Publisher: Asia-Pacific International University (Total: 1 journals)   [Sort alphabetically]

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Human Behavior, Development and Society     Open Access  
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Human Behavior, Development and Society
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2651-1762
Published by Asia-Pacific International University Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Human Behavior, Development and Society - April 2022 Issue

    • Authors: Chomphunut Phutikettrkit
      PubDate: 2022-04-27
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2022)
  • Letter from Editor

    • Authors: Chomphunut Phutikettrkit
      PubDate: 2022-04-25
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2022)
  • Studying Families in Southeast Asia

    • Authors: Bayu Kaumpungan
      Pages: 7–17 - 7–17
      Abstract: As one of the most fundamental parts of social structure, marriage significantly influences society. In Indonesia, the complexity of issues in a marriage is increased considerably by the practice of polygamy. Historically, polygamy has been a part of Indonesian society. Nonetheless, as Indonesia progresses to become more democratic society, women’s rights in polygamous households has become a topic of tension among Indonesians. The effort to address women's rights in polygamy is confronted with a sensitive hurdle due to the close association of polygamy with religious beliefs, particularly within Islam. As defined by the faith, polygamy was designed to be the social welfare protection system for a widow and her children. However, the modern practice has deviated from its original intention and is at risk of harming women’s rights. As such, establishing a broader perspective of polygamy with an approach that leans more towards accepting Indonesian plurality and tolerance is critical for protecting women’s rights.
      PubDate: 2022-04-25
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2022)
  • Homeschooling among Families Living in Thailand

    • Authors: Nellah Laing Pedragosa, Josephine E. Katenga
      Pages: 18–2 - 18–2
      Abstract: This phenomenological study explored the experiences of homeschooling families living in Thailand. The study's objectives were to establish reasons for homeschooling and analyze the challenges faced. Ten families participated in the study. Data collection methods included individual and focus group interview sessions. The data analysis showed that parents were dissatisfied with public and private school systems because of the inadequate moral and religious instruction and the perceived negative psychosocial influences on their children's development. Parents also homeschool because of their sense of self-efficacy, which is shaped by three factors: their level of education, their passion for providing a holistic education that includes academic, spiritual, social, and emotional development, and the availability of appropriate homeschooling curricula.
      PubDate: 2022-04-25
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2022)
  • Demographic Factors Influencing Tolerance towards LGBT Individuals among

    • Authors: Hsin-Nie Ling, Su-Hie Ting
      Pages: 30 - 41
      Abstract: This study examined the influence of demographic characteristics on tolerance towards LGBT in Malaysia. The specific aspects studied were: (1) views on LGBT sexual orientation; (2) views on rights of LGBT individuals; and (3) relationships between demographic characteristics and views on LGBT sexual orientation and rights. Questionnaire data were collected from 413 respondents living in Malaysia (88.1% heterosexuals; 11.9% LGBT). A majority of respondents were degree holders (82.8%) in their twenties (82.3%) and of Chinese descent (71.7%). The results showed moderate tolerance towards LGBT sexual orientation where some respondents felt that heterosexuality is best because of religion and morality, while others believed that people are born with LGBT tendencies and need not keep their sexual orientation a secret. Interestingly, the respondents were receptive towards LGBT rights, including the right to organise public events, adopt a child, and have same-sex marriage. ANOVA results showed that age, ethnic group, religious background, and sexual orientation influenced tolerance towards LGBT sexual orientation and rights. Older individuals, Malay and Sabah indigenous, Muslims, Christians, and heterosexuals seemed to be the least supportive of LGBT. The study suggests that openness towards LGBT is growing among the younger generation.
      PubDate: 2022-04-25
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2022)
  • The Intangible Impacts of Mass Running Events on
           Communities–Evidence from Thailand

    • Authors: Parichat Jantori, Kannapa Pongponrat
      Pages: 42 - 49
      Abstract: The increase of mass running events and numbers of running participants confirms the arrival of a running boom in many countries around the world, including Thailand. Despite the increasing popularity in recreational running and running events, research related to running events as small-scale events and their impacts remain scarce. Thus, in this study the aim was to examine the impacts of mass running events on the community with special attention on intangible impacts. A qualitative research approach and qualitative content analysis were applied. Based on in-depth interviews, this study concluded that besides tangible economic and tourism related impacts, mass running events generate diverse intangible benefits including creating community pride and unity. This creates a trickle-down effect and forms a new sports culture, develops and enhances public spaces and infrastructure, affords opportunities for knowledge sharing and business start-ups. The limitation of this study was its generalizability and comparability of findings, as the findings are derived primarily from key informants closely associated with the organization of mass running events. Future research should explore other research approaches that might better account for the impacts of mass running events.
      PubDate: 2022-04-25
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2022)
  • Reflecting on Criticisms of Positive Psychology

    • Authors: Douglas Rhein, Ian McDonald
      Pages: 50–5 - 50–5
      Abstract: The field of positive psychology has grown and spread quickly. Unsurprisingly, such rapid growth has led to some confusion about what, exactly, positive psychology is. Positive psychology has also attracted a number of critics who have questioned its necessity, validity, and relevance to non-Western cultures. This article presents these criticisms and responds to each of them. Instead of being seen as a separate field, the authors argue that positive psychology is best viewed as a rebalancing of psychology’s focus as a whole. The article examines the immediate and powerful impact that ideas and practices from positive psychology have had on individuals, schools, organizations, and nations. The authors suggest that such quick and ready acceptance of positive psychology’s core ideas and practices reflects the presence of a pre-existing imbalance within the field of psychology and calls for a more correct understanding of what is meant by a positive psychology. The article concludes by arguing that the study of flourishing should not be viewed as a new field of psychology. Instead, it should be seen as a complement to existing psychological theory and practice, with the result being a more holistic understanding of what it means to be human.
      PubDate: 2022-04-25
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2022)
  • Customer Satisfaction and Loyalty as Influenced by Service Quality, Trust,
           and Perceived Value in Chinese Language Training Centers in Bangkok,

