Subjects -> MEDICAL SCIENCES (Total: 8196 journals)
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MEDICAL SCIENCES (2241 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 3562 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
3D Printing in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
4 open     Open Access  
AADE in Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
AAS Open Research     Open Access  
ABCS Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Abia State University Medical Students' Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
AboutOpen     Open Access  
ACIMED     Open Access  
ACM Transactions on Computing for Healthcare     Hybrid Journal  
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Acta Bio Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Bioethica     Open Access  
Acta Bioquimica Clinica Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Herediana     Open Access  
Acta Marisiensis - Seria Medica     Open Access  
Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)     Open Access  
Acta Medica Bulgarica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Medica Indonesiana     Open Access  
Acta Medica International     Open Access  
Acta Medica Iranica     Open Access  
Acta medica Lituanica     Open Access  
Acta Medica Martiniana     Open Access  
Acta Medica Peruana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Acupuncture and Herbal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Addiction Science & Clinical Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi / Health Sciences Journal of Adıyaman University     Open Access  
Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advanced Journal of Professional Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advanced NanoBiomed Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Bioscience and Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Cell and Gene Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Clinical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Advances in Clinical Radiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Life Course Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Medical Education and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Advances in Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Microbial Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Parkinson's Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Regenerative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Traditional Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Wound Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access  
African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology     Open Access  
African Journal of Laboratory Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Medical and Health Sciences     Open Access  
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Airway     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
AJOB Empirical Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
AJSP: Reviews & Reports     Hybrid Journal  
Aktuelle Ernährungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
AkupunkturPraxis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Al-Azhar Assiut Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Al-Qadisiah Medical Journal     Open Access  
Alerta : Revista Científica del Instituto Nacional de Salud     Open Access  
Alexandria Journal of Medicine     Open Access  
Allgemeine Homöopathische Zeitung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ALTEX : Alternatives to Animal Experimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Biomedical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Biomedicine     Full-text available via subscription  
American Journal of Chinese Medicine, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Law & Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Managed Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Medical Case Reports     Open Access  
American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
American Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Medicine Open     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Medicine Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Medicine Supplements     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of the Medical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American Journal on Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American medical news     Free   (Followers: 3)
Amrita Journal of Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Amyloid: The Journal of Protein Folding Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina     Open Access  
Anales de la Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Uruguay     Open Access  
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analgesia & Resuscitation : Current Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anatolian Clinic the Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Anatomica Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Anatomical Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Anatomy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Anatomy Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Androgens : Clinical Research and Therapeutics     Open Access  
Angewandte Nuklearmedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Angewandte Schmerztherapie und Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  
Angiogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Animal Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales de Pathologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Annals of 3D Printed Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of African Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Annals of Biomedical Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Clinical and Medical Case Reports     Open Access  
Annals of Clinical Hypertension     Open Access  
Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Family Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Annals of Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Medicine and Surgery Protocols     Open Access  
Annals of Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Musculoskeletal Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Saudi Medicine     Open Access  
Annals of the College of Medicine, Mosul     Open Access  
Annals of the National Academy of Medical Sciences (India)     Open Access  
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of The Royal College of Surgeons of England     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annals of the RussianAacademy of Medical Sciences     Open Access  
Annals of Vascular Surgery - Brief Reports and Innovations     Full-text available via subscription  
Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Anthropologie et santé     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Antibodies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Antibody Reports     Open Access  
Antibody Therapeutics     Open Access  
Anuradhapura Medical Journal     Open Access  
Anwer Khan Modern Medical College Journal     Open Access  
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apparence(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Clinical Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Medical Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Arab Journal of Nephrology and Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arabian Journal of Scientific Research / المجلة العربية للبحث العلمي     Open Access  
Archive of Biomedical Science and Engineering     Open Access  
Archive of Clinical Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives Medical Review Journal / Arşiv Kaynak Tarama Dergisi     Open Access  
Archives of Asthma, Allergy and Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Clinical Hypertension     Open Access  
Archives of Medical and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Medical Laboratory Sciences     Open Access  
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Organ Transplantation     Open Access  
Archives of Preventive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Pulmonology and Respiratory Care     Open Access  
Archives of Renal Diseases and Management     Open Access  
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arquivos de Medicina     Open Access  
Ars Medica : Revista de Ciencias Médicas     Open Access  
ARS Medica Tomitana     Open Access  
Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Arterial Hypertension     Open Access  
Artificial Intelligence in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Artificial Organs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ASA Monitor     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Researches     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Medical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medicine and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Population Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Research in Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Social Health and Behavior     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Transfusion Science     Open Access  
Asian Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian Pacific Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ASPIRATOR : Journal of Vector-borne Disease Studies     Open Access  
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Atención Primaria Práctica     Open Access  
Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - Classe di Scienze Medico-Biologiche     Open Access  
Auris Nasus Larynx     Full-text available via subscription  
Australasian Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine (AJUM)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Journal of Medical Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Autopsy and Case Reports     Open Access  

