Publisher: Sage Publications   (Total: 1166 journals)

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Showing 1 - 200 of 1166 Journals sorted alphabetically
AADE in Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Abstracts in Anthropology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
Academic Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Accounting History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.527, CiteScore: 1)
Acta Radiologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.754, CiteScore: 2)
Acta Radiologica Open     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Sociologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 0.939, CiteScore: 2)
Action Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53, SJR: 0.308, CiteScore: 1)
Active Learning in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 396, SJR: 1.397, CiteScore: 2)
Adaptive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.288, CiteScore: 1)
Administration & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.675, CiteScore: 1)
Adoption & Fostering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.313, CiteScore: 0)
Adsorption Science & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.258, CiteScore: 1)
Adult Education Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 258, SJR: 0.566, CiteScore: 2)
Adult Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Advances in Dental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.791, CiteScore: 4)
Advances in Developing Human Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.614, CiteScore: 2)
Advances in Mechanical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 156, SJR: 0.272, CiteScore: 1)
Advances in Methods and Practices in Psychological Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 51, SJR: 0.599, CiteScore: 1)
AERA Open     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Affilia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.496, CiteScore: 1)
Africa Spectrum     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Agrarian South : J. of Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Air, Soil & Water Research     Open Access   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.214, CiteScore: 1)
Alexandria : The J. of National and Intl. Library and Information Issues     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 68)
Allergy & Rhinology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
AlterNative : An Intl. J. of Indigenous Peoples     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39, SJR: 0.194, CiteScore: 0)
Alternative Law J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.176, CiteScore: 0)
Alternatives : Global, Local, Political     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.351, CiteScore: 1)
Alternatives to Laboratory Animals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.297, CiteScore: 1)
American Behavioral Scientist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.982, CiteScore: 2)
American Economist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
American Educational Research J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 259, SJR: 2.913, CiteScore: 3)
American J. of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23, SJR: 0.67, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Cosmetic Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
American J. of Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.646, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35, SJR: 0.807, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Hospice and Palliative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47, SJR: 0.65, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Law & Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.204, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Lifestyle Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.431, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Medical Quality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.777, CiteScore: 1)
American J. of Men's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.595, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Rhinology and Allergy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.972, CiteScore: 2)
American J. of Sports Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 249, SJR: 3.949, CiteScore: 6)
American Politics Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36, SJR: 1.313, CiteScore: 1)
American Review of Public Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 2.062, CiteScore: 2)
American Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 356, SJR: 6.333, CiteScore: 6)
American String Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Analytical Chemistry Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 26, SJR: 0.224, CiteScore: 1)
Angiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.849, CiteScore: 2)
Animation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.197, CiteScore: 0)
Annals of Clinical Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.634, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20, SJR: 0.807, CiteScore: 1)
Annals of Pharmacotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59, SJR: 1.096, CiteScore: 2)
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 1.225, CiteScore: 3)
Annals of the ICRP     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.548, CiteScore: 1)
Anthropocene Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 3.341, CiteScore: 7)
Anthropological Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48, SJR: 0.739, CiteScore: 1)
Antitrust Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Antiviral Chemistry and Chemotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.635, CiteScore: 2)
Antyajaa : Indian J. of Women and Social Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.131, CiteScore: 0)
Applied Psychological Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21, SJR: 1.17, CiteScore: 1)
Applied Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27, SJR: 0.489, CiteScore: 2)
Armed Forces & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.29, CiteScore: 1)
Arthaniti : J. of Economic Theory and Practice     Full-text available via subscription  
Arts and Humanities in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 1)
Asia Pacific Media Educator     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.23, CiteScore: 0)
Asia-Pacific J. of Management Research and Innovation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asia-Pacific J. of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.558, CiteScore: 1)
Asia-Pacific J. of Rural Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Asian and Pacific Migration J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.324, CiteScore: 1)
Asian Cardiovascular and Thoracic Annals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.305, CiteScore: 0)
Asian J. of Comparative Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian J. of Legal Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Asian J. of Management Cases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.101, CiteScore: 0)
ASN Neuro     Open Access   (Followers: 2, SJR: 1.534, CiteScore: 3)
Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 1.519, CiteScore: 3)
Assessment for Effective Intervention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.578, CiteScore: 1)
Australasian J. of Early Childhood     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.535, CiteScore: 1)
Australasian Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18, SJR: 0.433, CiteScore: 1)
Australian & New Zealand J. of Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30, SJR: 1.801, CiteScore: 2)
Australian and New Zealand J. of Criminology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 546, SJR: 0.612, CiteScore: 1)
Australian J. of Career Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Australian J. of Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51, SJR: 0.403, CiteScore: 1)
Australian J. of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.497, CiteScore: 1)
Autism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 355, SJR: 1.739, CiteScore: 4)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Avian Biology Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.401, CiteScore: 1)
Behavior Modification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.877, CiteScore: 2)
Behavioral and Cognitive Neuroscience Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Behavioral Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Beyond Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bible Translator     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Biblical Theology Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 0.184, CiteScore: 0)
Big Data & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 55)
Biochemistry Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Bioinformatics and Biology Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 1.141, CiteScore: 2)
Biological Research for Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7, SJR: 0.685, CiteScore: 2)
Biomarker Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.81, CiteScore: 2)