    • Authors: Li Xing, Phanasan Kohsuwan
      Pages: 59 - 69
      Abstract: Learning the Chinese language as a third language (after English as a second language) is trending among younger generations in Thailand, indicating the need for Chinese language training centers. In this study, five dimensions of service quality were investigated (tangibles, reliability, responsiveness, assurance, and empathy), together with trust and perceived value, to observe their contribution to customer satisfaction at Chinese language training centers in Bangkok. Additionally, the influence of customer satisfaction on customer loyalty and five dimensions of loyalty outcomes were examined—identification, exclusive consideration, advocacy, strength of preference, and share of wallet. Survey data was collected (N = 482) and analyzed using the structural equation modeling technique. The findings showed that the assurance dimension of service quality had a positive influence on customer satisfaction, and reliability and empathy of service quality had a positive influence on trust. Management could enhance trust through arranging appropriate Chinese classes, giving strong service support, and providing flexible class schedules. Customer satisfaction could be increased through hiring more experienced teachers and offering scholarship possibilities.
      PubDate: 2022-04-25
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2022)
  • Expansion and Speculation of the Creation Theme in the Apocrypha and

    • Authors: Gerard Bernard
      Pages: 70–8 - 70–8
      Abstract: In this study the theme of creation in the Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha is explored. From the Apocrypha, the study focuses on selected creation references from the Wisdom of Ben Sira, Baruch, the Wisdom of Solomon, and the Prayer of Manasseh. From the Pseudepigrapha, creation references are selected from the Book of Jubilees, the Book of the Secrets of Enoch (2 Enoch), and the Apocalypse of Ezra (4 Ezra). Even though in most cases both the Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha generally follow many of the Old Testament creation traditions, they also interpret the creation account of Genesis 1–2 through the lens of other creation passages in the Old Testament. As a result, they modify and expand certain creation images and ideas. Moreover, they also have the tendency to speculate. The speculation involves, in most cases, adding details to the creation narrative of Genesis 1–2 so as to clarify what is not mentioned in the narrative.
      PubDate: 2022-04-25
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2022)
  • Reducing and Resolving Conflicts in Family Businesses in Myanmar

    • Authors: Lal Din Mawi
      Pages: 82–9 - 82–9
      Abstract: In a number of countries, family businesses predominate and represent their economic backbone, as they generate wealth and employment. The purpose of this qualitative study was to identify the characteristics of conflicts in family businesses and to make focused recommendations for the management and resolution of such conflicts. In-depth interviews were conducted with 12 participants from seven distinct family-owned businesses in Kalay Town, Myanmar. The findings indicated that task, process, and relationship conflicts are prevalent in family businesses. Seven conflict management strategies were frequently used to deal with these conflicts—open communication, confrontation, debate or discussion, rotating responsibility, involving a third party, accommodation, and avoidance. Effective governance can improve family business dynamics, along with reducing and preventing conflicts.
      PubDate: 2022-04-25
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2022)
  • Characteristics of Major Negative Interpersonal Events (MNIE) among
           Palestinian Adolescents

    • Authors: Khalil Aburezeq
      First page: 93
      Abstract: The characteristics of Major Negative Interpersonal Events among Palestinian adolescents were investigated in terms of gender, age, family composition, and the education of parents. Descriptive-analytical and analytical approaches were adopted. Four hundred and ten adolescents were selected and surveyed using a Major Negative Interpersonal Events Measurement questionnaire. The study found the following: Adolescents mainly faced MNIE that relate to their own experiences, while classmates-related MNIE was found to be the fifth and the last factor experienced by adolescents. There were no gender differences that were related to family, classmates, the adolescents themselves, or teacher MNIEs. There were differences in friends-related MNIE attributed to females but no differences were found among the factors investigated. Adolescents who lived with their father and his children suffered from teachers-related MNIEs. There were differences attributed to their father's education across all factors, but not to their mother's education in factors such as classmates, self, and teachers. Adolescents whose mothers had a university degree had family-related MNIEs and friends-related MNIEs. These results revealed the context/domains affecting adolescents' lives in Palestine and, consequently, they give a more comprehensive understanding of the social ties experienced by Palestinian adolescents.
      PubDate: 2022-04-27
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2022)
  • A Study on the Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Hospitality
           Graduates’ Employability

    • Authors: Rachaniphorn Ngotngamwong
      Pages: 105– - 105–
      Abstract: The hospitality industry was hard hit by the COVID-19 pandemic, with lockdowns and travel restrictions resulting in huge layoffs and greatly reduced employment opportunities. The purpose of this phenomenological qualitative investigation was to study the experiences of International Hospitality Management graduates as they searched for employment during the COVID-19 pandemic when hospitality jobs were scarce. Ten graduates from a university in Bangkok, Thailand, representing five different nationalities participated in in-depth interviews via Line and Zoom applications. It was found that pandemic-related obstacles in job hunting did not deter the participants from seeking employment. When hospitality work opportunities were unavailable (except in China), participants sought employment in other industries and were successful. Instead of viewing the pandemic as a threat or a defeat, most respondents saw it as an opportunity to explore other professions. Exposure to non-hospitality jobs was beneficial, adding value to their resumes and reflecting their resilience. The usefulness of knowledge gained from their degree work varied according to the jobs obtained. While a few expressed interest in the hospitality industry when it recovers, others did not want to be employed in the hospitality industry anymore after experiencing alternative options.
      PubDate: 2022-04-25
      Issue No: Vol. 23, No. 1 (2022)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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