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International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Translation
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2708-0099 - ISSN (Online) 2617-0299
Published by Al-Kindi Center for Research and Development Homepage  [14 journals]
  • Subtitling Research in the Arab World: Review Article

    • Authors: Yasser Al Tamimi, Mohammad Mansy
      Pages: 01 - 09
      Abstract: This article outlines the most important trends in subtitling research in the Arab World. Despite its importance, immediacy of reception and the broad audience subtitles reach, academia has lagged for decades and failed to cope with the growing subtitling industry, missing great opportunities for research, practice as well as the teaching of subtitling in institutions of higher education. However, a good number of subtitling practitioners and academics have realized this wide gap in the research and started to carry out serious projects to investigate this area. This article reviews the current body of literature that spans the past twenty years and highlights the major areas of research as well as the gaps that still exist. This review has found out that the major areas that have been covered so far include technical aspects of subtitling; linguistic difficulties (lexical, syntactic, semantic, pragmatic, etc.); rhetorical aspects (such as euphemism, humor and word play); and cultural appropriateness (in relation to censorship to hide swearwords and obscenities as well as religious connotations, taboos, idioms, etc.). Many of these studies have suggested translation strategies to address these challenges (e.g., omissions, paraphrase, modulation, adaptation and transcreation). However, the article also points out some gaps in the research such as the relevenace of subtitling to some translation theories and linguistic models like the Interpretive Theory of Translation (ITT), Relevance Theory, Accommodation Theory, Descriptive Translation Studies (DTS), Grice’s Cooperative Principle and Brondeel’s Model. There is also a huge gap in accessibility studies which aim to make audiovisual material accessible to people with sensory (visual or aural) disabilities. Additionally, the usefulness of subtitling to foreign language teaching and learning has not been adequately researched in Arab universities. Therefore, these areas merit the attention of researchers in the future.
      PubDate: 2023-01-01
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2022.6.1.1
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2023)
  • Feminist Strategies in Qur’ān Translations: A Comparative Study of the
           Sublime Quran and Saheeh International

    • Authors: Najlaa R. Aldeeb
      Pages: 10 - 19
      Abstract: For almost thirteen centuries, the Qur’ān had been interpreted by men before it was first translated by a woman. In 1995, Umm Muhammad, Amina Assami, translated the Qur’ān into English under the pseudonym Saheeh International. Extensive research indicates that Umm Muhammad’s translation reproduces patriarchal gender hierarchies (Al-Sowaidi et al., 2021), while Laleh Bakhtiar’s the Sublime Quran comprises feminist elements (Kidwai, 2018). Comparing these two translations to determine whether the translators employ feminist translation strategies to increase their visibility has not been previously addressed. I aim to investigate how these women translators transfer feminine nouns and pronouns and generic masculine nouns from Arabic, a highly gendered language, to English. In this paper, I apply an eclectic approach: the feminist theory by Susanne de Lotbinière-Harwood and Luise von Flotow and the basic linguistic theory for the grammatical description of language by Roman Jakobson. The results reveal that Bakhtiar’s translation published in the USA demonstrates feminist perspectives through utilising prefacing, supplementing, and neutralisation, whereas Umm Muhammad’s version published in Saudi Arabia depends on exegetical books and maintains a softer tone between the dominant male and diluted feminist voice. Future researchers should broaden the scope of the comparison and cover more Qur’ān translations in different countries to examine the impact of women translators’ socio-cultural contexts on their translations.
      PubDate: 2023-01-01
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2023.6.1.2
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2023)
  • The Language Choice of Madurese Ethnics in Urban Area: A Case Study of
           Jember City

    • Authors: A. Erna S. Rochiyati, Agus Sariono, Kusnadi Kusnadi, Budi Suyanto
      Pages: 20 - 25
      Abstract: Jember society is an urban and bilingual community because they master Javanese, Madurese and Indonesian. This article examines language choice forms of the Madurese community in Jember and the factors underlying the choice of the Madurese community's language. The study was conducted through a qualitative method. Data was collected through a questionnaire. The results show that the Madurese language (BM) selected by the Madurese community in Jember is generally dominant (55%). The BM's choice of family domain is higher (58%) than the neighboring domain (52%). The dominant factors in determining language choice include speech situations, participants, and means of speech.
      PubDate: 2023-01-01
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2023.6.1.3
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2023)
  • A Literature Review on the Research Progress of Speech Act Theory and Its

