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Intl. J. of Human and Health Sciences     Open Access  
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International Journal of Human and Health Sciences
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2523-692X
Published by FIMA Homepage  [1 journal]
  • A Systematic Review on Environmental Factors associated with Autism
           Spectrum Disorder in Bangladesh

    • Authors: Md Shahid Khan; Shafi Mohammad Tareq, Mohammad Alamgir Kabir
      Abstract: Objective: Exposure to different environmental factors appears to be widespread, detrimental to human brain development and a potential risk factor for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We conducted a systematic review on the relationship between environmental factors and ASD in Bangladesh.Methods: This paper reviews the evidence on modifiable environmental factors that have been associated, in some studies, with ASD, including socio-demographic and physical environmental factors exposures during prenatal and postnatal periods. Besides, this review is restricted to human studies with at least 50 cases of ASD, having a valid comparison group, conducted within the past two decades. Moreover, literatures searched using three electronic databases (PubMed, Google Scholar, and Biomed Central) from August 2020 to January 2021, based on the PRISMA guidelines. Literatures screened by two distinguished reviewers (Khan MS; Tareq SM), and resolved differences by consensus and further discussion with third reviewer based on requirements. Then selected the eligible 21 studies based on inclusion criteria’s. Two of the reviewers independently screened articles, extracted data for descriptive information and assessed risk of bias by using the Newcastle-Ottawa scale (NOS).Results: There is no article found with poor quality in NOS. The overall quality of the studies is high. There are strong association between ASD risk and some factors such as advanced maternal age, lead exposure during pregnancy and early childhood, blood Arsenic level of ASD children. Though few factors are related to increased risk of ASD; so far, no specific environmental factor has been found associated with increased risk of ASD with large power of study.Conclusion: There is appears to be a lack of such type of study in developing countries like Bangladesh. Therefore, nationwide widespread research needed to address the modifiable environmental risk factors for ASD.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Vol. 06 No. 03 July’22 Page: 237-248
      PubDate: Mon, 13 Jun 2022 11:12:58 +000
  • Consumption of Fruit Before Meals with Different Glycaemic Index to Lipid
           Profile and Blood Glucose Levels in Overweight Adults

    • Authors: Neldawati Ningrum; Dono Indarto, - Suminah
      Abstract: Background: Overweight increase the risk of non-communicable diseases. Lack of vegetables and fruit intake, and high consumption of sweet, fatty, and fried foods can increase the risk of overweight. Fruit contains high fiber and active compounds useful for controlling lipid profiles and blood glucose control.Objective: To identify the effect of consuming fruit before meals with different glycaemic index (GI) on lipid profiles and fasting blood glucose (FBG) levels in overweight adults.Methods: This experimental research used a pre-post control group design. The participants in this study were 43 overweight adults who were divided into 4 groups, control group, high GI group, moderate GI group, and low GI group. Each treatment group was given fruit with a different GI for 21 days. Measurement of lipid profile and blood glucose was done 3 times on day-1, day-14, and day-21.Results: Consumption of fruit before eating with low GI for 21 days reduced 14.56 mg/dl cholesterol, 30.4 mg/dl triglycerides, 23.55 mg/dl LDL, and 22.33 ml/ dl FBG. The fruit intervention with low GI also increased 3.89 mg/dl HDL.Conclusion: Consumption of fruit with low GI before meals can help control lipid profile and FBG.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Vol. 06 No. 03 July’22 Page: 320-327
      PubDate: Mon, 13 Jun 2022 11:12:58 +000
  • The Effectiveness of Education on Handwashing with a Donkey Bridge to
           Increase Knowledge and Attitudes about Handwashing for Students at the
           Integrated Islamic Senior High School in Kotagede

