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Problemy Wczesnej Edukacji / Issues in Early Education
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1734-1582 - ISSN (Online) 2451-2230
Published by Uniwersytetu Gdańskiego Homepage  [20 journals]
  • “Uncle Vova, we are with you!” The use of childhood semantics in
           Russian political propaganda

    • Authors: Wojciech Siegień
      Pages: 7 - 21
      Abstract: The presented article focuses on the analysis of the semantic field of childhood in the propaganda of Soviet and modern Russia. Using a semantic analysis inspired by the works of A. Wierzbicka and J. Lakoff, the author analyses the historical semantic sources of propaganda and the use of the category of childhood in them. An example of an analysed propaganda product is the song “Uncle Vova, we are with you!” published online in 2017. The analysis proves that the semantics of the Russian propaganda message is based on patterns from previous eras with an invariant element – World War II, which is a kind of myth about the beginning of the Russian world. The war in Ukraine today additionally updates the meanings related to the armed conflict and patriotism. The analysis shows that childhood implies patriotism that invokes military meanings and is deeply immersed in the historical context of the war.
      PubDate: 2022-12-12
      DOI: 10.26881/pwe.2022.55.01
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 2 (2022)
  • Hegemonic childhood in the Polish community of West Prussia in the second
           half of the 19th and early 20th centuries

    • Authors: Paweł Śpica
      Pages: 22 - 36
      Abstract: In this article, I present the hegemonic concept of childhood in the second half of the 19th and early 20th centuries among the Polish community of West Prussia. The subject of the analyses was the content of articles dealing with children’s issues, published in the local Polish press. The essential feature of the hegemonic discourse of childhood for the Polish community in the analysed region was that it was clearly based on the Catholic religion and national ideas, as well as on a strong relationship with the conservative and post-feudal image of family relations. The conducted research made possible the identification of seven basic categories of the hegemonic understanding of childhood in the Polish environment of West Prussia, which are: Polish and Catholic childhood, childhood sensitive to the needs of others, heroic childhood, tidy and pupil childhood, neat and orderly childhood, childhood based on obedience and subordination, sexual purity childhood.
      PubDate: 2022-12-12
      DOI: 10.26881/pwe.2022.55.02
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 2 (2022)
  • Recommendations for parents and caregivers of children at risk of gambling
           in light of systematic review of literature

    • Authors: Justyna Kusztal, Małgorzata Piasecka
      Pages: 37 - 46
      Abstract: The cognitive goal of this article is to provide the knowledge needed to strengthen the educational and preventive competencies of parents and caregivers in the prevention of gambling disorders in children and adolescents. The practical goal, therefore, is to formulate recommendations for parents and caregivers in the upbringing and prevention of gambling disorders in the family and peer environment. The article is a review. This article, which is aligned with theme of the journal, refers to research on the risk factors of gambling disorders in children and adolescents and was based on an analysis of foundational data from a systematic review of English-language scholarly journals over the years 2013–2021. The results of the data analysis made possible a qualitative synthesis and formulation of recommendations for parenting and preventive practice for parents and caregivers.
      PubDate: 2022-12-12
      DOI: 10.26881/pwe.2022.55.03
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 2 (2022)
  • Obrazy dziecięcej zabawy (z) muzyką w wypowiedziach pokolenia
           pięćdziesięciolatków – kontekst kulturowy i pedagogiczny muzycznej

    • Authors: Ewa Szatan
      Pages: 47 - 65
      Abstract: Musical play is one of the forms of children’s activity. You can indicate its values, define goals and functions. It is a type of activity that a child undertakes voluntarily. In history, the approach of adults to children’s play has been different, but in the last century it has been noticed that through play / play, it is easier for a younger child to learn about the world and reality, and the knowledge thus acquired is more permanent. I was interested in what images of children’s musical games was remembered by adults from the 50-year-old generation who lived their childhood in conditions other than modern children. The text is an attempt to describe their experiences and place them in a pedagogical and cultural context.
      PubDate: 2022-12-12
      DOI: 10.26881/pwe.2022.55.04
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 2 (2022)
  • Klimat i system organizacji żłobka a poczucie własnej skuteczności
           opiekunów dzieci do lat trzech