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Acta Medica Iranica
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.34
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0044-6025 - ISSN (Online) 1735-9694
Published by Tehran University of Medical Sciences Homepage  [21 journals]
  • The Applications of Machine Learning Algorithms in Multiple Sclerosis: A
           Systematic Review

    • Authors: Ali Garavand, Mahnaz Samadbeik, Nasim Aslani
      Pages: 259 - 269
      Abstract: Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a common chronic disease that affects society, especially young people. In recent years, data sciences have been used extensively to deal with the disease. Machine learning is one of the main data sciences types which has been used to deal with chronic diseases such as MS. This study aimed to identify the applications of machine learning algorithms in MS disease. This study is a systematic review that conducted in 2020. The searches were done in PubMed, Scopus, ISI Web of Sciences, Ovid, Science Direct, Embase, and Proquest scientific databases, by combining related keywords. Data extraction was done by using a data extraction form to follow the trends of this field of study. The results of the study showed that diagnosis of MS was the main application of machine learning in MS (33.3 %); also, assessment (24.24%) and prediction (18.18 %) of the disease were other main applications. The most used data type was medical images such as MRI and CT scans (55.17 %). The most used machine learning algorithm type was Support Vector Machine (SVM) (30 %) as a classification algorithm. The most optimized algorithm for the diagnosis and prediction of MS was KNN. It’s suggested to use machine learning algorithms to diagnose, assess, predict lesion classification, treatment, and severity determining of MS disease. Although the most common form of data used for MS is medical images, it is suggested that other types of data are generated to be used in machine learning algorithms. Considering the optimization rate of the algorithms used, it is suggested to pay more attention to the type of data and study objectives in data analysis using machine learning.
      PubDate: 2022-06-08
      DOI: 10.18502/acta.v60i5.9551
  • The Study of Blood Biomarkers in the Pathogenesis of Fibromyalgia: A
           Case-Control Study

    • Authors: Mansour Salesi, Sara Hosseinpoor
      Pages: 270 - 274
      Abstract: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a chronic musculoskeletal syndrome characterized by pain and fatigue; however, its etiology remains unknown, and various hypotheses and biomarkers have been proposed. This study it is aimed to investigate blood biomarkers in the pathogenesis of FM. The current case-control study has been conducted on 45 females with the documented diagnosis of FM and 45 healthy controls referring to the outpatient clinic of rheumatology in 2018-19. The serum levels of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEAS), erythrocytic sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), complete blood count (CBC), and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) was measured and compared between the groups. DHEAS serum levels in cases and controls were 27.55±18.80 and 33.55±21.80, (P=0.16), ESR was 29.17±9.75 and 17.37±2.82 (P<0.001), CRP was 4.17±1.53 and 3.53±1.15 (P=0.02), TSH was 3.307±0.27 and 3.41±0.22 (P=0.09), respectively. The two groups were similar in CBC indices, including hemoglobin, hematocrit, white blood cell, lymphocyte, neutrophil, and platelet count (P>0.05). DHEAS was slightly, but insignificantly, lower among the females with FM than healthy cases. On the other hand, the serum ESR and CRP levels were remarkably higher among the females with FM; however, in the normal range, a fact representing the possible traces of inflammation in the pathogenesis of FM.
      PubDate: 2022-06-08
      DOI: 10.18502/acta.v60i5.9553
  • Serum Concentrations of Cardiac Troponin I Is Correlated With the Outcomes
           of Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Exacerbation
           Referred to Emergency Department

