Publisher: Ziane Achour University of Djelfa   (Total: 1 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

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Management & Economics Research J.     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
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Management & Economics Research Journal
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2676-184X - ISSN (Online) 2710-8856
Published by Ziane Achour University of Djelfa Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Evaluating Starting a Business Indicators Innovation in the World

    • Authors: Antoine Niyungeko
      Pages: 1 - 17
      Abstract: Since 2003, the World Bank has produced an annual report ranking economies based on ease of doing business score. However, little is known whether the improvements made by evaluated economies on starting business indicators are statistically significant as claimed by the World Bank. This study aims to evaluate the extent to which starting business indicators were improved in 145 economies evaluated. Indicators assessed are score-starting a business (SBS), starting a business - procedures -men (SBPM), Starting a business –time-men (SBTM), Starting a Business - Cost - Men (SBCM), starting a business - procedures - women (SBPW), starting a business - Time – Women (SBTW), Starting a Business - Cost - Women (SBCW), and Starting a Business - Paid-in Minimum capital (SBPMC). This study used secondary quantitative data retrieved from the database of the World Bank for the 2004 and 2020 periods. The sample size was made by 145 economies. Wilcoxon-sign-rank-test-paired-sample was computed using the R programming environment. The results of the Wilcoxon-sign-rank-test-paired-sample indicated that the mean differences are statistically different from zero for all indicators except evaluated. This means economies evaluated improved those indicators for 2020 compared to 2004. The study’s findings provide clear insight to policymakers regarding innovations made on the efforts of ease of doing business improvement. Better use of the findings of this study would lead to reducing corruption and increasing formal business, increasing the number of newly registered businesses, generating an increase in business opportunities of starting a new business, and increasing the productivity of companies. This study evaluated whether business regulatory implemented regarding starting a business was statically significant. Future research should be conducted to test empirically the significance of implemented procedures related to other indicators evaluated in doing business reports. This research is novel by testing empirically innovations made in 145 world economies on starting business requirements.
      PubDate: 2022-03-05
      DOI: 10.48100/merj.2022.172
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Reflecting on the Entrepreneurship Paradox in Sub-Saharan Africa

    • Authors: Charles Mwatsika
      Pages: 18 - 37
      Abstract: Entrepreneurship is a strategy for economic growth and it is perceived to be higher in developing countries. But other scholars found that it does not bring economic growth in developing countries. The purpose of the study was to reflect on this paradox in Sub-Saharan Africa from neoclassical economic theory where entrepreneurship is perceived as carrying out innovations. A cross-sectional survey of enterprises was undertaken in Malawi to measure the values of new products, new methods of production, new markets, and new enterprises. Comparison of mean values and 2 independent samples tests were used to analyse innovations carried out, types of entrepreneurial enterprises and their prevalence. The study found that carrying out innovations among enterprises in Malawi is low. Opportunity-motivated, growth-oriented, and limited liability enterprises are entrepreneurial types of enterprises but there were very few. Therefore, the paradox depends on the theory which guides the understanding of entrepreneurship. The classical economic perspective reflects the paradox while the neoclassical economic perspective does not. The study contributes to knowledge on the types of entrepreneurial enterprises and that the paradox depends on the understanding of entrepreneurship. The findings imply that entrepreneurship is ineffective for economic growth in developing countries because of a lack of carrying out innovations. Therefore, the understanding of entrepreneurship in developing countries needs to be adjusted to neoclassical economic theories so that policy focuses on supporting entrepreneurial enterprises for entrepreneurship to be effective for economic growth, ceteris paribus.
      PubDate: 2022-03-05
      DOI: 10.48100/merj.2022.167
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • The Effect of Organizational Culture on Financial Performance: Based on
           Cameron and Quinn Model (CVF)

    • Authors: Ahmed K Elnagar, Ahmed Abdelkawi , Ibrahim Elshaer , Said Salama
      Pages: 38 - 53
      Abstract: The research objective is to investigate the impact of organizational culture (OC) based on the Cameron and Quinn model (The Competing Value Framework) on financial performance (FP) in Egyptian hotels. The research used 5 dimensions (occupancy percentage, average of room rate, RevPAR, average of market share, average of revenue) to measure FP in hotels. Quantitative methods were used to achieve the research objective through the questionnaire. A total of 416 questionnaires were provided to general managers, executive managers, HR managers, and quality managers working in four, five-star hotels in Sharm El Sheikh city 104 hotel in Egypt. The research used three main data analysis techniques such as descriptive analysis, correlation, and multi regression by SPSS V25. Empirical findings showed that OC had a positive effect on the FP of hotels. The research recommends hotels in Egypt to attention to the consolidation of OC types, because of their positive impact on enhancing FP of hotels; promoting organizational values ​​such as fairness, equality, teamwork, and cooperation among employees; enhancing the interest of organizational beliefs such as the human element, job satisfaction, increase rewards and incentives.
      PubDate: 2022-03-05
      DOI: 10.48100/merj.2022.181
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Performance Management Practices and Motivation in Developing Countries: A
           Further Validation of the Public Service Motivation Construct in Ghana

