Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8212 journals)
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MEDICAL SCIENCES (2241 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
4 open     Open Access  
AADE in Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
AAS Open Research     Open Access  
ABCS Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Abia State University Medical Students' Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
AboutOpen     Open Access  
ACIMED     Open Access  
ACM Transactions on Computing for Healthcare     Hybrid Journal  
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Acta Bio Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Bioethica     Open Access  
Acta Bioquimica Clinica Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Herediana     Open Access  
Acta Marisiensis - Seria Medica     Open Access  
Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)     Open Access  
Acta Medica Bulgarica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Medica Indonesiana     Open Access  
Acta Medica International     Open Access  
Acta Medica Iranica     Open Access  
Acta medica Lituanica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Martiniana     Open Access  
Acta Medica Peruana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Acupuncture and Herbal Medicine     Open Access  
Addiction Science & Clinical Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi / Health Sciences Journal of Adıyaman University     Open Access  
Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advanced NanoBiomed Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Bioscience and Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Cell and Gene Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Clinical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Advances in Clinical Radiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Life Course Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Medical Education and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Advances in Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Microbial Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Parkinson's Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Regenerative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Traditional Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Wound Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access  
African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology     Open Access  
African Journal of Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access  
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Airway     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AJOB Empirical Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
AJSP: Reviews & Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Aktuelle Ernährungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
AkupunkturPraxis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Al-Qadisiah Medical Journal     Open Access  
Alerta : Revista Científica del Instituto Nacional de Salud     Open Access  
Alexandria Journal of Medicine     Open Access  
Allgemeine Homöopathische Zeitung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Biomedical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedicine     Full-text available via subscription  
American Journal of Chinese Medicine, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Law & Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Managed Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Medical Case Reports     Open Access  
American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
American Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medicine Open     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Medicine Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Medicine Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of the Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American Journal on Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American medical news     Free   (Followers: 3)
Amrita Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Amyloid: The Journal of Protein Folding Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina     Open Access  
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Uruguay     Open Access  
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analgesia & Resuscitation : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anatolian Clinic the Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Anatomica Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Anatomical Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Anatomy Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Androgens : Clinical Research and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Angewandte Nuklearmedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Animal Diseases     Open Access  
Annales de Pathologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Annals of 3D Printed Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Annals of Biomedical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Clinical and Medical Case Reports     Open Access  
Annals of Clinical Hypertension     Open Access  
Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Annals of Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery Protocols     Open Access  
Annals of Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Musculoskeletal Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of the College of Medicine, Mosul     Open Access  
Annals of the National Academy of Medical Sciences (India)     Open Access  
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of The Royal College of Surgeons of England     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of the RussianAacademy of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Annals of Vascular Surgery - Brief Reports and Innovations     Full-text available via subscription  
Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Anthropologie et santé     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Antibodies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Antibody Reports     Open Access  
Antibody Therapeutics     Open Access  
Anuradhapura Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anwer Khan Modern Medical College Journal     Open Access  
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apparence(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Clinical Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Medical Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arabian Journal of Scientific Research / المجلة العربية للبحث العلمي     Open Access  
Archive of Biomedical Science and Engineering     Open Access  
Archive of Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives Medical Review Journal / Arşiv Kaynak Tarama Dergisi     Open Access  
Archives of Asthma, Allergy and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Clinical Hypertension     Open Access  
Archives of Medical and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Medical Laboratory Sciences     Open Access  
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Organ Transplantation     Open Access  
Archives of Preventive Medicine     Open Access  
Archives of Pulmonology and Respiratory Care     Open Access  
Archives of Renal Diseases and Management     Open Access  
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arquivos de Medicina     Open Access  
Ars Medica : Revista de Ciencias Médicas     Open Access  
ARS Medica Tomitana     Open Access  
Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Arterial Hypertension     Open Access  
Artificial Intelligence in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Artificial Organs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ASA Monitor     Full-text available via subscription  
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Researches     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medicine and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Population Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Research in Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Social Health and Behavior     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Transfusion Science     Open Access  
Asian Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian Pacific Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ASPIRATOR : Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies     Open Access  
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Atención Primaria Práctica     Open Access  
Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - Classe di Scienze Medico-Biologiche     Open Access  
Auris Nasus Larynx     Full-text available via subscription  
Australasian Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine (AJUM)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Journal of Medical Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Autopsy and Case Reports     Open Access  
Avicenna     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

