Publisher: Kafrelsheik University (Total: 1 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

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Egyptian J. of Physical Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
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Egyptian Journal of Physical Therapy
Number of Followers: 5  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2682-4027 - ISSN (Online) 2682-4094
Published by Kafrelsheik University Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Different orthotics in management of plantar fasciitis: a systematic

    • Abstract: Purpose: to provide an objective and comprehensive overview about effectiveness of each type of orthotics used in the management of calcaneal plantar fasciitis.Methods: This systematic review aimed to evaluate the efficacy of various orthotic interventions in the treatment of plantar fasciitis. The review protocol was registered in PROSPERO, and a specific search strategy was developed for different databases, including Cochrane Library, PEDro, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CINAHL. Eligibility criteria were defined, and two reviewers independently screened titles and abstracts, followed by full-text screening of potentially relevant studies. A data extraction form was used to collect key study characteristics, and the quality of evidence was evaluated using Cochrane Collaboration's tool. The primary outcome measure was pain and disability is considered the secondary outcome.Results:  A total of 2699 studies were found, of which 10 studies were included in the systematic review. The included studies were of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). The review found that various orthotic interventions could improve pain, and disability in patients with plantar fasciitis. The combined effect size was statistically significant in all models, indicating a significant effect of orthotics on pain and disability. However, significant heterogeneity was observed among the studies. Subgroup analysis showed significant heterogeneity. No significant publication bias was detected in any of the analyses.Conclusion: The systematic review concludes that orthotics may be a promising non-invasive treatment for people with plantar fasciitis, as the meta-analysis showed a significant effect on pain and disability. However, the high heterogeneity among the studies suggests that further research is needed. While there was no significant publication bias, more high-quality research is needed to confirm the findings and establish the optimal use of orthotics for planter fasciitis. Clinicians should consider using orthotics with other conservative treatments for people with Planter fasciitis.
  • Correlation between smartphone addiction and isometric scapular muscles
           strength among adults

    • Abstract: Background: Due to scapular mal-alignment and forward head posture, heavy smartphone use has an influence on shoulder scapular muscle strength. The purpose was to investigate how smartphone addiction affected the strength of scapular muscles in adults. A cross-sectional observational analysis. Methods: A total of 150 individuals, ranging in age from 18 to 30 (mean ± standard deviation was 34.83± 4.07years), were included. The smartphone addiction scale short version (SAS-SV) was used to assess smartphone addiction, while a hand-held dynamometer was used to assess scapular muscle strength. Results: Mann-Whitney test showed that there was significant difference between isometric scapular muscles strength at both sides except for upper trapezius (UT) at the left side. Spearman correlation showed weak negative correlation between SAS score and isometric strength of UT r =-0.17, p = 0.4, middle trapezius (MT) = -0.20, p = 0.1, lower trapezius (LT) r = -0.29, p = 0.00, serratus anterior (SA) r = -0.20, p = 0.01 on the right side and isometric strength of MT r = -0.28, p = 0.00, LT r = -0.29, p = 0.00 on the left side. On the other hand, there were no significant correlation between SAS score and isometric strength of UT r = -0.14, p = 0.097 and SA r = -0.13, p = 0.1 on the left side. Conclusions: Smartphone addiction doesn’t cause loss of scapular muscle strength in both sides but people may use one side more than the other that may induce scapular muscle imbalance and shoulder dysfunction.
  • Effects of a Comprehensive Physical Therapy Program on Functional
           performance profile in Young men with a History of Osgood Schlatter

    • Abstract: Purpose: There is paucity of prospective studies assessing the treatment of Osgood- Schlatter disease (OSD).This study was conducted to investigate the functional performance profile of young men.Methods: Fifty young men with a history of OSD randomly assigned into two groups; their ages ranged between 17-21years old. Group A had a conventional physical therapy program with extracorporeal shockwave therapy while group B, had the same conventional treatment program. Sessions executed three times a week for two months. Then, conducted the assessment using a modified one hundred points rating scale. This scale based upon five variables (symptoms, functional tests, clinical examination, performance tests and muscle testing). The basic grading scale broken down into four categories: Excellent=90-100; Good=80-89; Fair=70-79 and Poor=69 or below. Therefore, measurements scored before as well as after the end of treatment program. Results: Before treatment (group A); excellent 2 patients, good 13 patients, fair 8 patients, poor 2 patients, for (group B); excellent one patient, good 17 patients and fair 7 patients. While after treatment; (group A); excellent 17 patients, good 8 patients; for (group B); excellent 11 patients, good 13 patients, Revealed statistically significant improvement in the measuring variables of both groups when comparing pre and post treatment mean values. Results denoted significant differences in the measured variables in favor of group (A) when compared with that of group (B) (p > 0.05).Conclusion: The study support the application of shock wave therapy to improve functional performance in young men having a history of Osgood- Schlatter Disease.