Biomarkers in Cancer     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Biomedical Engineering and Computational Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Biomedical Informatics Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Bioscope: South Asian Screen Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.235, CiteScore: 0)
BMS: Bulletin of Sociological Methodology/Bulletin de Méthodologie Sociologique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.226, CiteScore: 0)
Body & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29, SJR: 1.531, CiteScore: 3)
Bone and Tissue Regeneration Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Brain and Neuroscience Advances     Open Access  
Brain Science Advances     Open Access  
Breast Cancer : Basic and Clinical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.823, CiteScore: 2)
British J. of Music Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
British J. of Occupational Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 252, SJR: 0.323, CiteScore: 1)
British J. of Pain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31, SJR: 0.579, CiteScore: 2)
British J. of Politics and Intl. Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39, SJR: 0.91, CiteScore: 2)
British J. of Visual Impairment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14, SJR: 0.337, CiteScore: 1)
British J.ism Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
BRQ Business Review Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Building Acoustics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.215, CiteScore: 1)
Building Services Engineering Research & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.583, CiteScore: 1)
Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Business & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Business and Professional Communication Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.348, CiteScore: 1)
Business Information Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17, SJR: 0.279, CiteScore: 0)
Business Perspectives and Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Cahiers Élisabéthains     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.111, CiteScore: 0)
Calcutta Statistical Association Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
California Management Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37, SJR: 2.209, CiteScore: 4)
Canadian Association of Radiologists J.     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2, SJR: 0.463, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian J. of Kidney Health and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.007, CiteScore: 2)
Canadian J. of Nursing Research (CJNR)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Canadian J. of Occupational Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 166, SJR: 0.626, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian J. of Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 1.769, CiteScore: 3)
Canadian J. of School Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.266, CiteScore: 1)
Canadian Pharmacists J. / Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.536, CiteScore: 1)
Cancer Control     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cancer Growth and Metastasis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cancer Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.64, CiteScore: 1)
Capital and Class     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.282, CiteScore: 1)
Cardiac Cath Lab Director     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cardiovascular and Thoracic Open     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Career Development and Transition for Exceptional Individuals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10, SJR: 0.44, CiteScore: 1)
Cartilage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.889, CiteScore: 3)
Cell Transplantation     Open Access   (Followers: 5, SJR: 1.023, CiteScore: 3)
Cephalalgia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.581, CiteScore: 3)
Cephalalgia Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Child Language Teaching and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.501, CiteScore: 1)
Child Maltreatment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 1.22, CiteScore: 3)
Child Neurology Open     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Childhood     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 0.894, CiteScore: 2)
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
China Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9, SJR: 0.767, CiteScore: 2)
China Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11, SJR: 0.221, CiteScore: 0)
Chinese J. of Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Christian Education J. : Research on Educational Ministry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Chronic Illness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.672, CiteScore: 2)
Chronic Respiratory Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.808, CiteScore: 2)
Chronic Stress     Open Access  
Citizenship, Social and Economics Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6, SJR: 0.145, CiteScore: 0)
Cleft Palate-Craniofacial J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.757, CiteScore: 1)
Clin-Alert     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis     Open Access   (Followers: 32, SJR: 0.49, CiteScore: 1)
Clinical and Translational Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Case Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.364, CiteScore: 1)
Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45, SJR: 0.73, CiteScore: 2)
Clinical EEG and Neuroscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.552, CiteScore: 2)
Clinical Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13, SJR: 0.296, CiteScore: 1)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 0.537, CiteScore: 2)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Blood Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.314, CiteScore: 2)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.686, CiteScore: 2)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.283, CiteScore: 1)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Circulatory, Respiratory and Pulmonary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4, SJR: 0.425, CiteScore: 2)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Ear, Nose and Throat     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Endocrinology and Diabetes     Open Access   (Followers: 33, SJR: 0.63, CiteScore: 2)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 3, SJR: 1.129, CiteScore: 3)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Pediatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Reproductive Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.776, CiteScore: 0)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Therapeutics     Open Access   (Followers: 1, SJR: 0.172, CiteScore: 0)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Trauma and Intensive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Urology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Clinical Nursing Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34, SJR: 0.471, CiteScore: 1)
Clinical Pathology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Clinical Pediatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25, SJR: 0.487, CiteScore: 1)
Clinical Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16, SJR: 3.281, CiteScore: 5)
Clinical Rehabilitation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 78, SJR: 1.322, CiteScore: 3)
Clinical Risk     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5, SJR: 0.133, CiteScore: 0)
Clinical Trials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22, SJR: 2.399, CiteScore: 2)
Clothing and Textiles Research J.     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28, SJR: 0.36, CiteScore: 1)
Collections : A J. for Museum and Archives Professionals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Common Law World Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Communication & Sport     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 0.385, CiteScore: 1)
Communication and the Public     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Communication Disorders Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15, SJR: 0.458, CiteScore: 1)
Communication Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24, SJR: 2.171, CiteScore: 3)
Community College Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8, SJR: 1.451, CiteScore: 1)
Comparative Political Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 291, SJR: 3.772, CiteScore: 3)
Compensation & Benefits Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Competition & Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12, SJR: 0.843, CiteScore: 2)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Breast Cancer : Basic and Clinical Research
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.823
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 12  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1178-2234
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1166 journals]
  • Outcome of Everolimus-Based Therapy in Hormone-Receptor-Positive
           Metastatic Breast Cancer Patients After Progression on Palbociclib