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Abia State University Medical Students' Association Journal
Number of Followers: 1  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 0794-6961
Published by African Journals Online Homepage  [261 journals]
  • Prevalence of use of medications for menstrual pain among female students
           in tertiary institutions in Aba, Abia State, Nigeria

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      Authors: Iwuoha EC, Harbor PC, Chukwudi-Oje CK, Okoli AC
      Pages: 1 - 12
      Abstract: Background: Dysmenorrhea (Menstrual Pain) is one of the commonest gynecological complaints and when severe can interfere with normal activity and absence from school. It is common practice to seek ways to alleviate this pain. Aims and Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the use of medications for managing dysmenorrhea among females in tertiary institutions in Aba. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted among 400 female students from four tertiary institutions in Aba; Abia State University Teaching Hospital, Abia State Polytechnic, Rhema University and Temple Gate Polytechnic. Research instruments were structured, self-administered and pretested questionnaires. Data collected were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). Result: Dysmenorrhea was reported in 288 (72%) participants with majority (53.8%) taking medications for the pain. The most commonly used medication reported was Paracetamol (35.5%) and information about the medications were mostly gotten from parents (35.5%). The medications used were easily purchased over the counter from patent medicine stores (69.3%) with or without a prescription from a doctor. Major effects of dysmenorrhea were interference with daily activities (80.7%) and inability to concentrate in class (79.1%). Findings revealed a statistically significant relationship between the age of respondents and their method of management dysmenorrhea (p=0.009). Conclusion: Findings from this study indicate the need to educate females on how to properly manage menstrual problems.
      PubDate: 2021-03-12
      DOI: 10.4314/asumsaj.v13i1.
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Assessment of exclusive breastfeeding in the health and developmental
           status of under-five children who present at the primary health care
           centre, Aba South LGA, aba, Abia State

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      Authors: Anya O, Iroaganachi CG
      Pages: 13 - 30
      Abstract: BACKGROUND Exclusive breastfeeding is one of the child survival strategies according to the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF). Breast milk is an essential component for the health and development of children. Lack of adequate knowledge or practice of exclusive breastfeeding can predispose the child to several, common childhood illnesses. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to assess the level of knowledge and practice of exclusive breastfeeding, and its effect on the health and development of under-five children who present at the Primary health Care Centre, Aba South, Aba, Abia State. METHODOLOGY: This was a cross-sectional, descriptive study using a self/Interviewer-administered questionnaire to obtain information from mothers of children who presented at the Immunization and Maternity units of the centre. Data collected was analyzed using IBM SPSS version 20.0 while statistical significance was set at P<0.05. RESULTS: 400 eligible participants took part in this cross-sectional study where majority (65%) was above 27 years of age, nearly all (96.3%) were Igbos and Christians (98.8%). Most respondents were married 384 (96.0%), over two-thirds, 249 (62.3%) had attained tertiary level of education and 150 (37.5%) had at least two children. Similar proportions (82.3%) knew that exclusive breastfeeding was breast milk only from birth till 6months and that breastfeeding should be on demand with feeding on each breast lasting about 20 minutes (37%). 385 (96.3%) accepted breastfeeding to be important in the health and development their children while 221 (55.3%) agreed that the duration of time to breastfeed was 6 months. Among the study participants, 264 (66.0%) claimed to practice exclusive breastfeeding while 131 (32.8%) did not. 373 (93.3%) of the women did not discard the first breast milk while among those who discarded, 3.9% claimed it was due to maternal advice, friends and others. Factors found to hinder women from breastfeeding included state of health, size of breast being too small, work place and one’s spouse. In determining the morbidity and mortality associated with lack of breastfeeding, 181 (45.3%) had no recollection of how long they breastfed. 360 (90.0%) believed that breastfeeding for long was important for the health of their child. 255 (63.9%) stated they did not visit the hospital frequently following common childhood illnesses such as diarrhea, and 363 (90.8%) felt their child was growing well with age. In determining the relationship between exclusive breastfeeding to the growth and development of the child, 204 (51.0%) reported their child achieved head control at 2-3 months, 291 (72.8%) reported sitting without support at 4-6 months, 286 (71.5%) crawled from 6-7 months, 262 (65.5%) started walking before one year and 295 (73.8%) formed a word at 2 years.             CONCLUSION: The level of knowledge and practice of exclusive breastfeeding affected the health and development status of the under-five children. RECOMMENDATION: There is need for an increased level of health education to mothers and the community at large as regards the importance of exclusive breastfeeding. There is also need for establishment of health policies that kick against certain cultural factors that endanger breastfeeding practice.
      PubDate: 2021-03-12
      DOI: 10.4314/asumsaj.v13i1.
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Physicians assessment of traditional Cardiovascular risk factors in
           hypertensive patients attending Abia State University Teaching Hospital
           (ABSUTH), Aba, Abia State, Nigeria

