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Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience & Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
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Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience & Mental Health
Number of Followers: 3  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2585-2795
Published by Obrela Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Using mobile apps to treat ADHD in children

    • Authors: Aikaterini Doulou
      Pages: 1 - 10
      Abstract: People are turning to the digital world for answers to challenges in their daily lives as the number of mobile applications increases. People with impairments now have equal opportunities for education because of technological advancements. The majority of their time is now spent on mobile devices by youngsters. Therefore, using mobile applications to solve their issues would be pretty successful. Mobile learning, also known as e-learning programs that utilize mobile devices, can be used as therapeutic methods to enhance executive functioning and quality of life. Additionally, increasing the frequency of exercising cognitive and metacognitive task skills increases motivation in both children and teenagers. Moreover, the understanding and retention of the presented information might be aided by the audiovisual stimuli offered through smartphone applications. As a result, kids with ADHD may be crucial learning sources. Therefore, to enhance the quality of life for children with ADHD, the current study explores the function and efficacy of mobile applications.
      PubDate: 2023-03-31
      DOI: 10.26386/obrela.v6i1.247
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2023)
  • Motor fluctuations in Parkinson’s disease: Perceptions and treatment

    • Authors: Fabrizio Stocchi, Ricardo Oliveira, Francisco Rocha
      Pages: 11 - 24
      Abstract: Background: Levodopa is the gold standard of treatment for Parkinson’s disease, but wearing off leads to motor fluctuations in most patients. Therapeutic strategy for motor fluctuation management relies heavily on physician judgement; however, real-world insight into physician attitudes towards detection and treatment of motor fluctuations is lacking.
      Methods: Multinational qualitative online surveys were conducted among general neurologists and movement disorder specialists treating patients with Parkinson’s disease in the UK, Germany, Italy, Spain, and Portugal in July 2020 (Wave 1) and September 2021 (Wave 2). The Perceptions and Attitudes questionnaire focused on attitudes towards detection and management of motor fluctuations by rating agreement with statements on a 7-point scale. The Treatment Landscape questionnaire involved completion of patient case reports (PCRs) for the four most recently treated patients with motor fluctuations. Results: Respondents agreed that motor fluctuations place a heavy burden on patients (82%/85% in Wave1/2, respectively) and are underdiagnosed (64%/72%), but most do not routinely use screening tools known to increase their detection. Just 3% of neurologists agreed completely with being confident in fully resolving motor fluctuations to their patient’s satisfaction. In contrast with the current evidence, most physicians perceive duration of levodopa treatment as a predictor of motor complications (72%/77%). Fractionating levodopa was the preferred first therapeutic strategy for motor fluctuation management versus adding an adjunct treatment. PCRs revealed that specialist neurologists used adjunct therapy more frequently than general neurologists, either as a first approach (31% versus 15%, respectively) or secondary to levodopa fractionating (62% versus 45%).
      Conclusions: These surveys uncovered knowledge gaps around the predictors of motor fluctuations which could be addressed by future educational initiatives. Earlier detection of motor fluctuations and greater use of available adjunct treatments may help to reduce their burden in patients with Parkinson’s disease.
      PubDate: 2023-03-31
      DOI: 10.26386/obrela.v6i1.261
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2023)
  • Do eating behaviours (restraint, uncontrolled and emotional eating) and
           the general use of emotion regulation strategies (cognitive reappraisal
           and expressive suppression) predict state body dissatisfaction'

