Publisher: Sage Publications   (Total: 1166 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 1166 Journals sorted alphabetically
AADE in Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Abstracts in Anthropology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
Academic Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Accounting History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.527, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Radiologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.754, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Radiologica Open     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Sociologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 0.939, CiteScore: 2)
Action Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 0.308, CiteScore: 1)
Active Learning in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 398, SJR: 1.397, CiteScore: 2)
Adaptive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.288, CiteScore: 1)
Administration & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Adoption & Fostering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.313, CiteScore: 0)
Adsorption Science & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.258, CiteScore: 1)
Adult Education Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 262, SJR: 0.566, CiteScore: 2)
Adult Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Advances in Dental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.791, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Developing Human Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Mechanical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 156, SJR: 0.272, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Methods and Practices in Psychological Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 51, SJR: 0.599, CiteScore: 1)
AERA Open     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Affilia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.496, CiteScore: 1)
Africa Spectrum     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Agrarian South : J. of Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Air, Soil & Water Research     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.214, CiteScore: 1)
Alexandria : The J. of National and Intl. Library and Information Issues     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 68)
Allergy & Rhinology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
AlterNative : An Intl. J. of Indigenous Peoples     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39, SJR: 0.194, CiteScore: 0)
Alternative Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.176, CiteScore: 0)
Alternatives : Global, Local, Political     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.351, CiteScore: 1)
Alternatives to Laboratory Animals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.297, CiteScore: 1)
American Behavioral Scientist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.982, CiteScore: 2)
American Economist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
American Educational Research J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 260, SJR: 2.913, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Cosmetic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
American J. of Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.646, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.807, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Hospice and Palliative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 0.65, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Law & Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.204, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Lifestyle Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.431, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Medical Quality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.777, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Men's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.595, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Rhinology and Allergy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.972, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Sports Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 249, SJR: 3.949, CiteScore: 6)
American Politics Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.313, CiteScore: 1)
American Review of Public Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 2.062, CiteScore: 2)
American Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 358, SJR: 6.333, CiteScore: 6)
American String Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Analytical Chemistry Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 1)
Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.849, CiteScore: 2)
Animation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.197, CiteScore: 0)
Annals of Clinical Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.634, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.807, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Pharmacotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 1.096, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52, SJR: 1.225, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of the ICRP     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
Anthropocene Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 3.341, CiteScore: 7)
Anthropological Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.739, CiteScore: 1)
Antitrust Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Antiviral Chemistry and Chemotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.635, CiteScore: 2)
Antyajaa : Indian J. of Women and Social Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Psychological Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.17, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.489, CiteScore: 2)
Armed Forces & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.29, CiteScore: 1)
Arthaniti : J. of Economic Theory and Practice     Full-text available via subscription  
Arts and Humanities in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Media Educator     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.23, CiteScore: 0)
Asia-Pacific J. of Management Research and Innovation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asia-Pacific J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.558, CiteScore: 1)
Asia-Pacific J. of Rural Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Asian and Pacific Migration J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.324, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Cardiovascular and Thoracic Annals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 0)
Asian J. of Comparative Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian J. of Legal Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Asian J. of Management Cases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
ASN Neuro     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.534, CiteScore: 3)
Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.519, CiteScore: 3)
Assessment for Effective Intervention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.578, CiteScore: 1)
Australasian J. of Early Childhood     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, CiteScore: 1)
Australasian Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.433, CiteScore: 1)
Australian & New Zealand J. of Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.801, CiteScore: 2)
Australian and New Zealand J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 547, SJR: 0.612, CiteScore: 1)
Australian J. of Career Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Australian J. of Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 1)
Australian J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.497, CiteScore: 1)
Autism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 358, SJR: 1.739, CiteScore: 4)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Avian Biology Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.401, CiteScore: 1)
Behavior Modification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.877, CiteScore: 2)
Behavioral and Cognitive Neuroscience Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Behavioral Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Beyond Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bible Translator     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Biblical Theology Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.184, CiteScore: 0)
Big Data & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 56)
Biochemistry Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Bioinformatics and Biology Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.141, CiteScore: 2)
Biological Research for Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.685, CiteScore: 2)
Biomarker Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.81, CiteScore: 2)
Biomarkers in Cancer     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Biomedical Engineering and Computational Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Biomedical Informatics Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Bioscope: South Asian Screen Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
BMS: Bulletin of Sociological Methodology/Bulletin de Méthodologie Sociologique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Body & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.531, CiteScore: 3)
Bone and Tissue Regeneration Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Brain and Neuroscience Advances     Open Access  
Brain Science Advances     Open Access  
Breast Cancer : Basic and Clinical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.823, CiteScore: 2)
British J. of Music Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
British J. of Occupational Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 254, SJR: 0.323, CiteScore: 1)
British J. of Pain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 2)
British J. of Politics and Intl. Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 0.91, CiteScore: 2)
British J. of Visual Impairment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.337, CiteScore: 1)
British J.ism Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
BRQ Business Review Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Building Acoustics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.215, CiteScore: 1)
Building Services Engineering Research & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Business & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Business and Professional Communication Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.348, CiteScore: 1)
Business Information Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.279, CiteScore: 0)
Business Perspectives and Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Cahiers Élisabéthains     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.111, CiteScore: 0)
Calcutta Statistical Association Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
California Management Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 2.209, CiteScore: 4)
Canadian Association of Radiologists J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.463, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian J. of Kidney Health and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.007, CiteScore: 2)
Canadian J. of Nursing Research (CJNR)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Canadian J. of Occupational Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 168, SJR: 0.626, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian J. of Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.769, CiteScore: 3)
Canadian J. of School Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.266, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian Pharmacists J. / Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Cancer Control     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cancer Growth and Metastasis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cancer Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.64, CiteScore: 1)
Capital and Class     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.282, CiteScore: 1)
Cardiac Cath Lab Director     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular and Thoracic Open     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Career Development and Transition for Exceptional Individuals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.44, CiteScore: 1)
Cartilage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.889, CiteScore: 3)
Cell Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.023, CiteScore: 3)
Cephalalgia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.581, CiteScore: 3)
Cephalalgia Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Child Language Teaching and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.501, CiteScore: 1)
Child Maltreatment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
Child Neurology Open     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Childhood     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.894, CiteScore: 2)
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
China Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.767, CiteScore: 2)
China Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.221, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Christian Education J. : Research on Educational Ministry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Chronic Illness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.672, CiteScore: 2)
Chronic Respiratory Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.808, CiteScore: 2)
Chronic Stress     Open Access  
Citizenship, Social and Economics Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.145, CiteScore: 0)
Cleft Palate-Craniofacial J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.757, CiteScore: 1)
Clin-Alert     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis     Open Access   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 1)
Clinical and Translational Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Case Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.364, CiteScore: 1)
Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.73, CiteScore: 2)
Clinical EEG and Neuroscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.552, CiteScore: 2)
Clinical Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.296, CiteScore: 1)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.537, CiteScore: 2)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Blood Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 2)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.686, CiteScore: 2)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.283, CiteScore: 1)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Circulatory, Respiratory and Pulmonary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.425, CiteScore: 2)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Ear, Nose and Throat     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Endocrinology and Diabetes     Open Access   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.63, CiteScore: 2)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.129, CiteScore: 3)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Reproductive Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.776, CiteScore: 0)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.172, CiteScore: 0)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Trauma and Intensive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Clinical Nursing Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.471, CiteScore: 1)
Clinical Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.487, CiteScore: 1)
Clinical Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 3.281, CiteScore: 5)
Clinical Rehabilitation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 78, SJR: 1.322, CiteScore: 3)
Clinical Risk     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.133, CiteScore: 0)
Clinical Trials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 2.399, CiteScore: 2)
Clothing and Textiles Research J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.36, CiteScore: 1)
Collections : A J. for Museum and Archives Professionals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Common Law World Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Communication & Sport     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.385, CiteScore: 1)
Communication and the Public     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Communication Disorders Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.458, CiteScore: 1)
Communication Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 2.171, CiteScore: 3)
Community College Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.451, CiteScore: 1)
Comparative Political Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 293, SJR: 3.772, CiteScore: 3)
Compensation & Benefits Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Competition & Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.843, CiteScore: 2)

