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Protek : Jurnal Ilmiah Teknik Elektro     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
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Protek : Jurnal Ilmiah Teknik Elektro
Number of Followers: 4  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2354-8924 - ISSN (Online) 2527-9572
Published by Universitas Khairun Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Comparison of Battery Electric Power Consumption in a Fingerprint System
           or a Motor Manual Lock System

    • Authors: Sitti Amalia, Rafika Andari, Jumadi Arif
      Pages: 1 - 7
      Abstract: Motorcycle security systems using fingerprint sensors are needed to avoid theft because of their high level of security compared to manual systems. This study underscores the importance of using this fingerprint sensor for motorcycle security. The formulation of the problem in this study is how much electricity is required in the motorcycle battery for this fingerprint security system. This system uses various components, such as the R503 fingerprint sensor, Arduino Uno, buzzer, 4-channel relay, ignition key, and motorcycle starter. Testing of this system is performed by inserting a finger in a wet, oily, dusty, or normal condition, and the result is that this sensor is capable of detecting the entire condition of the finger. Attempts to start a motorcycle with all ten fingers showed that the left index finger started faster under normal conditions, in 1.55 seconds compared to the manual method, which took 2.05 seconds longer. It also measures power consumption and calculates how long the battery can power this device. The result is that the battery can power this device for 180 hours without interruption
      PubDate: 2023-01-07
      DOI: 10.33387/protk.v10i1.4285
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2023)
  • Optimal Power Flow For Non-Smooth Cost Function Using Particle Swarm
           Optimization On 150 Kv System

    • Authors: Muh Rais, Bustamin Bustamin, Mochammad Apriyadi Hadi Sirad
      Pages: 8 - 14
      Abstract: Optimal power flow by considering the non-smooth cost curve using the meta-heuristic algorithm method, namely particle swarm optimization (PSO) in the 150 kV Sulselrabar electrical system. In this study, the PSO algorithm was used to optimize optimal power flow so that the cheapest generation price was obtained with a non-smooth cost curve and still considered the limitations of similarity and inequality. In this study, the PSO algorithm was used to optimize optimal power flow so that the cheapest generation price was obtained with a non-smooth cost curve and still considered the limitations of similarity and inequality. From the results of generation optimization using the Particle Swarm method, it produces the cheapest generation costs from other methods, namely Rp. 93,498,916.1,- / hour to generate power of 270.14 MW with losses of 25.73 MW. The Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) method is able to reduce the cost of generating the Sulselrabar system by Rp. 34,382,857.58 / hour or 26.89%. From the results of generation optimization using the Ant Colony method, it resulted in a total generation cost of Rp. 94670335.98 / hour to generate power of 270,309 MW with losses of 25.91 MW. The Ant Colony method is able to reduce the cost of generating the Sulselrabar system by Rp. 33,211,437.70 / hour or 25.98%. From the results of generation optimization using the lagrange method, it resulted in a total generation cost of Rp. 117,121,631.08 / hour to generate power of 339.4 MW with losses of 25,016 MW. The lagrange method is able to reduce the cost of generating the Sulselrabar system by Rp. 10,760,142.60 / hour or 8.41%. The artificial intelligence method based on Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) can well perform optimization of Optimal Power Flow, from the results of the analysis obtained the cheapest generation cost compared to the comparison method, Lagrange Method and Ant Colony artificial intelligence method.
      PubDate: 2023-01-07
      DOI: 10.33387/protk.v10i1.4709
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2023)
  • Analysis Illumination of Public Street Lighting on Street Jenderal
           Sudirman in Pemalang Regency

    • Authors: Arief Bagus Dermawan, Noor Hudallah, Riana Defi Mahadji Putri, Tatyantoro Andrasto
      Pages: 15 - 21
      Abstract: Public street lighting is a complement to the road and is placed on the left or right side of the road or in the middle of the median of the road to illuminate the road. The public street lighting that has been operating is usually rarely maintained, and problems will arise in the street lighting that can reduce the illumination value. This study aims to determine the illumination value, whether it is the SNI 7391:2008 standard or not, by means of measurements and simulations on the Jenderal Sudirman Pemalang road. measurement using a digital lux meter (AS803) and simulation using the software DIALux evo 10.1. Based on simulation results with the SNI 7391:2008 standard and an illumination value of 11-20 lux, the study recommends replacing the installed lamp with a 70 W LED lamp. The result of this study is that replacing a 70 W LED lamp can reduce the cost of electrical energy consumption by Rp 3,037,338 and reduce electrical power consumption by 2,102.4 kWh
      PubDate: 2023-01-07
      DOI: 10.33387/protk.v10i1.4875
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2023)
  • Movement Control System of 3-DOF Quadruped Robot

