Publisher: Society of Feeding Mind Combating Malnutrition (Total: 1 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

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Egyptian J. of Nutrition and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
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Egyptian Journal of Nutrition and Health
Number of Followers: 3  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1687-7950 - ISSN (Online) 2535-1559
Published by Society of Feeding Mind Combating Malnutrition Homepage  [1 journal]
  • The effect of some natural antioxidants supplementation on cognition
           status in children with learning disabilities

    • Abstract: Cognition refers to all the processes by which the sensory input is transformed, reduced, elaborated, stored, recovered, and used. Polyphenols are powerful antioxidant and regular intake of polyphenol-rich food caused a positive impact on cognitive outcomes. This study investigates the effect of some natural antioxidant (quercetin, caffeic acid, P-coumaric acid and ferulic acid) supplementation in cognition of 27children  aged (7– 13) years in the primary school (Al-Azhar Primary Institutes) with learning disabilities measure which were diagnosed by the psychologist and their teachers. Some forms and tests were used before and after antioxidant supplementation including Intelligence tests(Stanford Penny), learning disabilities measure (cognition), Personal data, Anthropometric measurements, and nutritional assessment. The application of food intervention was carried out by providing one category of meals daily, meal 1 contains (vanilla biscuit with yellow corn meal + fruit cake with cocoa jelly), meal 2 contains (chocolate cupcake with yellow corn meal +fruit cake with red beet roots jelly) and meal 3 contains (chocolate peanut butter biscuits+ vegetables salad) for 3 months frequency. Meals are rich in polyphenols as (quercetin, caffeic acid, P-coumaric acid and ferulic acid) caused highly significant increase (p≤ 0.01) in the mean value of cognition (23.88±2097) as compared before test (15.11± 2.43). It was also observed an improvements in some behavioral and nutritional problems. It could be concluded that, dietary intervention rich in polyphenols may improve cognition in children with learning disabilities.
  • Lemongrass (Cymbopogon Citratus), and Coenzyme Q10, ameliorates sodium
           valproate induced reproductive toxicity in rat model

    • Abstract: This study was conducted to analyze the impact of lemongrass ( Cymbopogon Citratus ) powder (CP) and aqueous extract (CA) with and without coenzyme Q10 supplementation on reproductive toxicity induced by sodium valproate (SVA) in rat model. Forty-eight male albino rats (210 ± 5g) were divided randomly into 6 groups (n=8 rats).Experimental design; group (1) fed on basal diet as normal control (-ve).Groups(2 - 6) received sodium valproate (SVA) orally at dose 500mg/kg/BW daily on the final week of the experimental duration (45 days)to induce reproductive toxicity.Group(2) fed on basal diet with orally SVA at dose 500mg/kg/BW daily (on the final week) as reproductive toxicity control (+ ve),group (3) treated with coenzyme Q10 at dose (150 mg/kg/BW) + (SVA), group (4) treated withle mongrass (Cymbopogon Citratus) powder (CP) at dose (150 gm/kgdiet) + (SVA), group (5) treated with lemongrass (Cymbopogon Citratus) aqueous extract (CA) at dose (150 mg/kg/BW)+ (SVA) and group (6) treated with mixture of(coenzyme Q10+CP+CA) at (50 mg/kg/BW+ 50 gm/kg diet + 50mg/kg/BW, respectively)+(SVA).The antioxidant and phenolic compounds of lemongrass (Cymbopogon Citratus) leaves and its aqueous extract were estimated.Lemongrass(Cymbopogon Citratus) leaves and its aqueous extract contained remarkable amounts of antioxidant compounds.The results showed the groups treated with lemongrass (Cymbopogon Citratus) leaves, aqueous extract and coenzyme Q10 affected the relative weight of (testis and seminal vesicles) positively. Moreover, the parameters determined in this study showed improvement in these levels when compared with reproductive toxicity control. The best results for parameters that were determined in this study, as serum lipid profiles and liver enzymes, testicular antioxidant and lipid peroxidation biomarkers, serum testosterone, (FSH) and (LH) levels in addition,sperm count were shown in groups were treated with (coenzyme Q10+CP+CA) then CP followed by coenzyme Q10 and CA respectively, but most results showed non-significant difference between these groups.The study showed that,lemongrass (Cymbopogon Citratus) alone or combined with coenzyme Q10 has a powerful protection benefits versus SVA-induced reproductive toxicity in rat model, without causing severe oxidative injury to the reproductive organs and hormonal levels that could be attributable to its antioxidants, phenolics and flavonoid contents that related mainly to ameliorate reproductive toxicity induced by sodium valproate in rat model.
  • Efficacy of Dried Green Algae on Hematological Parameters and Body Weight
           of Obese Anemic Rats