    • Authors: Yogyakarta Kusbaryanto
      Abstract: Background: Hand washing is one of the most effective ways to prevent the spread of infectious diseases, both in hospitals and in everyday life. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effectiveness of education about hand washing with a donkey bridge to increase knowledge and attitudes about hand washing in Islamic Terpadu High School students in Kotagede Yogyakarta.Material and Method: This research is a quantitative analytic study with a quasi-experimental research design with a pre-test and post-test group design approach (Polit and Hungler, 1999). The respondents of this study only consisted of the treatment group without the control group. Wilcoxon nonparametric statistical analysis. Data was collected using a questionnaire, ethical approval from the Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences UMY.Result and Discussion: The results of the statistical test of the difference between pre-test and post-test knowledge about hand washing in the control group obtained a p-value of 0.406 (p> 0.05), there was no difference between the results of the pre-test and post-test on the knowledge of respondents about hand-washing. The results of the statistical test of the difference between the pre test and post test of hand washing attitudes in the treatment group obtained a p value of 0.017 (p < 0.05), this result was significant and there was a significant difference between the results of the pre test and post test on attitudes about hand washing in respondents.Conclusion: Education about hand washing with a donkey bridge is effective in increasing knowledge and attitudes about hand washing in IT SMA students in Kota Gede, YogyakartaInternational Journal of Human and Health Sciences Vol. 06 No. 03 July’22 Page: 328-331
      PubDate: Mon, 13 Jun 2022 11:12:58 +000
  • Dilemma Behind Post-Spinal Tetraplegia: Is Conversion Disorder Really the

    • Authors: Farah Nasreen; Atif Khalid, Sobia Manaal Siddiqui, Mohd Ahsan
      Abstract: The occurrence of intra-operative conversion disorder with tetraplegia in a patient undergoing emergency appendectomy under spinal anaesthesia has been described in this case report. A 19-year-old female patient was given spinal anaesthesia for an emergency appendectomy. She had a block up to the T10 level as per assessment. Following confirmation of sensory and motor blockade level, the patient became apnoeic and appeared to stop responding abruptly. Her vitals remained constant except for tachycardia. She was taken on bag and mask ventilation and preparation for endotracheal intubation was underway. The patient began to respond again after a few minutes of continual stimulation and bag mask ventilation. Rest of the perioperative period was uneventful. Postoperative psychiatry consultation was done, and she was diagnosed as a case of conversion disorder.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Vol. 06 No. 03 July’22 Page: 332-334
      PubDate: Mon, 13 Jun 2022 11:12:58 +000
  • A Rare Case of A Primary Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Rectum

    • Authors: Mohamed Hajri; Wael Ferjaoui, Ghofrane Talbi, Sahir Omrani, Seifeddine Baccouche, Lasaad Gharbi, Hafedh Mestiri, Rached Bayar, Dhouha Bacha, Sana ben Slama
      Abstract: Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the gastrointestinal tract is uncommon and usually involves the esophagus or the anal canal. More than 90% of tumors arising the colorectal region are adenocarcinomas. SCC is exceedingly rare accounting for 0.1 to 0.25 % of all colorectal malignancies. Due to its rarity and the lack of literature in this regard, and etiology and pathogenesis also remain obscure. However, we report here a rare case of squamous cell carcinoma of the rectum in a 68-year-old womanwith no known comorbidities except a history of asthenia, loss of appetite and change in bowel habits for the last three months with 10 kg of weight loss over the last two months.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Vol. 06 No. 03 July’22 Page: 335-337
      PubDate: Mon, 13 Jun 2022 11:12:58 +000
  • Supratentorial Extra-axial Ependymoma: A Rare Radiological Mimic of Cystic

    • Authors: Fattah Rahiman Ghazali; Ahmad Hadif Zaidin Samsudin1
      Abstract: Ependymoma is commonly an intra-axial infratentorial tumour affecting paediatric age group. We report a rare case of supratentorial extra-axial ependymoma in a teenager who presented with worsening headache and mild cognitive impairment. Previously, only few of such cases have been reported in the literature. However, in the last decade, there has been increasing number of this rare entity represented as a solid-cystic mass. In this report, we discuss the radiological features as we think it is mimicking a cystic meningioma and recommend that ependymoma should be considered in the diagnosis of a solid-cystic extra-axial lesion especially when located supratentorially.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Vol. 06 No. 03 July’22 Page: 338-341
      PubDate: Mon, 13 Jun 2022 11:12:58 +000
  • Head and Neck Manifestations of Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (GPA)
           Mimicking as Carcinoma