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Allergy & Rhinology
Number of Followers: 5  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2152-6575 - ISSN (Online) 2152-6567
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1166 journals]
  • The Successful Vaccination of an IVIgG Naive CVID Patient with an mRNA
           COVID-19 Vaccine

    • Authors: Maaz Jalil, John M. Abraham, Robert Hostoffer
      Abstract: Allergy & Rhinology, Volume 12, Issue , January-December 2021.
      IntroductionDifferent subtypes of vaccines have been developed to help protect populations from COVID-19. Currently, three vaccines have been authorized by the United States Food and Drug Administration for emergency use to combat the COVID-19 pandemic. With COVID-19 vaccination rates increasing, it is important to know whether immunodeficient patients have the capacity to mount an immune response with the available vaccines.Case ReportA 78-year-old female with Common Variable Immunodeficiency and anti-IgA antibodies who is naïve to IVIgG treatment responded positively to a COVID-19 mRNA vaccine. Successful seroconversion was proved by having positive COVID-19 spike protein IgG antibodies weeks after the vaccination. Her recent IgG, IgA, and IgM levels were all significantly reduced. Previously, she had no response to the polysaccharide pneumococcal vaccine, but did maintain titers afterTdap vaccination.DiscussionImmunodeficient patients are a susceptible population during a pandemic. Unfortunately, there is a paucity of research on the infectivity, vaccination, and outcome of these patients during the COVID-19 outbreak. Our patient with CVID was able to respond to protein/toxoid vaccines, but did not respond to polysaccharide pneumococcal vaccine. After inoculation with an mRNA COVID-19 vaccine she was able to create COVID-19 spike protein IgG antibodies.ConclusionWe present a case of successful vaccination to COVID-19 by an mRNA vaccine in an IVIgG naïve CVID patient.
      Citation: Allergy & Rhinology
      PubDate: 2021-10-06T03:52:49Z
      DOI: 10.1177/21526567211049744
      Issue No: Vol. 12 (2021)
  • Qualitative Olfactory Disorders: Patient Experiences and Self-Management

    • Authors: Carl Philpott, Joanne Dixon, Duncan Boak
      Abstract: Allergy & Rhinology, Volume 12, Issue , January-December 2021.
      BackgroundQualitative olfactory disorders in the form of parosmia and phantosmia are very subjective and cannot be measured at present. They pose an unpleasant experience for patients and a therapeutic challenge for clinicians.ObjectiveThis study aimed to characterise the specific experiences of patients affected by the qualitative symptoms of parosmia and phantosmia including both triggers for symptoms and self-help measures they have tried.MethodsA cross-sectional survey questionnaire was developed with the input of patient experts within the charity Fifth Sense. The survey was then open online for 3 months to charity members complaining of qualitative symptoms. The survey captured the frequency and impact of symptoms and self-management undertaken. Reflective feedback was also captured from a patient workshop.ResultsThere were 100 participants; 61% female, age range 13-88. Common self-reported aetiology included sinonasal disease (17%), idiopathic (33%) and post-viral olfactory loss (26%) and post-traumatic olfactory loss (23%). Parosmia was reported as a daily symptom in 67% compared to 31% for phantosmia; 36% complained of suffering with both symptoms. Only 4% of respondents reported having received any successful treatment for their qualitative symptoms and 58% reported having received no treatment whatsoever. Olfactory training was the most common self-management method reported.ConclusionThis study illustrates that qualitative disturbances remain problematic for those who experience them due to the duration of symptoms, the relative lack of experience or knowledge amongst medical professionals and the lack of therapeutic options. In future, consideration needs to be given to adaptation and coping strategies to help patients deal with these symptoms.
      Citation: Allergy & Rhinology
      PubDate: 2021-09-23T05:46:43Z
      DOI: 10.1177/21526567211004251
      Issue No: Vol. 12 (2021)
  • Idiopathic Anaphylaxis: A Diagnosis of Exclusion

