Publisher: Department of Disease Control, Ministry of Public Health, Thailand   (Total: 1 journals)   [Sort by number of followers]

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Disease Control Journal
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ISSN (Online) 2651-1649
Published by Department of Disease Control, Ministry of Public Health, Thailand Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Guidance on reducing work-related fatigue by elastic band exercise for
           medical laboratory technicians

    • Authors: Saksith Kulwong, Anamai Thetkathuek, Nattakarn Naknual, Pimchanok Naksawad, Sutimon Ng-oenbumrung, Pimkaew Assadongsimaksuk, Sasicha Chamchookul
      Pages: 1 - 11
      Abstract: Recently, there has been an increased trend in the incidence of muscle fatigue and work-related musculoskeletal symptoms. The causes of these problems are found to be related to the nature of work, work conditions, and poor work postures. As the workload on laboratory analysis of clinical samples has significantly increased due to the ongoing outbreaks of Coronavirus disease (COVID-19), medical technologists are required to work much harder with longer hours. This increasing laboratory analysis work has consequently caused muscle fatigue and musculoskeletal symptoms among medical technologists and laboratory technicians. However, scientific literature on risk factors, prevalence, and preventive measures among these occupations are still limited. The aim of this study was to provide thThis study proposed a guidance for preventing and solving this problem. This scientific article was prepared by searching, studying, and analyzing the data and information from scientific databases, as well as by a thorough review of elastic band exercise model which has proved effective in reducing muscle fatigue and pain. The data and information were then presented as scientific article. The results showed that prevalence of fatigue and musculoskeletal symptoms in these occupation groups mostly occurred in the back, neck, and shoulder. The major causes included working under high pressure, long working hours with microscopes, awkward postures such as neck and back bending, static postures of neck and shoulders, and eye strain. Previous studies have demonstrated that elastic band exercise induced flexibility and reduced individual muscle fatigue and pain effectively. Based on the studies of elastic band exercise, an exercise program recommended for these occupations consists of three stretches, followed by five exercises for 8-10 sets each. The program requires 90 minutes a day, cumulative for 3 days a week, and 8 weeks long. In conclusion, elastic band exercise can be considered as effective, safe and economical method to reduce fatigue and pain of the muscles for medical laboratory technicians and medical technologists.
      PubDate: 2022-03-30
      DOI: 10.14456/dcj.2022.1
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 1 (2022)
  • Knowledge, Attitude, Practice towards COVID-19 infection of nursing
           personnel in Nopparat Rajathanee Hospital, Thailand in 2021

    • Authors: Saiwaroon Hongpanut, Sornwit Osothsinlp
      Pages: 12 - 21
      Abstract: An assessment of the competence of nursing personnel for responding to the COVID-19 outbreak situation is they are the main force in the care and prevention of the epidemic. This descriptive cross-sectional study was aimed to describe the knowledge, attitude, and practice towards COVID-19 infection of nursing personnel in Nopparat Rajathanee hospital, Bangkok, Thailand. The data were collected by online questionnaires and analyzed using descriptive statistics and multivariable logistic regression. A total of 554 nursing personnel were mostly female (94.9%) with a bachelor's degree or equivalent (81.4%) and worked as a registered nurse (60.3%). It was found that the sample group had a moderate level of knowledge of COVID-19 infection (62.0 ± 28.7%), the attitudes towards COVID-19 were moderate (60.8% ± 14.9%) and prevention behaviors of COVID-19 were high (91.1% ± 8.2%). For personal factors that clearly affect knowledge, including education level, and working positions as a registered nurse. However, the factor affecting the level of preventive behavior clearly was found in registered nurse 2.18 times (95% CI = 1.0 - 8.8) when compares to nurse aid. From the study it can be concluded that nursing personnel have moderate knowledge and attitudes, but they have quite good preventive behavior, especially among registered nurses. For nursing personnel other than registered nurses, knowledge and practice should be added to promote better prevention behaviors.
      PubDate: 2022-03-30
      DOI: 10.14456/dcj.2022.2
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 1 (2022)
  • Factors associated with the decision to receive COVID-19 vaccination among
           patients with chronic diseases at Somdejprabuddhalertla Hospital,
           Samutsongkhram province, Thailand

