Journal Cover
Journal of Medical and Health Studies
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2710-1452
Published by Al-Kindi Center for Research and Development Homepage  [14 journals]
  • Mission Possible, Hymen Imperforate from Imperfect to Become Perfect: A
           Case Report

    • Authors: Edward Dian Suwito, Rian Adi Pamungkas, Yudianto Budi Saroyo
      Pages: 01 - 06
      Abstract: Imperforated hymen is a rare presentation in peripubertal girls. Imperforate hymen is the most common obstructive congenital abnormality of the female genital tract. Despite being the most common malformation in the female genital system, imperforate hymen is uncommon. It often emerges at puberty; however, prenatal, infant and adolescent cases have been reported. This study aims to report a case of 12 years girl present with cyclical abdominal pain, backache, and primary amenorrhoea with a huge mass per abdomen. This study implemented a qualitative method with a case report approach. The results of the study show imperforate hymen patients need to be treated by surgical hymenotomy.
      PubDate: 2022-06-25
      DOI: 10.32996/jmhs.2022.3.3.1
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 3 (2022)
  • Fundamentals of Research and Statistics for Physicians

    • Authors: Jami Wang, Davin A. Agustines, Benjamin K.P. Woo
      Pages: 07 - 08
      Abstract: Although there is a constant need for clinicians to understand research, there are few opportunities in the medical curriculum that teaches us how to approach research. There is a growing importance of understanding the approach to research papers and introductory statistics for early clinicians pursuing a career in psychiatry. In our manuscript, we provide guidance to make this process more manageable and efficient by comparing research papers to the standardized clinical subjective, objective, assessment, and plan (SOAP) notes while defining statistical significance.
      PubDate: 2022-07-06
      DOI: 10.32996/jmhs.2022.3.3.2
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 3 (2022)
  • Lipid Fractions and Severity of Coronary Artery Lesions in Acute
           Myocardial Infarction: A Retrospective Single-Center Study

    • Authors: Atilla Rexhepi, Valon Asani, Vlora Ibrahimi
      Pages: 09 - 14
      Abstract: The relationship between different lipid fractions and the occurrence of atherosclerotic coronary artery disease(CAD) is a well-known fact. However, knowledge of the association of different lipid fractions and the severity and extension of coronary lesions has been rarely reported in clinical studies and is often contradictory. This study aimed to evaluate the association between different lipid fractions and the severity and extent of the coronary atherosclerotic lesion in patients with ST elevated acute myocardial infarction (STEMI). We analyzed data from 50 consecutive patients with STEMI who underwent coronary angiography during hospitalization at the Clinical Hospital in Tetovo. The severity and extent of CAD were defined using the Syntax score (SXscore) algorithm stratified according to tertiles. Laboratory analysis for lipid fractions was performed. It was noticed a statistically significant association between SXscore tertiles and the mean of total cholesterol (TC) to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL) ratio (TC/HDL), (p=0.008). Correlation test showed week but significant positive correlation between SXscore tertiles and TC/HDL ratio (r=0.339, p=0.016) and Non-HDL (r=0.309, p=0.034). In regression analysis, reduced HDL and increased TC values statistically significantly predicted SXscore (p<0.05). Among all lipid variables examined, the TC/HDL ratio appeared as the most powerful indicator of severity and extension of the coronary lesion in patients with STEMI. The TC/HDL ratio should be used as an easy, non-invasive, and inexpensive method to measure the severity of CAD to determine the diagnosis strategy and treatment of patients with atherosclerotic coronary diseases at risk of acute infarction.
      PubDate: 2022-07-07
      DOI: 10.32996/jmhs.2022.3.3.3
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 3 (2022)
  • Strategies to Improve Dental Hygiene and Oral Health of 5-15-year-old
           Students: A Systematic Review

    • Authors: Mobina Bagherianlemraski
      Pages: 15 - 22
      Abstract: School is the most cost-effective and easiest way to access 5-15-year-old children. Owing to the development of permanent teeth, the increasing prevalence of dental caries, and the formation of social life, these children are the main target group in oral hygiene promotion programs. The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of interventional strategies on improving oral health and dental hygiene of 5-15-year-old students. Electronic search in Scopus, PubMed, Science Direct, Springer, and Biomed Central databases was performed using English keywords, and the studies that were conducted on educational interventions to improve oral health, dental hygiene, prevention, and control of caries among students between January 2004 and March 2021 were reviewed. Thirteen selected studies were divided into two categories: educational interventions based on self-care behaviors and prevention services (fluoride varnish and fissure sealant) and educational interventions based on self-care behaviors. Interventions that included continuing the intervention, involved parents and school staff in the program, used a combination of several educational methods and used preventive services were associated with greater success in enhancing knowledge, health behaviors, reducing plaque, and tooth decay. Continuation of group education, combined use of educational programs, follow-up, and the use of behavior change models and provision of preventive services are the best ways to design and plan an intervention to improve oral health and dental hygiene in elementary school students.
      PubDate: 2022-07-08
      DOI: 10.32996/jmhs.2022.3.3.4
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 3 (2022)
  • The Relationship between Infant Prematurity and Parental Anxiety: A
           Systematic Review

