Publisher: Al-Kindi Center for Research and Development (Total: 14 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

Showing 1 - 14 of 14 Journals sorted alphabetically
Intl. J. of Biological, Physical and Chemical Studies     Open Access  
Intl. J. of English Language Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Intl. J. of Law and Politics Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Intl. J. of Linguistics, Literature and Translation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Business and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Computer Science and Technology Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Economics, Finance and Accounting Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of English Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Environmental and Agricultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Mathematics and Statistics Studies     Open Access  
J. of Mechanical, Civil and Industrial Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
J. of Medical and Health Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of World Englishes and Education Practices     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
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International Journal of Law and Politics Studies
Number of Followers: 6  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2709-0914
Published by Al-Kindi Center for Research and Development Homepage  [14 journals]
  • Standards for Auctioneers in Vietnam and Alberta (Canada)

    • Authors: Nguyen Thi Bao Anh
      Abstract: Auctioneering as a profession has been in existence for many years. The advantage of selling goods through a public auction compared to a normal willing buyer-willing seller process is that the consignor of the goods is likely to get a better price through a competitive bidding process. A professional consignee known as an auctioneer moderates the competitive bidding process during the sale of goods. However, because of the nature of the business and the frequent huge amounts of money involved in the transactions, there is a need to regulate the auctioneering. Every jurisdiction where auctioneering has specific rules that dictate regulate auctioneer standards. This article looks at the auctioneering standards that have been set and legislated in Alberta (Canada) and Vietnam. The paper has identified the minimum requirements that a prospective auctioneer has to meet in the jurisdictions for them to be given a licence to practice. Also, the paper has identified some regulations that guide the auctioneering process in the said jurisdictions. In the article, the researcher further identified key legal prohibitions that are part of the auctioneering standards.
      PubDate: Tue, 20 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Indonesia and ASEAN Chairmanship in 2023: Leading the Region in
           Strengthening Relations with China

    • Authors: Jona Widhagdo Putri
      Abstract: Indonesia, the largest economy in Southeast Asia, plays a crucial role in the region and contributes significantly to the regional bloc's stability, economic growth, and diplomatic initiatives. The archipelago serves as a pivotal anchor within the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), stipulating political leadership and strategic direction over the years. Indonesia fosters trade and investment within the region, as seen from Indonesia's role in completing the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) negotiation, the largest free trade agreement in the world involving ASEAN and several trading partners such as China, Japan and South Korea (The ASEAN Secretariat, 2023). Indonesia promotes dialogue and cooperation to address regional challenges such as trans-boundary issues, security concerns, and environmental sustainability. Indonesia is also currently one of China’s most important partners in Southeast Asia. China is now Indonesia's largest trading partner and export market, with China's official data showing that in 2022 the bilateral trade reached $149.1 billion, up 19.8 percent year-on-year. In the same year, China was the second-largest source of investment in Indonesia in 2022, with $8.2 billion (Duqiang, 2023). In addition, China's Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) has played a major role in supporting infrastructure development in Indonesia. Both nations continue to engage in high-level diplomatic dialogue and seek common ground on various regional and global issues. This article attempts to show the role that Indonesia plays as it continues to show the way for other ASEAN countries to navigate economic challenges and, at the same time, forge stronger ties with China. This article also examines the bilateral relationship between Indonesia and China and how it affects Indonesia’s capability to lead other ASEAN countries, especially after Indonesia’s ASEAN Chairmanship in 2023.
      PubDate: Tue, 13 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +000
       
  • The Palestinian Operation on October 7 Between International Legitimacy
           and Criminalization