    • Authors: Leilei; ZOU, Chunfang, WU
      Pages: 26 - 32
      Abstract: Speech act exists in every aspect of people's daily life and performs an extinguished position in people's communication. Speech Act Theory was first proposed by the British philosopher J.L. Austin and later expounded and revised by the American philosopher J. Searle, which linked the meaning of language with speech act for the first time, opening up a new perspective for the study of meaning in the philosophy of language and logic. Through a brief review of the literature related to speech acts in the past 40 years, this paper introduces the background of Speech Act Theory, summarizes the content framework of it, reviews the relevant research and evaluation of the theory by domestic and foreign scholars, and analyzes the current application and research of the theory in related fields. Finally, this paper calls on research on the application of the theory in analyzing speech acts in such hot-discussed fields as artificial intelligence in an attempt to contribute to the modernity process of Speech Act Theory.
      PubDate: 2023-01-01
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2023.6.1.4
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2023)
  • An Analysis of Liberal Feminism of the Main Character in Brave Film

    • Authors: Miskiyah, Akhmad Sofyan
      Pages: 33 - 37
      Abstract: Liberal feminism has become a trending topic in articles and journals and has also been appointed as a theme in several novels and films. Some cases of liberal feminism were depicted by the main character in the film Brave, Merida. In Brave, the main character was talking about woman's liberation or the woman's movement, which fought for the right to get her freedom. This research aimed to find the types of liberal feminism and the characteristics of liberal feminism in the utterances and gestures of the main character in the film. From the gestures and utterances of Merida, the writer analyzed liberal feminism by using the descriptive qualitative method. Techniques of data collection were done by watching the film, selecting and noting down the data from the gestures and utterances which were related to the types of liberal feminism portrayed by the main character in the film Brave. The result of the study found 22 data on the liberal feminism of the main character in the film Brave. From the 22 data, there were 19 data that included individualist feminism, and three data were libertarian feminism. From those types, the writer also found the characteristics of liberal feminism; there was equal education, the right to vote, the mature and find women’s identity, and equal liberty (the freedom of speech and press). The study found the dominant characteristic was the right to vote, which means the main character in the film Brave mostly showed how she fought for her freedom to choose.
      PubDate: 2023-01-01
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2023.6.1.5
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2023)
  • The Role of Religiosity Values in Alysa's Family Hijrah Process in
           Mellyana Dhian's Novels

    • Authors: Fetro Mohammad, Agus Nuryatin, Nas Haryati Setyaningsih
      Pages: 38 - 44
      Abstract: The aims of the research were to find out the story elements that describe the main character's religiosity, religious values, and the role of religious values ​​in the hijrah process in the modern era in Mellyana Dhian's novels. This research is qualitative descriptive research with a structural approach. The primary data sources are novels by Mellyana Dhian: Dear Imamku, Diaku Imamku, Prince of Hearts, and Ribs Towards Heaven. Research instruments consist of; researchers as research instruments; and instruments in the form of data cards. The data collection technique used in this study is the heuristic method. The data analysis technique used is the hermeneutic (retroactive) reading technique. The results of the analysis showed that the story elements that describe the religiosity of the main characters in Melyana Dhian's novels are plot, character, setting, theme, title, point of view, style and tone, symbolism, and irony. There are religiosity values ​​found in the main characters in Mellyana Dhian's novels, namely the dimension of belief, the dimension of ritual, the dimension of appreciation, the dimension of knowledge, and the dimension of consequences. There is a role of religiosity values ​​in the migration process in the main characters in Mellyana Dhian's novels, namely the educational role, the rescue role, the social rescue role, the fostering brotherhood role, and the transformative role.
      PubDate: 2023-01-05
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2023.6.1.6
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2023)
  • Translating Agendas in Children’s Literature: Oscar Wilde’s
           Fairy Tales in China

    • Authors: YANJIN LIU
      Pages: 45 - 53
      Abstract: Children’s literature is recently regarded as an emergent vehicle for the expression of opposing political views (Simpson, 2020), becoming an up-and-coming part of contemporary political discourse. To examine the discursive properties of agendas and political discourse in fairy tales and their translation particulars, this study adopts the political and critical discourse analysis (Schäffner, 2004; Van Dijk, 2003) with the method of micro-textual lexis analysis and macro social-historical analysis. It is found that: 1) political discourse in children’s literature exhibits a marked discursive property of substantial adjective usage; 2) denotation expansion, trivialization, and contrast explicitation are three recurrent translation strategies under the strategic functions of dissimulation and delegitimization; 3) translation initiation manifests political awareness with local, ideological, and political implications. The study, with a specific focus on the Chinese context, foregrounds the empowerment of translation with local, ideological, and political implications, highlighting the delicate strategies adopted by translators in a likewise delicate genre of children’s literature.
      PubDate: 2023-01-05
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2023.6.1.7
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2023)
  • Impact of Communicative Language Teaching Method on Students'
           Speaking and Listening Skills: A Review Article