    • Authors: Anjeanette Mendez, Barry J. Pelz
      Abstract: Allergy & Rhinology, Volume 12, Issue , January-December 2021.
      We report the case of a 67-year-old female with hypertension and rheumatoid arthritis who had 5 unprovoked episodes of anaphylaxis in an 18-month period of time. We review idiopathic anaphylaxis, including its definition, diagnostic work-up, and differential diagnosis.
      Citation: Allergy & Rhinology
      PubDate: 2021-09-13T11:41:28Z
      DOI: 10.1177/21526567211041925
      Issue No: Vol. 12 (2021)
  • Minimally Invasive Endoscopic Sinus Surgery for Frontal Sinus Pathologies
           Using Interventional Flexible Bronchoscopy: Case Reports

    • Authors: Yann Litzistorf, François Gorostidi, Antoine Reinhard
      Abstract: Allergy & Rhinology, Volume 12, Issue , January-December 2021.
      Background: Lateral pathologies of the frontal sinus are difficult to visualize and treat with classical endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) using rigid endoscopes and instruments. Hence, they often require extended endoscopic or external approaches. Methods and Results: We describe the advantages of using interventional flexible bronchoscopy in frontal ESS without extended approaches in 2 illustrated cases: (1) A fungus ball in the frontal sinus with a frontoethmoidal cell. The flexible bronchoscope allowed treatment of all recesses of the frontal sinuses and the opening of a frontoethmoidal cell through a Draf IIa. (2) A revision surgery with a frontoethmoidal cell obstructing drainage pathway was successfully treated with this same technique. Patients did not experience complications or recurrent symptomatology after, respectively, 4 and 15 months of follow-up. Conclusion: Flexible bronchoscopy allows a good visualization and treatment of lateral frontal sinus pathologies through limited endoscopic approaches. Through-the-scope instruments permit the resection of frontoethmoidal cells.
      Citation: Allergy & Rhinology
      PubDate: 2021-09-06T06:15:01Z
      DOI: 10.1177/21526567211030889
      Issue No: Vol. 12 (2021)
  • Unusual Location of a Fungus Ball: The Concha Bullosa, a Review of the

    • Authors: Walid Bijou, Bushra Abdulhakeem, Karim Choukry, Youssef Oukessou, Sami Rouadi, Reda Abada, Mohammed Roubal, Mohammed Mahtar
      Abstract: Allergy & Rhinology, Volume 12, Issue , January-December 2021.
      IntroductionThe fungal balls of the paranasal sinuses are usually seen in the maxillary and sphenoid sinuses. Although, the lesion of the concha bullosa, without sinus participation, is very uncommon. We report the case of a fungal ball of concha bullosa in an 88-year-old patient.ObjectiveThe objective of our review of literature is to investigate the epidemiological, clinical, paraclinical, and therapeutic characteristics of patients diagnosed with fungus ball in concha bullosa.MethodsA case of a patient who was diagnosed with concha bullosa of a fungus ball is reported. Demographic data, clinical presentation, imaging, and treatments were recorded. Key images were obtained. A review of the literature was also performed.ResultsA total of 12 cases have been reported so far in the literature revealed by different symptoms. The mean age was 38.8 years and the gender ratio was ∼12 (female):1 (male). The endoscopic surgical approach was the most frequently used treatment and provides good outcomes. Neither postoperative complications nor recurrences were noted, however, there is insufficient follow-up data.ConclusionConcha bullosa fungal ball is a rare diagnosis that can be revealed by different symptoms. It should be considered in patients with and unexplained chronic facial pain. A preoperative computed tomography scan is an essential tool in making a diagnosis. Endoscopic surgery is the treatment of choice, with a low morbidity and recurrence rate.
      Citation: Allergy & Rhinology
      PubDate: 2021-08-23T03:28:31Z
      DOI: 10.1177/21526567211036146
      Issue No: Vol. 12 (2021)
  • Value of Hounsfield Units in the Evaluation of Isolated Sphenoid Sinus

    • Authors: Orhan Tunç, Alper Yazıcı, İsmail Aytaç, Koray Tümüklü, Melih Akşamoğlu
      Abstract: Allergy & Rhinology, Volume 12, Issue , January-December 2021.
      Radiologic findings of fungal sinus disease are generally opacification in paranasal computed tomography (CT) images. The Hounsfield unit (HU) is a standardized objective unit that is also suitable for measuring remodeling and opacifications on CT scans of bone sections of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis. We hypothesized that HU values could provide valuable information in isolated sphenoid sinus lesions before surgery. Between 2012 and 2019, 35 patients underwent functional endoscopic sinus surgery for sphenoid sinus lesions. Tissues obtained from the sphenoid sinus were divided into two groups, fungal and nonfungal, according to the findings of histopathologic examinations. HU values were measured in sphenoid sinus sections on paranasal CT scans of these two groups. Differences in mean and maximum HU values between the two groups were statistically significant (p 
      Citation: Allergy & Rhinology
      PubDate: 2021-08-23T03:27:53Z
      DOI: 10.1177/21526567211032560
      Issue No: Vol. 12 (2021)
  • How I Do It: Inferior Turbinectomy: Modified Techniques for Submucosal

