Publisher: Springer-Verlag (Total: 2626 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 2626 Journals sorted by number of followers
Information Retrieval     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 797, SJR: 0.352, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. J. on Digital Libraries     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 784, SJR: 0.441, CiteScore: 2)
Trends in Organized Crime     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 541, SJR: 0.26, CiteScore: 1)
Crime, Law and Social Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 504, SJR: 0.357, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Police and Criminal Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 432, SJR: 0.35, CiteScore: 1)
Diabetologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 346, SJR: 3.228, CiteScore: 5)
Innovative Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 322, SJR: 0.586, CiteScore: 1)
Natural Hazards     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 305, SJR: 0.767, CiteScore: 2)
Gyroscopy and Navigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 252, SJR: 0.292, CiteScore: 1)
Biodiversity and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 244, SJR: 1.243, CiteScore: 3)
Dysphagia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 204, SJR: 0.99, CiteScore: 2)
Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 201, SJR: 1.782, CiteScore: 2)
Pharmaceutical Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 188, SJR: 1.077, CiteScore: 3)
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 184, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
European J. of Information Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 173, SJR: 1.628, CiteScore: 4)
Crime Prevention and Community Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 165, SJR: 0.268, CiteScore: 1)
Space Science Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 95, SJR: 3.262, CiteScore: 7)
J. of Autism and Developmental Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 91, SJR: 1.81, CiteScore: 4)
Intensive Care Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 77, SJR: 3.293, CiteScore: 4)
Ethics and Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72, SJR: 0.512, CiteScore: 2)
Education and Information Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 71, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 1)
Archival Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70, SJR: 0.745, CiteScore: 2)
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70, SJR: 1.182, CiteScore: 4)
Landscape Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66, SJR: 1.858, CiteScore: 4)
European J. of Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65, SJR: 0.375, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Archaeological Method and Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64, SJR: 2.014, CiteScore: 3)
Marine Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63, SJR: 1.085, CiteScore: 2)
Climatic Change     Open Access   (Followers: 62, SJR: 2.035, CiteScore: 4)
J. of Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61, SJR: 1.752, CiteScore: 4)
Machine Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 0.695, CiteScore: 3)
Research in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60, SJR: 1.702, CiteScore: 2)
Educational Technology Research and Development     Partially Free   (Followers: 60)
J. of Experimental Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 2.639, CiteScore: 4)
Cambridge journal of evidence-based policing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
Oecologia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58, SJR: 1.695, CiteScore: 3)
J. of the Indian Society of Remote Sensing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 0.337, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57, SJR: 1.09, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 1.276, CiteScore: 3)
Intl. J. for Philosophy of Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56, SJR: 0.354, CiteScore: 0)
Experimental Techniques     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 0.296, CiteScore: 1)
Earth, Moon, and Planets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54, SJR: 0.63, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 0.58, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Archaeological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 2.159, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 3)
Memory & Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 1.379, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Earth System Science     Open Access   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.366, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian J. of Anesthesia/J. canadien d'anesthésie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.908, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Applied Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 1.186, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Astrophysics and Astronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.266, CiteScore: 0)
Environmental Management     Open Access   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.921, CiteScore: 2)
Contemporary Political Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.331, CiteScore: 0)
Intl. J. of Historical Archaeology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 0.427, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Intl. Business Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 5.198, CiteScore: 7)
Demography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 2.345, CiteScore: 3)
Astrophysics and Space Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44, SJR: 0.616, CiteScore: 1)
Water Resources Management     Open Access   (Followers: 43, SJR: 1.185, CiteScore: 3)
Bulletin of Materials Science     Open Access   (Followers: 43, SJR: 0.31, CiteScore: 1)
Comparative European Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43, SJR: 1.24, CiteScore: 2)
IMF Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 3.287, CiteScore: 2)
Qualitative Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.984, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Atmospheric Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.956, CiteScore: 2)
Climate Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 2.445, CiteScore: 4)
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42, SJR: 0.571, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Family Violence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.679, CiteScore: 1)
Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 1.093, CiteScore: 2)
European Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.25, CiteScore: 0)
Foundations of Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 0.454, CiteScore: 1)
Educational Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41, SJR: 2.204, CiteScore: 4)
Scientometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 1.125, CiteScore: 3)
Economia Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.277, CiteScore: 1)
Mindfulness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 1.132, CiteScore: 3)
Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 0.864, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. of Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40, SJR: 1.125, CiteScore: 2)
European J. of Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 1.408, CiteScore: 3)
Experimental Astronomy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 0.908, CiteScore: 2)
J. of World Prehistory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 2.022, CiteScore: 3)
European J. of Health Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 1.153, CiteScore: 2)
Environmental Monitoring and Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 0.589, CiteScore: 2)
Environment, Development and Sustainability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 0.392, CiteScore: 1)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 0.656, CiteScore: 2)
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38, SJR: 1.323, CiteScore: 2)
Metal Science and Heat Treatment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.279, CiteScore: 0)
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 1)
European J. of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 1.312, CiteScore: 3)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.64, CiteScore: 2)
Intl. Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.728, CiteScore: 1)
European J. of Epidemiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 3.228, CiteScore: 6)
J. of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.991, CiteScore: 2)
JOM J. of the Minerals, Metals and Materials Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 1.054, CiteScore: 2)
Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.695, CiteScore: 1)
Solar Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.517, CiteScore: 3)
Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries     Open Access   (Followers: 34, SJR: 1.8, CiteScore: 4)
Accreditation and Quality Assurance: J. for Quality, Comparability and Reliability in Chemical Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.316, CiteScore: 1)
Biotechnology Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.621, CiteScore: 2)
Italian Economic J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.181, CiteScore: 0)
J. of Economic Growth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 5.529, CiteScore: 5)
Political Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 2.708, CiteScore: 2)
Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 2.081, CiteScore: 4)
Child and Adolescent Social Work J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.444, CiteScore: 1)
J. of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.058, CiteScore: 3)
Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
J. of Risk and Uncertainty     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.471, CiteScore: 2)