    • Authors: Jiraporn boontho
      Pages: 22 - 32
      Abstract: The public health crisis resulting from the SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) pandemic has resulted in tremendous morbidity and mortality. Long-term control of the COVID-19 pandemic hinges on the development, distribution, and uptake of vaccines. This study aimed to examine the factors associated with the decision to receive COVID-19 vaccination among patients with chronic diseases at Somdejprabuddhalertla Hospital, Samutsongkhram province, Thailand. A questionnaire based on the Health Belief Model was used to assess multiple factors. Univariate and multivariate analysis were carried out by using the chi-square test and logistic regression analysis, respectively. The study found that 48.33% of patients with underlying medical conditions intended to take COVID-19 vaccination. Factors associated with the decision to take COVID-19 vaccination were more male patients (OR 1.97; 95%CI 1.12-3.48) intending to receive COVID-19 vaccination, those with better education (OR 2.01; 95%CI 1.04-3.85) intending to be administered with COVID-19 vaccine and agreement with the statement “vaccination can prevent COVID-19” (OR 1.32; 95%CI 1.05-1.84), which represents a statistically significant difference (p<0.05). The most dominant communication channels through which the patients had received COVID-19-related information were TV news (56%) and online news (18.33%). This study showed that patients’ knowledge about COVID-19 (in terms of disease knowledge and vaccine efficacy, safety, and adverse events) could raise awareness about the prevention of and vaccination against COVID-19 in patients with chronic diseases. In addition, doctors and healthcare personnel should also give correct and reliable information to the patients
      PubDate: 2022-03-30
      DOI: 10.14456/dcj.2022.3
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 1 (2022)
  • A comparative study of the difference of PUI who COVID-19 infected and not
           infected in Intensive care unit in Ramadhibodi Chakri Naruebodindra

    • Authors: Wasana Lavin, Porntip Yooyadmak, Varanporn Panasittivana
      Pages: 33 - 42
      Abstract: การศึกษาย้อนหลังในกลุ่มผู้ป่วย PUI ที่ติดเชื้อ COVID-19 และกลุ่มไม่ติดเชื้อ COVID-19 ที่เข้ารักษาในหอผู้ป่วยวิกฤต โรงพยาบาลรามาธิบดีจักรีนฤบดินทร์ ตั้งแต่วันที่ 1 มกราคม พ.ศ 2563 ถึง วันที่ 31 กรกฎาคม พ.ศ 2563 จำนวน 26 ราย ข้อมูลในระบบการบันทึกข้อมูลอิเล็กทรอนิกส์ทางการแพทย์ และวิเคราะห์ข้อมูลด้วยสถิติ Mann-Whitney U test เพื่อเปรียบเทียบความแตกต่างของตัวแปร ได้แก่ ค่าเฉลี่ย อายุ ระยะเวลาที่นอนรักษาตัวในหอผู้ป่วยวิกฤต ภาวะโภชนาการ คะแนนบราเดน ค่าน้ำหนักสัมพัทธ์ปรับตามวันนอน ระหว่างผู้ป่วย PUI ที่ติดเชื้อ COVID-19 และกลุ่มไม่ติดเชื้อ COVID-19 ผลการศึกษาในผู้ป่วยทั้งสองกลุ่มพบระยะเวลาที่นอนรักษาตัวในหอผู้ป่วยวิกฤต (median=8, SD=9.80 และ median=3, SD=0.90) และค่าน้ำหนักสัมพัทธ์ปรับตามวันนอน (median=2.01, SD=3.47 และ median=0.91, SD=1.13) มีความแตกต่างกันในผู้ป่วย 2 กลุ่ม (p<0.01 และ p=0.02 ตามลำดับ) ผลการศึกษามีความสอดคล้องระหว่างระยะเวลาที่นอนรักษาตัวในหอผู้ป่วยวิกฤตกับค่าน้ำหนักสัมพัทธ์ปรับตามวันนอน ซึ่งระบุถึงค่ารักษาที่จะได้รับในการรักษาผู้ป่วยสูงขึ้น ในกลุ่มผู้ป่วยติดเชื้อ COVID-19 มากกว่ากลุ่มกลุ่มไม่ติดเชื้อ COVID-19 ที่เฝ้าระวัง
      PubDate: 2022-03-30
      DOI: 10.14456/dcj.2022.4
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 1 (2022)
  • Prevalence of hepatitis B virus infection among children born to mothers
           with hepatitis B in Maha Sarakham province during 2015-2019