    • Authors: Wan Ahmad Amiruddin Wan Hassan; Iylia Ajmal Othman, Azliana Abd Fuaat, Wan Ishlah Leman, Dinsuhaimi Sidek
      Abstract: Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) is a rare small vessel vasculitis mainly affecting the upper airway, ocular, renal and pulmonary systems. Its histopathological hallmark is presence of granulomatous inflammation and presence of circulating anti-neutrophil cytoplasm antibodies (c-ANCA) serologically. Most patients with GPA presented with ENT manifestations as their initial or only presentation. As it can mimic other infectious, allergic, and inflammatory diseases, delay in diagnosis is inevitable. A rapid clinical course of the disease may also mimic malignant disease, leading to misdiagnosis. We are reporting a case of a 52-year-old Malay male, who presented to our center with one month history of progressively worsening nasal blockage associated with blood-stained nasal discharge. His initial diagnosis of nasal septum squamous cell carcinoma was disputed from repeated biopsy. Given the multi-organs involvement of the disease, pathognomonic histopathological findings and C-ANCA positivity, the diagnosis of Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) was made.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Vol. 06 No. 03 July’22 Page: 342-347
      PubDate: Mon, 13 Jun 2022 11:12:58 +000
  • Towards Techno-human: A Brief History of Artificial Limbs and Organs

    • Authors: Tayyibe Bardakçı
      Abstract: Background: The ‘techno-human’, which is the result of combining the human body with a machine or device which we have been made familiar with through science fiction movies, is frequently perceived as a distant and futuristic concept. However, when we examine history, we realize that the techno-human is not a phenomenon unique to the future or the present, but rather has a long and significant history dating all the way back to antiquity.Objective: This study aims to detail the progression of techno-humans from antiquity to the present, by focusing on the historical development of artificial limbs and organs.Methods: In this study, a literature review ranging from the earliest examples of the human body meeting technology to today’s complex and functional artificial limb and organ technologies was conducted, and the information gathered through retrospective review of primary and secondary sources was evaluated.Results and Discussion: It is seen that people who lost their limbs as a result of amputation or disease have been using prostheses, albeit primitive, since ancient times. Today, advances in technology such as CAD/CAM and 3D printer technologies enable the production of prostheses from lighter materials and at a faster rate. Contrary to the long history of artificial limbs dating to antiquity, the development of artificial organs only began recently, during the 20th century. Artificial limbs and organs, with the use of more advanced technology, have the potential to be utilized for human enhancement in the future.Conclusion: While prostheses, implants, and complexly built artificial organs make the human body more technological and less biological, a new stage in the biography of the techno-human in which ‘enhancement’ rather than ‘treatment’ is at the forefront pushes the limits.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Vol. 06 No. 03 July’22 Page: 249-257
      PubDate: Mon, 13 Jun 2022 11:12:57 +000
  • Parents’ Perception Towards the National COVID-19 Immunisation Programme
           for Children (PICKids): A Cross-sectional, Internet-Based Survey

    • Authors: Ishak Mas’ud; Surina Mohamad Shafi, Mohd Zulkifli Awang, Nurul Aisyah Amir Ramli, Izzati Aminah Subhan
      Abstract: The Ministry of Health Malaysia’s (MOH) National COVID-19 Immunisation Programme for Children (PICKids) is a public health initiative aimed at achieving herd immunity and prevent illness among Malaysian children. The COVID-19 outbreak and the efficacy of the COVID-19 immunisation programme for children are facing tremendous stress among parents. The purpose of this study was to see how parents in Klang Valley, Malaysia viewed and accepted the COVID-19 vaccination for their children. Parents were distributed a set of questionnaires over social media via Qualtrics XM. A simple random sampling technique was used to choose the participants. The total number of participants in the study was 88, with 30 males (34.09%) and 58 females (65.91%). The findings show a statistically significant correlation between parents’ knowledge of COVID-19 and their willingness to vaccinate their children.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Vol. 06 No. 03 July’22 Page: 258-268
      PubDate: Mon, 13 Jun 2022 11:12:57 +000
  • Predictive factors for severe COVID-19 infection in Terengganu state of