    • Authors: Kazuhiro Omura, Kazuhiro Nomura, Teppei Takeda, Norihiro Yanagi, Hiroki Kuroyanagi, Taichi Yanagihara, Yasuhiro Tanaka, Hiromi Kojima, Nobuyoshi Otori
      Abstract: Allergy & Rhinology, Volume 12, Issue , January-December 2021.
      Although inferior turbinectomy with submucosal resection effectively reduces the volume of the inferior turbinate, there is room for improvement in surgical procedures. Techniques have been developed to reduce crusting and bleeding while efficiently achieving volume reduction. State-of-the-art procedures pertaining to the local injection site, incision line, exposure of the periosteum, submucosal outfracture of the turbinate bone, trimming of redundant mucosa, and incision line suturing are described. Pre and postoperative Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) scores and postoperative inferior turbinate bleeding and crusting were evaluated. For the 18 consecutive patients analyzed, the pre and postoperative NOSE scores were 67.8 ± 14.8 and 16.1 ± 13.0, respectively (P = .0002). Postoperatively, bleeding was absent, and only minor suture thread crusting was observed in 13 patients. In conclusion, our novel technique improves the effectiveness of surgery as well as the postoperative quality of the inferior turbinate.
      Citation: Allergy & Rhinology
      PubDate: 2021-08-09T01:25:20Z
      DOI: 10.1177/21526567211034736
      Issue No: Vol. 12 (2021)
  • Diagnosis of Anosmia and Hyposmia: A Systematic Review

    • Authors: Abdul K. Saltagi, Mohamad Z. Saltagi, Amit K. Nag, Arthur W. Wu, Thomas S. Higgins, Anna Knisely, Jonathan Y. Ting, Elisa A. Illing
      Abstract: Allergy & Rhinology, Volume 12, Issue , January-December 2021.
      BackgroundAnosmia and hyposmia have many etiologies, including trauma, chronic sinusitis, neoplasms, and respiratory viral infections such as rhinovirus and SARS-CoV-2. We aimed to systematically review the literature on the diagnostic evaluation of anosmia/hyposmia.MethodsPubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases were searched for articles published since January 1990 using terms combined with Medical Subject Headings (MeSH). We included articles evaluating diagnostic modalities for anosmia, written in the English language, used original data, and had two or more patients.ResultsA total of 2065 unique titles were returned upon the initial search. Of these, 226 abstracts were examined, yielding 27 full-text articles meeting inclusion criteria (Level of evidence ranging from 1 to 4; most level 2). The studies included a total of 13,577 patients. The most utilized diagnostic tools were orthonasal smell tests (such as the Sniffin’ Sticks and the UPSIT, along with validated abridged smell tests). Though various imaging modalities (including MRI and CT) were frequently mentioned in the workup of olfactory dysfunction, routine imaging was not used to primarily diagnose smell loss.ConclusionThe literature includes several studies on validity and reliability for various smell tests in diagnosing anosmia. Along with a thorough history and physical, validated orthonasal smell tests should be part of the workup of the patient with suspected olfactory dysfunction. The most widely studied modality was MRI, but criteria for the timing and sequence of imaging modalities was heterogenous.
      Citation: Allergy & Rhinology
      PubDate: 2021-07-06T04:22:19Z
      DOI: 10.1177/21526567211026568
      Issue No: Vol. 12 (2021)
  • Two Cases of Well Controlled Chronic Spontaneous Urticaria Triggered by
           the Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine

    • Authors: Cylie Alflen, Katheryn Birch, Ryan Shilian, Shan Shan Wu, Robert Hostoffer
      Abstract: Allergy & Rhinology, Volume 12, Issue , January-December 2021.
      Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU, chronic idiopathic urticaria) is a clinical diagnosis characterized by recurrent urticaria of unknown origin, with or without angioedema, that occurs for six weeks or longer. Management of CSU includes a second-generation H1 antihistamine and/or elimination of exacerbating factors. If initial treatment is unsuccessful, trials of first generation H1 antihistamine, H2 blocking antihistamine, leukotriene-receptor antagonist, anti-inflammatory or immunosuppressive agents may be administered. Exacerbating factors include stress, environmental conditions, medications, physical stimuli, and infections. We report the first two cases of a COVID-19 vaccine triggered relapse of CSU that was previously well controlled on therapy.
      Citation: Allergy & Rhinology
      PubDate: 2021-06-25T04:42:51Z
      DOI: 10.1177/21526567211026271
      Issue No: Vol. 12 (2021)
  • COVID-19 Recurrence Without Seroconversion in a Patient With
           Mannose-Binding Lectin Deficiency

    • Authors: Breanne Hayes, Jonathan Stanley, Brian P. Peppers
      Abstract: Allergy & Rhinology, Volume 12, Issue , January-December 2021.
      IntroductionThe SARS-CoV-2 virus has infected more than 63,000,000 people worldwide after emerging from Wuhan, China in December 2019. This outbreak was declared a Public Health Emergency in January 2020, and a pandemic in March. While rare, reinfection with the virus has been reported on multiple occasions.Case PresentationWe present a case report of an individual with mannose binding lectin deficiency who tested positive on two separate occasions, months apart, and did not develop IgG antibodies to SARS-CoV-2. This patient Is a 30- year-old female healthcare worker with a past medical history of ITP, pancreatitis, GERD, anxiety and recurrent pneumonia. She presented in March 2020 with fever, nasal congestion, and dry cough. She was diagnosed with COVID-19 in March 2020, via PCR through employee health. She was treated with a course azithromycin and hydroxychloroquine. Symptoms resolved, however in June 2020, SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibodies were negative. Seven months later in October, she once again developed symptoms which were milder. She was found to have a decreased level of mannose binding lectin, normal immunoglobulin levels, and normal streptococcus pneumonia IgG antibodies. On immune work-up after recovery, she was found to have a decreased level of mannose binding lectin (
      Citation: Allergy & Rhinology
      PubDate: 2021-06-11T04:42:42Z
      DOI: 10.1177/21526567211024140
      Issue No: Vol. 12 (2021)
  • Geriatric Sinus Surgery: A Review of Demographic Variables, Surgical
           Success and Complications in Elderly Surgical Patients

