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Journal of Environmental and Agricultural Studies
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2710-1401
Published by Al-Kindi Center for Research and Development Homepage  [14 journals]
  • Community Building: An Exploration of the Path in Traditional Village
           Conservation and Renewal with an Example of Yim Tin Tze in Hong Kong

    • Authors: Jialu Li
      Pages: 01 - 06
      Abstract: Traditional villages are the excellent gene bank of Chinese civilization, carrying rich traditional historical and cultural information. As China's rural development undergoes a structural change, it is more crucial than ever to rediscover the preservation and rejuvenation of traditional villages for both human and social development. This paper examines the restoration project and practice of Yim Tin Tze in Sai Kung District, Hong Kong, and combines it with the theoretical framework of the community creation concept and desk research. The objective of the study is to explore the rationality of the current development in Yim Tin Tze and analyze the feasibility of achieving sustainable development in the future. The results of the study revealed that there are kinds of resources in the parts of “people, culture, location, landscape, production”, but it still has a long way to go.
      PubDate: 2022-09-08
      DOI: 10.32996/jeas.2022.3.3.1
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • The Cultivation Path of New Professional Farmers: A Grounded Theory
           Research Based on Field Data in Western Hunan

    • Authors: Xiaofei Ma
      Pages: 07 - 18
      Abstract: "New type of professional farmers" is a research hotspot in the current "Three Rural Issues" and an important issue in the study of farmers' sustainable development. In order to better provide a clear path analysis for the cultivation of "new professional farmers" in ethnic areas. Using exploratory research to conduct in-depth interviews with 36 farmers participating in the training and management training personnel, based on the grounded theory to theoretically construct the specific content of "new professional farmers training", to answer the new professional farmers in ethnic areas using the Xiangxi region as field data Where to nurture' This will help enhance the confidence in revitalizing peasant talents in rural areas in ethnic areas and then establish a new model for cultivating peasant talents in rural areas.
      PubDate: 2022-09-12
      DOI: 10.32996/jeas.2022.3.3.2
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Analysis of Landscape Characteristics of Lingnan Private Gardens from the
           Perspective of Landscape Gene: Tangjiawan Park in Zhuhai as an Example

    • Authors: Junxin Song
      Pages: 19 - 28
      Abstract: According to the theory of the landscape gene, the index system of the landscape gene of Zhuhai Paradise is constructed, and the characteristics of the landscape gene are identified and extracted to analyze the cultural landscape characteristics of Zhuhai Paradise. The purpose is to understand and protect the landscape gene of Zhuhai Paradise from the perspective of cultural geography, expand the application field and content system of landscape gene theory, and provide a scientific basis for the preservation and protection of historical relics and tourism development of Zhuhai Paradise.
      PubDate: 2022-09-17
      DOI: 10.32996/jeas.2022.3.3.3
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Rice Market Spatial Integration during Covid-19 in Indonesia

    • Authors: Nur Asita Ariga YS, Sahara Sahara , Ratna Winandi Asmarantaka
      Pages: 29 - 38
      Abstract: Restrictive policies during the Covid-19 pandemic have significantly disrupted the distribution of trade between regions in Indonesia. The availability of production and affordability of prices is essential to always pay attention to during the Covid-19 period, especially for rice commodities, whose role is very strategic. Rice price stabilization will be more effective and efficient in an integrated market. This study aims to analyze the disparity of rice prices before and during Covid-19 and the spatial integration of the rice market in Indonesia. The data used is the daily price of rice at the consumer level from August 1, 2018, to August 31, 2021. The analysis area consists of 12 reference provinces, and the rest are assumed to be followers. The method used in this research is Johansen Cointegration, Causality, and Vector Error Correction Model (VECM). The results showed that the inter-provincial rice marketing system in Indonesia in terms of price efficiency had already occurred. This can be seen from the results of the study, which show that the disparity in rice prices is not significant even during the Covid-19 period, and price transmission has been well integrated throughout the province in the long term. Meanwhile, in the short term, the deficit reference provinces, namely Jakarta and Papua, are more integrated with other provinces than surplus provinces. This allows rice supply from the surplus market to be very important in determining the price of rice in the two provinces. The adjustment rate to the average equilibrium price is 0.0086% per day, so the total adjustment time is three months and 26 days. Meanwhile, when Covid-19 occurred, the average adjustment rate was 0.00078% per day, so the total adjustment time was prolonged during Covid-19 by 1282 days or three years and six months. The results also show that East Java, West Java, Central Java, South Sulawesi, Riau, Papua, and DKI Jakarta are reference markets that can determine prices in other provinces while other provinces become follower markets.
      PubDate: 2022-09-28
      DOI: 10.32996/jeas.2022.3.3.4
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Physicochemical Charastaristics of Leather Goat Quality from less Tanning
           Process