    • Authors: Pissamai Surakan, Saranchit Inson, Supattra Simatan, Nathada Suanphai, Nuttaporn Leenwiphat
      Pages: 43 - 51
      Abstract: The aims of this study are to identify a prevalence of Hepatitis B infections among children who were born from Hepatitis B infected mothers, to study descriptive epidemiology of children and mother, and to study the association of children vaccinated with HBV and immunization. The study was a retrospective descriptive study. The sample sizes were 168 children, being born from infected mothers who had participated in a project called “2020 Hepatitis-B elimination from mother to child” in Maha Sarakham province. Data- recorded forms had been used as tools, collecting data from January until June 2020. Data analysis was performed by using a descriptive statistic and the associations were tested by Fisher’s Exact Test. Results of the study revealed that 1) the prevalence of children who were born from Hepatitis-B infected mothers in Maha Sarakham province during 2015 to 2019 was 2 percent. 2) For general information of 186 children, there were 53 percent of boys, whose ages were between 9 months old to 5 years old, 44.62 percent had received HBIG, 89.24 percent had completed Hepatitis B Vaccine and 76.34 percent had Hepatitis B immunity. A total of 168 Hepatitis-B infected mothers had an average age of 31 years old, 33.87 percent worked as general contractors, 99.46 percent had acknowledged the situation of Hepatitis-B infection during their pregnancies, 8 percent had received Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate and only 5 percent had been referred to treatment processes. 3) There were the associations between receiving HBV vaccination and immune development without statistically significant relationship (p-value>0.05). From the results, the completed doses of Hepatitis B immunoglobulin and Hepatitis B Vaccination should be provided to the infected children. Moreover, HBV screenings and Hepatitis-B immunizations should be examined comprehensively as well as developing a practice of referral systems and proper treatments for infected mothers and children in order to decrease the morbidity rates of liver cirrhosis and liver cancer in the future
      PubDate: 2022-03-30
      DOI: 10.14456/dcj.2022.5
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 1 (2022)
  • The concentration of silica dust and health risk assessment among workers
           in a clay brick production factory, Ayutthaya province

    • Authors: Kaewkanlaya Sudaruk, Photchani Upphakham, Aroonwan Pansiri, Wanpiti Thammasri
      Pages: 52 - 61
      Abstract: The objectives of this study aim to examine the silica dust contamination in working areas of clay brick production and to conduct a health risk assessment of workers in clay brick production factory in Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya province. The amount of particulate matter less than 10 micrometers was determined by using personal air sampling pump attached with the workers in 3 areas: raw material preparation area, baking area and post-baking area. The amount of particulate matter (PM) was examined; the total suspended particulate matter and the particulate matter less than 10 micrometer were analyzed by NIOSH methods 7601 with UV-Vis spectrophotometer. The health risk assessment from exposure to respirable dust were determined by risk assessment questionnaire of the U.S. Environmental protection agency. Samples were recruited from the clay brick factory workers in Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya province working in preparation area, baking area, or post-baking area. The results revealed that the silica dust concentration in summer was higher than those in rainy season, with the average concentration 0.214 milligram per cubic meter and 0.010 milligram per cubic meter respectively. Regarding health risk assessment, the workers who had worked in the preparation area, both in summer and rainy season, had the highest risk for silica dust exposure compared to the other areas (HQ = 1.91, 0.09) and it will lead to harmful effect mostly on lungs.
      PubDate: 2022-03-30
      DOI: 10.14456/dcj.2022.6
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 1 (2022)
  • The influence of factors on behavior toward smog problem management of
           people in community: A case study of Ban Hong Luang, Lamphun province

    • Authors: Nantawadee Pinpankong, Jakkapob Dhatsuwan, Jetsadakon Noin , Lampang Saenchan, Channarong Chaisuwan, Patumrat Sripan
      Pages: 62 - 72
      Abstract: This study aims to examine the behavior on smog problem management and investigate the factors influencing behavior on smog problem management of people in Ban Hong Luang community, Ban Hong District, Lamphun Province. We recruited 392 people in Ban Hong Luang community through the systematic random sampling. Data were collected by using questionnaire and analyzed by using Chi-square test statistics and rank logistic regression. This study found that gender, knowledge, attitude, awareness and participation of people in the community associated with behavior on smog management (p-value<0.05) and could explain the behavior on smog management at 79.6%. Promoting the participation of people by enhancing knowledge, understanding and public awareness regarding the impact of air pollution from smog could encourage smog management behavior.
      PubDate: 2022-03-30
      DOI: 10.14456/dcj.2022.7
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 1 (2022)
  • Health risk assessment of exposure to heavy metals via consumption of
           three tadpole species found in surrounding electronic waste dumpsite in
           Kalasin province