    • Authors: Samuel N. Helman, Daniel Carlton, Brian Deutsch, Robert Choake, Varun Patel, Satish Govindaraj, Alfred M. C. Iloreta, Anthony Del Signore
      Abstract: Allergy & Rhinology, Volume 12, Issue , January-December 2021.
      ObjectiveDemonstrate feasibility, safety and outcome metrics of geriatric sinus surgery (GESS).Study DesignRetrospective review of patients undergoing sinus surgery for indication of chronic rhinosinusitis with and without nasal polyposis.SettingTertiary referral center.ParticipantsPatients who underwent FESS from 2008–2017; excluding skull base, craniofacial, or oncologic surgery. Primary study group were patients aged 65 years and older. Patients aged 40–64 years of age were included for comparison.Main Outcomes and Measures: Multivariate analysis was performed to identify independently associated patient characteristics and perioperative variables. Preoperative medical and treatment history, revision and primary surgery, preoperative and post-operative SNOT-22 and NOSE scores, Lund-McKay scores were recorded when available. Post-operative data was assessed at a minimum of two months after the index procedure. Post-operative complications were included.ResultsNinety-one (91) patients met criteria. 21.2% of the geriatric patients were taking systemic anticoagulation prior to surgery, and underwent treatment with nasal steroids (25.0%), oral antibiotics (67.7%), nasal irrigations (48.4%), and systemic steroids (37.5%) over an average of 7.3 months prior to surgery. There was an average post-operative reduction of 15.0 points (p 
      Citation: Allergy & Rhinology
      PubDate: 2021-06-04T02:41:26Z
      DOI: 10.1177/21526567211010736
      Issue No: Vol. 12 (2021)
  • Otolaryngologists Practice Pattern on Oral Allergy Syndrome

    • Authors: Yunjia Zhang; MD, Haidy Marzouk, MD
      Abstract: Allergy & Rhinology, Volume 12, Issue , January-December 2021.
      BackgroundOral allergy syndrome is a unique type of food allergy caused by cross-sensitivity between inhalant allergens and food allergens. Despite its significant prevalence and potentially serious outcome, the knowledge base and practice patterns on OAS are not well known among otolaryngologists. Our study is designed to understand the practice patterns of otolaryngologists in screening, testing, and treating OAS through a web-based survey.MethodsThree thousand otolaryngologists were randomly selected from a membership list of the American Academy of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery. A survey was designed to include demographic questions and questions about OAS understanding, screening, and management. Surveys were sent to selected otolaryngologists via mail. Responses were de-identified and analyzed using SPSS.ResultsOut of the 50 survey responses, 46 reported treating environmental allergy in their practices. Twenty eight out of 46 reported knowing about OAS (60.9%). Fifteen out of the 28 physicians screened for OAS (53.6%). Out of the responders who knew about OAS, 12 (42.9%) reported diagnosing under 5 cases in the past year, 7 (25%) diagnosed 5 to 10 cases, and 7 (25%) reported diagnosed more than 10 cases in the past year. Eleven (39.3%) reported ordering component allergy testing for food allergies. Twenty six (92.9%) reported using avoidance, 18 (64.3%) prescribed oral antihistamine medications, 14 (50%) prescribed epi-pen, and 19 (67.9%) desensitized patients to environmental allergies as a treatment for OAS. 26 (93%) reported using more than one of the listed treatments. 10 (36%) reported using all four methods.ConclusionOnly 60.9% of the responders had a knowledge of OAS. Only 53.6% of those screened for OAS. Current treatment for OAS includes avoidance of allergens, desensitization of environmental allergens, prescription of oral antihistamine and epi-pen. Nearly everyone (93%) reported using more than one treatment method.
      Citation: Allergy & Rhinology
      PubDate: 2021-05-28T12:03:30Z
      DOI: 10.1177/21526567211021305
      Issue No: Vol. 12 (2021)
  • Jackfruit Anaphylaxis in a Latex Allergic Non-Healthcare Worker

    • Authors: Maaz Jalil, Robert Hostoffer, Shan Shan Wu
      Abstract: Allergy & Rhinology, Volume 12, Issue , January-December 2021.
      IntroductionAnaphylaxis to jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus) is rare. Two previously reported cases have been published in two healthcare workers from jackfruit endemic regions. Latex allergy and birch pollen cross reactivity have both been associated with jackfruit anaphylaxis, providing two separate mechanisms of sensitization. We present a case of jackfruit anaphylaxis in a young latex allergic non-healthcare worker in a non-endemic region.Case ReportA 21-year-old male had an anaphylactic reaction immediately after ingesting dried jackfruit. He had a history of allergic rhinitis and latex allergy. He was born premature and required neonatal intensive care and multiple surgeries in infancy, which could possibly be the source of his latex sensitization. Skin prick testing was positive for jackfruit and latex.DiscussionJackfruit anaphylaxis has only been described in conjunction with a latex allergy or a birch pollen allergy. As jackfruit becomes more available across the world, it is important for physicians and patients with these sensitivities to be aware of these possible cross reactions. Fruit sensitivities in latex allergic patients have been well established as Latex-fruit syndrome. Our case highlights the association of latex sensitization and jackfruit anaphylaxis.ConclusionWe present a case of Jackfruit anaphylaxis associated with latex allergy in a non-healthcare worker from Midwestern United States. As jackfruit becomes more popular in non-endemic regions, its possible cross reactivity with latex, as well as birch pollen should be recognized.
      Citation: Allergy & Rhinology
      PubDate: 2021-05-27T03:18:20Z
      DOI: 10.1177/21526567211009195
      Issue No: Vol. 12 (2021)
  • Factors Affecting the Control of Chronic Rhinosinusitis With Nasal Polyps:
           A Comparison in Patients With or Without NERD