    • Authors: Travis Satnarine, Pranuthi Ratna, Aditi Sarker, Adarsh Srinivas Ramesh, Carlos Munoz Tello, Dawood Jamil, Hadrian Hoang-Vu Tran, Mafaz Mansoor, Samia Rauf Butt, Safeera Khan
      Pages: 23 - 31
      Abstract: Prematurity refers to the birth of a baby before 37 completed weeks of pregnancy. This can be related to considerable parental anxiety and mental status changes. Anxiety can manifest as worrying thoughts, feelings of tension, and altered vital signs. This review aims to analyze the relationship between premature birth and parental anxiety, focusing on the emotional status of both mothers and fathers. The review was performed using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis 2020 guidelines. A search was undertaken in PubMed, PubMed Central, MEDLINE, and ScienceDirect. Screening of articles was carried out to find relevant and appropriate articles. Articles were then quality-checked before inclusion. Our analysis showed that mothers of preterm infants had greater symptoms of anxiety, and comorbid anxiety and depression, than mothers of term infants. Mothers of preterm infants 5 years after discharge showed long-term consequences of stress and anxiety, including inappropriate responses and reduced praise for their children. Mothers of preterm multiples were more likely to experience stress and anxiety than mothers of preterm singletons. Fathers of preterm infants experienced higher levels of stress than fathers of term infants, but fathers of preterm infants experienced less stress than mothers of preterm infants. These findings suggest that routine mental health screening and intervention should be undertaken for both mothers and fathers of preterm infants.
      PubDate: 2022-07-13
      DOI: 10.32996/jmhs.2022.3.3.5
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 3 (2022)
  • The Correlation between High-Risk Pregnancy> 35 Years Old with
           Labioschizis Congenital Disorders

    • Authors: Vincent Anggriant, Henry Sitanggang, Masjuanda
      Pages: 32 - 38
      Abstract: Abnormalities of the lip and palate or commonly referred to as cleft lip or labioschizis, are congenital abnormalities of the gap between the right and/or left sides of the lip. Palatoschizis is the most common congenital abnormality after labioschizis with multifactorial causes and is found in every nation in the world. This congenital anomaly is ranked the third most common based on a survey conducted in 13 major hospitals in Indonesia, and the incidence of cleft lip with or without cleft palate is 1 per 700-1000 births worldwide, and Asians have the highest risk. Among the factors causing it, genetics is agreed to be the main factor. Infants die or are disabled; even mothers die during childbirth, which often occurs in pregnancies aged > 35 years and over. Giving birth at the age of > 35 years and over, babies born are susceptible to genetic disorders. This study is to report cleft lip due to high-risk pregnancy > 35 years old at regional public hospital Drs. H. Amri Tambunan, Deli Serdang, which is a type B regional hospital in North Sumatra, Indonesia. This was a descriptive analysis with the cross-sectional retrospective study by using medical records of high-risk pregnancy > 35 years old patients treated from January to December 2019. The data are presented in tabular and pie form. In this study, there were 86 samples of patients with high-risk pregnancies > 35 years, and there were 49 (56.9%) patients in this study. The highest incidence rate was congenital cleft lip in 39 (45.3%) patients. Operations on children with congenital abnormalities such as labioschizis, labiopalatoschizis, and labiopalatognatoschizis are mostly performed when children are > 3 months – 12 months old, as many as 11 (28.2%) patients while 16 (41.1%) patients do not have surgery in this research. The results of this study did not show a relationship between the age of pregnant women > 35 years with the incidence of abnormalities under the cleft lip with a p-value of 0.230 which means a sig value > 0.05. However, based on the data that researchers got, respondents with maternal age of > 35 years tend to experience labioschizis, meaning that the older the age of pregnant women, the riskier they give birth to babies with labioschizis.
      PubDate: 2022-07-15
      DOI: 10.32996/jmhs.2022.3.3.6
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 3 (2022)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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