    • Authors: Belal Ali AbuHasballah
      Abstract: This study delved into the operation of Palestinian resistance on the seventh of October, navigating the realms of legitimacy and criminalization within the framework of international law. The researcher examined the historical evolution of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, revealing a continuous onslaught, occupation, and killing endured by the Palestinian people for over 70 years. The legal foundation of the Palestinian resistance's legitimacy on the seventh of October was explored in light of international law, with the researcher concluding that the resistance exercised its right to legitimate defense in accordance with the United Nations Charter against ongoing aggression by the Israeli occupation. Furthermore, the researcher found that the resistance's actions were consistent with its exercise of the right to self-determination, as endorsed by numerous United Nations resolutions on the Palestinian issue. Finally, the study addressed Israeli allegations of massacres committed by the Palestinian resistance on the seventh of October, presenting evidence that the resistance adhered to international law in its operation and did not violate its provisions. The researcher urged the United Nations to take stricter measures, particularly through its Security Council, by activating Chapter Seven of the Charter to compel Israel to implement international resolutions. Additionally, the researcher also calls on international organizations to morally and materially support the legitimacy of Palestinian armed resistance to exercise its right to self-determination against Israeli occupation and settlement. The researcher recommended that global media listen to both sides of the conflict's narrative for journalistic credibility.
      PubDate: Thu, 08 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +000
       
  • The Impact of EU Integration on the Political, Economic and Social Systems
           of Republic of North Macedonia (As a Candidate Country)

    • Authors: Miranda Sabriu Bexheti
      Abstract: Subjective assessments from various relevant factors to the level of North Macedonia's achievements in the path of European integration are often contradictory and partial for a general conclusion. The analysis of this research lies on this context, which aims to provide answers to the country's achievements towards European integration through analyses and generalizations of the results from the official reports of the European Commission as well as through concrete data about the country's achievements (statistical entities and V-Dem Varieties of democracy) for the development of the political, economic and social system as a whole during the years 2010-2023. The results show that North Macedonia consumes concrete benefits from European funds and associations, but the progress in the country is insignificant.
      PubDate: Mon, 05 Feb 2024 00:00:00 +000
       
  • The Adequacy of Global Legal Norms on Legal Issues Related to
           Digitalization and Artificial Intelligence

    • Authors: Gulde Alparslan
      Abstract: This research aims to examine the sufficiency of global legal norms on legal norms in the field of digitalization and artificial intelligence. Descriptive scanning model, content analysis methods and semiotic analysis methods were used in the research. In this context, in the research, studies on global law and artificial intelligence were analyzed and their results were evaluated. It was then analyzed with SWOT analysis in terms of artificial intelligence, global law and digitalization. According to the results obtained from the literature review and semiotic analysis, digitalization and globalization are in a two-way relationship as two important concepts that trigger each other and are primarily affected by artificial intelligence applications. Although artificial intelligence applications positively affect the digitalization process in terms of their legal effects, they also bring with them some drawbacks in judicial matters and global jurisdiction. In particular, the fact that the exact framework of the artificial intelligence issue is not yet known, that it is open to external interventions, that a global legal system has not yet been formed, and the differences between international law and regional legal systems can be listed as the most important problems in the legal applications of artificial intelligence. As a result, globalization brings developments that will necessitate important and radical changes in the field of law, as in all areas of life. Therefore, although the law has a much faster and more effective working environment than in the past, it is also open to manipulation. Current global legal norms are inadequate regarding both digitalization and artificial intelligence. In the legal field, on the one hand, cumbersome and bureaucratic legal systems must be abandoned, and on the other hand, more dynamic, more modern and faster legal systems must be adopted.
      PubDate: Thu, 25 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Legal Certainty for Unregistered Franchise Agreements in Indonesia

    • Authors: Wiwik Sri Widiarty
      Abstract: Franchising is one form of business that is growing rapidly in Indonesia. Basically, franchise agreements must be registered with the government. This is regulated in Government Regulation No. 42 of 2007 concerning Franchising. The purpose of this study is to analyze the legal certainty of unregistered franchise agreements in Indonesia. This research uses normative research methods. The data collection technique in this research is by literature study. The data that has been collected is then analyzed in three stages, namely data reduction, data presentation and conclusion drawing. The results showed that the legal certainty of franchise agreements that are not registered in Indonesia, the Minister of Trade, Governor, Regent/Mayor, in accordance with their respective authorities, can impose administrative sanctions. In addition to administratively, unregistered franchises are also civilly problematic. If the agreement made does not fulfill the formalities stipulated by law, then the agreement can be null and void and is obliged to return the nominal investment that has been given by the franchisee.
      PubDate: Fri, 19 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Legal Protection of Housing Consumers Against Misuse of Social Facilities
           and Public Facilities in Makassar City