    • Authors: Dhea Try Anggraeny, Khothibul Umam Al Awwaly , Abdul Manab
      Pages: 39 - 49
      Abstract: This research is to determine the percentage of chromium and the type of solvent in terms of the physicochemical quality of wet blue and leather from the waterless tanning process. This research was carried out from November 2021 to February 2022 at the Laboratory of the Yogyakarta Center for Leather, Rubber, and Plastics. The research method used was a Nested Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with 2-factor nested patterns, Factor 1 is percentage of chromium (A = 3%, B = 4% and C = 5%) and factor 2 namely different types of solvents (L1 = Water, L2 = Ethanol and L3 = acetone) with 3 replications. The materials used in this study were Etawa crossbreed goat skin and chromium, and the type of solvents was water, ethanol, and acetone. The variables observed were the physicochemical quality of the finished leather (stricter strength, tensile strength, elongation at break, moisture content, total chromium, ash content, fat content, and pH). The data obtained from the results of the research were analyzed using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) if there were significantly different results obtained, followed by Duncan's Multiple Range Test (DMRT). On the physicochemical quality of the finished leather (leather), the results of this study showed that the type of solvent had a very significant difference (P < 0.01) in the physicochemical quality of the leather except for pH. The percentage of chromium nested in the type of solvent showed a very significant difference (P<0.01) in the quality of the finished leather. Based on the results of the research, the percentage of chromium nested in the type of solvent was about SNI 2981:2009; from this study, it can be concluded that Phase I research had the physicochemical quality of finished leather with an average stricter strength of 14.40 N/ cm2, tensile strength 15.40 N/cm2, elongation at break 54.32%, water content 4.76%, total chromium 3.64%, ash content 4.62%, fat content 2.44% and pH 4.41.
      PubDate: 2022-10-13
      DOI: 10.32996/jeas.2022.3.3.5
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Effect of Various Types of Organic Mulch on Growth and Yield of Soybean
           (Glycine max L. Merril) Anjasmoro Variety

    • Authors: Aplina dwi Wahyuni, Dewi Hastuti, Alfu Laila
      Pages: 50 - 57
      Abstract: Cultivation of soybean is currently planted using ground cover as a solution to increase crop productivity. So it is necessary to research the effect of various types of organic mulch on the growth and yield of soybeans (Glycine max L. Merril). This study aims to determine the effect of various types of organic mulch on the growth and yield of soybeans (Glycine max L. Merril). This study was laid out in Randomized Block Design 1 factor, which was composed of 6 levels, with 5 replications, so there are 30 experimental units. There was no mulch, rice straw mulch, coconut coir powder mulch, bamboo leaf litter mulch, wood sawdust mulch, and rice husk mulch. The application during soybean cultivation observed parameters were plant height (cm), number of leaves (leaves), fresh header weight (g), fresh root weight (g), root dry weight (g), root dry header (g), number of pods (fruit), pod weight (g), and weight of 100 seeds (g). Rice straw mulch affected the growth and yield of soybeans on plant height 5-6 weeks after planting with average (40.95; 49.18 cm), header fresh weight (43.04g), number of pods (71.40 fruit), and pod weight (36.02g).
      PubDate: 2022-10-28
      DOI: 10.32996/jeas.2022.3.3.6
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Environmental Risk Analysis of Final Processing Sites (TPA) Using the
           Integrated Risk Based Approach (IRBA) Method: A Case Study of TPA with
           Landfill Control System