    • Authors: Somsak Intamat, Dawprakay Ya-ngam, Varitsara Raksapakdee, Lamyai Neeratanaphan
      Pages: 73 - 82
      Abstract: This research was conducted to assess health risks from exposure to heavy metals (arsenic, cadmium, chromium, lead, nickel, copper, and manganese) via consumption of three tadpole species (Kaloula pulchra, Fejervarya limnocharis, and Hoplobatrachus rugulosus) found in the surrounding areas of an electronic waste dumpsite in Khong Chai district, Kalasin province. Heavy metals contamination in water, sediment, and three tadpole species were assessed. The samples were analyzed for heavy metals using inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES). Health risk assessments through three tadpole species consumption was conducted based on hazard quotient (HQ). The results found that all heavy metal concentration in water samples exceeded the standards for water sources, whereas arsenic concentration in sediment samples was found to have exceeded the standards for soil used for the purposes other than agricultural and residential purposes. Regarding heavy metal contamination in three tadpole species, it was found that arsenic, chromium, and lead concentration exceeded the standard contamination in foods (at 0.1, 1.0 and 0.3 mg/kg, respectively), whereas cadmium concentration (0.5 mg/kg) exceeded the standard level only in Fejervarya limnocharis. Health risk assessment of exposure to heavy metals through the consumption of three tadpole species found that the HQ values of lead in three tadpole species were more than 1, whereas the HQ of arsenic was more than 1 only in Fejervarya limnocharis tadpole. E-waste disposal that was not appropriately managed has led to contamination of toxic substances into the environments and detrimental impacts to human health and ecosystem both in the short and long term.
      PubDate: 2022-03-30
      DOI: 10.14456/dcj.2022.8
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 1 (2022)
  • Efficacy of lemongrass aerosol sprays against insecticide-resistant Aedes
           aegypti mosquitoes from dengue risk areas

    • Authors: Jakkrawarn Chompoosri, Chayada Khamsawads, Jariya Krutbut, Ratana Tacharoenmuang, Thanyapak Makruen, Archawin Rojanawiwat
      Pages: 83 - 98
      Abstract: An efficacy study of lemongrass aerosol spray against insecticide-resistant Aedes aegypti mosquitoes from dengue risk areas in Nakhon Pathom and Chanthaburi provinces was conducted through investigation. Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) essential oil was extracted by hydrodistillation and its chemical composition was analyzed by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS). The oil was tested on susceptible Ae. aegypti mosquitoes to determine a discriminating concentration (2xLC99) and then tested against the insecticide-resistant mosquitoes by modification of the WHO insecticide susceptibility test. Lemongrass aerosol sprays were further developed and then studied for the efficacy against the insecticide-resistant mosquitoes in glass chamber and the fields. The results showed that the main constituents identified from the oil were geranial (28.77%) and neral (22.74%). The discriminating concentration of the oil was set at 0.814% that provided a 100% mortality rate for the insecticide-resistant mosquitoes. Lemongrass aerosol sprays containing the oil concentrations of 0.814%, 4.07%, 8.14% and 8.14% with flavoring agents gave the mortality rates of 0%, 30-40%, 100% and 100% for the insecticide-resistant mosquitoes from both provinces in glass chamber, respectively. The aerosol sprays containing the oil concentrations of 8.14% and 8.14% with flavoring agents provided the 100% mortality rate for Ae. aegypti mosquitoes in the fields of both provinces at 24 hours. In conclusion, the lemongrass aerosol sprays containing the oil concentrations of 8.14% and 8.14% with flavoring agents were effective against the insecticide-resistant Ae. aegypti mosquitoes from dengue risk areas of both provinces. It suggests that the lemongrass aerosol sprays could be alternative products to chemical aerosol sprays for mosquito control purpose.
      PubDate: 2022-03-30
      DOI: 10.14456/dcj.2022.9
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 1 (2022)
  • Evaluation of chemical events management following International Health
           Regulations, 2005: IHR (2005) in provinces located in Special Economic
           Zone (SEZ) and Border Health Provinces (BHPs)