    • Authors: Abd. Haris Hamid; Kamsilaniah, Baso Madiong
      Abstract: This study aims to analyze the Consumer Protection of Housing and Public Facilities and Public Facilities from developers and analyze the implementation of the various functions of the United States social facilities and public facilities umby Housing Developers in Makassar City. The method used in the study is normative juridical research; the author tries to examine several laws and regulations related to public facilities, social facilities and consumer protection. The results showed that changes in housing/settlement are very detrimental to housing consumers to get their rights. So, the Makassar City government needs to require developers to include and explain this site plan so that housing consumers are protected.
      PubDate: Thu, 11 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +000
       
  • The Current Status of Compensation, Support, and Resettlement when the
           State Acquires Land for Socio-economic Development

    • Authors: Cong Lap Tran
      Abstract: Mechanisms and policies for compensation, support, and resettlement when the State acquires land for socio-economic development purposes are concretized by the 2013 Land Law, aiming to harmonize the interests of the parties. However, the report from the General Department of Land Management (in 2018) said that the adjusted documents on compensation and support have yet to cover all the problems arising in practice, leading to difficulties and confusion in implementation (Nhan, 2022).In essence, the land acquisition is within the competence of the State; in contrast to the types of assets established on the land, there must be a voluntary mechanism of agreement. In this case, the State should not use its power to impose compensation prices. Although the purpose is to acquire land for economic development, the law empowers the State to decide on the value of land assets, and set on the land is not standard. When comparing the same type of asset, but the value of each place has a difference, there is no uniformity. In many localities, the market price has changed several times but still set meager compensation prices for people. From the above issue, when conducting compensation when the State acquires land for socio-economic development purposes, in any case, it is necessary to correctly and fully calculate the damage caused by land acquisition to the subjects who are using land and assets attached to land, including related intangible and tangible damage. In addition, it is also necessary to delete the support policy because when the damage is fully estimated, there is no need for support-related regulations.
      PubDate: Thu, 11 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Legal Personality of Robots

    • Authors: ABDULLAH MOHAMMED ALZAMIL
      Abstract: Developing a well-defined legal framework for robots is vital in this age of rapid advancement in technology. Such regulation is important not only to protect patient rights, but also to encourage responsible technological innovation and maximize the potential of robotics. In my research on the legal personality for robots, given the novelty of the topic and scarcity of specialized references, the research was conducted through extrapolating and analyzing related systems and regulations in the field of technology, in addition to studying relevant academic research on legal personality. A range of perspectives and trends were reviewed regarding granting legal personality to robots. The research began with the topic of legal personality in general, then discussed the notion of granting legal personality to robots between proponents and opponents. It also examined the position of countries and international organizations on robot legal personality, which have not yet recognized independent robots as legal persons since robots do not possess finances separate from their manufacturing companies, nor full autonomy from their human makers and operators. It was emphasized that granting legal personality to any entity requires a specific criterion which is the capacity to acquire rights and duties, assume obligations, and legal personality for robots is mainly attributed to the principle of appropriateness, legal necessity and their ability to act with a degree of consciousness and independence, which reinforces the likelihood of their committing harmful acts, causing damage to others. Given the treatment of robots in most countries as objects, the European Parliament put forward the human agent theory. Therefore, legislators should intervene to establish a clear legal framework that defines the legal nature of robots in a way that protects patient interests without discouraging companies and inventors from innovating to maximize the benefits of robotics and artificial intelligence technologies.
      PubDate: Thu, 11 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +000
       
  • The Waqf and its Provisions

    • Authors: Faisal bin Sutouf Al-Assaf; Majed bin Abdul Rahman Al-Bahar
      Abstract: This research serves as a part and introduction to a master's thesis in private law at King Abdulaziz University, focusing on the subject of "Waqf" (endowment). The researcher, “Majed bin Abdul Rahman Al-Bahar”, conducted this study under the guidance of Associate Professor of Civil Law, “Dr. Faisal bin Sutouf Al-Assaf”, at King Abdulaziz University in Jeddah. “Waqf" is one of the voluntary contracts that individuals conclude, driven by a desire for reward from Allah Almighty. It is a charitable act aimed at dedicating something beneficial to individuals or entities in need of support and assistance. Due to the importance of "Waqf" in society, this research addresses the answer to the issue of: "What are the legal rulings (ahkam) governing Waqf'"  This inquiry encompasses various aspects falling under this overarching issue. The researcher has adopted a descriptive-analytical methodology to answer these questions. This was achieved through the description and analysis of legal articles related to Waqf as stipulated by the Saudi legislations, including the General Authority for Endowments law, the Civil Transactions law, and other relevant regulations. The researcher has arrived at several key findings, with some of the most notable being that Waqf is subject to specific conditions and elements that must be satisfied for its validity. Furthermore, the study highlights that Waqf is characterized by flexibility and inclusiveness, designed to address diverse human needs.
      PubDate: Thu, 11 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Addressing the Proliferation of Anti-Personnel Mines