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      Authors: Uzor IE, Onwuchekwa UN, Nkpozi MO
      Pages: 31 - 41
      Abstract: Purpose: To evaluate doctors’ assessment of cardiovascular risk factors in hypertensive patients with the intent of improving intervention outcome. Methods: A retrospective review of 480 case notes of hypertensive patients seen at the medical clinic over a two-year period. Demographic characteristics, evaluation of cardiovascular risk factors and target organs, were assessed. Descriptive statistics was used to show the data distribution. Results: Evaluation of smoking history, family history of coronary event, obesity and blood sugar were done in 68.6%, 4.2%, 33.3%, 100% respectively. Lipid profile, renal function and electrocardiogram were evaluated in 59.8%, 82.4% and 90.2% respectively. Level of physical activity and microalbuminuria were not assessed. Conclusion: Evaluation for cardiovascular risk factors like obesity, physical activity level and microalbuminuria is poor in our hospital. We suggest creation of more awareness among physicians on cardiovascular risk evaluation.
      PubDate: 2021-03-12
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Assessment of personal hygiene amongst pubertal secondary school students
           of Divine Christian College, Umuamacham, Umueze, Aba, Abia state

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      Authors: Ahaiwe CC, Elendu RE, Nwoke CN
      Pages: 42 - 59
      Abstract: BACKGROUND: Personal hygiene involves those practices performed by an individual to care for one’s body, health and wellbeing through cleanliness. Inadequate hygiene practices play major roles in the increased burden of communicable diseases within the developing countries such as Nigeria. AIM: The aim of this study is to determine the level of knowledge, attitude, and practice of personal hygiene among pubertal secondary school students of Divine Christian College, Umuamacham, Aba. METHODOLOGY: This study was a cross-sectional descriptive study using self-Interviewer administered questionnaires to obtain data from the study participants. Data collected were analyzed using IBM SPSS version 20 and level of statistical significance was set at P<0.05. RESULTS: From the study conducted, it was discovered that the study participants had a very good knowledge of personal hygiene with a percentage of 94.3%, only few showed negative attitudes (5%) and the majority had good practice (99.7%). CONCLUSION: From the outcome of the result, majority had a very good knowledge of personal hygiene with corresponding yield in their practice; this could be attributed to their environmental exposure, as majority of the study participants heard about personal hygiene from their school, and the high level of education among their parents and guardians.
      PubDate: 2021-03-12
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • The knowledge, attitude, and prevalence of hypertension among automobile
           workers in Aba, Abia State