    • Authors: Satit Namwicha, Jariya Phathong, Sutatip Buranasatitnon
      Pages: 99 - 109
      Abstract: Chemical events management was a technical area of Joint External Evaluation (JEE) tool used to prevent, control, and respond to diseases and health hazards in accordance with the International Health Regulations 2005, or IHR (2005). The Department of Disease Control (DDC), Ministry of Public Health (MOPH) has expanded its activities to the provincial level, including the provinces located in the Special Economic Zone (SEZ) and Border Health Provinces (BHPs). This cross-sectional descriptive study aimed to evaluate the implementation of IHR (2005) core capacity in chemical events-related issues, analyze barriers to implementing the program at the provincial level, and provide recommendations for health authorities in SEZ and BHPs. The data were collected by using IHR (2005) JEE tool intended for implementation at the provincial level, of which contents covers technical area 18 - chemical events assessment. This data collection form was developed by DDC for use in 27 provinces. Data were analyzed and interpreted using assessment criteria with descriptive statistics and content analysis. The results found that (1) most of provinces in SEZ and BHPs had no capacity in chemical event management (33.3%), followed by those with demonstrated capacity level (22.2%), moderate capacity level (18.5%), limited capacity level (14.8%), and sustainable capacity level (11.1%). As for the first three activities which were successfully completed, 70.4% of participating provinces have established chemical accident risk database, 66.7% of them have conducted exercise on chemical emergency response at the provincial level, and 66.7% of them have provided a refresher course on the knowledge of chemical events to their respective provincial SRRT team. On the contrary, the first three activities which had yet to be conducted included human resource development plan or training courses related chemical events (51.9% of provinces participating in the study), chemical risk area assessments (48.2%), and integration and standardization of existing Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) for chemical sampling and delivery for laboratory analysis (44.4%). Additionally, provinces located in the SEZ and BHPs have encountered various operational problems, including an incorrect and incomplete area according to the IHR (2005) – JEE tool, limitations on personnel, resources, and insufficient budget. Therefore, more efforts should be made by the DDC so as to translate the policy into actions with particular emphasis on interagency cooperation, personnel allocation and budget, continued implementation of personnel capacity building program, and monitoring and evaluation (M&E). For provincial level, there should be a clear set of responsibilities, preparations of work plans according to IHR 2005, and cooperation with their local network.
      PubDate: 2022-03-30
      DOI: 10.14456/dcj.2022.10
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 1 (2022)
  • Effects of program of applying protection motivation theory on pesticide
           prevention behaviors among cassava farmers, Painokyoong sub-district,
           Hankha district, Chainat province

    • Authors: Thanasak Piamsin, Jutarat Rakprasit
      Pages: 110 - 119
      Abstract: This quasi-experimental research aimed to study the effects of a program applying protection motivation theory on pesticide prevention behaviors among cassava farmers in Painokyoong sub-district, Hankha district, Chainat province. The samples were divided into two groups, 30 participants into the experimental group and 30 participants into the control group, using purposive selection method. The experimental group was participated in 10-week program including the perception component and the expectation component, developed based on the protection motivation theory. Data were collected using a questionnaire. The statistics used to analyze the data were percentage, mean and two-way repeated measure ANOVA. The results showed that the mean scores of the experimental group regarding perceived intensity from pesticide use, perceived susceptibility from pesticide exposure, response efficacy in effectiveness of prevention from pesticide, perceived self-efficacy of prevention from pesticide, and prevention behaviors from pesticide were higher than those scores before the program and higher than those of the control group, with statistically significant (p-value<0.01). The results indicated that the program of applying protection motivation theory on pesticide prevention behaviors had an effect on the pesticide prevention behaviors in the experimental group by changing their behaviors to be more appropriate practices. Therefore, relevant agencies can apply these operating activities to other areas.
      PubDate: 2022-03-30
      DOI: 10.14456/dcj.2022.11
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 1 (2022)
  • Health literacy for adolescent pregnancy prevention of the female
           vocational students in Nakhon Ratchasima province

    • Authors: Wararat Sangwalee, Jun Norkaew
      Pages: 120 - 131
      Abstract: This research aims to study health literacy for prevention of adolescent pregnancy among first-to-third year female vocational students in Nakhon Ratchasima Province. The study involved 389 female students. Data were collected through questionnaires between August - December 2020 and were analyzed by descriptive statistics, of which results were presented by percentage, frequency, mean, and standard deviation. The association between health literacy and behaviors to prevent unintended pregnancy was examined using Chi-Square statistic with statistical significance of .05. Overall, it was found that when it comes to health literacy for prevention of unplanned pregnancy, 50.39%, 45.50%, and 4.11% of the students have had poor, moderate, and excellent levels of the health literacy, respectively. In addition, the results showed that the levels of health literacy are associated with behaviors to prevent unintended pregnancy with statistical significance of .001. The study suggests that health literacy for prevention of adolescent pregnancy among female vocational students in Nakhon Ratchasima province needs to be improved and developed. Therefore, the efforts to promote health literacy related to pregnancy prevention among female adolescent students should focus on improving awareness, enhancing motivation and building skills to reduce the risk of adolescent pregnancy.
      PubDate: 2022-03-30
      DOI: 10.14456/dcj.2022.12
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 1 (2022)
  • Predicting factors of e-cigarettes use behavior among higher education
           students in Phitsanulok province