    • Authors: Andi Nurwidiyah Muchtar, Badrus Age, Budi Prasetyo Samadikun
      Pages: 58 - 65
      Abstract: The place processing end (TPA) Ussu is located in Ussu village, Malili, East Luwu district, South Sulawesi Province. It has been operated since 2015 with a 4 ha land area and serves 5 districts, namely Malili, Angkona, Wasuponda, Towuti, and Noah. In 2019, this landfill was diverted into a system control landfill, but the implementation is still a conventional use system of open dumping. The system has a high risk for the environment, such as water pollution, soil consequence leachate, air pollution that is caused by methane gas, the emergence of disease, and the risk of landfill fire. Risk analysis is required to describe the risk toward the environment from certain activities. The study is conducted to evaluate the risk to the environment from the operational place processing end (TPA) in Ussu. The research method used is the integrated risk-based approach (IRBA) method. The experimental parameters are in the form of 20 TPA criteria parameters, four characteristics of landfill waste, and leachate parameters. Research results show that TPA Ussu scored 477.54 in the category evaluation danger ' medium ' level. The indicator has shown there are risks toward the environment at a medium level. This caused the landfill's age to be still young and hence required rehabilitation based on conditions in the field with repair system operational landfill control by gradually reducing or lowering danger risk environment.
      PubDate: 2022-11-08
      DOI: 10.32996/jeas.2022.3.3.7
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Assessing the effects of Different Biofertilizer Levels on Dry-weight of
           Wheat and Barley Cultivars at Maturity Stage

    • Authors: Ahmad Farid Farid, Ahmad Munir Amini, Fazl Rabi Azizi, Sebghatullah Rashid Rasoli
      Pages: 66 - 71
      Abstract: The current study was conducted to investigate the effect of biofertilizers on some physiological and agronomical characteristics of different varieties of wheat and barley at the physiological maturity stage in 2021 at the new campus of Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources. The experiment was a Completely Randomized Factorial Design with two factors; the first factor was the inoculation of biofertilizer at three levels (Barvar-2, Actinomycetes, Barvar-2 + Actinomycetes), and the second factor was wheat and barley at 14 levels (eight varieties of wheat: Marwarid, Gonbad, Karim, Ihsan, Darya, N-91-8, N-91-9, and N-91-17 and six varieties of barley: Mahor, Torkman, Sahra, Boomy, Yusuf, and Lukht) all with three replications. Results indicated that the effect of genotype on all the traits considered in this study (leaf dry weight, stem, root, shoot, and total) was significant at a 1% level of confidence and that barley (Boomy and Sahra cultivars) had higher amounts of dry weight. On the other hand, biofertilizer did not reveal a significant effect on the traits; however, the interaction of genotype and biofertilizer indicated a significant effect on the dry weight of roots, and the highest amount was found in Marwarid genotype and actinomycetes experiment.
      PubDate: 2022-12-03
      DOI: 10.32996/jeas.2022.3.3.8
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Modernization Measures for Sustainable Development of Alpine Grassland
           Husbandry on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau: An Example of Countermeasures to
           Pasture Degradation

    • Authors: Ziang Chai, Yuxiao Ren, Yuwei Cao
      Pages: 72 - 77
      Abstract: The Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, also known as the "third pole of the world", consists of widespread alpine grasslands, and the local community has taken advantage of this natural condition to develop alpine grassland livestock farming. In recent years, climate change and irrational human activities have led to serious degradation of the alpine grasslands on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, which has constrained the development of traditional grassland husbandry. In order to promote the ecological protection of the plateau and improve the livelihood of the people in this region, the traditional grassland livestock industry needs to be transformed and upgraded. The Qinghai-Tibet Plateau should study and reasonably learn from efficient modern pastoralism and development measures such as grass farming and migrant urbanization in the USA, Australia, and Northern Europe. Due to the special peculiarities of the natural environment and the limitations of the local socio-economic conditions, this essay combines the local natural and humanistic environment of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau region and proposes modern measures such as grass-based storage, grazing in specific areas, and ecological migration to realize the sustainable development of alpine grassland animal husbandry, which is conducive to promote regional high quality development.
      PubDate: 2022-12-19
      DOI: 10.32996/jeas.2022.3.3.9
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 3 (2022)
       
 
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