Publisher: De Gruyter   (Total: 4 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

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Croatian Intl. Relations Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.147, CiteScore: 0)
Economics : The Open-Access, Open-Assessment J.     Open Access  
HTM J. of Heat Treatment and Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.242, CiteScore: 0)
Macedonian Medical Review     Open Access  
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Croatian International Relations Review
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.147
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1331-1182 - ISSN (Online) 1848-5782
Published by De Gruyter Homepage  [4 journals]
  • Iran’s Political Role in Yemen and Syria Crises: A Comparative

    • Authors: Ra'ad Abdel Kareem Al-Awamleh
      Pages: 1 - 18
      Abstract: Iran has formulated policies to expand its ideology to Middle East nations since 1979 and these policies were expressed as direct or indirect military involvement in all Middle East crises such as in Syria and Yemen. Indeed, economic, political, and military interest were the real driven factors for Iranian involvement under the cover of expanding ideology. Political control is the door for gaining economic interests similar to what happened in Iraq. The aim of this research was to analyze the political role played by Iran in the current Yemeni and Syrian crises by employing a desk research design. The analysis shows that although Iran’s interest in both countries is ultimately the same, the approach used to achieve this interest is relatively different. Iran’s approach in Syria is contained within the interests of major players and tends towards promoting ceasefire and starts peaceful negotiations among parties and this approach could be considered positive. On the other hand, in Yemen, Iran seems to be conducting activities through the Houthis that disrupt peace and destabilize economic activities and this approach is considered negative. In both cases, Iran’s involvement is a sword of two edges, either translated into political win or war attrition. In conclusion, political ideology of the Iranian regime is the only way of its survival. This will put Iran in a rather unenviable position, and it could bring a lasting peace to Syria and Yemen.
      PubDate: 2022-03-29
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 89 (2022)
  • Interpretation in Simple Evidence Against Bankruptcy Matter and Suspension
           of Debt Payment Obligations in Indonesia

    • Authors: Fahren Marpaung, Sunarmi, Tan Kamello, Budiman Ginting
      Pages: 19 - 38
      Abstract: At the cassation level in the Supreme Court, the application of the procedural Legal for proving bankruptcy is generally applied through the interpretation method due to the unclear norms of simple proof. This was seen in the practice of Bankruptcy Legal in Indonesia and verified in the case of PT. Telkomsel, this study examines the case in the light of the Bankruptcy Law. The normative legal research or doctrinal research method was used to carry out this study. The research design adopted three types of approaches: the legal approach, the matter approach, and the conceptual approach. This methodology was in compliance with the recommendations of Joni Emirzon (2007) who emphasized on the need of legal research sources in order to solve legal problems in any research study. Findings revealed that the judges in the Commercial Court expanded the definition of debt falling under Bankruptcy Legal - Suspension of Debt Payment Obligations, which received many criticisms from various parties. The Supreme court reverted the verdict stating that the Commercial Court is not obliged to reject bankruptcy provisions in the Law. The study implications include using the Insolvency Test model in future bankruptcy laws to make it easier to see evidence of a Bankruptcy matter include simple evidence or ordinary evidence.
      PubDate: 2022-03-29
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 89 (2022)
  • The Use of Macro and Micro Structures in Pakistani Prime Minister’s
           Speech at UNGA: A Critical Discourse Analysis Approach

    • Authors: Naeem Afzal, Ansa Hameed, Ismat Jabeen
      Pages: 39 - 61
      Abstract: Political speeches delivered by state heads or politicians may stir controversies sometimes, especially, when speakers give arguments for or against some issues. To investigate so-called political discourses, critical discourse studies are conducted in different contexts. Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA), for instance, explores connection between different uses of discourse structures and socio-political contexts in which these structures occur. It also highlights issues such as power, dominance, ideology, and manipulation. The current study investigated Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan’s maiden speech to the 74th Session of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) on September 27, 2019 – watched by over four million viewers on YouTube. This study used van Dijk’s (1980) framework to analyze macro and micro structures in the speech and the underlying agenda behind employing such discourse structures. The qualitative data consisted of speech transcript, delivered in English, which contained about 2577 words. Findings reveal that macro propositions in the speech summarized global, regional, and national issues such as climate change, money laundering, corruption, Islamophobia, Pakistan’s war on terror, the Kashmir conflict, and Pakistan’s relations with India. The use of microstructural elements (pronouns, rhetorical question, references, number game, presupposition, modality, lexis and conjunctions) enabled the speaker to voice his ideological and political beliefs on aforementioned issues.
      PubDate: 2022-04-01
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 89 (2022)
  • Understanding the Adaptive Capacity of Actors in Environmental Governance:
           The Case of Transboundary Movement of Waste Electrical and Electronic
           Equipment (WEEE)