    • Authors: Markus Jukka Lilja, Anni Koskinen, Paula Virkkula, Seija Inkeri Vento, Jyri Myller, Sari Hammarén-Malmi, Anu Laulajainen-Hongisto, Maija Hytönen, Antti Mäkitie, Jura Numminen, Saara Sillanpää, Hannu Raitiola, Markus Rautiainen, Sanna Katriina Toppila-Salmi
      Abstract: Allergy & Rhinology, Volume 12, Issue , January-December 2021.
      ObjectivesThe aim was to compare the control of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) after endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS), in patients with/without nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug exacerbated respiratory disease (NERD).Study Desing: A retrospective hospital-based sample of CRSwNP patients with/without NERD with follow-up.SettingTertiary rhinology centers.MethodsElectronic patient record data from 116 CRSwNP patients (46 with NERD and 70 without NERD) undergoing ESS during 2001–17 were studied. Mean follow-up time was 9.9 years (range 1.1–15.3). Endpoints reflecting uncontrolled CRSwNP were revision ESS, and need for rescue/advanced therapy (e.g. antibiotics, oral corticosteroids and/or biological therapy) during follow-up. NERD was variable of interest and gender, age, asthma, allergic rhinitis (AR), smoking, Lund-Mackay (LM) score of sinus computed tomography scans previous ESS and baseline total ethmoidectomy were used as covariates.ResultsTwenty-one (49.7%) NERD patients and 18 (25.7%) non-NERD patients underwent revision ESS within a mean ± SD of 4.3 ± 2.8 and 3.7 ± 2.6 years, respectively (p = .013, by Logrank test). In Cox´s regression models, NERD, female gender, young age, asthma, AR, previous ESS, and lack of total ethmoidectomy were associated with revision-ESS. In adjusted model, only the total ethmoidectomy predicted revision-free survival. In adjusted logistic regression model, there was an insignificant trend that NERD and LM score were associated with the need for rescue/advanced therapy in the follow-up.ConclusionsPatients with NERD had higher risk of uncontrolled CRSwNP than patient group without NERD, as measured by revision ESS and/or need for rescue/advanced therapy in the follow-up. In addition, baseline total ethmoidectomy was associated with revision-free survival.
      Citation: Allergy & Rhinology
      PubDate: 2021-04-26T08:54:49Z
      DOI: 10.1177/21526567211003844
      Issue No: Vol. 12 (2021)
  • Community Response to the Impact of Thunderstorm Asthma Using Smart

    • Authors: Ala AlQuran, Mehak Batra, Nugroho Harry Susanto, Anne E. Holland, Janet M. Davies, Bircan Erbas, Edwin R. Lampugnani
      Abstract: Allergy & Rhinology, Volume 12, Issue , January-December 2021.
      BackgroundThe most severe thunderstorm asthma (TA) event occurred in Melbourne on the 21st November 2016 and during this period, daily pollen information was available and accessible on smart devices via an App. An integrated survey within the App allows users to self-report symptoms.ObjectiveTo explore patterns of symptom survey results during the period when the TA event occurred.MethodsSymptom data from the Melbourne Pollen Count and Forecast App related to asthma history, hay fever symptoms, and medication use was explored. A one-week control period before and after the event was considered. Chi-square tests and logistic regression were used to assess associations between sex, age, symptoms, and medication use.ResultsOf the 28,655 responses, during the 2016 pollen season, younger (18 to 40 years) males, with no hay fever and no asthma were the most single and regular responders. During the TA event for new users, sex was only significantly associated with hay fever (p = 0.008) of which 60.2% of females’ responses reported having hay fever, while 43% of males’ responses did not. Those with mild symptoms peaked during the TA event.ConclusionsMany individuals completed the survey on the app for the first time during the TA event indicating the potential of digital technologies to be used as indicators of health risk among populations at risk of TA events.
      Citation: Allergy & Rhinology
      PubDate: 2021-04-26T08:54:01Z
      DOI: 10.1177/21526567211010728
      Issue No: Vol. 12 (2021)
  • Endoscopic Reconstruction of Skull Base Defects Using Tutoplast

    • Authors: Ghassan Alokby, Kholoud Mohammed AlAmari, Jamal Mohammed S. Abdullah, Mohammed Tayed Hazazi, Fawaz Makki
      Abstract: Allergy & Rhinology, Volume 12, Issue , January-December 2021.
      BackgroundVarious graft materials that are classified as autografts, xenografts, and allografts based on their origin have been used to endoscopically repair skull base defects. Tutoplast® (Tutogen Medical GmbH), an allogeneic natural collagen matrix, is processed through chemical sterilization that preserves tissue biocompatibility and structural integrity.ObjectiveTo study the safety and efficacy of Tutoplast Fascia Lata and Tutoplast Temporalis Fascia® as primary graft materials in the endoscopic reconstruction of skull base defects of different sizes and etiologies and to compare the outcomes with those of other traditional graft materials based on our experience.MethodsThis is a multi-center retrospective chart review of patients who underwent cerebrospinal fluid leak (CSF) endoscopic reconstruction with Tutoplast Fascia Lata or Tutoplast Temporalis Fascia as either a stand-alone reconstruction material or a part of a multilayer reconstruction depending on the defect at Prince Sultan Military Medical City and King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, between 2017 and 2020. Our inclusion criteria were CSF leak repair with Tutoplast and a transnasal endoscopic approach. We reviewed demographic data, intraoperative and postoperative complications, repair materials, repair failure, defect size and location.ResultsTutoplast® was used as the primary graft material in 33 cases. Our main outcome was repair success with lack of post operative CSF leak, observed in 30 cases (90.9%). There was no significant association between postoperative CSF leaks and factors including different defect sizes, defect sites, demographic data, hospitalization duration, or postoperative radiation in oncological cases.ConclusionTutoplast alone or in combination with other materials can be used safely and effectively for skull base defects repair.
      Citation: Allergy & Rhinology
      PubDate: 2021-04-09T08:30:36Z
      DOI: 10.1177/21526567211009200
      Issue No: Vol. 12 (2021)
  • Neurological Complications of Acute Rhinosinusitis: Meningitis