    • Authors: Kavous Shahsavarinia, Neda Moghadasian Niaki, Ali Taghizadieh, Peyman Habibi, Ahmad Separham, Neda Gilani, Neda Dolatkhah
      Pages: 275 - 282
      Abstract: Acute exacerbations are the important reasons for hospitalization and death in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between serum concentrations of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and the outcome of COPD patients visiting the emergency department with acute exacerbation of COPD (AECOPD). In this study, we included 90 AECOPD patients between October 2018 and October 2019. Serum cTnI was measured during the first 24 and 48 hours after admission. Patients were categorized into two groups positive cTnI values (≥0.3 ng/dl) and negative cTnI (<0.3 ng/dl). The outcomes of patients were compared between the two groups. Patients in Positive cTnI group in the first 24 hours and 48 hours compared to patients in negative group had significantly higher rate of in-hospital [(66.7% vs. 3.7%, P<0.001) and (50.0% vs. 3.8%, P<0.001), respectively)] and 30-day mortality rates [(88.9% vs. 3.3%, P<0.001) and (66.7% vs. 5.1%, P<0.001), respectively)]. The number of cases requiring intubation [(100% vs. 12.3%, P<0.001) and (75.0% vs. 12.8%, P<0.001), respectively)] and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) [(100.0% vs. 5.5%, P<0.05) and (100.0% vs. 5.5%, P<0.001), respectively)] as well as the duration of intensive care unit (ICU) stay [(37.00±14.61 vs 9.83±4.93 days, P<0.001) and (37.00±14.61 vs 9.83±4.93 days, P<0.001), respectively)] were also higher in cTnI positive patients. Increased cTnI during AECOPD is associated with higher rates of CPR, need for mechanical ventilation and in-hospital, short-term mortalities, and a longer ICU stay.
      PubDate: 2022-06-08
      DOI: 10.18502/acta.v60i5.9554
  • Influence of Vitamin D Status on Fatigue in Ankylosing Spondylitis

    • Authors: Rawdha Tekaya, Ons Hamdi, Ines Jemmali, Aicha Ben Tekaya, Leila Rouached, Olfa Saidane, Selma Bouden, Kahena Bouzid, Ines Mahmoud, Leila Abdelmoula
      Pages: 283 - 292
      Abstract: - Fatigue is a common symptom in ankylosing spondylitis. Hypovitaminosis D is one of the factors influencing fatigue during inflammatory rheumatisms. This study aimed to determine the influence of vitamin D deficiency on fatigue in ankylosing spondylitis. In this cross-sectional study, 40 patients with ankylosing spondylitis and 40 patients suffering from low back pain were recruited. Clinical and laboratory data, including vitamin D dosage, disease activity, functional impairment, and quality of life, were evaluated using specific and validated scores. Fatigue was assessed by the FACIT-F score. Both groups of patients were compound of 27 men and 13 women with a mean of 43.55±12.26 years in the study group and 47.77±13.63 years in the case group, respectively. Ankylosing spondylitis was active according to the ASDASCRP score in 67.5% of cases. All patients were suffering from fatigue with a mean FACIT-F score of 21.13. Severe levels of fatigue were noted in 50% of cases. 92.5% of patients were vitamin D deficient with a mean vitamin D of 16.57±7.15 ng/mL. Factors associated with fatigue were: female gender (P=0.05), spinal pain (P<0.001), enthesitis (P<0.001), disease activity (P<0.001), functional impairment (P<0.001), and quality of life (P<0.001). However, smoking was the only factor related to vitamin D deficiency (P=0.05). Vitamin D level was not correlated with fatigue (r= -0.02, P=0.91). In our study, vitamin D status did not seem to have an impact on fatigue in patients with ankylosing spondylitis.
      PubDate: 2022-06-08
      DOI: 10.18502/acta.v60i5.9555
  • UPAR Overexpression Could Be a Potential Favorable Prognostic Marker in
           Invasive Ductal Carcinoma of Breast