    • Authors: Zanyar Nathir Ghafar, Murad Hassan Sawalmeh, Akam Azad Mohamedamin
      Pages: 54 - 60
      Abstract: English language teachers and educators everywhere try to find better language approaches, methods, theories, techniques, and strategies. One way to do that is by implementing the approaches or practices in their classrooms to see which one works, serves more for their students, or has more impact. These communicative language education techniques have been used for many years in many nations. The main goal of the learners is to reach communicative competence; thus, they continuously search for a method or approach that can significantly impact their communicative competence. Hence, teachers and learners try to use different language approaches and techniques to improve the student's language skills, especially their speaking skills. The main aim of this review article is to investigate the impact of communicative language teaching (CLT) by reviewing five reports and some literature reviews. Kasumi's first article, ' Communicative Language Teaching and Its Impact on Students' Performance," was conducted in 2015. The second article is entitled "The effect of using Communicative Language Teaching on Speaking Ability," which Ratih and Hanafi undertook in 2016. The third article is entitled "The Effect of Using Communicative Language Teaching on Developing English Speaking and Listening Skills of Iranian Secondary School Students," which Aalaei conducted in 2017. The fourth article, "The Effect of Communicative Activities on Libyan Secondary School Students' Speaking Performance in Malaysia," was conducted by Owen & Razali in 2018. The fifth article, "The Impact of the Implementation of CLT On Students' Speaking Skills, " was led by Mangaleswaran and Aziz in 2019. The findings of these articles indicated that CLT impacts students' communicative competence, especially speaking and other skills such as listening, reading, and writing. The results show that the sub-skills such as vocabulary, grammar, pronunciation, comprehension, and fluency improve.
      PubDate: 2023-01-10
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2023.6.1.8
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2023)
  • The Chinese National Image in A bite of China from the perspective of
           Appraisal System: A Literature Review

    • Authors: Zhidan Yang, Fei Guo
      Pages: 61 - 68
      Abstract: The appraisal system, which was founded by Martin, White and other scholars in the 1990s, completed the interpersonal function of Systemic Functional Linguistics. It includes three major sub-systems, namely the engagement system, attitude system and graduation system. At present, the appraisal system is widely used in the study of various texts. As a business card of foreign exchanges, national image plays an important role in enhancing national competitiveness and promoting international cooperation and development. As a special type of film and television, a documentary takes real life as the material, people and real events as the objects and tries to convey the most authentic information to the audience. The documentary series, A Bite of China toke the Chinese diet culture as the core and left a deep impression on the Chinese audience through the relaxed and lively narrative rhythm. What's more, its English version, translated by BBC, shows the daily diet of Chinese to an overseas audience. In this way, Chinese culture got dissemination, and also it shaped the Chinese national image. At present, most of the studies on documentaries are derived from the perspective of translation and communication science, while from the perspective of appraisal systems to study documentaries are few. Therefore, the author intends to study the construction of the Chinese national image of the English version of A Bite of China (I) from the perspective of the appraisal system.
      PubDate: 2023-01-16
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2023.6.1.9
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2023)
  • The Hemingwayesque Techniques of Storytelling in Farewell to Arms by
           Earnest Hemingway

    • Authors: Mohammed Haqi Khaleel Alazzawi
      Pages: 69 - 75
      Abstract: Hemingway has been unquestionably a great master of storytelling with global clout. Through the analysis, he skillfully uses accomplished techniques in "Farewell to Arms". This paper looks at the narrative techniques and characteristics of his work, which reflects Hemingway's exceptional writing talent. A close examination of Hemingway's use of narrative strategies sheds light on his fictional story and provides a new appreciation for Hemingway's style that makes Hemingway the best literary novelist in the world of fiction.
      PubDate: 2023-01-16
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2023.6.1.10
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2023)
  • Reference Grammatical Cohesion in Christine Lindop’s The Bridge and
           other Love Stories: A Discourse Analysis