    • Abstract: Obesity is a risk factor for several comorbidities and complications, this includes iron deficiency anemia. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of dried green algae (Spirulina platensis) on hematological parameters of obese anemic rats. The current study was performed on 35 adult male rats. Rats (n=35) were divided into two main groups. The first group (7rats) was fed on basal diet as negative control group. The second group (28 rats) were fed on high fat diet, deficient in iron and adding 10 g tannic acid/kg diet to cause obese anemic model then were divided into 4 subgroups, the 1st subgroup was fed on high fat diet and kept as a control positive group while, other subgroups 3, 4 and 5 were fed on high fat diet and supplemented with 2.5%, 5%, and 7%, dried spirulina, respectively. Supplementation with spirulina dried at the tested levels overcome (P<0.05) obesity and cause improvement in hematocrit, hemoglobin, red blood cells and platelets of the treated groups. In conclusion, data suggested that spirulina may be useful for obese anemic patients, so it is worthy trial on humans.
  • Effect of lemongrass powder on hyperlipidemia compared to Orlistat using
           experimental animals

    • Abstract: This study was designed to investigate the effect of lemongrass powder and Orlistat on hyperlipidemia in rats fed on a high fat diet. Twenty four normal male albino rats of Sprague Dawley Strain weighing (150±10g), were used in this study and split into 4 equal groups; each group contained 6 rats.One group was conserved as a control negative group (G1), while (G2) were fed on high fat diet, (G3)were fed on high fat diet plus7.5 % lemongrass powder and (G4) fed on high fat diet plus Orlistat (60 mg /Kg body weight). At the end of the experiment, glucose levels, total protein (Albumin and globulin), serum liver functions, and serum lipids were assessed. The results indicated that tests plants improved glucose levels, liver functions, and lipid profile. According to these results, moderate amounts of lemongrass in our diets could be tried for improvement of hyperlipidemic humans.
  • Study the anthropometric parameters for obese cases beside dietary habits,
           blood test and sex hormones that affect Fertility

    • Abstract: Obesity is defined as an abnormal or excessive accumulation of body fat and currently is one of the most public health problems. The objective of the study is to determine the relation between human obesity and several related parameters that may affect fertility in both sexes, two hundred adult(100)males and (100) females aged 21 to 25 years were volunteers for the study.  A questionnaire was completed on eating habits, focusing on the number of daily meals, meal composition, and sedentary lifestyle habits. An anthropometric assessment was also performed, including weight, height, BMI, skin-fold thickness, waist and arm circumference.  Also, some sexual male and female hormones were determined. The results revealed that the mean age of males were 23± 1.45 y and for females were 23±2.05y. Calories,total fat, carbohydrate, phosphorus,potassium, vitaminA,B2 and niacin together with cholesterol intake by obese volunteers were higher than the recommended dietary allowances. Both genders had BMI more than 40; BMI of females was higher than males.The mean value of cholesterol, triglycerides and VLDL-c for obese males and females were higher than normal range. Obese male showed an increase in serum levels of leptin, prolactin PRL estrogen and E2, accompanied with marked reduction in serum testosterone (T),dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and T/ Estrogen E2 ratio. Obesity in  females showed reduction in the levels of progesterone and estrogen while it caused an increase in luteinizing hormone,follicle-stimulating hormone, leptin and prolactin. Therefore, it was important to keep attention to obesity as an etiology of male and female fertility and change the lifestyle of young obese female and male.
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762

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