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      Authors: Ngwogu KK, Enwereuzor OC, Kalu NE, Chikwendu JN
      Pages: 60 - 82
      Abstract: INTRODUCTION Hypertension is a chronic medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is elevated. It is one of the most common worldwide diseases affecting humans and is a major risk factor for stroke, myocardial infarction, vascular disease and chronic kidney disease. METHODS AND MATERIAL This is analytical cross sectional study on the knowledge, attitude and prevalence of hypertension among automobile workers in Aba, Abia state. It was conducted using a self administered questionnaire; collated data was analyzed using statistical package for social science (SPSS) version 20 and discussion subsequently done. Several studies and research have been done in relation to this topic and results compared and contrasted. RESULTS A sample size of 281 automobile workers was used for the study. Majority (25.6%) of the respondent were within 26-30 years. Most of them were married (54.8%), 44.8% were single and 0.4% widowed. Majority of the respondents (95.4%) were Ibos. Also, 96.1% were Christians and 80.1% attained secondary level of education. Majority (94.6%) of them are from monogamous family. Those that have heard of hypertension are 85.1%. Majority of them (66.5%) did not know the normal blood pressure, 33.5% know what it is while 89.3% know the complications of hypertension. Most of the respondents (76.5%) agreed that regular blood pressure check helps manage hypertension, 78.3% agreed that antihypertensive drugs help control hypertension, majority (71.5%) also agreed that stress significantly affects blood pressure level and 64.8% agreed that diet and regular exercise helps control hypertension. Also, statistically significant association was found between Alcohol status and Ethnicity, Religion and Number of children. CONCLUSION There is a high prevalence of diastolic hypertension among automobile workers, their attitude towards regular blood pressure checking in the management of hypertension is poor and they prefer to be ignorant of their blood pressure level.
      PubDate: 2021-03-12
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Factors affecting family planning; it’s awareness and practice among
           women of reproductive age in Ahiaba-Umueze-Owuala autonomous community in
           Aba, Abia State

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      Authors: Ekwuribe DC, Umeh OA, Orji MO, Ijioma C
      Pages: 83 - 106
      Abstract: Background: Nigeria is one of the most densely populated country in Africa with approximately 1996 million people in a million Km2 area and is also the country with the largest population in Africa and is the country with the seventh largest population in the World. Nigeria has one of the  lowest contraceptive prevalence in the world, only about 15% of women  in their child bearing years embrace family planning in Nigeria, hence need for family planning campaign been an important tool in curbing this high rate of population growth in the country. Aim: The aim of this study was to identify the factors affecting family planning, its awareness among women of reproductive age (18-49) in Ahiaba-Umueze–Owuala Community in Aba, Abia state. Method: This  Descriptive Cross-sectional study was carried out in Ahiaba-Umueze –Owuala Community in Osisioma Ngwa  LGA  in  Aba, Abia State, among  both married & single (but not pregnant) females of reproductive age (18-49) in the community using a sample size of 400 and by adopting the cluster based sampling technique, each kindred was singly studied and our respondents picked in alternate manner until hundreds of  respondents were picked from each part using a ----sectioned semi-structured Questionnaire which was either self-administered or interviewer administered. The questionnaires were manually sorted and analyzed using SPSS statistical method and data presented in diagrams and all continuous variables presented as mean and median and discrete variables described as percentages. Results:  Results of the study revealed that the awareness about family planning was low among respondents about 69.3%. This is hugely due to ignorance as a result of poor educational exposure, cultural restriction for the young ones, poor awareness campaign on the subject matter and the remote nature of the locality. Of the 30.7% that is aware of the subject matter, 85.5% felt the husbands should be involved in the family planning decisions. The current rate of family planning among the informed respondents was found to be 35.7% and non- practice was found to be 64.5%, with the reason(s) viz desire for more children, husband disapproval, personal disapproval, fear of side effects, religions among others. Conclusion: The knowledge and practice of family planning is low in the study population and based on these findings, recommendations for improving family planning awareness and enhancing practice in the study populations have been indicated so as to curb the rate of population growth which is alarming.
      PubDate: 2021-03-12
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Prevalence, patterns and determinants of self-medication among students of
           Abia State polytechnic, Aba, Abia state