    • Authors: Thitirat Rasiri
      Pages: 132 - 142
      Abstract: E–cigarettes are toxic and damage to health but popular among teenagers. This predictive correlation research aimed to study predicting factor of e–cigarette use behavior among higher education students in Phitsanulok Province. The sample consisted of 380 male and female students studying at a bachelor's degree, aged 18 years old and above which selected by a multi–stage random sampling. The research instrument was questionnaire regarding perception, attitudes and behavior towards e-cigarette use with reliabilities ​​at 0.78, 0.81, and 0.77, respectively. The predicting factors were analyzed by stepwise multiple regression analysis. The results showed that e-cigarettes use behaviors were at low level of 35.0%. The factors of e-cigarettes use behaviors at the level of 95% statistical significance were described as e-cigarette use of people around them (β=0.372), experience of receiving information about e-cigarettes selling via the Internet (β=0.261), perception about the dangers of e-cigarettes (β=0.173), and attitude toward prevent using e -cigarettes (β=0.125) which could predict at 47.3 percent (R2=0.473). The findings suggested that university executives and related staffs should develop strategies to control and prevent e-cigarette use among higher education students by promoting correct perception, and attitude towards e-cigarette use to contribute the correct behavior, which can be conducted by providing health education training as well as organizing club activities to prevent students from initiate smoking in the campus.
      PubDate: 2022-03-30
      DOI: 10.14456/dcj.2022.13
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 1 (2022)
  • Problems for their adolescents found in households with drinking parents

    • Authors: Jaruwan Tritipsombut
      Pages: 143 - 159
      Abstract: Drinking alcohol is a behavior that has been associated with Thai society for a long time, and it does not just affect the alcoholics themselves but also those around them. The explanatory sequential study design aims to assess the problems for the children found in the households with drinking parents. Quantitative data were collected among 379 adolescents aged 13-18 years, using the researchers-adapted questionnaire. Qualitative data were collected among seven adolescents aged 13-18 years who responded to the questionnaire and lived in various sub-districts of Mueang Nakhon Ratchasima District including two alcoholic parents, using the semi-structured interview. According to the findings, it was found that the average age of participants was 14.71years and the average number of their family members was 4.90. Approximately 58.84 percent of individuals reported having a good relationship with their family members. In the sampled families, the average number of drinkers was 1.97, of which 69.23 percent are their father and/or mother. The average age of drinkers was 43.70 years, and they started drinking when they were 22.60 years. It was also found that 63.64 percent of them often drank at their homes in the evening (83.33%), and 39.84 percent of the drinkers were also smokers. Moreover, the study sample was affected at a moderate level (7.28%) and high level (1.12%). The common problems associated with drinking parents were verbal and emotional effects, physical discomfort especially at night, and the need to take care of drinkers, as well as perceived availability of ease of access to alcohol. When assessing the relationship using the multiple logistic regression, it was also found that the household relationship and the parental smoking are related to the problems for their children living in the households with drinking parents at the significance level of 0.05 (Adjusted OR=3.02, 95% CI=1.06 to 8.61 and Adjusted OR=5.42, 95% CI=1.48 to 19.91, respectively). Therefore, relevant agencies should organize rejection or negotiation skills-building activities for parents, especially for those who drink too much, and should also provide counseling on how to get rid of drinking habits by limiting the amount and duration of their drinking in order to bring the time wasted on alcohol consumption, especially in the evening, to build a good family relationship with their family members. Those parents who both drink and smoke should be encouraged to understand and recognize the benefits of choosing to adjust their smoking behavior first. This is because the smoke that sticks to the body and clothing makes it difficult for children to physically show their love and affection for their parents.
      PubDate: 2022-03-30
      DOI: 10.14456/dcj.2022.14
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 1 (2022)
  • The study of road traffic injury prevention process of local
           administration organization at subdistrict level during Songkran festival
           in the upper north region, 2018

    • Authors: Siriying Tipsriraj, Wanlaya Sophakul, Thanalak Sukprasan, Chalermpon Chenwittaya
      Pages: 160 - 173
      Abstract: The purpose of this descriptive study is to describe the procedure for preventing road traffic injuries in local administrative organization at subdistrict level of the upper north region in order to contribute the findings or important perspectives for future measures. We purposively selected 24 local administrative organizations (subdistrict level): 14 organizations from the area with high road traffic injury rate, and the remaining 10 organizations from the low road traffic injury rate area. In each district, the study included 10 officers or community leaders involved in road traffic accident operations, as well as at least 5 affected people. Data were gathered through observation and in-depth interviews. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics including percentage, rate, ratio, and proportion, and the triangulation method to assess the quality of conflicting information. The findings revealed that the majority of subdistricts set up a checkpoint and communicated the risk of road traffic injuries in accordance with the central government order. Local governments own the resources used to implement the measures, however, it is insufficient in some areas. Areas with low rate of traffic injury implemented a variety of measures, communicated the policies more extensively and has a greater ability to improve cooperation between relevant personnel and the general public than those areas with high injury rate. Important issues that should be taken for developing further measures included providing support for the local government to develop measures specifically for the certain area, increasing staff satisfaction, ineffective admonition, and unable to reduce the number of injuries and deaths. The people who were affected, on the other hand, were extremely satisfied because they felt they were being cared for in a safe manner.
      PubDate: 2022-03-30
      DOI: 10.14456/dcj.2022.15
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 1 (2022)
  • Effectiveness of ergonomic management program combined with Maneevej
           exercise technique to reduce pain from work-related musculoskeletal
           disorder among hospital personnel in Phrae hospital, Thailand