AAPS J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.118, CiteScore: 4)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.53, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Quantitative Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 3.562, CiteScore: 4)
American J. of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 1.329, CiteScore: 2)
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.978, CiteScore: 3)
Der Onkologe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.119, CiteScore: 0)
Australian Educational Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Higher Education Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.652, CiteScore: 1)
Motivation and Emotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 1.136, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Population Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 1.574, CiteScore: 2)
Plant Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.914, CiteScore: 2)
Transportation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.911, CiteScore: 3)
GPS Solutions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.674, CiteScore: 5)
Clinical Social Work J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 0.498, CiteScore: 1)
Current Diabetes Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.618, CiteScore: 4)
Boundary-Layer Meteorology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.262, CiteScore: 2)
Resonance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.15, CiteScore: 0)
CEAS Aeronautical J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.248, CiteScore: 1)
Information Systems Frontiers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 0.821, CiteScore: 4)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.72, CiteScore: 2)
Environmental Earth Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.552, CiteScore: 2)
IIC - Intl. Review of Intellectual Property and Competition Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.28, CiteScore: 0)
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.845, CiteScore: 3)
J. of Nutrition, Health and Aging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.249, CiteScore: 3)
J. of Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.784, CiteScore: 2)
Flow, Turbulence and Combustion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.934, CiteScore: 2)
European Business Organization Law Review (EBOR)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.409, CiteScore: 1)
Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.599, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Happiness Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.827, CiteScore: 2)
Landslides     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.802, CiteScore: 4)
Breast Cancer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.653, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Financial Services Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 1.31, CiteScore: 1)
Microsystem Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.346, CiteScore: 1)
Review of Accounting Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 2.757, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Banking Regulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.22, CiteScore: 0)
Astrophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.225, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.74, CiteScore: 2)
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 2.066, CiteScore: 4)
Intl. J. of Information Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.555, CiteScore: 3)
J. of Ornithology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
The European Physical J. D - Atomic, Molecular, Optical and Plasma Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.387, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Computational Neuroscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.888, CiteScore: 2)
Law and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.471, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Sexuality and Gender Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Human Rights Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.175, CiteScore: 1)
Aquaculture Intl.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.591, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Analytical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.265, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Science and Mathematics Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.737, CiteScore: 1)
Human Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.752, CiteScore: 2)
Public Choice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.991, CiteScore: 1)
Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.543, CiteScore: 1)
Continental Philosophy Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.145, CiteScore: 0)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 1.04, CiteScore: 2)
Evolutionary Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.81, CiteScore: 2)
Artificial Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.833, CiteScore: 4)
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.052, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Public Health Policy     Partially Free   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.715, CiteScore: 1)
Water, Air, & Soil Pollution     Open Access   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.589, CiteScore: 2)
Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.899, CiteScore: 5)
Canadian J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.609, CiteScore: 1)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.572, CiteScore: 2)
Russian Aeronautics (Iz VUZ)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.136, CiteScore: 0)
Wetlands     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.755, CiteScore: 2)
Critical Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.34, CiteScore: 1)
World J. of Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.359, CiteScore: 2)
Fluid Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.345, CiteScore: 1)
Experimental Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 2.276, CiteScore: 2)
Mechanics of Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.313, CiteScore: 1)
Biological Invasions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.514, CiteScore: 3)
Heat and Mass Transfer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.448, CiteScore: 1)
Environmental and Resource Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 1.186, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.587, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Chemical Sciences     Partially Free   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.352, CiteScore: 1)
Intl. J. of Mental Health and Addiction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.265, CiteScore: 1)
Research in Science Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.019, CiteScore: 2)
Behavior Research Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 2.099, CiteScore: 4)
Science & Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Electrical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.323, CiteScore: 1)
J. of the Academy of Marketing Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 4.614, CiteScore: 7)
Diabetes Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.094, CiteScore: 3)
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 3.385, CiteScore: 5)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.812, CiteScore: 1)
Erkenntnis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.502, CiteScore: 1)
Current Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.562, CiteScore: 1)
J. of Materials Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.807, CiteScore: 3)
Ethical Theory and Moral Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.402, CiteScore: 1)
Animal Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.389, CiteScore: 3)
European Spine J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.535, CiteScore: 2)
Human Nature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 1.092, CiteScore: 2)
Experimental Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.947, CiteScore: 2)
J. of Child and Family Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.784, CiteScore: 2)
J. of General Internal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.612, CiteScore: 2)
Evolutionary Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 1.117, CiteScore: 2)
Astronomy Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.452, CiteScore: 1)
Abdominal Radiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.866, CiteScore: 2)
Chromatographia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.514, CiteScore: 1)
Early Childhood Education J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.35
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 432  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1936-6469 - ISSN (Online) 0882-0783
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2626 journals]
  • Behaviour Sequence Analysis of Police Body-Worn Camera Footage
    • Abstract: Abstract Law enforcement officers in the USA have one of the highest lethal force rates in the world. A shortcoming of previous research on the use of force is that officer-subject encounters are observed as static events, and not a complex escalation of behaviours. Behaviour sequence analysis can identify common pathways that show chains of behaviours occurring at a level greater than what was expected by chance. The current study used 40 body-worn camera videos of officer-subject interactions leading to either lethal or non-lethal outcomes. The current results show that officers are more likely to use lethal force in response to physical threats from subjects, and likewise, use non-lethal force in response to verbal threats. The outcomes of this research extend to law enforcement and public safety, to understand and potentially reduce use of force incidents, particularly lethal force. It also serves to highlight the dynamic and challenging nature of these interactions to aid in establishing a greater rapport between officers and the communities they serve.
      PubDate: 2020-07-09
       