    • Authors: Ashadi Amir, Untung Suwardoyo, Ahmad Salim K
      Pages: 22 - 25
      Abstract: Robotics technology has been used in various aspects of life to make work easier. In the industrial sector, robots are used to replace human roles in order to produce more effective and efficient work. The use of robots is also carried out in jobs with a high level of risk, one of which is search and rescue (SAR). In its development, the use of robots for SAR requires high flexibility and effectiveness in carrying out movements for finding and extinguishing hotspots as well as rescuing victims. So, in this research, a movement control system will be designed for a legged robot. The robot's design consists of four legs. Each leg of the robot is integrated with three servo motors, so that each leg movement will have three degrees of freedom. Tests are carried out to determine the speed of the robot in various directions of movement by changing the rotation angle of the servo on each leg. The test results show that a legged robot can accelerate at a maximum speed of 0.066 m/s.
      PubDate: 2023-01-07
      DOI: 10.33387/protk.v10i1.4962
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2023)
  • The Application of Energy Management Systems Using the Internet of Things
           to Improve the Efficiency of Electrical Energy Usage in the MSMEs Sector

    • Authors: Erick Sorongan, riklan kango, Suhaedi Suhaedi
      Pages: 26 - 32
      Abstract: Monitoring the electrical energy of the MSME sector is necessary because the current use of electricity is less effective and consumes more electrical power. The use of electrical power can only be seen through the kWh meter measuring instrument and only shows the cumulative amount of electrical energy used. The analog panel design constraint only displays aggregate consumption data, not real-time. This study aims to develop an energy management system through Internet of Things communication for monitoring and controlling electrical devices in MSME sector buildings. Designer of a real-time measurement system that can read the parameters of the amount of electricity consumed so that MSME users can monitor the use of electricity consumption quickly and accurately via the internet and become a solution for more efficient monitoring work. The monitoring system is designed for load groups in buildings by using the ESP32 NodeMCU as a data processor for data received from the PZEM-004T sensor and sent directly to the Blynk server so that the data can be monitored and controlled on the Blynk interface via a smartphone. The data displayed on the Blynk application is in the form of voltage (volts), current (amperes), power (watts), electrical energy (kWh), and electricity usage rates in rupiah in real-time. The results of the study obtained show that the proposed method can read the energy consumption data of the electrical load used with an error value of 0.54% in voltage measurement and an error value of 2.93% in current measurement and has a delay in sending data to the monitoring application of an average of 3 seconds. The proposed draft Energy Management System can improve electricity efficiency if applied to solve the problem of electrical energy consumed in MSME sector buildings.
      PubDate: 2023-01-07
      DOI: 10.33387/protk.v10i1.5042
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2023)
  • Design of Audiosonic Frequency Wave Therapy Tool With Arduino Mega-Based
           Spectrum Analyzer Monitoring

    • Authors: Florentinus Budi Setiawan, Daniel Danin Prasetyo, Leonardus Heru Pratomo
      Pages: 33 - 38
      Abstract: As technology develops, more and more devices can produce or record sound waves. There are currently a lot of sound wave generators in use; however, the frequency output range of these generators is highly constrained. This study is being done to help doctors or the general public treat specific illnesses or disorders such as neurological disorders, headaches, and stomach digestion issues. This prototype was created using experimental or lab techniques. by running tests on the variables being utilized. The Arduino Mega 2560 microcontroller is used to operate this prototype. The Arduino Mega 2560 employs the C and C+ programming languages for its code. The Arduino Mega 2560 may be used to modify the keypad's output frequency, amplitude, and data input. This tool is designed to be able to output frequencies of 20 Hz to 20,000 Hz (human sound). In this study, it has an output in the form of frequencies produced from speakers with test frequencies, namely 200 Hz, 10 kHz, and 17 kHz
      PubDate: 2023-01-07
      DOI: 10.33387/protk.v10i1.5536
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2023)
  • On-Grid PV Performance in Various Irradiation Conditions, Types, and Load

    • Authors: Alamsyah Achmad, Usman Usman, Ahmad Rizal Sultan, Ahmad Rosyid Idris, Andarini Asri, Fahmi Ryadin
      Pages: 39 - 45
      Abstract: There are several types of photovoltaic system configurations, one of which is the on-grid PV system. This system is simple compared to other systems. Because there are two different energy sources that can supply the load either together or separately, an analysis of how the irradiation affects the electrical parameters on the load side or the grid itself is required. The goal of this research is to examine the performance of on-grid PV under various irradiation variation, type, and load power to power factor, grid frequency, and load conditions. To measure the performance of on-grid PV, parameter calculations are carried out in the form of PV efficiency, final yield, reference yield, and performance ratio, and the results of measurements of power factor, grid frequency, and load are observed due to variations in irradiation, type, and load power. The results show that the performance of on-grid PV is good; low irradiation can result in a decrease in the grid power factor, while the grid and load frequencies are in normal conditions for various variations of irradiation, type, and load power.
      PubDate: 2023-01-07
      DOI: 10.33387/protk.v10i1.5543
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2023)
  • Fruit Ripeness Classification System Using Convolutional Neural Network
           (CNN) Method