    • Authors: Ajay Dhakal, Roby Antony Thomas, Ellis G Levine, Adam Brufsky, Kazuaki Takabe, Matthew G Hanna, Kristopher Attwood, Austin Miller, Thaer Khoury, Amy P Early, Saif Soniwala, Tracy O’Connor, Mateusz Opyrchal
      Abstract: Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research, Volume 14, Issue , January-December 2020.
      Background:Despite the approval of mTOR inhibitor everolimus and CDK4/6 inhibitors in the management of hormone-receptor-positive HER2 non-amplified metastatic breast cancer (HR+ HER2-MBC), the optimal sequence of therapy is unclear. There are no clinical data on efficacy of everolimus in HR+ HER2-MBC after cancer progresses on CDK4/6 inhibitors.Objective:The objective of this study is to find the efficacy of everolimus in HR+ HER2-MBC after they progress on a CDK4/6 inhibitor palbociclib.Methods:This is a retrospective, 2-institute review of HR+ HER2-MBC from Jan 2015 to March 2018 treated with everolimus after progression on palbociclib. Primary end point was median progression-free survival (PFS), secondary end points objective response rate (ORR), clinical benefit ratio (CBR), and overall survival (OS).Results:Out of 41 women with median age 61 years (33, 87) enrolled, 66% had received adjuvant systemic therapy, 61% had visceral disease, and 95% had prior nonsteroidal aromatase inhibitors. About 83% women had 3 or more chemotherapy or hormonal therapies prior to everolimus. Kaplan-Meier estimates showed a median PFS of 4.2 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.2-6.2). The median OS was 18.7 months (95% CI 9.5 to not reached). Objective response rate and CBR were both 17.1%.Conclusion:Everolimus was associated with modest PFS and ORR in HR+ HER2-MBCs postprogression on palbociclib.
      Citation: Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research
      PubDate: 2020-07-23T11:19:38Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1178223420944864
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2020)
  • Wire- and Ultrasound-Guided Localization: A Novel Technique for Excision
           of Nonpalpable Breast Tumors

    • Authors: Siddhant Khare, Tulika Singh, Irrinki Santosh, Ishita Laroiya, Gurpreet Singh
      Abstract: Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research, Volume 14, Issue , January-December 2020.
      Background:Excision of nonpalpable breast lesions requires intraoperative guidance. Wire-guided localization and intraoperative ultrasounds have been used successfully but suffer from some disadvantages. We describe a new modification of the standard technique using a combination of preoperative ultrasound in conjunction with standard wire-guided localization.Methods:Wire and ultrasound-guided localization (WUGL) technique was used for the excision of nonpalpable breast lesions.Results:Sixty-nine patients with nonpalpable breast lesions were subjected to excision using WUGL, out of whom 63 patients had a preoperative diagnosis of invasive/noninvasive breast cancer. Six patients had a preoperative diagnosis of benign lesions, out of which 3 patients were converted to invasive breast cancer on final pathology. Only 1 patient had positive margin.Conclusions:WUGL is a technique that uses a combination of well-accepted and easily available techniques. It has given good results and has the potential for widespread acceptance in resource-constrained situations.
      Citation: Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research
      PubDate: 2020-07-03T02:09:56Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1178223420938068
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2020)
  • Cytotoxic Activity of the Mesoionic Compound MIH 2.4Bl in Breast Cancer
           Cell Lines

    • Authors: Luciana Amaral de Mascena Costa, Ashlyn C Harmon, Alvaro Aguiar Coelho Teixeira, Filipe Cássio Silva de Lima, Silvany de Sousa Araújo, Fabio Del Piero, Helivaldo Diógenes da Silva Souza, Petrônio Filgueiras de Athayde Filho, Severino Alves Junior, Maria de Mascena Diniz Maia, Aurea Wischral, Manoel Adrião Gomes Filho, J Michael Mathis
      Abstract: Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research, Volume 14, Issue , January-December 2020.
      In this work, we report the synthesis of a new 1,3-thiazolium-5-thiolate derivative of a mesoionic compound (MIH 2.4Bl) and the characterization of its selective cytotoxicity on a panel of breast cancer cells lines. The cytotoxic effect of MIH 2.4Bl on breast cancer cell lines was determined by XTT and crystal violet assays, flow cytometry analysis, electron microscopy characterization, and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT) deoxyuridine triphosphate (dUTP) nick end labeling (TUNEL) apoptosis assays. As determined using XTT cell growth and survival assays, MIH 2.4Bl exhibited growth inhibition activity on most breast cancer cell lines tested, compared with normal human mammary epithelial cells. Three breast cancer cell lines (MCF-7, T-47D, and ZR-75-1) showed a more potent sensitivity index to growth inhibition by MIH 2.4Bl than the other breast cancer cell lines. Interestingly, these 3 cell lines were derived from tumors of Luminal A origin and have ER (estrogen receptor), PR (progesterone receptor), and HER2 (human epidermal growth factor receptor 2) positive expression. Additional analysis of cytotoxicity mediated by MIH 2.4Bl was performed using the MCF-7 cell line. MCF-7 cells displayed both time- and dose-dependent decreases in cell growth and survival, with a maximum cytotoxic effect observed at 72 and 96 hours. The MCF-7 cells were also characterized for cell cycle changes upon treatment with MIH 2.4Bl. Using flow cytometry analysis of cell cycle distribution, a treatment-dependent effect was observed; treatment of cells with MIH 2.4Bl increased the G2/M population to 34.2% compared with 0.1% in untreated (control) cells. Ultrastructural analysis of MFC-7 cells treated with MIH 2.4Bl at 2 different concentrations (37.5 and 75 μM) was performed by transmission electron microscopy. Cells treated with 37.5 μM MIH 2.4Bl showed morphologic changes beginning at 6 hours after treatment, while cells treated with 75 μM showed changes beginning at 3 hours after treatment. These changes were characterized by an alteration of nuclear morphology and mitochondrial degeneration consistent with apoptotic cell death. Results of a TUNEL assay performed on cells treated for 96 hours with MIH 2.4Bl supported the observation of apoptosis. Together, these results suggest that MIH 2.4Bl is a promising candidate for treating breast cancer and support further in vitro and in vivo investigation.
      Citation: Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research
      PubDate: 2020-07-01T07:39:35Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1178223420913330
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2020)
  • Novel Melatonin, Estrogen, and Progesterone Hormone Therapy Demonstrates
           Anti-Cancer Actions in MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 Breast Cancer Cells