  • Motivations for Becoming a Police Officer: a Global Snapshot
    • Abstract: Abstract This study investigated the motives to work for the Police focusing on the differences between recruits from developing and developed countries. Age and year recruited were also accessed to ascertain whether they can account for variance in motives. A total of 233 participants from 28 countries, of which 70 were female, were recruited from active (N = 82) or former (N = 151) Police officers (mean age = 37.65, SD = 8.76, range = 20–62). Of the 28 countries, 16 were classified as developing and 12 as developed by the United Nations classification guide. An adapted 14-item survey was used based on the original scale developed by Lester (1983) listing respectively different reasons for joining the police. Participants from developing countries scored higher motives related to job availability and benefits, helping family and friends, and family influence than those from developed countries. The age recruited was negatively associated with social-capital and family influence motives and positively associated with job availability and benefits-driven motives. Those recruited more recently were more likely to score highly motives related to job availability and benefits motives. The study extended the scope of past research by recruiting a diverse sample of (former) policemen from several countries to offer a more comprehensive snapshot of the factors affecting motives.
      PubDate: 2020-07-09
       
  • Stigma of Mental Illness: an Exploration of Rural Law Enforcement
           Attitudes Toward Mental Health in the Heartland
    • Abstract: Abstract Law enforcement officers encounter a large number of individuals with mental illness. Due to this, law enforcement officers—especially those in rural agencies—are tasked with providing frontline mental health services and making decisions about the future care of the individual. Still, the mental health training received by officers is insufficient, which may result in stigmatic perceptions. However, little is known about perceptions of mental illness held by rural law enforcement officers, as much literature on law enforcement takes place in urban areas. Researchers of the current study surveyed law enforcement officers employed in rural communities within a heartland state on their views of mental illness, training, and treatment. Results from the current study suggest rural law enforcement officers hold overall positive views of mental illness. However, findings continue to outline the need for increased resources for those with a mental illness and those working in rural communities.
      PubDate: 2020-07-06
       