    • Authors: Anamika Changrani-Rastogi
      Abstract: Anti-personnel mines, first used in World War II, continue to be a persistent threat to life up to today. With technological advances, landmines have been easily deployed and difficult to detect, and an estimated 25,000 km2 is currently considered contaminated with landmines. Widespread in Egypt, Afghanistan and Iraq, these landmines have resulted in great humanitarian and economic devastation and continue to do so presently. For example, Egypt witnessed 19 casualties per day due to landmines in 2020. Further, given their low cost and ease of use, non-state armed groups (NSAGs) are currently liberally using landmines. Globally, the estimated cost to clear landmines is around $50-$100 billion, with the countries most affected unable to afford these costs. In this study, we discuss the history of use, efforts to curb, and current deployment of landmines. The economic factors connected with anti-personnel mine use are discussed, including the cost associated with procuring and clearing landmines. The multifaceted ways that landmines impact economic growth are detailed, including the cost of emergency and long-term medical care, loss of infrastructure and farmland, and barriers to accessing education, health care, and employment. The study particularly focuses on Afghanistan, Cambodia, Egypt, Iraq, Myanmar and Russia. The role of the International Committee of the Red Cross in assisting victims, building awareness, and supporting governments is discussed. Events from 1939 to the current day are examined, as are the relevant UN treaties and events from the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention, 1997, to the present United Nations Mine Action Strategy (2019-2023). The treaties are discussed in the context of their effectiveness and impact, particularly on NSAGs. Several proposed solutions are presented and examined for their potential feasibility and effectiveness, including awareness building, technological approaches and international coordination. There is an urgent need to bring landmines to our conversation in order to address their continuing threat, and this study aims to do the same.
      PubDate: Sat, 06 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Legal Protection of Portunus Pelagicus: An International Fisheries Law
           Perspective in the Republic of Indonesia's Fisheries Management Area 713

    • Authors: Yulia; Baso Madiong, Hasni, Sobirin
      Abstract: The demand for Portunus pelagicus exports is increasing, which is encouraging more Portunus pelagicus capture. As a result, portunus pelagicus resources become available. The aim of this study is to examine the legal protection of portunus pelagicus based on international fisheries law in the Fisheries Management Area of the Republic of Indonesia (WPPRI) 713 and law enforcement against illegal rajuangan capture. The research method is qualitative research using an empirical normative approach. The findings revealed that the Indonesian government has incorporated international fisheries law into national legislation governing the management of Portunus pelagicus in Indonesian fisheries management areas. Administrative sanctions are used by law enforcement to punish non-compliant Portunus pelagicus fishing. In comparison to criminal and civil sanctions, this sanction is effective because it can be directly enforced by administrative officials. The government and the community share responsibility for the protection, utilization, and preservation of portunus pelagicus so that future generations are able to enjoy it.
      PubDate: Sat, 06 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +000
       
 
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Publisher: Al-Kindi Center for Research and Development (Total: 14 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

Showing 1 - 14 of 14 Journals sorted alphabetically
Intl. J. of Biological, Physical and Chemical Studies     Open Access  
Intl. J. of English Language Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Intl. J. of Law and Politics Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Intl. J. of Linguistics, Literature and Translation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Business and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Computer Science and Technology Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Economics, Finance and Accounting Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of English Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of Environmental and Agricultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
J. of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Mathematics and Statistics Studies     Open Access  
J. of Mechanical, Civil and Industrial Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
J. of Medical and Health Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
J. of World Englishes and Education Practices     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
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JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
 


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