    • Authors: Krystyna Heland-Kurzak
      Pages: 66 - 80
      Abstract: Research about self-efficacy of caregivers of children up to 3 years of age and the climate and organization system of the facility were carried out in all public nurseries in Warsaw. Two hundred twenty four childcare worker in nurseries participated in the study. The study showed that the climate correlated with the influence of the childcare worker’s self-efficacy, while no such relationship with age, work experience or education was observed. Self-efficacy was seen as connected with the atmosphere created in the nursery and positively correlated with it. This relationship was not found in relation to age, experience, or education.
      PubDate: 2022-12-12
      DOI: 10.26881/pwe.2022.55.05
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 2 (2022)
  • Efektownie czy efektywnie' Analiza wizualnych właściwości
           podręczników do edukacji wczesnoszkolnej w kontekście rekomendacji
           poznawczych teorii uczenia się

    • Authors: Małgorzata Ciesielska
      Pages: 81 - 93
      Abstract: Textbooks have for years held a dominant position among the teaching resources used in the education system, being so common that it is difficult to imagine a school without them. Research on textbooks has scarcely addressed their visual layer, often recognising that the greatest influence on the effectiveness of these materials is the content and the method adopted. However, research conducted within the framework of the cognitive load theory and the cognitive theory of multimedia learning demonstrates that the visual form of educational materials can influence the effectiveness of learning, particularly for beginning learners. The article presents the results of an analysis of three paper textbooks and one e-book for early childhood education that are commonly used in Polish public schools. The text is also a form of reflection on the reason for the decrease in the level of design and the lack of interest in a scientific approach to textbook design.
      PubDate: 2022-12-12
      DOI: 10.26881/pwe.2022.55.06
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 2 (2022)
  • Pokolenie Alfa w szkole. Działania projektowo-wdrożeniowe z
           wykorzystaniem ICT

    • Authors: Eunika Baron-Polańczyk, Agnieszka Nowak-Łojewska
      Pages: 94 - 105
      Abstract: The text describes project activities which were created in response to the previous diagnostic-correlation research within the area of ICT competences carried out among schoolchildren and teachers in Lubuskie and adjacent voivodeships by E. Baron-Polańczyk. It consists of a theoretical introduction including the characteristics of website-related education, some reflexions on X, Y, Z and Alpha generations as well as the interpretation of activities of these groups in modern school. The following part of the text comprises some examples of project activities carried out in 2017–2022 among children and teenagers from rural areas and small towns of Lubuskie voivodeship. These activities exploited practical methods of mixed education, learning through experiencing and interdisciplinary education based on STEAM concept. A lot of attention was paid to solutions inspired by Lego sets: Lego MINDSTORMS, Lego Classic, Lego Education etc.
      PubDate: 2022-12-12
      DOI: 10.26881/pwe.2022.55.07
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 2 (2022)
  • Invitation to heretical reading of Montessori pedagogy

    • Authors: Jarosław Jendza
      Pages: 106 - 119
      Abstract: In the article the author invites readers to initiate a certain mode of reading that – inspired by Agamben and Holmes – is called heretical reading. Following the latter, the article suggests that it is important to read Montessori in a heretical way in order to keep this idea open and “alive”. This mode of reading demands constant attempts of playing with the pillars or the main categories of this educational approach. The article is divided into three sections. The first part refers to the socio-historical context of Montessori writings and their reception in Poland. The second part problematizes the issue of dogmatisation and privatization of the knowledge on Montessori and thus making it difficult for the heretical reading to come into being. The last part is devoted to the preliminary sketch of the idea of heretical reading. Following Bourdieu and Agamben the author presents the mode of play – conceived of as an “unappropriate” use of a certain Thing – as a possible initiation of the intellectual experiment that can be called a heretical reading.
      PubDate: 2022-12-12
      DOI: 10.26881/pwe.2022.55.08
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 2 (2022)
  • Rozwiązywanie zadań tekstowych przez studentów – przyszłych
           nauczycieli edukacji wczesnoszkolnej