  • The Impact of Mental Health Resources on Police Officer Action
    • Abstract: Abstract Concern over interactions between the police and public is more prevalent today than ever before. Specifically, the number of interactions between the police and individuals with mental health disorders (MHD) has increased as the resources from the mental health systems continue to decrease. To better understand these interactions, this paper focuses on police response to mental health calls for service (MHCFS), with specific attention to resources available for officers. Using factorial surveys, police responses from departments across the USA were analyzed using hierarchical linear mixed modeling. The results suggest the availability of mental health resources are significant predictors in the actions taken by police. Implications are clear, police require more mental health-related resources available to them at the scene.
      PubDate: 2020-07-04
       
  • I’m Still in the Blue Family: Gender and Professional Identity
           Construction in Police Officers
    • Abstract: Abstract With an increase in gender equality policies and gender balance targets within traditionally male professions, organisations such as the police service are experiencing changing demographics. How these shifts influence the construction of professional identity is unclear. Drawing on focus group data, this study aimed to explore identity construction of police officers across gender using a thematic analysis method. Two themes related to identity construction were found to be common to both male and female police officers: ‘Working within a blue family’ and ‘Being a copper is a job for life’. However, the way in which these themes were articulated differed between male and female officers, with male officers experiencing more difficulty than female officers in terms of positioning their identity within the evolving police culture. The findings from this study have implications for gender policies in the workforce as they suggest that men may experience more difficulty than women in adjusting to a gender-diverse workforce, and that professional identity within traditionally male professions is more complex and nuanced than what was previously assumed.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
       
  • Safe Storage Policies and Practices for Firearms Issued to Law Enforcement
           Officers in Washington State
    • Abstract: Abstract Law enforcement officers play an important role in promoting the safe storage of firearms. However, the safe storage practices of law enforcement agencies and officers themselves are not well characterized. This study examined the issuance of locking devices and safe storage policies among law enforcement agencies in Washington State. This is an observational survey study of agency policies. One hundred and six agencies responded to a brief survey. Seventy-six percent of agencies reported issuing locking devices for agency-issued firearms, and 76% of agencies also reported offering training in safe storage of firearms. Half (52%) of agencies offered cable locks, 36% provided gun safes, and 31% of agencies provided more than one type of locking device. These findings suggest the need for expanding the routine issuance of locking devices among agencies in Washington State and enhancing the types of locking devices available to law enforcement officers.
      PubDate: 2020-06-27
       
  • Policing in the Eye of the Storm
    • Abstract: Abstract In the wake of Hurricane Harvey, a series of focus groups were held with local law enforcement agencies in Southeast Texas to discuss the implementation of their emergency plans and challenges faced. The area suffered up to 60 in. of rain and flooding within three days. Their comments became prophetic when Tropical Storm Imelda swept through the area two years later dumping 42 in. of rain within a similar time frame. The purpose of this study is to present the lessons learned from a law enforcement perspective. A thematic qualitative design was used to identify key factors. Focus groups with the major law enforcement and local governmental officials in the Golden Triangle area of Southeast Texas revealed that prior existing relationships with other government entities, nonprofit organizations, and private industry are essential to address the challenges of coordination and system barriers that occur in the initial stages of response in the eye of the storm.
      PubDate: 2020-06-26
       