    • Authors: Mahmud Hasan, Erin Browne, Laura Guarinoni, Travis Darveau, Katherine Hilton, Paula A Witt-Enderby
      Abstract: Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research, Volume 14, Issue , January-December 2020.
      A novel melatonin, estrogen, and progesterone hormone therapy was developed as a safe bio-identical alternative hormone therapy for menopausal women based on the Women’s Health Initiative findings that PremPro™ increased breast cancer risk and mortality of all types of breast cancer in postmenopausal women. For HER2 breast cancer, melatonin, estrogen, and progesterone delayed tumor onset and reduced tumor incidence in neu female mice. For other breast cancers, its actions are unknown. In this study, melatonin, estrogen, and progesterone hormone therapy were assessed in human ER+ (MCF-7) and triple negative breast cancer (MDA-MB-231) cells, and found to decrease proliferation and migration of both breast cancer lines. Inhibition of MEK1/2 and 5 using PD98059 and BIX02189, respectively, inhibited proliferation and migration in MDA-MB-231 cells and proliferation in MCF-7 cells; however, when combined with melatonin, estrogen, and progesterone, BIX02189 blocked melatonin, estrogen, and progesterone–mediated inhibition of migration in MCF-7 cells and induced Elf-5. For MDA-MB-231 cells, BIX02189 combined with melatonin, estrogen, and progesterone inhibited proliferation and increased pERK1/2 and β1-INTEGRIN; levels of pERK5 remained low/nearly absent in both breast cancer lines. These findings demonstrate novel anti-cancer actions of melatonin, estrogen, and progesterone in ER+ and triple negative breast cancer cells through intricate MEK1/2- and MEK5-associated signaling cascades that favor anti-proliferation and anti-migration.
      Citation: Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research
      PubDate: 2020-06-25T06:45:39Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1178223420924634
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2020)
  • Neratinib-Induced Duodenal Ulcer: A Case Report

    • Authors: Bahar Moftakhar, Prakash Kharel, Sujan Niraula, Shipra Gandhi, Carla Falkson, Ajay Dhakal
      Abstract: Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research, Volume 14, Issue , January-December 2020.
      We report a case of a 37-year-old woman who developed a duodenal ulcer while receiving adjuvant neratinib for HER2 positive breast cancer. The clinical course of abdominal pain was strongly correlated with the use of neratinib. An esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) was performed and confirmed the diagnosis of a large duodenal ulcer. Neratinib was stopped, and the patient was treated with a proton pump inhibitor. Repeat EGD performed 3 months later showed complete resolution of the duodenal ulcer. Given this unexpected serious adverse event and only modest benefit of neratinib in the adjuvant setting, the decision was made to forgo further treatment with neratinib. Physicians should be aware of the gastrointestinal (GI) side effects associated with neratinib and recognize that peptic ulcer disease may be another GI toxicity associated with neratinib use.
      Citation: Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research
      PubDate: 2020-06-24T05:56:00Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1178223420935871
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2020)
  • Evaluation of Gene Expression Data From Cybrids and Tumours Highlights
           Elevated NDRG1-Driven Proliferation in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