    • Authors: Hafizuddin Awang; Mohd Hanief Ahmad, Kamarul Azhar Mohamed, Azmani Wahab, Norafidah Abdul Rashid, Hasnan Arwit, Mohd Anuar Abd Rahman, Kasemani Embong
      Abstract: Background: COVID-19 has a varied clinical presentation and may progress to severe form which could be fatal. Determination of risk factors for severe infection would be beneficial in averting COVID-19 mortality in Terengganu setting.Materials and Methods: A casecontrol study between mild and severe COVID-19 groups was conducted in Terengganu state from 1st March 2020 until 31st January 2021 based on retrospective record review. Individuals with laboratory RT-PCR confirmed positive test for COVID-19 were included as study samples. Descriptive statistics, simple and multiple logistic regression analyses were employed for statistical analysis.Results: There were 2142 COVID-19 cases in Terengganu during the studied period. The proportion of severe COVID-19 infection was 2.1% (95%CI: 0.01, 0.03). Among the severe COVID-19 cases, their mean (±SD) age was 52 (±16) and majority of them were male (59.1%) and had comorbidity (56.8%). The common symptoms among severe COVID-19 cases included fever (68.2%), cough (63.6%), coryza (22.7%), sore throat (13.6%) and anosmia (11.4%). Multiple logistic regression revealed older age, presence of comorbidity, having symptoms of fever, cough and anosmia as the significant associated factors for severe COVID-19 with adjusted odds ratio (AOR) of 1.07 (95%CI: 1.03, 1.11), p<0.001; AOR 5.97 (95%CI: 2.09, 17.01), p=0.001; AOR 4.78 (95%CI: 1.63, 14.05), p=0.004; AOR 4.81 (95%CI: 1.70, 13.60), p=0.003; and AOR 8.39 (95%CI: 1.39, 50.33), p=0.020,respectively.Conclusion: Knowing the predictive factors for severe COVID-19 would facilitate clinicians in timely identification of high-risk cases for delivering prompt treatment and intervention.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Vol. 06 No. 03 July’22 Page: 269-274
      PubDate: Mon, 13 Jun 2022 11:12:57 +000
  • Haematological Profile of Preterm Neonates:An Experience of A Specialized
           Tertiary Hospital in Dhaka, Bangladesh

    • Authors: Asmay Jahan; Nazmun Nahar, Afroza Akhter, Mukta Sarker, Fahmida Rahman
      Abstract: Background: A complete blood count(CBC) elements that are abnormally high or low can influence our clinical decisions. However, the reference ranges for the various CBC elements in neonates change considerably in respect to gestational age.Objective: To observe and correlate gestational agerelated changes in the haematological profileof the preterm neonates.Methods: This cross-sectional, prospective study was conducted between July 2007 and January 2008 in collaboration between Department of Paediatrics and Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology of Bangladesh Institute of Research and Rehabilitation in Diabetes, Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders (BIRDEM) Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh. A total of 49 preterm newborns of different gestational age (28 males and 21 females) included in this study.They were divided into three groups based on their gestational age: group I (30 weeks; n=11), group II (31-33 weeks; n=17) and group III (34-36 weeks; n=21). Within 48 hours of delivery, 1 ml venous blood was collected from each neonate and was sent to the Department of Clinical Pathology of the same hospital. Complete blood count (CBC) was done by using Abbott’s Cell-Dyn 3200 Automated Hematology Analyzer.Results: Significant differences were observed in total count of RBC, WBC, and platelet among those three groups. However, differential count of WBC, heamoglobin level, and haematocrit value among those three groups showed no significant differences (P>0.05). Gestational age showed a positive correlation with total count of RBC (r=0.216; P<0.05). Gestational age had also a positive correlation with neutrophil (r=0.448; P<0.001). Besides, gestational age was negatively correlated with lymphocyte (r=-0.389; P<0.001) However, gestational age did not bear any correlation with total count of WBC, monocyte, and eosinophil. Finally, gestational age was found to bear a positive correlation with heamoglobin level (r=0.412; P<0.001) and haematocrit value (r=0.382; P<0.001).Conclusion: Our data suggest that differences exist in different haematological parameters among preterm neonates of different gestational age.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Vol. 06 No. 03 July’22 Page: 275-279
      PubDate: Mon, 13 Jun 2022 11:12:57 +000
  • Foot Self-Care Behaviours and the Level of Perceived Risk of Amputation in
           Type 2 Diabetes