    • Authors: Beata Bugajska-Jaszczołt
      Pages: 120 - 133
      Abstract: The results of the research aimed at diagnosing the ability to solve textual tasks by the students – candidates for lower primary teachers are presented in the article. The research was carried out between the years 2017 and 2019. It comprised 392 students of pedagogy with teaching specialization. The main research method was a competency test, and the technique was document analysis. The research shows that the students have well-mastered calculational algorithms and techniques but they have difficulties in presenting their reasoning in the language of mathematics. A large group of students strive to write down the solution in the form of a ready mathematical formula, without representing the situation on a drawing/diagram or manipulating on concretes to help them solve the problem.
      PubDate: 2022-12-12
      DOI: 10.26881/pwe.2022.55.09
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 2 (2022)
  • The exercise of the right of prison inmates to have contact with their
           children in the context of contemporary research on childhood

    • Authors: Karolina Chorąży, Justyna Kusztal
      Pages: 134 - 149
      Abstract: The article relates to the subject of the presence of adults in the world of children, because it presents the results of research conducted between December 2021 and April 2022, concerning the ways of exercising the right of prison inmates to have contact with their children. The research was conducted based on the method of a systematic review of literature, where the analysis was based on academic articles published in 3 journals, i.e. “Resocjalizacja Polska”, “Archiwum Kryminologii”, and “Nowa Kodyfikacja Prawa Karnego” from 2017 to 2021, and on legal acts. Many articles concluded that the relationships of imprisoned parents with their children have a major impact on the process of the parents’ social rehabilitation, because the parent-child bond is an important factor in this process.
      PubDate: 2022-12-12
      DOI: 10.26881/pwe.2022.55.10
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 2 (2022)
  • Tradycja czy nowoczesność – obraz współczesnego ojca dziecka w wieku
           wczesnoszkolnym. Raport z badań

    • Authors: Łucja Reczek-Zymróz
      Pages: 150 - 165
      Abstract: Family faces new challenges – a father does not have to maintain his family or gain and defend. The emotional contact is becoming the foundation. In the text of this article, the changes which were the consequence of the father’s functioning were analysed: the model of a family, activities considered typical for fathers and mothers, caring and pedagogical activities undertaken by respondents. In the research carried out by means of a questionnaire (interview), 200 fathers (aged 30–50) of early school-age children participated. The research was done in Poland between 2018 and 2020. The results of the research indicate that the role of the father is changing, although often declaratively. In families, the focus of child care has shifted towards the father, and its main task is no longer to support the family materially. Undoubtedly, these changes determine the education of respondents, as well as – to a lesser extent – the age of fathers.
      PubDate: 2022-12-12
      DOI: 10.26881/pwe.2022.55.11
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 2 (2022)
  • „Ucieczka z systemu”. Edukacja domowa z perspektywy
           rodziców dzieci szkolnych

    • Authors: Emilia Frasunkiewicz
      Pages: 166 - 181
      Abstract: Homeschooling has gained significant interest in the recent years. Despite this, the number of home schooled pupils in Poland does not exceed 0.5% of all students, making homeschooling a niche alternative. This article attempts to discuss the need to revive the awareness around home education, including reasons for choosing this educational path, its advantages, disadvantages, consequences and the level of parental satisfaction. Starting with the critique of the current schooling system as motivation in moving towards educational alternatives, I conclude homeschooling to be an escape from the traditional schooling system. I have analysed data collected from parents of school-aged children in an attempt to recreate their view of contemporary home education. In contrast to existing research, my findings were collected under conditions of remote learning related to the covid19 pandemic. I believe that embedding my research in a quantitative strategy will allow further systematic exploration of this area and consolidation of reliable comprehension of home education in Poland.
      PubDate: 2022-12-12
      DOI: 10.26881/pwe.2022.55.12
      Issue No: Vol. 55, No. 2 (2022)
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