    • Authors: Akanksha Mishra, Maria Bonello, Adam Byron, Simon P Langdon, Andrew H Sims
      Abstract: Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research, Volume 14, Issue , January-December 2020.
      Background:Triple-negative breast cancer is an aggressive type of breast cancer with high risk of recurrence. It is still poorly understood and lacks any targeted therapy, which makes it difficult to treat. Thus, it is important to understand the underlying mechanisms and pathways that are dysregulated in triple-negative breast cancer.Methods:To investigate the role of mitochondria in triple-negative breast cancer progression, we analysed previously reported gene expression data from triple-negative breast cancer cybrids with SUM-159 as the nuclear donor cell and SUM-159 or A1N4 (c-SUM-159, c-A1N4) as the mitochondrial donor cells and with 143B as the nuclear donor cell and MCF-10A or MDA-MB-231 (c-MCF-10A, c-MDA-MB-231) as the mitochondrial donor cells. The role of potential biomarkers in cell proliferation and migration was examined in SUM-159 and MDA-MB-231 cells using sulforhodamine B and wound healing assays.Results:Rank product analysis of cybrid gene expression data identified 149 genes which were significantly up-regulated in the cybrids with mitochondria from the cancer cell line. Analysis of previously reported breast tumour gene expression datasets confirmed 9 of the 149 genes were amplified, up-regulated, or down-regulated in more than 10% of the patients. The genes included NDRG1, PVT1, and EXT1, which are co-located in cytoband 8q24, which is frequently amplified in breast cancer. NDRG1 showed the largest down-regulation in the cybrids with benign mitochondria and was associated with poor prognosis in a breast cancer clinical dataset. Knockdown of NDRG1 expression significantly decreased proliferation of SUM-159 triple-negative breast cancer cells.Conclusions:These results indicate that mitochondria-regulated nuclear gene expression helps breast cancer cells survive and proliferate, consistent with previous work focusing on an Src gene signature which is mitochondria regulated and drives malignancy in breast cancer cybrids. This is the first study to show that mitochondria in triple-negative breast cancer mediate significant up-regulation of a number of genes, and silencing of NDRG1 leads to significant reduction in proliferation.
      Citation: Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research
      PubDate: 2020-06-22T11:30:20Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1178223420934447
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2020)
  • Chronic Stress Exposure Suppresses Mammary Tumor Growth and Reduces
           Circulating Exosome TGF-β Content via β-Adrenergic Receptor Signaling in
           MMTV-PyMT Mice

    • Authors: Ryan P Dawes, Kathleen A Burke, Daniel K Byun, Zhou Xu, Petr Stastka, Leland Chan, Edward B Brown, Kelley S Madden
      Abstract: Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research, Volume 14, Issue , January-December 2020.
      Preclinical models of breast cancer have established mechanistic links between psychological stress and cancer progression. However, epidemiological evidence linking stress and cancer is equivocal. We tested the impact of stress exposure in female mice expressing the mouse mammary tumor virus polyoma middle-T antigen (MMTV-PyMT), a spontaneous model of mammary adenocarcinoma that mimics metastatic hormone receptor–positive human breast cancer development. MMTV-PyMT mice were socially isolated at 6 to 7 weeks of age during premalignant hyperplasia. To increase the potency of the stressor, singly housed mice were exposed to acute restraint stress (2 hours per day for 3 consecutive days) at 8 to 9 weeks of age during early carcinoma. Exposure to this dual stressor activated both major stress pathways, the sympathetic nervous system and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis throughout malignant transformation. Stressor exposure reduced mammary tumor burden in association with increased tumor cleaved caspase-3 expression, indicative of increased cell apoptosis. Stress exposure transiently increased tumor vascular endothelial growth factor and reduced tumor interleukin-6, but no other significant alterations in immune/inflammation-associated chemokines and cytokines or changes in myeloid cell populations were detected in tumors. No stress-induced change in second-harmonic generation-emitting collagen, indicative of a switch to a metastasis-promoting tumor extracellular matrix, was detected. Systemic indicators of slowed tumor progression included reduced myeloid-derived suppressor cell (MDSC) frequency in lung and spleen, and decreased transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) content in circulating exosomes, nanometer-sized particles associated with tumor progression. Chronic β-adrenergic receptor (β-AR) blockade with nadolol abrogated stress-induced alterations in tumor burden and cleaved caspase-3 expression, lung MDSC frequency, and exosomal TGF-β content. Despite the evidence for reduced tumor growth, metastatic lesions in the lung were not altered by stress exposure. Unexpectedly, β-blockade in nonstressed mice increased lung metastatic lesions and splenic MDSC frequency, suggesting that in MMTV-PyMT mice, β-AR activation also inhibits tumor progression in the absence of stress exposure. Together, these results suggest stress exposure can act through β-AR signaling to slow primary tumor growth in MMTV-PyMT mice.
      Citation: Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research
      PubDate: 2020-06-17T06:06:20Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1178223420931511
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2020)
  • The Effect of Nail Lacquer on Taxane-Induced Nail Changes in Women With
           Breast Cancer

    • Authors: Osama Alshari, Abdelwahab Aleshawi, Ahmed H Al Sharie, Ala’a Msameh, Isra Al-Omari, Renad Msameh, Abdallah Almegdadi, Dima Albals
      Abstract: Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research, Volume 14, Issue , January-December 2020.
      Objective:Taxane-induced nail changes are considered as an important cosmetic manifestation with an incidence that reaches up to 44% of patients treated with taxane-included therapeutic regimens. In this article, we represent a clinical observational study to evaluate the effect of cosmetic nail lacquer on taxane-induced nail changes in female patients diagnosed with breast cancer.Methods:Prospectively, we identified those women who were diagnosed with breast cancer, scheduled to have AC-Taxol protocol. Any female with previous dermatological or systemic disorders that affect nails was excluded from the study. Patients were categorized into 2 groups based on the utilization of nail lacquer. The first group includes women who started to use the nail lacquer after development of nail changes. The second group comprises those women who did not use the nail lacquer at any occasion.Results:A total of 59 female patients were included in the study; 46 (78%) of them developed nail changes and the main change was nail discoloration. The first group which has used nail lacquer (17, 28.8%) showed an improvement among 15 (78.9%) patients, whereas 2 (7.4%) of them continued to have worsening symptoms. On the contrary, most of the second group (25, 92.9%) did not show any improvement in nail changes. A statistical significance between the tested groups was observed (P = .000). There is no statistical association between the progression of nail changes and the age of patients.Conclusions:Taxane-induced nail changes are considered as an important clinical, cosmetic, and psychological complication, especially for female patients with cancer. This article suggests that nail lacquer may have an effect in the improvement of nail changes, especially nail discoloration. Further investigations are recommended to prove the efficacy of nail lacquer.
      Citation: Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research
      PubDate: 2020-06-15T09:39:43Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1178223420929702
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2020)
  • Mammographic Breast Density Profile of Jordanian Women With Normal and
           Breast Cancer Findings