    • Authors: Achara Banjongprasert
      Pages: 62 - 89
      Abstract: Recent papers have highlighted the importance of adaptive ability in environmental governance. The capacity to anticipate and respond to environmental changes has been a priority for many organisations and academics studying environmental governance. While the considerable study focuses on adaptable capacity at the institutional and societal levels, little is known about the adaptive capacity of actors and how that ability might be strengthened. Additionally, a study deficit exists on the adaptive ability of essential players in environmental governance in the context of transboundary movement of waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE), which has tremendous negative consequences, particularly in developing countries. Thus, based on a conceptualisation of adaptive capacity and environmental governance, this paper identifies four characteristics of actors’ adaptable capability in the context of the transboundary WEEE movement. The interview was a qualitative research approach to elicit data from WEEE sector players in governmental, commercial, and non-governmental organisations (NGOs). The findings illustrate the current state of WEEE in Thailand, the import and regulation of WEEE in Thailand, and a lack of knowledge and managerial capacity to address WEEE issues. Additionally, the data show that adaptive capacity consists of learning and evaluation, coordination and cooperation, responsiveness and reconfiguration, and accountability. These are essential components of environmental governance’s adaptive capacity. The ideas have consequences for policymakers who wish to strengthen actors’ adaptive ability via enabling elements such as training, systems, and regulations.
      PubDate: 2022-03-29
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 89 (2022)
  • Non-Violence Approach In The Southern Area In Thailand: Problem And
           Increasing Of Operational Efficiency

    • Authors: Weriphan Srithep, Suppakorn Poonyarith, Sunee Kanyajit, Veenunkarn Rujipark, Apasiri Suwannanon
      Pages: 90 - 101
      Abstract: This research aimed to examine a non-violent approach to settling the conflict in Thailand's southern region. Taking Home Project was chosen to analyse issues and challenges to design policies, strategies, tactics, processes, and guidelines for improving operational efficiency. This was qualitative research in which data were gathered through in-depth interviews with 17 samples from main agencies and supporting agencies at the administrative and operational levels and from the people sector in specific places. The findings suggested that the Taking Home Project adhered to the concept of nonviolence and national security policy. They lacked effectiveness and efficiency, however, due to the following issues: 1) execution of the policy 2) a personnel shortage 3) a lack of engagement on the part of supporting agencies and the private sector; and 4) the fund was spent largely, but the outcome's cost-effectiveness cannot be quantified. Additionally, the Taking Home Project encountered obstacles and difficulties resulting from the dispute in the historical component of secession, religious and cultural divides, and communication to foster understanding. The study concluded that the government should strengthen the project's employees and promote good governance in its management. Collaboration between the public and private sectors and the community will be bolstered.
      PubDate: 2022-03-29
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 89 (2022)
  • A Comparative Analysis and Overview of Indonesian & Global Debt
           Restructuring Policies Amid the Covid-19 Pandemic

    • Authors: Yulianto
      Pages: 102 - 119
      Abstract: Since implementing all feasible plans, strategies, and containment measures to avert the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, the globe has failed to avoid the rapid spread of a novel coronavirus and its detrimental economic impact on the world. Similarly, the proliferation of COVID-19 has impacted economic stability in Indonesia and debtors' performance and capability to meet their debt commitments, which can potentially impair banking performance in debt management. Thus, drawing on historical crises and debt restructuring literature this study built on recent research (Disemadi & Shaleh, 2020) to shed light on the Indonesian government's/Central bank's debt restructuring policy and its efficacy in rehabilitating the impacted economic sector. Additionally, a comprehensive evaluation of the literature on global debt restructuring policies during COVID-19 is offered. The findings indicate that a successful banking policy directs banks to assist their clients and safeguard shareholders' interests. Additionally, the study's findings suggest that the restructuring scheme's implementation varies by context, based on each bank's regulations and appraisal of the debtor's profile and ability to pay. As a result, extreme steps are advocated during times of crisis to assist the developing economy. The authors make recommendations for future research avenues and policy consequences.
      PubDate: 2022-01-31
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 89 (2022)
  • Analyzing the Lawsuit of the European Union Over Nickel Ore Export
           Regulation in Indonesia