  • Improving Professional Observers’ Veracity Judgements by Tactical
           Interviewing
    • Abstract: Abstract Understanding whether a person of interest is being truthful during an investigative interview is a constant challenge and is of concern to numerous criminal justice professionals, most of whom are not involved in conducting the interview itself. Here, we investigated police observers’ veracity detection performance having viewed interviews with truthtellers and deceivers using either the tactical use of evidence (TUE), strategic use of evidence (SUE) or a control technique. Thirty serving police officers participated as post-interview observers and each viewed 12 interviews in a counterbalanced order. After each interview, the officer made a veracity judgement. Overall, untrained police observers were significantly more accurate (68%) when making veracity judgements post-TUE interviews, whereas for both SUE and control performance was around chance (51% and 48%, respectively). Veracity performance for liars and truthtellers revealed a similar pattern of results (67% liars; 70% truthtellers) in the TUE condition. These results lend further support to the psychological literature highlighting the importance of how and when to reveal evidence or any other relevant event information during an investigative interview for ‘outing’ deceivers as well as allowing truthtellers early opportunities to demonstrate their innocence.
      PubDate: 2020-06-25
       
  • Patrolling the Borders: Experience with Multiple Out-Group Members is
           Associated with the Own-Ethnicity Effect
    • Abstract: Abstract The own-ethnicity effect (OEE) is a recognition deficit for faces of other ethnic groups compared to one’s own group. Thirty-two border patrol (i.e., police) officers at a major international airport expected to have high frequency contact with multiple other ethnic group faces were compared with 32 bank employees and 64 students. German participants viewed out-group faces of African Americans, Mexican Americans/Mexican Nationals, and Turkish faces and German (in-group) faces in a standard recognition and a delayed-matching task. Generally, performance was better as a function of self-reported daily job contact for both tasks. Patrol officers were better with Black faces, while students were better with German faces for the standard recognition task. Although an OEE was present for all groups, it was attenuated for border patrol officers. Job contact with multiple out-groups was associated with face processing. Errors in recognition and matching faces of other ethnic groups pose problems for security in an increasingly global society. Customs agencies and security organizations employing an ethnically diverse workforce along with perceptual training for recognizing and matching out-group members will be better prepared to meet the demands of international security.
      PubDate: 2020-06-22
       
  • Assessments in Forensic Practice: Book by K. Browne, A. Beech, L. Craig,
           & S. Chou
    • PubDate: 2020-06-01
       
  • Perceptions of Police Conduct When Race and Gender Are Considered
    • Abstract: Abstract With the recent media attention on police discretion and police discrimination, the current studies aimed to address whether people believe the race and gender of a person under suspicion influences police conduct. In study 1, participants (N = 137) read an incident summary where two individuals, who were described as being Black or White and male or female, were asked to leave a local coffee establishment; the police were called, and the individuals were arrested. Participants were more likely to believe the call to police and the arrest were justified when the individuals were White as opposed to Black. Study 2 was an extension of study 1 whereby the race of the individual calling the police also was varied between Black and White. Participants (N = 316) in study 2 also were more likely to believe the call to police and the arrest were justified when the individuals were White as opposed to Black. Additionally, participants were more likely to believe the call to the police was justified when the individual was male compared to female. Across both studies, participants also were asked to rate how much they believed race and gender influenced the call to the police and arrest; participants believed that both race and gender were influential in these decisions. The current studies provide new information regarding the public’s perception of police prejudice and suggest that people may be apt to consider the negative relationships between the police and minorities when considering a specific case. Further, the results suggest that the public does not support or agree with racially driven arrests and actually counteract any prejudice by making anti-stereotypical judgements.
      PubDate: 2020-06-01
       
  • Mediating the Peer Influence Effect with Facets of Criminal Thought
           Process and Content in a Group of Early Adolescents: Replication and
           Extension
    • Abstract: Abstract Prior research indicates that criminal thought content and criminal thought process mediate the peer influence effect (peer delinquency → participant delinquency). This study sought to model the temporal order of these two categories of antisocial cognition in mediating peer influence. Responses provided by 1,795 (847 male, 948 female) members of the Gang Resistance Education and Training study (mean age = 12.11 years) on measures of criminal thought content (negative attitude toward the police) and criminal thought process (proactive criminal thinking in the form of neutralizing techniques) were analyzed. Only the “content before process” model achieved significance, however. Thus, while peer associations may stimulate criminal thought content and criminal thought process, the effect on criminal thought content may be more proximal and the effect on criminal thought process may be mediated by criminal thought content.
      PubDate: 2020-06-01
       