    • Authors: Ata Abbasi, Elnaz Mehdipour, Hengameh Mojdeganlou
      Pages: 293 - 298
      Abstract: Breast cancer is the most common malignant tumor in women. Some factors, including histological grade, vascular invasion, and metastasis, are known prognostic factors. Many studies have been performed to find more predictive factors such as urokinase plasminogen activator system markers. Here, we tried to evaluate the relationship between Urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor expression and other histopathologic parameters. 62 malignant breast tumors were enrolled. UPAR immunohistochemistry staining was performed on paraffin blocks. We evaluated the relationship between UPAR expression and histopathologic factors, including tumor size, tumor type, histologic grade, lymph node status, lymphovascular and perineural invasions, and hormone receptors status (ER, PR, and HER2). The patient's mean age was 46.18±10.35 years. We found a positive relationship between UPAR expression and the presence of carcinoma insitu (P=0.027). A negative relationship was observed between UPAR expression and lymph node involvement (P=0.01), the number of involved lymph nodes (P=0.027), and also intensity and percentage of UPAR positivity in the case with lymph node involvement (P=0.005 and 0.029, respectively). UPAR expression is associated with lymph node metastasis which is one of the most important predictors of prognosis in breast cancer. So, it could be used as a favorable prognostic factor in breast cancer.
      PubDate: 2022-06-08
      DOI: 10.18502/acta.v60i5.9556
  • Pulmonary Function Test in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients

    • Authors: Samrad Mehrabi, Bahareh Ebrahimi, Fatemeh Heidari, Mohammad Ali Nazarinia
      Pages: 307 - 312
      Abstract: Lung disease is a common and important contributor to morbidity and mortality in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Studies have shown that diagnostic methods can reveal hidden pulmonary diseases even in RA patients with no respiratory symptoms. In this study, we assessed pulmonary function tests (PFTs) and chest radiographs (CXRs) in RA patients with more than three years of illness to find a suitable instrument for prospecting RA-induced lung diseases. We conducted a prospective cross-sectional study on 57 RA patients. Demographic, clinical, and CXR data were recorded. Residual volume (RV), total lung capacity (TLC), forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1), and FEV1/FVC ratio was assessed. According to the FEV1/FVC ratio, patients were divided into three groups: FEV1/FVC below 70% (obstructive pattern) in 5% and between 70% and 85% (normal) in 50%, and above 85% (restrictive lung disease) in 45% of RA patients. Normal X-ray was the most common finding in CXR, and only cystic changes and reticular changes were found in 5% of patients. Analysis showed a significant relationship between abnormal chest images and the duration of disease (P=0.025), but PFT data did not result in any significance. Respiratory symptoms or clinical examinations are positive findings in the evaluation of asymptomatic patients, and using PFT is more rational than CXR. Our data show that there is no correlation between the disease duration and PFT data; hence, asymptomatic patients with a variety of risk factors should undergo further investigation.
      PubDate: 2022-06-08
      DOI: 10.18502/acta.v60i5.9557
  • An Epidemiological Survey on Kidney Stones and Related Risk Factors in the
           Iranian Community

