Publisher: VIA University College, Denmark (Total: 2 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

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Nordic J. of Working Life Studies     Open Access  
Tidsskrift for Professionsstudier     Open Access  
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Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2245-0157 - ISSN (Online) 2245-0157
Published by VIA University College, Denmark Homepage  [2 journals]
  • A Maternal Wall for Refugees' Gender and Labor Market Establishment in
           Sweden

    • Authors: Anne Grönlund, Madelene Nordlund
      Abstract: Using longitudinal register data, we examined gender patterns in the long-term labor market establishment of refugees (n ≈ 11,700) and Swedish-born individuals (n ≈ 109,000). The main question was whether refugee women face greater difficulties than men and if gender differences can be attributed to care responsibilities. With multinomial logistic regression, cox regressions, and individual fixed effects models, refugees were observed at age 29–30 in 1997, then followed to age 50. Results show that both among refugees and Swedish-born, establishment was a protracted and insecure process for women. Over time, women caught up with men but in terms of stable employment, gender gaps prevailed throughout the fertile period and parenthood was negatively related to long-term establishment prospects. Future research should move beyond the focus on labor market entry to capture the mechanisms behind long term insecurities. The timing of parenthood and the importance of adult education are of particular interest.
      PubDate: 2022-03-22
      DOI: 10.18291/njwls.128041
       
  • Private ICT-Activities and Emotions at Work – A Swedish Diary Study

    • Authors: Kristina Palm, Ann Bergman, Calle Rosengren
      Abstract: The boundaries between the work and non-work spheres have been challenged through the rapid development of information and communication technology (ICT). Individuals may easily engage in non-work (family and private) matters at work and during working hours. Prior research on emotions at work tends to understand all emotions at work as work related. By studying non-work matters managed through ICT in a diary study, we suggest that emotions at work are triggered both by work and non-work matters. Our research shows that these emotions can be both positive and negative and may come from actual engagement in private matters, or as a response to a need or a demand to address a private matter. Since emotions affect work performance, for example, we suggest that HR and managers take the causes of workplace emotions into consideration when addressing issues related to emotions at work.
      PubDate: 2022-03-22
      DOI: 10.18291/njwls.128552
       
  • Acting Agentically at Work: Developing a Short Measure of Professional
           Agency

    • Authors: Katja Vähäsantanen, Eija Räikkönen, Susanna Paloniemi, Päivi Hökkä
      Abstract: Although professional agency has become an increasingly crucial issue in work organizations, investigators lack a brief instrument to measure it. This paper introduces a short measure to explore professional agency at work. Our aim was to shorten the original 17-item Professional Agency Measure, while also exploring its usability for cross-validating questionnaire datasets, and investigating the relationship between professional agency and work engagement. Three dimensions of professional agency emerged, with three items per dimension, across the domains of healthcare, real estate services, and information technology (all within Finland). All the dimensions (Influencing at work, Participation at work, and Negotiating professional identity) showed good reliability. The results further revealed that these dimensions of agency are distinct from, but closely and positively linked to work engagement. In particular, our research offers a reliable, short measure of professional agency that is relevant across professional domains in the Nordic context.
      PubDate: 2022-03-22
      DOI: 10.18291/njwls.127869
       
  • Workplace Inclusion Competence and Employer Engagement

    • Authors: Heidi Enehaug, Øystein Spjelkavik, Eivind Falkum, Kjetil Frøyland
      Abstract: Existing active labor market policy (ALMP) measures have been unsuccessful in establishing long- term employment for vulnerable groups.This paper contributes to further development of the role of the employer engagement perspective in ALMP. We introduce the term workplace inclusion competence and explore its association to two distinct work-organizational categories: participa tion- and control-oriented management. We operationalize workplace inclusion competence as inclusion opportunity and inclusion capability. We argue that such competence is dynamic and processual, and find that organizational management-orientation, as well as work pace, employees’ developmental opportunities, financial situation and OSH, have an impact on workplace inclusion competence. Survey data among a sample of managers is analyzed regarding workplaces’ capabilities and opportunities in work inclusion processes. We present two sets of indexes to measure organizational management-orientation and inclusion skills competence. As such, we contribute to the research field by providing new and more specific concepts with adherent question indexes, and by connecting them to a work-organizational perspective.
      PubDate: 2022-03-22
      DOI: 10.18291/njwls.128260
       
  • Combining Work and Pension in Norway: Gathering Information and Imagining
           the Future

    • Authors: Anne Skevik Grødem, Ragni Hege Kitterød
      Abstract: The Norwegian pension system has provided unprecedented flexibility to combine work and pension drawing from the age of 62, and this has become a popular option. Using qualitative interviews with 28 older workers, we explore their information strategies and motivations. We find that many informants struggle to understand the various options and their consequences and use different strategies to shield themselves from insecurity: they downplay the issue or point to factors beyond their control. Two key motives for early pension take-up are the desire to secure the money for one’s family in the event of early death and to get the money while still vigorous. Informants typically imagine life after 80 as quiet and with fewer material demands. In conclusion, the analysis shows how adaptations to the flexible pension system are embedded in notions of ageing, institutional trust, and a newfound sense of ownership regarding one’s retirement savings.
      PubDate: 2022-03-22
      DOI: 10.18291/njwls.127972
       
  • Introduction to NJWLS 2022-1

    • Authors: Anders Buch
      Abstract: This issue of Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies opens the 12th volume of the journal with five new research articles.
      PubDate: 2022-03-22
      DOI: 10.18291/njwls.132119
       
 
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