    • Authors: Siti marfu'ah, Khristianto
      Pages: 76 - 81
      Abstract: This research describes the types and function of reference in a short story book written by Christine Lindop under the title The Bridge and Other Love Stories. This research applies discourse analysis, especially on the reference. The study used a qualitative descriptive approach. The data source of this research is a short story telling about the bridge and love stories that happened. The data of this research are words, phrases, and sentences contained in a short story. The results of this research show that the types of reference used in the short story include personal reference, demonstrative reference, definite article reference and comparative reference. Meanwhile, the function of reference is to risk word repetition, to show the close of scale, and to compare things or situations.
      PubDate: 2023-01-16
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2023.6.1.11
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2023)
  • Revisiting the Syntax of English Imperative from a Minimalist Perspective

    • Authors: Alia Ali Ahmed Al-Samki, Abdusalaam Al-Ghrafy
      Pages: 76 - 90
      Abstract: This paper tackles the syntax of English imperatives. It revisits the syntactic structuring of English imperatives from a minimalistic perspective. It investigates what the most appropriate positioning for the imperative verb in English is and what really stirs the structuring of imperative in English. To tackle this topic, this paper implements a descriptive, analytic, qualitative, minimalist-based method. In accordance with minimalism, this paper gives priority to the imperative feature. It comes up with a new projection proposed to be within CP, labeling it 'Imperative Phrase'. The head of this projection is assumed to have an inherently valued and interpreted [Imperative]. This feature, as this paper postulates, is what urges the syntactic derivation of the whole imperative construction.
      PubDate: 2023-01-16
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2023.6.11.11
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2023)
  • Critical Thinking Practice in Moroccan Higher Education: An Evaluation

    • Authors: Nasr-edine OUAHANI, Brahim Hiba
      Pages: 91 - 97
      Abstract: In this paper, the authors intend to evaluate the stand of critical thinking in Moroccan higher education. To delineate the basic issues surrounding critical thinking and its practice, this study went through a review of eighteen articles that took as their subject matter the teaching and learning of critical thinking in Moroccan higher education. This article diagnoses the state of the art, the challenges involved, the scope and the limitations. The authors sought to answer four research questions: (i) what place does CT occupy in Moroccan higher education' (ii) what is the scope of the teaching and learning of CT in Moroccan higher education' (iii) what limitations do published studies on the teaching and learning of CT in Morocco have' and (iv) how can we improve the practice of CT in Moroccan higher education' Findings show that the teaching and learning of critical thinking (1) is a recent endeavour in Moroccan academia, (2) is an under researched field, (3) is limited to two CT skills: argument evaluation and argument construction, (4) is restricted to two language skills: reading and writing, (5) is diagnostic and evaluative more than practical in nature, and (6) lacks scientific rigour. This article ends with a critique of present practice as being devoted solely to procedural, analytical skills, ignoring issues of power relations and ideologies beneath discourses. The authors put forward some suggestions and recommendations to move beyond critical thinking towards a critical consciousness. After reading this article, the reader would come to a broad picture of the state, the scope, the limitations, the deficiencies, and the needs regarding the teaching and learning of critical thinking in Moroccan Higher education.
      PubDate: 2023-01-16
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2023.6.1.12
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2023)
  • Confrontation Actions Made by Javanese Women in Mangunwijaya’s Durga
           Umayi: A Study of Liberal Feminism

    • Authors: Annisa Rizky Fadilla, Wiyatmi
      Pages: 98 - 106
      Abstract: Liberal feminism puts much effort into manifesting women’s absolute freedom. The research is aimed at disclosing women's confrontation actions to realize freedom and factors encouraging liberal feminism in Durga Umayi, a novel written by Y.B. Mangunwijaya (2018). The novel represents the movement through its characters, especially the main ones, from the perspectives of Javanese women. Using a qualitative approach, the descriptive research explored Durga Umayi to define liberal feminism reflected by confrontation actions made by Javanese women. The results demonstrated diversity in actions motivated by freedom of thought and encouraging factors examined from cultural, psychological, and power aspects.
      PubDate: 2023-01-16
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2023.6.1.14
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2023)
  • A Review of the Effects of Textual Enhancement on Second Language Learning

    • Authors: Tiantian Guo
      Pages: 107 - 111
      Abstract: Textual enhancement refers to techniques for making target linguistic features in a text more perceptually salient. Textual enhancement has been frequently studied as a promising instructional method for promoting language learning. This paper reviewed studies on the role of textual enhancement in terms of vocabulary and grammar learning, second language speaking, writing, reading, and pragmatic competence. In addition, this paper also pointed out the problems of current research and the direction of future research. To prove the effectiveness of second language learning, researchers should further explore the effects of textual enhancement in various language environments.
      PubDate: 2023-01-17
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2023.6.1.15
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2023)
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