    • Authors: Dana S Al-Mousa, Maram Alakhras, Kelly M Spuur, Haytham Alewaidat, Mohammad Rawashdeh, Mostafa Abdelrahman, Patrick C Brennan
      Abstract: Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research, Volume 14, Issue , January-December 2020.
      Purpose:To document the mammographic breast density (MBD) distribution of Jordanian women and the relationship with MBD with age. Correlation between breast cancer diagnosis and density was also explored.Methods:A retrospective review of 660 screening mammograms from King Abdullah University Hospital was conducted. Mammograms were classified into 2 groups: normal (return to routine screening) and breast cancer and rated using the American College of Radiology (ACR) Breast Imaging-Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) 5th edition for MBD. The association between MBD and age was assessed by descriptive analyses and Kruskal-Wallis test. To compare between normal and breast cancer groups, chi-square post hoc tests with Bonferroni adjustment was used.Results:Groups consisted of 73.9% (n = 488) normal group and 26.1% (n = 172) breast cancer group. A significant inverse relationship was demonstrated between age and MBD among the normal (r = −.319, P 
      Citation: Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research
      PubDate: 2020-05-18T10:29:16Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1178223420921381
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2020)
  • Clinicopathological, Treatment and Event-Free Survival Characteristics in
           a Moroccan Population of Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

    • Authors: Fatima Zahra Mouh, Meriem Slaoui, Rachid Razine, Mohammed EL Mzibri, Mariam Amrani
      Abstract: Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research, Volume 14, Issue , January-December 2020.
      Introduction:Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a group of breast carcinoma characterized by the lack of expression of estrogen and progesterone hormone receptors (ER, PgR) and HER2. This form is also characterized by its aggressiveness, a low survival rate, and the absence of targeted therapies. This study was planned to evaluate the clinical features, treatment, and prognosis characteristics of TNBC in a population of Moroccan patients.Methods:In this retrospective study, a total of 905 patients diagnosed with breast cancer at the National Institute of Oncology in Rabat, Morocco, have been included. Based on molecular subtype, patients were divided into 2 categories: TNBC and non-TNBC patients. Data were recorded from patients’ medical files and analyzed using SPSS 13.0 software (IBM).Results:Overall, 17% of the patients had TNBC. At diagnosis, the median age of TNBC cases was 47 years, with extreme ages of 40 and 55 years. The median follow-up time was 30 months (10-53 months) and the 3-year survival rate was 76%. No significant difference was observed among the patients in terms of age at diagnosis, age at menarche, age at the time of first birth, nulliparity, oral contraception, and family history of breast cancer. Menopausal status and the number of pregnancy were significantly higher in the non-TNBC group. The percentage of grade 3 (G3) tumors was higher in the TNBC group (P 
      Citation: Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research
      PubDate: 2020-04-29T07:14:51Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1178223420906428
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2020)
  • Association of DEAR1 Tagging Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms With Breast
           Cancer in a Sample of Colombian Population: A Case Control Study

    • Authors: Angela P Beltrán, Edgar Benitez, Martin Rondon, Yeimy V Ariza, Fabio A Aristizabal, Ignacio Briceño
      Abstract: Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research, Volume 14, Issue , January-December 2020.
      Purpose:Ubiquitin ligase genes can act as oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes. They play a role in various diseases, including development and progression of breast cancer; the objective of this study was to evaluate the association of common variants in the ductal-epithelium-associated RING chromosome 1 (DEAR1) gene with breast cancer risk in a sample of Colombian population.Methods:We carried out a case-control study to investigate associations of variants in DEAR1 with breast cancer in women from Colombia. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs584298, rs2927970, rs59983645, and rs599167 were genotyped in 1022 breast cancer cases and 1023 healthy controls using the iPLEX® and Kompetitive Allele Specific PCR (polymerase chain reaction) (KASP) method. The associations between SNPs and breast cancer were examined by conditional logistic regression. The associations between SNPs and epidemiological/histopathological variables were examined by multinomial logistic regression.Results:Associations were found between tag SNPs and breast cancer adjusted for the epidemiological risk factors rs584298 genotypes AG and GG (P = .048 and P = .004, respectively). The analysis of the disease characteristics showed that SNP rs584298 (genotype AG) (P = .015) shows association with progesterone receptor (PR) status and (genotype AA) (P = .048) shows association with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) status.Conclusions:The SNP rs584298 in DEAR1 showed associations with breast cancer and the expression of HER2 receptor; when this receptor is amplified, the result is aggressive tumoral subtype and expression of PR receptor that is associated with high-proliferative tumor grade. Validation of this SNP is important to establish whether this variant or the tagged variant is the cause for the risk association showed.
      Citation: Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research
      PubDate: 2020-04-20T09:40:10Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1178223420904939
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2020)
  • Informational Needs in Patients With Breast Cancer With Lymphedema: Is It

