Echocardiography revealed a large mass in the left atrium which protruded into the mitral valve orifice. A diagnosis of a primary cardiac tumour most probably an atrial myxoma was made. She was referred to a cardiothoracic centre for surgical resection but she couldn’t afford surgery. Unfortunately, she was said to have developed sudden severe dyspnoea and died shortly afterwards. Atrial myxoma is a rare benign cardiac tumour but it can result in sudden death if surgery is delayed. It should therefore be managed as a surgical emergency to prevent this fatal outcome.
      PubDate: 2020-08-31
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Evaluation of the use of 2.0 silk sutures in tarso-frontalis sling surgery
           for severe ptosis

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      Authors: C.S Ejimadu, N.E Chinawa
      Pages: 136 - 140
      Abstract: Aim
      Ptosis refers to an abnormal drooping of eyelid.It could be congenital or acquired.The severity of ptosis is determined by the levator function.This also informs the surgical technique employed in its correction.Severe ptosis caused by poor levator function of less than 4mm is corrected by frontalis sling.The sling material could be autogenous,allogenic or synthetic.Autogenous facia lata is preferred but it may be difficult to harvest,may not be sufficient in children less than three years and may lead to donor site infection.This necessitates the use of synthetic materials.Herein we report the use of readily available 2.0 silk sutures for frontalis suspension Case Series
      We report a series of three cases of severe ptosis who had frontalis suspension using 2.0 silk. Two of these cases were acquired cases while one was congenital. The cases were all severe .The acquired cases were due to trauma. The congenital was associated with chin lift. All the cases had good correction following surgical intervention using 2.0 silk sutures. Conclusion
      The use of readily available and affordable 2.0 silk for frontalis sling offers a good alternative to the expensive ethibond suture and silicon rod sling. It also obviates the attendant short comings of fascia lata.
      PubDate: 2020-08-31
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Diabetic ketoacidosis complicating gestational diabetes mellitus: A case
           report

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      Authors: A.E Edo, O.A Ohenhen, O.A Adejumo, A.O Aisien
      Pages: 141 - 146
      Abstract: The development of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) in pregnancy is a medical emergency that demands prompt recognition and aggressive treatment to prevent adverse fetal outcome. The occurrence of diabetic ketoacidosis as the first manifestation of gestational diabetes (GDM) is rare but is associated with a high fetal mortality rate. Early detection and prompt treatment of DKA in pregnancy usually results in successful fetal outcome. Prevention of DKA can be achieved by pre-conception counseling, screening of at-risk women during antenatal booking, and clinic. This report is that of GDM complicated by severe DKA at 18 week of gestation. DKA was successfully treated with soluble insulin and normal saline. Patient was followed up as an outpatient. She delivered a live healthy baby boy at term with no abnormality. Pre-conception counseling and early antenatal booking is advocated in order to avoid delayed diagnoses and possible fetal losses.
      PubDate: 2020-08-31
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 1 (2020)
       
  • Management of cystic lid masses with Sodium tetradecyl sulfate (STS)
           sclerosant intra-lesional injections: Case reports of three patients

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      Authors: C.S Ejimadu, N.E Chinawa
      Pages: 147 - 151
      Abstract: Aim/Background:
      Surgery is the mainstay of treatment for orbital dermoid and orbital cysts in general. However surgery can be complicated by a lipogranulomatous inflammatory reaction if the cyst ruptures in the course of surgical intervention.This necessitates the use of sclerosants which are minimally invasive intervention with lesser complications and good outcome. Case Reports:
      We report a case of orbital dermoid and two cases of cysts of Moll that were seen at a peripheral eye clinic. Two of these cases had prior surgical interventions with recurrence but with the administration of sclerosants there was marked reduction in the size of the cyst three months post injection. The last case had non-regressing cyst of two year duration with marked regression after sclerotherapy .All the cases were managed as outpatient procedures.
      There were essentially no special pre or post procedure guidelines or medications given apart from analgesics and instructions not to rub over the injection sites. Conclusion:
      The use of sclerosants in general management of cyst is less technically demanding, cost effective,and convenient to patient and very good outcome compared to surgery.
      PubDate: 2020-08-31
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 1 (2020)
       
 
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