  • Stalking Victimization: Examining the Impact of Police Action and Inaction
           on Victim-Reported Outcome
    • Abstract: Abstract Drawing data from a sample of stalking victims, this study assessed the impact of nine subsequent police actions, including police inaction, on victim-reported outcome of their stalking situation after the incident was reported to the police. The outcome variable has three response categories: the situation got worse, the situation stayed the same, and the situation got better. The author found three of the nine police actions were significantly related to the outcome variable. The author found that victims were more likely to report that their stalking situation improved when the responding officer took a report or warned the perpetrator. The author also found that police inaction increased the odds of victims reporting that their stalking situation worsened as well as the odds of victims reporting that their stalking situation improved. Implications of these findings are discussed.
      PubDate: 2020-06-01
       
  • Psychometric Properties of a Contextualized, Actuarially Informed
           
    • Abstract: Abstract Despite empirical evidence that personnel selection assessments may be more effective when they incorporate actuarial (standardized, evidence-based interpretation guidelines) and contextualized (job-specific item language) components, relevant research specific to law enforcement settings is extremely limited. The Matrix-Predictive Uniform Law Enforcement Selection Evaluation (M-PULSE) Inventory, an example of such an assessment, has experienced increased popularity as a valuable pre- and post-conditional law enforcement screener. Yet, relatively little is known about its psychometric properties beyond the normative sample. In the first peer-reviewed study to focus on the M-PULSE, we examined the instrument in a large (N = 1202) sample of officer candidates in the Western USA. Results supported the reliability, factor structure, and lack of gender or ethnic bias of the M-PULSE, and scores were generally uncorrelated with age and educational background. These results empirically support the M-PULSE as a psychometrically sound instrument for law enforcement selection, and more broadly, may espouse actuarial, contextualized assessment methods.
      PubDate: 2020-06-01
       
  • Personality Characteristics Associated with Different Criminal Typologies
           in a Sample of Spanish Inmates
    • Abstract: Abstract The objective of this research is to study the personality characteristics of a sample of men and women who are serving prison sentences in Spanish prisons, to determine their distinguishing characteristics, and to analyze whether the personality traits are related to the type of crime for which they are condemned. The sample is composed of 294 inmates (265 men and 29 women) (M = 41.20; SD = 10.51). The results indicate that the main crime for which they are imprison is for acts against property that involve violence or threat of violence against people (30.4%); to a lesser extent, acts that involve the use of psychoactive substances or other drugs (19.8%); acts that cause harm or that are intended to cause harm to people (17.9%); and acts that cause death or are intended to cause death (13.9%). Paranoia is the personality trait that most predicts criminal behaviors consisting of acts against people (homicide, injuries, and threats). Acts against property involving violence or threat against a person are more likely in people who have problems with alcohol and antisocial behavior. Finally, borderline personality traits are associated more with acts involving controlled psychoactive substances or other drugs.
      PubDate: 2020-06-01
       
  • The Quality of Forensic Child Interviewing in Child Sexual Abuse Cases in
           Indonesia
    • Abstract: Abstract Most of the foregoing research on child investigative interviewing has focused on interview practices in Western countries, thus potentially limiting the generalizability and application of the findings to improve interview practices in non-Western countries. The current studies are the first to examine police interviewing practices involving alleged child sexual abuse (CSA) victims in Indonesia which has marked cultural differences compared with Western countries. In Study 1, we presented Indonesian police child interviewers (N = 26) with a sexual abuse case vignette concerning a 7-year-old girl. Police interviewers were asked to write down the questions they would pose to the child. We categorized questions into four types: open-prompts, directives, option-posing, and suggestive. In Study 2, we examined Indonesian police files (N = 24) containing child sexual abuse interviews and also scored the type of questions used as per the first study. We compared our data with those obtained in Western countries. The consistent finding in both studies is that Indonesian police interviewers rarely used open-prompts, asked more directive and option-posing questions. Consistent with findings from Western countries, our studies provide indirect evidence that open-prompts may be infrequently used by forensic child interviewers in Indonesia.
      PubDate: 2020-06-01
       
