Publisher: Sami Publishing Company   (Total: 3 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

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Advanced J. of Chemistry, Section A     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advanced J. of Chemistry, Section B     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J. of Chemical Reviews     Open Access  
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Journal of Chemical Reviews
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2676-6868 - ISSN (Online) 2676-4938
Published by Sami Publishing Company Homepage  [3 journals]
  • A Brief Review on Exceedingly Rare N, N’-Bisindole

    • Abstract: The scope of the present review article is associated with diverse synthetic protocols and significance of N,N′-linked bisindole core. The chemistry involved in making of this type of extremely rare heterocycle always of high significance for the chemists in the field of synthetic chemistry as well as in natural products. The interest becomes need when the motif exists in some bioactive natural products. A detailed discussion has been confined to the literature published till September 2022. To our knowledge, this is the first review article on N,N′-bisindole motif.
  • A Brief Review on Applications of Lignin

    • Abstract: Fossil fuels are used increasingly day by day everywhere on the globe and related to environmental issues like the environmental problems and heating. During this time, attempts are made to seek out sustainable different energy source which is affiliated with fossil material. The foremost important fossil material is plant biomass, especially wood, of the premise of cellulose percentage. However, those materials constituent of lignin have a content of 18-30%. Lignin is mainly used for fuel and has many valuable applications like, nanoparticles synthesis, polycarboxylic acid, supercapacitor electrode, photocatalyst, photovoltaic, etc. Recently, researchers highlighted more sustainable bioenergy production technologies. This review paper focused on different categories application of lignin within the industrial sector which could be a totally sustainable energy conversion.
  • Pesticides’ Taxonomy, Functioning, Their Associated Risks to Human and
           Environment, and Degradation Technologies

    • Abstract: Pesticides are helping to meet up the demand for population growth in today's agriculture. They are also being utilized for numerous issues including domestic pests control, home gardening, and disease vectors. Though, they are extremely poisonous in nature. They also cast false impact on surroundings. When used for the agricultural purpose, their toxic residues are continually left behind, and thus forming a major origin of pollution. The unwanted risky chemical groups are contaminating natural assets at a shocking rate. Agricultural pesticides left behinds are among the most harmful contaminants to the soil and water. Removing them from wastewaters is critical as they have bioaccumulation potential, toxicity, and a high persistence. Pesticides have long been used to improve manufacturing efficiency and extend the shelf-life of food goods. Their residues should be removed from food products and waters to limit human pesticide exposure. To remove pesticides, various processes are usually employed which include the adsorption process, membrane processes, and improved oxidation reactions, while microorganisms degrade them naturally i.e. bioremediation/biodegradation. Many organic and inorganic materials have been fabricated for rapid and complete degradation of pesticides. Semiconductor materials contribute to the pesticide oxidation and reduction because they have a proclivity for producing radicals through the charge separation. This review focuses on the pesticides’ taxonomy, functioning, their associated risks to human and environment, and degradation methods involving the current discoveries and progress in the utilization of several approaches for their probable removal from wastewater. The advanced oxidation, adsorption, bioremediation, photocatalysis, semiconductor materials, phytoremediation, and membrane technologies are some of these processes discussed in this investigation. In the upcoming researches, it will be required to generate the novel concepts in the current farming that will reduce the need of toxic pesticides and enable manufacturing of selective to target and less persistent pesticides.
  • Photocatalytic Degradation of Malachite Green Dye by Metal Oxide
           Nanoparticles - Mini Review

    • Abstract: A wide range of hard adulterants in waste water are generated from different industries as a by-product of the organic compound. In this review, the cationic dye Malachite Green removal from wastewater by photocatalytic route by using various metal oxide nanoparticles is analysed. The effect of some specific parameters like the method of preparing the catalyst, the initial concentration of dye, the amount of nanocatalyst required for degradation, the initial pH of dye solution, type of light source used, and time of light exposure required for removal of dye were specially incorporated. Some general conclusions were made based on the pivotal analysis of literature available. With a view to reach higher removal efficiency, in an economical manner, some optimal testing conditions on degradation of these hard dyes should be carried out.
  • Review on Green Synthesis of Iron-Based Nanoparticles for Environmental

    • Abstract: The use of effective and environmentally acceptable synthetic processes or procedures for the synthesis of nanomaterials is expanding substantially as a result of the nanotechnology relevance and its influence on numerous disciplines, as seen in the recent advancements in the field. This paper is a review of the published literature on the subject of environmentally friendly production of iron-based nanoparticles. In contrast to many conventional methods for the nanomaterials synthesis, the plant-mediated synthesis appears to be a highly intriguing and ecologically benign method. This is because of its simple methodology and eco-friendly approach. The created nanoparticle is simpler to manufacture, more stable, and effective in a range of application areas, as compared with conventional methods of synthesis. As a result, this analysis includes details on the various sources used so far and how the materials were created to be used in environmental applications, paying particular focus on the iron-based nanoparticles.
  • A Comprehensive Review on Materials Having High Oxygen Reduction Reaction
           (ORR) Activity