    • Authors: Stephen Bennett, Sheneen Meghji, Farahnaz Syeda, Nazir Bhat
      Abstract: Allergy & Rhinology, Volume 12, Issue , January-December 2021.
      Meningitis remains a rare but potentially life-threatening intracranial complication of acute rhinosinusitis.We describe a case of a 62-year-old man with a background of chronic rhinosinusitis who presented to hospital with confusion, fever and bilateral green purulent rhinorrhoea. After immediate sepsis management, urgent contrast-enhanced computed tomography head revealed opacification of all paranasal sinuses and bony erosion of the lateral walls of both ethmoid sinuses. He was treated with intravenous antibiotics, topical nasal steroids, decongestants and irrigation. Following a turbid lumbar puncture and multidisciplinary discussion, he was admitted to the critical care unit and later intubated due to further neurological deterioration. After 13 days admission and rehabilitation in the community he made a good recovery.This case highlights the importance of timely diagnosis and appropriate management of acute rhinosinusitis and awareness of the possible complications. Joint care with physicians and intensivists is crucial in the management of these sick patients.
      Citation: Allergy & Rhinology
      PubDate: 2021-02-25T04:09:04Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2152656721996258
      Issue No: Vol. 12 (2021)
  • Investigation of Normative Value of Commercialized Taiwan Smell
           Identification Test

    • Authors: Ching-Hung Hsieh, Philip G. Chen, Bing Zhou, Li-Jung Lin, Jen-Tsung Lai, Ping-Hung Shen
      Abstract: Allergy & Rhinology, Volume 12, Issue , January-December 2021.
      BackgroundThe Taiwan Smell Identification Test (TWSIT) was developed and successfully administered in Taiwanese population since 2015. However, for sanitation reason, the original liquid-jar form of this test is not appropriate. The commercialized TWSIT was then re-designed as “scratch-and-sniff” version: the TIBSIT (Top International Biotech, Taipei, Taiwan). This project aims to investigate the normative value of TIBSIT in different age groups and genders.MethodsVolunteers aged 20 to 80 with no subjective smell loss were recruited in a rhinology clinic. The participants were given full instructions on using the TIBSIT.ResultsTwo hundred and nine healthy subjects (female: male =107: 102) were enrolled into this study. The median TIBSIT score in female and male subjects is 47 and 46, respectively. Subjects were further divided into three age groups: (A) 20∼34 years (n = 77), (B) 35∼54 years (n = 77), and (C) 55∼80 years (n = 55). The TIBSIT scores at the tenth percentile value at each age group of male patients are 43, 42 and 37; while the scores at the tenth percentile value at each age group of female patients are 42, 42 and 41. TIBSIT score was significantly and inversely correlated with age (Spearman rho = − 0.20, p = 0.004.).ConclusionWe established the normative values of the new TIBSIT in different age groups in Taiwan. Future nation-wide screening is needed for more sophisticated norms establishment.
      Citation: Allergy & Rhinology
      PubDate: 2021-02-16T03:15:55Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2152656721991525
      Issue No: Vol. 12 (2021)
  • IFT46 Expression in the Nasal Mucosa of Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia
           Patients: Preliminary Study

    • Authors: Manuel Mata, Javier Zurriaga, Lara Milian, Ana Reula, Miguel Armengot, Amparo Ruiz-Sauri, Carmen Carda
      Abstract: Allergy & Rhinology, Volume 12, Issue , January-December 2021.
      BackgroundPrimary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is characterised by an imbalance in mucociliary clearance leading to chronic respiratory infections. Cilia length is considered to be a contributing factor in cilia movement. Recently, IFT46 protein has been related to cilia length. Therefore, this work aims to study IFT46 expression in a PCD patients cohort and analyse its relationship with cilia length and function, as it was not previously described.Materials and methodsThe expression of one intraflagellar transport (IFT46) and two regulating ciliary architecture (FOXJ1 and DNAI2) genes, as well as cilia length of 27 PCD patients, were measured. PCD patients were diagnosed based on clinical data, and cilia function and ultrastructure. Gene expression was estimated by real-time RT-PCR and cilia length by electron microscopy in nasal epithelium biopsies.Results and conclusions: While IFT46 expression was only diminished in patients with short cilia, FOXJ1, and DNAI2 expression were reduced in all PCD patient groups compared to controls levels. Among the PCD patients, cilia were short in 44% (5.9 ± 0.70 µm); nine of these (33% from the total) patients’ cilia also had an abnormal ultrastructure. Cilia length was normal in 33% of patients (6.4 ± 0.39 µm), and only three patients’ biopsies indicated decreased expression of dynein.
      Citation: Allergy & Rhinology
      PubDate: 2021-02-12T05:19:30Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2152656721989288
      Issue No: Vol. 12 (2021)
  • Sinus Surgery: Analysis of Videos Available Online