    • Authors: Piyachat Deesuwan
      Pages: 174 - 188
      Abstract: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders are important health problems among hospital personnel. This study was a non-randomized controlled trial and aimed to assess the effectiveness of ergonomic management program combined with Maneevej exercise technique in terms of pain score improvement comparing samples who practiced regular Maneevej exercise and others who practiced irregularly. Sixty-two personnel of Phrae hospital who had worked-related disorders were recruited from nutrition section, central distribution unit, dental department and pharmaceutical department. All of them obtained the ergonomic management program together with practicing Maneevej exercise technique. The results showed that 29 samples (46.8%) applied Maneevej exercise regularly and 33 samples (53.2%) applied Maneevej exercise irregularly. The pain scores were measured at two and four months after launching such program. The results showed that the pain score was decreased in both regular and irregular Maneevej practice group. Regular Maneevej practice could reduce the worst pain score significantly compared with those of the irregular group (mean diff=0.24, 95%CI=0.43, -0.04, p=0.017) and it also reduced the current pain score (mean diff=0.30, 95%CI=0.48, -0.11, p=0.002) compared with the current pain score of the irregular group. These findings suggested that the Maneevej practice is value to combine with ergonomic management program in order to relieve pain from work-related musculoskeletal disorders.
      PubDate: 2022-03-30
      DOI: 10.14456/dcj.2022.16
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 1 (2022)
  • Weight loss of staff and students at Sirindhorn College of Public Health,

    • Authors: Sineenart Witayapichetsakul
      Pages: 189 - 200
      Abstract: The purpose of this qualitative research was to study weight loss experience of staff and students of Sirindhorn College of Public Health, Chonburi. All of them were 20 years of age and over who have had an overweight condition. They were assigned to take care of themselves by losing weight to meet the standard criteria: waist circumference less than 80 centimeters in women and 90 centimeters in men or Body Mass Index (BMI) of 18.5-25.0 kilograms per meter squared; and they could maintain their balance body condition for a period of more than 3 weeks. We recruited 20 participants by the combination of a purposive sampling and a snowball sampling. The data were collected by using semi-in-depth structured interview and analyzed by a reflexive thematic analysis. The findings show that staff and students lose weight in two aspects: psychological aspect, which emphasizes the importance of thought relating to cognitive behavioral therapy; and physical aspect, there are many forms based on individual basis, such as counting calories, intermittent fasting, food combination, low carbohydrate high protein, ketogenic diet, carnivore diet, exercise, relaxation. Therefore, the Human Resources Division and the Student Affairs Division of various institutions can apply these findings as a guideline for providing health education and psychoeducation for individual and group.
      PubDate: 2022-03-30
      DOI: 10.14456/dcj.2022.17
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 1 (2022)
  • Costs of sickness absence among government personnel of the units under
           Department of Disease Control, Ministry of Public Health

    • Authors: Phakhawan Worrawit, Ariya Bunngamchairat, Suttinun Chantanakul, Kanjana Tisayaticom
      Pages: 201 - 214
      Abstract: Sickness absence refers to when an employee was absent from work due to sickness. It resulted in reduced efficiencies of work and could reflected well-beings of employees in organizations. This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the sickness absence duration, costs of sickness absence, and the relationship between costs of sickness absence and personal factors. The secondary data of sickness absence records of 1,884 employees during 2014-2016, from the units under the Department of Disease Control, Ministry of Public Health were included. Descriptive statistics was applied to analyze average sickness absence duration, while average costs were calculated by Human Capital Approach. The associations between sickness absence costs and personal factors were tested by multiple linear regression. The findings showed that the overall sickness absence per year from 2014 to 2016 stood at 604, 795, and 535 days, with an average of 10.53, 9.17, 9.55 days per person per year, respectively. The average costs of sickness absence per year from 2014 to 2016 were 2,880.95, 2,624.18, and 2,882.14 Baht per person per year, respectively. Furthermore, no significant difference was observed between sickness absence duration and costs of sickness absence, including no statistical associations of costs of sickness absence, with individual personal factors including gender, age, types of employees, and causes of absence. To summarize, there are no differences in absence duration, costs of sickness absence, and relationship between the costs of sickness absence and the personal variables. This research reflected overall well-beings of employees as a consequence; the organization could develop the information system for efficient monitoring and evaluation of employees’ health. This, in turn, led to formulation of policy and planning in health welfare, such as the annual health check-up responsive to sex and age.
      PubDate: 2022-03-30
      DOI: 10.14456/dcj.2022.18
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 1 (2022)
  • Migrant Worker Hotline Performance Reporting in Response of COVID-19 in
           Thailand and the satisfaction assessment of migrant workers volunteers