    • Authors: N. Karvounopoulos, P. Afentouli, P. Louka
      Pages: 25 - 31
      Abstract: Young girls comparing themselves with thinner women (upward comparison) in social media experience Body Dissatisfaction (BD), which is associated with Disordered Eating Behaviours (DEBs), like Restraint Eating (RE), in an effort to fulfil the thin beauty standards. Recent studies suggest that maladaptive Emotion Regulation Strategies (ERSs) increase BD and DEBS in contrast to the adaptive ones, which can effectively reduce them. However, the researchers in most of these studies instruct ERSs and more recently, researchers who utilised self-report measures have demonstrated controversial results in both studies. Thus, this study adopting a social comparison paradigm, will explore whether the general use of the adaptive Cognitive Reappraisal (CR) and the maladaptive Expressive Suppression and the DEBs of Restraint, Uncontrolled (UE) and Emotional Eating would predict state BD. In addition, the relationships between the predictors will be also explored.
      PubDate: 2023-03-31
      DOI: 10.26386/obrela.v6i1.262
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2023)
  • An interpretative phenomenological analysis for the experience of the
           unconscious and conscious conflict in Greek adults: The trauma response of
           conscious self-rejection, projective understanding of anxiety, and the
           oxymoronic experience of emotion.

    • Authors: Vasileios Ladas
      Pages: 33 - 39
      Abstract: The purpose of this is to unfold the presence of anxiety in its incomprehensible form that is experienced at a collective level, with the global literature arguing that incomprehensible anxiety is a derivative of the lack of awareness of the unconscious level, causing a four-dimensional discomfort in human biology, the intelligence quotient, emotional and spiritual intelligence. Having in the central background the research of Parlapani and colleagues, which wants Greek adults to be on a spectrum of social depression and anxiety in response to the social changes of recent years and in the absence of psychodynamic and analytical approaches related to the research of the immersive experience conflict of the conscious and the unconscious in Greece, this research, using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis, attempted to capture the emotional variation caused by this conflict, and its potential refraction in overall health in 8 (4 women & 4 men) Greeks adults. Semi-structured interviews were used and specific questions, in order to direct participants’ attention to the conflict in question, were asked. From the data analysis, three super-themes were selected for their ability to more realistically capture the experience of experiencing the conflict: “The traumatic response of repulsion of the conscious self”, “The projective understanding of the anxiety” and “The oxymoronic experience of emotions”. In conclusion, the analysis reflects questions about the difficulty that individuals have in maintaining beliefs based on both awareness and their philosophical ability to be able, not necessarily to interpret, but to approach with intentions of understanding the unconscious, in order for the incomprehensible anxiety to be more understood. Overall, social factors seem to explain the incomprehensible form of anxiety.
      PubDate: 2023-03-31
      DOI: 10.26386/obrela.v6i1.263
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2023)
  • The impact of Dr Barry Sears’ diet on employee stress: a preliminary

    • Authors: E. Gkiolia, P. Darvyri, A. Ktenidis, F. Ntalianis, A. Smirniotou
      Pages: 41 - 46
      Abstract: Work stress can lead to health and performance problems for employees who are unable to cope with it. The main objective of this study was to investigate whether Dr Sears’ diet affects employees’ stress. Data was collected from a sample of 100 employees who were employed by different companies in the broader area of Attica, once a week for a period of three weeks. Of those who participated in the study 56% were male. The results showed that Dr Sears’diet had a beneficial effect on participants’ stress levels, which decreased from the first week of implementation and continued to decline during the second and third week. Future research should focus on long-term effects of this diet on employee behavior related to motivation and performance, to deepen our understanding of the significant role of nutrition at work.
      PubDate: 2023-03-31
      DOI: 10.26386/obrela.v6i1.264
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2023)
  • Technology-based ADHD therapies and alternative non-drug options

    • Authors: Aikaterini Doulou
      Pages: 47 - 57
      Abstract: Since so many studies have been conducted over the past ten years, we now have ample information about the profile and management of ADHD. Children with ADHD frequently struggle in school and with their attitude because of issues with cognitive and metacognitive skills. Due to inadequate management and interventions, it frequently happens that they are marginalized at school or the home. The development of these children’s emotional intelligence and abilities like self-awareness, self-regulation, and self-control is crucial for enhancing their life quality and their interactions with adults and peers. Medication, behavior modification, or a combination of the two are typically used to treat ADHD. The efficacy of behavioral therapies is examined in this research, in addition to the use of recent technology for treating ADHD.
      PubDate: 2023-03-31
      DOI: 10.26386/obrela.v6i1.265
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 1 (2023)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762

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