    • Authors: Sara Dorri, Asiie Olfatbakhsh, Farkhondeh Asadi
      Abstract: Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research, Volume 14, Issue , January-December 2020.
      Introduction:Lymphedema is one of the complications of breast cancer treatment. It has no cure yet and can affect the quality of life. This study aimed to identify and investigate informational needs, preferred delivery methods, and time of receiving information about lymphedema for these patients.Methods:One hundred participants were recruited through Lymphedema Clinic in Motamed Cancer Institute in Tehran, Iran, through convenience sampling and were asked to complete a self-administered survey. Data collection took place on all opening days between October 2018 and mid-March 2019.Results:Most of the participants were above 40 years, have a diploma, homemaker, and the average income of most of the participants (57.2%) was low. The importance of having lymphedema information was very high for them. Most of them wanted detailed information at diagnosis of breast cancer. The preferred information of delivery methods were private sessions and social networks.Conclusions:Patients with breast cancer who have lymphedema have high needs as regards concise lymphedema information. Private sessions with physicians and social networks can provide detailed information for them.
      Citation: Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research
      PubDate: 2020-03-23T06:34:01Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1178223420911033
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2020)
  • Religiosity, Psychological Resilience, and Mental Health Among Breast
           Cancer Patients in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

    • Authors: Nawal A Al Eid, Mohammed MJ Alqahtani, Khaldoun Marwa, Boshra A Arnout, Hajar S Alswailem, Al Anoud Al Toaimi
      Abstract: Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research, Volume 14, Issue , January-December 2020.
      Objectives:This study aimed to investigate the correlations of religiosity and psychological resilience with mental health among cancer patients and to examine whether religiosity and psychological resilience can predict mental health.Method:The sample consisted of 329 patients. Researchers applied Islamic Religiosity Scale, Wagnild and Young Resilience Scale, and the scale of Hospital Anxiety and Depression.Results:The results showed that there are positive, statistically significant correlations between religiosity and psychological resilience, while there were negative, statistically significant correlations of religiosity and psychological resilience with mental health. And there are correlations between the alternative therapeutic interventions currently used to religiosity and psychological resilience, while there were no statistically significant correlations between alternative therapeutic interventions that the patient will use in the future to religiosity and psychological resilience. The results also revealed the possibility of predicting mental health through religiosity and psychological resilience.Conclusion:These results emphasized the importance of increased religiosity and psychological resilience among cancer patients.
      Citation: Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research
      PubDate: 2020-03-18T05:06:58Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1178223420903054
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2020)
  • Acidic Exopolysaccharide Produced from Marine Bacillus amyloliquefaciens
           3MS 2017 for the Protection and Treatment of Breast Cancer

    • Authors: Abeer Y Ibrahim, Eman R Youness, Manal G Mahmoud, Mohsen S Asker, Samah A El-Newary
      Abstract: Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research, Volume 14, Issue , January-December 2020.
      Purpose:This study was planned to investigate the anti-breast-cancer property of acidic exopolysaccharide produced from marine Bacillus amyloliquefaciens 3MS 2017 (BAEPS) in an animal model, which previously showed in-vitro anti-breast-cancer activity, by studying its potential participation in various targeted mechanisms.Methods:Mammary carcinoma in female Sprague-Dawley rats, both in prophylactic and in curative designs, was chemically induced using 7,12-dimethylebenz-(a)-anthracene (DMBA). B. amyloliquefaciens 3MS 2017 anti-breast-cancer property was evaluated by studying its effects on cancer-growth-rate-limiting enzymes (aromatase and Na+/K+ ATPase), sexual hormones (estrogen and progesterone), antioxidant and inflammatory biomarkers (cyclooxygenase-1; COX-1 and cyclooxygenase-2; COX-2). The incidence of breast cancer by DMBA was dependent on the level of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and aromatase.Results:7,12-Dimethylebenz-(a)-anthracene female rats were characterized by a significant increase in cancer-related biomarkers with an increase of oxidative stress biomarkers, in comparison with the negative control. Potent BAEPS anticancer activity on DMBA rats was exhibited either as a prophylactic or as a curative agent, which appeared via restoring the aromatase and Na+/K+ ATPase subunits levels and CEA close to the normal level. Besides, BAEPS modulated a sexual hormone, in comparison with the cancer control group (P ⩽ .05). B. amyloliquefaciens 3MS 2017 selectively inhibited COX-2 in parallel with promising antioxidant properties. The curative characters of BAEPS were more promising than the prophylactic.Conclusion:The anti-breast-cancer characters accompanied with a good safety margin may be attributed to its inhibitory effect on cancer-growth-rate-limiting enzymes, estrogen production, COX-2 level and lipid peroxidation, concurrent with enhancing COX-1 level, progesterone production, and antioxidant status.
      Citation: Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research
      PubDate: 2020-01-24T12:00:37Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1178223420902075
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2020)
  • Nitric Oxide and S-Nitrosylation in Cancers: Emphasis on Breast Cancer