    • Authors: Havva Sert; Feride Taşkın Yılmaz, Azime Karakoc Kumsar, Fatma Can Öztürk
      Abstract: Background: Diabetic foot which is one of the complications of diabetes may develop in parallel with the frequency of diabetes.Objective: To determine the factors affecting foot self-care behaviours and amputation risk perception levels in individuals with type 2 diabetes.Methods: The descriptive and correlational study included 157 individuals who had been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes for at least six months and had no previous diabetic foot and previous amputation history. The data were obtained by using patient diagnosis form, Foot Self-care Behaviour Scale and perceived risk of amputation evaluation form.Results: The total score of the participants from the Foot Self-Care Behaviour Scale was found to be below the mean value (37.95±8.93). It was determined that individuals, who had the disease for more than ten years and were informed on the disease, foot health and care by physician or nurse, had better foot care behaviours (p<0.05). The average amputation risk perception evaluation score was found to be very low (4.87±10.08) and 61.8% stated that they had no risk for amputation. In addition, no significant difference was found between the glycemic control parameters and the amputation risk perception levels of the individuals (p>0.05).Conclusion: It was determined that the individuals did not have good foot self-care behaviours, that disease duration and being informed on foot self-care affected foot self-care behaviours and that their amputation risk perception level was very low.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Vol. 06 No. 03 July’22 Page: 280-288
      PubDate: Mon, 13 Jun 2022 11:12:57 +000
  • Relationship between Peer Influence and Consumption of Sugar-Sweetened
           Beverages in Adolescents

    • Authors: Dina Pamarta; - Suminah, - Sumardiyono
      Abstract: Background: Consumption of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages (SSBs) in Indonesia among adolescents is high at 72%. Nevertheless, identical adolescent behaviour is to be accepted by the peer group.Peer groups have a high probability of influencing the consumption of adolescents.Objective: To determine the relationship between peer influence and consumption of SSBs in adolescents.Methods: The study employed an observational design with a cross-sectional approach. The sample consisted of 115 senior high schoolsstudents in the Surakarta area. Peer data collection and consumption of SSBs were conducted by filling out online questionnaires independently by adolescents. After data collection, analysis was done using Chi-square test.Results: Our data showed that there is a relationship between peer influence and consumption of SSBs with value (p=0.000).Conclusion: Peer influence is an important factor in consumption of SSBs in adolescents.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Vol. 06 No. 03 July’22 Page: 289-291
      PubDate: Mon, 13 Jun 2022 11:12:57 +000
  • Association of Admission Glucose Level with Arrythmia and Heart Failure in
           Hyperglycemic Patients with Non-ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction

    • Authors: Md Tariqul Islam Khan; Mahmood Hasan Khan, Mariya Tabassum, Mahadi Hassan, SM Tarique Mahmud, Farhana Naznen
      Abstract: Background: Observetion of admission blood glucose level in non-ST elevation myocardial infarction is crucial to predict its outcome.Objective: To find out correlation of plasma glucose level with adverse events like arrythmia and heart failure in hyperglycemic patients with non-STsegment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI).Methods: This prospective analytical study was conducted in the Department of Cardiology, Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh, Bangladesh, between June 2016 and May 2017. A total of 130 (95 males and 35 females) patients having NSTEMI participated in the study. Detail history was taken and physical examination was done. Venous blood samples were obtained from all patients to determine their cardiac troponins, plasma blood glucose, HbA1C, lipid profile, serum creatinine, and other cardiac enzymes. Then, the study participants were categorized into two groups. A total of 67 included (44 males and 23 females) in Group I, as having NSTEMI with plasma glucose level 7.8-9.3 mmol/l. In Group II, 63 were included (51 males and 12 females) having NSTEMI with plasma glucose level ≥9.4 mmol/l. Follow up was done according to the standard protocol,i.e. serial ECG, echocardiography, monitoring pulse, blood pressure, and auscultation of the lungs’ base.Results: The mean age of the patients was 49.68±3.12 years. Incidence of arrhythmia was observed in 4(5.97%) and 20(31.75%) cases in group I and group II respectively, while heart failure was found in 6(8.96%) and 48(76.19%) cases respectively (P<0.001). A statistically significant moderate negative correlation with medium strength of association (r = -0.056) was observed between heart failure (as measured by LVEF and clinical status) and admission plasma glucose levels of the study participants suggesting that the higher was admission plasma glucose level (8.27±1.03 vs. 13.34±3.65; P<0.001),the lower was the LVEF (54.19±7.13 vs. 44.21±7.36; P<0.001), i.e. higher risks of heart failure. Conclusion: A higher admission plasma glucose level relates to a lower LVEF,i.e. higher incidence of arrythmia and heart failure in non ST-elevation MI patients.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Vol. 06 No. 03 July’22 Page: 292-297
      PubDate: Mon, 13 Jun 2022 11:12:57 +000
  • Evaluation of Oral Health Status Among Pregnant Women Using Oral Hygiene
           Index- Simplified (OHI-S) Score

    • Authors: Sabrina Farida Chowdhury; Md Nazrul Islam, Sadia Akther Sony
      Abstract: Background: Oral health of women is often neglected during pregnancy. We need to address this issue in a developing country’s perspective,as oral healthcare is not an integral part of antenatal protocols.Objective: To evaluate the oral health status of pregnant women using Oral Hygiene Index-Simplified (OHI-S) Score as well as explore oral hygiene practice by them and conduct a mini-assessment of their knowledge of oral health.Methods: This cross-sectional, descriptive study was conducted using data by using a semi-structured questionnaire among 170 pregnant women attending an antenatal center in Dhaka city, Bangladesh,from March to August of 2018. A pre-tested semi structured questionnaire containing OHI-S indexwas used for data collection. Dental mirror and probe were used for oral hygiene assessment.Results: The mean age of the participants was 24.22±5.07 years. 140(82.4%) were found to use toothbrushes as a tooth-cleaning aid and 146(85.9%) used toothpaste as a tooth cleaning material. Among them, 132(94.3%) were found to brush at least once a day. The predominant health problems identified by clinical examination among those pregnant women were gum bleeding, mild to severe periodontitis, halitosis (bad breath) and loose teeth. The majority didnot know the safe period of dental treatment and the consequences of having poor oral health during pregnancy. The overall oral hygiene status of the maximum pregnant women was ‘Fair’ (50.6%) (OHI-S score 0-1.2), while 39.4% had ‘Poor’ oral hygiene status (OHI-S score 1.3-3.0) and only 10% had ‘Good’ oral hygiene status (OHI-S score 3.1-6.9).Conclusion: Pregnant women in Bangladesh suffer from various oral health issues during pregnancy; however, they exhibit that they do not address this issue due to lack of awareness and other factors. Hence, it is crucial to plan and implement effective oral health programmes for pregnant women all over the country.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Vol. 06 No. 03 July’22 Page: 298-303
      PubDate: Mon, 13 Jun 2022 11:12:57 +000
  • Mothers’ Knowledge on Neonatal Jaundice attending a Neonatal Intensive
           Care Unit of a Tertiary Care Hospital in Dhaka, Bangladesh