    • Authors: Atik Krustiyati, Novela Christine, Sholahuddin Al-Fatih, Abdul Kadir Jaelani
      Pages: 121 - 135
      Abstract: Nickel ore constitutes among Indonesian export commodities which have been the cause of a massive increase in exports. Another reason for the increase in the Indonesian exports was the absence of regulation on export trade for mineral and ores. This research aimed to find how the principle of the quantitative restriction outlined in GATT 1994 over the restrictions of nickel export by Indonesia was implemented. This research adopted legal research design with conceptual and statutory approach. The findings reveal that Indonesia, against which the lawsuit was filed, had to come with adequate evidence as legitimating grounds either in terms of economic or non-economic aspects, and examples of these legitimating grounds were mentioned in Article XX (g) of GATT 1994 as in the case of China – Raw Materials, suggesting that referring to Article XX (g) of GATT 1994 must not overlook the objectives of the protection of exhaustible natural resources, including the preventive protection coming from the state. This case study would be a useful source of information for the academia and the legal practitioners.
      PubDate: 2022-03-31
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 89 (2022)
  • Inheritance Dispute Resolution against Substitute Heirs: Analyzing Supreme
           Court’s Decision Number 185 K/Ag/2009

    • Authors: Setiyowati
      Pages: 136 - 149
      Abstract: Problems arise regarding the struggle for inheritance, particularly when an heir feels that s/he has received the inheritance fairly, or there is disagreement between heirs on the inheritance law. Often grandchildren feel that their rights as substitute heirs have not been fulfilled, and they approach local Religious Court to claim their inheritance rights. The current study discusses a case of substitute inheritance where grandchildren attempt to obtain substitute inheritance for a property. The focus of the study was the Supreme Court's decision Number 185 K/AG/2009.  A normative juridical approach method was used and analytical and descriptive techniques were adopted to examine the facts of this qualitative study. Secondary data sources were used to collect data from legal archives, libraries and data bases. Primary data was also collected through informal discussion with the Law officials.  The study highlights how a religions court recognized grandchildren as legal heirs (substitute heirs) and permitted them to replace the previous heirs, who were their parents. The study describes how the substitute heirs made efforts to conduct initial consultations or mediation with the parties. When they did not succeed, they filed a lawsuit in the Religious Court, in accordance with Law Number 3 of 2006 and the Judge's consideration at the Supreme Court level in deciding the case Number 185/K/Ag/2009. The case was also filed with reference to Article 185 of the Compilation of Islamic Law which stated that a child can replace the position of his parents who died first as a substitute heir provided that the portion received did not exceed the share of the heirs equal to the heirs being replaced. The verdict was not accepted by the Defendants and a cassation was filed in the supreme court. This study will prove to be a good reference study and would serve as a precedence in similar cases.
      PubDate: 2022-03-31
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 89 (2022)
  • The Role of International Religious Relations, Intrinsic & Extrinsic
           Religiosity in developing the Pro-environmental Behavior of Individuals
           among diverse religious backgrounds with mediating effect of
           pro-environmental intention

    • Authors: Le Van Loi
      Pages: 150 - 170
      Abstract: Religiosity tends to influence the intention of human beings and ultimately impact the behavior of an individual. Vietnam is one of the attractive countries having a religiously diversified population. Historically, the idea has been made that religious attitude and religion impact an individual's behavior in shaping the act.  The current research endeavored to examine international religious interactions, the intrinsic and extrinsic perspectives of religiosity, and how they influence individuals' pro-environmental intentions and behaviors across samples recruited from numerous religious groups in Vietnam. The data were analyzed using Smart PLS, and the results indicated that while inner religiosity strongly predicts pro-environmental behavior, external religiosity also considerably predicts pro-environmental intention and behavior. Both intrinsic religiosity and extrinsic religions advocate for environmental protection. Endogenous religions such as Cao Dai and Hoa Hao have absorbed the teachings of foreign religions such as Buddhism, Catholicism, and Taoism and expressed the idea of environmental protection in their teachings, which influenced believers' pro-environmental behavior.
      PubDate: 2022-03-31
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 89 (2022)
  • Adopting Islamic Ethics to Resolve Problems of International Political
           Economy Driven by Libidinal Factors in a Consumerist Society