    • Authors: Florentinus Budi Setiawan, Christophorus Bramantya Adipradana, Leonardus Heru Pratomo
      Pages: 46 - 51
      Abstract: The increasing consumer demand in the fruit industry has also demanded that various sectors of the fruit processing industry be able to adapt to this situation. The demand for good quality and fresh fruit requires technological advances and supporting systems that can be used in the fruit processing industry to produce the best quality fruit. Referring to this, this study aims to detect the type and maturity of fruit using machine learning with the CNN (Convolutional Neural Network) method using the function of a camera that is integrated with the program algorithm. This research is a refinement of previous research that has been made at the university by increasing the ability to read objects based on color with different methods. In this programming language, Python also requires several additional libraries to carry out the object detection process, namely by using the cvzone library as the main library. This study shows that the detection of fruit and ripeness using the CNN method was successful in detecting the type and maturity of the fruit. In the design and trial of this research, it can run well according to the algorithm created by the researcher. The success rate and accuracy of the detection of the type and maturity of this fruit reach 90%.
      PubDate: 2023-01-07
      DOI: 10.33387/protk.v10i1.5549
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2023)
  • Design of IoT-Based Analog kWh Meter Monitoring

    • Authors: Andi Muhammad Saad, Muhammad Anas Masa, Tanridio Silviati Delfina Abdurrahman, Andi Syarifuddin
      Pages: 52 - 56
      Abstract: The PLN officer in charge of recording kWh meters is sometimes unable to photograph them because men discovered that the houses were unoccupied and their fences were locked. Due to these circumstances, the calculation of the current month’s electricity consumption is equated with the previous month, and customers can be harmed. The purpose of this research is to take a physical photo of the kWh meter showing the electrical power consumption and send it to WhatsApp. Firstly, it needs to set the timer on the DS3231, which determines the date for activating the esp32-cam to take kWh meter pictures and upload them to the server. Next, esp8255 downloads those photos from the server. Finally, esp8255 sends them to the WhatsApp application. In this study, the results were obtained in the form of an Internet of Things (IoT)-based smart home device system. The WhatsApp application is a notification media, taking pictures of analog kWh meters in 3–5 seconds with throughput, reliability, and availability values of 189 bps, 96%, and 95.97%, respectively.
      PubDate: 2023-01-07
      DOI: 10.33387/protk.v10i1.5571
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2023)
  • Design Build a 4x4 Mimo Microstrip Antenna with Artificial Dielectric Muse
           Array Technique to increase Antenna Gain pexisting Application 5G

    • Authors: Ade Silvia Handayani, Aan Sugiyanto, Ciksadan Ciksadan, Jon Endri
      Pages: 57 - 64
      Abstract: The development of fifth-generation cellular technology, commonly referred to as "5G" networks, is believed to be able to maximize data speed access needs. In order to maximize the utilization of the existing 5G network in Indonesia, Telkomsel providers are using a frequency of 2.3 GHz with a bandwidth of 50 MHz. So we need an antenna amplifier that is easy to fabricate and place anywhere to maximize the signal capture range. A microstrip antenna is a suitable antenna for this amplifier. The advantage of this antenna is that it has a light mass and is easy to fabricate. while the drawbacks come in the form of narrow bandwidth and small gains. Therefore, an antenna design with an artificial substrate and array technique was made to overcome this. The design of this microstrip antenna was made in the CST Studio Suite 2019. The design was carried out by entering the antenna dimension values to be simulated and seeing the parameters; if they are not suitable, then they need to be optimized again, and when they are appropriate, the design results are fabricated and printed. In testing the signal capture power using the Xirrus WiFi Inspector, this antenna was able to capture the signal beam, which was 105 meters or 40 meters further than not using the antenna. In addition, from testing, it is known that this antenna has a gain of 16.15 dBi. While in the simulation, it is also known that this antenna has the following characteristics: return loss: -32,353 dB (S11), -32,737 dB (S22), -33,974 dB (S33), -34,423 dB (S44), VSWR: 1,049 (VSWR 1), 1,047 (VSWR 2), 1.040 (VSWR 3), 1.038 (VSWR 4), impedance: 50.7 -111 MHz.
      PubDate: 2023-01-07
      DOI: 10.33387/protk.v10i1.4857
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2023)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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