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      Authors: Chiemeka NJ, Ikonne UG, Dike CV
      Pages: 107 - 135
      Abstract: BACKGROUND: Self-medication is the act of treating one’s self without prescription or appropriate medical supervision. It is a common practice globally and the prevalence is continuously on the increase especially in developing countries like Nigeria, where it has become a common practice among the student’s community, mainly due to absolute or relative lack of access to healthcare, easy availability and poor drug regulatory practices. AIM: This study was aimed at assessing the Prevalence, Patterns and Determinants of Self-medication among students of Abia State Polytechnic, Aba, Abia state. METHODOLOGY: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study among 240 students of Abia State Polytechnic, Aba, using pre-tested self- administered questionnaires. Data was collected and analyzed using SPSS version 20. The study took place between June and July 2019. RESULTS: The mean age of respondents was 23±2.4 years. Nearly 60% of the study participants had good knowledge out of which 76.3% (183) practiced it mostly whenever they felt sick (40.4%). The commonest illness prompting this practice were Headache/body pain (56.8%) and fever (36.1%), hence analgesics (60.1%) were the commonest self-prescribed medication. The commonest sources of these medications were community/local pharmacies (37.2%) and patent medicine stores (31.7%). The major reasons for self-medication among respondents were that it was time saving (24%) and family influence (19.6%). Age was a significant factor influencing the practice of self-medication, p=0.022. CONCLUSION: The knowledge and practice of Self-medication is relatively high among the students. This could present a great challenge to the health sector in terms of increased rates of drug resistance, treatment failure and deleterious effects leading to increased morbidity and mortality. These can be forestalled with regular sensitization campaigns to the students and community at large on the benefits and dangers of self-medication.
      PubDate: 2021-03-12
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Trend in paediatric emergencies that presented in ABSUTH – A five-
           year review (2013-2017)

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      Authors: Okite PC, Uwaga BC, Nze AC, Ijioma C
      Pages: 136 - 155
      Abstract: BACKGROUND: In order to improve the quality of prompt child care and to assess the efforts towards the realization of sustainable development goal (SDG) 3, a regular appraisal of the morbidity and the mortality pattern at our emergency units is important. Findings of this study can inform policy decisions on resources and manpower allocations as well as preventive measures in the bid to reduce mortality and morbidity from childhood diseases. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the trend in Paediatric Emergency Presentations in ABSUTH from 2013-2017. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study done over a 5-year period. The age, gender, common presentations of Paediatric Emergencies, times of presentations and outcome of all the children aged 0-18 years that presented to children emergency room (CHER) of ABSUTH were consecutively documented. Data was obtained using hospital medical record files and analyzed using SPSS Version 21 and Excel 2010, Data was also presented using tables (simple and complex tables) and figures. RESULTS: There were 281 patients, 52.3% of whom were females and 47.7% males. Bronchopneumonia (11.7%), Sepsis (16), Diarrhea diseases (10.7%), severe malaria (20.6%), uncomplicated malaria (13.5%); were the major cause of admission. Mortality rate within the study period was 3%, discharged (86.5%), 9.5% were transferred to the wards, none was referred to other units while 1% were discharged against medical advice. Of the children that presented, the age distribution is as follows; less than 6 months (19.6%), 6 months to 1 year (25.3%), 1-5 years (32.0%), 6-11 years (17.1%), and 6.0% for children aged between 12-18 years. For the times of presentation of these emergencies, 14.6% presented equally in both January and February, 13.2% in March, 10.7% in April, 9.3% in May, 6.8% June, 0.8% in July , 5.3% in August, 5.7% in September and October, 8.2% in November, and 5.3% in December. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION: Under-five mortality still remains high in our environment with Bronchopneumonia, Severe Malaria, Sepsis, Diarrhea diseases and Uncomplicated Malaria being the major cause of morbidity. Poor health seeking behaviours are generally associated with poor health awareness of the caregivers. There is therefore a need to put in place programs which will address the challenges of under-five mortality.
      PubDate: 2021-03-12
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Knowledge, attitude and practice of family planning among women of
           reproductive age at Abia State University Teaching Hospital, Aba