    • Authors: Juliana Abagsonema Abane , Boon-Anan Phinaitrup
      Pages: 54 - 80
      Abstract: The purpose of this study is to test if the local government’s performance management practices are predicted by their employee’s public service motivation levels. Local governments’ performance management practices are effective when their employees are committed and motivated.  Employees whose motivations are unique to public institutions will be committed to both their key performance indicators and the general strategic goals of local governments’ core mission, and the lack of it may be detrimental to the local level management practice. The study used a cross-sectional survey of 850 local government employees in the Greater Accra of Ghana. The method of analysis of the data was multiple regression techniques. The findings suggest that employees’ scores on attraction to policymaking, civic duty, and commitment to the public interest are strongly positively associated with performance management practices. The regression analysis demonstrated that public service motivation subscales combined to predict the variance in the dependent variable. Several studies of performance management research examine utilization and the rational decision-making process in federal governments; however, this study is one of the few to examine performance management practices of local governments and public service motivation theory by showing that employees' public service motivation levels can significantly predict the changes in performance management practices.
      PubDate: 2022-03-05
      DOI: 10.48100/merj.2022.174
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • The Mediating Role of Organizational Commitment between Organizational
           Culture and Job Performance in the Telecommunication Sector

    • Authors: Alaa S. Jameel
      Pages: 81 - 100
      Abstract: This study investigates the impact of organizational culture on job performance and finds the mediating role of organizational commitment among telecommunication employees. The study analysed 476 valid questionnaires collected from the employees in three telecommunication companies located in Erbil, Iraq. However, the data was analysed by Smart-PLS. The results indicated the direct impact of organizational culture on job performance showed a positive and significant impact. besides, the mediating role of organizational commitment can enhance and increase the impact of organizational culture on job performance among employees in the telecommunication sector. Furthermore, individuals in the workplace will exhibit different behaviours due to the deployment of culture-based strategies for behaviour development. Therefore, job performance will increase if individuals and the workplace culture are in sync.
      PubDate: 2022-03-05
      DOI: 10.48100/merj.2022.182
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Information and Communications Technology and the Level of Income in
           Africa

    • Authors: Musa Ilias Biala, Yusuf Toyin Yusuf
      Pages: 101 - 128
      Abstract: The use of electronic equipment for storing, analysing, distributing, or communicating information—popularly known as information and communications technology (ICT)—has been identified as a factor that drives income, economic growth, and development. Because of this, several studies have been carried out to ascertain the effects of ICT on economic growth. However, such studies failed to examine whether real per capita income influences the effect of ICT on income level and whether the effect of ICT on income level differs among regions of African countries. This study, therefore, investigated the effect of ICT on income level. Specifically, it examined whether real per capita income influences the effect of ICT on income level and whether the effect of ICT on income level differs among the sub-regions of African countries. Thus, empirical models were estimated using the panel regression analysis with fixed-effect and random-effect estimators. The results show that ICT proxied by Fixed Telephone Subscription, Mobile Cellular Subscription, Internet Users, Fixed Broadband Subscriptions affected income level in African countries except for Fixed Telephone Subscription and that real income per capita influenced the effect of mobile cellular subscription and internet usage on income level in Africa sub-regions. Furthermore, the study found that the effect of ICT on the level of income differed among African regions and that the effect was larger in Eastern, Southern and Northern African countries than the Middle and Western African countries. Therefore, authorities concerned should consider investment in ICT as a tool or mechanism for enhancing the level of income.
      PubDate: 2022-03-05
      DOI: 10.48100/merj.2022.189
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Impact of Psychopathy and Narcissism on Employees’ Adverse Outcomes: A
           Perspective of Ethical Climate Theory and Threatened-Egotism Model

    • Authors: Muhammad Salman Chughtai, Huma Akram, Tabassum Razzaq, Adeela Rasheed, Rabia Shah
      Pages: 129 - 152
      Abstract: This study examines the impact of psychopathic and narcissist personalities on employees' adverse outcomes. Additionally, this study investigates the intervening mechanism of workplace incivility among the relationship of psychopathic and narcissist personalities and adverse outcomes. Furthermore, the interactive impact of Islamic work values was also tested between the association of workplace incivility and adverse outcomes. Using the purposive sampling technique, data was collected through a survey method from 404 permanent employees of a public sector organization in two different time-lags. PROCESS-macro was used to test indirect, interactive, and moderated mediation effects. The findings of this study confirm the direct effect relationship between that psychopathic and narcissist personalities and employees’ adverse outcomes. Further, this study confirms that workplace incivility indirectly enhances the adverse outcomes of employees. Finally, the study findings revealed that a higher level of Islamic work values reduces the adverse outcomes of the employees having psychopathic and narcissist personality characteristics. We also tested moderated mediation model, which disclosed that a higher level of Islamic work values reduces the negativity level of psychopathic personalities that further decrease the level of counterproductive work behaviors via workplace incivility. However, there was no moderating role of Islamic work values to reduce narcissist personalities' negativity level and reduce counterproductive work behaviors via workplace incivility. The present study by providing information to the management of the public sector organizations on how they can overcome the negative behaviors and outcomes of their workforce through the implementation of the Islamic ethical system. This attempt contributed to ethical climate theory and threatened the egotism model by explaining that negative personality traits predict uncivil behaviors, which further lead to adverse outcomes. This study further contributes that the ethical climate of the organization helps the individuals to overcome the negativity of the personality and negative behaviors as well.
      PubDate: 2022-03-05
      DOI: 10.48100/merj.2022.190
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2022)
       
 
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