  • Police Discretion in Rape Cases
    • Abstract: Abstract Although policing requires officers to follow policy guidelines when making decisions, these nevertheless leave room for discretion. We used a within-subjects experimental design and idiographic statistical analyses to examine the factors predicting 25 specialist police officers’ decisions to progress rape cases. We found little to no evidence of the influence of some factors (i.e., victim’s criminal history, victim-suspect relationship, time taken to report crime, victim’s prior reports of rape, victim’s alcohol/drug use during offense, and suspect’s previous convictions) on officers’ rape case progression decisions. However, 15 officers were less likely to progress cases involving victims who provided inconsistent accounts. Thus, some types of rape victims may not get access to the justice that they desire and deserve. Although officers also reported that consistency of the victim’s account was important to their decision-making, there was generally a lack of concordance between officers’ self-reported and applied decision-making policies. Thus, officers’ accounts of how they progressed a rape case may be unreliable and invalid.
      PubDate: 2020-06-01
       
  • Crime Linkage: Finding a Behavioral Fingerprint Using the “Path
           Similarity Metric”
    • Abstract: Abstract When a detective arrives at a crime scene, or investigates multiple cases, they are often tasked with understanding whether the crimes are linked. Knowing whether the same suspect(s) was involved across multiple crimes is a key part of the investigation. To date, there are numerous methods for crime linkage; however, very few take temporal sequences of events into account. It is known that modus operandi and signatures change over time, and therefore, linkage analyses should integrate these temporal changes. The current paper presents a new method of crime linkage, the Path Similarity Metric, which is based on sequence analysis procedures. The method is proposed, outlined, and tested in contrast to existing linkage analyses (e.g., Jaccard’s coefficient). The Path Similarity Metric outperforms Jaccard’s coefficient across a series of crimes. Future applications of the Path Similarity Metric are outlined, and directions for the use of the metric in ongoing investigations are considered alongside other linkage methods.
      PubDate: 2020-06-01
       
  • Intellectual Disability Affects Case Judgment Differently Depending on
           Juvenile Race
    • Abstract: Abstract This research investigated how juvenile race and ctual disability affect case judgment involving recanted confession. We recruited 151 participants to serve as mock jurors using a 2 (juvenile race: Black, White) × 2 (intellectual disability: disabled, nondisabled) between-subjects design. We found that participants rendered more guilty verdicts, had higher confidence in the defendants’ guilt, and estimated a higher probability of crime commission when the juvenile defendants were White instead of Black. Consistent with the “bend-over-backwards” effect and the expectancy-violation theory, participants judged the nondisabled White juvenile defendants harshly but the nondisabled Black juvenile defendants leniently. In addition, intellectual disability was a mitigating factor, but mostly for White juvenile defendants. Black juvenile defendants with intellectual disability were often judged more harshly than Black juvenile defendants without intellectual disability. Finally, juvenile race and intellectual disability interacted to affect the evaluation of confession evidence and case outcome. Overall, the current research extended our understanding of public perception of Black and White juvenile defendants with intellectual disability.
      PubDate: 2020-06-01
       
  • The Predictive Validity of Intimate Partner Violence Risk Assessments
           Conducted by Practitioners in Different Settings—a Review of the
           Literature
    • Abstract: Abstract Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a global health problem with severe consequences. One way to prevent repeat IPV is to identify the offender’s risk of recidivism by conducting a risk assessment and then implement interventions to reduce the risk. In order to be effective, accurate risk assessments and effective interventions are required. Practitioners in different settings are conducting IPV risk assessments, but the predictive validity of practitioners’ IPV assessments has not been studied via a comprehensive literature search. This is the overall aim of the present study. The literature search was conducted in five different databases and at three different publisher sites. The selection of studies was based on nine different inclusion and exclusion criteria. The number of studies that fulfilled the criteria was unexpectedly small (N = 11). One of the studies was conducted in a treatment setting, the others in criminal justice settings. The predictive accuracy for the global risk assessments ranged from low to medium. The role of treatment or other interventions to prevent repeat IPV had been analyzed in one way or another in eight of the studies. There is a knowledge gap, the reasons of which are discussed.
      PubDate: 2020-06-01
       
 
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