    • Authors: Sakonwan Kaewklin, Chat Chaiyaso, Soawapak Hinjoy, Aree Moungsookjareoun
      Pages: 215 - 226
      Abstract: The objectives of this study were: 1. To report on the performance of the migrant workers hotline in helping migrant workers to access and receive information health knowledge resulting in cooperative behavior in disease prevention and control and responding to the COVID-19 outbreak 2. To assess the satisfaction of migrant workers volunteers in the prevention and control of the COVID-19 outbreak about migrant workers. Data were collected from migrant workers' hotline 1422 volunteers from neighboring countries (Myanmar, Cambodia, and Lao People’s Democratic Republic). Data were collected from migrant volunteers who served as operators of the migrant hotline by using questionnaires that contain general questions and performance evaluations of the operators. Descriptive statistics including frequencies and percentages were applied in this study. From 1-31 May 2020, there were a total of 189 calls on the COVID-19 hotline service. The findings of the study indicated the top three types of issues that hotline operators have been provided information. These lists of most commonly reported issues were arranged in a descending order: 1) Cross-border travel, registration for repatriation, documents for registration for repatriation flights, embassy contact details, information for passport and visa requirements, 2) COVID-19 situations in Thailand and neighboring countries, 3) Unemployment, termination of employment, loss of income, compensation and social security benefits. Assessments of volunteer operators’ satisfaction showed that respondents’ satisfaction towards the training session which includes training content, knowledge transfer, and duration of course and training handbook was 80 percent. The majority of the respondents had a high level of satisfaction (60%) for the readiness of operators to perform the duties, including the number of operator’s availability, information, resources of information, capacity building of the network. However, the results demonstrated that the majority of the respondents had a low level of satisfaction regarding the availability of equipment (60%) and most of the volunteers rated their satisfaction level high for happiness and pride after serving as the operators (60%). The results of this study can be used to develop, improve the operation of the next generation of migrant workers, and strengthen the network of migrant workers to prevent and control diseases to deal effectively with a potential the next wave of COVID-19. The results may also be useful for addressing other diseases.
      PubDate: 2022-03-30
      DOI: 10.14456/dcj.2022.19
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 1 (2022)
  • An outbreak investigation of influenza in a special education school,
           Phrae province, 2018

    • Authors: Charuttaporn Jitpeera, Suphanat Wongsanuphat, Bhurinud Salakij, Prangsiri Nalam, Thawabhorn Jannok, Watcharapon Sinprawat, Amnuay Tipsriraj, Nattapon Ekrarakrungreung
      Pages: 227 - 238
      Abstract: On 9 August 2018, the Bureau of Epidemiology (BOE) received a notification that there was a cluster of influenza-like illness (ILI) cases in a Special Education School located in Phrae province. A joint investigation team conducted an outbreak investigation to confirm the diagnosis of influenza and implemented control measures. A retrospective cohort study was conducted and active case finding was performed. Suspected cases were defined as any person in the school who had at least 2 of the following symptoms: fever, cough, and sore throat during 14 July to 17 August 2018. Specimens from suspected cases were collected by nasopharyngeal or throat swab for real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR). Confirmed cases were suspected cases with RT-PCR positive for influenza. An environmental study was conducted. Univariate and multivariate analysis were done to identify related factors of influenza infection. Risk Ratio (RR) and 95% Confidence Interval (CI) were used. We found 89 suspected cases and 13 confirmed cases among 317 screened people (attack rate 29.0%). The source of this outbreak cannot be identified, but the outbreak had occurred after Buddhist Lent holiday. All confirmed cases’ specimens were positive for influenza A (H1N1) pandemic 2009. We found a protective factor among students was hand washing (RR=0.22, 95% CI=0.04-0.84), and the risk factor among staff and teachers was sharing clothes with others (RR=2.14, 95% CI=1.12-4.06). All patients received Oseltamivir and one week school closure was implemented to stop the spreading. Students in the school were in a risk group and influenza vaccination was recommended.
      PubDate: 2022-03-30
      DOI: 10.14456/dcj.2022.20
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 1 (2022)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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