    • Abstract: Several main energy conversion technologies need the improvement of extremely active, enduring, and economical catalysts for the cathodic oxygen reduction process. Some power conversion techniques including fuel cells and metal air batteries are efficient for the oxygen reduction process. The current improvements in platinum-based materials and platinum-free materials for fuel cell ORR catalysis are studied. Six primary types of contemporary ORR electrocatalysts are elaborated. Moreover, the efficiency of the resulting catalysts in respect of mass activity, kinetic current density, power density, and their inclusion into fuel cell processes, are also investigated. The benefits, drawbacks, performance of catalysts, and the need of rational design methods at the fuel-cell level are emphasized. Furthermore, the core issues, constraints, and possibilities are reviewed for developing inexpensive, more functional active, and stable electrocatalysts in the future.
  • A Review on Phospholipid and Liposome Carriers: Synthetic Methods and
           Their Applications in Drug Delivery

    • Abstract: In drug delivery, it is attempted to keep the biocompatibility of drugs in body organs. For example, it is needed to use a high dosage of anti-cancer drugs several times, which shows side effects such as hair loss and paleness. Therefore, the researchers developed phospholipids, liposomes, and micelles as carriers, causing to delivery of drugs at defined times and organs. In phospholipids, there are hydrophile group and hydrophobe chains the hydrophobe groups of acyles are attached to alcohols and makes various phospholipids. The most common phospholipids are phosphatidyl choline, phosphatidyl ethanol amine, serine, etc. Liposomes are oily visicol in aqueous solutions. Also, liposome carriers are commercially found and the ratio of liposomes to other carriers has been reported. Micelles are comprised of oils in aqueous media. The co-chelating agents are divalent phospholipids of natural materials that are potent in the delivery of fungicides, protein, etc. Microgels are three-dimensional polymer networks colloidal gels. Hydrogels, another candidate for controlled drug release, have a special application in the field of controlled drug release, due to their high internal free volume with high fractions of loaded drugs.
  • Usage and Characteristics of Plasticizers as Ion-Selective Electrodes: A
           Short Review

    • Abstract: Plasticizers is a type of organic materials that can be enhanced to polymers for improving their several characteristics; for example, mechanical properties and pliantness. Plasticizers are veritably significant for the construct of polymeric membrane for potentiometric methods, a significant type of sensors for electrochemical methods. The suitable application of plasticizers in the formulation of membranes for preparing electrodes. The character of the plasticizer effects fundamental operation pointers of the ion-selective membrane electrodes; for example, slope, selectivity, and the area of linear reply. A plasticizer in the membrane formulation has to be well-matched with the ionophore and polymer and have a small solubility and an upper lipophilicity in solution as aqueous. The selection of the high-quality plasticizer for the improvement of a membrane special to an accurate ion ordinarily includes experimental assessments to discover the ionophore with the plasticizer having suitable response properties of the ion-selective electrodes are acquired. Some instances of choosing good suited plasticizer for the formulation of selective electrodes responsive have been given for organic and inorganic ions.
  • Chemistry and Applications of Azo Dyes: A Comprehensive Review

    • Abstract: Azo dyes have a long history and establish a significant constituent in our daily lives. These compounds and their derivatives have several potential applications in different fields, including industry, environmental and biological researches. Different azo compounds were successfully modified to other derivatives, complexes, and polymers. In this work, we reviewed the chemistry and applications of azo dyes investigating organic chemistry of azo dyes, inorganic chemistry of azo dyes, analytical chemistry of azo dyes, and azo dyes-polymers.
  • Review of Cobalt Oxide Nanoparticles: Green Synthesis, Biomedical
           Applications, and Toxicity Studies

    • Abstract: In the last few decades, nanoparticles have been analyzed and employed in various industrial applications. Because of numerous features such as antifungal, photochemical, high catalytic, and antibacterial activities, cobalt oxide nanoparticles have attracted a lot of attention because of high incidence of dangerous compounds and the harsh environments utilized in chemical and physical procedures of synthesis of different nanoparticles. Green Nanoparticles manufacturing approaches have been developed by employing plants, fungus, bacteria, and algae. There is a lot of research exploring numerous green production techniques in regulation to present confirmation of cobalt oxide nanoparticles of applications, biological applications, and non-hazardous effects. As an outcome, we have to gather pertinent review articles from inferior sources. Compared with chemical and physical preparation methods, the green synthesis route appears to be safer and extra environmentally forthcoming for the green preparation of the nanoparticles. However, its biomedical applications in this industry are daily in various procedures such as bio-imaging, biosensors, medication administration, and gene delivery. Moreover, cobalt oxide nanoparticles can operate as smart weapons against many drug-resistant microbes and are a talented antibiotic substitution due to their toxicity facial appearance.
  • Progressive Types of Fe3O4 Nanoparticles and Their Hybrids as Catalysts

    • Abstract: Here, we discuss about several important procedures of preparing Fe3O4 nanoparticles and their hybrids as magnetically and recoverable catalysts. Magnetic nanoparticles could be simply separated by applying the magnetic interaction using a magnetic field. As classified in this study, several groups were used to develope a sequence of magnetic nanoparticles as heterogeneous catalysts in organic transformations and other usages. The progressive preparation of supporting materials is emphasized in this article to develop the quality of magnetic nanoparticles.
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Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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