    • Authors: Deepshikha Mishra, Vaibhav Patel, Debabrata Banerjee
      Abstract: Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research, Volume 14, Issue , January-December 2020.
      Nitric oxide (NO) is a ubiquitous, endogenously produced, water-soluble signaling molecule playing critical roles in physiological processes. Nitric oxide plays pleiotropic roles in cancer and, depending on its local concentration, may lead to either tumor progression or tumor suppression. Addition of NO group to a cysteine residue within a protein, termed as S-nitrosylation, plays diverse regulatory roles and affects processes such as metabolism, apoptosis, protein phosphorylation, and regulation of transcription factors. The process of S-nitrosylation has been associated with development of different cancers, including breast cancer. The present review discusses different mechanisms through which NO acts, with special emphasis on breast cancers, and provides detailed insights into reactive nitrogen species, posttranslational modifications of proteins mediated by NO, dual nature of NO in cancers, and the implications of S-nitrosylation in cancers. Our review will generate interest in exploring molecular regulation by NO in different cancers and will have significant therapeutic implications in the management and treatment of breast cancer.
      Citation: Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research
      PubDate: 2020-01-22T11:54:29Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1178223419882688
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2020)
  • A Novel BRCA1 Gene Mutation Detected With Breast Cancer in a Vietnamese
           Family by Targeted Next-Generation Sequencing: A Case Report

    • Authors: Tran Van Thuan, Nguyen Van Chu, Pham Hong Khoa, Nguyen Tien Quang, Dao Van Tu, Nguyen Thi Quynh Tho, Phung Thi Huyen, Bui Hai Ha, Pham Thi Han, Duong Minh Long, Bach Thi Hoai Phuong
      Abstract: Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research, Volume 14, Issue , January-December 2020.
      Hereditary breast cancer is an inherited genetic condition, mainly caused by BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutations. These genetic changes can increase the risks of breast and ovarian cancers in women, while prostate and breast cancers in men. Especially, mutations in either BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes take important roles in early-onset breast cancer. The present study focused on a 47-year-old Vietnamese woman with breast cancer by applying targeted next-generation sequencing technique. A novel BRCA1 gene mutation, namely NM_007294.3 (BRCA1): c.4998insA (p. Tyr1666Terfs), was identified both in this patient and in some of the members in her family proved the fact that the mutated genes passed down through generations. This change may exponentially initiate breast cancer risks and become a valuable marker for exact clinical prognosis and treatment.
      Citation: Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research
      PubDate: 2020-01-17T11:34:53Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1178223420901555
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2020)
  • Linkage Between Obesity Leptin and Breast Cancer

    • Authors: Manar Fayiz Atoum, Foad Alzoughool, Huda Al-Hourani
      Abstract: Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research, Volume 14, Issue , January-December 2020.
      Many cancers might be influenced by obesity, including breast cancer, the leading cause of cancer death among women. Obesity is a complex state associated with multiple physiological and molecular changes capable of modulating the behavior of breast tumor cells and the surrounding microenvironment. This review discussed the inverse association between obesity and breast cancer among premenopausal breast cancer females and the positive association among postmenopausal. Four mechanisms may link obesity and breast cancer including leptin and leptin receptor expression, adipose chronic inflammation, sex hormone alternation, and insulin and insulinlike growth factor 1 (IGF-1) signaling. Leptin has been involved in breast cancer initiation, development, and progression through signaling transduction network. Leptin functions are strengthened through cross talk with multiple oncogenes, cytokines, and growth factors. Adipose chronic inflammation promotes cancer growth and angiogenesis and modifies the immune responses. A pro-inflammatory microenvironment at tumor site promotes cytokines and pro-inflammatory mediators adjacent to the tumor. Leptin stimulates pro-inflammatory cytokines and promotes T-helper 1 responses. Obesity is common of chronic inflammation. In obese patients, white adipose tissue (WAT) will promote pro-inflammatory mediators that will encourage tumor growth and WAT inflammation. Sex hormone alternation of estrogens is associated with increased risk for hormone-sensitive breast cancers. Estrogens cause tumorigenesis by its effect on signaling pathways that lead to DNA damage, stimulation angiogenesis, mutagenesis, and cell proliferation. In postmenopausal females, and due to termination of ovarian function, estrogens were produced extra gonadally, mainly in peripheral adipose tissues where adrenal-produced androgen precursors are converted to estrogens. Active estradiol leads to breast cancer development by binding to ERα, which is modified by receptor’s interaction of various signal transduction pathways. Hyperinsulinemia and IGF-1 activate the MAPK and PI3K pathways, leading to cancer-promoting effects. Cross talk between insulin/IGF and estrogen signaling pathways promotes hormone-sensitive breast cancer development. Hyperinsulinemia is a risk factor for breast cancer that explains the obesity-breast cancer association. Controlling IGF-1 level and targeting IGF-1 receptors among different breast cancer subtypes may be useful for breast cancer treatment. This review discussed several leptin signaling pathways, highlighting the potential advantage of targeting leptin as a potential target of the novel therapeutic strategies for breast cancer treatment.
      Citation: Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research
      PubDate: 2020-01-10T08:41:19Z
      DOI: 10.1177/1178223419898458
      Issue No: Vol. 14 (2020)
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