Publisher: Obrela (Total: 1 journals)   [Sort alphabetically]

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Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience & Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
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Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience & Mental Health
Number of Followers: 3  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2585-2795
Published by Obrela Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Disruptions of Intentionality and Suicidal Behavior

    • Authors: Orestis Giotakos
      Pages: 77 - 87
      Abstract: Suicide is one of the top ten causes of death in all ages. Entrapment plays a key role, characterizing the tunnel vision of individuals experiencing suicidal distress, with suicide becoming the only perceived escape route. Failure or loss of intentionality, precipitating entrapment, maybe is another key factor in the transition from suicidal ideation to enactment. There is not a typical suicide victim and the fluctuating pattern of suicidality can be better explained with non-linear models. The cusp catastrophe model can demonstrate the distal and proximal risks of suicide, including the spectrum of disturbed emotional intentionality. For those with high distal risk, a small increase in a proximal risk may push an individual to jump in a suicidal episode, in a non-linear way. On the other hand, a permanent loss of intentionality object dominates in patients with poor insight, who have feelings that do not represent anything outside of themselves. Emotional intentionality theories can enrich our understanding of the transition phase from suicidal ideation to suicidal action.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      DOI: 10.26386/obrela.v5i2.227
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Cerebral lateralization of language in children at risk for dyslexia: A
           review of neuroscientific evidence

    • Authors: Anastasia-Konstantina Papadopoulou, Filippos Vlachos, Marietta Papadatou-Pastou
      Pages: 89 - 97
      Abstract: Dyslexia is a neurodevelopmental disorder of word-level processing. Ιt is typically diagnosed at school age, when children are expected to learn to read and spell accurately and fluently. One of the neurobiological traits that characterize children with dyslexia is the atypical cerebral lateralization of language. Typical cerebral lateralization of language -meaning increased activation of the left hemisphere compared to the right one during language tasks- is shown for the majority of neurotypical individuals. However, hemispheric activation in children with dyslexia during language processing is more bilateral or right-lateralized. There is evidence that cerebral lateralization of language is partially or completely established before the onset of literacy training, in infancy or kindergarten years. Therefore, atypical lateralization can also be observed in that age and provide an indication of the risk for dyslexia prior to diagnosis. In the present review, our main focus is to present neuroscientific evidence that has associated different components of the cerebral lateralization of language -namely, functional, structural, functional connectivity, and neurogenetic- with the risk for dyslexia. In addition, we stress out the gap of knowledge regarding the cerebral lateralization of written language in children and we present our future goals to address this gap.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      DOI: 10.26386/obrela.v5i2.228
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • A critical discussion of cognitive development theory and information
           processing theory to assess Number Sense in typical developed first
           graders.

    • Authors: Vasileios Ladas
      Pages: 99 - 104
      Abstract: Ladas, V
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      DOI: 10.26386/obrela.v5i2.229
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • The effect of anxiety on adults on the likelihood of developing coronary
           heart disease

    • Authors: Foteini Athanasiadou, Georgios Kasimis
      Pages: 105 - 107
      Abstract: Cardiovascular diseases are a leading cause of death in humans, with mortality rates far exceeding those of other diseases. A number of studies have identified a link between anxiety and coronary heart disease, with anxiety emerging as a risk factor for its occurrence as well as the patient’s outcome due to heart failure. The purpose of this study is to find literature references that explore the occurrence of anxiety symptoms in middle-aged and older persons in conjunction with the occurrence of coronary heart disease.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      DOI: 10.26386/obrela.v5i2.230
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Diversity and counseling psychotherapy

    • Authors: Foteini Athanasiadou, Georgios Kasimis
      Pages: 109 - 112
      Abstract: This paper addresses the issue of diversity in Counseling. More specifically, the concept of diversity is defined and the issues of diversity that one may encounter in the counseling process are identified. Next, the proposed forms of counseling and psychotherapy are mentioned, one of which is analyzed in more detail. Diversity is found in a variety of issues related to ethnicity and race, physique, disability, religion, gender or sexual orientation, socioeconomic status, trauma, and other overlapping characteristics. Apart from the fact that the majority of forms of counseling are based on humanitarian values, diversity needs more specialized care, as different patients respond to different approaches.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      DOI: 10.26386/obrela.v5i2.231
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 2 (2022)
       
 
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