    • Authors: Sharmin Afroze; Ruma Parvin, Rabeya Chaklader Sudha, MF Abiduzzaman, ANM Ehtesham Kabir
      Abstract: Background: Neonatal jaundice is one of the commonest conditions which require hospital admission in newborns.Objective:To assess the baseline knowledge and attitude of mothers about jaundice in newborn who attended Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) of a tertiary care hospital.Methods:This descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted on 324 mothers who attended the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU)of Dr. M R Khan Shishu (Children) Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh, with their sick neonates. A face-to-face interview was done based on a pre-designed structured questionnaire.Results:Mean age of the respondents was 26.17±4.93 years. Most of them (76%) have heard about neonatal jaundice before the survey. Forty two percent mothers thought that it is a mild condition and does not require treatment (45%). Sunlight is the known treatment by most of mothers (65%).Conclusion: There is a serious knowledge gap among mothers regarding the perception, severity and treatment of neonatal jaundice. Education program is needed for pregnant women to increase awareness on this important neonatal issue.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Vol. 06 No. 03 July’22 Page: 304-308
      PubDate: Mon, 13 Jun 2022 11:12:57 +000
  • Study of Correlation Between Length of Ulna and Body Height Among Delta
           State University Students in Nigeria

    • Authors: OA Udi; Okoro Ogheneyebrorue Godswill, H Ovie, LE Chris Ozoko
      Abstract: Background:The height of an individual is one of the most important parameters contributing greatly to the process of identification of a person from their skeletal remains and it is dependent greatly on the age, race, gender, body composition and nutrition of the person.Objective: The study aims to correlate between body height and subcutaneous ulnar length among Delta State University students and to see if any difference exists between right and left ulnar lengths.Methods: A total of 240(105males and 135females) studentsfrom Delta State University, Abraka, Delta State, Nigeria,aged between 20 and 33 years, without any known disability participated in this study.Results:The mean age was22.81±2.43. The mean body height and ulna length of adult male were significantly higher than the adult females. Positive correlation was found between total body height and ulna length of 0.50.Conclusion:Our data suggest a definitive and strong correlation between the body height and ulnar length.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Vol. 06 No. 03 July’22 Page: 309-312
      PubDate: Mon, 13 Jun 2022 11:12:57 +000
  • Effect of Movement Control Order to Emergency Department Visit in A
           Teaching University Hospital in Malaysia During COVID-19

    • Authors: Wong Chui King; Mohd Johar Jaafar, Mohd Rizal Haji Manaf, Mohd Hisham Isa, Ismail Mohd Saiboon
      Abstract: Background: Implementation of lockdown was identified as a factor that affects the utilization of Emergency Department (ED) globally during COVID-19 pandemic.Objective: To compare the ED utilization rate based on different triage acuity during movement control order (MCO) of COVID-19 pandemic at a teaching university hospital in the capital of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur.Methods: This retrospective study included patients presented to ED during MCO i.e. March 18 to June 9 of 2020) and a similar period of pre-pandemic for comparison. Patients were randomized and segregated to different triage categories. Other outcomes determined include demographics, comorbidities, type of cases, mode of arrival and disposition. The data were analysed using chi-square test.Results: Distribution of cases based on triage acuity were consistent between MCO and pre-pandemic period (p=0.063). Lowest triage acuity (TG), had the highest utilization, followed by second triage acuity (TY) and finally highest triage acuity (TR). For TG, adult and elderly (p<0.001), married (p<0.001) and presence of comorbidities groups (p<0.001) were the main presenters and were more likely to require admission during MCO (p=0.01). The TY categories were higher amongst adult and elderly (p<0.001) and married individuals (p=0.003) during MCO. Paediatric age-group was significantly low in both lower triage acuity categories. In term of ambulance arrival, majority of patients belongs to the TY acuity category (p=0.005). TR category patients did not demonstrate significant changes.Conclusion: MCO implementation during COVID-19 pandemic did not change the rate of patient presentation based on triage acuity. However, pattern of cases in the lower triage acuity showed some differences.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Vol. 06 No. 03 July’22 Page: 313-319
      PubDate: Mon, 13 Jun 2022 11:12:57 +000
  • Continuous Assessment in Undergraduate Medical EducationTowards
           Objectivity and Standardization

    • Authors: Abdus Salam; Rabeya Yousuf, Rajaa Fahad Allhiani, Jamaludin Zainol
      Abstract: Abstract not availableInternational Journal of Human and Health Sciences Vol. 06 No. 03 July’22 Page: 233-236
      PubDate: Mon, 13 Jun 2022 11:12:56 +000
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