    • Authors: Musa Maliki, Abdullah Sumrahadi, Muhammad Latif Mukti
      Pages: 171 - 189
      Abstract: This article argues that study of international political economy (IPE) is not rational as assumed or expected, but it driven by Libidinal Economy in the process of symbolic exchange in consumerist society. Libidinal economy means to desire and compulsively pursue more and more surplus value or never-ending capital accumulation. The study adopted a qualitative research design with a meta-theoretical approach to interpret the problems related to the philosophical assumptions of the study of IPE in the discipline of International Relations. The main objective of this research was to examine the compulsive mentality of the libidinal economy and to see how animated commodities drain the subject into deeper addiction (Hancock, 2017). This argument was constructed by focusing on Lyotard’s, and Bennett’s concept of libidinal economy and Baudrillard’s concept of consumerist society. In this regard, the study of IPE should address more social dimension in ethical moral sentiments so that it can tackle the consequences of global capitalism such as a widening gap between the rich and the poor, climate change/global warming, pollution, and environmental destruction as whole.  Further, this study believed that addressing Islamic ethics as the moral sentiment was one of ways to tackle the problem in the study of IPE in World Politics, preoccupied by libidinal economy and ontological nihilistic symbolic exchange of commodities in consumerist society. Islamic ethics provides sufficient rule for human beings in dealing with the nature. The study found that Islamic ethics was very much basic to maintain the balance life between human beings and the nature. This can lead to sustain the life cycle of the world. The study recommends that the libidinal IPE should be balanced with Islamic ethics especially in the spiritual sense. Islamic Ethics has the potential to preserve and maintain the harmony of human mentality and their natural relations.
      PubDate: 2022-03-31
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 89 (2022)
  • The Role of Human Resource Management Within the South African Public
           Service in Ensuring Cultural Diversity Readiness for Public Servants
           Dealing with Different Cultures

    • Authors: Anton Brewis
      Pages: 190 - 208
      Abstract: As a result of a fast-changing world and work environment in a globalized public service, the public servants in South Africa are expected to adapt quickly to new conditions, problems, and changes, including dealing with different cultures and nationalities. A continually shifting setting that necessitates acclimating to a new culture can be challenging for any public worker who is expected to perform at the highest level consistently. Therefore, this article aims to determine the role of Human Resource Management departments in ensuring that all public officials are prepared for cultural diversity. This readiness can be achieved by providing public officials with cultural diversity training to increase their awareness and sensitivity to various cultures. The study utilized a qualitative methodology, and purposive sampling was used to sample a variety of documents that helped researchers establish the function of HRM departments in assuring the preparedness of public workers in South Africa for a rapidly changing world and workplace. The basis of this study is that HRM departments are responsible for training in this area. This paper contributes to the South African public sector literature by highlighting the importance of HRM departments in ensuring that all public officials are prepared for cultural diversity.
      PubDate: 2022-03-31
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 89 (2022)
  • The Collaborative Governance with Focus on Controlling the Illegal Mining
           in Indonesia

    • Authors: Gede Harimbawa, I Nyoman Sumaryadi, Djohermansyah Djohan, Deti Mulyati, Mansyur Achmad
      Pages: 209 - 224
      Abstract: This study studies and analyzes collaborative governance to develop a strategic paradigm for controlling illegal mining in the Indonesian province of West Nusa Tenggara. This study employed a qualitative approach with 16 research respondents selected using the snowball method. This investigation also employs descriptive analysis derived from observer triangulation analysis. According to the findings of this study, the collaborative governance in controlling illegal mining in West Nusa Tenggara Province has shown a positive direction if it continues to be carried out consistently between the current government and its law enforcement officers to control the persistent illegal miners in the jurisdiction area of West Nusa Tenggara Province. The PASTI collaboration model, which is comprised of the regional government, law enforcement officers, private sector, community leaders, and parent organizations, is the strategic model derived from the findings of this study and can be utilized to control illegal mining in West Nusa Tenggara Province (environmental observers).
      PubDate: 2022-03-31
      Issue No: Vol. 28, No. 89 (2022)
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