    • Abstract: Background &Purpose: The refractory errors usually lead to various musculoskeletal problems due to a continuous overexertion of accommodation and vergence. This study was conducted to investigate the refractive error and their impact on the cervical spine. Methods: A total of 106 subjects were recruited after satisfying inclusion criteria and informed written consent. The subjects were asked to fill the questionnaire related to neck discomfort and refractory errors by Goggle forms. Based on whether the subjects wear spectacles or not they are divided into Group A subjects wearing spectacles and group B subjects with non-spectacles. Later the subjects were divided on the basis of refractory error into 4 subgroups, group M (Myopia), group H (Hyperopia), Group P (Presbyopia) and Group T (Astigmatism). Results: The mean neck discomfort levels were higher in Group A than Group B and the results showed us that there was a statistically significant difference at p<0.05. The neck discomfort levels were higher in Myopia subjects (group M) but the results were not statistically significantConclusion: Myopia is the most common refractive error in young adult population .The subjects wearing spectacles have a large impact on neck discomfort in comparison with the subjects not wearing spectacles.

    • Abstract: Background: Headache is the common neurologic symptom that affects half the world's population. the prevalence declines with age, headache remains a common neurologic complaint among elderly populations. Purpose this study was conducted to translate and test face validity, content validity, feasibility, internal consistency reliability and test retest reliability of adapted Arabic-language version of Headache Impact Test questionnaire in patients with headache.Methods Three expert panels and 90 patients with headaches aged from 18 to 65 years old participated in this study. Forward translation, development of preliminary initially translated version, backward translation, and development of the pre-final version and testing of pre-final version using experts. One panel tested the clarity and the other tested the proportion of relevance. Testing of the pre-final version on the last expert panel. Then, testing of the final version on patients. Clarity index, the expert proportion of relevance, descriptive statistics, missed item index, Cronbach's coefficient alpha, and Intra-rater class correlation coefficient were conducted for statistical analysis. Results: The study showed that the Arabic version of the Headache Impact Test questionnaire has excellent face validity as the scale index of clarity equals 93.33%, it has excellent content validity of 98.33%, regarding the scale feasibility; all items were filled in 100% of sheets. Cronbach's alpha equaled 0.865, Intra-class correlation coefficient between test and retest was 0.990. Conclusions: Arabic version of the Headache Impact Test questionnaire has the face and content validity, feasibility, internal consistency, and test-retest reliability enough to measure the severity of headache in Arabic-speaking headache patients.
  • Effectiveness of Eccentric Strengthening Exercises on Pain and Functional
           Abilities in Patients with Knee Osteoarthrosis: A Randomized Clinical

    • Abstract: Introduction. This study aimed to examine the effects of eccentric and concentric strengthening exercises on VAS (Visual Analog Scale), WOMAC, TUG score and knee flexion and extension Range of Motion in patients with knee OA. Methods: VAS, WOMAC, TUG score, knee flexion and extension range of motion were collected from 60 patients with knee OA; pre, post-6 weeks (about 1 and a half months) and post-12 weeks (about 3 months) of receiving eccentric and concentric strengthening exercises. Results. The 3x2 Mixed Design MANOVA with the subsequent multiple pairwise comparison tests revealed that the mean values of VAS, WOMAC, TUG score and knee flexion and extension range of motion significantly improved post-6 weeks (about 1 and a half months) and post-12 weeks (about 3 months) compared with the pre-test condition in group A and group B. Moreover, the 3x2 mixed design MANOVA indicate that, the mean values of VAS, WOMAC and TUG score decreased significantly post-6 weeks (about 1 and a half months) and post-12 weeks (about 3 months) in group B compared with Group A. However, there were no significant differences in knee flexion and knee extension range of motion between group A and group B among the 3 testing conditions. Conclusion. Eccentric strengthening exercise program is more effective in reducing the intensity of pain and improving functional capacity in patients with knee OA.
  • Acute inflammatory Response to Manual Lymph Drainage Massage in Breast
           Cancer Related Lymphedema

    • Abstract: : Purpose: To evaluate the effect of manual lymphatic drainage (MLD) on the acute inflammatory response and arm circumference in women suffering from breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL).Methods: Single-arm study (Pretest – Posttest) design. 35 women with unilateral BCRL were received 1 session of 45 minute of MLD. Inflammatory Markers (IL-6, and CRP), and arm circumference were evaluated before and 24 hours after application of MLD.Results: The statistical analysis by The Wilcoxon signed ranks test found that there was a significant (P = 0.02; P < 0.05) decrease in arm circumference post treatment compared to pre treatment. But, no remarkable differences (P = 0.648 & 0.874; P > 0.05) between post treatment and pre treatment of IL­6 & CRP within study group. Conclusion: According to prior discussions of these findings and a review of academic research related to the current study, MLD is a straightforward, safe, and effective method for the treatment of BCRL that did not result in a substantial rise in IL6 or CRP as inflammatory mediators.
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762

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