    • Authors: Arthur Uyesugi, Shannon Moldowan, Keighly Bradbrook, Theodore Schuman
      Abstract: Allergy & Rhinology, Volume 12, Issue , January-December 2021.
      ObjectivesYouTube is the second most visited website in the world and can be a useful resource for patients to gain insight into surgical procedures. A multitude of studies have evaluated the quality of otolaryngology-specific healthcare information available on the YouTube platform, but to our knowledge, the online content regarding functional endoscopic sinus surgery available on this site has not been systematically evaluated.Study DesignCross sectional study.SettingOnline.MethodsYouTube was searched using the keywords “sinus surgery.” Variables including video length, total number of views, authorship (academic, private practice physician, patient, or third party), objective (advertisement, informative, or patient perspective), inclusion of intra-operative footage, and discussion of balloon sinuplasty were recorded and analyzed by a single reviewer.ResultsTwo-hundred twenty-two videos met inclusion criteria, with a median length of 4 minutes, and a median of 3349 views. The majority of videos were informative (n = 145, 65%), narrated (n = 151, 68%), and did not mention balloon sinuplasty (n = 189, 85%) nor contain intra-operative footage (n = 116, 52%). Private practice physicians were the most common authors (n = 113, 51%), followed by patients (n = 70, 32%), third parties (n = 28, 13%) and academics (n = 11, 5%).ConclusionsSinus surgery is one of the most common ambulatory procedures performed. Online resources such as YouTube can be useful for improving health literacy and patient comfort with medical topics such as functional endoscopic sinus surgery, but it is important for clinicians and patients to understand that there is a spectrum in the authorship, content, and quality of sinus surgery related videos posted online.
      Citation: Allergy & Rhinology
      PubDate: 2021-02-11T07:32:58Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2152656721993420
      Issue No: Vol. 12 (2021)
  • Cholesterol Granuloma of the Maxillary Sinus—A Case Report and
           Literature Review

    • Authors: Abdulrahman Alghulikah, Norah Musallam, Ibrahim Sumaily, Amany Fathaddin, Surayie Aldossary
      Abstract: Allergy & Rhinology, Volume 12, Issue , January-December 2021.
      Cholesterol Granulomas of the Maxillary Sinus, considered an unusual presentation at this anatomical site. Over last 2 decades, only few cases are reported in the literature (English) and no available comprehensive reviews or studies on this entity. Herein in this article we present a comprehensive literature review of the available reports of 16 cases along with reporting a new case which we managed, aided with its histopathological pictures. This review article can be a reference for practitioners in the field of otorhinolaryngology who may encounter these cases. Also, it attracts the attention to consider this pathology among the differential diagnoses of nasal masses. Moreover, including a described pathological imaging may help young pathologist to identify this pathology.
      Citation: Allergy & Rhinology
      PubDate: 2021-01-29T09:27:58Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2152656720984785
      Issue No: Vol. 12 (2021)
  • The Prevalence of Odontogenic Pathology in Patients With Bilateral

    • Authors: Yuma Matsumoto, Hidenori Yokoi, Tetsuya Ikeda, Michitsugu Kawada, Koichiro Saito
      Abstract: Allergy & Rhinology, Volume 12, Issue , January-December 2021.
      ObjectiveWe investigated cases with opacification on maxillary sinus computed tomography (CT) among patients with rhinosinusitis with opacification in both paranasal sinuses (bilateral rhinosinusitis) to confirm the involvement of odontogenic infections.MethodsThis study included 75 patients who were diagnosed with bilateral rhinosinusitis based on clinical examination and evident opacification on at least one side on maxillary sinus imaging with computed tomography CT. The definition of odontogenic sinusitis was determined by examining EPT and oral findings, in addition to the CT and orthopantomography (OP), by one oral surgeon and two otolaryngologists.ResultsWe found that 45.3% of patients had odontogenic infections, which were associated with multiple infected teeth in some cases. Odontogenic infection was observed in both sinuses in some patients. Sinusitis with polyps was frequently associated with dental infection, and some cases were also associated with mycosis. Almost no oral symptoms were observed.ConclusionsThe results suggest that clinicians should consider odontogenic infection in patients with bilateral rhinosinusitis with opacification, on at least one side on maxillary sinus imaging. This means that accurate diagnosis may be challenging for otolaryngologist or dentists alone, suggesting that a collaboration between the two would be suitable for this task.
      Citation: Allergy & Rhinology
      PubDate: 2021-01-29T09:26:18Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2152656721989287
      Issue No: Vol. 12 (2021)
  • Evaluation of In-Office Cryoablation of Posterior Nasal Nerves for the
           Treatment of Rhinitis

    • Authors: John A. Gerka Stuyt, Lauren Luk, David Keschner, Rohit Garg
      Abstract: Allergy & Rhinology, Volume 12, Issue , January-December 2021.
      BackgroundChronic rhinitis is a common condition generally treated with medical therapies. However, 10–22% of patients are refractory to medical therapies. A cryotherapy handheld device targeting the postganglionic nerve fibers of the posterior nasal nerve (PNN) now serves as an additional option for therapy. This study evaluates the efficacy of the cryosurgical ablation device of the PNN in the clinic setting.MethodsThis was a prospective single-arm trial of 24 adult patients at seven locations within a large health maintenance organization. Patients with chronic rhinitis that failed medical therapy were offered an in-office cryoablation of PNN. Patients completed the Total Nasal Symptom Score (TNSS) questionnaire consisting of 5 items reported based on the previous 12 hours and 2 weeks at the following time points: pre-treatment, 30 days, 90 days and 1 year post-treatment.ResultsFollowing cryoablation of the PNN, the TNSS 12-hour symptom score improved from 6.92 (±2.9) to 3.17 (±2.4, P 
      Citation: Allergy & Rhinology
      PubDate: 2021-01-29T09:24:59Z
      DOI: 10.1177/2152656720988565
      Issue No: Vol. 12 (2021)
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