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      Authors: Dike OP, Awa KK, Orgi EC
      Pages: 156 - 180
      Abstract: BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Family-planning services are used as tool for promoting family health and specifically for reducing maternal morbidity and mortality by preventing unwanted and high-risk pregnancies. To this end, the services target women with serious underlying medical problems, grand multipara, couples who have achieved their desired family size, sexually active teenagers and any others who need or wish to avoid pregnancy. Promotion of family planning has been shown to reduce poverty, hunger, maternal and infant mortality, and contribute to women’s empowerment. In spite of the obvious merits and advocacy by government and development patterns on the benefits of family planning, acceptance of modern contraceptives have remained low in Nigeria. 87% of women in Nigeria or their partners do not use modern or traditional contraceptives. The present study is aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of family planning among women of reproductive age and to reveal and respond adequately to the observed factors of this subject so that we can engage in a reference assessment of the factors affecting the above service. METHODS The methods of collection of data were by self-administered and interviewer administered questionnaire depending on the level of literacy of each individual. The questionnaire also contained closed- and open- ended questions, which made it a semi- structured questionnaire. The respondents included Patients presenting at the different clinics, health workers, and students of Abia State University Teaching Hospital, Aba, who were all selected randomly. Consent forms were gotten from department of Community Medicine to obtain permission from respondents. The sample size calculated was 300.   RESULTS 300 women of reproductive age participated in the survey. Among them 175 were aged 15-24 (60.1%), 90 were aged 25-34 (30.9%).  19 were aged 35-44 (6.3%), and 7 were aged 45-49 (2.3%). As regards the options of family planning the respondents were aware of, majority i.e 52 (18.3%) were aware of total abstinence, 39 (13.7%) of calendar method, 27 (9.5%) of cervical mucus method, 45 (15.8%) of withdrawal method, 33 (11.65) of condoms, 13 (4.6%) of spermicides, 10 (3.5%) of IUCD, 11 of pills (3.9%), 5 (1.8%) of injectable contraceptives, 4 (1.4%) of implants, 4 (1.4%) of tubal ligation, and only 1 (0.4%) of vasectomy. Generally, it is drawn from this research that 114(38.1%) women have good knowledge about family planning while 185 (61.9%) have poor knowledge of family planning.   CONCLUSION The linkage between the level of education and the attitude towards family planning was clear, showing the need to strengthen our approaches in health education to reach the uneducated if there must be an improvement in knowledge, attitude, and practice of family planning. RECOMMENDATIONS These factors must be of significance to maternal health, as any impact to the use of family planning services is also an impact on maternal health. Though cultural and religious beliefs have been identified as negative influences to the use of family planning services, there remains a need to have a more in-depth study with the purpose of assessing the factors responsible for the poor subscription to family planning services.
      PubDate: 2021-03-12
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Awareness, attitude and practice of traders in Ekeoha market, aba towards
           the spread of diseases through the nigerian currency

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      Authors: Ekeleme NC, Chima-Nkwuaku PC, Otosi LA, Iroegbu JA
      Pages: 181 - 200
      Abstract: BACKGROUND: Money is absolutely essential in the day to day transactions and in the process of these transactions money is passed from hand to hand, rendering it vulnerable to contamination with various pathogenic diseases and also conferring on it the potential to transmit diseases. Many people are not aware that diseases can be transmitted by the way we handle money. However, if money is handled hygienically and appropriately, it will obviously reduce disease burdens. Hence, this research conducted on traders in Ekeoha market, Aba. AIM: To assess the awareness, attitude and practice of traders in Ekeoha market towards the spread of diseases through the Nigerian currency. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study involving 393 traders of Ekeoha market, Aba. Data was obtained from traders in Ekeoha market using a interviewer-administered questionnaires and analyzed with IBM SPSS version 20.0. RESULTS: The mean age of our respondents was 36.6±12.4 years, with majority falling within the age bracket 18-27 (27.7%) and 28-37(27.2%). There were 143(36.5%) females and 250 (63.6%) males. 344(87.5%) traders are aware that money passing from hand to hand gets contaminated. 318(80.9%) got this information through radio and television. 205(52.2%) moisten their fingers to count money, while 277(70.5%) wash their hands before eating after handling money. Age and marital status showed statistical significant association with awareness of the respondents (p=0.035 and p=0.002 respectively). CONCLUSION: Majority of traders in Ekeoha market were aware that money transmits diseases and washes their hands before eating after handling money. More enlightenment and awareness programs are advocated to educate traders on the proper handling of paper money to prevent its contamination.
      PubDate: 2021-03-12
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2021)
       
 
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