    • Authors: Shahrzad Shahidi, Shahaboddin Dolatkhah, Mojgan Mortazavi, Abdolamir Atapour, Farshad Aghaaliakbari, Rokhsareh Meamar, Mohammadali Badri, Diana Taheri
      Pages: 307 - 312
      Abstract:  Increasing number of patients with kidney stones is a major worldwide concern that needs more attention for recognizing the disease in order to set up suitable prevention systems. In this study, we aimed to assess the prevalence and related risk factors of kidney stones in our local area (Isfahan, Iran). In 2011, we celebrated World Kidney Day (WKD) with several training programs for informing people about kidney diseases. A questionnaire containing demographic data, past medical history, and familial and self-history of kidney disease was fulfilled by each individual who participated in WKD. Blood pressure and body mass index (BMI) were also measured using standard methods. Statistical analysis with SPSS-20 software was done. 556 participants with a mean age of 44.69±15.32 were included in the study, of which 107 cases (19.2%) with a mean age of 50.24±12.33 had a kidney stone, and 449 cases (80.8%) with a mean age of 44.69±15.32 had no history of kidney stone. There were no significant differences between those with and without kidney stones regarding sex (P=0.176), type of daily work (P=0.91), diabetes mellitus (P=0.64), and place of living (urban versus rural) (P=0.92) and BMI (P=0.26). However, there were differences between groups regarding age (P˂0.001), Hypertension (HTN) (P=001), Cardiovascular disease (CVD) (P=0.02), and familial history of kidney stone (P˂0.001). Out of 107 patients with kidney stones, the mean number of urinary excretion of stones was 2.56±2.98. We found a greater prevalence of kidney stones in our local area compared with data from other research studies. Despite some previous studies, comparison of people with and without kidney stones did not reveal differences in the prevalence of DM, type of daily work (low activity versus high activity), and obesity but differences in the field of HTN and CVD were seen.
      PubDate: 2022-06-08
      DOI: 10.18502/acta.v60i5.9558
  • Primary Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Prostate With Direct Extension to

    • Authors: Sahel Valadan Tahbaz, Hossein Yahyazadeh, Saadat Molanaei, Marziyeh Beheshti
      Pages: 313 - 315
      Abstract: SCC of the prostate is different from other adenocarcinomas in its treatment and prognosis. Here, the patient is a 57-year-old man with benign prostatic hyperplasia that underwent a prostatectomy and, after one month with hematuria and another follow-up radical cystoprostatectomy with lymphadenectomy and urethrectomy. After recovery, the patient experienced radiotherapy and chemotherapy sessions. So, from a review of other literature, we present our case report of squamous cell carcinoma of the prostate that is more aggressive than adenocarcinoma.
      PubDate: 2022-06-08
      DOI: 10.18502/acta.v60i5.9559
  • Severe Acute Hepatitis B, Caused by High Viral Load: A Case Report

    • Authors: Sara Razdar, Seyed Javad Hosseini, Mohammad Ali Abyazi, Mehdi Raei, Hamed Gholizadeh, Mohammad Heiat
      Pages: 316 - 318
      Abstract: Acute hepatitis B cases with very high viral load are rare in communities. This study presents an experience of treating a patient suffering from severe acute hepatitis B with a very high viral load. A 38-year-old Iranian male was diagnosed with acute hepatitis B with early and progressive liver dysfunction and a very high viral load. Treatment with Tenofovir was started. The complete response to treatment was achieved with multidisciplinary management; the patient was discharged after a week. A history of not being vaccinated against the hepatitis B virus and the job conditions could be the main causes of increased risks for his illness. However, the high viral load can be considered as the cause of severe acute hepatitis B development. The prompt and accurate diagnosis followed by suitable treatment choice led to the most favorable outcome.
      PubDate: 2022-06-08
      DOI: 10.18502/acta.v60i5.9560
  • VVeno-Arterial ECMO in Critically Ill Patients Affected With COVID-19 and
           Resistant to Supportive Respiratory Cares: An Iranian Experience

    • Authors: Bahador Baharestani, Fatemeh Tohidi, Mohaddeseh Behjati
      Pages: 319 - 320
      PubDate: 2022-06-08
      DOI: 10.18502/acta.v60i5.9561
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Heriot-Watt University
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